CN107687299A - 用于车辆门的动力驱动门推进器 - Google Patents

用于车辆门的动力驱动门推进器 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107687299A
CN107687299A CN201710657418.3A CN201710657418A CN107687299A CN 107687299 A CN107687299 A CN 107687299A CN 201710657418 A CN201710657418 A CN 201710657418A CN 107687299 A CN107687299 A CN 107687299A
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Prior art keywords
door
plunger
vehicle
electric actuator
controller
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CN201710657418.3A
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Inventor
H·保罗·茨维·林登
克里斯多夫·马修·拉耶夫斯基
康斯坦丁·马诺列斯库
詹姆斯·帕森斯·沙利文
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Ford Global Technologies LLC
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Ford Global Technologies LLC
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Priority to US15/228,101 priority Critical
Priority to US15/228,101 priority patent/US10087671B2/en
Application filed by Ford Global Technologies LLC filed Critical Ford Global Technologies LLC
Publication of CN107687299A publication Critical patent/CN107687299A/zh
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B81/00Power-actuated vehicle locks
    • E05B81/02Power-actuated vehicle locks characterised by the type of actuators used
    • E05B81/04Electrical
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/60Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators
    • E05F15/603Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors
    • E05F15/611Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for swinging wings
    • E05F15/616Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for swinging wings operated by push-pull mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J1/00Windows; Windscreens; Accessories therefor
    • B60J1/08Windows; Windscreens; Accessories therefor arranged at vehicle sides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J5/00Doors
    • B60J5/04Doors arranged at the vehicle sides
    • B60J5/047Doors arranged at the vehicle sides characterised by the opening or closing movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/20Means to switch the anti-theft system on or off
    • B60R25/24Means to switch the anti-theft system on or off using electronic identifiers containing a code not memorised by the user
