CN104255261A - Good-quality and high-yield cultivation method of radix puerariae - Google Patents

Good-quality and high-yield cultivation method of radix puerariae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104255261A
CN104255261A CN201410508419.8A CN201410508419A CN104255261A CN 104255261 A CN104255261 A CN 104255261A CN 201410508419 A CN201410508419 A CN 201410508419A CN 104255261 A CN104255261 A CN 104255261A
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root
soil
seedlings
yield
kudzu
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刘强
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刘强
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a good-quality and high-yield cultivation method of radix puerariae. The cultivation method comprises the steps of (1) seed selection and seedling growing, namely selecting a high-yield, less-crude fiber and high-starch variety and growing seedlings on a seed bed, (2) selection and preparation of land, namely selecting a sandy loam land relatively in soil layer and smooth in drainage for planting, (3) transplanting to land, namely sufficiently watering the seed bed before transplanting so as to facilitate lifting of seedlings with soil, planting the seedlings or chopped seedlings into the soil by an inclination angle of 30-40 degrees to the ground surface, 500-700 seedlings per mu at the row spacing of 80-100cm, compacting the soil after transplanting and injecting root colonization water, (4) fertilization, namely, appropriately applying diluted human or animal liquid dung once or twice after the seedlings are transplanted, AND when the seedlings grow by 25cm, spraying 0.3%-0.5% urea water every 15 days, and (5) field management, including rack erection, root sun drying and bud control. The good-quality and high-yield cultivation method of the radix puerariae has the advantages of realizing high production and high yield of the radix puerariae and increasing the content of the puerariae powder in the radix puerariae.

Description

A kind of cultivating superior high-yield method of the root of kudzu vine
Technical field
The present invention relates to medicinal plant field of planting, particularly relate to a kind of cultivating superior high-yield method of the root of kudzu vine.
Background technology
The root of kudzu vine has another name called Pachyrhizua angulatus, Pueraria lobota fiber crops rattan is that pulse family fabric kudzu belongs to, the root of kudzu vine is rich in starch, isoflavone like substance, and more than the ten kind of necessary trace element of human body such as calcium, selenium, iron, copper, phosphorus, potassium, and having effects such as " disconnected paddy are not hungry; induce sweat and bring down a fever; promote the production of body fluid to quench thirst, whetting the appetite, treats hemorrhoid; anti-cancer ", is emerging Green healthcare longevity food.Root of kudzu vine whole body is all precious, and stem hide fiber can twist rope, knits ko-hemp cloth, also paper making raw material can be made, blade is excellent green fodder, and can feed pigs foster rabbit etc., and Pueraria lobota is assorted can make edible fungus culturing, stem tuber is rich in starch etc., can be processed into health food, also can make Pueraria lobota wine, FI puerariae can be made into Pueravia flower tea and relieves the effect of alcohol, effect is magical, has chest enlarge, cosmetic result.
Because plantation landform is different, can according to different terrain, select bay method and outdoor cultivation, bay method is applicable to the low soil plantation of the physical features such as wasteland, farmland, Fang Qian, behind the house vegetable garden, and outdoor cultivation is only suitable for the gentle slope plantation lower than 30%, planting requirement and bay method basically identical, only be omitted bay, cut root, beta pruning, allow its self-sow, cover ground, strengthen drought-resistant ability, favourable to water and soil conservation.But no matter be which kind of cultivation method, its output is not high, well below market demand.For this reason, find the high-purity cultivation method of a kind of root of kudzu vine and there is very big market value.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of cultivating superior high-yield method of the root of kudzu vine, achieve the high yield of the root of kudzu vine, high receipts, improve the content of kudzuvine root starch in the root of kudzu vine.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A cultivating superior high-yield method for the root of kudzu vine, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) to choose seeds nursery: select high yield and raw fiber is few and kind that starch is high carries out nursery on seedbed;
(2) selection of land is wholely: select thicker soil and draining good sandy loam ground plantation, in mid-February, Chemical Mixed Fertilizer 200 jin every mu is executed before whole ground, to plough the ploughing soil degree of depth with 25 ~ 30 centimeters as the best with harvesting and tillage machine or ox, soil should be ploughed carefully as well, row spacing is 65 ~ 70 centimeters, and ridge is high 25 centimeters, the ground furrow width between ridge and ridge 20 centimeters;
(3) field planting is transplanted: the time to early April at mid or late March, transplants front seedbed and waters permeable, is convenient to be with native lifting, become 30 ~ 40 degree tiltedly to plant with ground young plant or section seedling to bury, transplant young plant 500 ~ 700 strain for every mu, spacing in the rows is 80 ~ 100cm, by soil compaction after transplanting, water normal root water;
(4) apply fertilizer: after young plant is transplanted, suitably use people and animals' liquid dung normal root of 1 ~ 2 dilution, when young plant grows to 25cm, the urea water with 0.3% ~ 0.5% is sprayed, and spray in every 15 days once;
(5) field management: comprise built, shine root, control bud;
Built: the proping when young plant grows to 20 ~ 30cm height;
Shine root: when kudzu grows to about 1.5 meters, prune branch rattan root, select 1 ~ 2 sturdy block to stay, all the other root system blades cut off, dew solarization earthing after 2 ~ 3 days, and earthing is advisable to expose block root head 2 ~ 3cm;
Control bud: prune when kudzu climbs high to 2 meters, extract the bud grown between the lateral bine of less than 1 meter and axil.
Intertill and clean tillage: intertill and clean tillage when kudzu grows to 1 ~ 2 meter, finds that there is many stems plant, should pull out unnecessary stem immediately climing after emerging;
Disease control: seedling stage goes out and Dithane S31 zinc 1000 times of mixed liquors spray stems with bacterium is vertical, to be manured into soil poisoning with 5% phoxim granule or 3% carbofuran Granules in root of kudzu vine vegetative period.
Compared with prior art, the embodiment of the present invention at least has the following advantages:
In the embodiment of the present invention, in the field management of root of kudzu vine plantation, the cultivation method taking built, shine root, control bud, built climbs growth to kudzu, promotes that block root expands, obtains high yield, shine root and ensure that the growth of the root of kudzu vine and the content of kudzuvine root starch, the budlet produced in kudzu process of growth or useless bud are extractd by control bud, and ensure that the photosynthesis of kudzu and leaf, the growth for the root of kudzu vine provides better nutrition.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described, and following examples are descriptive, is not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
