CN103650868A - Savia miltiorrhiza planting method - Google Patents

Savia miltiorrhiza planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103650868A
CN103650868A CN201310658910.4A CN201310658910A CN103650868A CN 103650868 A CN103650868 A CN 103650868A CN 201310658910 A CN201310658910 A CN 201310658910A CN 103650868 A CN103650868 A CN 103650868A
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China
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root
plantation
red sage
seed
sage root
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CN201310658910.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王文渊
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贵州信邦制药股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201310658910.4A priority Critical patent/CN103650868A/en
Publication of CN103650868A publication Critical patent/CN103650868A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a savia miltiorrhiza planting method which comprises the steps of (1) breeding material culture, (2) planting, (3) field management and (4) harvest. In the step (1), savia miltiorrhiza seeds are grown to obtain seedlings or savia miltiorrhiza seminal roots are directly used as seed sources, wherein the following steps of a. seedbed preparation, b. sowing, c. seedbed management and d. transplanting are executed for growing the savia miltiorrhiza seeds to obtain the seedlings. The step (2) comprises land selection, land preparation and planting, wherein planting can be carried out either in a seedling planting mode or in a root division planting mode. The step (3) comprises intertillage weeding, after-manuring, topping and irrigation and drainage. The step (4) comprises seed collection and crude medicine collection, wherein seed collection comprises collection of seeds and seminal roots. By the adoption of the breeding material culture conditions, the grown seedlings are healthy, strong, rich in nutrient substance and good in growing state, and the yield of savia miltiorrhiza crude medicine and savia miltiorrhiza seminal roots can be increased substantially when the grown seedlings are used or savia miltiorrhiza planting.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of the red sage root
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods of the red sage root, belong to medicinal material planting technology field.
Background technology
The red sage root, has another name called: red ginseng; Radix salviae miltiorrhizae; Red etc. is dicotyledon Labiatae, and dry root and rhizome, is a kind of important medicinal material in Chinese medicine treasure-house, main product in Anhui, the ground such as Henan, Shaanxi.The effect with the thoughts of returning home, Liver Channel, cures mainly stasis-dispelling and pain-killing, promoting blood circulation for regulating menstruation, lowering blood-fat and reducing weight, the diseases such as relieving restlessness clear away heart-fire.At present, the output of the red sage root is mainly derived from wild, and along with the development of Chinese medicinal material industry, the demand of the red sage root increases day by day, and the wild red sage root can not be met the need of market, and in addition, due to the wild red sage root immoderate excavating year after year, red sage root stock number is endangered.And the effective way overcoming the above problems is carried out artificial planting exactly.
Application number is in 201210190622.6 patent application, to disclose a kind of implantation methods of red sage root new varieties, but this culture technique does not limit the size as the red sage root kind root of provenance, and less red sage root kind root emergence rate is lower, causes red sage root output lower; Not only cost is high for larger red sage root kind root, and in when plantation to the having relatively high expectations of soil condition, thereby and be not suitable for large-scale ectogenesis material; In addition, according to the rearing condition in this culture technique, cultivate, manage, transplant, the growth conditions of seedling is general, cannot be basic for the seedling that red sage root establishing in large scale provides, and finally cause the output of red rooted salvia also lower.Application number is the selection that 201210190686.6 patent application also discloses a kind of red sage root new varieties, it adopts mode maternal and that male parent is hybridized to cultivate, not only method is complicated, performance difficulty, with high costs, and the condition of seedling-cultivating method is rigorous not in this application, cultivates, manages, transplants according to its disclosed rearing condition, finally also cannot obtain red rooted salvia and the salvia seeds of high yield.Therefore seek low cost, high yield and standardized planting technology that can implant mass and remain current urgent problem.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, a kind of implantation methods of the red sage root is provided, it can effectively solve problems of the prior art, especially according to the disclosed rearing condition of prior art, cultivate, manage, transplant, the growth conditions of seedling is general, cannot be basic for the seedling that red sage root establishing in large scale provides, finally cause the lower problem of output of red rooted salvia.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: a kind of implantation methods of the red sage root, comprises that step (1) propagating materials is cultivated, (2) cultivation, (3) field management and (4) gather;
Described step (1) is for to grow seedlings or directly to using red sage root kind root as provenance salvia seeds;
Described grows seedlings and comprises the following steps salvia seeds:
Prepare in a, seedbed: select fertile fine sand loam as seedbed, fertilising, turns over, and rake is leveling carefully, bedding;
B, sowing: seed broadcasting, on seedbed, is dragged and swept, and enrobe preserves soil moisture, is incubated, shelters from heat or light, the enough moisture of watering is thrown off covering while growing 2 blades;
C, seedbed management: when after emerging, seedling grows to 4~5 leaves, in conjunction with watering, topdress once;
D, transplanting: the red sage root was emerged growth after 75 days, carries out winter cultivation or in late March to mid-April, carry out spring cultivation mid-November to early December;
Described step (2) comprises selection of land and whole ground and plantation, and plantation is divided into seedling plantation, two kinds of modes of root division plantation; Described step (3) comprises intertill and clean tillage, topdresses, pinches and irrigation and drainage;
Described step (4) comprises collects seed and the material of gathering medicinal herbs, and seed collecting comprises gathers seed and adopts the root of reserving seed for planting.
