CN104106364B - The propagation method of a kind of mao of purple camellia sprout cuttage - Google Patents

The propagation method of a kind of mao of purple camellia sprout cuttage Download PDF

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CN104106364B
CN104106364B CN201410343411.0A CN201410343411A CN104106364B CN 104106364 B CN104106364 B CN 104106364B CN 201410343411 A CN201410343411 A CN 201410343411A CN 104106364 B CN104106364 B CN 104106364B
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cuttage
cuttings
root
weight concentration
sprout
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CN104106364A (en
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韦晓娟
李开祥
张健军
梁晓静
梁文汇
马锦林
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Abstract

The invention discloses the propagation method of a kind of mao of purple camellia sprout cuttage, operation is managed after comprising cultivating seedlings, female Miao Peiyu, cuttings sampling and processing, cuttage and cuttage, carry out with being transplanted to garden cultivating, urging to sprout as adopting the female seedling of fringe using cultivating the purple camellia nursery stock of the hair obtained in a reservoir, gather the purple camellia sprout of hair as tloig-cutlage in the cutting bed that cutting medium is housed, control illumination in cutting bed, relative moisture and water content of substrate, obtain hair purple camellia cuttage wood seedling.The present invention proves through lot of experiments, for the feature that hair purple camellia rudiment power is strong, first will adopt the female seedling of fringe and meticulously manage and protect cultivation in ground, garden, then cutting strunk is carried out to it urge to sprout, adopt fringe cuttage, the method is not tight to the soil conditional request in nursery, and convenient management, the fringe bar quantity provided are large.

Description

The propagation method of a kind of mao of purple camellia sprout cuttage
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of plant asexual propagation, be specifically related to the propagation method of a kind of mao of purple camellia sprout cuttage.
Background technology
Purple (Camellia ' the maozi ') camellia of hair is the camellia new varieties that Inst. of Forestry Science, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region selects.The purple camellia of camellia new varieties hair logs in numbering: (camellia)-119, Mao Zi in 2013; Wei Xiaojuan, Ma Jinlin, Li Kaixiang, Ye Hang, Liang Wen converge, " Chinese flower gardening ", 2013 years the 12nd phases.The purple camellia plant strain growth of hair is rapid, strong, well developed root system, resistance to half shade, be thick with leaves dark green, the small and exquisite exquisiteness of flower shape, pattern is lilac red rare in ornamental Camellia, ornamental value is high, and the natural opening florescence is the 1-3 month, the florescence goes through New Year's Day, the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival just, and its luicd and elegant lilac red flower free from vulgarity is add much celebrating happy and auspicious atmosphere red-letter day.Therefore, for the ecological characteristics of these uniquenesses that the purple camellia of hair possesses, can be both that a kind of Garden virescence beautifies plant purple for hair camellia promotion development, also it can be developed as a kind of house plant of top grade, the prospect of marketing be wide.
But because the purple camellia of hair is the novel species just selected, current nursery stock resource quantity is very limited, limits its further further investigation and scale exploitation thereof to a great extent and apply.The purple camellia of hair belongs to the interspecific hybrid of Camellia nitidissima and ornamental Camellia, has shaky characteristic, and therefore employing vegetative propagation is the Main Means of the purple camellia nursery stock of large scale cultivating hair.
Summary of the invention
The present invention, in order to overcome the deficiency of traditional sexual reproduction technique, provides the propagation method of the hair purple camellia sprout cuttage that a kind of cultivation period is short, consumptive material is few and cost is low.
Technical side of the present invention is as follows:
The propagation method of a kind of mao of purple camellia sprout cuttage, operation is managed after comprising cultivating seedlings, female Miao Peiyu, cuttings sampling and processing, cuttage and cuttage, carry out with being transplanted to garden cultivating, urging to sprout as adopting the female seedling of fringe using cultivating the purple camellia nursery stock of the hair obtained, gather the purple camellia sprout of hair as tloig-cutlage in the cutting bed that cutting medium is housed, control illumination in cutting bed, relative moisture and water content of substrate, obtain hair purple camellia cuttage nursery stock, its concrete operation step is as follows:
(1) cultivating seedlings:
1. aerial layer: growth selection is healthy and strong, without the hair purple camellia branch of damage by disease and insect as layer branch, bark is removed at base portion 3 ~ 5cm place band girdle of layer branch, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving with indole-3-butyric acid powder, band girdle position is smeared 1 ~ 2 time again with the hormone aqueous solution that distilled water is mixed with 200 ~ 300ppm, slightly do air-dry 5 ~ 10 minutes, according to a conventional method band girdle mouth is wrapped up;
2. manage after shelling branch: the same day or second day spray disinfection sanitizer according to a conventional method to shelling a plant in time, drenched to elite stand root every 15 days once permeable later, 1 disinfection sanitizer and foliage fertilizer mixed aqueous solution are sprayed respectively to the blade of stripping lopwood bar and other branch of elite stand simultaneously; Stripping branch rises after taking root on the 15th day, reduces the frequency of spraying liquid manure gradually and carries out hardening; Continue to carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest;
3. branch nursery stock transplanting is shelled: after cutting stripping branch nursery stock, dipping in the dilution of 1.5kg is that the yellow soil that 1000 ~ 2000 times of root solar water liquid is totally fresh with 5kg mixes in starchy slurry I of taking root, take out after drying and will shell branch seedling planting to loading in the container of matrix I, normal root water of drenching;
4. container seedling wooden pipe reason: accomplish that thin fertile duty is executed, initial stage based on foliage fertilization, every within 7 ~ 10 days, by weight concentration be 0.2 ~ 0.3% urea, 0.4 ~ 0.6% carbendazim, 0.4 ~ 0.6% zineb, 0.4 ~ 0.6% first phase topsin in a kind of aqueous solution spray blade 1 time; After 3 months, monthly root drenches and executes the good peanut press pulp dilution liquid manure of retting that 1 weight concentration is 3 ~ 5%, after 6 months monthly 2 times, for 2 times be monthly now the chlorophos of 0.3 ~ 0.5% by carbendazim, zineb, a kind of and weight concentration in first phase topsin that weight concentration is 0.4 ~ 0.6%, and containing weight concentration be 0.2 ~ 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Ye Mian Bao, more than one fertilizer in large fertile king the aqueous solution, evenly spray blade; Within every 20 days simultaneously, give container seedling root pouring dilution be the root solar water liquid of 2000 times once, during pouring, action is light and slow, oozes out container bottom for principle there to be a small amount of water liquid; After container seedling cultivates 1 year or a year and a half in container, obtain the purple camellia nursery stock of hair of cultivation container, for subsequent use;