A cultivating superior high-yield method for the root of kudzu vine, the method comprises the following steps:
(1) to choose seeds nursery: select high yield and raw fiber is few and kind that starch is high carries out nursery on seedbed;
(2) selection of land is wholely: select thicker soil and draining good sandy loam ground plantation, in mid-February, Chemical Mixed Fertilizer 200 jin every mu is executed before whole ground, to plough the ploughing soil degree of depth with 25 ~ 30 centimeters as the best with harvesting and tillage machine or ox, soil should be ploughed carefully as well, row spacing is 65 ~ 70 centimeters, and ridge is high 25 centimeters, the ground furrow width between ridge and ridge 20 centimeters;
(3) field planting is transplanted: the time to early April at mid or late March, transplants front seedbed and waters permeable, is convenient to be with native lifting, become 30 ~ 40 degree tiltedly to plant with ground young plant or section seedling to bury, transplant young plant 500 ~ 700 strain for every mu, spacing in the rows is 80 ~ 100cm, by soil compaction after transplanting, water normal root water;
(4) apply fertilizer: after young plant is transplanted, suitably use people and animals' liquid dung normal root of 1 ~ 2 dilution, when young plant grows to 25cm, the urea water with 0.3% ~ 0.5% is sprayed, and spray in every 15 days once;
(5) field management: comprise built, shine root, control bud;
Built: the proping when young plant grows to 20 ~ 30cm height;
Shine root: when kudzu grows to about 1.5 meters, prune branch rattan root, select 1 ~ 2 sturdy block to stay, all the other root system blades cut off, dew solarization earthing after 2 ~ 3 days, and earthing is advisable to expose block root head 2 ~ 3cm;
Control bud: prune when kudzu climbs high to 2 meters, extract the bud grown between the lateral bine of less than 1 meter and axil.
Concrete; in step (1); seedling kind can select the kind such as the high yield fast-growing root of kudzu vine 119, the wood raw root of kudzu vine, Jiangxi Pueraria lobota No. 3, the Song Shi root of kudzu vine usually, and the method that root of kudzu vine nursery can adopt kudzu bud to save cuttage is carried out, and cultivates into bag seedling and greatly can improve Pueraria lobota transplantation of seedlings survival rate.The operating process of bud joint cuttage is as follows: first seedbed is watered permeable, and the lower end oblique cutting of the provenance bud joint got ready in nutritious bag, attention will expose axillalry bud, and axillalry bud eye upward.After cuttage, cover the thin excrement that 1cm is thick, water permeable, the mulch film water conservation that first tiles heats, and reconstructs into flat-top Small plastic shed when axillary bud sprouting grows kudzu, keeps seedbed moistening, notes leaking informaton cooling.When daily mean temperature reaches more than 14 DEG C, remove film hardening.Generally large after bud joint cuttage half wheat harvesting period visible axillalry bud to sprout growth, can new root be seen after two wheat harvesting periods.After three months, as long more than the 2cm of new root, during long more than the 20cm of tendril, bag seedling can go out garden and transplant.
In step (5), utilize the bamboo pole of 2 meters long or wooden pole during built, oblique cutting bamboo pole in the middle of two strain Ge Miao, the bamboo pole of adjacent rows intersects for " people " font, puts a long pole above, fixing with rope binding, then kudzu is drawn added.To note time set in brickwork plugging steady in fact, bind, in case strong wind blows down.When the distance of all lateral bine growing points distance root reaches three meters long time, terminal bud be extractd, namely control bud.Control bud can promote that the climing length of Teng is slightly become strong and axillary bud development, prepares numerous seedling cuttage in coming year bud joint, guarantees root swelling desired nutritional.After next year beginning of spring, prune early, every strain root of kudzu vine can only retain 2 ~ 3 tendrils and cultivate and formed main climing, does not stay branch lateral bine, in case " Pueraria lobota head " looks excessive, consume too much nutrient, affect the root of kudzu vine and expand within 1m.
Further, in specific implementation process, this method is further comprising the steps of:
Intertill and clean tillage: intertill and clean tillage when kudzu grows to 1 ~ 2 meter, finds that there is many stems plant, should pull out unnecessary stem immediately climing after emerging.
Disease control: seedling stage goes out and Dithane S31 zinc 1000 times of mixed liquors spray stems with bacterium is vertical, to be manured into soil poisoning with 5% phoxim granule or 3% carbofuran Granules in root of kudzu vine vegetative period.
Compared with prior art, the embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages:
By applying the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, in the field management of root of kudzu vine plantation, the cultivation method taking built, shine root, control bud, built climbs growth to kudzu, promotes that block root expands, obtains high yield, shine root and ensure that the growth of the root of kudzu vine and the content of kudzuvine root starch, the budlet produced in kudzu process of growth or useless bud are extractd by control bud, and ensure that the photosynthesis of kudzu and leaf, the growth for the root of kudzu vine provides better nutrition.
The above; be only the present invention's preferably embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, is anyly familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; the change that can expect easily or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claims.

