CN105052465A - Mint planting method - Google Patents

Mint planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105052465A
CN105052465A CN201510458272.0A CN201510458272A CN105052465A CN 105052465 A CN105052465 A CN 105052465A CN 201510458272 A CN201510458272 A CN 201510458272A CN 105052465 A CN105052465 A CN 105052465A
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management
carried
peppermint
carries
soil
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CN201510458272.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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曾少兰
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曾少兰
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Priority to CN201510458272.0A priority Critical patent/CN105052465A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/007Determining fertilization requirements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

Disclosed in the invention is a mint planting method. The method is characterized in that the method comprises: (1) land selection and soil preparation are carried out; to be specific, flat subacid sandy loam soil with sunny exposure and a PH value of 6.0 to 7.0 is selected, ploughing to great depth and soil preparation are carried out, organic biochemical fertilizer is applied as base fertilizer at 400 to 800 kg/mu, shallow hoeing is carried out one time and the base fertilizer is buried into the soil, and then soil preparation is carried out again to realize bedding for standby application, wherein the interval of plots is 1.0 to 2.0 M; (2), seedling cultivation is carried out; (3), transplanting is carried out; and (4) final-period management is carried out; to be specific, field management, fertilization management, and watering are carried out. According to the invention, the cultivation method is provided; the survival rate of the mint planting and the yield are improved; and the mint yield is improved by carrying out reasonable field management during the mint growth period.

