CN104381004A - Method for inter-relay cropping of wheat, spinaches, peas and autumn beans - Google Patents

Method for inter-relay cropping of wheat, spinaches, peas and autumn beans Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104381004A
CN104381004A CN201410764266.3A CN201410764266A CN104381004A CN 104381004 A CN104381004 A CN 104381004A CN 201410764266 A CN201410764266 A CN 201410764266A CN 104381004 A CN104381004 A CN 104381004A
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China
Prior art keywords
wheat
pea
peas
harvested
crops
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CN201410764266.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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王克夫
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王克夫
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Priority to CN201410764266.3A priority Critical patent/CN104381004A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for the inter-relay cropping of wheat, spinaches, peas and autumn beans. (1) cropping arrangement: wheat is seeded in the first third of October, and is harvested in the first third of June; spinaches are seeded in the first third of October, are harvested in December to the first third of February; peas are seeded in the mid-to-late February, green peas with pods are harvested in the first third of May, and mature peas are harvested in the last third of June; after wheat and peas are harvested, beans are directly seeded in land, and are harvested from August to the end of September. (2) Cultivation key points: wheat: wheat varieties adapted to local soil properties are selected; spinaches: the spinaches are seeded simultaneously with wheat in reserved rows; peas: peas are seeded when 20cm surface soil temperature is stabilized to be higher than 0 DEG C, and seedlings are timely thinned; autumn beans: after wheat and peas are harvested, the land is timely cultivated, upturned soil is timely sunned, the soil is prepared, ridged, finely raked and leveled 4 to 5 days before seeding, the land is furrowed according to the width of 1.1 meters, beans are dibbled in furrows in the middle and last thirds of June, are covered with 3cm fine soil, and are harvested at the end of September, and plants are uprooted to prepare for the seeding of wheat. The method has the advantages that land resources are fully utilized, the multiple cropping index is increased, and the total annual output is improved.