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B81/00Power-actuated vehicle locks
    • E05B81/02Power-actuated vehicle locks characterised by the type of actuators used
    • E05B81/04Electrical
    • E05B81/06Electrical using rotary motors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B81/00Power-actuated vehicle locks
    • E05B81/12Power-actuated vehicle locks characterised by the function or purpose of the powered actuators
    • E05B81/14Power-actuated vehicle locks characterised by the function or purpose of the powered actuators operating on bolt detents, e.g. for unlatching the bolt
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B81/00Power-actuated vehicle locks
    • E05B81/12Power-actuated vehicle locks characterised by the function or purpose of the powered actuators
    • E05B81/20Power-actuated vehicle locks characterised by the function or purpose of the powered actuators for assisting final closing or for initiating opening
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B81/00Power-actuated vehicle locks
    • E05B81/54Electrical circuits
    • E05B81/56Control of actuators
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B81/00Power-actuated vehicle locks
    • E05B81/54Electrical circuits
    • E05B81/56Control of actuators
    • E05B81/60Control of actuators using pulse control, e.g. pulse-width modulation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B81/00Power-actuated vehicle locks
    • E05B81/54Electrical circuits
    • E05B81/64Monitoring or sensing, e.g. by using switches or sensors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B81/00Power-actuated vehicle locks
    • E05B81/54Electrical circuits
    • E05B81/64Monitoring or sensing, e.g. by using switches or sensors
    • E05B81/70Monitoring or sensing, e.g. by using switches or sensors the wing position
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/60Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators
    • E05F15/603Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors
    • E05F15/611Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for swinging wings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/60Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators
    • E05F15/603Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors
    • E05F15/665Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings
    • E05F15/689Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings specially adapted for vehicle windows
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B85/00Details of vehicle locks not provided for in groups E05B77/00 - E05B83/00
    • E05B85/10Handles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/20Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/218Holders
    • E05Y2201/22Locks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/40Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/404Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore characterised by the function
    • E05Y2201/422Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore characterised by the function for opening
    • E05Y2201/426Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore characterised by the function for opening for the initial opening movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/40Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/43Motors
    • E05Y2201/434Electromotors; Details thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/60Suspension or transmission members; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/622Suspension or transmission members elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/60Suspension or transmission members; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/622Suspension or transmission members elements
    • E05Y2201/686Rods, links
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/10Electronic control
    • E05Y2400/30Electronic control of motors
    • E05Y2400/31Force or torque control
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/10Electronic control
    • E05Y2400/30Electronic control of motors
    • E05Y2400/40Control units therefore
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/55Windows

Abstract

一种车辆包括车身和可移动地安装至车身的门。门具有动力闩锁和电动致动器,电动致动器将柱塞从门的内侧延伸和缩回。控制器开锁动力闩锁并且致动电动致动器,使得柱塞接触车身并且推开门。然后,当门打开时,控制器控制电动致动器以缩回柱塞。

Description

用于车辆门的动力驱动门推进器
技术领域
[0001]本发明总体涉及具有动力门打开机构的车辆门,并且具体地,涉及一种车辆门,其 具有动力闩锁和动力打开机构以部分地打开门,使得不需要外部门把手。
背景技术
[0002]已经开发出各种车辆门闭锁和打开机构。例如,被动进入被动启动(PEPS)系统通 常包括将安全码传输到车辆的无线“遥控器”。当携带授权遥控器的用户接近车辆时,用户 可以将手插入与把手邻近的开口中。传感器检测用户的手并解锁车辆门。然后用户抓握把 手并向外移动把手以开锁并打开门。在这种类型的装置中,把手机械地连接到门闩机构中 的棘爪,使得把手的移动将棘爪机械地移动到释放位置,以允许闩锁的卡爪或卡钩移动并 使撞针脱离,以允许车辆门打开。
