CN102742433A - Method for cultivating pollution-free cucumbers - Google Patents

Method for cultivating pollution-free cucumbers Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102742433A
CN102742433A CN201210198198XA CN201210198198A CN102742433A CN 102742433 A CN102742433 A CN 102742433A CN 201210198198X A CN201210198198X A CN 201210198198XA CN 201210198198 A CN201210198198 A CN 201210198198A CN 102742433 A CN102742433 A CN 102742433A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
days
liquid
soil
spray
seedling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201210198198XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102742433B (en
Inventor
张国前
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BENGBU SEA BRIGHT PEARL AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BENGBU SEA BRIGHT PEARL AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BENGBU SEA BRIGHT PEARL AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical BENGBU SEA BRIGHT PEARL AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201210198198 priority Critical patent/CN102742433B/en
Publication of CN102742433A publication Critical patent/CN102742433A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102742433B publication Critical patent/CN102742433B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Landscapes

  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cultivating pollution-free cucumbers. The method comprises steps of soil selection, soil preparation, seed selection, cultivation, transplantation, fix planting, management after the fix planting, prevention and cure of diseases and insect pests, fertilization and fruit harvest. Standards and requirements of pollution-free crop planting are implemented strictly in accordance with environment quality requirements, cultivation technical measures, fertilization principles and methods and methods and principles of prevention and cure of diseases and insect pests, a Chinese herbal medicine fertilizer is applied in the seedbed sterilization and the prevention and the cure of diseases and insect pests, the usage amount of conventional pesticides is reduced, the pesticide residue is also reduced, and pollution-free requirements are met. By the aid of the method, harvested cucumbers are uniform in size and smooth in cucumber peel, the yield is high, the quality is good and no pesticide residue exists.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of nuisanceless cucumber
Technical field
The present invention relates to the agricultural product cultivation field, be specifically related to the cultivation method of a kind of nuisanceless cucumber.
Background technology
Cucumber also is green cucumber, perverse melon, Curcurbitaceae annual herb plant.Cucumber cultivation is with a long history, and bright Li Shizhen (1518-1593 A.D.) Compendium of Material Medica the 28th volume " dish portion three cucumbers " carries: " Zhang Qian must plant the Western Regions, so the name cucumber. " plants extensively, is worldwide vegetables.Stem is elongated, and tool is indulged rib, is lacked bristle, and tendril is branch not.Peponidium, long and narrow circle or cylindrical.Flower, the fruit phase 5-9 month.Color was dark green when cucumber was tender, so some areas are claimed green cucumber again, meeting yellowing behind the elder.Cucumber plant is tender, and stem drapes over one's shoulders hair and succulence, and leaf is by fine hair, 3~5 pieces of slivers of tool; Give birth to paniculate tendril on the stem, edge frame climbing by this.Cucumber needs maximum heats in the common vegetables.In Northern Europe, extensively built is cultivated in the greenhouse.In the U.S. area that has a moderate climate, do the field crop plantation and plant in garden.Normally behind the excess planting seedling thinning to proper density.The Guangzhou cucumber cultivation is longer season in China, and outdoor cropping can reach more than 9 months, utilizes facility cultivation to reach and produces in the anniversary and supply, and ten thousand mu of year cultivated area 5-10 are one of important vegetables of city's pin and outlet.
A large amount of chemical fertilizer, traditional agricultural chemicals of using in the traditional planting technology, the cucumber that causes output is along with farming is residual more, and the people often uses such cucumber can bring side effect to health.
Summary of the invention
The invention discloses the cultivation method of a kind of nuisanceless cucumber, adopt nuisanceless planting technology cucumber from choosing ground to fertilising, the several aspects of the extermination of disease and insect pest, institute's cucumber fruits of gather in the crops is big or small even, and epidermis is smooth, and is pollution-free, and commodity increases substantially.
For realizing that above-mentioned purpose the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
The cultivation method of a kind of nuisanceless cucumber is characterized in that: specifically comprise following content:
(1) mu is educated in seed selection: select disease-resistant worm, strong stress resistance, wide adaptability, commodity is good, output is high cucumber improved seeds,
1. build the bed of growing seedlings, select physical features drying, ventilation, well-drained pollution-free plot to build the bed of growing seedlings,
The preparation of a, nutrition soil:
Seedling bed earth mixes in proportion with land for growing field crops soil and the high-quality fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and then by adding the plain 0.8-1.2kg that grows seedlings in every cubic metre of seedling bed earth again, land for growing field crops soil and high-quality are become thoroughly decomposed the mixed weight of fertilizer than being (60-70): (30-40);
B, seedling bed earth sterilization
Nutrition soil to preparing carries out disinfection, and concrete disinfectant measure is: in nutrition soil, admix the mixture of 25% metalaxyl and mancozeb, the mixed proportion of the two is 1:1-1.1, and the amount of admixing is 8-10 g/m 3, the medicine soil after mixing covers with plastic foil, uses after 4-5 days again;
2. seed treatment is removed flat grain, seed is put into 50-60 ℃ of hot water constantly be stirred to water temperature and reduce to about 30 ℃; Stop to stir, let seed continue to soak after 5-7 hour and pull out, be soaked in the thimerosal again and carry out disinfection; Different thimerosals are selected different disinfecting time, and described thimerosal is 500 times of liquid of carbendazim dilution or 300 times of liquid of formalin dilution, uses 500 times of liquid soak times of carbendazim dilution to be 5-6 minute; 300 times of liquid of formalin dilution soaked 1-1.5 hour;
Figure 260902DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
vernalization
Sterile seed is got rid of moisture, wrapped under 25 ℃~30 ℃ conditions vernalization 22-25 hour,, again seed was deposited 1 day~2 days under 0 ℃~2 ℃ conditions, can sow when bud exposes 1mm~2mm with wet cloth;
Figure 201210198198X100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
sowing: the above-mentioned preparation and 2/3 of bed medicine soil of growing seedlings that disinfects are paved in the bed of growing seedlings; Just urged the seed of bud evenly to put on medicine soil then; Cover seed with remaining medicine soil again; About 3cm~the 4cm of cladding thickness; Use again with new high fat film 600---800 times of liquid spraying soil surfaces, high and new technology industrial development zone, Weinan, Shaanxi Province short flower king Science and Technology Ltd. provides
Figure 201210198198X100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE006
graft seedling growth
A, grafting method
Stock is used black seed pumpkin, and the cultivated species cucumber is used in scion, and sowing the last week is proposed in scion, scion a slice true leaf, and grafting when the stock cotyledon launches, grafting method is to be abutted against;
Management after b, the grafting
