CN109588222A - A kind of implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109588222A
CN109588222A CN201910118563.3A CN201910118563A CN109588222A CN 109588222 A CN109588222 A CN 109588222A CN 201910118563 A CN201910118563 A CN 201910118563A CN 109588222 A CN109588222 A CN 109588222A
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soil
rhizoma polygonati
rhizomes
selection
weeding
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CN201910118563.3A
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谭绍清
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谭绍清
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati, including selection of land, the selection of rhizoma polygonati rhizomes, plantation, water management, field management, during selection of land, to planting site through ploughing, after keeping its weathering loose, then it is sprinkled into organic well-rotted farmyard manure, while spreading two layers of organic compound fertilizer in ridging region;Nursery stock disease can be not only reduced, but also the nutritional need of rhizoma polygonati growth course can be met, more sproutings can be grown in a short time, has that speed of germination is fast, germination percentage is high, disease resistance is strong, can greatly increase the survival rate of seedling;Rhizome is handled with nutrient solution simultaneously, is capable of the expression of the gene that roots inside rhizoma polygonati rhizomes, strict control its spacing and burying depth in planting process are poured through earthing with the depth of water, keep soil conservation wet;It is strictly managed during daily management, weeding and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control simultaneously, can not only meet nutritional need in its growth course, plant disease resistance also can be improved, increase the survival rate of seedling, effectively prevent the generation of pest and disease damage.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese medicine plant field, in particular to a kind of implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati.
Background technique
Rhizoma polygonati is liliaceous plant rhizoma polygonati, is conventional Chinese medicine simply, is mainly used as making up a prescription in the past, market demand is not Greatly, source is also based on wild excavation, but deepens continuously recently as what is applied to rhizoma polygonati, and rhizoma polygonati purposes is widened significantly, is removed Other than medicinal, preserved fruit, beverage and health care product and skin care item can also be processed into, and make animal feed additive, and can made It is cultivated for vegetables, ornamental flower etc..Rhizoma polygonati is wild in dark and damp mountainous region bushes and woods side thick grass, resists cold, seedling energy It in field wintering, but should not be grown in Arid Area, seed germinating time is longer, and 2-3 Nian Caineng breaks ground teething, and 4-5 is It can harvesting.It because rhizoma polygonati market demand is in rapid growth, acquires wild rhizoma polygonati and is not able to satisfy the market demand not only, on the contrary also broken ring Ecological environment and wild resource.Therefore carrying out artificial cultivation to rhizoma polygonati is imperative and there is very important reality to anticipate Justice.The breeding of rhizoma polygonati is mainly by seminal propagation and division propagation, and the seminal propagation period is long, and germination percentage is not high, and general just germination needs Wanted for 2 years, and traditional division propagation equally exists the statuses such as the low, slow growth of germination percentage.
Summary of the invention
It it is an object of the invention to be directed to prior art problem, provides that a kind of speed of germination is fast, germination percentage is high, has disease-resistant Ability is strong, can not only increase the survival rate of seedling, moreover it is possible to improve its yield and quality, for rhizoma polygonati drug production provide it is high-quality, Safe and stable, controllable medicine source is suitable for large area, large-scale planting, specifically a kind of implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati, include the following steps
(1) selection of land: selection soil property is fertile, soil layer is deep, wet, good permeability, humic is abundant abundant concealment condition Plot, the sandy loam that soil is loose with quality, moisture holding capacity is good, acid-base property is that pH is 6.5-7.5;Soil is carried out before sowing to plough Once, make its weathering loose, be sprinkled into organic well-rotted farmyard manure 1000-1200kg after turning over per acre;Then the thin leveling of rake, and make Furrow, the wide 1.0-1.4m of furrow play high ridge according to width 45-60cm, height 8-10cm in its furrow, and ridge spacing is controlled in 10-20cm; Meanwhile one layer of mixed organic manure is first sprinkled in ridging region, and cover one layer of 2-3cm soil on it, then covered again It on the soil of lid, needs to sprinkle one layer of mixed organic manure again, finally covers one layer of 3-5cm soil;
