CN105557432A - Cuttage seedling raising method for promoting quick growth of yellow tea - Google Patents

Cuttage seedling raising method for promoting quick growth of yellow tea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105557432A
CN105557432A CN201610016377.5A CN201610016377A CN105557432A CN 105557432 A CN105557432 A CN 105557432A CN 201610016377 A CN201610016377 A CN 201610016377A CN 105557432 A CN105557432 A CN 105557432A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cuttage
parts
cuttings
soil
yellow tea
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201610016377.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
盛茂贵
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Langxi County Yaocun Village Shengmaogui Tea Planting Family Farm
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Langxi County Yaocun Village Shengmaogui Tea Planting Family Farm
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Application filed by Langxi County Yaocun Village Shengmaogui Tea Planting Family Farm filed Critical Langxi County Yaocun Village Shengmaogui Tea Planting Family Farm
Priority to CN201610016377.5A priority Critical patent/CN105557432A/en
Publication of CN105557432A publication Critical patent/CN105557432A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention discloses a cuttage seedling raising method for promoting quick growth of yellow tea, and relates to the technical field of tea seedling raising. The method comprises the following steps: performing cuttage in a cuttage season; performing twig picking; performing twig soaking: soaking the picked twigs in a soaking solution, wherein the soaking solution comprises the following components in parts by weight: 4-6 parts of sepiolite powder, 20-50 parts of purified water, 3-4 parts of nonylphenol polyoxyethylene ether, 3-4 parts of tartaric acid and 1-3 parts of potassium oxalate; performing land treatment: forming a grass clipping stack with the bottom diameter of 1-2m on the upper side of the soil in cuttage preparation, igniting the lower part of the grass clipping stack, burning for 1-2 days, applying water and covering the upper part with dry grass; performing cutting of cuttings; performing hormone treatment of cuttings; performing cuttage; and performing management: applying water once per 15 days after cuttage, spraying with a 0.1% carbendazim solution, applying organic fertilizer to cuttage seedlings when each cuttage seedling grows to have more than three new leaves, and adding a microbial preparation of bacillus megatherium and bacillus mucilaginosus into the organic fertilizer. According to the method, relatively numerous twigs grow out, the rotting is difficultly caused, a great number of roots grow out, the survival rate is high, the growth speed is high, and the post-planting yield is high.

Description

A kind ofly promote the cuttage and seedling culture method that yellow tea grows fast
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the seedling growing process field of tealeaves, particularly relate to a kind of cuttage and seedling culture method that yellow tea grows fast that promotes.
Background technology:
Yellow tea is special product of China.It is divided into again yellow young tea leaves, Huang little Cha and Huang great Cha by fresh leaf old tender shoots leaf size.Yellow young tea leaves mainly contains Junshan Silver Needle Tea, covers the yellow bud of the yellow bud in top and Huoshan; As Weishanmajian, spring city is red, spring city is green, Pingyang Huangtang etc. all belongs to Huang little Cha; The western Jinzhai County of Anhui Province, Huoshan, the Yingshan Mountains, Hubei and Guangdong great Ye green grass or young crops are then Huang great Cha.The quality characteristic of yellow tea is " yellow leaf yellow stuff ".Yueyang, hunan is Chinese Yellow Cha Zhi township.Yellow tea relative to other tea kinds, output is lower, the main and rarer relation of its branches and leaves.During yellow tea nursery, the variability of tea seed nursery offspring is larger, therefore the method for cuttage is generally adopted, survival rate during existing yellow tea cuttage is low, need a large amount of moisture when mainly concentrating on cuttage, the cuttings of yellow tea is easy to lack of water drying, particularly in the upper and lower end parts of cuttings, and also have the possibility of rotting, the rooting rate of bottom is low, and the seedling branch of cuttage is few, yields poorly after planting.
Summary of the invention:
It is more that technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of branch, and take root many, survival rate is high, fast growth, the cuttage and seedling culture method of the yellow tea that output is high after plantation.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
Promote to it is characterized in that the cuttage and seedling culture method that yellow tea grows fast: comprise the following steps,
Cuttage season: cuttage is in January;
Adopt branch: adopt fringe maternal plant garden and stay foster young sprout middle and lower part to be rufous, axillalry bud expands or sprouts, blade maturation, just can intercept the cuttage of cuttage secateurs fringe;
Bubble branch: be placed in soak by the branch of harvesting and soak, described soak comprises following component by weight, sepiolite powder 4 ~ 6 parts, pure water 20 ~ 50 parts, polyoxyethylene nonylphenol ether 3 ~ 4 parts, 3 ~ 4 parts, tartaric acid and potassium oxalate 1 ~ 3 part;
Land treatment systems: be piled into the grass bits heap that base diameter is 1 ~ 2 meter on the upside of the soil that cuttage prepares, right meeting is ignited from the bottom of grass bits heap, fire 1 ~ 2 day, insert on the ground before the soil after then being fired haystack bottom and plant ash uniform spreading are sprinkled upon, the upper back hay that waters covers;
Cuttings clip: the cuttings of transplant clip axillalry bud, a slice true leaf, an internode, is about 3 ~ 4Cm, otch is in the shape of the letter V groove, be conducive to taking root, and bottom has larger water-absorption surface sum and to take root area, is also conducive to taking root, improve survival rate, the petiole of cuttings stays stake 2 ~ 3mm;
Cuttings HORMONE TREATMENT: auxin process cuttings energy hestening rooting, uses heteroauxin 450PPM, production increasing agent 32PPM auximone, and tea tree cuttings base portion is dipped in dipping and painting;
Cottage method: cuttage spacing in the rows is 3 centimetres, line-spacing is 8 centimetres, and every mu of cuttage number is 220,000 ~ 250,000 strains, and insert 2/3rds in soil through hay during cuttage, bud-leaf handle exposes native face, and by the soil compaction near cuttings, limit insert edge waters;
Management: management was watered once every 15 days after inserting, regularly with 0.1% carbendazim solution spraying, when cuttage seeding grows to more than 3 young leaves, applies fertilizer to it, and in fertilizer, adds the microorganism formulation of bacillus megaterium and gel-shaped bacillus.
5 ~ June sprays alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer solution on the blade face of seedlings, the dilution ratio of described alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer is 1:600 ~ 700, also add in alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer and have the hyaluronic acid of 3% ~ 5% and the binding agent of 3% ~ 5%, after mid or late October, root system stopped growing, transplant nursery stock, seeding row spacing is 18 ~ 25cm.
Described adhesive is bentonite.
The present invention, carrying out the process of bubble branch before cuttage, not only has bactericidal action, but also can strengthen the water absorbing capacity of cuttings, makes cuttings be not easy to lose moisture, thus improves the survival rate of yellow tea cuttage.Foliage-spray alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer solution in 5 ~ June to tealeaves in the present invention, greatly can promote the growth of branches and leaves, particularly promote branch growth, favourable raising output.The present invention carries out earth burning to the soil of cuttage, not only can provide more potash fertilizer, and trace element, but also can the effects such as sterilization be played, hay is coated with on the top of earth burning in the present invention, not only can keep the moisture of soil, and the time of cuttage in the present invention comparatively early has the effect of insulation.
Microorganism formulation in the present invention can improve soil environment, strengthen the absorbing capacity of yellow tea root, increase the resistance of yellow tea, strengthen photosynthesis, improve utility rate of luminous energy, and the quality of yellow tea can be improved, in the tealeaves of harvesting, potassium, vitamin, calcium content all significantly improve, and the plant of yellow tea is high, the number of blade, stem are slightly all significantly increased.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: branch of the present invention is more, be not easy to rot, take root many, survival rate is high, fast growth, and after plantation, output is high.
Embodiment:
The present invention is further illustrated below by embodiment.
Promote to comprise the following steps the cuttage and seedling culture method that yellow tea grows fast,
Cuttage season: cuttage is in January;
Adopt branch: adopt fringe maternal plant garden and stay foster young sprout middle and lower part to be rufous, axillalry bud expands or sprouts, blade maturation, just can intercept the cuttage of cuttage secateurs fringe;
Bubble branch: be placed in soak by the branch of harvesting and soak, described soak comprises following component by weight, sepiolite powder 4 ~ 6 parts, pure water 20 ~ 50 parts, polyoxyethylene nonylphenol ether 3 ~ 4 parts, 3 ~ 4 parts, tartaric acid and potassium oxalate 1 ~ 3 part;
Land treatment systems: be piled into the grass bits heap that base diameter is 1 ~ 2 meter on the upside of the soil that cuttage prepares, right meeting is ignited from the bottom of grass bits heap, fire 1 ~ 2 day, insert on the ground before the soil after then being fired haystack bottom and plant ash uniform spreading are sprinkled upon, the upper back hay that waters covers;
Cuttings clip: the cuttings of transplant clip axillalry bud, a slice true leaf, an internode, is about 3 ~ 4Cm, otch is in the shape of the letter V groove, petiole stays stake 2 ~ 3mm;
Cuttings HORMONE TREATMENT: auxin process cuttings energy hestening rooting, uses heteroauxin 450PPM, production increasing agent 32PPM auximone, and tea tree cuttings base portion is dipped in dipping and painting;
Cottage method: cuttage spacing in the rows is 3 centimetres, line-spacing is 8 centimetres, and every mu of cuttage number is 220,000 ~ 250,000 strains, and insert 2/3rds in soil through hay during cuttage, bud-leaf handle exposes native face, and by the soil compaction near cuttings, limit insert edge waters;
Management: management was watered once every 15 days after inserting, regularly with 0.1% carbendazim solution spraying, when cuttage seeding grows to more than 3 young leaves, applies fertilizer to it, and in fertilizer, adds the microorganism formulation of bacillus megaterium and gel-shaped bacillus.
5 ~ June sprays alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer solution on the blade face of seedlings, the dilution ratio of alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer is 1:600 ~ 700, also add in alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer and have the hyaluronic acid of 3% ~ 5% and the binding agent of 3% ~ 5%, after mid or late October, root system stopped growing, transplant nursery stock, seeding row spacing is 18 ~ 25cm.
Adhesive is bentonite.
The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. promote to it is characterized in that the cuttage and seedling culture method that yellow tea grows fast: comprise the following steps,
Cuttage season: cuttage is in January;
Adopt branch: adopt fringe maternal plant garden and stay foster young sprout middle and lower part to be rufous, axillalry bud expands or sprouts, blade maturation, just can intercept the cuttage of cuttage secateurs fringe;
Bubble branch: be placed in soak by the branch of harvesting and soak, described soak comprises following component by weight, sepiolite powder 4 ~ 6 parts, pure water 20 ~ 50 parts, polyoxyethylene nonylphenol ether 3 ~ 4 parts, 3 ~ 4 parts, tartaric acid and potassium oxalate 1 ~ 3 part;
Land treatment systems: be piled into the grass bits heap that base diameter is 1 ~ 2 meter on the upside of the soil that cuttage prepares, right meeting is ignited from the bottom of grass bits heap, fire 1 ~ 2 day, insert on the ground before the soil after then being fired haystack bottom and plant ash uniform spreading are sprinkled upon, the upper back hay that waters covers;
Cuttings clip: the cuttings of transplant clip axillalry bud, a slice true leaf, an internode, is about 3 ~ 4Cm, otch is in the shape of the letter V groove, petiole stays stake 2 ~ 3mm;
Cuttings HORMONE TREATMENT: auxin process cuttings energy hestening rooting, uses heteroauxin 450PPM, production increasing agent 32PPM auximone, and tea tree cuttings base portion is dipped in dipping and painting;
Cottage method: cuttage spacing in the rows is 3 centimetres, line-spacing is 8 centimetres, and every mu of cuttage number is 220,000 ~ 250,000 strains, and insert 2/3rds in soil through hay during cuttage, bud-leaf handle exposes native face, and by the soil compaction near cuttings, limit insert edge waters;
Management: management was watered once every 15 days after inserting, regularly with 0.1% carbendazim solution spraying, when cuttage seeding grows to more than 3 young leaves, applies fertilizer to it, and in fertilizer, adds the microorganism formulation of bacillus megaterium and gel-shaped bacillus.
2. a kind of cuttage and seedling culture method that yellow tea grows fast that promotes according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: 5 ~ June sprays alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer solution on the blade face of seedlings, the dilution ratio of described alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer is 1:600 ~ 700, also add in alginic acid solubility foliage fertilizer and have the hyaluronic acid of 3% ~ 5% and the binding agent of 3% ~ 5%, after mid or late October, root system stopped growing, transplant nursery stock, seeding row spacing is 18 ~ 25cm.
3. a kind of cuttage and seedling culture method that yellow tea grows fast that promotes according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described adhesive is bentonite.
CN201610016377.5A 2016-01-07 2016-01-07 Cuttage seedling raising method for promoting quick growth of yellow tea Withdrawn CN105557432A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109005984A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-18 吴亚琴 A kind of oil-tea sprout with grafting survives agent and preparation method thereof with environmental protection

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CN1390442A (en) * 2001-10-26 2003-01-15 衡东县农业局 Technique for cutting reproduction and directional transplant of vine tea
CN1631115A (en) * 2004-12-16 2005-06-29 中国科学院武汉植物园 Rapid breeding method of rabdosia germchit
CN101530063A (en) * 2009-04-03 2009-09-16 湖南省林业科学院 Rapid propagation method for clonal tissue culture of oil tea
CN102812838A (en) * 2012-08-31 2012-12-12 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting
CN104322242A (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-02-04 郎溪庆林生态特色农业观光园有限公司 Cutting seedling raising method for promoting growth of yellow tea by using microorganisms
CN104488640A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-08 广德县桃州镇横山中路乐府肥羊 Cultivating method for large seedling of blueberry during transplantation period
CN104893737A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-09-09 和县正林苗木专业合作社 Water-retaining agent for cuttage planting of bamboo willow and usage method thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1390442A (en) * 2001-10-26 2003-01-15 衡东县农业局 Technique for cutting reproduction and directional transplant of vine tea
CN1631115A (en) * 2004-12-16 2005-06-29 中国科学院武汉植物园 Rapid breeding method of rabdosia germchit
CN101530063A (en) * 2009-04-03 2009-09-16 湖南省林业科学院 Rapid propagation method for clonal tissue culture of oil tea
CN102812838A (en) * 2012-08-31 2012-12-12 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting
CN104322242A (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-02-04 郎溪庆林生态特色农业观光园有限公司 Cutting seedling raising method for promoting growth of yellow tea by using microorganisms
CN104488640A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-08 广德县桃州镇横山中路乐府肥羊 Cultivating method for large seedling of blueberry during transplantation period
CN104893737A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-09-09 和县正林苗木专业合作社 Water-retaining agent for cuttage planting of bamboo willow and usage method thereof

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Title
陈志言: "人参榕田间栽培技术", 《林业科学》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109005984A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-18 吴亚琴 A kind of oil-tea sprout with grafting survives agent and preparation method thereof with environmental protection

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Application publication date: 20160511