CN103960036A - Method for conducting wild tending of Chinese Paris rhizome under trees - Google Patents

Method for conducting wild tending of Chinese Paris rhizome under trees Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103960036A
CN103960036A CN201410227996.XA CN201410227996A CN103960036A CN 103960036 A CN103960036 A CN 103960036A CN 201410227996 A CN201410227996 A CN 201410227996A CN 103960036 A CN103960036 A CN 103960036A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
mass fraction
paris polyphylla
wild
fertilizer
fermentation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410227996.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103960036B (en
Inventor
周先治
陈敏健
唐建阳
周大顺
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Strait (Xiamen) Modern Agricultural Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
STRAIT (XIAMEN) MODERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by STRAIT (XIAMEN) MODERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd filed Critical STRAIT (XIAMEN) MODERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410227996.XA priority Critical patent/CN103960036B/en
Publication of CN103960036A publication Critical patent/CN103960036A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103960036B publication Critical patent/CN103960036B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for conducting wild tending of Chinese Paris rhizome under trees. The method is based on the planting principle of in-situ conversion, nearby development, wild tending and guaranteeing quality. For wild tending of Chinese Paris rhizome, a special traditional Chinese medicinal material cultivation medium suitable for growth of Chinese Paris rhizome and disease control is selected and applied, and a cultivation method comprising the steps of soil condition improving, land selection and preparation, reproduction, field management, disease and pest control, topping and harvesting is established. When the method for conducting wild tending of Chinese Paris rhizome under trees is used for cultivation of Chinese Paris rhizome, growth of roots and stems of Chinese Paris rhizome can be promoted, the incidence of diseases is reduced, the quality of the roots and the stems is improved, and the harvest yield is increased; the method can be used as a standard cultivation method for wild tending of Chinese Paris rhizome and has good development prospect.

