CN107836066A - Adapter and charge control method - Google Patents

Adapter and charge control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107836066A
CN107836066A CN201780001158.2A CN201780001158A CN107836066A CN 107836066 A CN107836066 A CN 107836066A CN 201780001158 A CN201780001158 A CN 201780001158A CN 107836066 A CN107836066 A CN 107836066A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
adapter
voltage
current
charging
output
Prior art date
Application number
CN201780001158.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田晨
张加亮
Original Assignee
广东欧珀移动通信有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CNPCT/CN2016/073679 priority Critical
Priority to PCT/CN2016/073679 priority patent/WO2017133001A1/en
Priority to CN201610600612 priority
Priority to CN2016106006123 priority
Application filed by 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 filed Critical 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司
Priority to PCT/CN2017/070528 priority patent/WO2017133388A1/en
Publication of CN107836066A publication Critical patent/CN107836066A/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
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    • H02J7/02Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters
    • H02J7/027Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters with safety or indicating device
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R15/00Details of measuring arrangements of the types provided for in groups G01R17/00 - G01R29/00 and G01R33/00 - G01R35/00
    • G01R15/14Adaptations providing voltage or current isolation, e.g. for high-voltage or high-current networks
    • G01R15/144Measuring arrangements for voltage not covered by other subgroups of G01R15/14
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R19/00Arrangements for measuring currents or voltages or for indicating presence or sign thereof
    • G01R19/04Measuring peak values or amplitude or envelope of ac or of pulses
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R19/00Arrangements for measuring currents or voltages or for indicating presence or sign thereof
    • G01R19/25Arrangements for measuring currents or voltages or for indicating presence or sign thereof using digital measurement techniques
    • G01R19/2506Arrangements for conditioning or analysing measured signals, e.g. for indicating peak values ; Details concerning sampling, digitizing or waveform capturing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R19/00Arrangements for measuring currents or voltages or for indicating presence or sign thereof
    • G01R19/25Arrangements for measuring currents or voltages or for indicating presence or sign thereof using digital measurement techniques
    • G01R19/2506Arrangements for conditioning or analysing measured signals, e.g. for indicating peak values ; Details concerning sampling, digitizing or waveform capturing
    • G01R19/2509Details concerning sampling, digitizing or waveform capturing
    • GPHYSICS
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    • G01R29/12Measuring electrostatic fields or voltage-potential
    • GPHYSICS
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    • G01R31/02Testing of electric apparatus, lines or components, for short-circuits, discontinuities, leakage of current, or incorrect line connection
    • G01R31/04Testing connections, e.g. of plugs, of non-disconnectable joints
    • GPHYSICS
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    • H02J7/0022Management of charging with batteries permanently connected to charge circuit
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    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/02Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/04Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/10Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode
    • H02M3/145Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/155Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/156Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of output voltage or current, e.g. switching regulators
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    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/22Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/24Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/28Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac
    • H02M3/325Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/335Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
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    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/22Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/24Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/28Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac
    • H02M3/325Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/335Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/33507Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of the output voltage or current
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/22Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/24Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/28Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac
    • H02M3/325Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/335Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/33507Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of the output voltage or current
    • H02M3/33515Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of the output voltage or current with digital control
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/22Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/24Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/28Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac
    • H02M3/325Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/335Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/33507Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of the output voltage or current
    • H02M3/33523Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of the output voltage or current with galvanic isolation between input and output
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/22Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/24Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/28Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac
    • H02M3/325Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/335Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/33538Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only of the forward type
    • H02M3/33546Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only of the forward type with automatic control of the output voltage or current
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/22Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/24Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/28Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac
    • H02M3/325Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/335Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/33569Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having several active switching elements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/22Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/24Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/28Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac
    • H02M3/325Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/335Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/33569Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having several active switching elements
    • H02M3/33576Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having several active switching elements having at least one active switching element at the secondary side of an isolation transformer
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/22Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/24Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/28Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac
    • H02M3/325Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/335Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/33569Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having several active switching elements
    • H02M3/33576Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having several active switching elements having at least one active switching element at the secondary side of an isolation transformer
    • H02M3/33592Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having several active switching elements having at least one active switching element at the secondary side of an isolation transformer having a synchronous rectifier circuit or a synchronous freewheeling circuit at the secondary side of an isolation transformer
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M5/00Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases
    • H02M5/02Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases without intermediate conversion into dc
    • H02M5/04Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases without intermediate conversion into dc by static converters
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    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M7/00Conversion of ac power input into dc power output; Conversion of dc power input into ac power output
    • H02M7/02Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal
    • H02M7/04Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal by static converters
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M7/00Conversion of ac power input into dc power output; Conversion of dc power input into ac power output
    • H02M7/02Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal
    • H02M7/04Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal by static converters
    • H02M7/06Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal by static converters using discharge tubes without control electrode or semiconductor devices without control electrode
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M7/00Conversion of ac power input into dc power output; Conversion of dc power input into ac power output
    • H02M7/02Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal
    • H02M7/04Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal by static converters
    • H02M7/12Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode
    • H02M7/21Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M7/217Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
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    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03MCODING; DECODING; CODE CONVERSION IN GENERAL
    • H03M1/00Analogue/digital conversion; Digital/analogue conversion
    • H03M1/66Digital/analogue converters
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    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F27/00Details of transformers or inductances, in general
    • H01F27/40Structural association with built-in electric component, e.g. fuse
    • H01F2027/408Association with diode or rectifier
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/425Structural combination with electronic components, e.g. electronic circuits integrated to the outside of the casing
    • H01M10/4257Smart batteries, e.g. electronic circuits inside the housing of the cells or batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/425Structural combination with electronic components, e.g. electronic circuits integrated to the outside of the casing
    • H01M2010/4271Battery management systems including electronic circuits, e.g. control of current or voltage to keep battery in healthy state, cell balancing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0047Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with indicating devices
    • H02J2007/0049Detection of fully charged condition
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    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0052Charge circuits only
    • H02J2007/0059Charge circuits only characterised by the converter
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0052Charge circuits only
    • H02J2007/0062Charge provided using USB port connectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J2007/0095Control circuit supply, e.g. means for supplying power to the control circuit
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J2007/0096Charger exchanging data with an electronic device, i.e. telephone, whose internal battery is under charge
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J2007/0098Smart battery, e.g. battery with means for data exchanging with charger
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/02Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters
    • H02J7/04Regulation of charging current or voltage
    • H02J7/06Regulation of charging current or voltage using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices
    • H02J2007/10Regulation of charging current or voltage using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices using semiconductor devices only
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    • H02J7/00034
    • H02J7/00304
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    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M1/00Details of apparatus for conversion
    • H02M2001/0003Details of control, feedback and regulation circuits
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    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M1/00Details of apparatus for conversion
    • H02M2001/0003Details of control, feedback and regulation circuits
    • H02M2001/0009Devices and circuits for detecting current in a converter
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    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M1/00Details of apparatus for conversion
    • H02M2001/0048Circuits or arrangements for reducing losses
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M1/00Details of apparatus for conversion
    • H02M2001/0064Magnetic structures combining different functions, e.g. storage, filtering, transformation

Abstract

A kind of adapter (10) and charge control method, the adapter (10) include:Power conversion unit (11);Voltage feedback unit (12);Current feedback unit (13);Power adjustment unit (14), the input of power adjustment unit (14) is connected with the output end of voltage feedback unit (12) and the output end of current feedback unit (13), the output end of power adjustment unit (14) is connected with power conversion unit (11), power adjustment unit (14) is used for receiving voltage feedback signal and current feedback signal, and reach target voltage in the output voltage of voltage feedback signal indication adapter (10), or in the case that the output current of current feedback signal indication adapter (10) reaches target current, the output voltage and output current of stable adapter (10).The adapter (10) can improve the security of charging process.

Description

Adapter and charge control method Technical field

The present embodiments relate to charging technique fields, and more particularly, to a kind of adapter and charge control method.

Background technique

Adapter is also known as power supply adaptor, for charging for charging equipment (such as terminal).It is that charging equipment (such as terminal) charges that adapter on the market, which generallys use the mode of constant pressure, at present; when the electric current that charging equipment (such as terminal) is drawn is more than the maximum current output threshold value that adapter can be provided; adapter may be caused and enter overload protection state, can not continue to charge to charging equipment (such as terminal).

Summary of the invention

The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of adapter and charge control method, to improve the safety of charging process.

In a first aspect, providing a kind of adapter, the adapter includes: power conversion unit, for rotating into capable conversion to the alternating current of input, to obtain the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter;Voltage feedback unit, the input terminal of the voltage feedback unit is connected with the power conversion unit, the voltage feedback unit is for detecting the output voltage of the adapter, to generate voltage feedback signal, whether the output voltage that the voltage feedback signal is used to indicate the adapter reaches the target voltage of setting;Current feedback unit, the input terminal of the current feedback unit is connected with the power conversion unit, the current feedback unit is for detecting the output electric current of the adapter, to generate current feedback signal, whether the output electric current that the current feedback signal is used to indicate the adapter reaches the target current of setting;Power adjustment unit, the input terminal of the power adjustment unit is connected with the output end of the output end of the voltage feedback unit and the current feedback unit, the output end of the power adjustment unit is connected with the power conversion unit, the power adjustment unit is for receiving the voltage feedback signal and the current feedback signal, and indicate that the output voltage of the adapter reaches the target voltage in the voltage feedback signal, or in the case that the current feedback signal indicates that the output electric current of the adapter reaches the target current, stablize the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter.

Second aspect, provides a kind of charge control method, and the method is applied to adapter, the method It include: that capable conversion is rotated into the alternating current of input, to obtain the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter;The output voltage of the adapter is detected, to generate voltage feedback signal, whether the output voltage that the voltage feedback signal is used to indicate the adapter reaches the target voltage of setting;The output electric current of the adapter is detected, to generate current feedback signal, whether the output electric current that the current feedback signal is used to indicate the adapter reaches the target current of setting;Indicate that the output voltage of the adapter reaches the target voltage in the voltage feedback signal, or in the case that the current feedback signal indicates that the output electric current of the adapter reaches the target current, stablize the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter.

The adapter of the embodiment of the present invention both includes voltage feedback unit, it also include current feedback unit, wherein voltage feedback unit, power adjustment unit and power conversion unit form the hardware circuit that closed-loop control is carried out for the output voltage to adapter, i.e. the Voltage Feedback ring of example, in hardware;Current feedback unit, power adjustment unit and power conversion unit form the hardware circuit that closed-loop control is carried out for the output electric current to adapter, i.e. the current feedback ring of example, in hardware.On the basis of double-loop feedbackc, the power adjustment unit of the embodiment of the present invention can comprehensively consider the feedback information that voltage feedback signal and current feedback signal provide, and any one in the output electric current of the output voltage of adapter and adapter stablizes the output voltage and output electric current of adapter in the case where reach target value.In other words, in the embodiment of the present invention, when the output voltage of adapter reaches target value with any one in output electric current, power adjustment unit can perceive the generation of this event at once, and this event is responded at once, to stablize the output voltage and output electric current of adapter, the safety of charging process is improved.

Detailed description of the invention

To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, attached drawing needed in the embodiment of the present invention will be briefly described below, apparently, drawings described below is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, it is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.

Figure 1A is the schematic diagram of the second adapter of one embodiment of the invention.

Figure 1B is the schematic diagram of the power conversion unit of the embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of another embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of the voltage comparison unit of the embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Figure 12 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Figure 13 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Figure 14 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Figure 15 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Figure 16 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Figure 17 is the schematic diagram of the electric current comparing unit of the embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 18 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Figure 19 A is the second adapter of the embodiment of the present invention and the connected mode schematic diagram of charging equipment.

Figure 19 B is the schematic diagram of the fast charge communication process of the embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 20 is the current waveform schematic diagram of Rectified alternating current.

Figure 21 is the schematic diagram of second adapter of further embodiment of this invention.

Figure 22 is the schematic diagram of the Rectified alternating current under the permanent mould mode of the embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 23 is the examples of circuits figure of the second adapter of the embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 24 is the schematic flow chart of the charge control method of the embodiment of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is a part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art's every other embodiment obtained without making creative work, all should belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

One first adapter for charging for charging equipment (such as terminal) is referred in the related technology.First adapter works under constant voltage mode.Under constant voltage mode, the voltage of first adapter output remains constant substantially, such as 5V, 9V, 12V or 20V etc..

The voltage of first adapter output is not appropriate for being loaded directly into battery both ends, but the translation circuit for needing to first pass through in charging equipment (such as terminal) is converted, to obtain charging equipment (as eventually End) in battery desired by charging voltage and/or charging current.

The voltage that translation circuit is used to export the first adapter converts, to meet the demand of charging voltage desired by battery and/or charging current.

As an example, which can refer to charge management module, such as charge integrated circuit (integrated circuit, IC).In the charging process of battery, for battery charging voltage and/or charging current be managed.The translation circuit has the function of voltage feedback module, and/or, have the function of current feedback module, to realize the management to the charging voltage and/or charging current of battery.

For example, the charging process of battery may include the trickle charge stage, one or more in constant-current charging phase and constant voltage charging phase.In the trickle charge stage, translation circuit can make the electric current for entering battery in the trickle charge stage meet charging current desired by battery (for example the first charging current) using current feedback ring.In constant-current charging phase, translation circuit can make the electric current for entering battery in constant-current charging phase meet charging current desired by battery using current feedback ring (for example the second charging current, second charging current can be greater than the first charging current).In constant voltage charging phase, translation circuit can make the voltage for being loaded into battery both ends in constant voltage charging phase meet charging voltage size desired by battery using Voltage Feedback ring.

As an example, when the voltage of the first adapter output is greater than charging voltage desired by battery, translation circuit can be used for carrying out decompression processing to the voltage that the first adapter exports, so that the charging voltage obtained after decompression conversion meets charging voltage demand desired by battery.As another example, when the voltage of the first adapter output is less than charging voltage desired by battery, translation circuit can be used for carrying out boosting processing to the voltage that the first adapter exports, so that the charging voltage obtained after boost conversion meets charging voltage demand desired by battery.

As another example, by taking the first adapter exports 5V constant voltage as an example, when battery includes single battery core (by taking lithium battery electric core as an example, the charge cutoff voltage of single battery core is 4.2V) when, the voltage that translation circuit (such as Buck reduction voltage circuit) can export the first adapter carries out decompression processing, so that the charging voltage obtained after decompression meets charging voltage demand desired by battery.

As another example, by taking the first adapter exports 5V constant voltage as an example, when the first adapter be series connection there are two and more than two single battery core battery (by taking lithium battery electric core as an example, when the charge cutoff voltage of single battery core charges for 4.2V), the voltage that translation circuit (such as Boost circuit) can export the first adapter carries out boosting processing, so that the charging voltage obtained after boosting meets charging voltage demand desired by battery.

Translation circuit is limited to the low reason of circuit conversion efficiency, cause not by the electric energy of conversion portion with The form of heat is scattered and disappeared.It is internal that this partial heat can focus on charging equipment (such as terminal).The design space of charging equipment (such as terminal) and heat-dissipating space all very littles (such as, the mobile terminal physical size that user uses is more and more frivolous, simultaneously in mobile terminal densely arranged a large amount of electronic component to promote the performance of mobile terminal), this not only improves the design difficulty of translation circuit, it also results in the heat focused in charging equipment (such as terminal) to be difficult to remove in time, and then causes the exception of charging equipment (such as terminal).