Concrete, described grows seedlings and comprises the following steps salvia seeds:
Prepare in a, seedbed: select fertile fine sand loam as seedbed, every mu of farmyard manure 1000Kg that executes to become thoroughly decomposed, turns over more than 20cm, and rake is leveling carefully, removes stone, bedding, and the wide 1.2m of every furrow, stays and establishes drain ditch;
B, sowing: every mu of sowing quantity 5Kg, after being mixed thoroughly, broadcasts sowing on seedbed the dry fine earth of seed and 2 times of weight, and with large broom or wooden rake, drag and sweep, enrobe preserves soil moisture, is incubated, shelters from heat or light, the enough moisture of watering on covering; While growing seedlings, with plastic film, do bow canopy after autumn, when growing 2 blades, throw off covering;
C, seedbed management: when seedling grows to 4~5 leaves after emerging, adopt pouring, sprinkling irrigation or drip irrigation to topdress once in conjunction with watering, every mu with urea 4Kg or the farmyard manure liquid 250Kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and is diluted to 2000Kg;
D, transplanting: the red sage root was emerged growth after 75 days, carried out winter cultivation mid-November to early December.
While sowing, the dry fine earth seed dressing of the seed of handling well and 2 times of left and right is broadcasted sowing on seedbed in time, with large broom or wooden rake, drag and sweep gently, thereby can make seed broadcasting more even, fully contact with soil, more easily emerge.
The suitable temperature of emerging of the red sage root is 25~30, the general 27 degree left and right of ℃ Summer Over Gui Zhou Province temperature, and suitable emerging, but need to guarantee moisture; Winter, nursery temperature was on the low side, need to be with film thermal insulating in order to emerging.
In the implantation methods of the aforesaid red sage root, described step (2) comprising:
Selection of land and whole ground: selection soil layer is deep, loosing soil is fertile, physical features is higher, well-drained sandy loam plot, and the basal dressing of turning over, turns over once during plantation again; Bedding or ridge, the surrounding ditch that begins to rehearse;
Plantation: adopt seedling plantation or root division plantation; Before seedling plantation, by seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm, dig nest or trench digging, ditch depth or nest stretch as degree with shoot root length deeply, and earthing covers reed head completely; During root division plantation, by seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm, dig nest or trench digging, plant undercut section, greatly head-up, first cover burnt dust-ashes, then cover fine earth, use plastic mulching.
Preferably, described step (2) specifically comprises:
Selection of land and whole ground: selection soil layer is deep, loosing soil is fertile, physical features is higher, well-drained sandy loam plot, earth's surface is cleaned out, the fertilizer 200Kg that every mu of use is become thoroughly decomposed and superphosphate 50Kg or calcium dihydrogen phosphate 10Kg mix and evenly apply, plough under in soil and make base manure, more than ploughing deeply soil 35cm; During plantation, turn over again once, wholely carefully rake; Do the wide high furrow of 1.2m or the wide ridge of 0.5m, the height on furrow or ridge is 20~30cm, the surrounding ditch that begins to rehearse;
Plantation: adopt seedling plantation or root division plantation; Before seedling plantation, centered by reed head, lower end retains 8~10cm, and upper end retains 5~7 leaves, all the other are all clipped, and by seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm, dig nest or trench digging, and ditch depth or nest stretch as degree with shoot root length deeply, earthing covers reed head completely, prevents flood irrigation while watering normal root water; Root division when plantation, by seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm, dig nest or trench digging, the dark or ditch depth of nest is 5~7cm, kind undercut becomes the segment of 5~7cm, greatly head-up, first cover burnt dust-ashes, then cover fine earth 2~3cm, with plastic mulching, after emerging, seedling is put in punching, throws off mulch film when ground temperature rises to 18 ℃.