Add a cover hut after the grafting and shelter from heat or light, control temperature of shed and humidity, requirement; Temperature: on 22 ℃~28 ℃ of daytimes, at 18 ℃~16 ℃ of nights, humidity keeps more than 95%; During this time and spray spraying of 700~800 times of liquid of 75% tpn wetting powder or the spraying of homemade Chinese herbal medicine fluid, described Chinese herbal medicine fluid adopts following method to process: the dried silkworm excrement 10-15 of component, coptis 5-8, rheum officinale 2-3, kuh-seng 10-12, Swamp Mahogany Leaf 8-10, the Chinese scholartree root 8-10 of following weight portion are added 10-15 times of weight water after mixing, boil with vigorous fire; Boiled 30-40 minutes with slow fire then, the cool filtered through gauze of using of drying in the air, filtrating adds water again and is mixed with dilution for 100-150 times; Spraying is seen light after 4 days, the reduction temperature of leaking informaton for a short time after 6~7 days gradually; Wound healing gets into normal management after 10 days, in time falls disease worm seedling, small and weak seedling and variation seedling;
(2) transplant planting:
1. whole ground bedding is ploughed back button canopy to soil, utilizes disinfecting soil 6-7 days, uses chlorothalonil smoke then, per 667 square metres of 300g, and vexed canopy diel leaks informaton again, executes high-quality barnyard manure 7000-8000kg/667 ㎡ again, plans bedding then, the good seeding row spacing of cloth;
When field planting is in good time arrived 9-11cm when the length of the seedling in the seedbed; Ambient-temp-stable is more than 12 ℃ the time; With the seedling replanting field planting in the above-mentioned plot of land of putting in order, plantation density: per 667 square metre of 3200 strain~4000 strains; Customization mode: north and south row;
(3) management after the field planting
The adjustment of
Figure 201210198198X100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE010
plant
Melon seedling after the field planting by conventional requirement, in time removes tendril after growth a period of time, and eunuchs are tied up climingly, pluck Routine Managements such as Lao Ye;
The management of
Figure 429189DEST_PATH_IMAGE008
temperature, humidity
Melon seedling to after the field planting will water as required, the hydrofuge that in time leaks informaton after watering, and temperature adjustment, requirement, day temperature is controlled at 25~30 ℃, and in 8~11 ℃ of evenings, humidity is controlled at 50-85%;
Figure 201210198198X100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE012
fertilizing management
Combining before the field planting ploughs executes the high-quality barnyard manure, combines to water dressing fertilizer again to the knot melon phase, adopts chemical fertilizer and fertilizer (cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, particle chicken manure etc.) biological medicine fertilizer to be used alternatingly, urea 10~15 kg/667 ㎡ at every turn, fertilizer 40-50 kg/667 ㎡; Melon is contained the phase, and is every at a distance from the urea of 4~5 days foliage-sprays 0.5% and 0.2% phosphoric acid dioxy potassium,
The weight portion of the constitutive material of described biological medicine fertilizer is: Platycarya strobilacea 8-10; Horse chestnut 8-10; Golden Larch Bark 8-10; Rhizoma nardostachyos 8-10; Tuber of stemona 8-10; Chrysanthemum cinesariaefolium 8-10; Coptis 8-10; Withy 8-10; Chilli seed 8-10; Fortune paulownia flower 8-10; Paulownia sawdust 8-10; Yew 8-10; Anemone vitifolia 8-10; Wilson passionflower herb 8-10; Swamp Mahogany Leaf 8-10; Chinese scholartree root 8-10; Yew 8-10; Fructus Gleditsiae microcarpae 8-10; David poplar root-bark 8-10; Chinese wild pepper 8-10; Lindley Butterflybush Herb 8-10; Embelia subcoridcea (C. B. Cl.) Mez 8-10; Cassia twig 8-10; Windproof 8-10; Elscholtiza 8-10; Chrysanthemum 8-10; Schizonepeta 8-10; Purple perilla 8-10; Mulberry leaf 8-10; Field pennycress 8-10; Sargent gloryvine 8-10; Radix Isatidis 8-10; Herba Andrographitis 8-10; Cordate houttuynia 8-10
During preparation, by the extract mixing of each weight portion, perhaps by mixing after each weight portion coarse crushing; Water or 70-75% ethanol or extracted by ether secondary; Obtain extract medicinal extract, drying is ground preservation into powder, during use; With the alcoholic solution dissolving, convert 800-1200 times of water spray again or also can directly convert 800-1200 times of water spray earlier;
(4) extermination of disease and insect pest
Figure 201210198198X100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE014
preventive measure
A, physical control
(a) residual tree is lost leaf and weeds are cleaned out, concentrate and carry out nuisanceless processing, keep the rural area cleaning;
(b) in the greenhouse or the place of leaking informaton mouthful of booth; If fly net or extension silver gray film bar are kept away aphid, also available yellow plate trapping, method is to be cut into the rectangular of 100cm * 20cm with waste and old fibre or cardboard; Colored yellow paint; Be coated with last layer machine oil simultaneously, hang in the ranks or between strain, after sticking insect, be coated with last layer machine oil again;
B, nutritional prevention
(a) when plant strain growth to the middle and later periods, spray nutritious liquor on plant, 1% glucose or sucrose also can spray sugared nitrogen liquid, described spray sugar nitrogen liquid is that 1% sugar+0.5% urea is formed or sprayed by sugar, nitrogen, vinegar liquid that 1% sugar+1% vinegar+0.5% urea is made into;
(b) get into the knot melon phase and will increase and execute carbonic acid gas, with carbon-dioxide generator or contain 10% dilute sulfuric acid with Plastic Drum and add the carbon ammonium, 10% dilute sulfuric acid: the weight ratio of carbon ammonium is 2.5:1;
C, bionomic control
(a) regulate the Temperature and Humidity Control morbidity
Leaked informaton 1 hour morning when daily mean temperature was stabilized in 10 ℃~13 ℃, closes canopy then and heat up, and the morning, temperature was controlled at 25 ℃~32 ℃, leak informaton after before midday, and 20~25 ℃ of canopy room temperatures, humidity reduces to 50%~60%;
Figure 201210198198X100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE016
treatment measure
A, the treatment measure when downy mildew takes place:
(a) the vexed canopy of high temperature
When downy mildew takes place when, can adopt the vexed canopy of high temperature, water primary water the previous day in processing, 2 hours vexed canopy time, 45-46 ℃ of canopy temperature in time leaked informaton then, and be once vexed again at a distance from 4 days~5 days;
(b) chemical control
A) fumigation
Their early stage carries out sootiness with the per 667 square metres of 250g~300g of 45% chlorothalonil smoke, looks state of an illness weight smoked 3 times~4 times;
B) soot technique
With the anilazine pulvis of 5% tpn pulvis or 10% dirt that dusts, spray even in the airtight canopy;
C) spraying
800 times~1000 times liquid of Pu Like with 72.2% and 72% Du Pont gram reveals the spraying by turns of two kinds of soups of 800 times of liquid, according to the state of an illness general 3 times~4 times;
B, the treatment measure when powdery mildew takes place:
(a) fumigation
When powdery mildew takes place, can carry out sootiness with 45% chlorothalonil smoke, per 667 square metres of medication 250g~300g;
(b) spraying
The powdery mildew their early stage is with 1500 times of 15% triadimefon wetting powders or 800 times of liquid sprayings of 50% thiophanate methyl, and per 6 days~7 days once, sprays 3 times~4 times;
C, the treatment measure when gray mold takes place
(a) sootiness
When gray mold takes place, carry out sootiness with 45% chlorothalonil smoke, per 667 square metres of medication 250g~300g;
(b) dust
Per 667 square metres of 1kg dust with Sukeling powder Boston, and per 6 days~7 days once, connect to spray 3 times~4 times;
(c) spraying
Spray for 1000 times with 2000 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder or 50% sharp mould health, whenever once, connect and spray 2 times~3 times, medication by turns at a distance from 7 days;
D, the treatment measure when the aphid disease takes place
With 1500 times of sprayings of 10% Imidacloprid watermelon blade face, 7 days once, connects to spray 2 times~3 times;
E, the treatment measure when the white powder pediculosis takes place
When insect density was low, 1500 times~2000 times liquid of available 25% buprofezin wetting powder sprayed;
(5) results
Accomplish timely harvesting, the cucumber quality should meet NY5074-2005 mark regulation, and packing, transportation, storage want clean, and health is pollution-free.
 
