CN102812838B - Propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting - Google Patents

Propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting Download PDF

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CN102812838B
CN102812838B CN 201210317273 CN201210317273A CN102812838B CN 102812838 B CN102812838 B CN 102812838B CN 201210317273 CN201210317273 CN 201210317273 CN 201210317273 A CN201210317273 A CN 201210317273A CN 102812838 B CN102812838 B CN 102812838B
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cuttage
cutting
propagation
plugged ear
root
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CN 201210317273
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102812838A (en
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韦晓娟
李开祥
梁晓静
黄志玲
陈金艳
黄开顺
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广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院
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Abstract

The invention discloses a propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting. The propagation method comprises the steps of: firstly, transplanting mother seedlings which are cultured through seedling culturing and are taken as cutting mother seedlings into a garden using composted organic fertilizers and calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizers as base fertilizers, and culturing, wherein the plant spacing between the two adjacent rows is 25cm*30cm; performing cutting back and sprouting promoting at a position where a mother plant base parts is 10-15cm away from the ground, collecting cutting woods with branch lengths of 5-8cm, and cutting in a cutting bed provided with a cutting substrate; and controlling illumination, relative humidity and substrate water content in the cutting bed to obtain a cutting seedling of the camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart. According to the propagation method, the garden for culturing the mother seedlings, an exposed plot is selected for ridging and close planting, the mother seedlings are developed in root systems, are high in growth speed and are also high in growth speed of branches sprouting, a rejuvenating effect of low-level trunk cutting is good, cutting woods are easy to root and are shorter than branches in the common shoot cutting, and thus a collecting interval of the cutting woods can be shortened, the propagation efficiency is improved, and 5-6 times of cutting propagation can be carried out one year, so that a large quantity of seedlings are obtained; and the propagation method has the advantages of being low in production cost, relatively small in material consumption, simples in operation, large in supply quality of the cutting woods, and relatively good in economic benefit.

Description

The propagation method of stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by Vietnam
Technical field
The invention belongs to the plant asexual multiplication technology field, relate to the propagation method that stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by a kind of Vietnam.
Background technology
Vietnam embraces stem tea [Camellia amplexicaulis (Pitard) Cohen Stuart] and belongs to the ancient tea group of Theaceae (Theaceae) Camellia (Camellia) (Section Archecamellia Sealy), the flower aubergine, bud spheroidal, blade is big, phyllopodium embraces stem, " embrace stem tea " so gain the name, shady characteristic in the family way, under suitable cultivation condition, all can bloom throughout the year, and the plant type compactness, leaf peculiar, being the greening of a kind of good flower garden and indoor sight leaf decorative flower cultivar, also is one of parent material of cultivating everblooming camellia new varieties.Because these rare special ecological proterties that the stem tea set is equipped with are embraced by Vietnam, cause vast camellia fan's very big interest, market development utilization in recent years is very active, be widely applied to the flower garden greening with mass-planting, isolated planting, mode such as plant, because it has the perpetual bloom characteristics, be developed to a kind of high-grade house plant in recent years again, annual flower market has its high praise and adds, economic worth is high, and DEVELOPMENT PROSPECT is very wide.
It all is to adopt grow directly from seeds (seed) to grow seedlings that stem tea is embraced by present Vietnam; and Vietnam embraces stem tea and only has natural forest to distribute in Vietnam; the nursery stock provenance of usefulness is all from Vietnam in the market; and Vietnam to embrace seed germination time of stem tea of a specified duration especially; adopt husky Tibetan vernalization almost to need 1 year; cultivation period is long; the seedling cost height; limited the scale of sexual propagation greatly; and offspring's variability of sexual propagation is bigger; be unfavorable for that Vietnam embraces large-scale production and the Application and Development of stem tea, therefore adopting vegetative propagation is to solve the main means that the resource scarcity of stem tea shoot wood is embraced by current Vietnam.
The present invention is through evidence for many years, embrace the strong characteristics of stem tea rudiment power at Vietnam, will adopt fringe earlier and in ground, garden, carry out the dense planting cultivation with female seedling, it is cut do the short fringe cuttage of sprouting, adopt again, the method is not tight to the soil conditional request in nursery, and convenient management, the fringe bar quantity that provides are big.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is the deficiency at traditional sexual reproduction technique, provide a kind of cultivation period weak point, consumptive material to reach the propagation method that stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by the low Vietnam of cost less.