(2) female Miao Peiyu:
1. cool canopy is built: putting up obscurity before transplanting seedlings is that 50 ~ 60% cool canopies are in order to shading;
2. ground, garden prepares: select the plot that physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, soil is more fertile, entirely cultivate, arrange the wide 40cm of pavement, the wide 1m of furrow to garden, and furrow are long to dig trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, removing grass roots; The field planting bank that length is not less than 50cm is dug by seeding row spacing 50cm × 50cm; Execute decomposed dung or compost 2.5 ~ 5kg to each field planting bank, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.0 ~ 2.5kg, and mix thoroughly make base manure with table soil;
3. female Miao Yizhi: mid-January ~ will the nursery stock that obtains be cultivated as female Miao Yizhi in field planting bank at the beginning of 2 months, backfill table soil fills up bank cave, and a little more than bank face, normal root water of drenching;
4. truncation is short sprouts: female Miao Dingzhi same day or second day, cuts sprout female Miao Jinhang truncation is short by profit;
5. female Miao Guanli: Nursery stock transplanting is after 30 days, drenched every 15 days and execute the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 0.5 ~ 1.0%, artificial weeding, wants trickle before and after weeding; To adopting the female Miao Jinhang weeding after fringe, loosening the soil, the fertilizer 2.5kg, the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.5kg that become thoroughly decomposed are applied to the female seedling of every strain simultaneously, spray somatotropin simultaneously, every the compound rich water liquid that pouring in 15 days weight concentration is 0.5 ~ 1.0%, again urge to sprout, the cuttage for next time is got fringe and is prepared;
(3) cuttings sampling and processing:
1. cuttings collection: in late March ~ early September, from adopting the stalwartness of clip 5 ~ 8cm length the female seedling of fringe without damage by disease and insect, semi-lignified sprout, as cuttage cuttings;
2. fringe bar is pruned: the whole blades cutting off more than cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4cm, only retains 1 ~ 2 leaf on top, and 1 ~ 2 leaf retained is cut into half leaf, then is cut cuttings lower end as angle shape;
3. disinfect: cuttings being immersed in weight concentration is take out after the carbendazim sterilization 15min of 0.5%, stand-by after rinsing with clear water;
4. slurry of taking root prepares: be hybridly prepared into certain density hormotone solution with indole-3-butyric acid and methyl α-naphthyl acetate powder in the ratio of 10 ~ 20:1, and add appropriate clean talcum powder and be uniformly mixed in starchiness, make slurry II of taking root for subsequent use;
(4) cuttage:
1. build cool canopy: in green house or in the booth put up, make cutting bed, it is that 50 ~ 60% cool canopies are in order to shading that cutting bed puts up obscurity before cuttage and seedling culture;
2. cutting time: carry out cuttage in spring, summer or autumn;
3. cottage method: carry out cuttage by the seeding row spacing of 4cm × 6cm on cutting bed; First on seedbed, an aperture is inserted with the small wooden slightly thicker than diameter during cuttage, then cuttings base portion fully being soaked insertion immediately after being stained with slurry II of taking root is equipped with in the cutting bed of matrix II, the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 ~ 1/3 of cutting length, blade can not juxtaposition, then by matrix II compacting around cuttings; Water 1 permeable double flushing blade after cuttage immediately, cuttings and matrix II are combined closely;
(5) manage after cuttage:
1. cuttage management: plastic film cover moisturizing is encircleed immediately to the cuttings after cuttage, keep matrix II water content 60 ~ 70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%, period moisture preserving cover should not often open; After cuttage, every 7 ~ 10 days foliage-spray weight concentration be 0.2 ~ 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate or Ye Mian Bao, large fertile king wherein a kind of aqueous fertilizer solution, until take root; Simultaneously every within 7 ~ 10 days, spraying carbendazim or zineb, the wherein a kind of aqueous solution in first phase topsin that 1 weight concentration is 0.2 ~ 0.5%, infect with preventing disease and pest; Period, cuttings will remove in time if any drying up, going mouldy and fall leaves;
2. manage after taking root:
A, short bud: after cuttage rooting, with the 6-BA liquid of 300 ~ 500mg/L, short bud process is carried out to the cuttings of non-rudiment;
B, hardening: take root latter 15 days, reduce water spray frequency gradually and carry out hardening;
Manage after c, hardening: the control mainly carrying out rich water quality management and damage by disease and insect, can garden be gone out when nursery stock grows tall 10 ~ 15cm.
Above-described matrix I adopts following component and parts by weight: clean fresh yellow soil 60 ~ 65 parts, coconut palm chaff 30 ~ 35 parts, 5 parts, peat, mix, and shift to an earlier date 1 ~ 2d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.2 ~ 0.5% and carry out disinfection, add the root solar water liquid of dilution 1000 ~ 2000 times again, stir and make, humidity is grabbed with hand slightly firmly can have sporadicly several dripping to drip down as well.
The short method of sprouting of above-described truncation is blocked in female seedling base portion distance 30 ~ 50cm place, ground, and be applied to the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 0.5 ~ 1.0%.
Cutting bed described in above step (4) cuttage be set to edge of bed height 30cm, wide l00cm, long 6 ~ 8m; Makes drainage blanket with clean fresh river sand or cobble, drainage blanket thickness 20cm in cutting bed, then load matrix II, matrix II thickness 8 ~ 12cm, and shift to an earlier date 2 ~ 3d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.2 ~ 0.5% matrix II is carried out disinfection.
Above-described matrix II adopts clean fresh yellow soil and clean river sand to mix by the volume ratio of 4:1 to form.
Hormotone solution described in above step (3) cuttings sampling and processing adds after a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolves with indole-3-butyric acid and methyl α-naphthyl acetate mixed-powder, then be mixed with the hormone solution of 1500 ~ 2000mg/L with distilled water.
The present invention has the following advantages and good effect:
1, the propagation method of hair of the present invention purple camellia sprout cuttage, the ground, garden of female Miao Peiyu selects outdoor plot to play furrow dense planting, and cost is low, consumptive material is few, simple to operate, and fringe bar is in large supply.