The present invention has following clear superiority:
1: the environment of cucumber growth is pollution-free, and the kind of selection is good, the cucumber fruits of gathering in the crops size evenly, epidermis is smooth, commodity increases substantially;
2: the consumption of the fertilizer of using is few, and what the Chinese herbal medicine medicine was fertile uses, and has both reduced agricultural residually, is beneficial to cucumber growth again and obtains high yield;
3: good kind, the use that the Chinese herbal medicine medicine is fertile improves the disease resistance of cucumber, and the whole growth phase, used agricultural chemicals reduced greatly, had further reduced agricultural residual.
    
Embodiment
The cultivation method of a kind of nuisanceless cucumber specifically comprises following content:
(1) mu is educated in seed selection: select disease-resistant worm, strong stress resistance, wide adaptability, commodity is good, output is high cucumber improved seeds,
1. build the bed of growing seedlings, select physical features drying, ventilation, well-drained pollution-free plot to build the bed of growing seedlings,
The preparation of a, nutrition soil:
Seedling bed earth mixes in proportion with land for growing field crops soil and the high-quality fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and then by adding the plain 0.8-1.2kg that grows seedlings in every cubic metre of seedling bed earth again, land for growing field crops soil and high-quality are become thoroughly decomposed the mixed weight of fertilizer than being (60-70): (30-40);
B, seedling bed earth sterilization
Nutrition soil to preparing carries out disinfection, and concrete disinfectant measure is: in nutrition soil, admix the mixture of 25% metalaxyl and mancozeb, the mixed proportion of the two is 1:1-1.1, and the amount of admixing is 8-10 g/m 3, the medicine soil after mixing covers with plastic foil, uses after 4-5 days again;
2. seed treatment is removed flat grain, seed is put into 50-60 ℃ of hot water constantly be stirred to water temperature and reduce to about 30 ℃; Stop to stir, let seed continue to soak after 5-7 hour and pull out, be soaked in the thimerosal again and carry out disinfection; Different thimerosals are selected different disinfecting time, and described thimerosal is 500 times of liquid of carbendazim dilution or 300 times of liquid of formalin dilution, uses 500 times of liquid soak times of carbendazim dilution to be 5-6 minute; 300 times of liquid of formalin dilution soaked 1-1.5 hour;
Figure 575131DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
vernalization
Sterile seed is got rid of moisture, wrapped under 25 ℃~30 ℃ conditions vernalization 22-25 hour,, again seed was deposited 1 day~2 days under 0 ℃~2 ℃ conditions, can sow when bud exposes 1mm~2mm with wet cloth;
Figure 389503DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
sowing: the above-mentioned preparation and 2/3 of bed medicine soil of growing seedlings that disinfects are paved in the bed of growing seedlings; Just urged the seed of bud evenly to put on medicine soil then; Cover seed with remaining medicine soil again; About 3cm~the 4cm of cladding thickness; Use again with new high fat film 600---800 times of liquid spraying soil surfaces, high and new technology industrial development zone, Weinan, Shaanxi Province short flower king Science and Technology Ltd. provides
Figure 87332DEST_PATH_IMAGE006
graft seedling growth
A, grafting method
Stock is used black seed pumpkin, and the cultivated species cucumber is used in scion, and sowing the last week is proposed in scion, scion a slice true leaf, and grafting when the stock cotyledon launches, grafting method is to be abutted against;
Management after b, the grafting
Add a cover hut after the grafting and shelter from heat or light, control temperature of shed and humidity, requirement; Temperature: on 22 ℃~28 ℃ of daytimes, at 18 ℃~16 ℃ of nights, humidity keeps more than 95%; During this time and spray spraying of 700~800 times of liquid of 75% tpn wetting powder or the spraying of homemade Chinese herbal medicine fluid, described Chinese herbal medicine fluid adopts following method to process: the dried silkworm excrement 10-15 of component, coptis 5-8, rheum officinale 2-3, kuh-seng 10-12, Swamp Mahogany Leaf 8-10, the Chinese scholartree root 8-10 of following weight portion are added 10-15 times of weight water after mixing, boil with vigorous fire; Boiled 30-40 minutes with slow fire then, the cool filtered through gauze of using of drying in the air, filtrating adds water again and is mixed with dilution for 100-150 times; Spraying is seen light after 4 days, the reduction temperature of leaking informaton for a short time after 6~7 days gradually; Wound healing gets into normal management after 10 days, in time falls disease worm seedling, small and weak seedling and variation seedling;
(2) transplant planting:
1. whole ground bedding is ploughed back button canopy to soil, utilizes disinfecting soil 6-7 days, uses chlorothalonil smoke then, per 667 square metres of 300g, and vexed canopy diel leaks informaton again, executes high-quality barnyard manure 7000-8000kg/667 ㎡ again, plans bedding then, the good seeding row spacing of cloth;
When field planting is in good time arrived 9-11cm when the length of the seedling in the seedbed; Ambient-temp-stable is more than 12 ℃ the time; With the seedling replanting field planting in the above-mentioned plot of land of putting in order, plantation density: per 667 square metre of 3200 strain~4000 strains; Customization mode: north and south row;
(3) management after the field planting
The adjustment of
Figure 428631DEST_PATH_IMAGE010
plant
Melon seedling after the field planting by conventional requirement, in time removes tendril after growth a period of time, and eunuchs are tied up climingly, pluck Routine Managements such as Lao Ye;
The management of
Figure 97510DEST_PATH_IMAGE008
temperature, humidity
Melon seedling to after the field planting will water as required, the hydrofuge that in time leaks informaton after watering, and temperature adjustment, requirement, day temperature is controlled at 25~30 ℃, and in 8~11 ℃ of evenings, humidity is controlled at 50-85%;
Figure 779289DEST_PATH_IMAGE012
fertilizing management