Description

A kind of wild Tending methods of sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla
Technical field
The invention belongs to traditional Chinese medicine field of planting, be specifically related to a kind of wild Tending methods of sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla.
Background technology
China's Paris polyphylla ( paris polyphylla Smithvar. chinensis (Franch.) Hara) be commonly called as paris polyphylla, for Paris Liliaceae herbaceos perennial, be used as medicine with rhizome, cold nature, bitter, slightly poisonous, there is the effects such as clearing heat and detoxicating, swelling and pain relieving, airing arresting convulsion, be mainly distributed in the provinces such as Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangdong.China's Paris polyphylla is perennial herb, real is that rhizome is perennial, cauline leaf 1 year falls seedling, have the advantages that during Wintering Period is long, vegetative growth phase is shorter, reproductive stage is grown, in the general 11 months first year, fall after seedling and enter and survive the winter the last ten-days period, sprout to March in next year, January, bolting was bloomed from platform leaf dish, nourish and grow and only have the time of 1 month, from May bloom to October seed maturity reproductive stage reach 5 wheat harvesting periods, the emphasis that essence is nourished and grown is the growth of rhizome through the overall process of growing.China's Paris polyphylla happiness temperature, happiness is unrestrained, happiness covers, but also cold-resistant, drought-enduring, fear frost and sunlight, suitable to 600~1500 meters of height above sea level, 13~18 DEG C of average annual temperature, the sand organic, humus content is higher and loam plantation, be advisable with sylvan life river bank, limes marginis, the plantation of He Beiyin mountain, small stream limit especially.Due to arbitrarily excavating for many years, make wild Paris polyphylla resource face exhaustion.The natural survival rate that employing traditional planting technology is planted magnificent Paris polyphylla is in 20% left and right, and disease hazard is very serious, particularly rhabditis axei rhabditissp. the stem rot causing has seriously limited output and the quality of magnificent Paris polyphylla.Therefore carrying out wild the fostering for Devoting Major Efforts To Developing Paris polyphylla plant resources tool of magnificent Paris polyphylla is of great significance.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wild Tending methods of sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla, is the planting principle according to " protection on the spot, exploitation nearby, wildly foster, ensure the quality of products ", and foundation a set of is applicable to the method that wild Paris chinensis Franch is planted.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
The wild Tending methods of sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla, is the wild planting for magnificent Paris polyphylla, and foundation a set of comprises soil condition, the whole ground of selection of land, breeding, field management, the extermination of disease and insect pest, the cultivation method of plucking top, gathering.
Specifically comprise the following steps:
1. soil condition: select quality loose, moisture capacity, Evening Tide ground, blub soil, detritus ground or sandy loam that water inlet property is strong;
2. the whole ground of selection of land: select the shorter back of the body at sunshine ground, shady gentle slope or level land mixing in woods or bamboo grove, cleaning deadwood leaf, rejects the upper overstocked branches and leaves of tree simultaneously or lay sunshade net, makes to enter the time of infertility luminosity and maintains 40%~50%;
After land clearing, plough deeply, the degree of depth is 25~30 cm comprehensively, and then every mu of ground spreads 50~75 kg lime and carries out soil disinfection and acid-base value adjustment, makes the pH value of soil between 6.5-6.8; Again ground levelling is done to furrow, furrow face width 120 cm, furrow width 30 cm, ditch depth 25 cm; Mei Mu application of mixed fertilizers 1500~2000 kg are as base fertilizer, and traditional Chinese medicine plantation substrate 300~500 kg are spread fertilizer over the fields on surface, then drag for operculum colpi fertilizer, and shallow hoe 1 time makes plow layer loam even, flatten whole carefully waiting and plant;
The fertile chicken manure humic acid organic fertilizer with wood decay fungi rod and fermentation maturity of described mixing in mass ratio 1:1 mixing makes; Described wood decay fungi rod is that weedtree is cultivated to the waste mushroom stick after bacterium mushroom, removes plastic sack, broken rear use; In described chicken manure humic acid organic fertilizer, organic shared mass fraction is 40-60%, and the shared mass fraction of total nutrient is 6-20%;
The preparation method of described traditional Chinese medicine plantation substrate is:
1) get the waste mushroom stick after weedtree cultivation wood decay fungi, remove plastic sack, after fragmentation as strain raw material; Add brown sugar, 3-10% wheat bran, 2-8% corn flour, 1-7% carbonic hydroammonium, the 3-15% superphosphate of strain raw material weight 0.5-3%, after stirring in agitator as bacterial classification compound material; The former powder of Trichoderma spore alive is fully mixed by weight 1:1000-1500 with bacterial classification compound material, cover fermentation with white plastic sealed by film and within 15-20 days, obtain the female kind of bacterial classification;
Living bacteria count>=10 of Trichoderma in the former powder of described Trichoderma spore alive 9cfu/g;
The condition of described fermentation is: pH value 7-8, CO 2concentration is 0.5%, and cultivation temperature is 20-28 DEG C, humidity 65-70%;
2) separately get the waste mushroom stick after weedtree cultivation wood decay fungi, remove plastic sack, broken rear and superphosphate 100-200:1 mixing and stirring by weight, obtains compound; Plant and compound 1:100-250 mixing and stirring by weight female the bacterial classification after fermentation,, pile fermentation 20-30 days airtight with plastic foil, obtain fermentation substrate for subsequent use again;