Description

The method of one grow wheat spinach pea autumn fresh kidney beans intercropping and interplanting kind
Technical field
The present invention relates to agriculture field, particularly relate to a kind of method of intercropping and interplanting kind.
Background technology
Cry intercropping generally the sowing of several crop same time, what different times was sowed cries interplanting.
Plot is a farmer according to the width ratio plantation of certain row, spacing in the rows and occupation of land is several, cries intercropping.
Intercropping is the Conventional wisdom of China peasant, is a well stimulation agriculturally.
Interplanting (relay cropping): between the plant in front plant growth later stage in season sowing or transplant after season crop planting patterns, also cry interplanting, string plant.Contrast nonoculture it periodically can not only make full use of space, the more important thing is the utilization of the season of growth that can extend rear season crop, raise the multiple-cropping index, raising gross annual output amount.It is the planting patterns of a kind of intensive utilization time.
General intercropping is stated together, does not do careful differentiation.Interplant the difference maximum with intercropping and be that the former is very short for the symbiosis phase of crop, be generally no more than the half in the interplanting crops time of infertility, and the symbiosis phase of interculture at least accounts for the half in the time of infertility of a kind of crop.Interplanting stresses intensive utilization photo-thermal water resource in time, and intercropping stresses spatially intensive utilization photo-thermal water resource.Interplanting can use the size of cropping index comparative effectiveness, and intercropping uses Land Equivalent Ratio to calculate the size of benefit.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide one to raise the multiple-cropping index, and improves the method for the wheat spinach pea autumn fresh kidney beans intercropping and interplanting kind of gross annual output amount.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above by the following technical solutions: the method for a grow wheat spinach pea autumn fresh kidney beans intercropping and interplanting kind, comprises the following aspects:
(1) crops for rotation arrangement
Wheat was sowed in early October, and early June gathers in the crops; Spinach was sowed in early October, and December-early Febuary gathers in the crops; Pea was sowed in mid or late Febuary, (results band pod green pea)-late June (the gathering in the crops aging pea) the first tenday period of a month in May; After wheat, pea results, live fresh kidney beans are in land for growing field crops, August-gather in the crops by the end of September;
(2) Cultural technique
Wheat: select the general wheat breed being adapted to local soil property;
Spinach: sow the same period with wheat in reserved row in early October.December to gather listing according to market, or with wheat straw, beans grass covering and heat insulating, in New Year's Day and listing in the Spring Festival;
Pea: mid or late Febuary is stabilized in that 0 DEG C of degree is above to be sowed, timely thinning when 20cm shows soil temperature, and every mu is stayed seedling 2-3 ten thousand strain, the higher then slightly thin planting of fertility level, otherwise then slightly dense planting;
Autumn fresh kidney beans: wheat, after pea results, sun the earth which has been ploughed up in timely arable land, 4-5 field whole ground bedding before sowing, fresh kidney beans energy fixed nitrogen, base manure is with phosphorus, potash fertilizer is main, every mu of barnyard manure 2500-3000 kilogram executing to become thoroughly decomposed, superphosphate 50 kilograms, composite fertilizer 30 kilograms, the thin leveling of rake, land for growing field crops is according to 1.1 meters of wide trench diggings, be made into furrow face width 80 centimetres, the flat furrow of height of high 15-20 centimetre, in mid or late June program request furrow, the every drill seeding two row, water sufficient moisture, cover fine earth 3cm, early stage, temperature was high, note watering water for cooling, but moisture is unsuitable too many, otherwise easily cause steep length, gather in the crops complete uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested by the end of September and prepare grow wheat.
Optimize, described pea takes drilling or program request, distance between rows and hills 15-30cm × 10-15cm.
Optimize, described autumn fresh kidney beans capable cave distance 55-60 × 25-30 centimetre, every cave 3-4 grain.
The invention has the advantages that: utilize land resources fully, raise the multiple-cropping index, improve gross annual output amount.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with instantiation, the present invention is described in detail; should understand; embodiment is only for illustration of the present invention, instead of for limiting the present invention, any amendment, equivalent replacement etc. made on basis of the present invention is all in protection scope of the present invention.
The method of one grow wheat spinach pea autumn fresh kidney beans intercropping and interplanting kind, comprises the following aspects:
(1) crops for rotation arrangement
Wheat was sowed in early October, and early June gathers in the crops; Spinach was sowed in early October, and December-early Febuary gathers in the crops; Pea was sowed in mid or late Febuary, (results band pod green pea)-late June (the gathering in the crops aging pea) the first tenday period of a month in May; After wheat, pea results, live fresh kidney beans are in land for growing field crops, August-gather in the crops by the end of September;
(2) Cultural technique
Wheat: select the general wheat breed being adapted to local soil property;
Spinach: sow the same period with wheat in reserved row in early October.December to gather listing according to market, or with wheat straw, beans grass covering and heat insulating, in New Year's Day and listing in the Spring Festival;
Pea: mid or late Febuary is stabilized in that 0 DEG C of degree is above to be sowed, timely thinning when 20cm shows soil temperature, and every mu is stayed seedling 2-3 ten thousand strain, the higher then slightly thin planting of fertility level, otherwise then slightly dense planting;
Autumn fresh kidney beans: wheat, after pea results, sun the earth which has been ploughed up in timely arable land, 4-5 field whole ground bedding before sowing, fresh kidney beans energy fixed nitrogen, base manure is with phosphorus, potash fertilizer is main, every mu of barnyard manure 2500-3000 kilogram executing to become thoroughly decomposed, superphosphate 50 kilograms, composite fertilizer 30 kilograms, the thin leveling of rake, land for growing field crops is according to 1.1 meters of wide trench diggings, be made into furrow face width 80 centimetres, the flat furrow of height of high 15-20 centimetre, in mid or late June program request furrow, the every drill seeding two row, water sufficient moisture, cover fine earth 3cm, early stage, temperature was high, note watering water for cooling, but moisture is unsuitable too many, otherwise easily cause steep length, gather in the crops complete uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested by the end of September and prepare grow wheat.
Optimize, described pea takes drilling or program request, distance between rows and hills 15-30cm × 10-15cm.
Optimize, described autumn fresh kidney beans capable cave distance 55-60 × 25-30 centimetre, every cave 3-4 grain.