Combining before the field planting ploughs executes the high-quality barnyard manure, combines to water dressing fertilizer again to the knot melon phase, adopts chemical fertilizer and fertilizer to be used alternatingly, urea 10~15 kg/667 ㎡ at every turn, fertilizer 40-50 kg/667 ㎡; Melon is contained the phase, and is every at a distance from the urea of 4~5 days foliage-sprays 0.5% and 0.2% phosphoric acid dioxy potassium,
(4) extermination of disease and insect pest
Figure 222034DEST_PATH_IMAGE014
preventive measure
A, physical control
(a) residual tree is lost leaf and weeds are cleaned out, concentrate and carry out nuisanceless processing, keep the rural area cleaning;
(b) in the greenhouse or the place of leaking informaton mouthful of booth; If fly net or extension silver gray film bar are kept away aphid, also available yellow plate trapping, method is to be cut into the rectangular of 100cm * 20cm with waste and old fibre or cardboard; Colored yellow paint; Be coated with last layer machine oil simultaneously, hang in the ranks or between strain, after sticking insect, be coated with last layer machine oil again;
D, nutritional prevention
(a) when plant strain growth to the middle and later periods, spray nutritious liquor on plant, 1% glucose or sucrose also can spray sugared nitrogen liquid, described spray sugar nitrogen liquid is that 1% sugar+0.5% urea is formed or sprayed by sugar, nitrogen, vinegar liquid that 1% sugar+1% vinegar+0.5% urea is made into;
(b) get into the knot melon phase and will increase and execute carbonic acid gas, with carbon-dioxide generator or contain 10% dilute sulfuric acid with Plastic Drum and add the carbon ammonium, 10% dilute sulfuric acid: the weight ratio of carbon ammonium is 2.5:1;
E, bionomic control
(a) regulate the Temperature and Humidity Control morbidity
Leaked informaton 1 hour morning when daily mean temperature was stabilized in 10 ℃~13 ℃, closes canopy then and heat up, and the morning, temperature was controlled at 25 ℃~32 ℃, leak informaton after before midday, and 20~25 ℃ of canopy room temperatures, humidity reduces to 50%~60%;
Figure 21363DEST_PATH_IMAGE016
treatment measure
B, the treatment measure when downy mildew takes place:
(a) the vexed canopy of high temperature
When downy mildew takes place when, can adopt the vexed canopy of high temperature, water primary water the previous day in processing, 2 hours vexed canopy time, 45-46 ℃ of canopy temperature in time leaked informaton then, and be once vexed again at a distance from 4 days~5 days;
(b) chemical control
A) fumigation
Their early stage carries out sootiness with the per 667 square metres of 250g~300g of 45% chlorothalonil smoke, looks state of an illness weight smoked 3 times~4 times;
B) soot technique
With the anilazine pulvis of 5% tpn pulvis or 10% dirt that dusts, spray even in the airtight canopy;
C) spraying
800 times~1000 times liquid of Pu Like with 72.2% and 72% Du Pont gram reveal 800 times of liquid; The spraying by turns of the fertile three kinds of soups of Chinese herbal medicine medicine; According to the state of an illness general 3 times~4 times; The weight portion of the constitutive material that described Chinese herbal medicine medicine is fertile is: Platycarya strobilacea 8-10; Horse chestnut 8-10; Golden Larch Bark 8-10; Rhizoma nardostachyos 8-10; Tuber of stemona 8-10; Chrysanthemum cinesariaefolium 8-10; Coptis 8-10; Withy 8-10; Chilli seed 8-10; Fortune paulownia flower 8-10; Paulownia sawdust 8-10; Yew 8-10; Anemone vitifolia 8-10; Wilson passionflower herb 8-10; Swamp Mahogany Leaf 8-10; Chinese scholartree root 8-10; Yew 8-10; Fructus Gleditsiae microcarpae 8-10; David poplar root-bark 8-10; Chinese wild pepper 8-10; Lindley Butterflybush Herb 8-10; Embelia subcoridcea (C. B. Cl.) Mez 8-10; Cassia twig 8-10; Windproof 8-10; Elscholtiza 8-10; Chrysanthemum 8-10; Schizonepeta 8-10; Purple perilla 8-10; Mulberry leaf 8-10; Field pennycress 8-10; Sargent gloryvine 8-10; Radix Isatidis 8-10; Herba Andrographitis 8-10; Cordate houttuynia 8-10
During preparation, by the extract mixing of each weight portion, perhaps by mixing after each weight portion coarse crushing; Water or 70-75% ethanol or extracted by ether secondary; Obtain extract medicinal extract, drying is ground preservation into powder, during use; With the alcoholic solution dissolving, convert 800-1200 times of water spray again or also can directly convert 800-1200 times of water spray earlier;
B, the treatment measure when powdery mildew takes place:
(a) fumigation
When powdery mildew takes place, can carry out sootiness with 45% chlorothalonil smoke, per 667 square metres of medication 250g~300g;
(b) spraying
The powdery mildew their early stage is with 1500 times of 15% triadimefon wetting powders or 800 times of liquid of 50% thiophanate methyl or special fertile 100-200 times of water spray of Chinese herbal medicine medicine; Per 6 days~7 days once; Spray 3 times~4 times; The weight portion of the constituent that described Chinese herbal medicine medicine is fertile is: dried silkworm excrement 10-15, coptis 5-8, rheum officinale 2-3, kuh-seng 10-12, Swamp Mahogany Leaf 8-10, Chinese scholartree root 8-10 add 10-15 times of weight water after mixing, and boil with vigorous fire, boil 30-40 minutes with slow fire then; Filtered through gauze is used in the cold of drying in the air, and filtrating adds water again and is mixed with dilution for 100-200 times;
C, the treatment measure when gray mold takes place
(a) sootiness
When gray mold takes place, carry out sootiness with 45% chlorothalonil smoke, per 667 square metres of medication 250g~300g;
(b) dust
Per 667 square metres of 1kg dust with Sukeling powder Boston, and per 6 days~7 days once, connect to spray 3 times~4 times;
(c) spraying
Spray for 1000 times with 2000 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder or 50% sharp mould health, whenever once, connect and spray 2 times~3 times, medication by turns at a distance from 7 days;
D, the treatment measure when the aphid disease takes place
With 1500 times of sprayings of 10% Imidacloprid watermelon blade face, 7 days once, connects to spray 2 times~3 times;
E, the treatment measure when the white powder pediculosis takes place
When insect density was low, 1500 times~2000 times liquid of available 25% buprofezin wetting powder sprayed;
(5) results
Accomplish timely harvesting, the cucumber quality should meet NY5074-2005 mark regulation, and packing, transportation, storage want clean, and health is pollution-free.