[0003] 还开发了动力门闩锁机构。动力门闩锁机构可包括动力致动器,其移动棘爪以允 许卡爪移动以使撞针脱离。因此,在动力门闩锁中,不需要移动门把手,因为动力致动器将 棘爪移动到释放位置以允许门打开。动力闩锁可包括锁机构或锁状态,其要求接收授权密 码和/或其他输入以在开锁动力闩锁之前解锁动力闩锁。具有动力闩锁的己知车辆门包括 门上的外部把手,由此用户可以在门开锁之后抓握把手以手动打开门。
发明内容
[0004] 本公开的一个方面是一种装置,该装置包括不具有外部把手的车辆门。车辆门包 括配置成可枢转地安装到车辆车身结构的第一侧边缘部分和与第一侧边缘部分相对的第 二侧边缘部分。车辆门把手包括动力闩锁机构,动力闩锁机构具有第一电动致动器,第一电 动致动器可致动以开锁闩锁机构以允许车辆门打开。车辆门还包括没有外部门把手的外 侧。车辆门还包括动力门推进器机构,其包括柱塞和第二电动致动器,第二电动致动器可致 动以将柱塞在缩回位置和延伸位置之间移动。柱塞接合车辆车身并且将门推到部分打开位 置以在第二侧边缘部分和车辆车身之间限定间隙,由此用户可插入一部分手并且将门拉到 完全打开位置。该装置进一步包括可安装在门中的控制器。或者,控制器可安装在主车辆 中。控制器配置成致动第一电动致动器以开锁闩锁机构。控制器还配置成第一次致动第二 电动致动器,以将柱塞从缩回位置移动到延伸位置以部分地打开车辆门。控制器还配置成 第二次致动第二电动致动器,以在门打开时将柱塞从延伸位置移动到缩回位置。在柱塞缩 回之后,门可关闭而不受柱塞的干扰。
[0005] 本公开的另一方面是一种车辆,该车辆包括车身和可移动地安装到车身的门。门 具有动力闩锁和电动致动器,电动致动器将柱塞从门的内侧延伸和缩回。车辆还包括控制 器,控制器开锁动力闩锁并且致动电动致动器,使得柱塞接触车身并且将门推开,随后致动 电动致动器以缩回柱塞。
[0006] 本公开的另一方面是一种在不抓握车辆的外部把手的情况下将车辆门从车辆的 外侧打开的方法。该方法包括使动力门闩锁解锁和开锁。该方法进一步包括使门上的电动 致动器致动并且将柱塞从门的内侧延伸,使得柱塞推动车辆的车身并且至少部分地打开 门,以在门的边缘和车辆的车身之间形成间隙。然后用户将一部分手插入间隙中并且拉动 门以移动门进一步打开。该方法进一步包括使门上的电动致动器致动并且在门打开时缩回 柱塞。
[0007] 本领域的技术人员通过对下列说明书、权利要求以及附图的学习可以理解和领会 本发明的这些以及其它方面、目标、以及特性。
附图说明
[0008] 在附图中:
[0009] 图1为处于闭合位置的车辆门的部分局部等距视图;
[0010] 图2为处于部分打开位置的车辆门的部分局部等距视图;
[0011] 图3为动力门推进器机构的部分局部视图,其示出了处于缩回位置的柱塞;
[0012] 图4为动力门推进器机构的部分局部视图,其示出了处于延伸位置的柱塞;
[0013] 图5为车辆门的部分示意图;
[0014] 图6为动力闩锁机构的部分示意图;
[0015]图7为控制系统和动力闩锁机构的示意图;以及 [0016]图8为示出动力门闩锁和动力门推进器的操作的流程图。
具体实施方式
[0017]为进行说明,术语“上”、“下”、“右”、“左”、“后”、“前”、“竖直”、“水平”及其同义词 应以图1所示的方向为准。但是,应了解的是,本发明可采用各种替代方向和步骤顺序,除非 另有明确相反说明。还应了解,附图所示的以及下面说明书中描述的特定装置和过程均仅 为附录权利要求书中限定的本发明概念的示例性实施例。因此,与本文公开的实施例有关 的特定尺寸和其它物理特性不应视为限制性的,除非权利要求书中另有明确说明。
[0018] 参考图1,机动车辆1分别包括第一(前)和第二(后)门10和1〇A。车辆1可在车辆的 相对两侧(未示出)包括附加的门。车辆门10、10A等中的一个或多个可包括动力门推进器机 构2〇。如下面更详细地讨论,门10还可包括具有控制器II6的动力闩锁机构106。外侧释放开 关113 (还参见图5)可操作地连接到控制器116。如图1的虚线11M、113B和113C所示,外部开 锁开关II3可安装在各种位置中。开锁开关II3可包括常规的可移动开关构件、接触式传感 器或电容式传感器。如下面结合图5至图7更详细地讨论,用户通过致动开关113致动动力闩 锁106,从而开锁动力闩锁机构106。动力闩锁机构可配置为与无线设备6连通。无线设备6可 包括常规的遥控器,或者无线设备6可包括编程为与动力闩锁机构106的控制器116连通的 智能电话。控制器116可配置为在开锁动力闩锁106之前要求从无线设备6接收授权安全码。 因此,如果用户致动开关113,则除非已经从无线设备6接收到授权安全码,否则控制器116 不开锁动力闩锁106。
[0019] 再次参考图1,车辆门10包括通过较链104A、104B等可旋转地安装到车辆车身结构 103 (也参见图5)的第一(前)边缘部分12。门10还包括与第一侧边缘部分12相对的第二(后) 侧边缘部分14。如下面更详细地讨论,车辆门10的动力闩锁机构106包括第一电动致动器, 例如电动马达192 (图6),其可致动用于开锁闩锁机构106以允许车辆门10打开。如图1所示, 车辆门10的外侧16没有外部门把手。此外,当门10处于图1的闭合位置时,门10的外侧16不 包括用于抓握门10的插口或其它部件。