3) in fermentation substrate, add dimethomorph mancozeb, amino acid SODm solution, mix, making amino acid concentration in matrix is 100-200g/L, and MnZn total amount is 20-40g/L, and the mass fraction of SODm is 2-10%; Add again matrix volume 300-600 doubly, the mass fraction mould cellulose solution of spring flower bud that is 4%, or matrix volume 400-800 doubly, the mass fraction carbendazim solution that is 50%, or matrix volume 500-800 doubly, the mass fraction thiophanate-methyl solution that is 70%, mix rear adjustment water content of substrate at 25-30%, to obtain final product.
3. breeding: mainly adopt Propagation of Rhizomes method to breed;
Propagation of Rhizomes: excavate stalwartness, rhizome without insect pest in autumn, winter, be placed in shady and cool dry place sand storage, in 2 months next year, take out the last ten-days period, will be cut into segment with the rhizome of the residual stem of bud, bud trace, 1 bud trace is with in every section of guarantee; Cut the rear special nutritional rhzomorph of using and soak 5~7 min, after taking-up drains, dries, mix ash; Root segment is planted in the nonirrigated farmland at water source or ground, vegetable garden and turned in whole good seedbed and cover film, after within 11~20 days, root segment is taken root and sprouted, transplant plantation in early April by seeding row spacing 25 × 30 cm.
4. field management: comprise intertill and clean tillage and fertilising;
China's Paris polyphylla growth requires loosing soil, when acrial part growing way is weak, will pay special attention to weed with a hoe; General late May to early June, heavy rain was many, and soil easily hardens, and now wants timely draining, prevention waterlogging, diligent intertillage, shallow plowing;
Described fertilising is to early December in late November, after topsoil is intertilled once gently, select fine day, between two row seedlings, executing mass fraction by every mu is 45% composite fertilizer 15~25 kg, above composite fertilizer, cover chicken manure humic acid organic fertilizer 500~800 kg of fermentation, then cover the thin earth of one deck in the above; After spring, seedling all sprouted, execute the farmyard manure that becomes thoroughly decomposed 1~2 time, each 300~500 kg, spray 2-3 time with foliage fertilizer, dimethomorph mancozeb, amino acid SODm solution afterwards, seedling passes topsoil before and after the beginning of spring, in the time of height of seedling 2~3 cm every mu to impose in time mass fraction be 45% composite fertilizer 10~15 kg;
In described composite fertilizer, the weight ratio of N, P, K is 15:15:15.
5. the extermination of disease and insect pest:
1) black spot: black spot disease, from blade tip or phyllopodium, produces the sick class of circle or subcircular, and disease spreads to floral axis sometimes, forms leaf withered withered with stem, should note holding in both hands water hydrofuge in planting process, reduces air humidity, alleviates morbidity; Prophylactico-therapeutic measures: their early stage sprays 300~500 times of liquid of octicin solution aqua that mass fraction is 1%, or mass fraction 1500~2000 times of liquid of thiophanate-methyl suspending agent that are 50%, or mass fraction is 1000~1500 times of liquid of 50% iprodione wetting powder, interval 5-7 days, sprays 2-3 time;
2) anthracnose: their early stage, spray 1500 times of liquid of prochloraz-manganese chloride complex wetting powder that 1500-2000 times of liquid of 10% generation high-moisture powder or mass fraction are 50%, or the mass fraction 1000 times of liquid of thiophanate methyl wetting powder that are 70%, interval 5-7 days, sprays 2-3 time;
3) stem rot: this sick seedbed phase mostly occurs, high temperature and humidity harm is even more serious, first produces yellowish-brown scab at basal part of stem, and after scab expands, blade tip dehydration is sagging, and when serious, seedling is fallen in stem foot web rot; Prophylactico-therapeutic measures: before transplanting, the phoxim granule that is 5% by mass fraction mixes by weight 1:100 with water, spreads fertilizer over the fields in seedbed; After transplantation of seedlings, the abamectin emulsifiable concentrate 800-1000 times liquid irrigating root that 1000 times of liquid of fenaminosulf wetting powder that their early stage is 95% with mass fraction or mass fraction are 5%, or to spread fertilizer over the fields mass fraction by 20-30kg/ mu be 98% the fine granule of must speed going out; While being in a bad way, need reject disease seedling, 3-4 days spray medicines 1 time;
4) chafer: chafer endangers blade with adult, stings food rhizome with larva, affects Paris polyphylla growth; Prophylactico-therapeutic measures: while making moisture in the soil, every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields mass fraction is that 5% phoxim granule 1.5~2 kg prevent and treat wholely; Be put in moisture in the soil face with fresh vegetable foliar spray chlorophos and trap and kill larva and adult, or trap and kill adult night with trapping lamp.
6. pluck top: in mid or late October, when plant vegetative growth finishes, the plant of not reserving seed for planting is retained sepal, extracts ovary, ensure that organic substance shifts to rhizome; After sprouting out, new talent also Lao Ye, Huang Ye to be extractd, to reduce nutrient consumption.
7. gather: the wild magnificent Paris polyphylla of can gathering after 4 years to 4 years half of fostering, collecting season, with the best in autumn, is excavated rhizome, removes cauline leaf and fibrous root, cleans, and naturally dries in the shade or 60 DEG C of oven for drying.
remarkable advantage of the present invention is:
(1) the present invention is before seedling strain is transplanted, use traditional Chinese medicine plantation substrate to spray seedbed, not only can promote seedling strain growth, also can suppress by the Ant agonism of Trichoderma in matrix growth, the breeding of pathogen, reduce disease, traditional Chinese medicine output and quality are provided.
(2) adopt the wild Tending methods of sylvan life of the present invention to plant, can make magnificent Paris polyphylla seedling replanting survival rate be brought up to more than 85% by 20% present left and right; China's Paris polyphylla maturing stage shifts to an earlier date 1-2, and output increases more than 40%; Carry out quality testing by the measuring method Paris polyphylla medicinal material to China of " Chinese pharmacopoeia " 2010 editions, it is 2.93% that the present invention cultivates total saponin content in the magnificent Paris polyphylla obtaining, and improves nearly 50% than total saponin content in city's sales to China Paris polyphylla medicinal material.
