CN101411285A - Method for cultivating green asparagus with good quality and high yield - Google Patents

Method for cultivating green asparagus with good quality and high yield Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101411285A
CN101411285A CNA2008102376428A CN200810237642A CN101411285A CN 101411285 A CN101411285 A CN 101411285A CN A2008102376428 A CNA2008102376428 A CN A2008102376428A CN 200810237642 A CN200810237642 A CN 200810237642A CN 101411285 A CN101411285 A CN 101411285A
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Prior art keywords
fertilizer
asparagus
planting
green
fertilising
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CNA2008102376428A
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Chinese (zh)
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贾进东
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贾进东
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Priority to CNA2008102376428A priority Critical patent/CN101411285A/en
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Abstract

The invention aims to provide a high-yield cultivation method for high quality green asparagus. According to growth rhythm of plants, disease and insect control and the solar terms, the method comprises five parts in detail including seedling field planting, field care, fertilizer application and disease and insect control. Green asparagus cultivated by the method has high yield, high quality and remarkable economic benefits.

Description

Method for cultivating green asparagus with good quality and high yield
Technical field
The invention belongs to plant planting field, specifically method for cultivating green asparagus with good quality and high yield.
Background technology
Asparagus has another name called Shi Xibai, belongs to perennial plant, and it grows the green tender stem of native face without ridging, claim green asparagus, can be for eating cultivation method in the past raw, the output high-quality is poor, or the quality high yield is poor, does not reach requirement far away in today that people increase day by day to the demand of asparagus.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of method for cultivating green asparagus with good quality and high yield, it is of fine quality to have reached high yield.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: be subdivided into by the cultivation to green asparagus of plant growing rule, the extermination of disease and insect pest and solar term seasons:
Grow seedlings, field planting, field management, fertilising, five parts of the extermination of disease and insect pest.
Concrete cultivation method:
1, grows seedlings.
(1) vernalization: 300 times of liquid of the carbendazim with 50% soaked 12 hours, used 30 ℃-35 ℃ emerge in worm water 48 hours again, and seed is leached, and put into basin, and the wet cloth of lid places 25-28 ℃ environment.
(2) preparing seedbed: select sand to do the seedbed, use the fertilizer 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, phosphate fertilizer 30kg, potash fertilizer 15kg, the red 2kg of furans for every mu, turn over, and carry out nursery bed disinfection, leveling is poured water.
(3) sowing: carry out bunch planting, broadcast back earthing 1cm, temperature is 25 ℃-30 ℃ in the control seedbed, every 10-15 days with 600 times of liquid sprays of the blue or green pulvis of 40% asparagus once.
2, field planting: the plot that rich water is strong is treated in choosing, ploughs deeply whole ground earlier, fertilising, execute the high-quality fertilizer that it is good that 5-6 sides are become thoroughly decomposed and nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (45%) composite fertilizer of 50kg is spread in the planting furrow for every mu, control every mu and plant about 1900 strains, line-spacing is pressed 1.4 meters, 25 centimetres of spacing in the rows.
3, field management.
(1) spring stubble stay foster: after the beginning of spring, can give birth to tender stem and gather as green asparagus taking out, gathering begins to stay foster spring stubble to mid-May, and 2 years bamboo shoot fields can be stayed and support 3-4.
(2) autumn stubble stay foster.Asparagus late August of gathering stops to gather, and enters autumn and stays foster management phase.
4, fertilising: execute fertilizer every year twice.For the first time be spring tender stem take out before death vernalization fertilizer, be for the second time that the autumn of early September is sent out rejuvenation fertilizer.After entering picking time, topdressing, is principle repeatedly gently to execute, and adopts bamboo shoot in earlier stage every 15-20 days, and fertilising is 1 time about 10 days later stages.
5, the extermination of disease and insect pest:
(1) do a good job of it the field health, reduce bacterium source base, remove the field old and feeble withered old female stem and the residual leaf of deadwood, weeds, concentrate and burn, then with the sterilization that carries out disinfection of 600 times of liquid of asparagus green grass or young crops pulvis of 40%.
(2) female stem grows to 5cm when high, luckyly wins+80% than the 500 times of liquid spray medicines of getting profit with 50% pair, and spray in general 5-7 days once will fill spray behind the chance rain.
(3) pest control.Based on biological control, take black old lamp trapping etc.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: Zai Pei green asparagus output height in this way, quality is good, remarkable in economical benefits.