2, the propagation method of hair of the present invention purple camellia sprout cuttage, female Miao Yizhi applies enough abundant decomposed dungs or compost, fused calcium magnesium phosphate, and this provides sufficient base manure for female Miao Shengchang, growth rapidly, well developed root system.
3, the propagation method of hair of the present invention purple camellia sprout cuttage, the short method of sprouting of truncation is blocked in 30 ~ 50cm place, maternal plant base portion distance ground, because section is low, can promote that maternal plant sprouts sprouting quickly, branch also grows comparatively fast, and the childrenization of low level cutting strunk is effective, the root restriction of fringe bar focuses mostly in base portion, and fringe bar is the most easily taken root.
4. the propagation method of hair of the present invention purple camellia sprout cuttage, selected cutting medium raw material are easy to get, and prepare simple and convenient, propagation method is easily implemented.
5, the propagation method of hair of the present invention purple camellia sprout cuttage, the method for maternal plant management spray plant growth hormone sprays enough 6-BA liquids in that afternoon gathering fringe bar, maternal plant can be impelled to sprout more sproutings, thus spike number amount adopted in raising.
6, the propagation method of hair of the present invention purple camellia sprout cuttage, shorter than the branch of general sprout cuttage when cuttings gathers, and can shorten the interval time that fringe bar gathers, and improves reproductive efficiency.
7, the propagation method of hair of the present invention purple camellia sprout cuttage, female Miao Mengya power is very strong, and sprout measure by short, within 1 year, can carry out 5 ~ 6 cottage propagations, survival rate is high, and take root fast, the nursery stock quantity of acquisition is large.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1:
Growth selection is healthy and strong, without the hair purple camellia branch of damage by disease and insect as layer branch, bark is removed at the base portion 3cm place band girdle of layer branch, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving with indole-3-butyric acid powder, band girdle position is smeared 1 time again with the hormone aqueous solution that distilled water is mixed with 200ppm, slightly do air-dry 5 minutes, according to a conventional method band girdle mouth is wrapped up.The same day or second day spray disinfection sanitizer according to a conventional method to shelling a plant in time, drench to elite stand root once permeable every 15 days later, spray 1 disinfection sanitizer and the foliage fertilizer aqueous solution respectively to the blade of stripping lopwood bar and other branch of elite stand simultaneously; Stripping branch rises after taking root on the 15th day, reduces the frequency of spraying liquid manure gradually and carries out hardening; Continue to carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest.After cutting stripping branch nursery stock, to dip in the dilution of 1.5kg be that yellow soil that 1000 times of root solar water liquid is totally fresh with 5kg mix is starchy slurry I of taking root, and taking-up will shell branch seedling planting to loading in the container of matrix I after drying, normal root water of drenching.Described matrix I adopts clean fresh yellow soil 60 jin, the coconut palm chaff and the 5 jin of peat that add 35 jin mix, and shift to an earlier date 1d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.2% and carry out disinfection, add the root solar water liquid of dilution 1000 times again, stir and make, humidity is grabbed with hand slightly firmly can have sporadicly several dripping to drip down as well.Manage container nursery stock, accomplish that thin fertile duty is executed, the initial stage, based on foliage fertilization, sprayed blade 1 time every 7 days with the aqueous solution of urea that weight concentration is 0.2 ~ 0.3%; After 3 months, monthly root drenches and executes the good peanut press pulp dilution liquid manure of retting that 1 weight concentration is 3%, after 6 months monthly 2 times, be for 2 times monthly now with weight concentration be 0.4 ~ 0.6% carbendazim and weight concentration be the chlorophos of 0.3%, and contain the aqueous solution that weight concentration is the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.2 ~ 0.3%, evenly spray blade; Within every 20 days simultaneously, give container seedling root pouring dilution be the root solar water liquid of 2000 times once, during pouring, action is light and slow, oozes out container bottom for principle there to be a small amount of water liquid; After container seedling cultivates 1 year in container, obtain the purple camellia nursery stock of hair of cultivation container.
Transplant cultivating the purple camellia nursery stock of the hair obtained in mid-January, putting up obscurity before transplanting seedlings is that 50 ~ 60% cool canopies are in order to shading.Select the plot that physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, soil is more fertile, entirely cultivate, arrange the wide 40cm of pavement, the wide 1m of furrow to garden, furrow are long to dig trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, removing grass roots; The field planting bank that length is 50cm is dug by seeding row spacing 50cm × 50cm; Execute decomposed dung 2.5kg to each field planting bank, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.0kg, and mix thoroughly make base manure with table soil.Using purple for hair camellia nursery stock as female Miao Yizhi in field planting bank, backfill table soil fills up bank cave, and a little more than bank face, normal root water of drenching.Female Miao Dingzhi same day, cut by profit and sprout female Miao Jinhang truncation is short, the short method of sprouting of truncation is blocked in female seedling base portion distance 30 ~ 40cm place, ground, and be applied to the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 0.5%.Hair purple camellia Nursery stock transplanting after 30 days, drenched every 15 days and execute the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 0.5%, artificial weeding, wants trickle before and after weeding; To adopting the female Miao Jinhang weeding after fringe, loosening the soil, applying to the female seedling of every strain the fertilizer 2.5kg, the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.5kg that become thoroughly decomposed simultaneously, spray somatotropin simultaneously, is the compound rich water liquid of 0.5% every pouring in 15 days weight concentration, again urge to sprout, the cuttage for next time is got fringe and is prepared.
In late March the first tenday period of a month, from adopting stalwartness that the female seedling of fringe, clip 5 ~ 6cm is long without damage by disease and insect, semi-lignified sprout, as cuttage cuttings.Cut off whole blades of more than cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4cm, only retain 1 ~ 2 leaf on top, and 1 ~ 2 leaf retained is cut into half leaf, then cuttings lower end is cut as angle shape.Cuttings being immersed in weight concentration is take out after the carbendazim sterilization 15min of 0.5%, stand-by after rinsing with clear water.Mix with the ratio of methyl α-naphthyl acetate powder in 10:1 with indole-3-butyric acid, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving, be mixed with the hormotone solution of 1500mg/L again with distilled water, and add appropriate clean talcum powder and be uniformly mixed in starchiness, make slurry II of taking root for subsequent use.