Description

The implantation methods of a kind of peppermint
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, particularly the implantation methods of a kind of peppermint.
Background technology
Peppermint, popular name, " lunar caustic grass ", is labiate, namely belong to other dry herbs together, be born in by hill wetland river more, rhizome grows wild underground, being born in 2100 meters of height above sea levels more, but also can growing on 3500 meters of height above sea level, is a kind of fragrant crop having extraordinary economic worth.The blue or green gas fragrance of complete stool.Leaf, to life, spends little lavender, lip, spends the dark violet brown granule fruit of rear knot.Peppermint is one of Chinese conventional Chinese medicine.It is pungent cool property sweating antipyretic medicine, controls influenza, the disease such as headache, hot eyes, body heat, throat, gum swell and ache, and external application can control neuralgia, pruitus, fash and eczema etc.The peppermint of light friend Greenhouse Fruit Picking is again the fresh vegetable on dining table in the Spring Festival, clearly good to eat, usually with peppermint for tea, clear away heart-fire improving eyesight.
Mint production has plants history decades, but planting type is still in extensive state, and the level of production is very low.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides the implantation methods of a kind of peppermint, object is the survival rate, the raising output that improve plantation, by carrying out at peppermint growing period the output that rational field management improves peppermint targetedly.
An implantation methods for peppermint, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land wholely: select smooth facing south, pH value is the subacidity sandy loam of 6.0 ~ 7.0, ploughs deeply wholely, the Organo-bio-applying 400-800kg/ mu is fertile in base manure, and then base manure once ploughs under in soil by shallow hoe, then carries out the bedding of whole ground, every furrow interval 1.0-2.0M, stand-by;
(2) nursery: growth selection is healthy and strong, be maternal plant without damage by disease and insect plant, planted by seeding row spacing 25 × 15cm kind in August, and in harvesting early winter on the ground 9 after gathering in ground cauline leaf early winter, rhizome stays original place as kind of a strain;
(3) transplant: at the beginning of 12 months, peppermint is transplanted, first rhizome has been dug, the rhizome sturdy, internode is short, disease-free is selected to make kind of a root, be cut into the segment that 8-9cm is long, then on whole good furrow face, line-spacing 20cm is pressed, open the ditch that 15cm is dark, kind of root is tiltedly put lid fine earth, having peace of mind again in ditch by 15cm spacing in the rows, watered sufficient normal root water, pluck terminal bud in time the May of planting to next year;
(4) final-period management: comprise field management, fertilizing management and water;
A field management: after young plant length in field is neat, carries out looking into seedling, a little mending cultivation in time to being short of seedling, monthly regularly inter-row cultivation weeding is carried out after filling the gaps with seedlings, artificial weeding between strain, Feng Hangqian carries out 4-5 intertill and clean tillage, carries out gathering in after all cutting weeds in field before harvesting again;
B fertilizing management: when young plant grows to 12-13cm, applying is topdressed, every mu imposes urea 15kg, Feng Hanghou every mu applies urea 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg+3ml spraying conerete, and 5 days once, 3 times altogether, topdress after each intertillage, apply ammonium chloride 50kg+ ammonium phosphate 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 30kg seedling stage every mu, branching stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 50kg+ potassium nitrate 50kg, and the later stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 30kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg;
C waters: within 3-5 days, water once after each intertillage, branching stage waters once every two weeks, gathers in process of cutting off the water in first 20 days.
In the present invention, as further illustrating, described Organo-bio-fertilizer is vinasse schlempe 35%, silkworm faeces 20%, cow dung 25%, peanut vine 10%, corn straw 10%, forms through saccharomycete slaking of fully fermenting.
The substantive distinguishing features that the present invention gives prominence to and marked improvement are:
1, the present invention selects Organo-bio-fertile in base manure, can not only provide the various required nutrient components of peppermint seedling, and the abundance of Organo-bio-fertilizer, cheap, thus reduces production cost.
2, the present invention's initial stage fertilising in field management controls 15kg every mu, because prevent overfertilization from causing peppermint seedling to occur the phenomenon lodged before gathering after applying base manure; Each intertillage mainly applies nitrogenous fertilizer afterwards, can urge early growth and quick tiller, at branching stage, rationally increases fertilizing amount and N P and K is reasonably combined, can improve branches and leaves output; Phase increasing application phosphorus potassium fertilizer after planting, can improve the quality of peppermint, and by the design of this entirety, the output of peppermint can improve more than 21%.
Embodiment
Further illustrate the present invention below by specific embodiment, be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be understood, it should be understood that embodiments of the invention are only used for the present invention, instead of limitation of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
An implantation methods for peppermint, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land wholely: select smooth facing south, pH value is the subacidity sandy loam of 6.0, plough deeply wholely, apply 400kg/ mu by vinasse schlempe 35%, silkworm faeces 20%, cow dung 25%, peanut vine 10%, corn straw 10%, fertile in base manure through fully the ferment Organo-bio-of slaking of saccharomycete, then base manure once ploughs under in soil by shallow hoe, then carries out the bedding of whole ground, every furrow interval 1.0M, stand-by;
(2) nursery: growth selection is healthy and strong, be maternal plant without damage by disease and insect plant, planted by seeding row spacing 25 × 15cm kind in August, and in harvesting early winter on the ground 9 after gathering in ground cauline leaf early winter, rhizome stays original place as kind of a strain;
(3) transplant: at the beginning of 12 months, peppermint is transplanted, first rhizome has been dug, the rhizome sturdy, internode is short, disease-free is selected to make kind of a root, be cut into the segment that 8cm is long, then on whole good furrow face, line-spacing 20cm is pressed, open the ditch that 15cm is dark, kind of root is tiltedly put lid fine earth, having peace of mind again in ditch by 15cm spacing in the rows, watered sufficient normal root water, pluck terminal bud in time the May of planting to next year;
(4) final-period management: comprise field management, fertilizing management and water;