(3) utilize the wild Tending methods of sylvan life of the present invention Paris polyphylla to China to carry out that sylvan life is wild fosters, can save and be close to exhausted magnificent Paris polyphylla resource, realize forestry three-dimensional economical, promote Increase Income of Peasant Households; The magnificent Paris polyphylla root yield that cultivation obtains is high, and stay in grade, can be used as the wild standardized cultivation method of fostering of magnificent Paris polyphylla, has good DEVELOPMENT PROSPECT.
Embodiment
The wild Tending methods of sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla, is the wild planting for magnificent Paris polyphylla, and foundation a set of comprises soil condition, the whole ground of selection of land, breeding, field management, the extermination of disease and insect pest, the cultivation method of plucking top, gathering.
Specifically comprise the following steps:
1. soil condition: select quality loose, moisture capacity, Evening Tide ground, blub soil, detritus ground or sandy loam that water inlet property is strong;
2. the whole ground of selection of land: select the shorter back of the body at sunshine ground, shady gentle slope or level land mixing in woods or bamboo grove, cleaning deadwood leaf, rejects the upper overstocked branches and leaves of tree simultaneously or lay sunshade net, makes to enter the time of infertility luminosity and maintains 40%~50%;
After land clearing, plough deeply, the degree of depth is 25~30 cm comprehensively, and then every mu of ground spreads 50~75 kg lime and carries out soil disinfection and acid-base value adjustment, makes the pH value of soil between 6.5-6.8; Again ground levelling is done to furrow, furrow face width 120 cm, furrow width 30 cm, ditch depth 25 cm; Mei Mu application of mixed fertilizers 1500~2000 kg are as base fertilizer, and traditional Chinese medicine plantation substrate 300~500 kg are spread fertilizer over the fields on surface, then drag for operculum colpi fertilizer, and shallow hoe 1 time makes plow layer loam even, flatten whole carefully waiting and plant;
The fertile chicken manure humic acid organic fertilizer with wood decay fungi rod and fermentation maturity of described mixing in mass ratio 1:1 mixing makes; Described wood decay fungi rod is that weedtree is cultivated to the waste mushroom stick after bacterium mushroom, removes plastic sack, broken rear use; In described chicken manure humic acid organic fertilizer, organic shared mass fraction is 40-60%, and the shared mass fraction of total nutrient is 6-20%;
The preparation method of described traditional Chinese medicine plantation substrate is:
1) get the waste mushroom stick after weedtree cultivation wood decay fungi, remove plastic sack, after fragmentation as strain raw material; Add brown sugar, 3-10% wheat bran, 2-8% corn flour, 1-7% carbonic hydroammonium, the 3-15% superphosphate of strain raw material weight 0.5-3%, after stirring in agitator as bacterial classification compound material; The former powder of Trichoderma spore alive is fully mixed by weight 1:1000-1500 with bacterial classification compound material, cover fermentation with white plastic sealed by film and within 15-20 days, obtain the female kind of bacterial classification;
Living bacteria count>=10 of Trichoderma in the former powder of described Trichoderma spore alive 9cfu/g;
The condition of described fermentation is: pH value 7-8, CO 2concentration is 0.5%, and cultivation temperature is 20-28 DEG C, humidity 65-70%;
2) separately get the waste mushroom stick after weedtree cultivation wood decay fungi, remove plastic sack, broken rear and superphosphate 100-200:1 mixing and stirring by weight, obtains compound; Plant and compound 1:100-250 mixing and stirring by weight female the bacterial classification after fermentation,, pile fermentation 20-30 days airtight with plastic foil, obtain fermentation substrate for subsequent use again;
3) in fermentation substrate, add dimethomorph mancozeb, amino acid SODm solution, mix, making amino acid concentration in matrix is 100-200g/L, and MnZn total amount is 20-40g/L, and the mass fraction that contains SODm is 2-10%; Add again matrix volume 300-600 doubly, the mass fraction mould cellulose solution of spring flower bud that is 4%, or matrix volume 400-800 doubly, the mass fraction carbendazim solution that is 50%, or matrix volume 500-800 doubly, the mass fraction thiophanate-methyl solution that is 70%, mix rear adjustment water content of substrate at 25-30%, to obtain final product.
3. breeding: mainly adopt Propagation of Rhizomes method to breed;
Propagation of Rhizomes: excavate stalwartness, rhizome without insect pest in autumn, winter, be placed in shady and cool dry place sand storage, in 2 months next year, take out the last ten-days period, will be cut into segment with the rhizome of the residual stem of bud, bud trace, 1 bud trace is with in every section of guarantee; Cut the rear special nutritional rhzomorph of using and soak 5~7 min, after taking-up drains, dries, mix ash; Root segment is planted in the nonirrigated farmland at water source or ground, vegetable garden and turned in whole good seedbed and cover film, after within 11~20 days, root segment is taken root and sprouted, transplant plantation in early April by seeding row spacing 25 × 30 cm.
4. field management: comprise intertill and clean tillage and fertilising;
China's Paris polyphylla growth requires loosing soil, when acrial part growing way is weak, will pay special attention to weed with a hoe; General late May to early June, heavy rain was many, and soil easily hardens, and now wants timely draining, prevention waterlogging, diligent intertillage, shallow plowing;
Described fertilising is to early December in late November, after topsoil is intertilled once gently, select fine day, between two row seedlings, executing mass fraction by every mu is 45% composite fertilizer 15~25 kg, above composite fertilizer, cover chicken manure humic acid organic fertilizer 500~800 kg of fermentation, then cover the thin earth of one deck in the above; After spring, seedling all sprouted, execute the farmyard manure that becomes thoroughly decomposed 1~2 time, each 300~500 kg, spray 2-3 time with foliage fertilizer, dimethomorph mancozeb, amino acid SODm solution afterwards, seedling passes topsoil before and after the beginning of spring, in the time of height of seedling 2~3 cm every mu to impose in time mass fraction be 45% composite fertilizer 10~15 kg;