Claims (1)

1. the cultivation method of a nuisanceless cucumber is characterized in that: specifically comprise following content:
(1) mu is educated in seed selection: select disease-resistant worm, strong stress resistance, wide adaptability, commodity is good, output is high cucumber improved seeds,
1. build the bed of growing seedlings, select physical features drying, ventilation, well-drained pollution-free plot to build the bed of growing seedlings,
The preparation of a, nutrition soil:
Seedling bed earth mixes in proportion with land for growing field crops soil and the high-quality fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and then by adding the plain 0.8-1.2kg that grows seedlings in every cubic metre of seedling bed earth again, land for growing field crops soil and high-quality are become thoroughly decomposed the mixed weight of fertilizer than being (60-70): (30-40);
B, seedling bed earth sterilization
Nutrition soil to preparing carries out disinfection, and concrete disinfectant measure is: in nutrition soil, admix the mixture of 25% metalaxyl and mancozeb, the mixed proportion of the two is 1:1-1.1, and the amount of admixing is 8-10 g/m 3, the medicine soil after mixing covers with plastic foil, uses after 4-5 days again;
2. seed treatment is removed flat grain, seed is put into 50-60 ℃ of hot water constantly be stirred to water temperature and reduce to about 30 ℃; Stop to stir, let seed continue to soak after 5-7 hour and pull out, be soaked in the thimerosal again and carry out disinfection; Different thimerosals are selected different disinfecting time; Described thimerosal is 500 times of liquid of carbendazim dilution or 300 times of liquid of formalin dilution, uses 500 times of liquid soak times of carbendazim dilution to be 5-6 minute, and 300 times of liquid of formalin dilution soaked 1-1.5 hour;
Figure 201210198198X100001DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
vernalization
Sterile seed is got rid of moisture, wrapped under 25 ℃~30 ℃ conditions vernalization 22-25 hour,, again seed was deposited 1 day~2 days under 0 ℃~2 ℃ conditions, can sow when bud exposes 1mm~2mm with wet cloth;
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
sowing: the above-mentioned preparation and 2/3 of bed medicine soil of growing seedlings that disinfects are paved in the bed of growing seedlings; Just urged the seed of bud evenly to put on medicine soil then; Cover seed with remaining medicine soil again; About 3cm~the 4cm of cladding thickness; Use again with new high fat film 600---800 times of liquid spraying soil surfaces, high and new technology industrial development zone, Weinan, Shaanxi Province short flower king Science and Technology Ltd. provides
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE006
graft seedling growth
A, grafting method
Stock is used black seed pumpkin, and the cultivated species cucumber is used in scion, and sowing the last week is proposed in scion, scion a slice true leaf, and grafting when the stock cotyledon launches, grafting method is to be abutted against;
Management after b, the grafting
Add a cover hut after the grafting and shelter from heat or light, control temperature of shed and humidity, requirement; Temperature: on 22 ℃~28 ℃ of daytimes, at 18 ℃~16 ℃ of nights, humidity keeps more than 95%; During this time and spray spraying of 700~800 times of liquid of 75% tpn wetting powder or the spraying of homemade Chinese herbal medicine fluid, described Chinese herbal medicine fluid adopts following method to process: the dried silkworm excrement 10-15 of component, coptis 5-8, rheum officinale 2-3, kuh-seng 10-12, Swamp Mahogany Leaf 8-10, the Chinese scholartree root 8-10 of following weight portion are added 10-15 times of weight water after mixing, boil with vigorous fire; Boiled 30-40 minutes with slow fire then, the cool filtered through gauze of using of drying in the air, filtrating adds water again and is mixed with dilution for 100-150 times; Spraying is seen light after 4 days, the reduction temperature of leaking informaton for a short time after 6~7 days gradually; Wound healing gets into normal management after 10 days, in time falls disease worm seedling, small and weak seedling and variation seedling;
(2) transplant planting:
1. whole ground bedding is ploughed back button canopy to soil, utilizes disinfecting soil 6-7 days, uses chlorothalonil smoke then, per 667 square metres of 300g, and vexed canopy diel leaks informaton again, executes high-quality barnyard manure 7000-8000kg/667 ㎡ again, plans bedding then, the good seeding row spacing of cloth;
When field planting is in good time arrived 9-11cm when the length of the seedling in the seedbed; Ambient-temp-stable is more than 12 ℃ the time; With the seedling replanting field planting in the above-mentioned plot of land of putting in order, plantation density: per 667 square metre of 3200 strain~4000 strains; Customization mode: north and south row;
(3) management after the field planting
The adjustment of
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE010
plant
Melon seedling after the field planting by conventional requirement, in time removes tendril after growth a period of time, and eunuchs are tied up climingly, pluck Routine Managements such as Lao Ye;
The management of
Figure 111706DEST_PATH_IMAGE008
temperature, humidity
Melon seedling to after the field planting will water as required, the hydrofuge that in time leaks informaton after watering, and temperature adjustment, requirement, day temperature is controlled at 25~30 ℃, and in 8~11 ℃ of evenings, humidity is controlled at 50-85%;
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE012
fertilizing management
Combining before the field planting ploughs executes the high-quality barnyard manure, combines to water dressing fertilizer again to the knot melon phase, adopts chemical fertilizer and fertilizer (cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, particle chicken manure etc.) biological medicine fertilizer to be used alternatingly, urea 10~15 kg/667 ㎡ at every turn, fertilizer 40-50 kg/667 ㎡; Melon is contained the phase, and is every at a distance from the urea of 4~5 days foliage-sprays 0.5% and 0.2% phosphoric acid dioxy potassium,
The weight portion of the constitutive material of described biological medicine fertilizer is: Platycarya strobilacea 8-10; Horse chestnut 8-10; Golden Larch Bark 8-10; Rhizoma nardostachyos 8-10; Tuber of stemona 8-10; Chrysanthemum cinesariaefolium 8-10; Coptis 8-10; Withy 8-10; Chilli seed 8-10; Fortune paulownia flower 8-10; Paulownia sawdust 8-10; Yew 8-10; Anemone vitifolia 8-10; Wilson passionflower herb 8-10; Swamp Mahogany Leaf 8-10; Chinese scholartree root 8-10; Yew 8-10; Fructus Gleditsiae microcarpae 8-10; David poplar root-bark 8-10; Chinese wild pepper 8-10; Lindley Butterflybush Herb 8-10; Embelia subcoridcea (C. B. Cl.) Mez 8-10; Cassia twig 8-10; Windproof 8-10; Elscholtiza 8-10; Chrysanthemum 8-10; Schizonepeta 8-10; Purple perilla 8-10; Mulberry leaf 8-10; Field pennycress 8-10; Sargent gloryvine 8-10; Radix Isatidis 8-10; Herba Andrographitis 8-10; Cordate houttuynia 8-10
During preparation, by the extract mixing of each weight portion, perhaps by mixing after each weight portion coarse crushing; Water or 70-75% ethanol or extracted by ether secondary; Obtain extract medicinal extract, drying is ground preservation into powder, during use; With the alcoholic solution dissolving, convert 800-1200 times of water spray again or also can directly convert 800-1200 times of water spray earlier;
(4) extermination of disease and insect pest
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE014
preventive measure
A, physical control
(a) residual tree is lost leaf and weeds are cleaned out, concentrate and carry out nuisanceless processing, keep the rural area cleaning;
(b) in the greenhouse or the place of leaking informaton mouthful of booth; If fly net or extension silver gray film bar are kept away aphid, also available yellow plate trapping, method is to be cut into the rectangular of 100cm * 20cm with waste and old fibre or cardboard; Colored yellow paint; Be coated with last layer machine oil simultaneously, hang in the ranks or between strain, after sticking insect, be coated with last layer machine oil again;
Nutritional prevention
(a) when plant strain growth to the middle and later periods, spray nutritious liquor on plant, 1% glucose or sucrose also can spray sugared nitrogen liquid, described spray sugar nitrogen liquid is that 1% sugar+0.5% urea is formed or sprayed by sugar, nitrogen, vinegar liquid that 1% sugar+1% vinegar+0.5% urea is made into;
(b) get into the knot melon phase and will increase and execute carbonic acid gas, with carbon-dioxide generator or contain 10% dilute sulfuric acid with Plastic Drum and add the carbon ammonium, 10% dilute sulfuric acid: the weight ratio of carbon ammonium is 2.5:1;
Bionomic control
(a) regulate the Temperature and Humidity Control morbidity
Leaked informaton 1 hour morning when daily mean temperature was stabilized in 10 ℃~13 ℃, closes canopy then and heat up, and the morning, temperature was controlled at 25 ℃~32 ℃, leak informaton after before midday, and 20~25 ℃ of canopy room temperatures, humidity reduces to 50%~60%;
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE016
treatment measure
Treatment measure when downy mildew takes place:
(a) the vexed canopy of high temperature
When downy mildew takes place when, can adopt the vexed canopy of high temperature, water primary water the previous day in processing, 2 hours vexed canopy time, 45-46 ℃ of canopy temperature in time leaked informaton then, and be once vexed again at a distance from 4 days~5 days;
(b) chemical control
A) fumigation
Their early stage carries out sootiness with the per 667 square metres of 250g~300g of 45% chlorothalonil smoke, looks state of an illness weight smoked 3 times~4 times;
B) soot technique
With the anilazine pulvis of 5% tpn pulvis or 10% dirt that dusts, spray even in the airtight canopy;
C) spraying
800 times~1000 times liquid of Pu Like with 72.2% and 72% Du Pont gram reveals the spraying by turns of two kinds of soups of 800 times of liquid, according to the state of an illness general 3 times~4 times;
B, the treatment measure when powdery mildew takes place:
(a) fumigation
When powdery mildew takes place, can carry out sootiness with 45% chlorothalonil smoke, per 667 square metres of medication 250g~300g;
(b) spraying
The powdery mildew their early stage is with 1500 times of 15% triadimefon wetting powders or 800 times of liquid sprayings of 50% thiophanate methyl, and per 6 days~7 days once, sprays 3 times~4 times;
C, the treatment measure when gray mold takes place
(a) sootiness
When gray mold takes place, carry out sootiness with 45% chlorothalonil smoke, per 667 square metres of medication 250g~300g;
(b) dust
Per 667 square metres of 1kg dust with Sukeling powder Boston, and per 6 days~7 days once, connect to spray 3 times~4 times;
(c) spraying
Spray for 1000 times with 2000 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder or 50% sharp mould health, whenever once, connect and spray 2 times~3 times, medication by turns at a distance from 7 days;
D, the treatment measure when the aphid disease takes place
With 1500 times of sprayings of 10% Imidacloprid watermelon blade face, 7 days once, connects to spray 2 times~3 times;
E, the treatment measure when the white powder pediculosis takes place
When insect density was low, 1500 times~2000 times liquid of available 25% buprofezin wetting powder sprayed;
(5) results
Accomplish timely harvesting, the cucumber quality should meet NY5074-2005 mark regulation, and packing, transportation, storage want clean, and health is pollution-free.
CN 201210198198 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Method for cultivating pollution-free cucumbers Expired - Fee Related CN102742433B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210198198 CN102742433B (en) 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Method for cultivating pollution-free cucumbers

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210198198 CN102742433B (en) 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Method for cultivating pollution-free cucumbers

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102742433A true CN102742433A (en) 2012-10-24
CN102742433B CN102742433B (en) 2013-10-30

Family

ID=47023211

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201210198198 Expired - Fee Related CN102742433B (en) 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Method for cultivating pollution-free cucumbers

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102742433B (en)

Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102870607A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-01-16 句容市旺华大棚蔬菜专业合作社 Method for grafting of cucumber on black-seed pumpkin in Yunnan
CN103300075A (en) * 2013-05-18 2013-09-18 安徽师范大学 Protection composition for seedling transplantation and preparation method thereof
CN103477838A (en) * 2013-09-17 2014-01-01 定远县华怡杨湖种植专业合作社 Pollution-free cucumber planting method
CN103650856A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 张家港市塘桥果艺园 High-yield cultivation method for pollution-free cucumbers
CN103749107A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-04-30 张家港市塘桥果艺园 Three-dimensional high-efficient culture method for greenhouse winter-spring cucumber
CN103798033A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-21 内蒙古田野餐桌现代农业有限责任公司 Cucumber planting method
CN103798022A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-21 和县常久农业发展有限公司 Planting method for cucumbers
CN103828652A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-06-04 固镇县淮鸿灰天鹅养殖专业合作社 Trialeurodes vaporariorum prevention and control method
CN103843593A (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-06-11 山西省农业科学院小麦研究所 Cuttage grafting and seedling growing method for cucumbers
CN103907458A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-07-09 郑兴义 Method for cucumber cultivation with vinegar residue matrix
CN104145727A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Pollution-free cucumber grafting planting method
CN104186155A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-12-10 刘全国 Intensified integrated solar greenhouse environmental-friendly efficient cultivation method for autumn cucumbers grown in winter and spring
CN104186162A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Yield-increase and disease-resistant planting method for cucumbers in solar greenhouse
CN104186192A (en) * 2014-09-24 2014-12-10 张家港市现代农业投资有限公司 High-yield planting method of harmless cucumbers
CN104303768A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-28 重庆市锣楠蔬菜种植专业合作社 Pollution-free vegetable planting method
CN104429509A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-25 安徽省龙海种业有限公司 Method for pre-cultivation management of solar greenhouse winter-crossing cucumbers
CN104472155A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-04-01 安徽省龙海种业有限公司 Method of performing field management on winter-crossing cucumbers in sunlight greenhouse
CN104719049A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-06-24 贵州百灵企业集团制药股份有限公司 Saxifraga-stolonifera-meerb greenhouse-planting pest control method
CN104855122A (en) * 2015-06-14 2015-08-26 六安市裕南春蔬果种植专业合作社 Organic cucumber planting method
CN104956926A (en) * 2015-06-20 2015-10-07 陈美珍 Production method for high-quality cucumber seedling
CN104996131A (en) * 2015-06-27 2015-10-28 蚌埠市双墩农业生物科技开发有限责任公司 Planting method of high-yield and high-quality cucumbers
CN105027871A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-11-11 淄博汇龙农业发展有限公司 Cultivation method for small orchid watermelons
CN105493874A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-04-20 朱永龙 High-yield cultivation method for greenhouse cucumbers
CN105612854A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-06-01 安徽有机良庄农业科技发展有限公司 Green planting method for cucumbers in solar greenhouse
CN105850452A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-17 和县天豪蔬菜种植家庭农场 Method for planting green pollution-free cucumber
CN105850638A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-17 和县天豪蔬菜种植家庭农场 Method for early spring cultivation of fruit cucumbers in greenhouse
CN105875114A (en) * 2014-10-20 2016-08-24 董金锋 Cucumber high-yield cultivation method
CN106068766A (en) * 2016-06-25 2016-11-09 杨文平 Processing method before Radix Sophorae Flavescentis planting seed
CN106332625A (en) * 2016-08-20 2017-01-18 余敏敏 Seedling culture method capable of reducing bottle gourd virus disease
CN106358771A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-01 宿州市埇桥区九里梦种植专业合作社 Grafting method for preventing graft union gumming disease of fruit cucumbers
CN106376398A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 宿州市埇桥区九里梦种植专业合作社 Fruit cucumber pests and diseases non-pollution integrated control method
CN106717978A (en) * 2017-01-03 2017-05-31 中国计量大学 A kind of method of preventing and treating greenhouse Organic cucumber downy mildew
CN106717938A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-31 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of no disease and pests harm implantation methods of cucumber
CN106804271A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-06-09 甘肃省农业科学院 Ditch broadcasts cultural method on a kind of nonirrigated farmland watermelon full-film covering ridge
CN106879356A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-23 王现明 A kind of method for culturing seedlings for preventing and treating watermelon blight
CN107232014A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-10-10 合肥申沃园艺有限公司 A kind of interplanting method of sunflower and peach
CN107371715A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-11-24 曲沃县鑫霸蔬菜种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber
CN107517707A (en) * 2017-09-13 2017-12-29 安徽有余跨越瓜蒌食品开发有限公司 A kind of fast seedling-cultivating method of Snakegourd Fruit
CN107535335A (en) * 2017-07-28 2018-01-05 当涂县海纳农业科技有限公司 A kind of float seedling method of cured tobacco
CN107535202A (en) * 2016-06-24 2018-01-05 上海亚世园蔬果专业合作社 It is a kind of to improve pumpkin and the method for grafting green cucumber survival rate
CN107624547A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-26 海门市兵华农产品有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of spring cucumber
CN109076842A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-25 钟山佳欣果蔬有限责任公司 A kind of control method of canopy room gray mold of cucumber
CN109076745A (en) * 2018-09-14 2018-12-25 姚光亮 Cucumber seeds germination accelerating method
CN109601052A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-12 颍上县迪沟米业有限公司 A kind of glutinous rice implantation methods
CN110754229A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-02-07 中国长江三峡集团有限公司 Dryopteris fragrans branch plug tray cutting propagation method
CN110337981B (en) * 2019-08-01 2021-07-13 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Rapid seedling raising method for annona squamosa rootstocks
CN115088568A (en) * 2022-06-09 2022-09-23 河南盛世中药产业研究院有限公司 High-yield cultivation method for polygonatum sibiricum by topping and promoting roots
CN115812499A (en) * 2022-07-11 2023-03-21 河南盛世中药产业研究院有限公司 Method for reducing influence of late spring coldness on medicinal plant growth
CN116548297A (en) * 2023-05-17 2023-08-08 济宁市农业科学研究院 Cucumber breeding method with strong disease resistance

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS59146514A (en) * 1983-02-14 1984-08-22 瀬々 恒徳 Grafting seedling growing method using plural base trees in grafting seedling growth of cucumber or eggplant
JPH01312935A (en) * 1988-06-09 1989-12-18 Yasushi Isu Spatula for grafting of cucumbers
JPH02283212A (en) * 1989-04-25 1990-11-20 Achilles Corp Cucumber-culturing method preventing from white bloom
JPH05123057A (en) * 1991-10-31 1993-05-21 Osaka Gas Co Ltd Preparation of vigorous seedling
CN101352143A (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-01-28 上海隆顺蔬菜专业合作社 Artificial cultivation method of cucumber
CN101606462A (en) * 2008-06-17 2009-12-23 海城市三星生态农业有限公司 High-position grafting method for cucumber
CN101810093A (en) * 2010-04-02 2010-08-25 吴洪生 Method and application for eliminating continuous cropping obstacles by secondary grafting
CN102132653A (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-07-27 上海博琛生物科技有限公司 Method for cultivating strong root systems of grafted cucumbers
CN102144482A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-08-10 杭州秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Cucumber overwintering method in subtropical plum rains region

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS59146514A (en) * 1983-02-14 1984-08-22 瀬々 恒徳 Grafting seedling growing method using plural base trees in grafting seedling growth of cucumber or eggplant
JPH01312935A (en) * 1988-06-09 1989-12-18 Yasushi Isu Spatula for grafting of cucumbers
JPH02283212A (en) * 1989-04-25 1990-11-20 Achilles Corp Cucumber-culturing method preventing from white bloom
JPH05123057A (en) * 1991-10-31 1993-05-21 Osaka Gas Co Ltd Preparation of vigorous seedling
CN101352143A (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-01-28 上海隆顺蔬菜专业合作社 Artificial cultivation method of cucumber
CN101606462A (en) * 2008-06-17 2009-12-23 海城市三星生态农业有限公司 High-position grafting method for cucumber
CN101810093A (en) * 2010-04-02 2010-08-25 吴洪生 Method and application for eliminating continuous cropping obstacles by secondary grafting
CN102132653A (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-07-27 上海博琛生物科技有限公司 Method for cultivating strong root systems of grafted cucumbers
CN102144482A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-08-10 杭州秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Cucumber overwintering method in subtropical plum rains region

Non-Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
何昆等: "中草药萃取液对植物病原真菌、细菌的抑制作用", 《湖南农业科学》 *
刘明池等: "节能日光温室春黄瓜栽培技术规范", 《北京农业》 *
李利香等: "静宁县日光温室黄瓜越冬茬无公害生产技术", 《甘肃农业科技》 *
王兴华: "多种药用植物抑菌效果研究", 《山西大学学报(自然科学版)》 *
王启国: "冬暖型大棚的建造与黄瓜栽培技术", 《吉林蔬菜》 *
黄奔立等: "中草药对5种蔬菜病菌的抑制作用", 《扬州大学学报(农业与生命科学版)》 *

Cited By (50)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102870607A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-01-16 句容市旺华大棚蔬菜专业合作社 Method for grafting of cucumber on black-seed pumpkin in Yunnan
CN103300075A (en) * 2013-05-18 2013-09-18 安徽师范大学 Protection composition for seedling transplantation and preparation method thereof
CN103477838A (en) * 2013-09-17 2014-01-01 定远县华怡杨湖种植专业合作社 Pollution-free cucumber planting method
CN103650856A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 张家港市塘桥果艺园 High-yield cultivation method for pollution-free cucumbers
CN103749107A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-04-30 张家港市塘桥果艺园 Three-dimensional high-efficient culture method for greenhouse winter-spring cucumber
CN103798022A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-21 和县常久农业发展有限公司 Planting method for cucumbers
CN103828652A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-06-04 固镇县淮鸿灰天鹅养殖专业合作社 Trialeurodes vaporariorum prevention and control method
CN103798033A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-21 内蒙古田野餐桌现代农业有限责任公司 Cucumber planting method
CN103843593B (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-11-18 山西省农业科学院小麦研究所 A kind of cucumber grafting seedling-cultivating method
CN103843593A (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-06-11 山西省农业科学院小麦研究所 Cuttage grafting and seedling growing method for cucumbers
CN103907458A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-07-09 郑兴义 Method for cucumber cultivation with vinegar residue matrix
CN104186155A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-12-10 刘全国 Intensified integrated solar greenhouse environmental-friendly efficient cultivation method for autumn cucumbers grown in winter and spring
CN104186162A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Yield-increase and disease-resistant planting method for cucumbers in solar greenhouse
CN104145727A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Pollution-free cucumber grafting planting method
CN104186192A (en) * 2014-09-24 2014-12-10 张家港市现代农业投资有限公司 High-yield planting method of harmless cucumbers
CN104303768A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-28 重庆市锣楠蔬菜种植专业合作社 Pollution-free vegetable planting method
CN105875114A (en) * 2014-10-20 2016-08-24 董金锋 Cucumber high-yield cultivation method
CN104429509A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-25 安徽省龙海种业有限公司 Method for pre-cultivation management of solar greenhouse winter-crossing cucumbers
CN104472155A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-04-01 安徽省龙海种业有限公司 Method of performing field management on winter-crossing cucumbers in sunlight greenhouse
CN104719049A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-06-24 贵州百灵企业集团制药股份有限公司 Saxifraga-stolonifera-meerb greenhouse-planting pest control method
CN104855122A (en) * 2015-06-14 2015-08-26 六安市裕南春蔬果种植专业合作社 Organic cucumber planting method
CN105027871A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-11-11 淄博汇龙农业发展有限公司 Cultivation method for small orchid watermelons
CN104956926A (en) * 2015-06-20 2015-10-07 陈美珍 Production method for high-quality cucumber seedling
CN104996131A (en) * 2015-06-27 2015-10-28 蚌埠市双墩农业生物科技开发有限责任公司 Planting method of high-yield and high-quality cucumbers
CN105612854A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-06-01 安徽有机良庄农业科技发展有限公司 Green planting method for cucumbers in solar greenhouse
CN105493874A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-04-20 朱永龙 High-yield cultivation method for greenhouse cucumbers
CN105850638A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-17 和县天豪蔬菜种植家庭农场 Method for early spring cultivation of fruit cucumbers in greenhouse
CN105850452A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-17 和县天豪蔬菜种植家庭农场 Method for planting green pollution-free cucumber
CN107535202A (en) * 2016-06-24 2018-01-05 上海亚世园蔬果专业合作社 It is a kind of to improve pumpkin and the method for grafting green cucumber survival rate
CN106068766A (en) * 2016-06-25 2016-11-09 杨文平 Processing method before Radix Sophorae Flavescentis planting seed
CN106332625A (en) * 2016-08-20 2017-01-18 余敏敏 Seedling culture method capable of reducing bottle gourd virus disease
CN106358771A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-01 宿州市埇桥区九里梦种植专业合作社 Grafting method for preventing graft union gumming disease of fruit cucumbers
CN106376398A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 宿州市埇桥区九里梦种植专业合作社 Fruit cucumber pests and diseases non-pollution integrated control method
CN106717938A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-31 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of no disease and pests harm implantation methods of cucumber
CN106717978A (en) * 2017-01-03 2017-05-31 中国计量大学 A kind of method of preventing and treating greenhouse Organic cucumber downy mildew
CN106804271A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-06-09 甘肃省农业科学院 Ditch broadcasts cultural method on a kind of nonirrigated farmland watermelon full-film covering ridge
CN106879356A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-23 王现明 A kind of method for culturing seedlings for preventing and treating watermelon blight
CN107232014A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-10-10 合肥申沃园艺有限公司 A kind of interplanting method of sunflower and peach
CN107535335A (en) * 2017-07-28 2018-01-05 当涂县海纳农业科技有限公司 A kind of float seedling method of cured tobacco
CN107371715A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-11-24 曲沃县鑫霸蔬菜种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber
CN107517707A (en) * 2017-09-13 2017-12-29 安徽有余跨越瓜蒌食品开发有限公司 A kind of fast seedling-cultivating method of Snakegourd Fruit
CN107624547A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-26 海门市兵华农产品有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of spring cucumber
CN109076842A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-25 钟山佳欣果蔬有限责任公司 A kind of control method of canopy room gray mold of cucumber
CN109076745A (en) * 2018-09-14 2018-12-25 姚光亮 Cucumber seeds germination accelerating method
CN109601052A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-12 颍上县迪沟米业有限公司 A kind of glutinous rice implantation methods
CN110337981B (en) * 2019-08-01 2021-07-13 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Rapid seedling raising method for annona squamosa rootstocks
CN110754229A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-02-07 中国长江三峡集团有限公司 Dryopteris fragrans branch plug tray cutting propagation method
CN115088568A (en) * 2022-06-09 2022-09-23 河南盛世中药产业研究院有限公司 High-yield cultivation method for polygonatum sibiricum by topping and promoting roots
CN115812499A (en) * 2022-07-11 2023-03-21 河南盛世中药产业研究院有限公司 Method for reducing influence of late spring coldness on medicinal plant growth
CN116548297A (en) * 2023-05-17 2023-08-08 济宁市农业科学研究院 Cucumber breeding method with strong disease resistance

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102742433B (en) 2013-10-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102742433B (en) Method for cultivating pollution-free cucumbers
CN102742434A (en) Method for cultivating pollution-free tomatoes
CN103960036B (en) A kind of sylvan life natural cultivation method of magnificent Paris polyphylla
CN103283450B (en) Golden camellia bud seedling stock grafting propagation method
CN106831130A (en) The implantation methods of Paris polyphylla
CN104322257A (en) Method for normatively planting dendrobium officinale in simple greenhouse
CN107047224A (en) A kind of high-yield planting method of grape
CN101040584A (en) Manual and normative planting technology and continuous using method of akebia trifoliate
CN105145093A (en) Method for interplanting wild polygonatum sibiricum in nursery base
CN102986451A (en) Open-air raw material wild simulating bamboo fungus cultivation technique
CN105104213B (en) Rapid propagation and seedling culture method using rhizomes of paris polyphylla
CN101779559A (en) Technology for organically cultivating and harvesting net house vegetables green sword bean, sweet corn and broccoli successively in one year
CN104025835A (en) Clean and efficient culture technology for strawberry and water spinach crop rotation
CN105613024A (en) Organic cultivation and rotation method for watermelons, rice and water chestnuts in spring and summer
CN102246650A (en) Planting method of high-quality and high-yield root-bark of peony
CN105594426A (en) Method for planting polygonatum cyrtonema
CN105284376A (en) High-yield cultivation method for sponge gourd
CN105027912A (en) Cultivation method for interplanting officinal cape jasmines and radix isatidis
CN105265144A (en) Method for no-tillage potato planting through covering with straws
CN105123253B (en) A kind of method for culturing seedlings of paris polyphylla
CN105325211A (en) Method for preparing high-quality late-autumn pineapple bonsai
CN108934878A (en) A kind of Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis hayashishita bletilla cultural method
CN105230424A (en) Standardized plantation method of honeysuckle
CN104365309A (en) Efficient mode and high yield cultivation technique for spring sweet corn, autumn watermelon and winter lettuce
CN100388876C (en) Five-finger fig root standarded and industrilized seed breeding planting method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131030

Termination date: 20140615

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model