For example, the heat assembled on translation circuit may cause hot interference to the electronic component near translation circuit, cause the operation irregularity of electronic component.For another example, the heat assembled on translation circuit may shorten the service life of translation circuit and neighbouring electronic component.For another example, the heat assembled on translation circuit may cause hot interference to battery, and then cause battery charging and discharging abnormal.The heat for another example assembled on translation circuit, the temperature that may result in charging equipment (such as terminal) increase, and influence usage experience of the user in charging.For another example, the heat assembled on translation circuit may result in the short circuit of translation circuit itself, cause charging abnormal at battery both ends so that the voltage of the first adapter output is loaded directly into, if battery is in over-voltage charged state for a long time, or even can cause the explosion of battery, jeopardize user security.

The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of adjustable second adapter of output voltage.Second adapter can obtain the status information of battery.The status information of battery may include the current information about power and/or information of voltage of battery.Second adapter can adjust the output voltage of the second adapter itself according to the status information of the battery got, to meet the demand of charging voltage desired by battery and/or charging current.Further, in the constant-current charging phase of battery charging process, it is battery charging that the voltage that the second adapter exports after adjusting, which can be loaded directly at the both ends of battery,.

Second adapter can have the function of voltage feedback module and the function of current feedback module, to realize the management to the charging voltage and/or charging current of battery.

The output voltage that second adapter adjusts the second adapter itself according to the status information of the battery got can refer to: second adapter can get the status information of battery in real time, and the voltage of the second adapter itself output is adjusted according to the real time status information of battery accessed every time, to meet charging voltage desired by battery and/or charging current.

The output voltage that second adapter adjusts the second adapter itself according to the status information of the battery got in real time can refer to: with the continuous rising of cell voltage in charging process, second adapter can get the current state information of different moments battery in charging process, and adjust the output voltage of the second adapter itself in real time according to the current state information of battery, to meet the demand of charging voltage desired by battery and/or charging current.

For example, the charging process of battery may include the trickle charge stage, one or more in constant-current charging phase and constant voltage charging phase.In the trickle charge stage, the second adapter can make the electric current for exporting and entering battery as the second adapter in the trickle charge stage meet the demand (for example the first charging current) of charging current desired by battery using current feedback ring.In constant-current charging phase, second adapter can make the electric current for exporting and entering battery as the second adapter in constant-current charging phase meet demand (for example the second charging current of charging current desired by battery using current feedback ring, second charging current can be greater than the first charging current), and, in constant-current charging phase, it is battery charging that the charging voltage of output can be loaded directly at battery both ends by the second adapter.In constant voltage charging phase, the second adapter can make the demand for meeting charging voltage desired by battery as the voltage that the second adapter exports in constant voltage charging phase using Voltage Feedback ring.

For trickle charge stage and constant voltage charging phase, the voltage of second adapter output can be using the processing mode of similar first adapter, it is converted by the translation circuit in charging equipment (such as terminal), to obtain charging voltage and/or charging current desired by the battery in charging equipment (such as terminal).

Optionally, as a kind of implementation, the current feedback ring of the second adapter can be realized by the way of software on the basis of Voltage Feedback ring.Specifically, when the charging current of the second adapter output is undesirable, second adapter can calculate desired charging voltage according to desired charging current, and the charging voltage that the second adapter exports is adjusted to by the calculated desired charging voltage by Voltage Feedback ring, it is equivalent to by way of software, the function of current feedback ring is realized by Voltage Feedback ring.But, during using the mode of constant pressure for battery charging, load current on charging circuit is often fast-changing, if the second adapter realizes current feedback ring by way of software, it needs to carry out current sample, the intermediary operations such as Current Voltage conversion, cause the second adapter slow to the response speed of load current, it is more than the maximum current output threshold value that the second adapter can be provided so as to will lead to the electric current that charging equipment (such as terminal) is drawn, cause the second adapter and enters overload protection state, it can not continue to charge to charging equipment (such as terminal).

In order to promote the second adapter to the response speed of load current, the Voltage Feedback ring of example, in hardware and the current feedback ring of example, in hardware can be set in the second adapter inner, are described in detail below with reference to Figure 1A.

Figure 1A is the schematic diagram of the second adapter of the embodiment of the present invention.The second adapter 10 of Figure 1A may include power conversion unit 11, voltage feedback unit 12, current feedback unit 13 and power adjustment unit 14.

Power conversion unit 11 is for rotating into capable conversion to the alternating current of input, to obtain the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter 10.

The input terminal of voltage feedback unit 12 is connected with power conversion unit 11, voltage feedback unit 12 is for detecting the output voltage of the second adapter 10, to generate voltage feedback signal, whether the output voltage that voltage feedback signal is used to indicate the second adapter 10 reaches the target voltage of setting.

The input terminal of current feedback unit 13 is connected with power conversion unit 11, current feedback unit 13 is for detecting the output electric current of the second adapter 10, to generate current feedback signal, whether the output electric current that current feedback signal is used to indicate the second adapter 10 reaches the target current of setting.

The input terminal of power adjustment unit 14 is connected with the output end of the output end of voltage feedback unit 12 and current feedback unit 13, the output end of power adjustment unit 14 is connected with power conversion unit 11, power adjustment unit 14 is for receiving voltage feedback signal and current feedback signal, and indicate that the output voltage of the second adapter 10 reaches target voltage in voltage feedback signal, or in the case that current feedback signal indicates that the output electric current of the second adapter 10 reaches target current, stablize the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter 10.

Power adjustment unit 14, which stablizes the output voltage of the second adapter 10 and output electric current, can refer to that power adjustment unit 14 controls the output voltage of the second adapter 10 and output electric current remains unchanged.It is that (Pulse Width Modulation is modulated based on pulse width with power adjustment unit 14, PWM for power adjustment unit), in the case where the frequency of pwm control signal and duty ratio remain unchanged, the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter 10 can keep stable.

Second adapter of the embodiment of the present invention both includes voltage feedback unit, it also include current feedback unit, wherein voltage feedback unit, power adjustment unit and power conversion unit form the hardware circuit that closed-loop control is carried out for the output voltage to the second adapter, i.e. the Voltage Feedback ring of example, in hardware;Current feedback unit, power adjustment unit and power conversion unit form the hardware circuit that closed-loop control is carried out for the output electric current to the second adapter, i.e. the current feedback ring of example, in hardware.On the basis of double-loop feedbackc, the power adjustment unit of the embodiment of the present invention can comprehensively consider the feedback information that voltage feedback signal and current feedback signal provide, and any one in the output electric current of the output voltage of the second adapter and the second adapter stablizes the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter in the case where reach target value.In other words, in the embodiment of the present invention, when the output voltage of second adapter reaches target value with any one in output electric current, power adjustment unit can perceive the generation of this event at once, and this event is responded at once, to stablize the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter, the safety of charging process is improved.

By taking constant voltage mode as an example, Voltage Feedback ring, which is mainly responsible for, adjusts voltage corresponding to constant voltage mode for the output voltage of the second adapter, whether the output electric current that current feedback ring can be responsible for detecting the second adapter reaches target current (target current at this time can be the maximum current for allowing to export under constant voltage mode), once the output electric current of the second adapter reaches target current, power adjustment unit can perceive this event by current feedback ring at once, and stablize the output electric current of the second adapter in time, prevent it from further increasing.Similarly, under constant current mode, current feedback ring can be responsible for the output electric current of the second adapter adjusting electric current corresponding to constant current mode, whether the output voltage that Voltage Feedback ring can be responsible for detecting the second adapter reaches target voltage (target voltage at this time can be the maximum voltage for allowing to export under constant current mode), once output voltage reaches target voltage, power adjustment unit can perceive this event by Voltage Feedback ring at once, and stablize the output voltage of the second adapter in time, prevent it from further increasing.

Voltage feedback signal and current feedback signal refer to that the object of the two feedback is different, do not really want to be defined the signal type of voltage feedback signal and current feedback signal.Specifically, voltage feedback signal can be used for feeding back the output voltage of the second adapter, and current feedback signal can be used for feeding back the output electric current of the second adapter, but the two may each be voltage signal.

Target voltage can be pre-set fixed value, be also possible to adjustable variable.In some embodiments, the second adapter 10 can pass through certain voltage value for adjusting circuit and adjusting target voltage according to actual needs.For example, charging equipment (terminal) can send the regulating command of target voltage to the second adapter, the second adapter 10 adjusts the voltage value of target voltage according to the regulating command of the target voltage.For another example, the second adapter 10 can receive the status information of battery from charging equipment, and adjust the voltage value of target voltage in real time according to the state of battery.Similarly, target current can be pre-set fixed value, be also possible to adjustable variable.In some embodiments, second adapter 10 can be according to actual needs, pass through certain voltage value for adjusting circuit and adjusting target current, such as, charging equipment (terminal) can send the regulating command of target current to the second adapter 10, and the second adapter 10 adjusts the voltage value of target current according to the regulating command of the target current.For another example, the second adapter 10 can receive the status information of battery from charging equipment, and adjust the current value of target current in real time according to the state of battery.

Used in the embodiment of the present invention to charging equipment can be " communication terminal " (or referred to as " terminal "), it include but is not limited to be configured to connect via Wireline (such as via Public Switched Telephone Network (public switched telephone network, PSTN), digital subscriber line (digital subscriber line, DSL), digital cable, Direct cable connection, and/or another data connection/network) and/or via (such as, for cellular network, WLAN (wireless local area network, WLAN), such as hand-held digital video broadcast (digital video broadcasting handheld, DVB-H) digital TV network of network, satellite network, AM/FM amplitude modulation/frequency modulation (amplitude modulation-frequency modulation, AM-FM) broadcasting transmitter and/or another communication terminal) wireless interface receives/sends the device of signal of communication.It is configured to that " wireless communication terminal ", " wireless terminal " and/or " mobile terminal " can be referred to as by the communication terminal of radio interface communication.The example of mobile terminal includes, but are not limited to satellite or cellular phone;It can be with PCS Personal Communications System (personal communication system, PCS) terminal of combination cellular radio telephone and data processing, fax and communication ability;It may include radio telephone, pager, the Internet/intranet access, Web browser, memo pad, calendar and/or global positioning system (global positioning system, GPS) the personal digital assistant (Personal Digital Assistant, PDA) of receiver;And conventional laptop and/or palmtop receiver or other electronic devices including radiotelephone transceiver.

In some embodiments, which may include the control unit (referring to fig. 23 in MCU) for being controlled charging process, to improve the degree of intelligence of the second adapter 10.Specifically, the control unit can be used for carrying out two-way communication with charging equipment (such as terminal), to obtain the instruction or status information (status information can refer to the current voltage of charging equipment battery and/or the temperature status information of charging equipment) of charging equipment (such as terminal), so that instruction or status signal based on charging equipment (such as terminal) control the second adapter 10 to the charging process of charging equipment (such as terminal).In some embodiments, which can be micro-control unit (Microcontroller Unit, MCU), but the embodiment of the present invention is without being limited thereto, can also be other kinds of chip or circuit.

In some embodiments, second adapter 10 may include charging interface (referring to the charging interface 191 of Figure 19 A), but the embodiment of the present invention is not especially limited the type of charging interface, such as, it can be universal serial bus (Universal Serial Bus, USB) interface, the USB interface can be standard USB interface, it is also possible to micro USB interface, can also be Type-C interface.

The charge mode or function of second adapter 10 are related with the selection of target voltage and target current, the charge mode or function of second adapter 10 are different, the value of target voltage and target current can also be different, is described in detail by taking constant voltage mode and constant current mode as an example separately below.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the second adapter 10 supports the first charge mode (in other words, the second adapter 10 can work and charge under the first charge mode for charging equipment (such as terminal)).First charge mode is constant voltage mode.Under constant voltage mode, the target voltage of the second adapter 10 is the corresponding voltage of constant voltage mode.Target current is the maximum current that the second adapter 10 allows to export under constant voltage mode.Power adjustment unit 14 is specifically used for according to voltage feedback signal, by the second adapter 10 Output voltage adjusts voltage corresponding to constant voltage mode, and when the output electric current of current feedback signal the second adapter 10 of instruction reaches the maximum current that the second adapter 10 allows to export under constant voltage mode, the output electric current of the second adapter 10 of control is no more than the maximum current that the second adapter 10 allows to export under constant voltage mode.

Under constant voltage mode, the output voltage of the second adapter 10 can be adjusted to some fixed voltage value, and the corresponding voltage of constant voltage mode above is the fixed voltage value.For example, the output voltage of the second adapter 10 is 5V under constant voltage mode, then the corresponding voltage of constant voltage mode is 5V.

Target voltage is set as the corresponding voltage of constant voltage mode by the embodiment of the present invention, and target current is set as the maximum current that the second adapter under constant voltage mode allows to export.So, the output voltage of the second adapter can be adjusted voltage corresponding to constant voltage mode rapidly based on Voltage Feedback ring by the second adapter, carry out constant-voltage charge for charging equipment (such as terminal).During constant-voltage charge, once the output electric current (i.e. load current) of the second adapter has reached the maximum current that the second adapter allows to export, second adapter can perceive in time this case by current feedback ring, and prevent in time the second adapter output electric current it is further up, the generation for avoiding charge fault improves the second adapter to the responding ability of load current.

For example, if the corresponding fixed voltage value of constant voltage mode is 5V, the output electric current of the second adapter is usually maintained between 100mA~200mA under constant voltage mode.In such a case, it is possible to which target voltage is set as fixed voltage value (such as 5V), target current is set as 500mA or 1A.Once the output increase in current of the second adapter is to the corresponding current value of the target current, power adjustment unit 14 can perceive the generation of this event by current feedback ring at once, and prevent the further growth of the output electric current of the second adapter.

As shown in Figure 1B, on the basis of the above embodiments, power conversion unit 11 may include that the voltage of pulsating waveform is directly output to the transformer by primary rectifier unit 15, transformer 16, secondary rectifier unit 17 and secondary filter unit 18, the primary rectifier unit.

In the prior art, power conversion unit had both included the rectification unit and filter unit positioned at primary side, further included rectification unit and filter unit positioned at primary side.Primary rectifier unit and primary filter unit are properly termed as positioned at the rectification unit and filter unit of primary side.Secondary rectifier unit and secondary filter unit are properly termed as positioned at the rectification unit and filter unit of primary side.Primary filter unit generally uses liquid aluminum electrolytic capacitor to be filtered, and the volume of liquid aluminum electrolytic capacitor is larger, and the volume that will lead to adapter is larger.

In the embodiment of the present invention, power conversion unit 11 include primary rectifier unit 15, transformer 16, The voltage of pulsating waveform is directly output to the transformer by secondary rectifier unit 17 and secondary filter unit 18, the primary rectifier unit.In other words, power conversion unit 11 provided in an embodiment of the present invention does not include primary filter unit, can largely reduce the volume of the second adapter 10 in this way, so that the second adapter 10 easily facilitates carrying.Secondary filter unit 18 is based primarily upon solid-state aluminum electrolytic capacitor and is filtered, after removing the primary filter unit in power conversion unit 11, although the carrying load ability of solid-state aluminum electrolytic capacitor is limited, but the presence of the current feedback ring due to example, in hardware, can timely respond to the variation of load current, thus avoid because the second adapter output electric current it is excessive caused by charge fault.