Claims (3)

1. the method for a grow wheat spinach pea autumn fresh kidney beans intercropping and interplanting kind, is characterized in that: comprise the following aspects:
(1) crops for rotation arrangement
Wheat was sowed in early October, and early June gathers in the crops; Spinach was sowed in early October, and December-early Febuary gathers in the crops; Pea was sowed in mid or late Febuary, and results band pod green pea-late June the first tenday period of a month in May gathers in the crops aging pea; After wheat, pea results, live fresh kidney beans are in land for growing field crops, August-gather in the crops by the end of September;
(2) Cultural technique
Wheat: select the wheat breed being adapted to local soil property;
Spinach: in early October in reserved row and sowing wheat same period, December to gather listing according to market, or with wheat straw, the careless covering and heat insulating of beans, goes on the market on New Year's Day and the Spring Festival;
Pea: mid or late Febuary is stabilized in the sowing of more than 0 DEG C of degree, timely thinning when 20cm shows soil temperature, and every mu is stayed seedling 2-3 ten thousand strain;
Autumn fresh kidney beans: after wheat, pea results, plough in time and sun the earth which has been ploughed up, 4-5 field whole ground bedding before sowing, every mu of barnyard manure 2500-3000 kilogram executing to become thoroughly decomposed, superphosphate 50 kilograms, composite fertilizer 30 kilograms, the thin leveling of rake, land for growing field crops, according to 1.1 meters of wide trench diggings, is made into the flat furrow of height of furrow face width 80 centimetres, high 15-20 centimetre, in mid or late June program request furrow, the every drill seeding two row, water sufficient moisture, cover fine earth 3cm, gather in the crops complete uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested by the end of September and prepare grow wheat.
2. the method for a grow wheat spinach pea autumn fresh kidney beans intercropping and interplanting kind as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described pea takes drilling or program request, distance between rows and hills 15-30cm × 10-15cm.
3. the method for a grow wheat spinach pea autumn fresh kidney beans intercropping and interplanting kind as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described autumn fresh kidney beans capable cave distance 55-60 × 25-30 centimetre, every cave 3-4 grain.
CN201410764266.3A 2014-12-11 2014-12-11 Method for inter-relay cropping of wheat, spinaches, peas and autumn beans Withdrawn CN104381004A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410764266.3A CN104381004A (en) 2014-12-11 2014-12-11 Method for inter-relay cropping of wheat, spinaches, peas and autumn beans

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410764266.3A CN104381004A (en) 2014-12-11 2014-12-11 Method for inter-relay cropping of wheat, spinaches, peas and autumn beans

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CN104381004A true CN104381004A (en) 2015-03-04

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104871760A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-09-02 内蒙古自治区农牧业科学院 Planting method for interplanting pea before sowing of sunflower
CN105766488A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-07-20 李家建 Method for utilizing wheat for assisting cowpeas in preventing and treating underground pests during seedling stage
CN106818199A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-06-13 福建农林大学 A kind of crop rotation implantation methods of northern com, fresh kidney beans and winter wheat
CN108055989A (en) * 2018-01-28 2018-05-22 宁夏农林科学院农作物研究所 A kind of high-yield planting method of production of hybrid seeds spinach interplant of bean

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104871760A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-09-02 内蒙古自治区农牧业科学院 Planting method for interplanting pea before sowing of sunflower
CN104871760B (en) * 2015-04-22 2018-05-11 内蒙古自治区农牧业科学院 A kind of sunflower broadcasts the implantation methods of protheca replay pea
CN105766488A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-07-20 李家建 Method for utilizing wheat for assisting cowpeas in preventing and treating underground pests during seedling stage
CN106818199A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-06-13 福建农林大学 A kind of crop rotation implantation methods of northern com, fresh kidney beans and winter wheat
CN108055989A (en) * 2018-01-28 2018-05-22 宁夏农林科学院农作物研究所 A kind of high-yield planting method of production of hybrid seeds spinach interplant of bean

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Application publication date: 20150304