In aforesaid implantation methods, described step (3) comprising:
Intertill and clean tillage: intertill and clean tillage 3 times, carried out respectively at April, early June and late August;
Topdress: in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, carry out 3 times, the applications of farmyard manure liquid that becomes thoroughly decomposed coordinates nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer, while topdressing, dig nest or at trench digging in the ranks, fertilizer applies rear timely blinding plant is other;
Pinch: late April, to May, is extractd salvia miltiorrhiza flower tongue by stages and in groups;
Irrigation and drainage: dredging drain ditch, be strictly on guard against that ponding becomes waterlogging.
Preferred step (3) comprising:
Intertill and clean tillage: intertill and clean tillage 3 times, seedling in April carries out once during high 7~12cm, with hand-lifting, cuts weeds, and early June and late August carry out once respectively, adopt loosening soil, weeding;
Topdress: in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, carry out 3 times, every mu applies by become thoroughly decomposed dilution that liquid is diluted to 2000Kg of 250Kg farmyard manure and coordinates the nitrogenous fertilizer of 5Kg for the first time; Every mu applies 30Kg composite fertilizer for the second time, if need to gather seed, coordinates the potash fertilizer that applies 10Kg; Every mu applies the farmyard manure liquid 20Kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed for the third time; While topdressing, on plant side, dig nest or in the ranks ditching, fertilizer applies rear timely blinding;
Pinch: late April, to full heading time in May, is extractd when flower tongue is extracted 2cm out, within every 5~10 days, plucks and cuts once;
Irrigation and drainage: dredging drain ditch, be strictly on guard against that ponding becomes waterlogging.
Preferably, the seed collection in described step (4) carries out at the beginning of by the end of May to 6 month: after inflorescence is cut, be exposed to the sun in time, get seed, and air-dry clean, shines and can pack after 1~3 day, storage.
The root of reserving seed for planting of adopting in described step (4) is: excavate the February at late October to mid-November or Second Year, choose stalwartness, without the many red rooted salvia of damage by disease and insect, supporting root as kind of a root.Preferably choose diameter and be the red rooted salvia of 0.7~1cm as kind of a root.
The material of gathering medicinal herbs in described step (4) is: in late November overground part start withered or germinate spring in next year before excavate, the red sage root digging out cuts off cane, coring, trembles most silt, removes reed head, dries; Whole recovery process can not get wet.
Compared with prior art, by adopting propagating materials breeding condition of the present invention, thereby the seedling of cultivating is healthy and strong, and nutriment is abundant, and growth conditions is good, with it, carries out red sage root plantation, can significantly improve the output of red rooted salvia and salvia seeds.According to statistics, adopt after the present invention, the per mu yield dry weight of the plantation red sage root can reach 600kg/ mu, improved 40%-70%, thereby red sage root implantation methods of the present invention is suitable for large-scale plantation with respect to existing red sage root plantation per mu yield.Inventor does not yet do and anyly requires this situation to test the size of red sage root kind root according to only mu plantation amount being limited in prior art, and result shows: the per mu yield of the red sage root is only 350kg.In addition, the red sage root that adopts the present invention's plantation to obtain, the content of tanshinone IIA is more than 0.7%, the content of tanshin polyphenolic acid B is more than 7.0%, the content of danshensu is more than 0.3%, not only meet in pharmacopeia the requirement about the content of tanshinone IIA, tanshin polyphenolic acid B and danshensu, and the red sage root obtaining with respect to existing red sage root implantation methods, the content of its active ingredient has improved.In addition, the fertilizer 200Kg that condition in the present invention is become thoroughly decomposed as every mu of use and superphosphate 50Kg or calcium dihydrogen phosphate 10Kg mix and evenly apply, plough under in soil and make base manure, plough deeply soil 35cm above, do the wide high furrow of 1.2m or the wide ridge of 0.5m, the