Embodiment
1, grows seedlings.In February, the last ten-days period ground temperature adopt little shed to grow seedlings in time more than 15 ℃.Presoaking and germinating at first.300 times of liquid of carbendazim with 50% soaked 12 hours, later on 30 ℃-35 ℃ emerge in worm water 48 hours, after treating the abundant imbibition of seed, seed is leached, put into basin, the wet cloth of lid places 25-28 ℃ environment to carry out vernalization, can sow when seed has radicle about 10% to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally.Secondly, seedbed management and sowing, the selection draining is good, loose, fertile sandy soil is done the seedbed, and use the nitrogenous fertilizer 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, phosphate fertilizer 30kg, potash fertilizer 15kg, mixed the spreading fertilizer over the fields of the red 2kg of furans, turn over and bury, and carry out nursery bed disinfection for every mu into bed surface, leveling, the seedbed is poured water, is drawn piece and carries out cave point seed, broadcasts back earthing 1cm, and builds little shed.Cultivate strong sprout once more.Can emerge in after planting 5-7 days, temperature is 25 ℃-30 ℃ in the control seedbed, in good time intertill and clean tillage, and every 10-15 days with 600 times of liquid sprays of the blue or green pulvis of 40% asparagus once.
2, field planting: when treating that 3 of seedling terrestrial stem are above, generally get final product field planting in late May.The field planting field is most important to growing of asparagus.Therefore, must select that soil property is fertile, soil layer is deep, treat the plot that rich water is strong.At first plough deeply whole ground, dig the field fertilising, execute the become thoroughly decomposed high-quality fertilizer of getting well and nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (45%) composite fertilizer of 50kg of 5-6 sides for every mu and be spread in the planting furrow, then, select seedling classification field planting to adopt the M-N-W cultivation, suitably strengthen plantation density during field planting, plant about 1900 strains for general every mu, line-spacing is pressed 1.4 meters, 25 centimetres of spacing in the rows, strengthen management diligent spraying fertilizer, the ridging of weeding in time after the field planting, prevention waterlogging is preserved moisture, clear shaped branch is strengthened the extermination of disease and insect pest, for material base is laid in exploitation in the coming year.
3, field management.The asparagus field planting enters picking time in 1 year spring 4, May, and its management mainly is to strengthen the rich water quality management and the extermination of disease and insect pest.Water, soil moisture content can not be hanged down 16% and be stayed female footpath in good time: stay the method in female footpath to take to stay in 1 year foster twice female stem, after the beginning of spring, asparagus begins to take out living tender stem, can gather as green asparagus this moment to taking out living tender stem, and gathering begins to stay foster spring stubble to mid-May, and 2 years bamboo shoot fields can be stayed and support 3-4.It is foster to pay attention to staying of autumn stubble.Asparagus is gathered late August, owing to gather for a long time through aestivate, the stored nutrient of its root exhausts substantially, the tender stem that grows attenuates, and quality and yield obviously descends, the acrial part flavescence, should in time stop to gather this moment, does garden clearly well, enters autumn and stay foster management phase.
4, fertilising: twice fertilizer of annual heavy dressing.For the first time be spring tender stem take out before death vernalization fertilizer.The autumn that for the second time is early September is sent out rejuvenation fertilizer, and general each mu is executed barnyard manure 2000-3000kg, composite fertilizer 50kg.After entering picking time, in time topdress, topdressing repeatedly gently to execute is principle, topdresses for the first time when tender stem begins to extract out, adopts bamboo shoot early stages every 15-20 days, and fertilising is 1 time about 10 days later stages, every mu of sealing fertilizer 50kg or corresponding urea and phosphate fertilizer.5, the extermination of disease and insect pest: 1, do a good job of it the field health, reduce bacterium source base.The main disease of harm asparagus is a stem wilt, and insect pest is prodenia litura, blue or green worm etc.1 year twice clear garden thoroughly remove the field old and feeble withered old female stem and the residual leaf of deadwood, weeds, concentrate and burn, then with the sterilization that carries out disinfection of 600 times of liquid of asparagus green grass or young crops pulvis of 40%.2, spray method in the employing is strictly on guard against that disease takes place.When the spring autumn stubble stays and supports, when female stem grows to 5cm when high, luckyly win+80% with 50% pair, sprayed once in general 5-7 days, will fill spray behind the chance rain than the 500 times of liquid spray medicines of getting profit.3, pest control.Should get with agricultural measures for the bamboo shoot parasitosis and to prevent and treat.Based on biological control, take black old lamp trapping etc., spray chemical pesticide less as far as possible.