In described composite fertilizer, the weight ratio of N, P, K is 15:15:15.
5. the extermination of disease and insect pest:
1) black spot: black spot disease, from blade tip or phyllopodium, produces the sick class of circle or subcircular, and disease spreads to floral axis sometimes, forms leaf withered withered with stem, should note holding in both hands water hydrofuge in planting process, reduces air humidity, alleviates morbidity; Prophylactico-therapeutic measures: their early stage sprays 300~500 times of liquid of octicin solution aqua that mass fraction is 1%, or mass fraction 1500~2000 times of liquid of thiophanate-methyl suspending agent that are 50%, or mass fraction is 1000~1500 times of liquid of 50% iprodione wetting powder, interval 5-7 days, sprays 2-3 time;
2) anthracnose: their early stage, spray 1500 times of liquid of prochloraz-manganese chloride complex wetting powder that 1500-2000 times of liquid of 10% generation high-moisture powder or mass fraction are 50%, or the mass fraction 1000 times of liquid of thiophanate methyl wetting powder that are 70%, interval 5-7 days, sprays 2-3 time;
3) stem rot: this sick seedbed phase mostly occurs, high temperature and humidity harm is even more serious, first produces yellowish-brown scab at basal part of stem, and after scab expands, blade tip dehydration is sagging, and when serious, seedling is fallen in stem foot web rot; Prophylactico-therapeutic measures: before transplanting, the phoxim granule that is 5% by mass fraction mixes by weight 1:100 with water, spreads fertilizer over the fields in seedbed; After transplantation of seedlings, the abamectin emulsifiable concentrate 800-1000 times liquid irrigating root that 1000 times of liquid of fenaminosulf wetting powder that their early stage is 95% with mass fraction or mass fraction are 5%, or to spread fertilizer over the fields mass fraction by 20-30kg/ mu be 98% the fine granule of must speed going out; While being in a bad way, need reject disease seedling, 3-4 days spray medicines 1 time;
4) chafer: chafer endangers blade with adult, stings food rhizome with larva, affects Paris polyphylla growth; Prophylactico-therapeutic measures: while making moisture in the soil, every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields mass fraction is that 5% phoxim granule 1.5~2 kg prevent and treat wholely; Be put in moisture in the soil face with fresh vegetable foliar spray chlorophos and trap and kill larva and adult, or trap and kill adult night with trapping lamp.
6. pluck top: in mid or late October, when plant vegetative growth finishes, the plant of not reserving seed for planting is retained sepal, extracts ovary, ensure that organic substance shifts to rhizome; After sprouting out, new talent also Lao Ye, Huang Ye to be extractd, to reduce nutrient consumption.
7. gather: the wild magnificent Paris polyphylla of can gathering after 4 years to 4 years half of fostering, collecting season, with the best in autumn, is excavated rhizome, removes cauline leaf and fibrous root, cleans, and naturally dries in the shade or 60 DEG C of oven for drying.
Adopt the wild Tending methods of sylvan life of the present invention to plant, magnificent Paris polyphylla seedling replanting survival rate can reach more than 85%, and the maturing stage shifts to an earlier date 1-2, and output increases more than 40%; Carry out quality testing by the measuring method Paris polyphylla medicinal material to China of " Chinese pharmacopoeia " 2010 editions, it is 2.93% that the present invention cultivates total saponin content in the magnificent Paris polyphylla obtaining, and improves nearly 50% than the total saponin content of city's sales to China Paris polyphylla medicinal material.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, all equalizations of doing according to the present patent application the scope of the claims change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the wild Tending methods of the sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla, is characterized in that: for the wild planting of magnificent Paris polyphylla, foundation a set of comprises soil condition, the whole ground of selection of land, breeding, field management, the extermination of disease and insect pest, the cultivation method of plucking top, gathering.
2. the wild Tending methods of the sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla according to claim 1, is characterized in that: soil condition selects quality loose, moisture capacity, Evening Tide ground that water inlet property is strong, blub soil, detritus or sandy loam.
3. the wild Tending methods of the sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: height above sea level 600-1500m mix woods or bamboo grove in select the shorter back of the body at sunshine ground, shady gentle slope or level land, cleaning deadwood leaf, reject the upper overstocked branches and leaves of tree simultaneously or lay sunshade net, making to enter the time of infertility luminosity and maintain 40%~50%;
After land clearing, plough deeply, the degree of depth is 25~30 cm comprehensively, and then every mu of ground spreads 50~75 kg lime and carries out soil disinfection and acid-base value adjustment, makes the pH value of soil between 6.5-6.8; Again ground levelling is done to furrow, furrow face width 120 cm, furrow width 30 cm, ditch depth 25 cm; Mei Mu application of mixed fertilizers 1500~2000 kg are as base fertilizer, and traditional Chinese medicine plantation substrate 300~500 kg are spread fertilizer over the fields on surface, then drag for operculum colpi fertilizer, and shallow hoe 1 time makes plow layer loam even, flatten whole carefully waiting and plant.
4. the wild Tending methods of magnificent Paris polyphylla according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described mix the fertile chicken manure humic acid organic fertilizer with wood decay fungi rod and fermentation maturity in mass ratio 1:1 mixing make; Described wood decay fungi rod is that weedtree is cultivated to the waste mushroom stick after bacterium mushroom, removes plastic sack, broken rear use; In described chicken manure humic acid organic fertilizer, organic shared mass fraction is 40-60%, and the shared mass fraction of total nutrient is 6-20%;
The preparation method of described traditional Chinese medicine plantation substrate is:
1) get the waste mushroom stick after weedtree cultivation wood decay fungi, remove plastic sack, after fragmentation as strain raw material; Add brown sugar, 3-10% wheat bran, 2-8% corn flour, 1-7% carbonic hydroammonium, the 3-15% superphosphate of strain raw material weight 0.5-3%, after stirring in agitator as bacterial classification compound material; The former powder of Trichoderma spore alive is fully mixed by weight 1:1000-1500 with bacterial classification compound material, cover fermentation with white plastic sealed by film and within 15-20 days, obtain the female kind of bacterial classification;
Living bacteria count>=10 of Trichoderma in the former powder of described Trichoderma spore alive 9cfu/g;
The condition of described fermentation is: pH value 7-8, CO 2concentration is 0.5%, and cultivation temperature is 20-28 DEG C, humidity 65-70%;
2) separately get the waste mushroom stick after weedtree cultivation wood decay fungi, remove plastic sack, broken rear and superphosphate 100-200:1 mixing and stirring by weight, obtains compound; Plant and compound 1:100-250 mixing and stirring by weight female the bacterial classification after fermentation,, pile fermentation 20-30 days airtight with plastic foil, obtain fermentation substrate for subsequent use again;
3) in fermentation substrate, add dimethomorph mancozeb, amino acid SODm solution, mix, making amino acid concentration in matrix is 100-200g/L, and MnZn total amount is 20-40g/L, SODm 'smass fraction is 2-10%; Add again matrix volume 300-600 doubly, the mass fraction mould cellulose solution of spring flower bud that is 4%, or matrix volume 400-800 doubly, the mass fraction carbendazim solution that is 50%, or matrix volume 500-800 doubly, the mass fraction thiophanate-methyl solution that is 70%, mix rear adjustment water content of substrate at 25-30%, to obtain final product.
5. the wild Tending methods of the sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla according to claim 1, is characterized in that: mainly adopt Propagation of Rhizomes method to breed.
6. the wild Tending methods of the sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described Propagation of Rhizomes is to excavate stalwartness, rhizome without insect pest in autumn, winter, be placed in shady and cool dry place sand storage, in 2 months next year, the last ten-days period take out, to be cut into segment with the rhizome of the residual stem of bud, bud trace, 1 bud trace is with in every section of guarantee; Cut the rear special nutritional rhzomorph of using and soak 5~7 min, after taking-up drains, dries, mix ash; Root segment is planted in the nonirrigated farmland at water source or ground, vegetable garden and turned in whole good seedbed and cover film, after within 11~20 days, root segment is taken root and sprouted, transplant plantation in early April by seeding row spacing 25 × 30 cm.
7. the wild Tending methods of the sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described field management comprises intertill and clean tillage and fertilising; Described fertilising is to early December in late November, after topsoil is intertilled once gently, select fine day, between two row seedlings, executing mass fraction by every mu is 45% composite fertilizer 15~25 kg, above composite fertilizer, cover chicken manure humic acid organic fertilizer 500~800 kg of fermentation, then cover the thin earth of one deck in the above; After spring, seedling all sprouted, execute the farmyard manure that becomes thoroughly decomposed 1~2 time, each 300~500 kg, spray 2-3 time with foliage fertilizer, dimethomorph mancozeb, amino acid SODm solution afterwards, seedling passes topsoil before and after the beginning of spring, in the time of height of seedling 2~3 cm every mu to impose in time mass fraction be 45% composite fertilizer 10~15 kg;
In described composite fertilizer, the weight ratio of N, P, K is 15:15:15.
8. the wild Tending methods of the sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described extermination of disease and insect pest comprises:
1) black spot: their early stage sprays 300~500 times of liquid of octicin solution aqua that mass fraction is 1%, or mass fraction 1500~2000 times of liquid of thiophanate-methyl suspending agent that are 50%, or mass fraction is 1000~1500 times of liquid of 50% iprodione wetting powder, interval 5-7 days, sprays 2-3 time;
2) anthracnose: their early stage, spray 1500 times of liquid of prochloraz-manganese chloride complex wetting powder that 1500-2000 times of liquid of 10% generation high-moisture powder or mass fraction are 50%, or the mass fraction 1000 times of liquid of thiophanate methyl wetting powder that are 70%, interval 5-7 days, sprays 2-3 time;
3) stem rot: before transplanting, the phoxim granule that is 5% by mass fraction mixes by weight 1:100 with water, spreads fertilizer over the fields in seedbed; After transplantation of seedlings, the abamectin emulsifiable concentrate 800-1000 times liquid irrigating root that 1000 times of liquid of fenaminosulf wetting powder that their early stage is 95% with mass fraction or mass fraction are 5%, or to spread fertilizer over the fields mass fraction by 20-30kg/ mu be 98% the fine granule of must speed going out; While being in a bad way, need reject disease seedling, 3-4 days spray medicines 1 time;
4) chafer: while making moisture in the soil, every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields mass fraction is that 5% phoxim granule 1.5~2 kg prevent and treat wholely; Be put in moisture in the soil face with fresh vegetable foliar spray chlorophos and trap and kill larva and adult, or trap and kill adult night with trapping lamp.
9. the wild Tending methods of the sylvan life of magnificent Paris polyphylla according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in to pluck top be in mid or late October, when plant vegetative growth finishes, the plant of not reserving seed for planting is retained sepal, extracts ovary, ensure that organic substance shifts to rhizome; After sprouting out, new talent also Lao Ye, Huang Ye to be extractd, to reduce nutrient consumption.
CN201410227996.XA 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 A kind of sylvan life natural cultivation method of magnificent Paris polyphylla Active CN103960036B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410227996.XA CN103960036B (en) 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 A kind of sylvan life natural cultivation method of magnificent Paris polyphylla