height on furrow or ridge is 20~30cm; Seedling plantation is front centered by reed head, seedling lower end is retained to 8~10cm, and upper end retains 5~7 leaves, by seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm, digs nest or trench digging, nest deeply or ditch depth is 5~7cm, plant undercut and become 5~7cm, greatly head-up, first cover burnt dust-ashes, then cover fine earth 2~3cm, with plastic mulching, when ground temperature rises to 18 ℃, throw off the conditions such as mulch film technical scheme of the present invention is further optimized, thereby can further improve the output of the red sage root, reduce planting cost.Simultaneously, inventor changes after planting conditions, also carried out experimental study, the base manure adding such as when plantation is: every mu of farmyard manure 1000Kg that executes to become thoroughly decomposed makes base manure or every mu of sealing fertilizer 20Kg makes base manure, the Salvia miltiorrhiza Growth of plantation is slow, short and small thin and weak, and root system development is bad, delay of maturation, yield poorly down, quality is also general.If throw off immediately covering after emerging, red sage root stem eye is inadequate owing to being incubated, poor growth, and output is lower then.In addition,, when the red sage root is planted, late April, to May, except plant left to run to seed, is extractd flower tongue when flower tongue is extracted 2cm out, within every 5~10 days, pluck and cut once; In order to nutriment, concentrate on root growth, this is the important measures of red sage root volume increase; If do not reserved seed for planting, after red sage root turk, can effectively improve output 20 percent left and right.Finally, the red sage root kind root that the present invention is 0.7~1cm by employing diameter, as provenance, adopts propagating materials breeding condition of the present invention to grow seedlings to salvia seeds, not only can guarantee the emergence rate of the red sage root, and lower to the requirement in soil, saved cost, improved output.Red sage root implantation methods of the present invention is particluarly suitable for the moistening area of southern climates and plants.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention 1: a kind of implantation methods of the red sage root, comprises that step (1) propagating materials is cultivated, (2) cultivation, (3) field management and (4) gather;
Described step (1), for salvia seeds is grown seedlings, specifically comprises the following steps:
Prepare in a, seedbed: select fertile fine sand loam as seedbed, every mu of farmyard manure 1000Kg that executes to become thoroughly decomposed, turns over more than 20cm, and rake is leveling carefully, removes stone, bedding, and the wide 1.2m of every furrow, stays and establishes drain ditch;
B, sowing: every mu of sowing quantity 5Kg, after being mixed thoroughly, broadcasts sowing on seedbed the dry fine earth of seed and 2 times of weight, and with large broom, drag and sweep, enrobe preserves soil moisture, is incubated, shelters from heat or light, the enough moisture of watering on covering; While growing seedlings, with plastic film, do bow canopy after autumn, when growing 2 blades, throw off covering;
C, seedbed management: when seedling grows to 4~5 leaves after emerging, in conjunction with watering, adopt pouring mode to topdress once, use urea 4Kg, be diluted to 2000Kg for every mu;
D, transplanting: the red sage root was emerged growth after 75 days, carried out winter cultivation mid-November to early December.
Described step (2) specifically comprises:
Selection of land and whole ground: selection soil layer is deep, loosing soil is fertile, physical features is higher, well-drained sandy loam plot, earth's surface is cleaned out, fertilizer 200Kg and superphosphate 50Kg that every mu of use is become thoroughly decomposed mix and evenly apply, and plough under in soil and make base manure, more than ploughing deeply soil 35cm; During plantation, turn over again once, wholely carefully rake; Make the wide high furrow of 1.2m, the height of furrow is 20~30cm, the surrounding ditch that begins to rehearse;
Plantation: adopt seedling plantation, before seedling plantation,, centered by reed head, lower end retains 8~10cm, upper end retains 5~7 leaves, and all the other are all clipped, and by seeding row spacing, 25 * 30cm digs nest, nest stretches as degree with shoot root length deeply, and earthing covers reed head completely, prevents flood irrigation while watering normal root water.