[0020]车辆门10还包括动力门推进器机构20。如下面结合图3和图4更详细地讨论,动力 门推进器机构20包括柱塞22和第二电动致动器,例如电动马达24,其可致动以使柱塞22在 缩回位置(图3)和延伸位置(图4)之间移动。车辆门10还包括控制器,诸如闩锁控制器116, 其配置成致动第一电动致动器(例如,电动马达192)以开锁动力闩锁机构106。控制器116还 配置成致动第二电动致动器(例如电动马达24)以将柱塞22从缩回位置(图3)移动到延伸位 置(图4),以至少部分地打开车辆门10,以在车辆门10的边缘14和邻近表面28之间形成间隙 26 (图2)。邻近表面28可包括后门10A的前缘。或者,表面28可包括车辆车身结构103的表面。 控制器116还配置为当门10打开时将柱塞从延伸位置(图4)移动到缩回位置(图3)。因为柱 塞22在门10处于打开位置时缩回,所以用户可以在没有来自柱塞22的干扰的情况下关闭 门。
[0021] 参考图3和图4,动力门推进器机构20包括壳体32和安装支架或安装板34。动力门 推进器机构20通过延伸穿过支架或板34中的开口 35的螺纹紧固件36安装到门结构30的内 侦临9。安装时,动力门推进器机构20设置在门10的内部空间17中。内部空间17限定在门10的 外侧16和内侧18之间。电动马达24通过齿轮传动机构38或其他合适的装置可操作地连接到 柱塞22。在所示示例中,齿轮传动机构38包括与柱塞22上的齿条38B接合的旋转齿轮38A。然 而,应当理解,可运用各种齿轮传动装置。柱塞22在图3的缩回位置和图4的延伸位置之间往 复运动。电动马达24可致动以将柱塞从缩回位置移动到延伸位置,并且电动马达24也可致 动以将柱塞22从延伸位置(图4)移动到缩回位置(图3)。电动马达24可以可操作地连接到控 制器116A至116D和动力闩锁106A至106D的备用电源152A至152D (图7)。应当理解,可运用电 磁线圈或其它合适的动力致动器来代替电动马达24。例如,柱塞22可通过弹簧偏置到打开 或闭合位置,并且可致动电磁线圈以克服偏置并移动柱塞22。因此,应当理解,控制器16可 通过控制与弹簧相关联的动力单向致动器来提供柱塞22沿延伸和缩回方向的动力致动。 [0022]动力门推进器机构20还包括一个或多个传感器40,其向闩锁控制器116提供关于 柱塞22的位置的信号。传感器40可包括一个或多个霍尔效应传感器和/或微型开关。霍尔效 应传感器提供存储在控制器116中的特定车辆电流与行进(霍尔计数)曲线。控制器116可使 用该数据来确定(或了解)柱塞22 (图4)的全部行进位置。
[0023]车辆门1〇还可包括门带止动机构42(图5)。门带机构42提供一个或多个止动器或 限位器,从而将门10保持在一个或多个特定的、预定部分打开位置和/或完全打开位置。通 常,门10倾向于在检验或止动位置保持静止。然而,如果用户对门10施加足够的力,则门10 可以沿打开或闭合方向远离止动器移动。止动机构42可具有对应于柱塞22的完全延伸位置 (图4)的检验或止动位置。因此,止动机构42倾向于将门1〇保持在对应于图4所示位置的第 一检验位置。各种类型的门带(棘爪)机构在本领域中通常是已知的,因此相信无需对止动 机构42进行详细描述。
[0024]如下面更详细地讨论,在电动马达24最初致动以通过将柱塞22从缩回位置(图3) 移动到延伸位置(图4)来部分地打开门10之后,电动马达24致动以将柱塞22缩回到缩回位 置(图3)。即使在柱塞缩回之后(图3),机构42提供的限位器或止动器倾向于将门1〇保持在 第一检验位置(图4)。角位置传感器44 (图5)可以可操作地连接到闩锁控制器U6。传感器44 提供指示门10相对于车辆车身结构103的角位置的信号。控制器116可配置为只有门10已旋 转打开到或超过图4的第一检验位置时才缩回柱塞22。这确保柱塞22直到用户已经将门1〇 打开至或超过图4的第一检验位置之后才缩回,以防止夹到用户的手。应当理解,传感器44 是可选的,并且闩锁控制器116可配置成在延伸柱塞22之后立即缩回柱塞22。或者,控制器 116可配置为在柱塞22最初移动到图4的延伸位置之后的预定时间段(例如3秒)之后缩回柱 塞22。
[0025] 闩锁控制器116可运用来自传感器40的数据来确定是否己经遇到物体。例如,如果 控制器116最初致动电动马达24,并且柱塞22开始从图3的缩回位置延伸,但是门遇到阻止 柱塞22移动到完全延伸位置(图4)的物体,控制器116可配置成即使柱塞22不能到达图4的 完全延伸位置也缩回柱塞22。闩锁控制器116可配置成运用脉宽调制(PWM)控制来向电动马 达24提供可变功率,从而控制由电动马达24产生的力和/或柱塞22延伸和/或缩回的速度。 控制器116可配置为根据需要增加或减少对电动马达24的电力供应来保持目标速度,而以 预定的恒定目标速度移动柱塞22。如果门10遇到需要增加功率以保持柱塞22的速度的物 体,则控制器116可配置成如果保持目标速度的功率要求超过预定水平则缩回柱塞22。此 外,当门10处于完全闭合位置时,由于门10和门体103之间的积冰或其他物理连接/摩擦/粘 合,可能需要较大的力来开始门1〇的移动。控制器116可在从图3的缩回位置的初始移动期 间向电动马达24提供增加的电力,以提供所需的增加的力来初始移动门1 〇。