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410227996.XA CN103960036B (en) 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 A kind of sylvan life natural cultivation method of magnificent Paris polyphylla

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103960036A true CN103960036A (en) 2014-08-06
CN103960036B CN103960036B (en) 2015-08-26

Family

ID=51230451

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410227996.XA Active CN103960036B (en) 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 A kind of sylvan life natural cultivation method of magnificent Paris polyphylla

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103960036B (en)

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104272967A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-14 陆川县大鹏现代农业发展有限公司 High-yield cultivation method of paris polyphylla
CN104488652A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-04-08 湖南省森林植物园 Method for cultivating Paris polyphylla by using grape forest lands
CN104488643A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-04-08 湖南省森林植物园 Method for cultivating Paris polyphylla through walnut forest lands
CN104521531A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-04-22 湖南省森林植物园 Method for culturing paris polyphylla through kiwi fruit woodland
CN104871933A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-02 云南农业大学 Method for cultivating organic Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis under Pinus armandii forest
CN104969742A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-14 怀化医学高等专科学校 Rapid propagation method for cutting rhizomes of Paris polyphylla with high power
CN105230286A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-13 金寨县绿野中药材专业合作社 Method for planting Paris polyphylla
CN105294225A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-02-03 王婧 Special organic bio-fertilizer for Paris polyphylla
CN105284364A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-02-03 易门元源林农产品开发有限公司 Planting method for amyloid Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
CN105474978A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-04-13 周海 Method for cultivating organic paris polyphylla in bamboo forest
CN105993465A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 澜沧澎勃生物药业有限公司 In-forest interplanting method for polygonatum kingianum
CN105993464A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 澜沧澎勃生物药业有限公司 Method for wild-imitating planting of high-stalk polyphylla rhizoma paridis
CN106258301A (en) * 2016-07-22 2017-01-04 临沧道地中药材种植科技有限公司 A kind of underwood planting method of Rhizoma Paridis
CN107141049A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-09-08 彝良全威农林生物科技开发有限公司 One kind plantation Paris polyphylla bio-organic fertilizer special and preparation method thereof
CN107873449A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-04-06 重庆市中药研究院 A kind of breeding method of polygerm panax japonicus seedling
CN108207528A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-06-29 亳州学院 The wild Paris polyphylla seedling management method in Dabie Mountain
CN108605757A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-02 永德县溢康生物科技有限责任公司 A kind of asexual reproduction method of paris polyphylla
CN110012773A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-07-16 国家林业和草原局竹子研究开发中心 A kind of cultural method of moso bamboo forest interplanting paris polyphylla
CN110547166A (en) * 2019-10-14 2019-12-10 福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所 method for root-limiting cultivation of polygonatum cyrtonema under high-gradient forest

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2177220C1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2001-12-27 Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт гидротехники и мелиорации им. А.Н. Костякова Ginseng cultivation method
CN102498895A (en) * 2011-11-09 2012-06-20 湖北清大中药饮片有限公司 Standard planting method for paris polyphylla
CN102870564A (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-01-16 四川农业大学 Fast efficient propagation method of Paris polyphylla
CN103798016A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-05-21 金寨县天鹅山茶叶专业合作社 Ecological cultivation method for paris polyphylla

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2177220C1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2001-12-27 Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт гидротехники и мелиорации им. А.Н. Костякова Ginseng cultivation method
CN102498895A (en) * 2011-11-09 2012-06-20 湖北清大中药饮片有限公司 Standard planting method for paris polyphylla
CN102870564A (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-01-16 四川农业大学 Fast efficient propagation method of Paris polyphylla
CN103798016A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-05-21 金寨县天鹅山茶叶专业合作社 Ecological cultivation method for paris polyphylla

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
梅中青等: "七叶一枝花野生变人工栽培的技术研究", 《中国中药杂志》, vol. 29, no. 12, 31 December 2004 (2004-12-31), pages 1213 - 1214 *
詹晓如等: "野生七叶一枝花移栽技术研究", 《江西中医学院学报》, vol. 19, no. 3, 30 June 2007 (2007-06-30), pages 53 *

