CN105123406A - Cultivation method for high-yield green tea trees - Google Patents

Cultivation method for high-yield green tea trees Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105123406A
CN105123406A CN201510540611.XA CN201510540611A CN105123406A CN 105123406 A CN105123406 A CN 105123406A CN 201510540611 A CN201510540611 A CN 201510540611A CN 105123406 A CN105123406 A CN 105123406A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
time
meter
sowing
seed
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CN201510540611.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
裴九元
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Langxi Biqiao Peijiuyuan Tea Plantation Family Farm
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Langxi Biqiao Peijiuyuan Tea Plantation Family Farm
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Priority to CN201510540611.XA priority Critical patent/CN105123406A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method for high-yield green tea trees. The method comprises the following steps that 1, a sowing propagation mode is adopted, and seeds are soaked in a seed soaking agent with the temperature ranging from 85 DEG C to 90 DEG C for 24 hours before being sown; 2, ditching and ridging are performed, the ditch depth is one meter, the ditch width is one meter, organic fertilizer prepared from crop straw is laid on the bottom layer, the thickness of the organic fertilizer ranges from 10 centimeters from 20 centimeters, then ridging and soil covering are performed, the mode of sowing in drill is adopted when sowing is performed, and before young seedlings come out, water is appropriately sprayed to keep soil wet; 3, topdressing of night soil is performed in time after the young seedlings grow to 10 cm, the young seedlings enter a growing peak season after the June and are irrigated in time, topdressing of urea is performed for two times every month in June, July and August, when the seedlings grow to 5-6 cm, thinning can be performed in time, and cultivating and weeding are performed in time; 4, transplanting can be performed when the ground diameter of the annual seedlings is more than 1 m; 5, lateral branches and sprout under the stem determination height are cut off in time when seedling stems are determined, and tea leaves can be produced through one to year of cultivation.