In the scheme of above-mentioned removal primary filter unit, the maximum current that the second adapter 10 allows to export under constant voltage mode can be determined based on the capacity of the capacitor in secondary filter unit.Such as, determine that the load current that the secondary filter unit maximum is able to bear is 500mA or 1A based on the capacity of the capacitor in secondary filter unit, target current can then be set to 500mA or 1A, be more than charge fault caused by target current so as to avoid the output electric current of the second adapter.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter 10 supports the second charge mode (in other words, the second adapter 10 can work and charge under the second charge mode for charging equipment (such as terminal)), and the second charge mode is constant current mode.Under constant current mode, target voltage is the maximum voltage that the second adapter 10 allows to export under constant current mode, and target current is the corresponding electric current of constant current mode.Power adjustment unit 14 is specifically used for according to current feedback signal, the output electric current of second adapter 10 is adjusted into electric current corresponding to constant current mode, and when the output voltage of voltage feedback signal the second adapter 10 of instruction reaches the maximum voltage that the second adapter 10 allows to export under constant current mode, the output voltage of the second adapter 10 of control is no more than the maximum voltage that the second adapter 10 allows to export under constant current mode.

Target current is set as the corresponding electric current of constant current mode by the embodiment of the present invention, target voltage is set as the maximum voltage that the second adapter under constant current mode allows to export, so, the output electric current of second adapter can be adjusted electric current corresponding to constant current mode rapidly based on current feedback ring by the second adapter, it charges for charging equipment (such as terminal), during the charging process, once the output voltage of the second adapter has reached the maximum voltage that the second adapter allows to export, second adapter can perceive in time this case by Voltage Feedback ring, and prevent in time the second adapter output voltage it is further up, avoid the generation of charge fault.

Optionally, as shown in Fig. 2, based on any of the above embodiments, the second adapter 10 may also include the first adjustment unit 21.The first adjustment unit 21 is connected with voltage feedback unit 12, which can be used for adjusting the value of target voltage.

The embodiment of the present invention introduces the first adjustment unit, which can adjust the output voltage of the second adapter according to actual needs, improves the degree of intelligence of the second adapter.For example, the second adapter 10 can work under the first charge mode or the second charge mode, the first adjustment unit 21 can accordingly adjust the value of target voltage based on the first currently used charge mode of the second adapter 10 or the second charge mode.

Optionally, on the basis of Fig. 2 embodiment, as shown in figure 3, voltage feedback unit 12 may include voltage sampling unit 31 and voltage comparison unit 32.The input terminal of voltage sampling unit 31 is connected with power conversion unit 11, samples for the output voltage to the second adapter 10, obtains first voltage.The input terminal of voltage comparison unit 32 is connected with the output end of voltage sampling unit 31.Voltage comparison unit 32 is for comparing first voltage and the first reference voltage, and the comparison result based on first voltage and the first reference voltage, generates voltage feedback signal.The first adjustment unit 21 is connected with voltage comparison unit 32, provides the first reference voltage for voltage comparison unit 32, the first adjustment unit 21 can realize the purpose of the value of adjustment target voltage by adjusting the value of the first reference voltage.

It should be understood that the first voltage in the embodiment of the present invention is used to indicate the size of the current output voltage of the second adapter corresponding to the output voltage or first voltage of the second adapter.In addition, the first reference voltage in the embodiment of the present invention corresponds to target voltage or the first reference voltage is used to indicate the size of target voltage.

In some embodiments, when first voltage is less than the first reference voltage, voltage comparison unit generates first voltage feedback signal, which is used to indicate the output voltage also miss the mark voltage of the second adapter;When first voltage is equal to the first reference voltage, voltage comparison unit generates second voltage feedback signal, and the output voltage which is used to indicate the second adapter reaches target voltage.

The embodiment of the present invention is not construed as limiting the concrete form of voltage sampling unit 31, for example, voltage sampling unit 31 can be a conducting wire, at this point, first voltage is the output voltage of the second adapter, the first reference voltage is target voltage;For another example, voltage sampling unit 31 may include two resistance for carrying out series connection partial pressure, at this time, first voltage can be the voltage obtained after two electric resistance partial pressures, and the value of the first reference voltage is related to the intrinsic standoff ratio of two resistance, by taking target voltage is equal to 5V as an example, assuming that when the output voltage of the second adapter reaches 5V, by the series connection partial pressure of two resistance, first voltage 0.5V, then the first reference voltage can be set to 0.5V.

The first adjustment unit 21 in Fig. 3 embodiment adjust the first reference voltage mode can there are many, be described in detail below with reference to Fig. 4-Fig. 6.

Optionally, in some embodiments, as shown in figure 4, the first adjustment unit 21 may include control unit 41 and the first digital analog converter (Digital to Analog Converter, DAC) 42.The input terminal of first DAC 42 is connected with control unit 41, and the output end of the first DAC 42 is connected with voltage comparison unit 32.Control unit 41 realizes the purpose of the value of the first reference voltage of adjustment by the first DAC 42.

Specifically, control unit 41 can be MCU, and MCU can be connected by the port DAC with the first DAC 42, and MCU passes through the port DAC output digit signals, and analog signal is converted digital signals by the first DAC 42, which is the voltage value of the first reference voltage.DAC has the characteristics that signal conversion speed is fast, with high accuracy, and adjusting reference voltage by DAC can be improved the second adapter to the adjustment speed of reference voltage and control precision.

Optionally, in some embodiments, as shown in figure 5, the first adjustment unit 21 may include control unit 51 and RC filter unit 52.The input terminal of RC filter unit 52 is connected with control unit 51, and the output end of RC filter unit 52 is connected with voltage comparison unit 32.Control unit 51 is used to generate pwm signal, and the value of the first reference voltage is adjusted by adjusting the duty ratio of pwm signal.

Specifically, control unit 51 can be MCU, and MCU can form stable analog quantity, i.e. the first reference voltage after the pwm signal is filtered by RC filter circuit 52 by PWM port output pwm signal.RC filter circuit 52, which has, realizes simple, cheap feature, and the adjusting of the first reference voltage can be realized with lower cost.

Optionally, in some embodiments, as shown in fig. 6, the first adjustment unit 21 may include control unit 61 and digital regulation resistance 62.The control terminal of digital regulation resistance 62 is connected with control unit 61, and the output end of digital regulation resistance 62 is connected with voltage comparison unit 32.Control unit 61 adjusts the value of the first reference voltage by adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of digital regulation resistance 62.

Specifically, control unit 61 can be MCU, MCU can pass through inter-integrated circuit (Inter Integrated Circuit, I2C) interface is connected with the control terminal of digital regulation resistance 62, for adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of digital regulation resistance 62, the hot end of digital regulation resistance 62 can be VDD, that is power end, the cold end of digital regulation resistance 62 can be connected to the ground, the output end (or adjusting output end) of digital regulation resistance 62 is connected with voltage comparison unit 32, for exporting the first reference voltage to voltage comparison unit 32.Digital regulation resistance is realized simply, cheap, and the adjusting of the first reference voltage can be realized with lower cost.

Optionally, on the basis of Fig. 2 embodiment, as shown in fig. 7, voltage feedback unit 12 may include partial pressure unit 71 and voltage comparison unit 72.The input terminal and power conversion unit of partial pressure unit 71 11 are connected, and divide for output voltage of the intrinsic standoff ratio according to setting to the second adapter 10, generate first voltage.The input terminal of voltage comparison unit 72 is connected with the output end of partial pressure unit 71, the comparison result for comparing first voltage and the first reference voltage, and based on first voltage and the first reference voltage, generates voltage feedback signal.The first adjustment unit 21 is connected with partial pressure unit 71, by adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of partial pressure unit 71, adjusts the voltage value of target voltage.

The embodiment of Fig. 7 and the main distinction of Fig. 3-Fig. 6 embodiment are that the embodiment of Fig. 3-Fig. 6 is the adjustment of the voltage value of the reference voltage realization target voltage by adjusting voltage comparison unit, and the embodiment of Fig. 7 is the adjustment of the voltage value of the intrinsic standoff ratio realization target voltage by adjusting partial pressure unit 71.In other words, in the embodiment of Fig. 7, fixed value V is can be set into the first reference voltageREF, if it is desired to the output voltage of the second adapter is 5V, then the intrinsic standoff ratio of adjustable partial pressure unit 71, and when so that the output voltage of the second adapter being 5V, the voltage of the output end of partial pressure unit 71 is equal to VREF;Similarly, if it is desired to which the output voltage of the second adapter is 3V, then can be by adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of partial pressure unit 71, when so that the output voltage of the second adapter being 3V, and the voltage of the output end of partial pressure unit 71 is equal to VREF

The embodiment of the present invention by partial pressure unit realize the second adapter output voltage sampling and target voltage voltage value adjustment, simplify the circuit structure of the second adapter.

There are many implementations of the partial pressure unit 71 of the embodiment of the present invention, for example, can realize using digital regulation resistance, above-mentioned partial pressure and the function that intrinsic standoff ratio is adjusted can also be realized by elements such as discrete resistance, switches.

By taking the implementation of digital regulation resistance as an example, as shown in figure 8, partial pressure unit 71 may include digital regulation resistance 81.The first adjustment unit 21 may include control unit 82.The hot end of digital regulation resistance 81 is connected with power conversion unit 11, and the cold end of digital regulation resistance 81 is connected to the ground.The output end of digital regulation resistance 81 is connected with the input terminal of voltage comparison unit 72.Control unit 82 is connected with the control terminal of digital regulation resistance 81, for adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of digital regulation resistance 81.

There are many implementations of voltage comparison unit 72 above, in some embodiments, as shown in figure 9, voltage comparison unit 72 may include the first amplifier.The inverting input terminal of first amplifier is for receiving first voltage, and the non-inverting input terminal of the first amplifier is for receiving the first reference voltage, and the output end of the first amplifier is for generating voltage feedback signal.First amplifier is alternatively referred to as first error amplifier or voltage error amplifier.

Optionally, as shown in Figure 10, based on any of the above embodiments, the second adapter 10 may also include second adjustment unit 101, and second adjustment unit 101 is connected with current feedback unit 13, for adjusting the current value of target current.

The embodiment of the present invention introduces second adjustment unit, which can adjust the output electric current of the second adapter according to actual needs, improves the degree of intelligence of the second adapter.For example, the second adapter 10 can work under the first charge mode or the second charge mode, second adjustment unit 101 adjusts the current value of target current based on the first currently used charge mode of the second adapter 10 or the second charge mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, on the basis of the embodiment of Figure 10, as shown in figure 11, current feedback unit 13 may include current sampling unit 111 and electric current comparing unit 112.The input terminal of current sampling unit 111 is connected with power conversion unit 11, samples for the output electric current to the second adapter 10, obtains second voltage, and second voltage is used to indicate the size of the output electric current of the second adapter 10.The input terminal of electric current comparing unit 112 is connected with the output end of current sampling unit 111, the comparison result for comparing second voltage and the second reference voltage, and based on second voltage and the second reference voltage, generates current feedback signal.Second adjustment unit 101 is connected with electric current comparing unit 112, provides the second reference voltage for electric current comparing unit 112, and by adjusting the voltage value of the second reference voltage, adjust the current value of target current.

It should be understood that the second voltage in the embodiment of the present invention is used to indicate the size of the output electric current of the second adapter corresponding to the output electric current or second voltage of the second adapter.In addition, the second reference voltage in the embodiment of the present invention corresponds to target current or the second reference voltage is used to indicate the size of target current.

Specifically, when second voltage is less than the second reference voltage, electric current comparing unit generates the first current feedback signal, which is used to indicate the output electric current also miss the mark electric current of the second adapter;When second voltage is equal to the second reference voltage, electric current comparing unit generates the second current feedback signal, and the output electric current which is used to indicate the second adapter reaches target current.

The mode that current sampling unit 111 obtains second voltage specifically may is that current sampling unit 111 first samples the output electric current of the second adapter, obtain sample rate current.Then according to the size of sample rate current, corresponding sampled voltage (product that sample voltage value is equal to sampled current value and sampling resistor) is converted thereof into.It in some embodiments, can be by the sampled voltage directly as second voltage.In further embodiments, the sampled voltage can also be divided using multiple resistance, using the voltage after partial pressure as second voltage.Current sample function in current sampling unit 111 can specifically be realized by galvanometer.

Second adjustment unit in Figure 11 embodiment adjust the second reference voltage mode can there are many, be described in detail below with reference to Figure 12-Figure 14.

Optionally, in some embodiments, as shown in figure 12, second adjustment unit 101 may include control Unit 121 and the 2nd DAC 122 processed.The input terminal of 2nd DAC 122 is connected with control unit 121, and the output end of the 2nd DAC 122 is connected with electric current comparing unit 112.Control unit 121 adjusts the voltage value of the second reference voltage by the 2nd DAC 122.

Specifically, control unit 121 can be MCU.MCU can be connected by the port DAC with the 2nd DAC 122.MCU converts digital signals into analog signal by the port DAC output digit signals, and by the 2nd DAC 122.The analog signal is the voltage value of the first reference voltage.DAC has the characteristics that signal conversion speed is fast, with high accuracy, and adjusting reference voltage by DAC can be improved the second adapter to the adjustment speed of reference voltage and control precision.

Optionally, in some embodiments, as shown in figure 13, second adjustment unit 101 may include control unit 131 and RC filter unit 132.The input terminal of RC filter unit 132 is connected with control unit 131, and the output end of RC filter unit 132 is connected with electric current comparing unit 112.Control unit 131 is used to generate pwm signal, and the voltage value of the second reference voltage is adjusted by adjusting the duty ratio of pwm signal.

Specifically, control unit 131 can be MCU.MCU can pass through PWM port output pwm signal.After the pwm signal is filtered by RC filter circuit 132, stable analog quantity, i.e. the second reference voltage can be formed.RC filter circuit 132, which has, realizes simple, cheap feature, and the adjusting of the second reference voltage can be realized with lower cost.

Optionally, in some embodiments, as shown in figure 14, second adjustment unit 101 may include control unit 141 and digital regulation resistance 142.The control terminal of digital regulation resistance 142 is connected with control unit 141, and the output end of digital regulation resistance 142 is connected with electric current comparing unit 112.Control unit 141 adjusts the voltage value of the second reference voltage by adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of digital regulation resistance 142.

In some embodiments, control unit 141 can be MCU.MCU can be connected by I2C interface with the control terminal of digital regulation resistance 142, for adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of digital regulation resistance 142.The hot end of digital regulation resistance 142 can be VDD, i.e. power end, the cold end of digital regulation resistance 142 can be connected to the ground.The output end (or adjusting output end) of digital regulation resistance 142 is connected with electric current comparing unit 112, for exporting the second reference voltage to electric current comparing unit 112.Digital regulation resistance is realized simply, cheap, and the adjusting to the second reference voltage can be realized with lower cost.