Carry out cuttage in spring, summer or autumn, in green house or in the booth put up, make cutting bed, it is that 50% cool canopy is in order to shading that cutting bed puts up obscurity before cuttage and seedling culture.Cutting bed be set to edge of bed height 30cm, wide l00cm, long 6m; Makes drainage blanket with clean fresh river sand, drainage blanket thickness 20cm in cutting bed, then load matrix II, matrix II thickness 8 ~ 10cm, and shift to an earlier date 2d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.2% matrix II is carried out disinfection.Cutting bed carries out cuttage by the seeding row spacing of 4cm × 6cm; First on seedbed, an aperture is inserted with the small wooden slightly thicker than diameter during cuttage, then cuttings base portion fully being soaked insertion immediately after being stained with slurry II of taking root is equipped with in the cutting bed of matrix II, the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 of cutting length, blade can not juxtaposition, then by matrix II compacting around cuttings; Water 1 permeable double flushing blade after cuttage immediately, cuttings and matrix II are combined closely.Wherein, described matrix II adopts clean fresh yellow soil and clean river sand to mix by the volume ratio of 4:1 to form.
Encircle plastic film cover moisturizing immediately to the cuttings after cuttage, keep matrix II water content 60 ~ 70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%, period moisture preserving cover should not often open; After cuttage, be the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.2 ~ 0.3% every 7 days in foliage-spray weight concentration, until take root.Simultaneously spraying 1 weight concentration every 7 ~ 10 days is the carbendazim of 0.2 ~ 0.5%, infects with preventing disease and pest, period cuttings to remove in time if any drying up, going mouldy and fall leaves.Within 35 days, there is appearance of taking root on a small quantity, after cuttage rooting, with the 6-BA liquid of 300mg/L, short bud process is carried out to the cuttings of non-rudiment; Take root latter 15 days, reduce water spray frequency gradually and carry out hardening; After hardening, management is the control mainly carrying out rich water quality management and damage by disease and insect.Complete investigation survival rate after 90 days, rooting rate reaches 95.0%.Garden can be gone out when nursery stock grows tall 10 ~ 15cm.
Embodiment 2:
Growth selection is healthy and strong, without the hair purple camellia branch of damage by disease and insect as layer branch, bark is removed at base portion 3 ~ 5cm place band girdle of layer branch, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving with indole-3-butyric acid powder, band girdle position is smeared 1 time again with the hormone aqueous solution that distilled water is mixed with 250ppm, slightly do air-dry 5 minutes, according to a conventional method band girdle mouth is wrapped up.The same day sprays disinfection sanitizer according to a conventional method to shelling a plant in time, drenches to elite stand root once permeable every 15 days later, sprays 1 disinfection sanitizer and the foliage fertilizer aqueous solution respectively to the blade of stripping lopwood bar and other branch of elite stand simultaneously; Stripping branch rises after taking root on the 15th day, reduces the frequency of spraying liquid manure gradually and carries out hardening; Continue to carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest.After cutting stripping branch nursery stock, to dip in the dilution of 1.5kg be that yellow soil that 1000 times of root solar water liquid is totally fresh with 5kg mix is starchy slurry I of taking root, and taking-up will shell branch seedling planting to loading in the container of matrix I after drying, normal root water of drenching.Described matrix I adopts clean fresh yellow soil 65 jin, the coconut palm chaff and the 5 jin of peat that add 30 jin mix, and shift to an earlier date 1d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.3% and carry out disinfection, add the root solar water liquid of dilution 1000 times again, stir and make, humidity is grabbed with hand slightly firmly can have sporadicly several dripping to drip down as well.Manage container nursery stock, accomplish that thin fertile duty is executed, the initial stage, based on foliage fertilization, sprayed blade 1 time every 8 days with the carbendazim aqueous solution that weight concentration is 0.4 ~ 0.6%; After 3 months, monthly root drenches and executes the good peanut press pulp dilution liquid manure of retting that 1 weight concentration is 4%, after 6 months monthly 2 times, be for 2 times monthly now with weight concentration be 0.4 ~ 0.6% zineb and weight concentration be the chlorophos of 0.4%, and be the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.2% and the mixed aqueous solution of Ye Mian Bao containing weight concentration, evenly spray blade; Within every 20 days simultaneously, give container seedling root pouring dilution be the root solar water liquid of 2000 times once, during pouring, action is light and slow, oozes out container bottom for principle there to be a small amount of water liquid; After container seedling cultivates 1 year in container, obtain the purple camellia nursery stock of hair of cultivation container.
Transplant cultivating the purple camellia nursery stock of the hair obtained in late January, putting up obscurity before transplanting seedlings is that 55% cool canopy is in order to shading.Select the plot that physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, soil is more fertile, entirely cultivate, arrange the wide 40cm of pavement, the wide 1m of furrow to garden, furrow are long to dig trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, removing grass roots; The field planting bank that length is 60cm is dug by seeding row spacing 50cm × 50cm; Execute decomposed dung 5kg to each field planting bank, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.5kg, and mix thoroughly make base manure with table soil.Using purple for hair camellia nursery stock as female Miao Yizhi in field planting bank, backfill table soil fills up bank cave, and a little more than bank face, normal root water of drenching.Female Miao Dingzhi same day, cut by profit and sprout female Miao Jinhang truncation is short, the short method of sprouting of truncation is blocked in female seedling base portion distance 30 ~ 40cm place, ground, and be applied to the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 0.5%.Hair purple camellia Nursery stock transplanting after 30 days, drenched every 15 days and execute the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 0.5%, artificial weeding, wants trickle before and after weeding; To adopting the female Miao Jinhang weeding after fringe, loosening the soil, applying to the female seedling of every strain the fertilizer 2.5kg, the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.5kg that become thoroughly decomposed simultaneously, spray somatotropin simultaneously, is the compound rich water liquid of 0.5% every pouring in 15 days weight concentration, again urge to sprout, the cuttage for next time is got fringe and is prepared.
In mid-April, from adopting the stalwartness of clip 5 ~ 6cm length the female seedling of fringe without damage by disease and insect, semi-lignified sprout, as cuttage cuttings.Cut off whole blades of more than cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4cm, only retain 1 ~ 2 leaf on top, and 1 ~ 2 leaf retained is cut into half leaf, then cuttings lower end is cut as angle shape.Cuttings being immersed in weight concentration is take out after the carbendazim sterilization 15min of 0.5%, stand-by after rinsing with clear water.Mix with the ratio of methyl α-naphthyl acetate powder in 10:1 with indole-3-butyric acid, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving, be mixed with the hormotone solution of 2000mg/L again with distilled water, and add appropriate clean talcum powder and be uniformly mixed in starchiness, make slurry II of taking root for subsequent use.