Described step (3) comprising:
Intertill and clean tillage: intertill and clean tillage 3 times, seedling in April carries out once during high 7~12cm, with hand-lifting, cuts weeds, and early June and late August carry out once respectively, adopt loosening soil, weeding;
Topdress: in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, carry out 3 times, every mu applies by become thoroughly decomposed dilution that liquid is diluted to 2000Kg of 250Kg farmyard manure and coordinates the nitrogenous fertilizer of 5Kg for the first time; Every mu applies 30Kg composite fertilizer for the second time, and coordinates the potash fertilizer that applies 10Kg; Every mu applies the farmyard manure liquid 20Kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed for the third time; While topdressing, on plant side, dig nest, fertilizer applies rear timely blinding;
Pinch: late April, to full heading time in May, is extractd when flower tongue is extracted 2cm out, within every 5~10 days, plucks and cuts once;
Irrigation and drainage: dredging drain ditch, be strictly on guard against that ponding becomes waterlogging.
Described step (4) comprises collects seed and the material of gathering medicinal herbs, and seed collecting comprises gathers seed and adopts the root of reserving seed for planting; Concrete, the described seed of gathering carries out at the beginning of by the end of May to 6 month: after inflorescence is cut, be exposed to the sun in time, get seed, and air-dry clean, shines and can pack after 1~3 day, storage; Adopting the root of reserving seed for planting is: in late October to mid-November, excavate, choose stalwartness, without the many red rooted salvia of damage by disease and insect, supporting root as kind of a root; The described material of gathering medicinal herbs was excavated when overground part starts to wither in late November, and the red sage root digging out cuts off cane, coring, trembles most silt, removes reed head, dries; Whole recovery process can not get wet.
Transplanting described in the steps d of this embodiment, can be also: the red sage root was emerged growth after 75 days, carried out spring cultivation in late March to mid-April.
Seedbed management described in the step c of this embodiment, can be also: when seedling grows to 4~5 leaves after emerging, adopt sprinkling irrigation or drip irrigation to topdress once in conjunction with watering, every mu with the farmyard manure liquid 250Kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and is diluted to 2000Kg.
Embodiment 2: a kind of implantation methods of the red sage root, comprises that step (1) propagating materials is cultivated, (2) cultivation, (3) field management and (4) gather;
Described step (1) is for directly adopting red sage root kind root that diameter is 0.7~1cm as provenance;
Described step (2) specifically comprises:
Selection of land and whole ground: selection soil layer is deep, loosing soil is fertile, physical features is higher, well-drained sandy loam plot, earth's surface is cleaned out, fertilizer 200Kg and calcium dihydrogen phosphate 10Kg that every mu of use is become thoroughly decomposed mix and evenly apply, and plough under in soil and make base manure, more than ploughing deeply soil 35cm; During plantation, turn over again once, wholely carefully rake; Do the wide ridge of 0.5m, the height on ridge is 20~30cm, the surrounding ditch that begins to rehearse;
Plantation: adopt root division plantation in 3~April, during root division plantation, press seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm trench digging, ditch depth is 5~7cm, plants the segment that undercut becomes 5~7cm, greatly head-up, first cover burnt dust-ashes, then cover fine earth 2~3cm, with plastic mulching, after emerging, seedling is put in punching, throws off mulch film when ground temperature rises to 18 ℃.
Described step (3) comprising:
Intertill and clean tillage: intertill and clean tillage 3 times, seedling in April carries out once during high 7~12cm, with hand-lifting, cuts weeds, and early June and late August carry out once respectively, adopt loosening soil, weeding;
Topdress: in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, carry out 3 times, every mu applies by become thoroughly decomposed dilution that liquid is diluted to 2000Kg of 250Kg farmyard manure and coordinates the nitrogenous fertilizer of 5Kg for the first time; Every mu applies 30Kg composite fertilizer for the second time; Every mu applies the farmyard manure liquid 20Kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed for the third time; While topdressing, in the ranks ditching, fertilizer applies rear timely blinding;
Pinch: late April, to full heading time in May, is extractd when flower tongue is extracted 2cm out, within every 5~10 days, plucks and cuts once;
Irrigation and drainage: dredging drain ditch, be strictly on guard against that ponding becomes waterlogging.
Described step (4) comprises collects seed and the material of gathering medicinal herbs, and seed collecting comprises adopts the root of reserving seed for planting; Concrete, described the adopting root of reserving seed for planting is: excavate the February at Second Year, choose stalwartness, without damage by disease and insect, supporting root red rooted salvias many, that preferably diameter is 0.7~1cm as kind of a root; Before the described material of gathering medicinal herbs germinateed spring in next year, excavate, the red sage root digging out cuts off cane, coring, trembles most silt, removes reed head, dries; Whole recovery process can not get wet.