Optionally, in some embodiments, on the basis of Figure 10 embodiment, as shown in figure 15, current feedback unit 13 may include current sampling unit 151, partial pressure unit 152 and electric current comparing unit 153.The input terminal of current sampling unit 151 is connected with power conversion unit 11, samples for the output electric current to the second adapter 10, obtains tertiary voltage.Tertiary voltage is used to indicate the second adapter 10 Export the size of electric current.The input terminal of partial pressure unit 152 is connected with the output end of current sampling unit 151, for dividing according to the intrinsic standoff ratio of setting to tertiary voltage, generates second voltage.The input terminal of electric current comparing unit 153 is connected with the output end of partial pressure unit 152, the comparison result for comparing second voltage and the second reference voltage, and based on second voltage and the second reference voltage, generates current feedback signal.Second adjustment unit 101 is connected with partial pressure unit 152, by adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of partial pressure unit 152, adjusts the current value of target current.

The embodiment of Figure 15 and the main distinction of Figure 11-Figure 14 embodiment are that the embodiment of Figure 11-Figure 14 is the adjustment of the current value of the reference voltage realization target current by adjusting electric current comparing unit, and the embodiment of Figure 15 is the adjustment of the current value of the intrinsic standoff ratio realization target current by adjusting partial pressure unit 152.In other words, in the embodiment of Figure 15, fixed value V is can be set into the second reference voltageREF, if it is desired to the output electric current of the second adapter is 300mV, then the intrinsic standoff ratio of adjustable partial pressure unit 152, and when so that the output electric current of the second adapter being 300mV, the voltage of the output end of partial pressure unit 152 is equal to VREF;Similarly, if it is desired to which the output electric current of the second adapter is 500mV, then can be by adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of partial pressure unit 152, when so that the output electric current of the second adapter being 500mV, and the voltage of the output end of partial pressure unit 152 is equal to VREF

There are many implementations of the partial pressure unit 152 of the embodiment of the present invention, for example, can realize using digital regulation resistance, above-mentioned partial pressure and the function that intrinsic standoff ratio is adjusted can also be realized by elements such as discrete resistance, switches.

By taking the implementation of digital regulation resistance as an example, as shown in figure 16, partial pressure unit 152 includes digital regulation resistance 161, and second adjustment unit 101 includes control unit 162.The hot end of digital regulation resistance 161 is connected with the output end of current sampling unit 151, and the cold end of digital regulation resistance 161 is connected to the ground, and the output end of digital regulation resistance 161 is connected with the input terminal of electric current comparing unit 153.Control unit 162 is connected with the control terminal of digital regulation resistance 161, for adjusting the intrinsic standoff ratio of digital regulation resistance 161.

Control unit above can be a control unit, be also possible to multiple control units.In some embodiments, the control unit in the first adjustment unit and second adjustment unit above is same control unit.

There are many implementations of electric current comparing unit 153 above, and in some embodiments, as shown in figure 17, electric current comparing unit 153 may include the second amplifier.The inverting input terminal of second amplifier is for receiving second voltage, and the non-inverting input terminal of the second amplifier is for receiving the second reference voltage, and the output end of the second amplifier is for generating current feedback signal.Second amplifier is alternatively referred to as the second error amplifier or current error amplifier.

The implementation of voltage feedback unit 12 and current feedback unit 13 is described in detail above in association with Fig. 1 to Figure 17, and the adjustment mode of the corresponding target voltage of voltage feedback unit 12 and the corresponding target current of current feedback unit 13, below in conjunction with the implementation of Figure 18 detailed description power adjustment unit 14.

Optionally, in some embodiments, as shown in figure 18, voltage feedback unit 12 may include the first amplifier (Figure 18 is not shown, and specifically may refer to Fig. 9), and the output end of the first amplifier of voltage feedback unit 12 is used for output voltage feedback signal.Current feedback unit 13 may include the second amplifier (Figure 18 is not shown, and can specifically refer to Figure 17), and the output end of the second amplifier of current feedback unit 13 is for exporting current feedback signal.Power adjustment unit 14 may include first diode D1, the second diode D2, photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 181 and PWM control unit 182.The output end of the first amplifier (referring to Fig. 9, the output end of the first amplifier is used for output voltage feedback signal) of voltage feedback unit 12 is connected with the cathode of first diode D1.The anode of first diode D1 is connected with the input terminal of photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 181.The output end (referring to Figure 17, the output end of the second amplifier is for exporting current feedback signal) of second amplifier of current feedback unit 13 is connected with the cathode of the second diode D2.The anode of second diode D2 is connected with the input terminal of photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 181.The output end of photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 181 is connected with the input terminal of PWM control unit 182.The output end of PWM control unit 182 is connected with power conversion unit 11.

It should be understood that the first herein presented amplifier may refer to same amplifier.Similarly, the second herein presented amplifier may refer to same amplifier.

Specifically, in the present embodiment, the voltage signal of first amplifier output is voltage feedback signal, the voltage signal of second amplifier output is current feedback signal, the voltage signal of first amplifier output is that the output voltage of 0 the second adapter of instruction reaches target voltage, and the voltage signal of the second amplifier output is that the output end current of 0 the second adapter of instruction reaches target current.First diode D1 and the second diode D2 is the diode of two reverse parallel connections, when the voltage signal of any one amplifier output in the first amplifier and the second amplifier is 0, the voltage of feedback point in Figure 18 is about 0 (since diode current flow needs certain pressure difference, so the virtual voltage of feedback point can be slightly larger than 0,0.7V such as can be).In this case, the work of photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 181 exports stable voltage signal to PWM control unit 182 in stable state.Then, PWM control unit 182 generates the certain pwm control signal of duty ratio, stablizes the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter by power conversion unit 11.In other words, when any one in the output voltage of the second adapter and output electric current reaches target value, the first diode D1 of reverse parallel connection and the second diode D2 can perceive at once the generation of this event, and then make Obtain the output voltage and outputting current steadily of the second adapter.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter 10 can support the first charge mode and the second charge mode, the second adapter 10 to be faster than the second adapter 10 under the first charge mode to the charging rate of charging equipment (such as terminal) to the charging rate of charging equipment (such as terminal) under the second charge mode.In other words, for the second adapter 10 compared to work under the first charge mode, time-consuming of second adapter 10 full of the battery in the charging equipment (such as terminal) of identical capacity to work under the second charge mode is shorter.

Second adapter 10 includes control unit, and during the second adapter 10 is connect with charging equipment (such as terminal), control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to control the charging process of the second charge mode.The control unit can be the control unit in above-mentioned any embodiment, such as can be the control unit in the first adjustment unit, the control unit being also possible in second adjustment unit.

First charge mode can be normal charging mode, and the second charge mode can be fast charge mode.The normal charging mode refers to that the second adapter is exported relatively small current value (usually less than 2.5A) or charged with relatively small power (usually less than 15W) to the battery in charging equipment (such as terminal), want to be completely filled with a larger capacity batteries (such as batteries of 3000 milliampere hour capacity) under normal charging mode, it usually needs spend several hours time;And under fast charge mode, second adapter can export relatively large electric current (typically larger than 2.5A, such as 4.5A, 5A is even higher) or charged to the battery in charging equipment (such as terminal) with relatively large power (typically larger than be equal to 15W), for normal charging mode, the second adapter be completely filled under fast charge mode the charging time required for identical capacity batteries can be obviously shortened, charging rate faster.

The embodiment of the present invention is to the control unit of the second adapter and the Content of Communication of charging equipment (such as terminal), and the control mode of output of the control unit to the second adapter under the second charge mode is not especially limited, such as, control unit can be communicated with charging equipment (such as terminal), the current voltage or current electric quantity of battery in interaction charging equipment (such as terminal), and battery-based current voltage or current electric quantity adjust the output voltage or output electric current of the second adapter.Below with reference to specific embodiment between control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) Content of Communication and control unit the control mode of the output of the second adapter under the second charge mode is described in detail.

Optionally, in some embodiments, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to control the process of the output of the second adapter under the second charge mode can include: control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to negotiate the second adapter and charging equipment Charge mode between (such as terminal).

In the embodiment of the present invention, second adapter not blindly carries out quick charge to charging equipment (such as terminal) using the second charge mode, but two-way communication is carried out with charging equipment (such as terminal), negotiate whether the second adapter can carry out quick charge to charging equipment (such as terminal) using the second charge mode, is able to ascend the safety of charging process in this way.

Specifically, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to negotiate the charge mode between the second adapter and charging equipment (such as terminal) can include: control unit sends the first instruction to charging equipment (such as terminal), and the first instruction is for inquiring whether charging equipment (such as terminal) opens the second charge mode;Control unit receives the replying instruction for first instruction that charging equipment (such as terminal) is sent, and replying instruction is used to indicate whether charging equipment (such as terminal) is agreed to open the second charge mode;In the case where charging equipment (such as terminal) is agreed to open the second charge mode, control unit is charging equipment (such as terminal) charging using the second charge mode.

The foregoing description of the embodiment of the present invention can't be defined the second adapter (or control unit of the second adapter) and principal and subordinate's property of charging equipment (such as terminal), in other words, either party in control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) can be used as main equipment side and initiate two-way communication session, and correspondingly an other side can be used as from the communication that equipment side initiates main equipment side and make the first response or the first reply.As a kind of feasible mode, the identity of master and slave equipment can be confirmed relative to the level height of the earth by comparing the second adapter side and charging equipment (such as terminal) side in communication process.

The embodiment of the present invention does not restrict the specific implementation of two-way communication between the second adapter (or control unit of the second adapter) and charging equipment (such as terminal), in other words, either party in second adapter (or control unit of the second adapter) and charging equipment (such as terminal) is as main equipment side's initiation communication session, correspondingly an other side makes the first response or the first reply as the communication session initiated from equipment side main equipment side, main equipment side can reply for first response from equipment side or first and make the second response simultaneously, it is i.e. it is believed that main, from the negotiations process for completing a charge mode between equipment., can be after the negotiation for completing multiple charge mode between master and slave equipment side as a kind of feasible embodiment, then the charging operations between master and slave equipment side are executed, it is performed with ensuring that the charging process after negotiating is safe and reliable.

It can make the second response a kind of mode according to described reply the communication session first response or first from equipment policy as main equipment side and may is that main equipment side can receive first response or first made from equipment policy to communication session and reply, and from the of equipment according to receiving Targetedly the second response is made in one response or the first reply.As an example, when main equipment side receives first response or the first reply from equipment policy to communication session within the preset time, main equipment side can reply first response from equipment or first and make targetedly the second response specifically: the equipment side main equipment Fang Yucong completes the negotiation of a charge mode, charging operations are executed according to the first charge mode or the second charge mode according to negotiation result between the equipment side main equipment Fang Yucong, that is the second adapter works according to negotiation result and charges under the first charge mode or the second charge mode for charging equipment (such as terminal).

As main equipment side can according to it is described from equipment policy the first of communication session the response or first are replied make further second response a kind of mode may also is that main equipment side be not received by within the preset time it is described the first response of communication session or first are replied from equipment policy, main equipment side can also reply first response from equipment or first and make targetedly the second response.As an example, when main equipment side is not received by first response or the first reply from equipment policy to communication session within the preset time, main equipment side can also reply first response from equipment or first and make targetedly the second response specifically: the equipment side main equipment Fang Yucong completes the negotiation of a charge mode, charging operations are executed according to the first charge mode between the equipment side main equipment Fang Yucong, i.e. the second adapter work is charged under the first charge mode for charging equipment (such as terminal).

Optionally, in some embodiments, when charging equipment (such as terminal) initiates communication session as main equipment, after second adapter (or control unit of the second adapter) is as the first response or the first reply is made from the communication session that equipment initiates main equipment side, the first response of the second adapter or first are replied woth no need to charging equipment (such as terminal) and make targetedly the second response, i.e. it is believed that completing the negotiations process of a charge mode between the second adapter (or control unit of the second adapter) and charging equipment (such as terminal), and then the second adapter can be determined using the first charge mode or the second charge mode as charging equipment (such as terminal) according to negotiation result and be charged.

Optionally, in some embodiments, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to control the process of output of second adapter under the second charge mode can include: control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to determine the charging voltage for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) of the second adapter output under the second charge mode;Control unit is adjusted the voltage value of target voltage, the charging voltage for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) for the second adapter output for being equal to the voltage value of target voltage under the second charge mode.

Specifically, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, with determining the second adapter output under the second charge mode for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) Charging voltage can include: control unit sends the second instruction to charging equipment (such as terminal), and the second instruction is for inquiring whether the output voltage of the second adapter matches with the current voltage of the battery of charging equipment (such as terminal);Control unit receives the replying instruction for the second instruction that charging equipment (such as terminal) is sent, and the replying instruction of the second instruction is used to indicate the output voltage of the second adapter and matches with the current voltage of battery, is higher or relatively low.Alternatively, whether the second instruction can be used for inquiring suitable using the current output voltage of the second adapter as the charging voltage for being used to charge to charging equipment (such as terminal) of the second adapter output under the second charge mode, and the output voltage that the replying instruction of the second instruction may be used to indicate current second adapter is suitable, higher or relatively low.The current output voltage of second adapter is matched with the current voltage of battery, or second adapter current output voltage be suitable as the output of the second adapter under the second charge mode for can refer to that the current output voltage of the second adapter is slightly above the current voltage of battery to the charging voltage that charging equipment (such as terminal) charges, and the difference between the output voltage of the second adapter and the current voltage of battery is within a preset range (usually in several hundred millivolts of magnitude).

Optionally, in some embodiments, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to control the process of the second adapter output under the second charge mode can include: control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to determine the charging current for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) of the second adapter output under the second charge mode;Control unit is adjusted the current value of target current, the charging current for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) for the second adapter output for being equal to the current value of target current under the second charge mode.

Specifically, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to determine the charging current for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) of the second adapter output under the second charge mode can include: control unit sends third instruction to charging equipment (such as terminal), and third instructs the maximum charging current currently supported for inquiring charging equipment (such as terminal);Control unit receives the replying instruction for the third instruction that charging equipment (such as terminal) is sent, and the replying instruction of third instruction is used to indicate the maximum charging current that charging equipment (such as terminal) is currently supported;The maximum charging current that control unit is currently supported according to charging equipment (such as terminal) determines the charging current for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) of the second adapter output under the second charge mode.It should be understood that, the maximum charging current that control unit is currently supported according to charging equipment (such as terminal) determines there are many modes of the charging current for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) of the second adapter output under the second charge mode, for example, the maximum charging current that the second adapter can currently support charging equipment (such as terminal) is determined as filling for treating for the output of the second adapter under the second charge mode The charging current that electric equipment (such as terminal) charges, after the maximum charging current and the current output capability factor of itself that charging equipment (such as terminal) is currently supported can also be comprehensively considered, the charging current for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) of the second adapter output under the second charge mode is determined.

Optionally, in some embodiments, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to control the process of the output of the second adapter under the second charge mode can include: during the second adapter is that charging equipment (such as terminal) is charged using the second charge mode, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to adjust the output electric current of the second adapter under the second charge mode.