Description

The breeding method of high yield green tea tea tree
Technical field
The present invention relates to plant husbandry technical field, be specifically related to the breeding method of a kind of high yield green tea tea tree.
Background technology
Land resources is non-renewable resource, and China can plough soil and only have 1,500,000,000 mu.Due in the last few years, national economy, in quick propagation process, ignored the protection of ecotope, caused land resources to run off in a large number.The current water and soil loss area of China is 3,680,000 square kilometres, accounts for 38.2% of area, and is also increasing with the speed of 10,000 square kilometres every year.There are 5,000,000,000 tons of silts to flow into reservoir and lake every year, cause the very big destruction of ecotope.Situation like this, it will be very serious for controlling with controlling ecological environment situation well as can not get.
Tealeaves is mountain area tradition bulk product, and tea place area distributions is extensive, because the long-term agricultural chemicals in rural area is agriculture and chemical fertilizer is agriculture, industrial sewage, exhaust emission, severe water and soil erosion, beneficial bird beneficial insect day by day reduce be on the verge of disappearance, ecotope is seriously damaged, and tea leaf quality declines, and agriculture is residual to exceed standard.For situation like this, in the transformation of nationwide inherent tea place, some regional Planting board chestnut, Chinese fir, Chinese tallow tree, and tree is flourishing after growing up, tealeaves loses a thread sunlight, and in some tea place, configuration is tall fills with careless solid growth, damage by disease and insect intersection occurs, some plant, because of mountain area inconvenience watering, fertilizing, is difficult to growth, falls flat.In biopesticide control, some biopesticide contains synergist and uses weed killer herbicide and can cause that agriculture is residual to exceed standard.Adopt physical method, artificial insect-catching, livestock culturing to control the methods such as worm all because tea place is in mountain area, have significant limitation.Some Area during Summer adopts Shading net covering to shelter from heat or light to tea tree, and what increase fresh leaf holds tender property, improves quality, also not ideal.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is that raising one planting scale is large, constant product quality, the breeding method of management method simple high yield green tea tea tree.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
A breeding method for high yield green tea tea tree, method step is as follows:
(1) breed
Adopt seed propagation mode, select healthy and strong, without the tealeaves seed of damage by disease and insect, before sowing, soak seed 24 hours at the seed soaking agent of 85-90 DEG C, the abundant imbibition of seed can be sowed;
(2) sow
Ditching ridging, ditch depth 1 meter, wide 1 meter, bottom paving agricultural crop straw fertilizer, thickness at 10-20 centimetre, then ridging grave mound, ridge is high 0.3 meter, wide 1 meter; Bar broadcast mode is adopted, line-spacing 20-25 centimetre, thickness of earth covering 1.5-2 centimetre during sowing; Take the circumstances into consideration water spray before emerging, keep ground moistening;
(3) manage
Seedling should impose night soil after growing to 10 ㎝ height in time, enters the growth busy season, pour water in time, and June, July and August, monthly impose urea secondary, each 10-25 ㎏/667 ㎡ after June; When seedling grows to 5-6 ㎝ height, should thinning in time, the whole year can carry out 2-3 time, and intertill and clean tillage in good time;
(4) transplant
Annual sapling leading thread reaches more than 1m i.e. portable, and transplant First Year for supporting the root phase, seeding row spacing is 20 ㎝ × 30 ㎝; Second Year is for supporting dry spell, and in spring, from ㎝ place, border 5, seedling dry ground, stump is cut, and clip wants level and smooth, does not make splitting; And with soil, clip is buried, then pour water;
(5) management is pruned
Should cut off side shoot and the rudiment of below heading height after sapling is surely dry in time, the cultivation through 1-2 can produce tea.
Above-mentioned seed soaking agent is formulated by the component of following parts by weight: magnetized drinking water 100 parts, Tea Saponin 2 parts, purple sweet potato cyanidin 1.5 parts, compound sodium nitrophenolate 1.5 parts, Purslane extract 2 parts, alanine 5 parts, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 4 parts, 1.5 parts, copper sulphate, Aqua Folium Camelliae sinensis 5 parts, 25% carbendazol wettable powder 5 parts, ethanol 2 parts, chelated iron 2 parts, Glyceryl Behenate 0.5 part, phosphate buffer 1.5 parts, neutral proteinase 0.5 part, ammoniacal liquor 4 parts, fulvic acid 1.5 parts, gibberellin 2 parts, citric acid 0.5 part, phoxim 2 parts, motor vehicle antifreeze fluid 0.5 part, Pidolidone 0.4 part, industry glycerol 0.2 part, potassium sorbate 0.5 part.Adopt this seed soaking agent nontoxic, noresidue, can bactericidal effect be played, promote seed sprouting, improve emergence rate.
Above-mentioned agricultural crop straw fertilizer is made up of the component of following weight portion: farmyard manure 50 parts, 15 parts, surface dust, calcined kaolin 5 parts, 10 parts, cake fertilizer, agricultural residues powder 30 parts, saw foam 5 parts, EM bacterial classification 3 parts, marine alga micro mist 2 parts, ooze 2 parts, rice bran micro mist 5 parts, mountain spring water 20 parts; During preparation, said components is mixed, ferment 2 months, then raw material is stirred and dries, granulate.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the inventive method is simple, is convenient to daily management, tealeaves evenness can be increased simultaneously, improve the product phase of tealeaves, realize the object of increasing both production and income.
Embodiment
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, setting forth the present invention further.
Embodiment 1
A breeding method for high yield green tea tea tree, method step is as follows:
(1) breed
Adopt seed propagation mode, select healthy and strong, without the tealeaves seed of damage by disease and insect, before sowing, soak seed 24 hours at the seed soaking agent of 85-90 DEG C, the abundant imbibition of seed can be sowed;
(2) sow
Ditching ridging, ditch depth 1 meter, wide 1 meter, bottom paving agricultural crop straw fertilizer, thickness at 10-20 centimetre, then ridging grave mound, ridge is high 0.3 meter, wide 1 meter; Bar broadcast mode is adopted, line-spacing 20-25 centimetre, thickness of earth covering 1.5-2 centimetre during sowing; Take the circumstances into consideration water spray before emerging, keep ground moistening;