(2) selection of rhizoma polygonati rhizomes: selecting raw healthy and strong, no disease and pests harm the plant rhizome of 1-2, take apex young tender part, Rhizomes is truncated according to 3-4 section, cleans, is chamfer with knife on the rhizomes surface of interception, between knife and rhizomes Angle is 35-40 °, and section size is 3-4cm2, the spacing between each notch is 3-5cm, notch is cleaned, then in nutrition It is impregnated 3-6 hours in liquid, takes out simultaneously naturally dry;
(3) it plants: the rhizome mode upward according to bud scar is gently pressed into the high ridge put in order, between rhizomes Spacing is 15-20cm, and burying depth is controlled respectively in 4-6cm, and earthing after having planted slightly is suppressed and poured with the depth of water, makes soil Earth keeps wet;
(4) water management: plantation rhizoma polygonati rhizomes once, it is relatively wet to control soil after a week, according to every watering in 3-5 days Degree is 40-60%;
(5) field management: needing weeding four times every year, primary at interval of a weeding in month, and growth early period is using shallow hoe side Formula is earthed up after shallowly uprooting and suitably, needs to carry out in time after being carried out weeding, then tillage and weeding by the way of uprooting weed at later stages Top dressing, fertilizing type want timely earthing lid fertilizer after ditching-fertilizing in the ranks, fertilising, apply urea 14kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate per acre 14kg, potassium sulfate 12kg, Chinese medicine slag 30kg, dregs of beans 15kg, microbial bacterial agent 2kg;In addition, during annual 5-7 month falls ill It is interior, it needs to spray 500 times of Bordeaux mixture to prevent insect pest of curing the disease, was sprayed 1 time at interval of 7-10 days, it is 3-4 times continuous;Annual 10 The 1000 times of liquid of metrifonate for being 80-90% with concentration are needed pour 1-2 times, to prevent and treat soil the last ten-days period to the mid-December moon Pest and disease damage.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: during selection of land, ploughing planting site, after keeping its weathering loose, is then sprinkled into Organic well-rotted farmyard manure, while two layers of organic compound fertilizer is spread in ridging region;Nursery stock disease can be not only reduced, but also can be expired The nutritional need of sufficient rhizoma polygonati growth course can grow more sproutings in a short time, the fast, germination percentage with speed of germination Height, disease resistance is strong, can greatly increase the survival rate of seedling;Rhizome is handled with nutrient solution simultaneously, it being capable of rhizoma polygonati rhizomes The expression of the internal gene that roots, strict control its spacing and burying depth in planting process are poured through earthing with the depth of water, Keep soil conservation wet;It is strictly managed during daily management, weeding and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control simultaneously, can not only meet it Plant disease resistance also can be improved in nutritional need in growth course, increases the survival rate of seedling, effectively prevent the hair of pest and disease damage It is raw.Using implantation methods of the present invention, high-quality, safe and stable, controllable medicine source, energy are provided for the production of rhizoma polygonati drug Meet the needs of large area, large-scale planting rhizoma polygonati, there is high survival rate, yield is high, and rhizoma polygonati rhizome is high-quality, and good drug efficacy etc. is excellent Point.
Specific embodiment
The technical scheme in the embodiments of the invention will be clearly and completely described below.
Embodiment 1
(1) selection of land: selection soil property is fertile, soil layer is deep, wet, good permeability, humic is abundant abundant concealment condition Plot, the sandy loam that soil is loose with quality, moisture holding capacity is good, acid-base property is that pH is 6.5-7.5;Soil is carried out before sowing to plough Once, make its weathering loose, be sprinkled into organic well-rotted farmyard manure 1200kg after turning over per acre;Then the thin leveling of rake, and bedding, furrow are wide 1.2m, plays high ridge according to width 50cm, height 10cm in its furrow, and ridge spacing is controlled in 20cm;Meanwhile in ridging region first One layer of mixed organic manure is sprinkled, and covers one layer of 2-3cm soil on it, on the soil then covered again, is needed again One layer of mixed organic manure is sprinkled, one layer of 3-5cm soil is finally covered;The mixed organic manure by fermentation organic fertilizer, wormcast and Urea 4:2:1 by weight mixing composition, the amount of application of the organic compound fertilizer are to apply 40kg per acre;