Specifically, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to adjust the output electric current of the second adapter can include: control unit sends the 4th instruction to charging equipment (such as terminal), and the 4th instructs the current voltage for inquiring the battery of charging equipment (such as terminal);Control unit receives the replying instruction for the 4th instruction that the second adapter is sent, and the replying instruction of the 4th instruction is used to indicate the current voltage of battery;Control unit adjusts the output electric current of the second adapter according to the current voltage of battery.

Optionally, in some embodiments, as shown in Figure 19 A, the second adapter 10 includes charging interface 191.Further, in some embodiments, the control unit (MCU in such as Figure 23) in the second adapter 10 can carry out two-way communication with charging equipment (such as terminal) by the data line 192 in charging interface 191.

Optionally, in some embodiments, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, to control the process of the output of the second adapter under the second charge mode can include: control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, with determine charging interface whether poor contact.

Specifically, control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) carry out two-way communication, so as to determine charging interface whether poor contact can include: control unit to charging equipment (such as terminal) send the 4th instruction, the 4th instructs the current voltage for inquiring the battery of charging equipment (such as terminal);Control unit receives the replying instruction for the 4th instruction that charging equipment (such as terminal) is sent, and the replying instruction of the 4th instruction is used to indicate the current voltage of the battery of charging equipment (such as terminal);Control unit according to the current voltage of output voltage and charging equipment (such as terminal) battery of the second adapter, determine charging interface whether poor contact.Such as, control unit determines that the pressure difference of the output voltage of the second adapter and the current voltage of charging equipment (such as terminal) is greater than preset voltage threshold, then show that pressure difference at this time is greater than preset impedance threshold divided by the obtained impedance of present current value that the second adapter exports, that is, can determine charging interface poor contact.

Optionally, in some embodiments, charging interface poor contact can also be determined from charging equipment (such as terminal): charging equipment (such as terminal) sends the 6th instruction to control unit, and the 6th instruction is for inquiring the output voltage of the second adapter;The replying instruction of the replying instruction for the 6th instruction that charging equipment (such as terminal) reception control unit is sent, the 6th instruction is used to indicate the output voltage of the second adapter;Charging equipment (such as terminal) according to the current voltage of charging equipment (such as terminal) battery and the output voltage of the second adapter, determine charging interface whether poor contact.After charging equipment (such as terminal) determines charging interface poor contact, charging equipment (such as terminal) sends the 5th instruction to control unit, and the 5th instruction is used to indicate charging interface poor contact.Control unit can control the second adapter and exit the second charge mode after receiving the 5th instruction.

Communication process below with reference to Figure 19 B, between the control unit being described more fully in the second adapter and charging equipment (such as terminal).It should be noted that the example of Figure 19 B is just for the sake of helping skilled in the art to understand the embodiment of the present invention, and specific value or concrete scene illustrated by the embodiment of the present invention have to being limited to.Those skilled in the art are according to the example of given Figure 19 B, it is clear that can carry out the modification or variation of various equivalences, such modification or variation are also fallen into the range of the embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in Figure 19 B, to the charging process of charging equipment (such as terminal), i.e. charging process may include five stages for the output of the second adapter under the second charge mode:

Stage 1:

After charging equipment (such as terminal) is connect with power supply offer device, charging equipment (such as terminal) can detect power supply by data line D+, D- and provide the type of device, when detecting power supply offer device is the second adapter, then the electric current that charging equipment (such as terminal) absorbs can be greater than preset current threshold I2 (such as can be 1A).When the control unit in the second adapter detect preset duration (such as, can be 1 time of continuous T) in the second adapter output electric current be greater than or equal to I2 when, the type identification that then control unit can consider that charging equipment (such as terminal) provides device for power supply has been completed, control unit opens the negotiations process between the second adapter and charging equipment (such as terminal), instruction 1 (corresponding to above-mentioned first instruction) is sent to charging equipment (such as terminal), to inquire whether charging equipment (such as terminal) agrees to that the second adapter charges to charging equipment (such as terminal) with the second charge mode.

When control unit receives the replying instruction of the instruction 1 of charging equipment (such as terminal) transmission, and replying instruction instruction charging equipment (such as terminal) of the instruction 1, when disagreeing the second adapter and being charged with the second charge mode to charging equipment (such as terminal), control unit detects the output electric current of the second adapter again.When the second adapter output electric current in preset continuous duration (for example, it may be even The continuous T1 time) when being still greater than or being equal to I2, control unit sends instruction 1 to charging equipment (such as terminal) again, and whether inquiry charging equipment (such as terminal) agrees to that the second adapter charges to charging equipment (such as terminal) with the second charge mode.The above-mentioned steps of control unit duplication stages 1, until charging equipment (such as terminal) agree to the second adapter charged with the second charge mode to charging equipment (such as terminal) or the output electric current of the second adapter no longer meet be greater than or equal to I2 condition.

After charging equipment (such as terminal) agrees to that the second adapter charges to charging equipment (such as terminal) with the second charge mode, communication process entered for the 2nd stage.

Stage 2:

The output voltage of second adapter may include multiple gears.Control unit sends instruction 2 (corresponding to above-mentioned second instruction) to charging equipment (such as terminal), to inquire whether the output voltage (current output voltage) of the second adapter matches with the current voltage of charging equipment (such as terminal) battery.

Charging equipment (such as terminal) sends the replying instruction of instruction 2 to control unit, is matched with the output voltage of the second adapter of instruction with the current voltage of charging equipment (such as terminal) battery, is higher or relatively low.If the replying instruction for instruction 2 indicates that the output voltage of the second adapter is higher or relatively low, the output voltage of second adapter can be adjusted a lattice gear by control unit, and instruction 2 is sent to charging equipment (such as terminal) again, whether the output voltage for re-prompting the second adapter matches with the current voltage of charging equipment (such as terminal) battery.The above-mentioned steps of duplication stages 2 determine that the output voltage of the second adapter is matched with the current voltage of charging equipment (such as terminal) battery until charging equipment (such as terminal), into the 3rd stage.

Stage 3:

Control unit sends instruction 3 (corresponding to above-mentioned third to instruct), the maximum charging current that inquiry charging equipment (such as terminal) is currently supported to charging equipment (such as terminal).Charging equipment (such as terminal) sends the replying instruction of instruction 3 to control unit, to indicate maximum charging current that charging equipment (such as terminal) is currently supported, and enters for the 4th stage.

Stage 4:

The maximum charging current that control unit is currently supported according to charging equipment (such as terminal), determine the charging current for charging to charging equipment (such as terminal) that the second adapter exports under the second charge mode, subsequently into stage 5, i.e. constant-current charging phase.

Stage 5:

After entering constant-current charging phase, control unit can send instruction 4 (corresponding to above-mentioned 4th instruction) to charging equipment (such as terminal) at interval of a period of time, inquire charging equipment (such as terminal) The current voltage of battery.Charging equipment (such as terminal) can send the replying instruction of instruction 4 to control unit, to feed back the current voltage of charging equipment (such as terminal) battery.Control unit can judge whether the contact of charging interface is good, and whether need to reduce the output electric current of the second adapter according to the current voltage of charging equipment (such as terminal) battery.When the second adapter judges the poor contact of charging interface, instruction 5 (corresponding to above-mentioned 5th instruction) can be sent to charging equipment (such as terminal), second adapter can exit the second charge mode, then reset and reenter the stage 1.

Optionally, in some embodiments, in the stage 1, when charging equipment (such as terminal) sends the replying instruction of instruction 1, the data (or information) for the path resistance that the charging equipment (such as terminal) can be carried in 1 replying instruction are instructed.The path resistance data of charging equipment (such as terminal) can be used for judging whether the contact of charging interface is good in the stage 5.

Optionally, in some embodiments, in the stage 2, agreeing to that the second adapter be charged to control unit to charging equipment (such as terminal) under the second charge mode the output voltage of the second adapter is adjusted to the suitable charging voltage time experienced from charging equipment (such as terminal) be can control within limits.If the time exceeds preset range, the second adapter or charging equipment (such as terminal) can be determined that fast charge communication process is abnormal, reset to reenter the stage 1.

Optionally, in some embodiments, in the stage 2, when current voltage high Δ V (Δ V can be set as 200~500mV) of the output voltage of the second adapter than charging equipment (such as terminal) battery, charging equipment (such as terminal) can send the replying instruction of instruction 2 to control unit, to indicate that the output voltage of the second adapter is matched with the cell voltage of charging equipment (such as terminal).

Optionally, in some embodiments, in the stage 4, the regulating the speed for electric current of output of second adapter can control within a certain range, the second adapter output under the second charge mode can be caused to be abnormal the charging process of charging equipment (such as terminal) to avoid due to regulating the speed too fast in this way.

Optionally, in some embodiments, in the stage 5, the amplitude of variation of the output electric current of the second adapter be can control within 5%.

Optionally, in some embodiments, in the stage 5, the path resistance of charging circuit is can be monitored in real time in control unit.Specifically, control unit can monitor the path resistance of charging circuit according to the current voltage of the battery of the output voltage of the second adapter, output electric current and charging equipment (such as terminal) feedback.When " path resistance of charging circuit " > " path resistance+charge cable impedance of charging equipment (such as terminal) ", it can consider charging interface poor contact, the second adapter is stopped under the second charge mode and charged to charging equipment (such as terminal).

Optionally, in some embodiments, the second adapter is opened under the second charge mode to be charged After equipment (such as terminal) is charged, the communication time interval between control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal) be can control within limits, avoids commitment defini interval too short and communication process is caused to be abnormal.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the stopping (or the stopping of the second adapter under the second charge mode to the charging process of charging equipment (such as terminal)) of charging process can be divided into recoverable stopping and expendable two kinds of stopping.

For example, charging communication process resets, and charging process reenters the stage 1 when the battery for detecting charging equipment (such as terminal) is full of or when charging interface poor contact, charging process stops.Then, charging equipment (such as terminal) disagrees the second adapter and charges under the second charge mode to charging equipment (such as terminal), then communication process does not enter the stage 2.In this case the stopping of charging process can be considered as expendable stopping.

In another example charging process stops when there is communication abnormality between control unit and charging equipment (such as terminal), charging communication process resets, and charging process reenters the stage 1.After the requirement for meeting the stage 1, charging equipment (such as terminal) agrees to that the second adapter charges to restore charging process to charging equipment (such as terminal) under the second charge mode.In this case the stopping of charging process can be considered as recoverable stopping.

In another example charging process stops when charging equipment (such as terminal) detects that battery occurs abnormal, charging communication process resets, and charging process reenters the stage 1.Then, charging equipment (such as terminal) disagrees the second adapter and charges under the second charge mode to charging equipment (such as terminal).When battery recovery is normal, and after meeting the requirement in stage 1, charging equipment (such as terminal) agrees to that the second adapter charges to charging equipment (such as terminal) under the second charge mode.In this case the stopping of fast charge process can be considered as recoverable stopping.

Above to shown in Figure 19 B communication steps or operation be only example.Such as, in the stage 1, after charging equipment (such as terminal) and the second adapter are attached, handshake communication between charging equipment (such as terminal) and control unit can also be initiated by charging equipment (such as terminal), i.e. charging equipment (such as terminal) sends instruction 1, and whether inquiry control unit opens the second charge mode.When the replying instruction instruction control unit that charging equipment (such as terminal) receives control unit agrees to that the second adapter charges to charging equipment (such as terminal) under the second charge mode, the second adapter starts to charge to the battery of charging equipment (such as terminal) under the second charge mode.

For another example, after the stage 5, it may also include constant voltage charging phase.Specifically, in the stage 5, charging equipment (such as terminal) can feed back the current voltage of battery to control unit, current when battery When voltage reaches constant-voltage charge voltage threshold, the charging stage is transferred to constant voltage charging phase from constant-current charging phase.In constant voltage charging phase, charging current is gradually reduced, and stops entire charging process when electric current drops to a certain threshold value, indicates that the battery of charging equipment (such as terminal) is already filled with.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the output electric current of the second adapter is Rectified alternating current (or the electric current or steamed bun wave electric current for the output electric current or pulsating waveform unidirectionally pulsed).The waveform of Rectified alternating current is as shown in figure 20.

Output power with the second adapter becomes larger, and the second adapter be easy to cause the analysis lithium phenomenon of battery, to reduce the service life of battery when charging to the battery in charging equipment (such as terminal).In order to improve the reliability and safety of battery, the embodiment of the present invention controls the second adapter output ripple direct current.Rectified alternating current can reduce the probability and intensity of the arcing of the contact of charging interface, improve the service life of charging interface.By the output electric current of the second adapter be set as Rectified alternating current mode can there are many, for example, the secondary filter unit in power conversion unit 11 can be removed, will directly be exported after secondary current rectification, formation Rectified alternating current.

Further, as shown in figure 21, based on any of the above embodiments, second adapter 10 can support the first charge mode and the second charge mode, the second adapter to be faster than the second adapter under the first charge mode to the charging rate of charging equipment (such as terminal) to the charging rate of charging equipment (such as terminal) under the second charge mode.Power conversion unit 11 may include secondary filter unit 211, and the second adapter 10 may include control unit 212, and control unit 212 is connected with secondary filter unit 211.Under the first charge mode, control unit 212 controls secondary filter unit 211 and works, so that the voltage value constant of the output voltage of the second adapter 10.Under the second charge mode, control unit 212 controls secondary filter unit 211 and stops working, so that the output electric current of the second adapter 10 is Rectified alternating current.

In the embodiment of the present invention, control unit can control whether secondary filter unit works, so that the ordinary straight galvanic electricity that the second adapter both can be constant with output current value, the Rectified alternating current that can also be changed with output current value, to be compatible with existing charge mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the second adapter 10 supports the second charge mode.Second charge mode can be constant current mode, and under the second charge mode, the output electric current of the second adapter is alternating current, and alternating current equally can reduce the analysis lithium phenomenon of lithium cell, improve the service life of battery core.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter 10 supports the second charge mode, second charge mode can be constant current mode, under the second charge mode, the output voltage and output electric current of second adapter are loaded directly at the both ends of the battery of charging equipment (such as terminal), are directly filled for battery.

Specifically, directly fill can refer to by the output voltage of the second adapter and output electric current be loaded directly into The both ends of (or being directed directly to) charging equipment (such as terminal) battery, it charges for the battery of charging equipment (such as terminal), centre needs not move through translation circuit and converts to the output electric current or output voltage of the second adapter, avoids conversion process bring energy loss.During being charged using the second charge mode, in order to adjust the charging voltage or charging current on charging circuit, second adapter can be designed to intelligent adapter, the transformation of charging voltage or charging current is completed by the second adapter, the burden of charging equipment (such as terminal) can be mitigated in this way, and reduce the calorific value of charging equipment.Constant current mode herein refers to the charge mode that the output electric current to the second adapter is controlled, and does not require that the output constant current hold of the second adapter is constant.In practice, the mode that the second adapter generallys use multi-stage constant current under constant current mode charges.