Claims (5)

1, method for cultivating green asparagus with good quality and high yield is characterized in that, is subdivided into by the cultivation to green asparagus of plant growing rule, the extermination of disease and insect pest and solar term seasons:
Grow seedlings, field planting, field management, fertilising, five parts of the extermination of disease and insect pest.
Concrete cultivation method:
1, grows seedlings.
(1) vernalization: 300 times of liquid of the carbendazim with 50% soaked 12 hours, used 30 ℃-35 ℃ emerge in worm water 48 hours again, and seed is leached, and put into basin, and the wet cloth of lid places 25-28 ℃ environment.
(2) preparing seedbed: select sand to do the seedbed, use the fertilizer 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, phosphate fertilizer 30kg, potash fertilizer 15kg, the red 2kg of furans for every mu, turn over, and carry out nursery bed disinfection, leveling is poured water.
(3) sowing: carry out bunch planting, broadcast back earthing 1cm, temperature is 25 ℃-30 ℃ in the control seedbed, every 10-15 days with 600 times of liquid sprays of the blue or green pulvis of 40% asparagus once.
2, field planting: the plot that rich water is strong is treated in choosing, ploughs deeply whole ground earlier, fertilising, execute the high-quality fertilizer that it is good that 5-6 sides are become thoroughly decomposed and nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (45%) composite fertilizer of 50kg is spread in the planting furrow for every mu, control every mu and plant about 1900 strains, line-spacing is pressed 1.4 meters, 25 centimetres of spacing in the rows.
3, field management.
(1) spring stubble stay foster: after the beginning of spring, can give birth to tender stem and gather as green asparagus taking out, gathering begins to stay foster spring stubble to mid-May, and 2 years bamboo shoot fields can be stayed and support 3-4.
(2) autumn stubble stay foster.Asparagus late August of gathering stops to gather, and enters autumn and stays foster management phase.
4, fertilising: execute fertilizer every year twice.For the first time be spring tender stem take out before death vernalization fertilizer, be for the second time that the autumn of early September is sent out rejuvenation fertilizer.After entering picking time, topdressing, is principle repeatedly gently to execute, and adopts bamboo shoot in earlier stage every 15-20 days, and fertilising is 1 time about 10 days later stages.
5, the extermination of disease and insect pest:
(1) do a good job of it the field health, reduce bacterium source base, remove the field old and feeble withered old female stem and the residual leaf of deadwood, weeds, concentrate and burn, then with the sterilization that carries out disinfection of 600 times of liquid of asparagus green grass or young crops pulvis of 40%.
(2) female stem grows to 5cm when high, luckyly wins+80% than the 500 times of liquid spray medicines of getting profit with 50% pair, and spray in general 5-7 days once will fill spray behind the chance rain.
(3) pest control.Based on biological control, take black old lamp trapping etc.
CNA2008102376428A 2008-12-02 2008-12-02 Method for cultivating green asparagus with good quality and high yield Pending CN101411285A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102550275A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-11 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Method for interplanting vegetables with asparagus
CN102577824A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Method for cultivating asparaguses in North China
CN102696387A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-03 中国科学院南京土壤研究所 Method for reducing application amount of phosphate fertilizer in vegetable planting process
CN103270874A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-04 山西省农业科学院蔬菜研究所 Ecological protection and cultivation method for desertification area asparagus
CN103704100A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-09 浙江大学 Method for quickly culturing stools of asparagus officinalis, promoting germination of tender stems and cultivating same of asparagus officinalis
CN103858646A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-18 河北省农林科学院经济作物研究所 Method for cultivating asparagus in seashore saline land
CN103875423A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-25 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 Method for cultivating asparagus
CN103875422A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-25 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 Field management method for cultivating asparagus
CN103875424A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-25 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 Method for cultivating asparagus seedlings in nutrition plates in early state
CN103975756A (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-08-13 河北省农林科学院经济作物研究所 Green asparagus close planting dwarfing high-yield cultivation method
CN104186063A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-10 铜陵友思蔬菜种植专业合作社 Asparagus cultivation method
CN104381005A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-04 黄德元 Harvest management method for asparagus in southern Anhui region
CN104381007A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-04 黄德元 Planting method for asparagus in southern Anhui region
CN106171506A (en) * 2015-05-04 2016-12-07 杭州市富阳区农业技术推广中心 A kind of perennial Germinatus Phragmitis is prolonged life stable yields method
CN106358862A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 安徽起林芦笋种植有限公司 Method for preventing stem wilt of asparagus
CN107311771A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-03 黔西南州林晨黔农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of asparagus high yield
CN107360827A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-21 黔西南州林晨黔农业发展有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of asparagus
CN107484541A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-12-19 安徽起林芦笋种植有限公司 A kind of trees auxiliary implantation methods of asparagus
CN107912244A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-17 井冈山市瓯峰农业科技有限公司 It is a kind of to prevent pest and disease damage, the asparagus cultivation method of volume increase
CN108997050A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-12-14 黔西南州林晨黔农业发展有限公司 A kind of planting asparagus fertilizer special for organic