Claims (2)

1. a cultivating superior high-yield method for the root of kudzu vine, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) to choose seeds nursery: select high yield and raw fiber is few and kind that starch is high carries out nursery on seedbed;
(2) selection of land is wholely: select thicker soil and draining good sandy loam ground plantation, in mid-February, Chemical Mixed Fertilizer 200 jin every mu is executed before whole ground, to plough the ploughing soil degree of depth with 25 ~ 30 centimeters as the best with harvesting and tillage machine or ox, soil should be ploughed carefully as well, row spacing is 65 ~ 70 centimeters, and ridge is high 25 centimeters, the ground furrow width between ridge and ridge 20 centimeters;
(3) field planting is transplanted: the time to early April at mid or late March, transplants front seedbed and waters permeable, is convenient to be with native lifting, become 30 ~ 40 degree tiltedly to plant with ground young plant or section seedling to bury, transplant young plant 500 ~ 700 strain for every mu, spacing in the rows is 80 ~ 100cm, by soil compaction after transplanting, water normal root water;
(4) apply fertilizer: after young plant is transplanted, suitably use people and animals' liquid dung normal root of 1 ~ 2 dilution, when young plant grows to 25cm, the urea water with 0.3% ~ 0.5% is sprayed, and spray in every 15 days once;
(5) field management: comprise built, shine root, control bud;
Built: the proping when young plant grows to 20 ~ 30cm height;
Shine root: when kudzu grows to about 1.5 meters, prune branch rattan root, select 1 ~ 2 sturdy block to stay, all the other root system blades cut off, dew solarization earthing after 2 ~ 3 days, and earthing is advisable to expose block root head 2 ~ 3cm;
Control bud: prune when kudzu climbs high to 2 meters, extract the bud grown between the lateral bine of less than 1 meter and axil.
2. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises:
Intertill and clean tillage: intertill and clean tillage when kudzu grows to 1 ~ 2 meter, finds that there is many stems plant, should pull out unnecessary stem immediately climing after emerging;
Disease control: seedling stage goes out and Dithane S31 zinc 1000 times of mixed liquors spray stems with bacterium is vertical, to be manured into soil poisoning with 5% phoxim granule or 3% carbofuran Granules in root of kudzu vine vegetative period.
CN201410508419.8A 2014-09-28 2014-09-28 Good-quality and high-yield cultivation method of radix puerariae Pending CN104255261A (en)

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Cited By (9)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105432283A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-03-30 榕江县乔亥村菜葛农民专业合作社 Method for standardly cultivating seedlings of root of kudzu vine
CN105684685A (en) * 2015-12-12 2016-06-22 习水县华泰葛产业农民专业合作社 A pueraria cultivation method
CN106358651A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 绵阳市游仙区玖润葛根专业合作社 Kudzu-vine root planting method
CN106561258A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-04-19 湖北省农业科学院中药材研究所 High-yield raising method for Pueraria thomsonii root apex seedlings
CN106717954A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-31 罗城仫佬族自治县金陆地种养农民专业合作社 A kind of high-yield planting method of the root of kudzu vine
CN107006253A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-04 安徽胜华农业发展有限公司 Imitate wild, nuisanceless root of kudzu vine implantation methods in a kind of crop field
CN107124978A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-09-05 马山县盛世农业发展有限责任公司 The simple implantation methods of elegant jessamine
CN107926580A (en) * 2017-11-12 2018-04-20 贵州省榕江县盛源天然食品开发有限公司 A kind of 2 years pueraria lobata imitating wild planting process
CN108834799A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-20 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 A kind of implantation methods of nature selenium-rich pueraria lobata

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105432283A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-03-30 榕江县乔亥村菜葛农民专业合作社 Method for standardly cultivating seedlings of root of kudzu vine
CN105684685A (en) * 2015-12-12 2016-06-22 习水县华泰葛产业农民专业合作社 A pueraria cultivation method
CN106358651A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 绵阳市游仙区玖润葛根专业合作社 Kudzu-vine root planting method
CN106561258A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-04-19 湖北省农业科学院中药材研究所 High-yield raising method for Pueraria thomsonii root apex seedlings
CN106717954A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-31 罗城仫佬族自治县金陆地种养农民专业合作社 A kind of high-yield planting method of the root of kudzu vine
CN107006253A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-04 安徽胜华农业发展有限公司 Imitate wild, nuisanceless root of kudzu vine implantation methods in a kind of crop field
CN107124978A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-09-05 马山县盛世农业发展有限责任公司 The simple implantation methods of elegant jessamine
CN107926580A (en) * 2017-11-12 2018-04-20 贵州省榕江县盛源天然食品开发有限公司 A kind of 2 years pueraria lobata imitating wild planting process
CN108834799A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-20 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 A kind of implantation methods of nature selenium-rich pueraria lobata

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