Constant-current charge in stages (Multi-stage constant current charging) has N number of charging stage (N is an integer not less than 2).Constant-current charge in stages can start first stage charging with scheduled charging current.N number of charging stage of the constant-current charge in stages is successively performed from the first stage to (N-1) a stage, and after the previous charging stage in the charging stage going to next charging stage, charging current value becomes smaller;When cell voltage reaches end of charge voltage threshold value, the previous charging stage in the charging stage can go to next charging stage.

Further, in the case where the output electric current of the second adapter is Rectified alternating current, constant current mode can refer to the charge mode controlled the peak value or mean value of Rectified alternating current, that is, the peak value for controlling the output electric current of the second adapter is no more than the corresponding electric current of constant current mode, as shown in figure 22.In addition, constant current mode can refer to the charge mode controlled the peak value of alternating current in the case that the output electric current of the second adapter is alternating current.

Below with reference to specific example, it is described more fully the embodiment of the present invention.It should be noted that the example of Figure 23 is just for the sake of helping skilled in the art to understand the embodiment of the present invention, and specific value or concrete scene illustrated by the embodiment of the present invention have to being limited to.Those skilled in the art are according to the example of given Figure 23, it is clear that can carry out the modification or variation of various equivalences, such modification or variation are also fallen into the range of the embodiment of the present invention.

Second adapter includes power conversion unit (corresponding to power conversion unit 11 above).As shown in figure 23, which may include the input terminal of alternating current AC, primary rectifier unit 231, transformer T1, secondary rectifier unit 232 and secondary filter unit 233.

Specifically, the input terminal of alternating current AC introduces alternating current (the usually alternating current of 220V), and alternating current is then transmitted to primary rectifier unit 231.

Primary rectifier unit 231 is used to alternating current being converted into the first Rectified alternating current, then by the first pulsation DC power transmission is to transformer T1.Primary rectifier unit 231 can be bridge rectifier unit, such as can be full-bridge rectification unit as shown in figure 23, alternatively, being also possible to Half bridge rectifier unit, the present invention is not especially limit this.

The primary side of existing adapter includes primary filter unit, primary filter unit is generally basede on liquid aluminum electrolytic capacitor and is filtered, and the volume of liquid aluminum electrolytic capacitor is larger, the volume that will lead to adapter is larger, the primary side of second adapter provided in an embodiment of the present invention does not include primary filter unit, can substantially reduce the volume of the second adapter in this way.

Transformer T1 is used to couple secondary from the primary of transformer for the first Rectified alternating current, obtains the second Rectified alternating current, and export second Rectified alternating current by the secondary windings of transformer T1.Transformer T1 can be common transformer, be also possible to the high frequency transformer that working frequency is 50KHz-2MHz.The type of Switching Power Supply used in the number and type of attachment of the armature winding of transformer T1 and the second adapter is related, and the present invention is not especially limit this.As shown in figure 23, the second adapter can use inverse-excitation type switch power-supply.One end of the armature winding of transformer is connected with primary rectifier unit 231, and the other end of armature winding is connected with the switch that PWM controller is controlled.Certainly, the second adapter can also be the second adapter using positive activation type Switching Power Supply or push-pull type Switching Power Supply.Primary rectifier unit and transformer in different types of Switching Power Supply have respective type of attachment, for sake of simplicity, will not enumerate here.

The second Rectified alternating current that secondary rectifier unit 232 is used for the secondary windings output to transformer T1 rectifies, and obtains third Rectified alternating current.There are many forms of secondary rectifier unit 232, a kind of typical secondary synchronization rectification circuit shown in Figure 23, the circuit of synchronous rectification includes synchronous rectification (Synchronous Rectifier, SR) chip, by MOS (the Metal Oxide Semiconductor of the SR chip controls, MOS it) manages, and is connected to the diode at metal-oxide-semiconductor source electrode and drain electrode both ends.The SR chip issues pwm control signal to the grid of metal-oxide-semiconductor, controls the on-off of the metal-oxide-semiconductor, to realize secondary synchronous rectification.

The second Rectified alternating current that secondary filter unit 233 is used to export secondary rectifier unit 232 rectifies, and obtains output voltage and output electric current (i.e. the voltage and currents at the both ends VBUS and GND in Figure 23) of the second adapter.In the embodiment of Figure 23, the capacitor in secondary filter unit 233 can be filtered using solid capacitor or the solid capacitor mode in parallel with conventional capacitive (such as ceramic condenser).

Further, secondary filter unit 233 can also include switch unit, such as the switching tube Q1 in Figure 23.Switching tube Q1 receives the control signal that MCU is sent.When MCU control switch pipe Q1 closure, secondary filter unit 233 works, so that the work of the second adapter is in the first charge mode.? Under first charge mode, the output voltage of the second adapter can be 5V, and output electric current is stable direct current.When MCU control switch pipe Q1 is disconnected, secondary filter unit 233 stops working, and the second adapter works in the second charge mode.Under the second charge mode, secondary rectifier unit 232 is directly rectified obtained pulsating direct current electricity output by the second adapter.

Further, the second adapter may include voltage feedback unit (corresponding to voltage feedback unit 12 above).As shown in figure 23, voltage feedback unit may include resistance R1, resistance R2 and the first amplifier OPA1.

Specifically, resistance R1 and resistance R2 samples the output voltage (i.e. voltage on VBUS) of the second adapter, and the first voltage that sampling obtains is sent to the inverting input terminal of OPA1, to indicate the size of the output voltage of the second adapter.The non-inverting input terminal of first amplifier OPA1 is connected by DAC1 with the port DAC1 of MCU.MCU adjusts the voltage value of the reference voltage (corresponding to the first reference voltage above) of the first amplifier OPA1, and then adjust the voltage value of the corresponding target voltage of voltage feedback unit by the size of the analog quantity of the output of control DAC1.

Further, the second adapter may include current feedback unit (corresponding to current feedback unit 13 above).As shown in figure 23, current feedback unit may include resistance R3, galvanometer, resistance R4, resistance R5 and the second amplifier OPA2.

Specifically, resistance R3 is inspection leakage resistance.Galvanometer flows through the electric current of resistance R3 by detection and obtains the output electric current of the second adapter, the output electric current of the second adapter is then converted into corresponding voltage value exports to resistance R4 and the both ends resistance R5 to divide, obtain second voltage.Second voltage may be used to indicate the size of the output electric current of the second adapter.The inverting input terminal of second amplifier OPA2 is for receiving second voltage.The non-inverting input terminal of second amplifier OPA2 is connected by DAC2 with the port DAC2 of MCU.MCU adjusts the voltage value of the reference voltage (corresponding to the second reference voltage above) of the second amplifier OPA2, and then adjust the current value of the corresponding target current of current feedback unit by the size of the analog quantity of the output of control DAC2.

Second adapter further includes power adjustment unit (corresponding to power adjustment unit 14 above).As shown in figure 23, power adjustment unit may include first diode D1, the second diode D2, photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 234, PWM controller and switching tube Q2.

Specifically, first diode D1 and the second diode D2 is the diode of two reverse parallel connections, and the anode of first diode D1 and the second diode D2 are connected to feedback point shown in Figure 23.The input terminal of photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 234 is used to receive the voltage signal of feedback point.When the voltage of feedback point is lower than the operating voltage VDD of photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 234, photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 234 is started to work, to PWM The end FB of controller provides feedback voltage.Voltage of the PWM controller by comparing the end CS and the end FB, the duty ratio of the pwm signal of the control end PWM output.When the voltage signal (voltage feedback signal i.e. above) of the first amplifier OPA1 output is 0, or second amplifier OPA2 output voltage signal (current feedback signal i.e. above) be 0 when, the duty ratio of the voltage stabilization at the end FB, the pwm control signal of the end the PWM output of PWM controller keeps certain.The end PWM of PWM controller is connected by switching tube Q2 with the armature winding of transformer T1, for controlling the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter.When one timing of duty ratio for the control signal that the end PWM issues, the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter are also maintained for stablizing.

Further, the second adapter of Figure 23 further includes the first adjustment unit and second adjustment unit.As shown in figure 23, the first adjustment unit includes MCU (corresponding to control unit above) and DAC1, the voltage value of the reference voltage for adjusting the first amplifier OPA1, and then the voltage value of the corresponding target voltage of adjustment voltage feedback unit.Second adjustment unit includes MCU (corresponding to control unit above) and DAC2, for adjusting the reference voltage of the second amplifier OPA2, and then adjusts the current value of the corresponding target current of current feedback unit.

MCU can be adjusted the voltage value of target voltage and the current value of target current according to the currently used charge mode of the second adapter.For example, target voltage can be adjusted to the corresponding voltage of constant voltage mode when the second adapter is charged using constant voltage mode, target current is adjusted under constant voltage mode to the maximum current for allowing to export.For another example, when the second adapter is charged using constant current mode, target current can be adjusted to the corresponding electric current of constant current mode, target voltage is adjusted under constant current mode to the maximum voltage for allowing to export.

For example, target voltage can be adjusted to fixed voltage value (such as 5V) under constant voltage mode.In view of primary side and (primary filter unit uses the biggish liquid aluminum electrolytic capacitor of volume to not set primary filter unit, in order to reduce the volume of the second adapter, the embodiment of the present invention removes primary filter unit), the carrying load ability of secondary filter unit 233 is limited, can set target current to 500mA or 1A.Second adapter is primarily based on Voltage Feedback ring and adjusts output voltage to 5V.Once the output electric current of the second adapter reaches target current, target current must not exceed by the output electric current that current feedback ring controls the second adapter.Under constant current mode, 4A can be set by target current, set 5V for target voltage.Since the output electric current of the second adapter is Rectified alternating current, peak clipping processing is carried out by the electric current that current feedback ring can will be above 4A, the current peak of Rectified alternating current is made to be maintained at 4A.Once the output voltage of the second adapter is more than target voltage, target voltage must not exceed by the output voltage that Voltage Feedback ring controls the second adapter.

In addition, MCU can also include communication interface.MCU can carry out two-way communication with charging equipment (such as terminal) by the communication interface, control the charging process of the second adapter.By taking charging interface is USB interface as an example, which is also possible to the USB interface.Specifically, it is that charging equipment (such as terminal) charges, and is communicated using the data line (D+ and/or D-) in USB interface with charging equipment (such as terminal) that the power supply line in USB interface, which can be used, in second adapter.

In addition, photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition 234 can also be connected with voltage regulation unit, so that the operating voltage of optocoupler keeps stablizing.As shown in figure 23, the voltage regulation unit in the embodiment of the present invention can be realized using low-dropout regulator (Low Dropout Regulator, LDO).

Figure 23 is illustrated so that control unit (MCU) adjusts the reference voltage of the first amplifier OPA1 by DAC1 as an example, the adjustment mode of this reference voltage corresponds to reference voltage adjustment mode shown in Fig. 4, but the embodiment of the present invention is without being limited thereto, it can also be using any one reference voltage adjustment mode as described in Fig. 5 to-Fig. 8, for sake of simplicity, and will not be described here in detail.

Figure 23 is illustrated so that control unit (MCU) adjusts the reference voltage of the second amplifier OPA2 by DAC2 as an example, the adjustment mode of this reference voltage corresponds to reference voltage adjustment mode shown in Figure 12, but the embodiment of the present invention is without being limited thereto, it can also be using any one reference voltage adjustment mode as described in Figure 13 to-Figure 16, for sake of simplicity, and will not be described here in detail.

Above in association with Fig. 1-Figure 23, the device of the invention embodiment is described in detail, below in conjunction with Figure 24, the embodiment of the method for the present invention is described in detail embodiment, it should be appreciated that the description of method side is corresponded to each other with the description of device side, for sake of simplicity, suitably omitting repetitive description.

Figure 24 is the schematic flow chart of charge control method according to an embodiment of the present invention.The charging method of Figure 24 can be executed by the second adapter 10 above, and this method may include acting as follows.

2410, capable conversion is rotated into the alternating current of input, to obtain the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter.

2420, the output voltage of the second adapter is detected, to generate voltage feedback signal, whether the output voltage that voltage feedback signal is used to indicate the second adapter reaches the target voltage of setting.

2430, the output electric current of the second adapter is detected, to generate current feedback signal, whether the output electric current that current feedback signal is used to indicate the second adapter reaches the target current of setting.

2440, voltage feedback signal indicate the second adapter output voltage reach target voltage or current feedback signal indicate the second adapter output electric current reach target current in the case where, stablize the output voltage and output electric current of the second adapter.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the second adapter supports the first charge mode, the first charging mould Formula is constant voltage mode.Under constant voltage mode, target voltage is the corresponding voltage of constant voltage mode, and target current is the maximum current that the second adapter allows to export under constant voltage mode.The method of Figure 24 may also include that according to voltage feedback signal, and the output voltage of the second adapter is adjusted voltage corresponding to constant voltage mode.In 2440 can include: when the output electric current of current feedback signal the second adapter of instruction reaches the maximum current that the second adapter allows to export under constant voltage mode, the output electric current of the second adapter of control is no more than the maximum current that the second adapter allows to export under constant voltage mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the second adapter includes that the voltage of pulsating waveform is directly output to the transformer by primary rectifier unit, transformer, secondary rectifier unit and secondary filter unit, the primary rectifier unit.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the second adapter allows the maximum current exported to be the capacity determination based on the capacitor in secondary filter unit under constant voltage mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the second adapter supports the second charge mode.Second charge mode is constant current mode.Under constant current mode, target voltage is the maximum voltage that the second adapter allows to export under constant current mode, and target current is the corresponding electric current of constant current mode.The method of Figure 24 further include: according to current feedback signal, the output electric current of the second adapter is adjusted into electric current corresponding to constant current mode.In 2440 can include: when the output voltage of voltage feedback signal the second adapter of instruction reaches the maximum voltage that the second adapter allows to export under constant current mode, the output voltage of the second adapter of control is no more than the maximum voltage that the second adapter allows to export under constant current mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the method for Figure 24 may also include that the value of adjustment target voltage.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter supports the first charge mode and the second charge mode, the value of the adjustment target voltage can include: based on the second adapter currently used the first charge mode or the second charge mode, adjust the value of target voltage.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the output voltage of the second adapter is detected, to generate voltage feedback signal can include: the output voltage of the second adapter is sampled, first voltage is obtained;Compare first voltage and the first reference voltage;Comparison result based on first voltage and the first reference voltage generates voltage feedback signal;Adjust the value of target voltage, comprising: by adjusting the value of the first reference voltage, adjust the value of target voltage.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the value of first reference voltage is adjusted based on the first DAC.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the value of first reference voltage is single based on RC filtering Member adjustment.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the value of first reference voltage is adjusted based on digital regulation resistance.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the output voltage of the second adapter is detected, to generate voltage feedback signal can include: the output voltage of the second adapter is divided according to the intrinsic standoff ratio of setting, generates first voltage;Compare first voltage and the first reference voltage;Comparison result based on first voltage and the first reference voltage generates voltage feedback signal;The value of the adjustment target voltage can include: by adjusting intrinsic standoff ratio, adjust the voltage value of target voltage.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the intrinsic standoff ratio is the intrinsic standoff ratio of digital regulation resistance.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the method for Figure 24 may also include that the current value of adjustment target current.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the second adapter supports the first charge mode and the second charge mode.The current value of the adjustment target current can include: based on the second adapter currently used the first charge mode or the second charge mode, adjust the current value of target current.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the output electric current of the second adapter is detected, to generate current feedback signal can include: the output electric current of the second adapter is sampled, second voltage is obtained, second voltage is used to indicate the size of the output electric current of the second adapter;Compare second voltage and the second reference voltage;Comparison result based on second voltage and the second reference voltage generates current feedback signal;The current value of the adjustment target current can include: by adjusting the voltage value of the second reference voltage, adjust the current value of target current.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the value of second reference voltage is adjusted based on the 2nd DAC.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the value of second reference voltage is adjusted based on RC filter unit.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the value of second reference voltage is adjusted based on digital regulation resistance.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the output electric current to the second adapter detects, to generate current feedback signal can include: samples to the output electric current of the second adapter, tertiary voltage is obtained, tertiary voltage is used to indicate the size of the output electric current of the second adapter;Tertiary voltage is divided according to the intrinsic standoff ratio of setting, generates second voltage;Compare second voltage and the second reference voltage;Comparison result based on second voltage and the second reference voltage generates current feedback signal;The adjustment target current Current value can include: by adjusting intrinsic standoff ratio, adjust the current value of target current.

Optionally, in some embodiments, the intrinsic standoff ratio is the intrinsic standoff ratio of digital regulation resistance.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter supports the first charge mode and the second charge mode.Second adapter is faster than second adapter under first charge mode to the charging rate of the charging equipment to the charging rate of charging equipment under second charge mode.The method of Figure 24 may also include that during second adapter is connect with charging equipment, carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to control the output of second adapter under second charge mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to control the process of the output of second adapter under second charge mode can include: two-way communication is carried out with the charging equipment, to negotiate the charge mode between second adapter and the charging equipment.

Optionally, in some embodiments, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to negotiate the charge mode between second adapter and the charging equipment can include: Xiang Suoshu charging equipment sends the first instruction, and first instruction is for inquiring whether the charging equipment opens second charge mode;The replying instruction for first instruction that the charging equipment is sent is received, the replying instruction of first instruction is used to indicate whether the charging equipment is agreed to open second charge mode;It the use of second charge mode is charging equipment charging in the case where the charging equipment is agreed to open second charge mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to control the process of the output of second adapter under second charge mode can include: two-way communication is carried out with the charging equipment, to determine the charging voltage for charging to the charging equipment of second adapter output under second charge mode;The voltage value of the target voltage is adjusted, the charging voltage for charging to the charging equipment for second adapter output for being equal to the voltage value of the target voltage under second charge mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to determine the charging voltage for charging to the charging equipment of second adapter output under second charge mode can include: Xiang Suoshu charging equipment sends the second instruction, and second instruction is for inquiring whether the output voltage of second adapter matches with the current voltage of the battery of the charging equipment;Receive the replying instruction for second instruction that the charging equipment is sent, the replying instruction of second instruction is used to indicate the current of the output voltage of second adapter and the battery It is voltage matches, higher or relatively low.

Optionally, in some embodiments, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to control the process of the output of second adapter under second charge mode can include: two-way communication is carried out with the charging equipment, to determine the charging current for charging to the charging equipment of second adapter output under second charge mode;The current value of the target current is adjusted, the charging current for charging to the charging equipment for second adapter output for being equal to the current value of the target current under second charge mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to determine the charging current for charging to the charging equipment of second adapter output under second charge mode can include: Xiang Suoshu charging equipment sends third instruction, and the third instructs the maximum charging current currently supported for inquiring the charging equipment;The replying instruction for the third instruction that the charging equipment is sent is received, the replying instruction of the third instruction is used to indicate the maximum charging current that the charging equipment is currently supported;The maximum charging current currently supported according to the charging equipment determines the charging current for charging to the charging equipment of second adapter output under second charge mode.

Optionally, in some embodiments, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to control the process of the output of second adapter under second charge mode can include: during being charged using second charge mode, two-way communication is carried out with the charging equipment, to adjust the output electric current of second adapter.

Optionally, in some embodiments, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to adjust the output electric current of second adapter can include: the 4th instruction that Xiang Suoshu charging equipment is sent, the described 4th instructs the current voltage for inquiring the battery of the charging equipment;The replying instruction for the 4th instruction that second adapter is sent is received, the replying instruction of the 4th instruction is used to indicate the current voltage of the battery;According to the current voltage of the battery, the output electric current of second adapter is adjusted.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter includes charging interface.Second adapter carries out two-way communication with the charging equipment by the data line in the charging interface.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter supports the second charge mode.Second charge mode is constant current mode, and under second charge mode, and the output electric current of second adapter is Rectified alternating current.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter supports the first charge mode.Described One charge mode is constant voltage mode.Second adapter includes secondary filter unit, and the method for Figure 24 may also include that under first charge mode, the secondary filter unit work is controlled, so that the voltage value constant of the output voltage of second adapter;Under second charge mode, controls the secondary filter unit and stop working, so that the output electric current of second adapter is Rectified alternating current.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter supports the second charge mode.Second charge mode is constant current mode, and under second charge mode, and the output electric current of second adapter is alternating current.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter supports the second charge mode.Under second charge mode, the output voltage and output electric current of second adapter are loaded directly at the both ends of the battery of the charging equipment, are directly filled for the battery.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter is used to the second adapter of mobile charging equipment charging.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter includes the control unit for being controlled charging process, described control unit MCU.

Optionally, in some embodiments, second adapter includes charging interface, and the charging interface is USB interface.

It should be understood that " the first adapter " and " the second adapter " herein be not merely to the convenience described, really wants to be defined the concrete type of the adapter of the embodiment of the present invention.

Those of ordinary skill in the art may be aware that unit described in conjunction with the examples disclosed in the embodiments of the present disclosure and algorithm steps, can be realized with the combination of electronic hardware or computer software and electronic hardware.These functions are implemented in hardware or software actually, the specific application and design constraint depending on technical solution.Professional technician can use different methods to achieve the described function each specific application, but such implementation should not be considered as beyond the scope of the present invention.

It is apparent to those skilled in the art that for convenience and simplicity of description, system, the specific work process of device and unit of foregoing description can refer to corresponding processes in the foregoing method embodiment, details are not described herein.

In several embodiments provided herein, it should be understood that disclosed systems, devices and methods may be implemented in other ways.Such as, the apparatus embodiments described above are merely exemplary, such as, the division of the unit, only a kind of logical function partition, there may be another division manner in actual implementation, such as multiple units or components can be combined or can be integrated into another system, or some features can be ignored or not executed.Another point, shown or discussed is mutual Coupling, direct-coupling or communication connection can be through some interfaces, the indirect coupling or communication connection of device or unit can be electrical property, mechanical or other forms.

The unit as illustrated by the separation member may or may not be physically separated, and component shown as a unit may or may not be physical unit, it can and it is in one place, or may be distributed over multiple network units.It can some or all of the units may be selected to achieve the purpose of the solution of this embodiment according to the actual needs.

In addition, the functional units in various embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into one processing unit, it is also possible to each unit and physically exists alone, can also be integrated in one unit with two or more units.

If the function is realized in the form of SFU software functional unit and when sold or used as an independent product, can store in a computer readable storage medium.Based on this understanding, substantially the part of the part that contributes to existing technology or the technical solution can be embodied in the form of software products technical solution of the present invention in other words, the computer software product is stored in a storage medium, it uses including some instructions so that a computer equipment (can be personal computer, server, the second adapter or the network equipment etc.) it performs all or part of the steps of the method described in the various embodiments of the present invention.And storage medium above-mentioned includes: USB flash disk, mobile hard disk, read-only memory (ROM, Read-Only Memory), random access memory (RAM, Random Access Memory), the various media that can store program code such as magnetic or disk.

It is described above; only a specific embodiment of the invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, and anyone skilled in the art is in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention; it can easily think of the change or the replacement, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be based on the protection scope of the described claims.

Claims (63)

  1. A kind of adapter, which is characterized in that the adapter includes:
    Power conversion unit, for rotating into capable conversion to the alternating current of input, to obtain the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter;
    Voltage feedback unit, the input terminal of the voltage feedback unit is connected with the power conversion unit, the voltage feedback unit is for detecting the output voltage of the adapter, to generate voltage feedback signal, whether the output voltage that the voltage feedback signal is used to indicate the adapter reaches the target voltage of setting;
    Current feedback unit, the input terminal of the current feedback unit is connected with the power conversion unit, the current feedback unit is for detecting the output electric current of the adapter, to generate current feedback signal, whether the output electric current that the current feedback signal is used to indicate the adapter reaches the target current of setting;
    Power adjustment unit, the input terminal of the power adjustment unit is connected with the output end of the output end of the voltage feedback unit and the current feedback unit, the output end of the power adjustment unit is connected with the power conversion unit, the power adjustment unit is for receiving the voltage feedback signal and the current feedback signal, and indicate that the output voltage of the adapter reaches the target voltage in the voltage feedback signal, or in the case that the current feedback signal indicates that the output electric current of the adapter reaches the target current, stablize the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter.
  2. Adapter as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the adapter further includes the first adjustment unit, and the first adjustment unit is connected with the voltage feedback unit, for adjusting the value of the target voltage.
  3. Adapter as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the voltage feedback unit includes:
    Voltage sampling unit, the input terminal of the voltage sampling unit are connected with the power conversion unit, sample for the output voltage to the adapter, obtain first voltage;
    Voltage comparison unit, the input terminal of the voltage comparison unit is connected with the output end of the voltage sampling unit, comparison result for the first voltage and the first reference voltage, and based on the first voltage and first reference voltage, generates the voltage feedback signal;
    The first adjustment unit is connected with the voltage comparison unit, provides first reference voltage for the voltage comparison unit, and by adjusting the value of first reference voltage, adjust the value of the target voltage.
  4. Adapter as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the first adjustment unit includes Control unit and the first digital analog converter DAC, the input terminal of first DAC is connected with described control unit, the output end of first DAC is connected with the voltage comparison unit, and described control unit adjusts the value of first reference voltage by the first DAC.
  5. Adapter as described in claim 3 or 4, it is characterized in that, the voltage comparison unit includes the first amplifier, the inverting input terminal of first amplifier of the voltage comparison unit is for receiving the first voltage, the non-inverting input terminal of first amplifier of the voltage comparison unit is for receiving first reference voltage, and the output end of the first amplifier of the voltage comparison unit is for generating the voltage feedback signal.
  6. Adapter as described in any one of claim 2-5, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the first charge mode and the second charge mode, the first adjustment unit first charge mode or second charge mode currently used based on the adapter to adjust the value of the target voltage.
  7. Such as adapter of any of claims 1-6, which is characterized in that the adapter further includes second adjustment unit, and the second adjustment unit is connected with the current feedback unit, for adjusting the current value of the target current.
  8. Adapter as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the current feedback unit includes:
    Current sampling unit, the input terminal of the current sampling unit are connected with the power conversion unit, sample for the output electric current to the adapter, obtain second voltage, and the second voltage is used to indicate the size of the output electric current of the adapter;
    Electric current comparing unit, the input terminal of the electric current comparing unit is connected with the output end of the current sampling unit, comparison result for the second voltage and the second reference voltage, and based on the second voltage and second reference voltage, generates the current feedback signal;
    The second adjustment unit is connected with the electric current comparing unit, provides second reference voltage for the electric current comparing unit, and by adjusting the voltage value of second reference voltage, adjust the current value of the target current.
  9. Adapter as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, the second adjustment unit includes control unit and the 2nd DAC, the input terminal of 2nd DAC is connected with described control unit, the output end of 2nd DAC is connected with the electric current comparing unit, and described control unit adjusts the voltage value of second reference voltage by the 2nd DAC.
  10. Adapter as claimed in claim 8 or 9, it is characterized in that, the electric current comparing unit includes the second amplifier, the inverting input terminal of second amplifier of the electric current comparing unit is for receiving the second voltage, the non-inverting input terminal of second amplifier of the electric current comparing unit is for receiving second reference voltage, and the output end of the second amplifier of the electric current comparing unit is for generating the current feedback signal.
  11. Adapter as described in any one of claim 8-10, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the first charge mode and the second charge mode, the second adjustment unit first charge mode or second charge mode currently used based on the adapter to adjust the current value of the target current.
  12. Such as adapter of any of claims 1-11, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the first charge mode, first charge mode is constant voltage mode, under the constant voltage mode, the target voltage is the corresponding voltage of the constant voltage mode, and the target current is the maximum current that the adapter allows to export under the constant voltage mode;
    The power adjustment unit is specifically used for according to the voltage feedback signal, the output voltage of the adapter is adjusted into voltage corresponding to the constant voltage mode, and when the current feedback signal indicate the adapter output electric current reach the adapter allow under the constant voltage mode export maximum current when, control the adapter output electric current be no more than the adapter allow under the constant voltage mode output maximum current.
  13. Adapter as claimed in claim 12, which is characterized in that the power conversion unit includes that the voltage of pulsating waveform is directly output to the transformer by primary rectifier unit, transformer, secondary rectifier unit and secondary filter unit, the primary rectifier unit.
  14. Adapter as claimed in claim 13, which is characterized in that the adapter allows the maximum current exported to be the capacity determination based on the capacitor in the secondary filter unit under the constant voltage mode.
  15. Adapter as described in any one of claim 1-14, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the second charge mode, second charge mode is constant current mode, under the constant current mode, the target voltage is the maximum voltage that the adapter allows to export under the constant current mode, and the target current is the corresponding electric current of the constant current mode;
    The power adjustment unit is specifically used for according to the current feedback signal, the output electric current of the adapter is adjusted into electric current corresponding to the constant current mode, and when the voltage feedback signal indicate the adapter output voltage reach the adapter allow under the constant current mode export maximum voltage when, control the adapter output voltage be no more than the adapter allow under the constant current mode export maximum voltage.
  16. Adapter as described in any one of claim 1-15, it is characterized in that, the voltage feedback unit includes the first amplifier, the output end of first amplifier of the voltage feedback unit is for exporting the voltage feedback signal, the current feedback unit includes the second amplifier, and the output end of the second amplifier of the current feedback unit is for exporting the current feedback signal;
    The power adjustment unit includes first diode, second diode, photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition and pulse width modulation (PWM) control unit, the output end of first amplifier of the voltage feedback unit is connected with the cathode of the first diode, the anode of the first diode is connected with the input terminal of the photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition, the output end of second amplifier of the current feedback unit is connected with the cathode of second diode, the anode of second diode is connected with the input terminal of the photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition, the output end of the photoelectric coupling unit for promoting inhibition is connected with the input terminal of the PWM control unit, the output end of the PWM control unit is connected with the power conversion unit.
  17. Adapter as described in any one of claim 1-16, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the first charge mode and the second charge mode, the adapter is faster than the adapter under first charge mode to the charging rate of the charging equipment to the charging rate of charging equipment under second charge mode, the adapter includes control unit, during the adapter is connect with charging equipment, described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to control the output of the adapter under second charge mode.
  18. Adapter as claimed in claim 17, which is characterized in that described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to control the process of the output of the adapter under second charge mode, comprising:
    Described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to negotiate the charge mode between the adapter and the charging equipment.
  19. Adapter as claimed in claim 18, which is characterized in that described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to negotiate the charge mode between the adapter and the charging equipment, comprising:
    Described control unit sends the first instruction to the charging equipment, and first instruction is for inquiring whether the charging equipment opens second charge mode;
    Described control unit receives the replying instruction for first instruction that the charging equipment is sent, and the replying instruction of first instruction is used to indicate whether the charging equipment is agreed to open second charge mode;
    In the case where the charging equipment is agreed to open second charge mode, described control unit is charging equipment charging using second charge mode.
  20. Adapter as described in any one of claim 17-19, which is characterized in that described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to control the process of the output of the adapter under second charge mode, comprising:
    Described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to determine the charging voltage for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode;
    Described control unit is adjusted the voltage value of the target voltage, the charging voltage for charging to the charging equipment for the adapter output for being equal to the voltage value of the target voltage under second charge mode.
  21. Adapter as claimed in claim 20, it is characterized in that, described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to determine the charging voltage for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode, comprising:
    Described control unit sends the second instruction to the charging equipment, and second instruction is for inquiring whether the output voltage of the adapter matches with the current voltage of the battery of the charging equipment;
    Described control unit receives the replying instruction for second instruction that the charging equipment is sent, and the output voltage that the replying instruction of second instruction is used to indicate the adapter matches with the current voltage of the battery, is higher or relatively low.
  22. Adapter as described in any one of claim 17-21, which is characterized in that described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to control the process of the output of the adapter under second charge mode, comprising:
    Described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to determine the charging current for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode;
    Described control unit is adjusted the current value of the target current, the charging current for charging to the charging equipment for the adapter output for being equal to the current value of the target current under second charge mode.
  23. Adapter as claimed in claim 22, it is characterized in that, described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to determine the charging current for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode, comprising:
    Described control unit sends third instruction to the charging equipment, and the third instructs the maximum charging current currently supported for inquiring the charging equipment;
    Described control unit receives the replying instruction for the third instruction that the charging equipment is sent, and the replying instruction of the third instruction is used to indicate the maximum charging current that the charging equipment is currently supported;
    The maximum charging current that described control unit is currently supported according to the charging equipment determines the charging current for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode.
  24. Adapter as described in any one of claim 17-23, which is characterized in that described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to control the process of the output of the adapter under second charge mode, comprising:
    During being charged using second charge mode, described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to adjust the output electric current of the adapter.
  25. Adapter as claimed in claim 24, which is characterized in that described control unit and the charging equipment carry out two-way communication, to adjust the output electric current of the adapter, comprising:
    The 4th instruction that described control unit is sent to the charging equipment, the described 4th instructs the current voltage for inquiring the battery of the charging equipment;
    Described control unit receives the replying instruction for the 4th instruction that the adapter is sent, and the replying instruction of the 4th instruction is used to indicate the current voltage of the battery;
    Described control unit adjusts the output electric current of the adapter according to the current voltage of the battery.
  26. Adapter as described in any one of claim 17-25, which is characterized in that the adapter includes charging interface, and described control unit carries out two-way communication with the charging equipment by the data line in the charging interface.
  27. Adapter as described in any one of claim 1-26, which is characterized in that the adapter supports that the second charge mode, second charge mode are constant current mode, and under second charge mode, the output electric current of the adapter is Rectified alternating current.
  28. Adapter as claimed in claim 27, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the first charge mode, first charge mode is constant voltage mode, and the power conversion unit includes secondary filter unit, and the adapter includes control unit, described control unit is connected with the secondary filter unit, under first charge mode, the described control unit control secondary filter unit work, so that the voltage value constant of the output voltage of the adapter;Under second charge mode, the described control unit control secondary filter unit stops working, so that the output electric current of the adapter is Rectified alternating current.
  29. Adapter as described in any one of claim 1-28, which is characterized in that the adapter supports the second charge mode, and under second charge mode, the output electric current of the adapter is alternating current.
  30. Adapter as described in any one of claim 1-29, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the second charge mode, under second charge mode, the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter are loaded directly at the both ends of the battery of the charging equipment, are directly filled for the battery.
  31. Adapter as described in any one of claim 1-30, which is characterized in that the adapter is used to the adapter of mobile charging equipment charging.
  32. Adapter as described in any one of claim 1-31, which is characterized in that the adapter includes the control unit for being controlled charging process, and described control unit is micro-control unit MCU.
  33. Adapter as described in any one of claim 1-32, which is characterized in that the adapter includes charging interface, and the charging interface is general-purpose serial bus USB interface.
  34. A kind of charge control method, which is characterized in that the method is applied to adapter, which comprises
    Capable conversion is rotated into the alternating current of input, to obtain the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter;
    The output voltage of the adapter is detected, to generate voltage feedback signal, whether the output voltage that the voltage feedback signal is used to indicate the adapter reaches the target voltage of setting;
    The output electric current of the adapter is detected, to generate current feedback signal, whether the output electric current that the current feedback signal is used to indicate the adapter reaches the target current of setting;
    Indicate that the output voltage of the adapter reaches the target voltage in the voltage feedback signal, or in the case that the current feedback signal indicates that the output electric current of the adapter reaches the target current, stablize the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter.
  35. Charge control method as claimed in claim 34, which is characterized in that the method also includes:
    Adjust the value of the target voltage.
  36. Charge control method as claimed in claim 35, which is characterized in that the output voltage to the adapter detects, to generate voltage feedback signal, comprising:
    The output voltage of the adapter is sampled, first voltage is obtained;
    Compare the first voltage and the first reference voltage;
    Comparison result based on the first voltage and first reference voltage, generates the voltage feedback signal;
    The value of the adjustment target voltage, comprising:
    By adjusting the value of first reference voltage, the value of the target voltage is adjusted.
  37. Charge control method as claimed in claim 36, the value of first reference voltage are adjusted based on the first digital analog converter DAC.
  38. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 35-37, which is characterized in that the adapter supports the first charge mode and the second charge mode,
    The value of the adjustment target voltage, comprising:
    Based on the adapter currently used the first charge mode or the second charge mode, the value of the target voltage is adjusted.
  39. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 34-38, which is characterized in that the method also includes:
    Adjust the current value of the target current.
  40. Charge control method as claimed in claim 39, which is characterized in that the output electric current to the adapter detects, to generate current feedback signal, comprising:
    The output electric current of the adapter is sampled, second voltage is obtained, the second voltage is used to indicate the size of the output electric current of the adapter;
    Compare the second voltage and the second reference voltage;
    Comparison result based on the second voltage and second reference voltage, generates the current feedback signal;
    The current value of the adjustment target current, comprising:
    By adjusting the voltage value of second reference voltage, the current value of the target current is adjusted.
  41. Charge control method as claimed in claim 40, the value of second reference voltage are adjusted based on the second digital analog converter DAC.
  42. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 39-41, which is characterized in that the adapter supports the first charge mode and the second charge mode,
    The current value of the adjustment target current, comprising:
    Based on the adapter currently used the first charge mode or the second charge mode, the current value of the target current is adjusted.
  43. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 34-42, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the first charge mode, first charge mode is constant voltage mode, under the constant voltage mode, the target voltage is the corresponding voltage of the constant voltage mode, and the target current is the maximum current that the adapter allows to export under the constant voltage mode
    The method also includes:
    According to the voltage feedback signal, the output voltage of the adapter is adjusted into voltage corresponding to the constant voltage mode;
    It is described to indicate that the output voltage of the adapter reaches the target voltage in the voltage feedback signal, or in the case that the current feedback signal indicates that the output electric current of the adapter reaches the target current, stablize the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter, comprising:
    When the current feedback signal indicate the adapter output electric current reach the adapter allow under the constant voltage mode export maximum current when, control the adapter output electric current be no more than the adapter allow under the constant voltage mode output maximum current.
  44. Charge control method as claimed in claim 43, which is characterized in that the adapter includes that the voltage of pulsating waveform is directly output to the transformer by primary rectifier unit, transformer, secondary rectifier unit and secondary filter unit, the primary rectifier unit.
  45. Charge control method as claimed in claim 44, which is characterized in that the adapter allows the maximum current exported to be the capacity determination based on the capacitor in the secondary filter unit under the constant voltage mode.
  46. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 34-45, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the second charge mode, second charge mode is constant current mode, under the constant current mode, the target voltage is the maximum voltage that the adapter allows to export under the constant current mode, and the target current is the corresponding electric current of the constant current mode;
    The method also includes:
    According to the current feedback signal, the output electric current of the adapter is adjusted into electric current corresponding to the constant current mode;
    It is described to indicate that the output voltage of the adapter reaches the target voltage in the voltage feedback signal, or in the case that the current feedback signal indicates that the output electric current of the adapter reaches the target current, stablize the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter, comprising:
    When the voltage feedback signal indicate the adapter output voltage reach the adapter allow under the constant current mode export maximum voltage when, control the adapter output voltage be no more than the adapter allow under the constant current mode export maximum voltage.
  47. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 34-46, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the first charge mode and the second charge mode, the adapter is faster than the adapter under first charge mode to the charging rate of the charging equipment to the charging rate of charging equipment under second charge mode
    The method also includes:
    During the adapter is connect with charging equipment, carried out with the charging equipment two-way Communication, to control the output of the adapter under second charge mode.
  48. Charge control method as claimed in claim 47, which is characterized in that it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to control the process of the output of the adapter under second charge mode, comprising:
    Two-way communication is carried out with the charging equipment, to negotiate the charge mode between the adapter and the charging equipment.
  49. Charge control method as claimed in claim 48, which is characterized in that it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to negotiate the charge mode between the adapter and the charging equipment, comprising:
    The first instruction is sent to the charging equipment, first instruction is for inquiring whether the charging equipment opens second charge mode;
    The replying instruction for first instruction that the charging equipment is sent is received, the replying instruction of first instruction is used to indicate whether the charging equipment is agreed to open second charge mode;
    It the use of second charge mode is charging equipment charging in the case where the charging equipment is agreed to open second charge mode.
  50. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 47-49, which is characterized in that it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to control the process of the output of the adapter under second charge mode, comprising:
    Two-way communication is carried out with the charging equipment, to determine the charging voltage for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode;
    The voltage value of the target voltage is adjusted, the charging voltage for charging to the charging equipment for the adapter output for being equal to the voltage value of the target voltage under second charge mode.
  51. Charge control method as claimed in claim 50, it is characterized in that, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to determine the charging voltage for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode, comprising:
    The second instruction is sent to the charging equipment, second instruction is for inquiring whether the output voltage of the adapter matches with the current voltage of the battery of the charging equipment;
    The replying instruction for second instruction that the charging equipment is sent is received, the output voltage that the replying instruction of second instruction is used to indicate the adapter matches with the current voltage of the battery, is higher or relatively low.
  52. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 47-51, which is characterized in that it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to control the process of the output of the adapter under second charge mode, comprising:
    Two-way communication is carried out with the charging equipment, to determine the charging current for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode;
    The current value of the target current is adjusted, the charging current for charging to the charging equipment for the adapter output for being equal to the current value of the target current under second charge mode.
  53. Charge control method as claimed in claim 52, it is characterized in that, it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to determine the charging current for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode, comprising:
    Third instruction is sent to the charging equipment, the third instructs the maximum charging current currently supported for inquiring the charging equipment;
    The replying instruction for the third instruction that the charging equipment is sent is received, the replying instruction of the third instruction is used to indicate the maximum charging current that the charging equipment is currently supported;
    The maximum charging current currently supported according to the charging equipment determines the charging current for charging to the charging equipment of the adapter output under second charge mode.
  54. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 47-53, which is characterized in that it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to control the process of the output of the adapter under second charge mode, comprising:
    During charging using second charge mode, two-way communication is carried out with the charging equipment, to adjust the output electric current of the adapter.
  55. Charge control method as claimed in claim 54, which is characterized in that it is described to carry out two-way communication with the charging equipment, to adjust the output electric current of the adapter, comprising:
    The 4th instruction sent to the charging equipment, the described 4th instructs the current voltage for inquiring the battery of the charging equipment;
    The replying instruction for the 4th instruction that the adapter is sent is received, the replying instruction of the 4th instruction is used to indicate the current voltage of the battery;
    According to the current voltage of the battery, the output electric current of the adapter is adjusted.
  56. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 47-55, which is characterized in that the adapter includes charging interface, the adapter by data line in the charging interface and it is described to Charging equipment carries out two-way communication.
  57. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 34-56, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports that the second charge mode, second charge mode are constant current mode, and under second charge mode, the output electric current of the adapter is Rectified alternating current.
  58. Charge control method as claimed in claim 57, which is characterized in that the adapter supports that the first charge mode, first charge mode are constant voltage mode, and the adapter includes secondary filter unit, the method also includes:
    Under first charge mode, the secondary filter unit work is controlled, so that the voltage value constant of the output voltage of the adapter;
    Under second charge mode, controls the secondary filter unit and stop working, so that the output electric current of the adapter is Rectified alternating current.
  59. Charge control method as described in claim 34-58, which is characterized in that the adapter supports that the second charge mode, second charge mode are constant current mode, and under second charge mode, the output electric current of the adapter is alternating current.
  60. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 34-59, it is characterized in that, the adapter supports the second charge mode, under second charge mode, the output voltage and output electric current of the adapter are loaded directly at the both ends of the battery of the charging equipment, are directly filled for the battery.
  61. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 34-60, which is characterized in that the adapter is used to the adapter of mobile charging equipment charging.
  62. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 34-61, which is characterized in that the adapter includes the control unit for being controlled charging process, and described control unit is micro-control unit MCU.
  63. Charge control method as described in any one of claim 34-62, which is characterized in that the adapter includes charging interface, and the charging interface is general-purpose serial bus USB interface.
CN201780001158.2A 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 Adapter and charge control method CN107836066A (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNPCT/CN2016/073679 2016-02-05
PCT/CN2016/073679 WO2017133001A1 (en) 2016-02-05 2016-02-05 Charging method, adapter, and mobile terminal
CN201610600612 2016-07-26
CN2016106006123 2016-07-26
PCT/CN2017/070528 WO2017133388A1 (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 Adaptor and charging control method

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN107836066A true CN107836066A (en) 2018-03-23

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CN201720022432.1U CN206490598U (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 Charging system and power supply adaptor for terminal
CN201780002632.3A CN108141058A (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 Adapter and charge control method
CN201780001264.0A CN107735922A (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 Adapter and charge control method
CN201780003822.7A CN108450037B (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 For the charging system of terminal, charging method and power supply adaptor
CN201780001158.2A CN107836066A (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 Adapter and charge control method

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CN201720022432.1U CN206490598U (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 Charging system and power supply adaptor for terminal
CN201780002632.3A CN108141058A (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 Adapter and charge control method
CN201780001264.0A CN107735922A (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 Adapter and charge control method
CN201780003822.7A CN108450037B (en) 2016-02-05 2017-01-07 For the charging system of terminal, charging method and power supply adaptor

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