Carry out cuttage in summer, in the booth put up, make cutting bed, it is that 55% cool canopy is in order to shading that cutting bed puts up obscurity before cuttage and seedling culture.Cutting bed be set to edge of bed height 30cm, wide l00cm, long 6m; Makes drainage blanket with clean fresh river sand, drainage blanket thickness 20cm in cutting bed, then load matrix II, matrix II thickness 10cm, and shift to an earlier date 2d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.2% matrix II is carried out disinfection.Cutting bed carries out cuttage by the seeding row spacing of 4cm × 6cm; First on seedbed, an aperture is inserted with the small wooden slightly thicker than diameter during cuttage, then cuttings base portion fully being soaked insertion immediately after being stained with slurry II of taking root is equipped with in the cutting bed of matrix II, the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 of cutting length, blade can not juxtaposition, then by matrix II compacting around cuttings; Water 1 permeable double flushing blade after cuttage immediately, cuttings and matrix II are combined closely.Wherein, described matrix II adopts pure clean fresh yellow soil and clean river sand to mix by the volume ratio of 4:1 to form.
Encircle plastic film cover moisturizing immediately to the cuttings after cuttage, keep matrix II water content 60 ~ 65%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%, period moisture preserving cover should not often open; After cuttage, be the Ye Mian Bao of 0.2 ~ 0.3% every 8 days in foliage-spray weight concentration, until take root.Simultaneously spraying 1 weight concentration every 8 days is the zineb of 0.2 ~ 0.5%, infects with preventing disease and pest, period cuttings to remove in time if any drying up, going mouldy and fall leaves.Within 35 days, there is appearance of taking root on a small quantity, after cuttage rooting, with the 6-BA liquid of 400mg/L, short bud process is carried out to the cuttings of non-rudiment; Take root latter 15 days, reduce water spray frequency gradually and carry out hardening; After hardening, management is the control mainly carrying out rich water quality management and damage by disease and insect.Complete investigation survival rate after 90 days, rooting rate reaches 96.5%.Garden can be gone out when nursery stock grows tall 10 ~ 15cm.
Embodiment 3:
Growth selection is healthy and strong, without the hair purple camellia branch of damage by disease and insect as layer branch, bark is removed at base portion 3 ~ 5cm place band girdle of layer branch, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving with indole-3-butyric acid powder, band girdle position is smeared 2 times again with the hormone aqueous solution that distilled water is mixed with 250ppm, slightly do air-dry 10 minutes, according to a conventional method band girdle mouth is wrapped up.Within second day, spraying disinfection sanitizer according to a conventional method to shelling a plant in time, drenching to elite stand root every 15 days once permeable later, 1 disinfection sanitizer and the foliage fertilizer aqueous solution are sprayed respectively to the blade of stripping lopwood bar and other branch of elite stand simultaneously; Stripping branch rises after taking root on the 15th day, reduces the frequency of spraying liquid manure gradually and carries out hardening; Continue to carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest.After cutting stripping branch nursery stock, to dip in the dilution of 1.5kg be that yellow soil that 2000 times of root solar water liquid is totally fresh with 5kg mix is starchy slurry I of taking root, and taking-up will shell branch seedling planting to loading in the container of matrix I after drying, normal root water of drenching.Described matrix I adopts clean fresh yellow soil 60kg, the coconut palm chaff and the 5kg peat that add 35kg mix, and shift to an earlier date 2d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.4% and carry out disinfection, add the root solar water liquid of dilution 2000 times again, stir and make, humidity is grabbed with hand slightly firmly can have sporadicly several dripping to drip down as well.Manage container nursery stock, accomplish that thin fertile duty is executed, the initial stage, based on foliage fertilization, sprayed blade 1 time every 9 days with the zineb aqueous solution that weight concentration is 0.4 ~ 0.6%; After 3 months, monthly root drenches and executes the good peanut press pulp dilution liquid manure of retting that 1 weight concentration is 5%, after 6 months monthly 2 times, be for 2 times monthly now with weight concentration be 0.4 ~ 0.6% first phase topsin and weight concentration be the chlorophos of 0.3%, and be the Ye Mian Bao of 0.2 ~ 0.3% and the mixed aqueous solution of large fertile king containing weight concentration, evenly spray blade; Within every 20 days simultaneously, give container seedling root pouring dilution be the root solar water liquid of 2000 times once, during pouring, action is light and slow, oozes out container bottom for principle there to be a small amount of water liquid; After container seedling cultivates a year and a half in container, obtain the purple camellia nursery stock of hair of cultivation container.
Transplanted cultivating the purple camellia nursery stock of the hair obtained at the beginning of 2 months, putting up obscurity before transplanting seedlings is that 60% cool canopy is in order to shading.Select the plot that physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, soil is more fertile, entirely cultivate, arrange the wide 40cm of pavement, the wide 1m of furrow to garden, furrow are long to dig trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, removing grass roots; The field planting bank that length is 65cm is dug by seeding row spacing 50cm × 50cm; To each field planting bank compost 2.5kg, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.0kg, and mix thoroughly make base manure with table soil.Using purple for hair camellia nursery stock as female Miao Yizhi in field planting bank, backfill table soil fills up bank cave, and a little more than bank face, normal root water of drenching.Female Miao Dingzhi second day, cuts by profit and sprouts female Miao Jinhang truncation is short, and the short method of sprouting of truncation is blocked in female seedling base portion distance 40 ~ 50cm place, ground, and be applied to the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 1.0%.Hair purple camellia Nursery stock transplanting after 30 days, drenched every 15 days and execute the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 1.0%, artificial weeding, wants trickle before and after weeding; To adopting the female Miao Jinhang weeding after fringe, loosening the soil, applying to the female seedling of every strain the fertilizer 2.5kg, the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.5kg that become thoroughly decomposed simultaneously, spray somatotropin simultaneously, is the compound rich water liquid of 1.0% every pouring in 15 days weight concentration, again urge to sprout, the cuttage for next time is got fringe and is prepared.