The present invention is achieved in that
The propagation method of stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by a kind of Vietnam, manage operation after comprising elite stand cultivation, plugged ear collection and processing, cuttage and cuttage, it is waited to levy and is: the female Miao Zuowei that cultivates growing seedlings by growing directly from seeds adopts the female seedling of fringe and cultivates with being transplanted to the garden, urgees to sprout, gather the cuttage of fringe bar in the cutting bed that cutting medium is housed, illumination in the control cutting bed, relative moisture and water content of substrate, obtain Vietnam and embrace stem tea cuttage wood seedling, its operating procedure is as follows:
(1) elite stand is cultivated:
1. build cool canopy: putting up obscurity before transplanting seedlings is that 50~60% cool canopies are in order to shading;
2. garden ground is prepared: select that physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the more fertile plot of soil, ground, garden is cultivated entirely, the wide 40cm of pavement is set, and the wide 1m of furrow, furrow length digs trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, remove grass roots; Dig the field planting bank that length is not less than 20cm by seeding row spacing 25cm * 30cm, every strain backfill table soil adds fertilizer 250g and the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 250g that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and mixes thoroughly, makes backfill table soil and uses;
3. female Miao Yizhi: at the beginning of mid-January~2 month, will grow seedlings by growing directly from seeds cultivate and be contained in more than the leading thread 0.4cm in the nutrition cup, the healthy seedling more than the height 15cm as female Miao Yizhi in the field planting bank, fill up the bank cave during backfill table soil, and a little more than the bank face, the normal root water of drenching;
4. truncation is short sprouts: female Miao Dingzhi same day or second day, cut with profit and maternal plant to be carried out truncation is short to be sprouted;
5. female Miao Guanli: Nursery stock transplanting is after 30 days, drenches every 15 days and executes 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid one time, and artificial weeding is wanted trickle after pulling out before pulling out; Adopt elite stand behind the fringe and carry out weeding, loosen the soil and every strain applies fertilizer 150g, the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 150g fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, spray somatotropin simultaneously, drenched one time 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid every 15 days, urge again to sprout, get fringe for the cuttage of next time and prepare;
(2) plugged ear collection and processing:
1. plugged ear collection: in April~early September, do not have damage by disease and insect, semi-lignified spray from the stalwartness of adopting clip 5~8cm length on the fringe elite stand, as the cuttage plugged ear;
2. the fringe bar is pruned: the fringe bar of collection cuts off whole blades of the above 3~4cm of base portion, only keeps 1~2 leaf on top, and 1~2 leaf that keeps is cut into half leaf, the plugged ear lower end is cut to be the angle shape again;
3. disinfect: plugged ear is taken out with clear water flushing back after with 0.5% carbendazim soaking disinfection 15min stand-by;
4. HORMONE TREATMENT: indole-3-butyric acid is mixed with 1000mg/L solution, the plugged ear base portion after the sterilization is immersed in 15~20min in the indole-3-butyric acid solution in batch, pull out then and do slightly air-dryly to carry out cuttage immediately in 2~3 minutes;
(3) cuttage:
1. build cool canopy: make cutting bed in green house or in the booth of putting up, cutting bed is put up obscurity before cuttage and seedling culture be that 50~60% cool canopies are in order to shading;
2. cutting time: can carry out cuttage in spring, summer or autumn;
3. cottage method: carry out cuttage by the seeding row spacing of 4cm * 6cm at cutting bed.Use earlier during cuttage than the thick slightly small wooden of plugged ear diameter and insert an aperture in the seedbed, then plugged ear is inserted in the matrix, the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2~1/3 of cutting length, and blade can not juxtaposition, then with the matrix compacting around the plugged ear; Water permeable double flushing blade after the cuttage immediately 1 time, plugged ear and matrix are combined closely;
(4) manage after the cuttage:
1. cuttage management: the plugged ear after the cuttage is encircleed plastic film cover immediately preserve moisture, keep water content of substrate 60%~70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%, during the cover of preserving moisture should not often open; After the cuttage, every 7~10 days foliage-spray 0.2~0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate or blade face treasured, big fertile king, till taking root; Sprayed simultaneously 1 0.2~0.5% carbendazim or zineb, first phase topsin every 7~10 days, infect with preventing disease and pest; Plugged ear is if any drying up, go mouldy and falling leaves and will in time remove during this time;
2. management after taking root:
A, short bud: behind the cuttage rooting, with the triacontanol soup of 0.5~1mg/kg the plugged ear of not rudiment is urged bud and handle;
B, hardening: took root back 15 days, and reduced the water spray frequency gradually and carry out hardening;
Manage after c, the hardening: mainly carry out the control of rich water quality management and damage by disease and insect, treat to go out the garden when wooden seedling grows tall 10~15cm.
Above-described truncation is short, and to sprout method be to block apart from ground 10~15cm place in the maternal plant base portion, and to be applied to concentration be 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid.
The above cutting bed be set to the high 30cm of edge of bed, wide l00cm, long 6m~8m; Makes drainage blanket with clean fresh river sand or cobble in the slotting machine, thickness 20cm loads cutting medium then, about about 10 centimeters of thickness, and shift to an earlier date 2d~3d with 0.2%~0.5% liquor potassic permanganate and carry out disinfection.
The above cutting medium be adopt pure clean fresh yellow soil or with clean fresh yellow soil, the coconut palm chaff that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed, peat soil by the volume ratio of 5:4:1 or with clean fresh yellow soil and totally river sand mix by the volume ratio of 2:1 and form.
Above-described hormone is mixed with the 1000mg/L hormone aqueous solution with distilled water after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving with the indole-3-butyric acid powder again.
The present invention has the following advantages with respect to existing technology:
1, the propagation method of stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by Vietnam of the present invention, is to select for use open-air plot to play the furrow dense planting garden of female Miao Peiyu, and cost is low, consumptive material is few, simple to operate, and the fringe bar is in large supply.
2, the propagation method of stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by Vietnam of the present invention, female Miao Yizhi applies the fertilizer 250g that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed of capacity, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 250g, and this provides sufficient base manure for female Miao Shengchang, 2~3 months heights of seedling of female Miao Shengchang can reach 20~30cm, and root system is also flourishing.
3, the propagation method of stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by Vietnam of the present invention, it is to block apart from ground 10~15cm place in the maternal plant base portion that truncation is urged to sprout method, because section is low, can promote maternal plant to sprout sprouting quickly, branch is also grown comparatively fast, and it is effective that low level cuts dried childrenization, and the root original hase of fringe bar focuses mostly in base portion, the easiest the taking root of fringe bar.
4. the propagation method of stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by Vietnam of the present invention, and selected cutting medium raw material are easy to get, and prepares simple and conveniently, and propagation method is implemented easily.
5, the propagation method of stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by Vietnam of the present invention, the method of maternal plant management spray plant growth hormone is at the triacontanol soup that sprays 0.5~1mg/kg that afternoon of gathering the fringe bar, can impel maternal plant to sprout more sproutings, thereby improve the spike number amount of adopting.
6, the propagation method of stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by Vietnam of the present invention, and the requirement of fringe bar collection is the long 5~8cm of branch, and is shorter than the branch of general epicormic branch cuttage, can shorten the blanking time that the fringe bar is gathered, and improves reproductive efficiency.
7, the propagation method of stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by Vietnam of the present invention, and elite stand rudiment power is very strong, sprouts measure by short, can carry out cottage propagation 5~6 times in 1 year, the survival rate height, and it is fast to take root, and the nursery stock quantity of acquisition is big.