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102550275A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-11 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Method for interplanting vegetables with asparagus
CN102577824A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Method for cultivating asparaguses in North China
CN102696387A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-03 中国科学院南京土壤研究所 Method for reducing application amount of phosphate fertilizer in vegetable planting process
CN102696387B (en) * 2012-06-29 2013-06-12 中国科学院南京土壤研究所 Method for reducing application amount of phosphate fertilizer in vegetable planting process
CN103270874A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-04 山西省农业科学院蔬菜研究所 Ecological protection and cultivation method for desertification area asparagus
CN103270874B (en) * 2013-05-22 2015-04-15 山西省农业科学院蔬菜研究所 Ecological protection and cultivation method for desertification area asparagus
CN103704100A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-09 浙江大学 Method for quickly culturing stools of asparagus officinalis, promoting germination of tender stems and cultivating same of asparagus officinalis
CN103858646A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-18 河北省农林科学院经济作物研究所 Method for cultivating asparagus in seashore saline land
CN103875423A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-25 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 Method for cultivating asparagus
CN103875422A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-25 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 Field management method for cultivating asparagus
CN103875424A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-25 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 Method for cultivating asparagus seedlings in nutrition plates in early state
CN103875424B (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-10-07 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 The method of a kind of asparagus early nutrition dish nursery
CN103875423B (en) * 2014-03-31 2016-05-04 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 A kind of cultivation of asparagus method
CN103975756A (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-08-13 河北省农林科学院经济作物研究所 Green asparagus close planting dwarfing high-yield cultivation method
CN103975756B (en) * 2014-06-05 2016-03-30 河北省农林科学院经济作物研究所 High-yield cultivating method is downgraded in a kind of green asparagus dense planting
CN104186063A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-10 铜陵友思蔬菜种植专业合作社 Asparagus cultivation method
CN104186063B (en) * 2014-08-20 2016-08-24 铜陵友思蔬菜种植专业合作社 A kind of cultivation of asparagus method
CN104381005A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-04 黄德元 Harvest management method for asparagus in southern Anhui region
CN104381007A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-04 黄德元 Planting method for asparagus in southern Anhui region
CN106171506A (en) * 2015-05-04 2016-12-07 杭州市富阳区农业技术推广中心 A kind of perennial Germinatus Phragmitis is prolonged life stable yields method
CN106358862A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 安徽起林芦笋种植有限公司 Method for preventing stem wilt of asparagus
CN107484541A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-12-19 安徽起林芦笋种植有限公司 A kind of trees auxiliary implantation methods of asparagus
CN107311771A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-03 黔西南州林晨黔农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of asparagus high yield
CN107360827A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-21 黔西南州林晨黔农业发展有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of asparagus
CN107912244A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-17 井冈山市瓯峰农业科技有限公司 It is a kind of to prevent pest and disease damage, the asparagus cultivation method of volume increase
CN108997050A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-12-14 黔西南州林晨黔农业发展有限公司 A kind of planting asparagus fertilizer special for organic

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