In early June, from adopting the stalwartness of clip 6 ~ 7cm length the female seedling of fringe without damage by disease and insect, semi-lignified sprout, as cuttage cuttings.Cut off whole blades of more than cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4cm, only retain 1 ~ 2 leaf on top, and 1 ~ 2 leaf retained is cut into half leaf, then cuttings lower end is cut as angle shape.Cuttings being immersed in weight concentration is take out after the carbendazim sterilization 15min of 0.5%, stand-by after rinsing with clear water.Mix with the ratio of methyl α-naphthyl acetate powder in 15:1 with indole-3-butyric acid, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving, be mixed with the hormotone solution of 1500mg/L again with distilled water, and add appropriate clean talcum powder and be uniformly mixed in starchiness, make slurry II of taking root for subsequent use.
Carry out cuttage in summer, in green house, make cutting bed, it is that 55% cool canopy is in order to shading that cutting bed puts up obscurity before cuttage and seedling culture.Cutting bed be set to edge of bed height 30cm, wide l00cm, long 7m; The interior cobble of cutting bed makes drainage blanket, drainage blanket thickness 20cm, then loads matrix II, matrix II thickness 10cm, and shifts to an earlier date 2d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.4% and carry out disinfection to matrix II.Cutting bed carries out cuttage by the seeding row spacing of 4cm × 6cm; First on seedbed, an aperture is inserted with the small wooden slightly thicker than diameter during cuttage, then cuttings base portion fully being soaked insertion immediately after being stained with slurry II of taking root is equipped with in the cutting bed of matrix II, the cuttage degree of depth is 1/3 of cutting length, blade can not juxtaposition, then by matrix II compacting around cuttings; Water 1 permeable double flushing blade after cuttage immediately, cuttings and matrix II are combined closely.Wherein, described matrix II adopts clean fresh yellow soil and clean river sand to mix by the volume ratio of 4:1 to form.
Encircle plastic film cover moisturizing immediately to the cuttings after cuttage, keep matrix II water content 65 ~ 70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%, period moisture preserving cover should not often open; After cuttage, be the large fertile wang aqueous solution of 0.2 ~ 0.3%, until take root every 9 days in foliage-spray weight concentration.Sprayed the first phase topsin that 1 weight concentration is 0.2 ~ 0.5% every 9 days simultaneously, infect with preventing disease and pest, period cuttings to remove in time if any drying up, going mouldy and fall leaves.Within 35 days, there is appearance of taking root on a small quantity, after cuttage rooting, with the 6-BA liquid of 500mg/L, short bud process is carried out to the cuttings of non-rudiment; Take root latter 15 days, reduce water spray frequency gradually and carry out hardening; After hardening, management is the control mainly carrying out rich water quality management and damage by disease and insect.Complete investigation survival rate after 90 days, rooting rate reaches 98.0%.Garden can be gone out when nursery stock grows tall 10 ~ 15cm.
Embodiment 4:
Growth selection is healthy and strong, without the hair purple camellia branch of damage by disease and insect as layer branch, bark is removed at the base portion 5cm place band girdle of layer branch, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving with indole-3-butyric acid powder, band girdle position is smeared 2 times again with the hormone aqueous solution that distilled water is mixed with 300ppm, slightly do air-dry 10 minutes, according to a conventional method band girdle mouth is wrapped up.Within second day, spraying disinfection sanitizer according to a conventional method to shelling a plant in time, drenching to elite stand root every 15 days once permeable later, 1 disinfection sanitizer and the foliage fertilizer aqueous solution are sprayed respectively to the blade of stripping lopwood bar and other branch of elite stand simultaneously; Stripping branch rises after taking root on the 15th day, reduces the frequency of spraying liquid manure gradually and carries out hardening; Continue to carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest.After cutting stripping branch nursery stock, to dip in the dilution of 1.5kg be that yellow soil that 2000 times of root solar water liquid is totally fresh with 5kg mix is starchy slurry I of taking root, and taking-up will shell branch seedling planting to loading in the container of matrix I after drying, normal root water of drenching.Described matrix I adopts clean fresh yellow soil 65kg, the coconut palm chaff and the 5kg peat that add 30kg mix, and shift to an earlier date 2d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.5% and carry out disinfection, add the root solar water liquid of dilution 2000 times again, stir and make, humidity is grabbed with hand slightly firmly can have sporadicly several dripping to drip down as well.Manage container nursery stock, accomplish that thin fertile duty is executed, the initial stage, based on foliage fertilization, every 10 days was that in the first phase topsin of 0.4 ~ 0.6%, the aqueous solution sprays blade 1 time by weight concentration; After 3 months, monthly root drenches and executes the good peanut press pulp dilution liquid manure of retting that 1 weight concentration is 5%, after 6 months monthly 2 times, be for 2 times monthly now with weight concentration be 0.4 ~ 0.6% first phase topsin and weight concentration be the chlorophos of .5%, and be the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.2 ~ 0.3%, the mixed aqueous solution of Ye Mian Bao and large fertile king containing weight concentration, evenly spray blade; Within every 20 days simultaneously, give container seedling root pouring dilution be the root solar water liquid of 2000 times once, during pouring, action is light and slow, oozes out container bottom for principle there to be a small amount of water liquid; After container seedling cultivates a year and a half in container, obtain the purple camellia nursery stock of hair of cultivation container.
Transplanted cultivating the purple camellia nursery stock of the hair obtained at the beginning of 2 months, putting up obscurity before transplanting seedlings is that 50 ~ 60% cool canopies are in order to shading.Select the plot that physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, soil is more fertile, entirely cultivate, arrange the wide 40cm of pavement, the wide 1m of furrow to garden, furrow are long to dig trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, removing grass roots; The field planting bank that length is 70cm is dug by seeding row spacing 50cm × 50cm; To each field planting bank compost 5kg, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.5kg, and mix thoroughly make base manure with table soil.Using purple for hair camellia nursery stock as female Miao Yizhi in field planting bank, backfill table soil fills up bank cave, and a little more than bank face, normal root water of drenching.Female Miao Dingzhi second day, cuts by profit and sprouts female Miao Jinhang truncation is short, and the short method of sprouting of truncation is blocked in female seedling base portion distance 40 ~ 50cm place, ground, and be applied to the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 1.0%.Hair purple camellia Nursery stock transplanting after 30 days, drenched every 15 days and execute the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 1.0%, artificial weeding, wants trickle before and after weeding; To adopting the female Miao Jinhang weeding after fringe, loosening the soil, applying to the female seedling of every strain the fertilizer 2.5kg, the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.5kg that become thoroughly decomposed simultaneously, spray somatotropin simultaneously, is the compound rich water liquid of 1.0% every pouring in 15 days weight concentration, again urge to sprout, the cuttage for next time is got fringe and is prepared.
In early September, from adopting the stalwartness of clip 7 ~ 8cm length the female seedling of fringe without damage by disease and insect, semi-lignified sprout, as cuttage cuttings.Cut off whole blades of more than cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4cm, only retain 1 ~ 2 leaf on top, and 1 ~ 2 leaf retained is cut into half leaf, then cuttings lower end is cut as angle shape.Cuttings being immersed in weight concentration is take out after the carbendazim sterilization 15min of 0.5%, stand-by after rinsing with clear water.Mix with the ratio of methyl α-naphthyl acetate powder in 20:1 with indole-3-butyric acid, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving, be mixed with the hormotone solution of 2000mg/L again with distilled water, and add appropriate clean talcum powder and be uniformly mixed in starchiness, make slurry II of taking root for subsequent use.
Carry out cuttage in the fall, in green house or in the booth put up, make cutting bed, it is that 50 ~ 60% cool canopies are in order to shading that cutting bed puts up obscurity before cuttage and seedling culture.Cutting bed be set to edge of bed height 30cm, wide l00cm, long 8m; The interior cobble of cutting bed makes drainage blanket, drainage blanket thickness 20cm, then loads matrix II, matrix II thickness 10 ~ 12cm, and shifts to an earlier date 3d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.5% and carry out disinfection to matrix II.Cutting bed carries out cuttage by the seeding row spacing of 4cm × 6cm; First on seedbed, an aperture is inserted with the small wooden slightly thicker than diameter during cuttage, then cuttings base portion fully being soaked insertion immediately after being stained with slurry II of taking root is equipped with in the cutting bed of matrix II, the cuttage degree of depth is 1/3 of cutting length, blade can not juxtaposition, then by matrix II compacting around cuttings; Water 1 permeable double flushing blade after cuttage immediately, cuttings and matrix II are combined closely.Wherein, described matrix II adopts clean fresh yellow soil and clean river sand to mix by the volume ratio of 4:1 to form.
Encircle plastic film cover moisturizing immediately to the cuttings after cuttage, keep matrix II water content 60 ~ 70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%, period moisture preserving cover should not often open; After cuttage, be the large fertile king of 0.3%, until take root every 10 days in foliage-spray weight concentration.Sprayed the first phase topsin that 1 weight concentration is 0.2 ~ 0.5% every 10 days simultaneously, infect with preventing disease and pest, period cuttings to remove in time if any drying up, going mouldy and fall leaves.Within 35 days, there is appearance of taking root on a small quantity, after cuttage rooting, with the 6-BA liquid of 500mg/L, short bud process is carried out to the cuttings of non-rudiment; Take root latter 15 days, reduce water spray frequency gradually and carry out hardening; After hardening, management is the control mainly carrying out rich water quality management and damage by disease and insect.Complete investigation survival rate after 90 days, rooting rate reaches 93.0%.Garden can be gone out when wooden seedling grows tall 10 ~ 15cm.

Claims (2)

1. the propagation method of hair purple camellia sprout cuttage, it is characterized in that: after comprising cultivating seedlings, female Miao Peiyu, cuttings sampling and processing, cuttage and cuttage, manage operation, carry out with being transplanted to garden cultivating, urging to sprout as adopting the female seedling of fringe using cultivating the purple camellia nursery stock of the hair obtained, gather the purple camellia sprout of hair as tloig-cutlage in the cutting bed that cutting medium is housed, control illumination in cutting bed, relative moisture and water content of substrate, obtain hair purple camellia cuttage nursery stock, its concrete operation step is as follows:
(1) cultivating seedlings:
1. aerial layer: growth selection is healthy and strong, without the hair purple camellia branch of damage by disease and insect as layer branch, bark is removed at base portion 3 ~ 5cm place band girdle of layer branch, after adding a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolving with indole-3-butyric acid powder, band girdle position is smeared 1 ~ 2 time again with the hormone aqueous solution that distilled water is mixed with 200 ~ 300ppm, slightly do air-dry 5 ~ 10 minutes, according to a conventional method band girdle mouth is wrapped up;
2. manage after shelling branch: the same day or second day spray disinfection sanitizer according to a conventional method to shelling a plant in time, drenched to elite stand root every 15 days once permeable later, 1 disinfection sanitizer and foliage fertilizer mixed aqueous solution are sprayed respectively to the blade of stripping lopwood bar and other branch of elite stand simultaneously; Stripping branch rises after taking root on the 15th day, reduces the frequency of spraying liquid manure gradually and carries out hardening; Continue to carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest;
3. branch nursery stock transplanting is shelled: after cutting stripping branch nursery stock, dipping in the dilution of 1.5kg is that the yellow soil that 1000 ~ 2000 times of root solar water liquid is totally fresh with 5kg mixes in starchy slurry I of taking root, take out after drying and will shell branch seedling planting to loading in the container of matrix I, normal root water of drenching;
Described matrix I adopts following component and parts by weight: clean fresh yellow soil 60 ~ 65 parts, coconut palm chaff 30 ~ 35 parts, 5 parts, peat, mix, and shift to an earlier date 1 ~ 2d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.2 ~ 0.5% and carry out disinfection, add the root solar water liquid of dilution 1000 ~ 2000 times again, stir and make, humidity is grabbed with hand slightly firmly can have sporadicly several dripping to drip down as well;
4. container seedling wooden pipe reason: accomplish that thin fertile duty is executed, initial stage based on foliage fertilization, every within 7 ~ 10 days, by weight concentration be 0.2 ~ 0.3% urea, 0.4 ~ 0.6% carbendazim, 0.4 ~ 0.6% zineb, 0.4 ~ 0.6% first phase topsin in a kind of aqueous solution spray blade 1 time; After 3 months, monthly root drenches and executes the good peanut press pulp dilution liquid manure of retting that 1 weight concentration is 3 ~ 5%, after 6 months monthly 2 times, for 2 times be monthly now the chlorophos of 0.3 ~ 0.5% by carbendazim, zineb, a kind of and weight concentration in first phase topsin that weight concentration is 0.4 ~ 0.6%, and containing weight concentration be 0.2 ~ 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Ye Mian Bao, more than one fertilizer in large fertile king the aqueous solution, evenly spray blade; Within every 20 days simultaneously, give container seedling root pouring dilution be the root solar water liquid of 2000 times once, during pouring, action is light and slow, oozes out container bottom for principle there to be a small amount of water liquid; After container seedling cultivates 1 year or a year and a half in container, obtain the purple camellia nursery stock of hair of cultivation container, for subsequent use;