(3) manage
Seedling should impose night soil after growing to 10 ㎝ height in time, enters the growth busy season, pour water in time, and June, July and August, monthly impose urea secondary, each 10-25 ㎏/667 ㎡ after June; When seedling grows to 5-6 ㎝ height, should thinning in time, the whole year can carry out 2-3 time, and intertill and clean tillage in good time;
(4) transplant
Annual sapling leading thread reaches more than 1m i.e. portable, and transplant First Year for supporting the root phase, seeding row spacing is 20 ㎝ × 30 ㎝; Second Year is for supporting dry spell, and in spring, from ㎝ place, border 5, seedling dry ground, stump is cut, and clip wants level and smooth, does not make splitting; And with soil, clip is buried, then pour water;
(5) management is pruned
Should cut off side shoot and the rudiment of below heading height after sapling is surely dry in time, the cultivation through 1-2 can produce tea.
Above-mentioned seed soaking agent is formulated by the component of following parts by weight: magnetized drinking water 100 parts, Tea Saponin 2 parts, purple sweet potato cyanidin 1.5 parts, compound sodium nitrophenolate 1.5 parts, Purslane extract 2 parts, alanine 5 parts, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 4 parts, 1.5 parts, copper sulphate, Aqua Folium Camelliae sinensis 5 parts, 25% carbendazol wettable powder 5 parts, ethanol 2 parts, chelated iron 2 parts, Glyceryl Behenate 0.5 part, phosphate buffer 1.5 parts, neutral proteinase 0.5 part, ammoniacal liquor 4 parts, fulvic acid 1.5 parts, gibberellin 2 parts, citric acid 0.5 part, phoxim 2 parts, motor vehicle antifreeze fluid 0.5 part, Pidolidone 0.4 part, industry glycerol 0.2 part, potassium sorbate 0.5 part.Adopt this seed soaking agent nontoxic, noresidue, can bactericidal effect be played, promote seed sprouting, improve emergence rate.
Above-mentioned agricultural crop straw fertilizer is made up of the component of following weight portion: farmyard manure 50 parts, 15 parts, surface dust, calcined kaolin 5 parts, 10 parts, cake fertilizer, agricultural residues powder 30 parts, saw foam 5 parts, EM bacterial classification 3 parts, marine alga micro mist 2 parts, ooze 2 parts, rice bran micro mist 5 parts, mountain spring water 20 parts; During preparation, said components is mixed, ferment 2 months, then raw material is stirred and dries, granulate.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. a breeding method for high yield green tea tea tree, is characterized in that, method step is as follows:
(1) breed
Adopt seed propagation mode, select healthy and strong, without the tealeaves seed of damage by disease and insect, before sowing, soak seed 24 hours at the seed soaking agent of 85-90 DEG C;
(2) sow
Ditching ridging, ditch depth 1 meter, wide 1 meter, bottom paving agricultural crop straw fertilizer, thickness at 10-20 centimetre, then ridging grave mound, ridge is high 0.3 meter, wide 1 meter; Bar broadcast mode is adopted, line-spacing 20-25 centimetre, thickness of earth covering 1.5-2 centimetre during sowing; Take the circumstances into consideration water spray before emerging, keep ground moistening;
(3) manage
Seedling should impose night soil after growing to 10 ㎝ height in time, enters the growth busy season, pour water in time, and June, July and August, monthly impose urea secondary, each 10-25 ㎏/667 ㎡ after June; When seedling grows to 5-6 ㎝ height, should thinning in time, the whole year can carry out 2-3 time, and intertill and clean tillage in good time;
(4) transplant
Annual sapling leading thread reaches more than 1m i.e. portable, and transplant First Year for supporting the root phase, seeding row spacing is 20 ㎝ × 30 ㎝; Second Year is for supporting dry spell, and in spring, from ㎝ place, border 5, seedling dry ground, stump is cut, and clip wants level and smooth, does not make splitting; And with soil, clip is buried, then pour water;
(5) management is pruned
Should cut off side shoot and the rudiment of below heading height after sapling is surely dry in time, the cultivation through 1-2 can produce tea;
Above-mentioned seed soaking agent is formulated by the component of following parts by weight: magnetized drinking water 100 parts, Tea Saponin 2 parts, purple sweet potato cyanidin 1.5 parts, compound sodium nitrophenolate 1.5 parts, Purslane extract 2 parts, alanine 5 parts, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 4 parts, 1.5 parts, copper sulphate, Aqua Folium Camelliae sinensis 5 parts, 25% carbendazol wettable powder 5 parts, ethanol 2 parts, chelated iron 2 parts, Glyceryl Behenate 0.5 part, phosphate buffer 1.5 parts, neutral proteinase 0.5 part, ammoniacal liquor 4 parts, fulvic acid 1.5 parts, gibberellin 2 parts, citric acid 0.5 part, phoxim 2 parts, motor vehicle antifreeze fluid 0.5 part, Pidolidone 0.4 part, industry glycerol 0.2 part, potassium sorbate 0.5 part,
Above-mentioned agricultural crop straw fertilizer is made up of the component of following weight portion: farmyard manure 50 parts, 15 parts, surface dust, calcined kaolin 5 parts, 10 parts, cake fertilizer, agricultural residues powder 30 parts, saw foam 5 parts, EM bacterial classification 3 parts, marine alga micro mist 2 parts, ooze 2 parts, rice bran micro mist 5 parts, mountain spring water 20 parts; During preparation, said components is mixed, ferment 2 months, then raw material is stirred and dries, granulate.
CN201510540611.XA 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 Cultivation method for high-yield green tea trees Pending CN105123406A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105638371A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-06-08 信阳农林学院 Green breeding method of ancient tea trees
CN106258753A (en) * 2016-08-01 2017-01-04 于先第 A kind of breeding method of resistance to sugar green tea
CN106386095A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 简立华 Seedling growing method for watermelons by plug tray seedling growing substrate
CN106386436A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 简立华 Seedling growing method for watermelons by plug tray cultivation substrate
CN108040533A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-18 安徽省上行山茶叶有限公司 A kind of processing method for improving white tea percentage of seedgermination
CN108040660A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-18 当涂县瑞龙果树种植专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of tea tree
CN108738988A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-11-06 贵州鸿霖农业科技有限公司 A kind of method that tea tree is interplanted suddenly with sun
CN108887058A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-27 贵州省桐梓县绿康茶业有限公司 Green tea implantation methods