Claims (10)

1. an implantation methods for the red sage root, is characterized in that: comprise that step (1) propagating materials is cultivated, (2) cultivation, (3) field management and (4) gather;
Described step (1) is for to grow seedlings or directly to using red sage root kind root as provenance salvia seeds;
Described grows seedlings and comprises the following steps salvia seeds:
Prepare in a, seedbed: select fertile fine sand loam as seedbed, fertilising, turns over, and rake is leveling carefully, bedding;
B, sowing: seed broadcasting, on seedbed, is dragged and swept, and enrobe preserves soil moisture, is incubated, shelters from heat or light, the enough moisture of watering is thrown off covering while growing 2 blades;
C, seedbed management: when after emerging, seedling grows to 4~5 leaves, in conjunction with watering, topdress once;
D, transplanting: the red sage root was emerged growth after 75 days, carries out winter cultivation or in late March to mid-April, carry out spring cultivation mid-November to early December;
Described step (2) comprises selection of land and whole ground and plantation, and plantation is divided into seedling plantation, two kinds of modes of root division plantation; Described step (3) comprises intertill and clean tillage, topdresses, pinches and irrigation and drainage;
Described step (4) comprises collects seed and the material of gathering medicinal herbs, and seed collecting comprises gathers seed and adopts the root of reserving seed for planting.
2. the implantation methods of the red sage root according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described grows seedlings and comprise the following steps salvia seeds:
Prepare in a, seedbed: select fertile fine sand loam as seedbed, every mu of farmyard manure 1000Kg that executes to become thoroughly decomposed, turns over more than 20cm, and rake is leveling carefully, removes stone, bedding, and the wide 1.2m of every furrow, stays and establishes drain ditch;
B, sowing: every mu of sowing quantity 5Kg, after being mixed thoroughly, broadcasts sowing on seedbed the dry fine earth of seed and 2 times of weight, and with large broom or wooden rake, drag and sweep, enrobe preserves soil moisture, is incubated, shelters from heat or light, the enough moisture of watering on covering; While growing seedlings, with plastic film, do bow canopy after autumn, when growing 2 blades, throw off covering;
C, seedbed management: when seedling grows to 4~5 leaves after emerging, adopt pouring, sprinkling irrigation or drip irrigation to topdress once in conjunction with watering, every mu with urea 4Kg or the farmyard manure liquid 250Kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and is diluted to 2000Kg;
D, transplanting: the red sage root was emerged growth after 75 days, carried out winter cultivation mid-November to early December.
3. the implantation methods of the red sage root according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described step (2) comprising:
Selection of land and whole ground: selection soil layer is deep, loosing soil is fertile, physical features is higher, well-drained sandy loam plot, and the basal dressing of turning over, turns over once during plantation again; Bedding or ridge, the surrounding ditch that begins to rehearse;
Plantation: adopt seedling plantation or root division plantation; Before seedling plantation, by seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm, dig nest or trench digging, ditch depth or nest stretch as degree with shoot root length deeply, and earthing covers reed head completely; During root division plantation, by seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm, dig nest or trench digging, plant undercut section, greatly head-up, first cover burnt dust-ashes, then cover fine earth, use plastic mulching.
4. the implantation methods of the red sage root according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described step (2) specifically comprises:
Selection of land and whole ground: selection soil layer is deep, loosing soil is fertile, physical features is higher, well-drained sandy loam plot, earth's surface is cleaned out, the fertilizer 200Kg that every mu of use is become thoroughly decomposed and superphosphate 50Kg or calcium dihydrogen phosphate 10Kg mix and evenly apply, plough under in soil and make base manure, more than ploughing deeply soil 35cm; During plantation, turn over again once, wholely carefully rake; Do the wide high furrow of 1.2m or the wide ridge of 0.5m, the height on furrow or ridge is 20~30cm, the surrounding ditch that begins to rehearse;
Plantation: adopt seedling plantation or root division plantation; Before seedling plantation, centered by reed head, lower end retains 8~10cm, and upper end retains 5~7 leaves, all the other are all clipped, and by seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm, dig nest or trench digging, and ditch depth or nest stretch as degree with shoot root length deeply, earthing covers reed head completely, prevents flood irrigation while watering normal root water; Root division when plantation, by seeding row spacing 25 * 30cm, dig nest or trench digging, the dark or ditch depth of nest is 5~7cm, kind undercut becomes the segment of 5~7cm, greatly head-up, first cover burnt dust-ashes, then cover fine earth 2~3cm, with plastic mulching, after emerging, seedling is put in punching, throws off mulch film when ground temperature rises to 18 ℃.