(2) female Miao Peiyu:
1. cool canopy is built: putting up obscurity before transplanting seedlings is that 50 ~ 60% cool canopies are in order to shading;
2. ground, garden prepares: select the plot that physical features is smooth, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are convenient, soil is more fertile, entirely cultivate, arrange the wide 40cm of pavement, the wide 1m of furrow to garden, and furrow are long to dig trenches to drain the water away on the spot according to landform, and hack is smooth, removing grass roots; The field planting bank that length is not less than 50cm is dug by seeding row spacing 50cm × 50cm; Execute decomposed dung or compost 2.5 ~ 5kg to each field planting bank, fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.0 ~ 2.5kg, and mix thoroughly make base manure with table soil;
3. female Miao Yizhi: mid-January ~ will the nursery stock that obtains be cultivated as female Miao Yizhi in field planting bank at the beginning of 2 months, backfill table soil fills up bank cave, and a little more than bank face, normal root water of drenching;
4. truncation is short sprouts: female Miao Dingzhi same day or second day, cuts sprout female Miao Jinhang truncation is short by profit;
The short method of sprouting of described truncation is blocked in female seedling base portion distance 30 ~ 50cm place, ground, and be applied to the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 0.5 ~ 1.0%;
5. female Miao Guanli: Nursery stock transplanting is after 30 days, drenched every 15 days and execute the compound rich water liquid that weight concentration is 0.5 ~ 1.0%, artificial weeding, wants trickle before and after weeding; To adopting the female Miao Jinhang weeding after fringe, loosening the soil, the fertilizer 2.5kg, the fused calcium magnesium phosphate 2.5kg that become thoroughly decomposed are applied to the female seedling of every strain simultaneously, spray somatotropin simultaneously, every the compound rich water liquid that pouring in 15 days weight concentration is 0.5 ~ 1.0%, again urge to sprout, the cuttage for next time is got fringe and is prepared;
(3) cuttings sampling and processing:
1. cuttings collection: in late March ~ early September, from adopting the stalwartness of clip 5 ~ 8cm length the female seedling of fringe without damage by disease and insect, semi-lignified sprout, as cuttage cuttings;
2. fringe bar is pruned: the whole blades cutting off more than cuttings base portion 3 ~ 4cm, only retains 1 ~ 2 leaf on top, and 1 ~ 2 leaf retained is cut into half leaf, then is cut cuttings lower end as angle shape;
3. disinfect: cuttings being immersed in weight concentration is take out after the carbendazim sterilization 15min of 0.5%, stand-by after rinsing with clear water;
4. slurry of taking root prepares: be hybridly prepared into certain density hormotone solution with indole-3-butyric acid and methyl α-naphthyl acetate powder in the ratio of 10 ~ 20:1, and add appropriate clean talcum powder and be uniformly mixed in starchiness, make slurry II of taking root for subsequent use;
Described hormotone solution adds after a small amount of 95% industrial alcohol dissolves with indole-3-butyric acid and methyl α-naphthyl acetate mixed-powder, then be mixed with the hormone solution of 1500 ~ 2000mg/L with distilled water;
(4) cuttage:
1. build cool canopy: in green house or in the booth put up, make cutting bed, it is that 50 ~ 60% cool canopies are in order to shading that cutting bed puts up obscurity before cuttage and seedling culture;
2. cutting time: carry out cuttage in spring, summer or autumn;
3. cottage method: carry out cuttage by the seeding row spacing of 4cm × 6cm on cutting bed; First on seedbed, an aperture is inserted with the small wooden slightly thicker than diameter during cuttage, then cuttings base portion fully being soaked insertion immediately after being stained with slurry II of taking root is equipped with in the cutting bed of matrix II, the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 ~ 1/3 of cutting length, blade can not juxtaposition, then by matrix II compacting around cuttings; Water 1 permeable double flushing blade after cuttage immediately, cuttings and matrix II are combined closely;
Described matrix II be adopt clean fresh yellow soil and clean river sand by 4: 1 volume ratio mix and form;
(5) manage after cuttage:
1. cuttage management: plastic film cover moisturizing is encircleed immediately to the cuttings after cuttage, keep matrix II water content 60 ~ 70%, relative moisture remains on more than 90%, period moisture preserving cover should not often open; After cuttage, every 7 ~ 10 days foliage-spray weight concentration be 0.2 ~ 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate or Ye Mian Bao, large fertile king wherein a kind of aqueous fertilizer solution, until take root; Sprayed every 7 ~ 10 days simultaneously 1 weight concentration be 0.2 ~ 0.5% carbendazim or zineb, first phase topsin wherein a kind of aqueous solution, infect with preventing disease and pest; Period, cuttings will remove in time if any drying up, going mouldy and fall leaves;
2. manage after taking root:
A, short bud: after cuttage rooting, with the 6-BA liquid of 300 ~ 500mg/L, short bud process is carried out to the cuttings of non-rudiment;
B, hardening: take root latter 15 days, reduce water spray frequency gradually and carry out hardening;
Manage after c, hardening: the control mainly carrying out rich water quality management and damage by disease and insect, can garden be gone out when nursery stock high 10 ~ 15cm.
2. the propagation method of a kind of mao of purple camellia sprout according to claim 1 cuttage, is characterized in that: cutting bed described in step (4) cuttage be set to edge of bed height 30cm, wide l00cm, long 6 ~ 8m; Makes drainage blanket with clean fresh river sand or cobble, drainage blanket thickness 20cm in cutting bed, then load matrix II, matrix II thickness 8 ~ 12cm, and shift to an earlier date 2 ~ 3d with the liquor potassic permanganate that weight concentration is 0.2 ~ 0.5% matrix II is carried out disinfection.
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