Specific embodiment
By specific embodiment given below, can further be well understood to the present invention, but they not limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
The selection physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the more fertile plot of soil.To garden ground cultivating entirely, divide seedbed and pavement, the wide 40cm of pavement, the wide 1m of furrow, furrow length digs trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, remove grass roots.Dig the field planting bank that length is not less than 20cm by seeding row spacing 25cm * 30cm at the beginning of mid-January~2 month, every strain backfill table soil applies the fertilizer 250g that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed of capacity, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 250g.Select leading thread more than 0.4, the female Miao Yizhi of stem tea embraces in planting pit in the above healthy and strong Vietnam of height 15cm.Behind the Nursery stock transplanting 30 days, execute 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid one time every pouring in 15 days.Female the Miao Dingzhi same day or second day, cut with profit and maternal plant to be carried out truncation is short to be sprouted, cut that to do highly be 10cm.As the long 5cm of new sprouting branch, the thick 0.2cm in base portion footpath has 2 joints, can gather plugged ear during semi-lignified, sprays the triacontanol soup of 0.5~1mg/kg in that afternoon of having gathered the fringe bar, and 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid is executed in pouring in the 2nd day one time behind the collection fringe bar.Be mixed with the 1000mg/L hormone aqueous solution with indole-3-butyric acid, the plugged ear base portion is immersed in the indole-3-butyric acid solution behind 15~20min in batch by the seeding row spacing cuttage of 4cm * 6cm in the cutting bed that is filled with clean fresh yellow soil pouring normal root water cuttage is finished after.Plugged ear after the cuttage is encircleed plastic film cover immediately preserve moisture, keep water content of substrate 60%~70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%.Spray 1 0.5% carbendazim every 7~10 days, and add 0.2~0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, mix back spray plugged ear blade, till taking root.Plugged ear is if any drying up, go mouldy and falling leaves and will in time remove during this time.The appearance of taking root was on a small quantity arranged in 25 days.Per 7 days later on investigation one secondary root situations.Complete investigation survival rate after 90 days, rooting rate reaches 91.6%.Carry out hardening this moment and strengthen imposing root manure and management work such as foliar application, the extermination of disease and insect pest, for outplanting is got ready.
Embodiment 2
The selection physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the more fertile plot of soil.To garden ground cultivating entirely, divide seedbed and pavement, the wide 40cm of pavement, the wide 1m of furrow, furrow length digs trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, remove grass roots.Dig the field planting bank that length is not less than 20cm by seeding row spacing 25cm * 30cm at the beginning of mid-January~2 month, every strain backfill table soil applies the fertilizer 250g that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed of capacity, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 250g.Selecting leading thread is more than the 0.4cm, and the sprigging of stem tea is embraced in planting pit by the above healthy and strong Vietnam of height 15cm.Behind the Nursery stock transplanting 30 days, execute 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid one time every pouring in 15 days.Female the Miao Dingzhi same day or second day, cut with profit and maternal plant to be carried out truncation is short to be sprouted, cut that to do highly be 12.5cm.As the long 5cm of new sprouting branch, the thick 0.2cm in base portion footpath has 2 joints, can gather plugged ear during semi-lignified, sprays the triacontanol soup of 0.5~1mg/kg in that afternoon of having gathered the fringe bar, and 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid is executed in pouring in the 2nd day one time behind the collection fringe bar.Be mixed with the 1000mg/L hormone aqueous solution with indole-3-butyric acid, the plugged ear base portion is immersed in the indole-3-butyric acid solution behind 15~20min in batch by the seeding row spacing cuttage of 4cm * 6cm in being filled with the cutting bed that adopts the matrix that clean fresh yellow soil, the coconut palm chaff that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed, peat soil make by the volume ratio of 5:4:1 pouring normal root water cuttage is finished after.Plugged ear after the cuttage is encircleed plastic film cover immediately preserve moisture, keep water content of substrate 60%~70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%.Every 7~10 days preparation 0.2% zineb, and add 0.2~0.3% blade face treasured, mix back spray plugged ear blade, till taking root.Plugged ear is if any drying up, go mouldy and falling leaves and will in time remove during this time.The appearance of taking root was on a small quantity arranged in 25 days.Per 7 days later on investigation one secondary root situations.Complete investigation survival rate after 90 days, rooting rate reaches 93.8%.Carry out hardening this moment and strengthen imposing root manure and management work such as foliar application, the extermination of disease and insect pest, for outplanting is got ready.