(2) selection of rhizoma polygonati rhizomes: selecting raw healthy and strong, no disease and pests harm the plant rhizome of 1-2, take apex young tender part, Rhizomes is truncated according to 3-4 section, cleans, is chamfer with knife on the rhizomes surface of interception, between knife and rhizomes Angle is 35-40 °, and section size is 3-4cm2, the spacing between each notch is 3-5cm, notch is cleaned, then in nutrition It is impregnated 4 hours in liquid, takes out simultaneously naturally dry;The nutrient solution includes following components: the phosphoric acid of the manganese sulfate of 1g/L, 1.5g/L Potassium dihydrogen, 0.5mg/L zinc sulfate, 0.3mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate and 0.1mg/L 6- benzyl purine;
(3) it plants: the rhizome mode upward according to bud scar is gently pressed into the high ridge put in order, between rhizomes Spacing is 15-20cm, and burying depth is controlled respectively in 4-6cm, and earthing after having planted slightly is suppressed and poured with the depth of water, makes soil Earth keeps wet;
(4) water management: plantation rhizoma polygonati rhizomes once, it is relatively wet to control soil after a week, according to every watering in 3-5 days Degree is 40-60%;
(5) field management: needing weeding four times every year, primary at interval of a weeding in month, and growth early period is using shallow hoe side Formula is earthed up after shallowly uprooting and suitably, needs to carry out in time after being carried out weeding, then tillage and weeding by the way of uprooting weed at later stages Top dressing, fertilizing type want timely earthing lid fertilizer after ditching-fertilizing in the ranks, fertilising, apply urea 14kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate per acre 14kg, potassium sulfate 12kg, Chinese medicine slag 30kg, dregs of beans 15kg, microbial bacterial agent 2kg;In addition, during annual 5-7 month falls ill It is interior, it needs to spray 500 times of Bordeaux mixture to prevent insect pest of curing the disease, was sprayed 1 time at interval of 7-10 days, it is 3-4 times continuous;Annual 10 The 1000 times of liquid of metrifonate for being 80-90% with concentration are needed pour 1-2 times, to prevent and treat soil the last ten-days period to the mid-December moon Pest and disease damage.
Embodiment 2
(1) selection of land: selection soil property is fertile, soil layer is deep, wet, good permeability, humic is abundant abundant concealment condition Plot, the sandy loam that soil is loose with quality, moisture holding capacity is good, acid-base property is that pH is 6.5-7.5;Soil is carried out before sowing to plough Once, make its weathering loose, be sprinkled into organic well-rotted farmyard manure 1000kg after turning over per acre;Then the thin leveling of rake, and bedding, furrow are wide 1.0m, plays high ridge according to width 60cm, height 10cm in its furrow, and ridge spacing is controlled in 15cm;Meanwhile in ridging region first One layer of mixed organic manure is sprinkled, and covers one layer of 2-3cm soil on it, on the soil then covered again, is needed again One layer of mixed organic manure is sprinkled, one layer of 3-5cm soil is finally covered;The mixed organic manure by fermentation organic fertilizer, wormcast and Urea 4:2:1 by weight mixing composition, the amount of application of the organic compound fertilizer are to apply 35kg per acre;
(2) selection of rhizoma polygonati rhizomes: selecting raw healthy and strong, no disease and pests harm the plant rhizome of 1-2, take apex young tender part, Rhizomes is truncated according to 3-4 section, cleans, is chamfer with knife on the rhizomes surface of interception, between knife and rhizomes Angle is 35-40 °, and section size is 3-4cm2, the spacing between each notch is 3-5cm, notch is cleaned, then in nutrition It is impregnated 5 hours in liquid, takes out simultaneously naturally dry;The nutrient solution includes following components: the phosphorus of the manganese sulfate of 0.8g/L, 1.6g/L Acid dihydride potassium, 0.6mg/L zinc sulfate, 0.4mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate and 0.2mg/L 6- benzyl purine;
(3) it plants: the rhizome mode upward according to bud scar is gently pressed into the high ridge put in order, between rhizomes Spacing is 15-20cm, and burying depth is controlled respectively in 4-6cm, and earthing after having planted slightly is suppressed and poured with the depth of water, makes soil Earth keeps wet;
(4) water management: plantation rhizoma polygonati rhizomes once, it is relatively wet to control soil after a week, according to every watering in 3-5 days Degree is 40-60%;