A field management: after young plant length in field is neat, carries out looking into seedling, a little mending cultivation in time to being short of seedling, monthly regularly inter-row cultivation weeding is carried out after filling the gaps with seedlings, artificial weeding between strain, Feng Hangqian carries out 4 intertill and clean tillages, carries out gathering in after all cutting weeds in field before harvesting again;
B fertilizing management: when young plant grows to 12cm, applying is topdressed, every mu imposes urea 15kg, Feng Hanghou every mu applies urea 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg+3ml spraying conerete, and 5 days once, 3 times altogether, topdress after each intertillage, apply ammonium chloride 50kg+ ammonium phosphate 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 30kg seedling stage every mu, branching stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 50kg+ potassium nitrate 50kg, and the later stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 30kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg;
C waters: each intertillage is watered once in latter 3 days, and branching stage waters once every two weeks, gathers in process of cutting off the water in first 20 days.
Embodiment 2:
An implantation methods for peppermint, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land wholely: select smooth facing south, pH value is the subacidity sandy loam of 7.0, plough deeply wholely, apply 800kg/ mu by vinasse schlempe 35%, silkworm faeces 20%, cow dung 25%, peanut vine 10%, corn straw 10%, fertile in base manure through fully the ferment Organo-bio-of slaking of saccharomycete, then base manure once ploughs under in soil by shallow hoe, then carries out the bedding of whole ground, every furrow interval 2.0M, stand-by;
(2) nursery: growth selection is healthy and strong, be maternal plant without damage by disease and insect plant, planted by seeding row spacing 25 × 15cm kind in August, and in harvesting early winter on the ground 9 after gathering in ground cauline leaf early winter, rhizome stays original place as kind of a strain;
(3) transplant: at the beginning of 12 months, peppermint is transplanted, first rhizome has been dug, the rhizome sturdy, internode is short, disease-free is selected to make kind of a root, be cut into the segment that 9cm is long, then on whole good furrow face, line-spacing 20cm is pressed, open the ditch that 15cm is dark, kind of root is tiltedly put lid fine earth, having peace of mind again in ditch by 15cm spacing in the rows, watered sufficient normal root water, pluck terminal bud in time the May of planting to next year;
(4) final-period management: comprise field management, fertilizing management and water;
A field management: after young plant length in field is neat, carries out looking into seedling, a little mending cultivation in time to being short of seedling, monthly regularly inter-row cultivation weeding is carried out after filling the gaps with seedlings, artificial weeding between strain, Feng Hangqian carries out 5 intertill and clean tillages, carries out gathering in after all cutting weeds in field before harvesting again;
B fertilizing management: when young plant grows to 13cm, applying is topdressed, every mu imposes urea 15kg, Feng Hanghou every mu applies urea 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg+3ml spraying conerete, and 5 days once, 3 times altogether, topdress after each intertillage, apply ammonium chloride 50kg+ ammonium phosphate 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 30kg seedling stage every mu, branching stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 50kg+ potassium nitrate 50kg, and the later stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 30kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg;
C waters: each intertillage is watered once in latter 5 days, and branching stage waters once every two weeks, gathers in process of cutting off the water in first 20 days.
Embodiment 3:
An implantation methods for peppermint, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land wholely: select smooth facing south, pH value is the subacidity sandy loam of 6.5, plough deeply wholely, apply 600kg/ mu by vinasse schlempe 35%, silkworm faeces 20%, cow dung 25%, peanut vine 10%, corn straw 10%, fertile in base manure through fully the ferment Organo-bio-of slaking of saccharomycete, then base manure once ploughs under in soil by shallow hoe, then carries out the bedding of whole ground, every furrow interval 1.5M, stand-by;
(2) nursery: growth selection is healthy and strong, be maternal plant without damage by disease and insect plant, planted by seeding row spacing 25 × 15cm kind in August, and in harvesting early winter on the ground 9 after gathering in ground cauline leaf early winter, rhizome stays original place as kind of a strain;
(3) transplant: at the beginning of 12 months, peppermint is transplanted, first rhizome has been dug, the rhizome sturdy, internode is short, disease-free is selected to make kind of a root, be cut into the segment that 8.5cm is long, then on whole good furrow face, line-spacing 20cm is pressed, open the ditch that 15cm is dark, kind of root is tiltedly put lid fine earth, having peace of mind again in ditch by 15cm spacing in the rows, watered sufficient normal root water, pluck terminal bud in time the May of planting to next year;
(4) final-period management: comprise field management, fertilizing management and water;
A field management: after young plant length in field is neat, carries out looking into seedling, a little mending cultivation in time to being short of seedling, monthly regularly inter-row cultivation weeding is carried out after filling the gaps with seedlings, artificial weeding between strain, Feng Hangqian carries out 4 intertill and clean tillages, carries out gathering in after all cutting weeds in field before harvesting again;
B fertilizing management: when young plant grows to 12.5cm, applying is topdressed, every mu imposes urea 15kg, Feng Hanghou every mu applies urea 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg+3ml spraying conerete, and 5 days once, 3 times altogether, topdress after each intertillage, apply ammonium chloride 50kg+ ammonium phosphate 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 30kg seedling stage every mu, branching stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 50kg+ potassium nitrate 50kg, and the later stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 30kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg;
C waters: each intertillage is watered once in latter 4 days, and branching stage waters once every two weeks, gathers in process of cutting off the water in first 20 days.
Application Example 1-3, each embodiment adopts the method for embodiment respectively to carry out 30 strain cultivations, and record the situation of gathering, wherein CK is the method for common plantation on the market.
Table 1 is gathered information slip
Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 CK
A plantation number/ 30 30 30 30
Gather a number/ 30 28 29 25
Average plant height/cm 45 47 48 38
Gross mass/kg 6.2 6.95 6.21 5.13
Illustrate that the peppermint gross yield adopting method of the present invention and prior art commonsense method to plant out can improve more than 21% by upper table data, and the peppermint survival rate of being planted by the inventive method is high, plant height is also than the height that prior art implantation methods is planted.

Claims (2)

1. an implantation methods for peppermint, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land wholely: select smooth facing south, pH value is the subacidity sandy loam of 6.0 ~ 7.0, ploughs deeply wholely, the Organo-bio-applying 400-800kg/ mu is fertile in base manure, and then base manure once ploughs under in soil by shallow hoe, then carries out the bedding of whole ground, every furrow interval 1.0-2.0M, stand-by;
(2) nursery: growth selection is healthy and strong, be maternal plant without damage by disease and insect plant, planted by seeding row spacing 25 × 15cm kind in August, and in harvesting early winter on the ground 9 after gathering in ground cauline leaf early winter, rhizome stays original place as kind of a strain;
(3) transplant: at the beginning of 12 months, peppermint is transplanted, first rhizome has been dug, the rhizome sturdy, internode is short, disease-free is selected to make kind of a root, be cut into the segment that 8-9cm is long, then on whole good furrow face, line-spacing 20cm is pressed, open the ditch that 15cm is dark, kind of root is tiltedly put lid fine earth, having peace of mind again in ditch by 15cm spacing in the rows, watered sufficient normal root water, pluck terminal bud in time the May of planting to next year;
(4) final-period management: comprise field management, fertilizing management and water;
A field management: after young plant length in field is neat, carries out looking into seedling, a little mending cultivation in time to being short of seedling, monthly regularly inter-row cultivation weeding is carried out after filling the gaps with seedlings, artificial weeding between strain, Feng Hangqian carries out 4-5 intertill and clean tillage, carries out gathering in after all cutting weeds in field before harvesting again;
B fertilizing management: when young plant grows to 12-13cm, applying is topdressed, every mu imposes urea 15kg, Feng Hanghou every mu applies urea 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg+3ml spraying conerete, and 5 days once, 3 times altogether, topdress after each intertillage, apply ammonium chloride 50kg+ ammonium phosphate 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 30kg seedling stage every mu, branching stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 50kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 50kg+ potassium nitrate 50kg, and the later stage every mu applies ammonium chloride 30kg+ potassium dihydrogen phosphate 100kg+ potassium chloride 100kg;
C waters: within 3-5 days, water once after each intertillage, branching stage waters once every two weeks, gathers in process of cutting off the water in first 20 days.
2. the implantation methods of peppermint according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Organo-bio-fertilizer is vinasse schlempe 35%, silkworm faeces 20%, cow dung 25%, peanut vine 10%, corn straw 10%, forms through saccharomycete slaking of fully fermenting.
CN201510458272.0A 2015-07-30 2015-07-30 Mint planting method Pending CN105052465A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106171482A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-12-07 邱文娟 A kind of Herba Menthae breeding cultivation method
CN106613661A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-05-10 界首市兴邦家庭农场 Overwintering seedling culture method for purple mint rhizome seedlings
CN107517717A (en) * 2017-09-22 2017-12-29 界首市永银种植专业合作社 A kind of peppermint implantation methods based on cutting propagation
CN108586162A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-09-28 安徽省中正农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of charcoal matrix for peppermint plantation

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP12030P2 (en) * 1998-06-03 2001-08-07 Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research Hybrid mint plant named ‘Neerkalka’
CN103385109A (en) * 2013-08-14 2013-11-13 丹阳华都园艺有限公司 Mint cultivation method
CN104145675A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-11-19 合肥长润农业科技有限公司 Method for planting mint
CN104303755A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-28 张家港市杨舍镇善港农民专业合作社 Planting method of mint
CN104488697A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-08 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Breeding method of new variety of mint with high essential oil content

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USPP12030P2 (en) * 1998-06-03 2001-08-07 Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research Hybrid mint plant named ‘Neerkalka’
CN103385109A (en) * 2013-08-14 2013-11-13 丹阳华都园艺有限公司 Mint cultivation method
CN104145675A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-11-19 合肥长润农业科技有限公司 Method for planting mint
CN104303755A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-28 张家港市杨舍镇善港农民专业合作社 Planting method of mint
CN104488697A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-08 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Breeding method of new variety of mint with high essential oil content

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
YUNDE116: "园林绿化植物", 《豆丁》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106171482A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-12-07 邱文娟 A kind of Herba Menthae breeding cultivation method
CN106613661A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-05-10 界首市兴邦家庭农场 Overwintering seedling culture method for purple mint rhizome seedlings
CN107517717A (en) * 2017-09-22 2017-12-29 界首市永银种植专业合作社 A kind of peppermint implantation methods based on cutting propagation
CN108586162A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-09-28 安徽省中正农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of charcoal matrix for peppermint plantation

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