5. the implantation methods of the red sage root according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described step (3) comprising:
Intertill and clean tillage: intertill and clean tillage 3 times, carried out respectively at April, early June and late August;
Topdress: in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, carry out 3 times, the applications of farmyard manure liquid that becomes thoroughly decomposed coordinates nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer, while topdressing, dig nest or at trench digging in the ranks, fertilizer applies rear timely blinding plant is other;
Pinch: late April, to May, is extractd salvia miltiorrhiza flower tongue by stages and in groups;
Irrigation and drainage: dredging drain ditch, be strictly on guard against that ponding becomes waterlogging.
6. the implantation methods of the red sage root according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described step (3) comprising:
Intertill and clean tillage: intertill and clean tillage 3 times, seedling in April carries out once during high 7~12cm, with hand-lifting, cuts weeds, and early June and late August carry out once respectively, adopt loosening soil, weeding;
Topdress: in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, carry out 3 times, every mu applies by become thoroughly decomposed dilution that liquid is diluted to 2000Kg of 250Kg farmyard manure and coordinates the nitrogenous fertilizer of 5Kg for the first time; Every mu applies 30Kg composite fertilizer for the second time, if need to gather seed, coordinates the potash fertilizer that applies 10Kg; Every mu applies the farmyard manure liquid 20Kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed for the third time; While topdressing, on plant side, dig nest or in the ranks ditching, fertilizer applies rear timely blinding;
Pinch: late April, to full heading time in May, is extractd when flower tongue is extracted 2cm out, within every 5~10 days, plucks and cuts once;
Irrigation and drainage: dredging drain ditch, be strictly on guard against that ponding becomes waterlogging.
7. the implantation methods of the red sage root according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the seed collection in described step (4) carries out at the beginning of by the end of May to 6 month: after inflorescence is cut, be exposed to the sun in time, get seed, and air-dry clean, shines and can pack after 1~3 day, storage.
8. the implantation methods of the red sage root according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the root of reserving seed for planting of adopting in described step (4) is: excavate the February at late October to mid-November or Second Year, choose stalwartness, without the many red rooted salvia of damage by disease and insect, supporting root as kind of a root.
9. the implantation methods of the red sage root according to claim 8, is characterized in that, chooses diameter and be the red rooted salvia of 0.7~1cm as kind of a root.
10. the implantation methods of the red sage root according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the material of gathering medicinal herbs in described step (4) is: in late November overground part start withered or germinate spring in next year before excavate, the red sage root digging out cuts off cane, coring, tremble most silt, remove reed head, dry; Whole recovery process can not get wet.
CN201310658910.4A 2013-12-09 2013-12-09 Savia miltiorrhiza planting method CN103650868A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104160843A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-11-26 曹金斌 Wild salviae miltiorrhizae seedling simulation propagation technology
CN104160851A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-11-26 宁国千方中药发展有限公司 Perennial upright herbaceous plant salviae miltiorrhizae planting method
CN104956899A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-07 渠县新市贡和中草药农民专业合作社 Salvia miltiorrhizae and radix paeoniae alba interplanting symbiotic technology
CN105103851A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 太仓市家欣农场专业合作社 Intercropping planting method for corns and salviae miltiorrhizae
CN105103890A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-02 黄志强 Salviae miltiorrhizae planting method
CN105165329A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 黄志强 Salvia miltiorrhiza planting method
CN105248087A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-01-20 金寨县金银山农业科技开发有限公司 Seedling growing field cultivation method of root of red-rooted salvia
CN105359818A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-02 四川农业大学 High-valued cultivation method of new variety of salvia miltiorrhiza bunge
CN105594417A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-05-25 金沙亿众现代科技农业产业有限公司 Planting method of salvia miltiorrhiza
CN105660156A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-15 临沂市农业科学院 Mengdan No.1 salvia miltiorrhiza bge.cultivation technology
CN106068983A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-09 张晓莉 A kind of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae is cultivated and method for transplanting
CN106258294A (en) * 2015-06-24 2017-01-04 黄保成 A kind of implantation methods of Brachystemma calycina D. Don.
CN106305068A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 上海市药材有限公司 Seedling growing method for seedlings special for high-tanshinone-content salviae miltiorrhizae
CN106376318A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 李冬琼 Plantation method improving content of tanshinoe IIA in root of red-rooted salvia
CN106376317A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 李冬琼 Plantation method of improving content of danshinolic acid in root of red-rooted salvia
CN107223442A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-10-03 四川省农业科学院经济作物育种栽培研究所 The cultural method of river red sage root fertility change
CN107493936A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-22 道真自治县百草谷旅游和农业开发有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of the red sage root
CN108064645A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-05-25 怒江昂可达农林生物科技开发有限公司 A kind of panax japonicus majoris fast breeding implantation methods
CN108271642A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-07-13 集安市吉聚参业有限公司 A kind of method for planting of the huge ginseng of edge strip
CN108812142A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-16 安徽俊祺生物科技有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae
CN108834802A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-20 曲靖市沾益区生物资源开发技术推广站 A kind of off-season cultivation method of radix salviae miltiorrhizae
CN108901721A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-30 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of new and effective cultural method in ginseng farmland
CN109006291A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-12-18 贵州景诚制药有限公司 A kind of method of red rooted salvia Guizhou introducing and planting
CN109644805A (en) * 2019-02-21 2019-04-19 文登市大德兴农庄农产品有限公司 A kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104160843B (en) * 2014-06-13 2017-01-11 曹金斌 Wild salviae miltiorrhizae seedling simulation propagation method
CN104160843A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-11-26 曹金斌 Wild salviae miltiorrhizae seedling simulation propagation technology
CN104160851A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-11-26 宁国千方中药发展有限公司 Perennial upright herbaceous plant salviae miltiorrhizae planting method
CN106258294A (en) * 2015-06-24 2017-01-04 黄保成 A kind of implantation methods of Brachystemma calycina D. Don.
CN104956899A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-07 渠县新市贡和中草药农民专业合作社 Salvia miltiorrhizae and radix paeoniae alba interplanting symbiotic technology
CN105103851A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 太仓市家欣农场专业合作社 Intercropping planting method for corns and salviae miltiorrhizae
CN105103890A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-02 黄志强 Salviae miltiorrhizae planting method
CN105165329A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 黄志强 Salvia miltiorrhiza planting method
CN105248087A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-01-20 金寨县金银山农业科技开发有限公司 Seedling growing field cultivation method of root of red-rooted salvia
CN105594417A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-05-25 金沙亿众现代科技农业产业有限公司 Planting method of salvia miltiorrhiza
CN105359818A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-02 四川农业大学 High-valued cultivation method of new variety of salvia miltiorrhiza bunge
CN105660156A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-15 临沂市农业科学院 Mengdan No.1 salvia miltiorrhiza bge.cultivation technology
CN106068983A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-09 张晓莉 A kind of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae is cultivated and method for transplanting
CN106305068A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 上海市药材有限公司 Seedling growing method for seedlings special for high-tanshinone-content salviae miltiorrhizae
CN106376318A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 李冬琼 Plantation method improving content of tanshinoe IIA in root of red-rooted salvia
CN106376317A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 李冬琼 Plantation method of improving content of danshinolic acid in root of red-rooted salvia
CN107223442A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-10-03 四川省农业科学院经济作物育种栽培研究所 The cultural method of river red sage root fertility change
CN107493936A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-22 道真自治县百草谷旅游和农业开发有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of the red sage root
CN108271642A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-07-13 集安市吉聚参业有限公司 A kind of method for planting of the huge ginseng of edge strip
CN108064645A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-05-25 怒江昂可达农林生物科技开发有限公司 A kind of panax japonicus majoris fast breeding implantation methods
CN108812142A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-16 安徽俊祺生物科技有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae
CN108901721A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-30 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of new and effective cultural method in ginseng farmland
CN108834802A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-20 曲靖市沾益区生物资源开发技术推广站 A kind of off-season cultivation method of radix salviae miltiorrhizae
CN109006291A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-12-18 贵州景诚制药有限公司 A kind of method of red rooted salvia Guizhou introducing and planting
CN109644805A (en) * 2019-02-21 2019-04-19 文登市大德兴农庄农产品有限公司 A kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation

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