(5) field management: needing weeding four times every year, primary at interval of a weeding in month, and growth early period is using shallow hoe side Formula is earthed up after shallowly uprooting and suitably, needs to carry out in time after being carried out weeding, then tillage and weeding by the way of uprooting weed at later stages Top dressing, fertilizing type want timely earthing lid fertilizer after ditching-fertilizing in the ranks, fertilising, apply urea 14kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate per acre 14kg, potassium sulfate 12kg, Chinese medicine slag 30kg, dregs of beans 15kg, microbial bacterial agent 2kg;In addition, during annual 5-7 month falls ill It is interior, it needs to spray 500 times of Bordeaux mixture to prevent insect pest of curing the disease, was sprayed 1 time at interval of 7-10 days, it is 3-4 times continuous;Annual 10 The 1000 times of liquid of metrifonate for being 80-90% with concentration are needed pour 1-2 times, to prevent and treat soil the last ten-days period to the mid-December moon Pest and disease damage.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati, which comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land: selection soil property is fertile, soil layer is deep, wet, good permeability, the humic ground abundant for having sufficiently concealment condition Block, the sandy loam that soil is loose with quality, moisture holding capacity is good, acid-base property are that pH is 6.5-7.5;Soil is carried out before sowing ploughs one It is secondary, keep its weathering loose, is sprinkled into organic well-rotted farmyard manure 1000-1200kg after turning over per acre;Then the thin leveling of rake, and bedding, The wide 1.0-1.4m of furrow, plays high ridge according to width 45-60cm, height 8-10cm in its furrow, and ridge spacing is controlled in 10-20cm;Together When, one layer of mixed organic manure is first sprinkled in ridging region, and cover one layer of 2-3cm soil on it, then covered again Soil on, need to sprinkle one layer of mixed organic manure again, finally cover one layer of 3-5cm soil;
(2) selection of rhizoma polygonati rhizomes: raw healthy and strong, no disease and pests harm the plant rhizome of 1-2 is selected, apex young tender part is taken, by root Shape stem is truncated according to 3-4 section, cleans, is chamfer with knife on the rhizomes surface of interception, the angle between knife and rhizomes It is 35-40 °, section size is 3-4cm2, the spacing between each notch is 3-5cm, notch is cleaned, then in nutrient solution It impregnates 3-6 hours, takes out simultaneously naturally dry;
(3) it plants: the rhizome mode upward according to bud scar is gently pressed into the high ridge put in order, the spacing between rhizomes For 15-20cm, burying depth is controlled respectively in 4-6cm, and earthing after having planted slightly is suppressed and poured with the depth of water, protects soil It holds wet;
(4) water management: plantation rhizoma polygonati rhizomes is after a week, primary according to watering every 3-5 days, and control relative moisture of the soil is 40-60%;
(5) field management: needing weeding four times every year, primary at interval of a weeding in month, and growth early period uproots mode using shallow, shallowly It after hoe and suitably earths up, needs to carry out top dressing in time after carrying out weeding, then tillage and weeding by the way of uprooting weed at later stages, Fertilizing type wants timely earthing lid fertilizer after ditching-fertilizing in the ranks, fertilising, applies urea 14kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 14kg, sulphur per acre Sour potassium 12kg, Chinese medicine slag 30kg, dregs of beans 15kg, microbial bacterial agent 2kg;In addition, being needed during falling ill in annual 5-7 month The Bordeaux mixture of 500 times of sprinkling sprayed 1 time to prevent insect pest of curing the disease at interval of 7-10 days, 3-4 times continuous;In annual late October To mid-December, the 1000 times of liquid of metrifonate for being 80-90% with concentration are needed pour 1-2 times, to prevent and treat soil pest and disease damage.
2. the implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati according to claim 1, which is characterized in that step (1) described mixed organic manure is by sending out Ferment organic fertilizer, wormcast and urea 4:2:1 by weight mixing composition, the amount of application of the organic compound fertilizer are to apply per acre 30-40kg。
3. the implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati according to claim 1, which is characterized in that step (2) described nutrient solution includes following Component: the manganese sulfate of 0.8-1g/L, the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 1-1.6g/L, 0.3-0.6mg/L zinc sulfate, 0.3-0.4mg/L naphthalene second The 6- benzyl purine of acid and 0.1-0.2mg/L.
CN201910118563.3A 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 A kind of implantation methods of rhizoma polygonati Pending CN109588222A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110431953A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-11-12 贵州大学 A kind of polygonatum cyrtonema seedling stem germination accelerating method
CN112243817A (en) * 2020-09-15 2021-01-22 安顺市西秀区钰霖种养殖农民专业合作社 Planting method of polygonatum sibiricum
CN114315452A (en) * 2022-01-26 2022-04-12 江西中医药大学 Special fertilizer for polygonatum cyrtonema and preparation method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110431953A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-11-12 贵州大学 A kind of polygonatum cyrtonema seedling stem germination accelerating method
CN112243817A (en) * 2020-09-15 2021-01-22 安顺市西秀区钰霖种养殖农民专业合作社 Planting method of polygonatum sibiricum
CN114315452A (en) * 2022-01-26 2022-04-12 江西中医药大学 Special fertilizer for polygonatum cyrtonema and preparation method thereof

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