[0026] 柱塞22可包括端面23,端面23接触车辆车身103的表面21以将门10从闭合位置(图 3)推到第一检验位置(图4)。当门10处于第一检验位置时,在门10的内侧18和车辆车身103 之间形成间隙“G”。如图2所示,间隙G优选地足够大以允许用户2将用户2的手4插入到间隙G 中。间隙“G”优选地至少约为20mm,更优选地至少约为50mm。通常,间隙“G”可在约20mm至约 250mm的范围内。此外,柱塞22的行程大致等于间隙G。由于门10的内部空间17受到限制,所 以柱塞22的长度和间隙G的对应尺寸可能受到空间问题的限制。
[0027] 如上所讨论,除了电动马达24,动力门推进器机构20可包括电磁线圈或其他动力 机构。此外,应当理解,柱塞22可以具有其他配置,并且本发明不限于上面示出和描述的特 定的线性柱塞配置。
[0028] 进一步参考图5至图7,门10包括门结构102,其可运用铰链104A和104B以已知方式 可移动地安装到车辆结构103。动力闩锁106可操作地连接到闩锁控制器116。控制器116可 包括作为动力闩锁106的一部分的单独控制模块,并且车辆1可包括在车辆1的每个门处的 动力闩锁106。门10还可包括内部开锁输入部件,例如可操作地连接到控制器116的内部开 锁开关112、以及也可操作地连接到控制器116的外部开锁开关II3。内部开锁开关112设置 在门10的内侧,在此处其可以从车辆内部接近,并且外部开锁开关113设置在门10的外侧, 并且当门10关闭时,可以从车辆1的外部接近。
[0029] 为了离开车辆1,用户2致动内部开锁开关112或外部开锁开关113以对控制器8产 生开锁请求。如果闩锁106开锁和/或存在某些预定操作界限或条件,则控制器116产生信 号,使得在启动内部开锁开关112时开锁动力闩锁1〇6。门10还可包括解锁输入部件,例如安 装到门10的内侧的解锁开关114。解锁开关114可操作地连接到控制器116。控制器116可配 置成存储可以通过致动解锁开关114改变的门或闩锁锁定或解锁状态。
[0030] 为了进入车辆1,用户2运用无线设备6向控制器116传输安全码,然后致动外部开 锁开关113。下面结合图8更详细地讨论用于进入车辆1的动力门推进器20的操作。
[0031]控制器116可配置(例如,编程)成如果控制器116确定动力闩锁106处于锁定状态, 则拒绝通过致动内部开锁开关112或外部开锁开关113产生的开锁请求。控制器116优选地 是可编程控制器,其可配置为根据编程控制器116的预定操作逻辑开锁动力闩锁106。然而, 控制器116可包括配置成提供期望的操作逻辑的电路和部件。如本文所使用,术语“控制器” 可指代经设置用于提供所需控制的一个或多个处理器、电路、电子设备以及其他这样的部 件和系统。
[0032] 进一步参考图6,动力闩锁106可包括可移动保持(闩锁)构件,例如绕枢轴182枢转 的卡爪180以及可旋转地安装用于绕枢轴188旋转的棘爪186。棘爪186可以在脱离或开锁位 置186A和闭锁或结合构造或位置186B之间移动。在使用中,当门10打开时,卡爪180通常处 于延伸位置180A。当门10关闭时,卡爪180的表面190与安装到车辆结构的撞针184接触。撞 针184与卡爪180的表面190之间的接触使卡爪180绕枢轴182沿箭头“R1”的方向旋转,直到 卡爪180到达闭合位置180B。当卡爪180处于闭合位置180B并且棘爪186处于接合位置186B 时,棘爪186防止卡爪180旋转到打开位置180A,从而防止门10的打开。卡爪180可通过弹簧 等(未示出)偏置,以沿与箭头R1相反的方向旋转,使得除非棘爪186处于接合位置186B,否 则卡爪180旋转到打开位置180A。棘爪186可通过弹簧等(未示出)沿箭头R2的方向偏置,使 得当门10关闭时,随着撞针184接合卡爪180,卡爪180旋转到闭合位置180B,棘爪186旋转到 接合位置186B。可以通过沿与箭头R2相反的方向旋转棘爪186来开锁闩锁106,从而允许卡 爪180从闭合位置180B旋转到打开位置180A。
[0033] 诸如电动马达192的动力致动器可以可操作地连接到棘爪186,从而将棘爪186旋 转到脱离或开锁位置186A。控制器116可以通过使动力致动器192将棘爪186从闭锁或接合 位置186B旋转到开锁构造或位置186A,将动力闩锁106开锁到开锁构造或状态。然而,应当 理解,如图6所示,可运用各种类型的动力闩锁,并且动力闩锁106无需包括卡爪180和动力 棘爪186。例如,动力致动器192可以运用除棘爪186之外的机械设备与卡爪180可操作地互 连,从而将动力闩锁106在闭锁状态和开锁状态之间移动。通常,如果动力闩锁106处于开锁 状态,则车辆门10可以拉开,但是当动力闩锁106处于闭锁状态或构造时,动力闩锁1〇6将车 辆门10保持在闭合位置。
[0034] 进一步参考图7,闩锁系统125可包括驾驶员侧前部动力闩锁106A、乘客侧前部动 力闩锁106B、驾驶员侧后部动力闩锁l〇6C和后乘客侧动力闩锁106D。动力闩锁106A至106D 配置成选择性地将对应的车辆1的驾驶员和乘客前后门保持在闭合位置。每个动力闩锁 l〇6A至106D可分别包括控制器11M至116D,其连接到包括网线11SA至118D在内的中速数据 网络118。控制器116A至116D优选地是可编程控制器,但是可包括配置成提供期望的操作逻 辑的电路。数据网络118可包括根据己知行业标准操作的中速控制器局域网(“MS-CAN”)。数 据网络118提供控制器116A至116D与数字逻辑控制器(“DLC")网关120之间的数据连通。DLC 网关12〇可操作地连接到第一数据网络I22和第二数据网络124。第一数据网络122可包括第 一高速控制器局域网(“HS1-CAN”),并且第二数据网络1M可包括第二高速控制器局域网 (“HS2-CAN”)。数据网络122和124可根据已知的行业标准进行操作。第一数据网络122连接 到仪表板组(“IPC”)126、约束件控制模块(“RCM”)I28和动力传动系统控制模块(“PCM”) 130<>RCM 128运用来自加速度传感器的数据确定是否发生了碰撞事件。RCM 128可配置成在 检测到碰撞时部署乘客约束件和/或关闭车辆在通风口中的燃料供应。RCM 128可配置成如 果发生碰撞,则产生紧急通知系统(“ENS”)信号。ENS信号可通过数据网络122和124中的一 个或两个(优选地为两者)传输。RCM还优选地通过电线(未示出)直接(“硬接线”)连接到每 个动力闩锁l〇6A至106D,使得即使数据网络122和124不可操作,动力闩锁106A至106D也接 收ENS信号。第一高速数据网络122还可连接到显示屏132,显示屏132可位于车辆内部以向 车辆乘员提供视觉显示。第二高速数据网络124可操作地连接到防抱死制动器(“ABS”)模块 134,模块134包括测量车辆速度的传感器。
[0035]系统125还包括连接到第一高速数据网络122的车身控制模块(“BCM”)140。车身控 制模块140还通过数据线13M至136D可操作地连接到动力闩锁106A至106D。控制器116A至 11印还可分别通过诸如电线156A至156D的电导体直接连接(“硬接线”)到控制模块140。电 线15eA至15仙可在控制器116A至116D和控制器140之间提供冗余数据连接,或者电线156A 至156D可包括控制器1WA至116D和控制器140之间的唯一数据连接。控制模块140还可以可 操作地互连到传感器(未示出),如果车辆门半开,则传感器给控制模块140发信号。控制模 块140还连接到诸如电池148的主车辆电源。每个动力闩锁106A至106D可通过连接器150A至 150D连接到主车辆电源148。动力闩锁106A至106D还可包括备用电源152,其可以用于在主 车辆电源(“VPWR”)148的电力供应中断或丢失的情况下致动动力致动器192。备用电源152A 至152D可包括电容器、电池或其它电能存储设备。通常,备用电源152A至152D存储足够的电 能以提供控制器116A至116D的临时操作,并且多次致动动力致动器192,以允许在主电源/ 电池148故障或断开连接的情况下开锁车辆门。
[0036] 每个动力闩锁106A至106D还分别可操作地连接到提供用户输入(开锁请求)的两 极(例如,两极常开或一极常开和一极常闭)内部开锁开关112A至112D。动力闩锁106A至 106D还分别可操作地连接到外部开锁开关154A至154D。控制器116A至116D还可操作地连接 到解锁开关114 (图4)。控制器116A至116D可配置成存储锁状态(“锁定”或“解锁”),并且运 用锁状态控制动力闩锁106A至106D。
[0037] 进一步参考图8,闩锁控制器116 (或主车辆控制器140)可配置成根据程序48进行 操作以允许车辆进入。在50处开始之后,在步骤52,控制器116确定是否已经接收到解锁请 求(例如,无线设备6的无线安全码)。如果没有接收到解锁请求,则控制器116不做任何操 作,如步骤54所示。如果在步骤52接收到解锁请求,则在步骤56,控制器116解锁动力闩锁 56。应当理解,控制器116可具有存储的“锁定”和“解锁”状态,使得解锁步骤56可包括改变 控制器116中的电(存储器)状态或“标记”。此外,应当理解,闩锁控制器116可配置成在解锁 动力闩锁106之前需要接收特定的授权/识别(例如,由无线设备6无线传输的唯一的安全 码)。
[0038]如果在58处接收到开锁请求,则程序继续到步骤62,并且开锁动力闩锁106 (例如, 致动电动马达192 (图6))。如果在步骤58没有接收到开锁请求,则控制器58不采取进一步的 行动。在步骤62之后,在步骤64,控制器116通过致动电动马达24致动动力门推进器机构,并 且控制器116监测柱塞22的电流和位置。然后,程序继续到步骤66,并且控制器116根据需要 调整脉宽调制(PWM)。如果可以,控制器116可配置成将柱塞22保持在目标速度。然而,应当 理解,控制器116可配置为根据其他预定标准运用PWM (或其他合适的方式)控制柱塞22。 [0039] 如步骤68所示,如果柱塞在到达完全延伸位置之前停止,则如在步骤70所示,控制 器116缩回柱塞。如果柱塞22到达完全延伸位置(步骤72),则控制器lifi缩回-塞 剛应当理解,在不脱离本发明的概念^况 改,并且进一步应当理解,旨在通过以下权利要求涵1111 枝心,除 确说明。

Claims (20)

1. 一种装置,包括: 车辆门,所述车辆门具有构造成可枢转地安装至车辆车身结构的第一侧边缘部分以及 与所述第一侧边缘部分相对的第二侧边缘部分;无把手车辆门包括动力闩锁机构,所述动 力闩锁机构具有第一电动致动器,所述第一电动致动器可致动以开锁所述闩锁机构,以允 许所述车辆门打开;并且其中,所述车辆门包括没有外部门把手的外侧; 动力门推进器机构,所述动力门推进器机构包括柱塞和第二电动致动器,所述第二电 动致动器可致动以将所述柱塞在缩回位置和延伸位置之间移动; 控制器,所述控制器配置成: 致动所述第一电动致动器以开锁所述闩锁机构; 第一次致动所述第二电动致动器以将所述柱塞从所述缩回位置移动到所述延伸位置, 以打开所述车辆门;以及 当所述门打开时第二次致动所述第二电动致动器以将所述柱塞从所述延伸位置移动 到所述缩回位置。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中: 所述动力门推进器机构包括基部和传感器,所述传感器测量所述柱塞相对于所述基部 的位置。
3. 根据权利要求2所述的装置,其中: 所述控制器配置成当第一次致动所述第二电动致动器时,如果所述柱塞未到达所述延 伸位置,则致动所述第二电动致动器以缩回所述柱塞。
4. 根据权利要求2所述的装置,其中: 所述控制器配置成控制由电动马达产生的力。
5. 根据权利要求4所述的装置,其中: 所述控制器配置成: 当所述柱塞从所述缩回位置移动到所述延伸位置时确定所述柱塞的速度;以及 调节由所述电动马达产生的力以保持预定目标速度。
6. 根据权利要求4所述的装置,其中: 所述控制器配置成当所述柱塞处于所述缩回位置时致动所述第二电动致动器以提供 初始力,并且当所述柱塞移动远离所述缩回位置时致动所述第二电动致动器以提供小于所 述初始力的力。
7. 根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中: 所述第二电动致动器包括电动马达。
8. 根据权利要求7所述的装置,其中: 所述控制器配置成运用脉宽调制(PWM)控制所述电动马达。
9. 根据权利要求1所述的装置,包括: 动力窗,所述动力窗包括窗玻璃和第三电动致动器,所述第三电动致动器升高和降低 所述窗;并且其中: 所述控制器配置成在致动所述第二电动致动器以打开所述门之前致动所述第三电动 致动器以降低所述窗玻璃。
10. 根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中: 所述柱塞在所述缩回位置和所述延伸位置之间线性移动。
11. 根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中: 所述门包括与所述外侧相对的内侧; 所述动力门推进器机构包括固定至所述门的基部,并且当所述柱塞处于所述延伸位置 时,所述柱塞从所述门的所述内侧突出。
12. 根据权利要求11所述的装置,其中: 所述动力门推进器机构的所述基部邻近所述门的所述第二侧边缘部分固定至所述门。
13. 根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中: 所述门包括在所述外侧上的开锁传感器; 所述控制器配置成在从所述开锁传感器接收到开锁信号时致动所述第一电动致动器 和所述第二电动致动器。
14. 一种车辆,包括: 车身; 门,所述门可移动地安装至所述车身并且具有动力闩锁和电动致动器,所述电动致动 器将柱塞从所述门的内侧延伸和缩回; 控制器,所述控制器开锁所述动力闩锁并且致动所述电动致动器,使得所述柱塞接触 所述车身并且将所述门推开,随后致动所述电动致动器以缩回所述柱塞。
15. 根据权利要求14所述的车辆,其中: 所述门可旋转地安装至所述车身。
16. 根据权利要求14所述的车辆,其中: 所述门包括外侧边缘,当所述柱塞延伸时,所述外侧边缘与所述车身间隔开约20mm至 250mm以限定间隙,由此用户可将一部分手插入到所述间隙中以拉开所述门。
17. 根据权利要求14所述的车辆,其中: 所述控制器配置成致动所述电动致动器以在必要时提供增大的力以移动所述门。
18. 根据权利要求17所述的车辆,其中: 所述柱塞可在缩回位置和完全延伸位置之间移动;并且 所述控制器配置成如果所述柱塞上的负载超过预定最大值,则致动所述电动致动器并 且在所述柱塞到达所述完全延伸位置之前缩回所述柱塞。
19. 根据权利要求14所述的车辆,其中: 所述门不具有当所述门关闭时可接近的外部把手,使得所述柱塞必须延伸以至少部分 地打开所述门,以使用户能够抓握所述门的边缘。
20. —种在不抓握车辆的外部把手的情况下将车辆门从所述车辆的外侧打开的方法, 所述方法包括: 使动力门闩锁解锁并且开锁; 使所述门上的电动致动器致动并且将柱塞从所述门的内侧延伸,使得所述柱塞推动所 述车辆的车身并且部分地打开所述门,以在所述门的边缘和所述车辆的所述车身之间形成 间隙; 将一部分手插入所述间隙中并且拉动所述门以使所述门进一步移动打开; 使所述门上的所述电动致动器致动并且在所述门打开时缩回所述柱塞。
CN201710657418.3A 2016-08-04 2017-08-03 用于车辆门的动力驱动门推进器 Pending CN107687299A (zh)

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US20180363354A1 (en) 2018-12-20
US10941603B2 (en) 2021-03-09
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US10697224B2 (en) 2020-06-30
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US20200208457A1 (en) 2020-07-02
US20180038147A1 (en) 2018-02-08

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