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CN101817708A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-09-01 司文会 Plant source seed soaking agent and preparation method thereof
JP2010279295A (en) * 2009-06-04 2010-12-16 Kyushu Electric Power Co Inc Method and device for cultivating tea tree
CN103833459A (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-06-04 深圳市高杰斯科技有限公司 Drug fertilizer composition for preventing and treating green turf diseases and application thereof
CN103960099A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-08-06 舒城县东方粮油种植专业合作社 Industrial rice seedling raising method
CN104641761A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-05-27 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 Seeding pretreatment method for rape seeds

Patent Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010279295A (en) * 2009-06-04 2010-12-16 Kyushu Electric Power Co Inc Method and device for cultivating tea tree
CN101817708A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-09-01 司文会 Plant source seed soaking agent and preparation method thereof
CN103833459A (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-06-04 深圳市高杰斯科技有限公司 Drug fertilizer composition for preventing and treating green turf diseases and application thereof
CN103960099A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-08-06 舒城县东方粮油种植专业合作社 Industrial rice seedling raising method
CN104641761A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-05-27 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 Seeding pretreatment method for rape seeds

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
程国华: "茶园的建立与管理", 《农村实用技术》 *

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105638371A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-06-08 信阳农林学院 Green breeding method of ancient tea trees
CN106258753A (en) * 2016-08-01 2017-01-04 于先第 A kind of breeding method of resistance to sugar green tea
CN106386095A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 简立华 Seedling growing method for watermelons by plug tray seedling growing substrate
CN106386436A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 简立华 Seedling growing method for watermelons by plug tray cultivation substrate
CN108040533A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-18 安徽省上行山茶叶有限公司 A kind of processing method for improving white tea percentage of seedgermination
CN108040660A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-18 当涂县瑞龙果树种植专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of tea tree
CN108738988A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-11-06 贵州鸿霖农业科技有限公司 A kind of method that tea tree is interplanted suddenly with sun
CN108887058A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-27 贵州省桐梓县绿康茶业有限公司 Green tea implantation methods

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Application publication date: 20151209