Embodiment 3
The selection physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the more fertile plot of soil.To garden ground cultivating entirely, divide seedbed and pavement, the wide 40cm of pavement, the wide 1m of furrow, furrow length digs trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, remove grass roots.Dig the field planting bank that length is not less than 20cm by seeding row spacing 25cm * 30cm at the beginning of mid-January~2 month, every strain backfill table soil applies the fertilizer 250g that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed of capacity, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 250g.Selecting leading thread is more than the 0.4cm, and the female Miao Yizhi of stem tea embraces in planting pit in the above healthy and strong Vietnam of height 15cm.Behind the Nursery stock transplanting 30 days, execute 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid one time every pouring in 15 days.Female the Miao Dingzhi same day or second day, cut with profit and maternal plant to be carried out truncation is short to be sprouted, cut that to do highly be 15cm.As the long 5cm of new sprouting branch, the thick 0.2cm in base portion footpath has 2 joints, can gather plugged ear during semi-lignified, sprays the triacontanol soup of 0.5~1mg/kg in that afternoon of having gathered the fringe bar, and 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid is executed in pouring in the 2nd day one time behind the collection fringe bar.Be mixed with the 1000mg/L hormone aqueous solution with indole-3-butyric acid, the plugged ear base portion is immersed in the indole-3-butyric acid solution behind 15~20min seeding row spacing cuttage by 4cm * 6cm in batch in the cutting bed that is filled with the matrix of making by the volume ratio of 2:1 with clean fresh yellow soil and clean river sand, pouring normal root water cuttage is finished after.Plugged ear after the cuttage is encircleed plastic film cover immediately preserve moisture, keep water content of substrate 60%~70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%.Spray 1 0.5% thiophanate methyl every 7~10 days, and add 0.2~0.3% big fertile king, mix back spray plugged ear blade, till taking root.Plugged ear is if any drying up, go mouldy and falling leaves and will in time remove during this time.The appearance of taking root was on a small quantity arranged in 25 days.Per 7 days later on investigation one secondary root situations.Complete investigation survival rate after 90 days, rooting rate reaches 94.5%.Carry out hardening this moment and strengthen imposing root manure and management work such as foliar application, the extermination of disease and insect pest, for outplanting is got ready.

Claims (5)

1. propagation method that stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is embraced by Vietnam, manage operation after comprising elite stand cultivation, plugged ear collection and processing, cuttage and cuttage, it is waited to levy and is: the female Miao Zuowei that cultivates growing seedlings by growing directly from seeds adopts the female seedling of fringe and cultivates with being transplanted to the garden, urgees to sprout, gather the cuttage of fringe bar in the cutting bed that cutting medium is housed, illumination in the control cutting bed, relative moisture and water content of substrate, obtain Vietnam and embrace stem tea cuttage wood seedling, its operating procedure is as follows:
(1) elite stand is cultivated:
1. build cool canopy: putting up obscurity before transplanting seedlings is that 50~60% cool canopies are in order to shading;
2. garden ground is prepared: select that physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the more fertile plot of soil, ground, garden is cultivated entirely, the wide 40cm of pavement is set, and the wide 1m of furrow, furrow length digs trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, remove grass roots; Dig the field planting bank that length is not less than 20cm by seeding row spacing 25cm * 30cm, every strain backfill table soil adds fertilizer 250g and the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 250g that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and mixes thoroughly, makes backfill table soil and uses;
3. female Miao Yizhi: at the beginning of mid-January~2 month, will grow seedlings by growing directly from seeds cultivate and be contained in more than the leading thread 0.4cm in the nutrition cup, the healthy seedling more than the height 15cm as female Miao Yizhi in the field planting bank, fill up the bank cave during backfill table soil, and a little more than the bank face, the normal root water of drenching;
4. truncation is short sprouts: female Miao Dingzhi same day or second day, cut with profit and maternal plant to be carried out truncation is short to be sprouted;
5. female Miao Guanli: Nursery stock transplanting is after 30 days, drenches every 15 days and executes 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid one time, and artificial weeding is wanted trickle after pulling out before pulling out; Adopt elite stand behind the fringe and carry out weeding, loosen the soil and every strain applies fertilizer 150g, the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 150g fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, spray somatotropin simultaneously, drenched one time 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid every 15 days, urge again to sprout, get fringe for the cuttage of next time and prepare;
(2) plugged ear collection and processing:
1. plugged ear collection: in April~early September, do not have damage by disease and insect, semi-lignified spray from the stalwartness of adopting clip 5~8cm length on the fringe elite stand, as the cuttage plugged ear;
2. the fringe bar is pruned: the fringe bar of collection cuts off whole blades of the above 3~4cm of base portion, only keeps 1~2 leaf on top, and 1~2 leaf that keeps is cut into half leaf, the plugged ear lower end is cut to be the angle shape again;
3. disinfect: plugged ear is taken out with clear water flushing back after with 0.5% carbendazim soaking disinfection 15min stand-by;
4. HORMONE TREATMENT: indole-3-butyric acid is mixed with 1000mg/L solution, the plugged ear base portion after the sterilization is immersed in 15~20min in the indole-3-butyric acid solution in batch, pull out then and do slightly air-dryly to carry out cuttage immediately in 2~3 minutes;
(3) cuttage:
1. build cool canopy: make cutting bed in green house or in the booth of putting up, cutting bed is put up obscurity before cuttage and seedling culture be that 50~60% cool canopies are in order to shading;
2. cutting time: can carry out cuttage in spring, summer or autumn;
3. cottage method: carry out cuttage by the seeding row spacing of 4cm * 6cm at cutting bed; Use earlier during cuttage than the thick slightly small wooden of plugged ear diameter and insert an aperture in the seedbed, then plugged ear is inserted in the matrix, the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2~1/3 of cutting length, and blade can not juxtaposition, then with the matrix compacting around the plugged ear; Water permeable double flushing blade after the cuttage immediately 1 time, plugged ear and matrix are combined closely;
(4) manage after the cuttage:
1. cuttage management: the plugged ear after the cuttage is encircleed plastic film cover immediately preserve moisture, keep water content of substrate 60%~70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%, during the cover of preserving moisture should not often open; After the cuttage, every 7~10 days foliage-spray 0.2~0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate or blade face treasured, big fertile king, till taking root; Sprayed simultaneously 1 0.2~0.5% carbendazim or zineb, thiophanate methyl every 7~10 days, infect with preventing disease and pest; Plugged ear is if any drying up, go mouldy and falling leaves and will in time remove during this time;
2. management after taking root:
A, short bud: behind the cuttage rooting, with the triacontanol soup of 0.5~1mg/kg the plugged ear of not rudiment is urged bud and handle;
B, hardening: took root back 15 days, and reduced the water spray frequency gradually and carry out hardening;
Manage after c, the hardening: mainly carry out the control of rich water quality management and damage by disease and insect, treat to go out the garden when wooden seedling grows tall 10~15cm.
2. the described a kind of Vietnam of root a tree name claim 1 propagation method of embracing stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is characterized in that: described truncation is short, and to sprout method be to block apart from ground 10~15cm place in the maternal plant base portion, and to be applied to concentration be 0.5~1.0% compound rich water liquid.
3. the described a kind of Vietnam of root a tree name claim 1 propagation method of embracing stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is characterized in that: described cutting bed be set to the high 30cm of edge of bed, wide l00cm, long 6m~8m; Makes drainage blanket with clean fresh river sand or cobble in the slotting machine, thickness 20cm loads cutting medium then, 10 centimeters of thickness, and shift to an earlier date 2d~3d with 0.2%~0.5% liquor potassic permanganate and carry out disinfection.
4. the described a kind of Vietnam of root a tree name claim 1 propagation method of embracing stem tea epicormic branch cuttage is characterized in that: described cutting medium be adopt pure clean fresh yellow soil or with clean fresh yellow soil, the coconut palm chaff that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed, peat soil by 5: 4: 1 volume ratio or with clean fresh yellow soil and totally river sand mix by 2: 1 volume ratio and form.
5. the described a kind of Vietnam of root a tree name claim 1 propagation method of embracing stem tea epicormic branch cuttage, it is characterized in that: described hormone is mixed with the 1000mg/L hormone aqueous solution with distilled water after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving with the indole-3-butyric acid powder again.
CN 201210317273 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting CN102812838B (en)

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