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104272967A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-14 陆川县大鹏现代农业发展有限公司 High-yield cultivation method of paris polyphylla
CN104488643B (en) * 2015-01-08 2017-03-08 湖南省森林植物园 A kind of method that utilization walnut forest land cultivates Rhizoma Paridis
CN104488652A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-04-08 湖南省森林植物园 Method for cultivating Paris polyphylla by using grape forest lands
CN104488643A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-04-08 湖南省森林植物园 Method for cultivating Paris polyphylla through walnut forest lands
CN104521531A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-04-22 湖南省森林植物园 Method for culturing paris polyphylla through kiwi fruit woodland
CN104969742A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-14 怀化医学高等专科学校 Rapid propagation method for cutting rhizomes of Paris polyphylla with high power
CN104871933A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-02 云南农业大学 Method for cultivating organic Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis under Pinus armandii forest
CN105230286A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-13 金寨县绿野中药材专业合作社 Method for planting Paris polyphylla
CN105284364A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-02-03 易门元源林农产品开发有限公司 Planting method for amyloid Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
CN105294225A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-02-03 王婧 Special organic bio-fertilizer for Paris polyphylla
CN105474978A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-04-13 周海 Method for cultivating organic paris polyphylla in bamboo forest
CN105993464A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 澜沧澎勃生物药业有限公司 Method for wild-imitating planting of high-stalk polyphylla rhizoma paridis
CN105993465A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 澜沧澎勃生物药业有限公司 In-forest interplanting method for polygonatum kingianum
CN106258301A (en) * 2016-07-22 2017-01-04 临沧道地中药材种植科技有限公司 A kind of underwood planting method of Rhizoma Paridis
CN106258301B (en) * 2016-07-22 2019-06-18 临沧道地中药材种植科技有限公司 A kind of underwood planting method of paris polyphylla
CN107141049A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-09-08 彝良全威农林生物科技开发有限公司 One kind plantation Paris polyphylla bio-organic fertilizer special and preparation method thereof
CN107873449A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-04-06 重庆市中药研究院 A kind of breeding method of polygerm panax japonicus seedling
CN108207528A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-06-29 亳州学院 The wild Paris polyphylla seedling management method in Dabie Mountain
CN108605757A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-02 永德县溢康生物科技有限责任公司 A kind of asexual reproduction method of paris polyphylla
CN110012773A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-07-16 国家林业和草原局竹子研究开发中心 A kind of cultural method of moso bamboo forest interplanting paris polyphylla
CN110547166A (en) * 2019-10-14 2019-12-10 福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所 method for root-limiting cultivation of polygonatum cyrtonema under high-gradient forest

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103960036B (en) 2015-08-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103960036B (en) A kind of sylvan life natural cultivation method of magnificent Paris polyphylla
CN103828679A (en) High-quality and high-yield walnut cultivation method
CN104541900A (en) Planting method of peas
CN103460941A (en) Method for cultivating semi-annual high-rosin pinus massoniana lamb seedlings in nutrient bags
CN103283461A (en) Wild imitation technique of sealwort
CN104756730A (en) Selenium enrichment camellia oleifera tree interplanting method
CN105123178A (en) Plantation method for pseudo-ginseng under trees
CN104686156A (en) Interplanting method of selenium-rich tea
CN104756715A (en) Method for cultivating hypericum attenuatum choisy
CN104686166A (en) Method for cultivation of camellia oleifera trees in improved farmland
CN104686165A (en) New method for improving cultivation of selenium-enriched tea leaves
CN101904293B (en) Sacsaoul seedling cultural method under production condition of construction agriculture
CN104686173A (en) Method for jointly planting osmunda and loquat in farmland
CN104686159A (en) Method for planting selenium-rich vegetable and fruit in farmland
CN104692943A (en) Selenium-rich soil fertilizer for planting selenium-enriched vegetables
CN100579359C (en) Method for artificial breeding and planting rauvolfia vomitoria afzel
CN104541648B (en) A kind of method of hillside fields improvement plantation vegetables and fruits
CN106069030A (en) The method cultivating Rhizoma Coptidis under peach tree
CN104686161A (en) Method for cultivating selenium-enriched tea leaves in farmland
CN104718945A (en) Method for cultivating selenium-rich vegetables in improved farmland
CN104686167A (en) Method for achieving united interplanting of tea-oil trees in farmland
CN104686163A (en) Novel selenium-rich tea cultivation method capable of preventing pest and disease disasters
CN104686154A (en) Method for modifying slope fields and planting selenium-rich vegetable and fruit
CN104541916A (en) Method for planting vegetables and fruits in improved sloping fields
CN104756689A (en) High-yield combined planting method of selenium-enriched loquats and vegetables

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20140918

Address after: Jinan District of Fuzhou City, Fujian province 350013 Fuzhou new Pu Dang village

Applicant after: Tang Jianyang

Applicant after: Zhou Xianzhi

Applicant after: Chen Minjian

Applicant after: Strait (Xiamen) Modern Agricultural Research Institute Co., Ltd.

Address before: The Lake District of Xiamen City, Fujian province 361006 Xiamen torch hi tech Zone torch torch Park Road 1, Torch Hotel, South Building Room 118

Applicant before: Strait (Xiamen) Modern Agricultural Research Institute Co., Ltd.

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 361006 XIAMEN, FUJIAN PROVINCE TO: 350013 FUZHOU, FUJIAN PROVINCE

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: TANG JIANYANG

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: STRAITS (XIAMEN) ACADEMY OF MODERN AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20140918

Owner name: ZHOU XIANZHI CHEN MINJIAN STRAITS (XIAMEN) ACADEMY

Effective date: 20140918

C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant