CN109644805A - A kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation - Google Patents

A kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109644805A
CN109644805A CN201910129580.7A CN201910129580A CN109644805A CN 109644805 A CN109644805 A CN 109644805A CN 201910129580 A CN201910129580 A CN 201910129580A CN 109644805 A CN109644805 A CN 109644805A
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China
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root
radix salviae
salviae miltiorrhizae
root segment
segment
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吕海泓
孙黎明
李波
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Wendeng Dadexing Agricultural Products Co Ltd
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Wendeng Dadexing Agricultural Products Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/25Root crops, e.g. potatoes, yams, beet or wasabi
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/10Vegetative propagation by means of cuttings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation, the method for solving the plantation of prior art Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae have limited by territorial environment, root development is poor, survival rate is low, the technical issues of cannot achieve Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae large-scale plantation and of poor quality, low output.The present invention provides a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation, the following steps are included: 1) plant root pre-treatment: first selecting suitable red sage root item, red sage root item is cut into root segment, and after its lower end is mitered into horse ear stubble, upper end vertical cut into the root segment of stump, it will be longitudinally cutting in the end sidewalls of beveling horse ear stubble one end of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment, longitudinal cut is formed in horse ear stubble end sidewalls, the inside depth of longitudinal cut reaches xylem, and Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root just section is made;2) kind root post-processing;3) root sterilization treatment is planted;4) cuttage is planted;5) it harvests.The present invention is widely used in Chinese medicine plant technical field.

Description

A kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese medicine plant technical fields, and in particular to a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation.
Background technique
Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae is the root and rhizome of Lamiaceae Salvia category herbaceous plant Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, is important one of the bulk medicinal materials in China. Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae has effects that nourishing blood and tranquilization, relieving restlessness and restlessness, blood circulation, stasis-dispelling and pain-killing;It can be used for irregular menstruation, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhea, the heart The diseases such as tired egersis, chest and abdomen shouting pain, hepatosplenomegaly and angina pectoris.Modern clinic is being treated coronary heart diseases and angina pectoris, myocardial ischemia, is being resisted Atherosclerosis improves the aspect application of the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases such as microcirculation than wide.
In recent years, for Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae as common bulk medicinal materials, market demand is very big, and the output of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae is mainly wild, so And with the development of Chinese herbal medicine industry, it only has been unable to meet demand by wild Salvia miltiorrhiza supply market, therefore, has solved the problems, such as this Effective ways are exactly the quality that can be carried out large-scale plantation, and can guarantee Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae.How large-scale plantation, and can guarantee The quality of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that being a kind of long-term demand.
It is red rooted salvia main product Anhui, Jiangsu, Shandong and Sichuan etc..Domestic Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae nursery is generally annual 6~8 Month, it sells to digging seedling before the April in next year after the winter of Yu Dangnian, seedling stage lasts 4~10 months, often occurs that seedling is less than normal or the nursery used time Uneconomic problem.
Currently, the Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae of Sichuan Zhong Jiang plantation is best in quality.Sichuan mostly uses root division, is used as the pellet of planting Ginseng generally is all stayed in the ground, with digging with cultivation when plantation.Selection 0.3 centimetre of diameter or so, sturdy color is red, no disease and pests harm it is annual Lateral root is planted in the 2-3 month.It can also the seed selection plant when harvesting November.The root item chosen is converted into the root segment of 4-6 centimeter length when cultivation, Side flanging is planted, and root item is upward, earthing immediately after cultivation.According to production practices, cultivation emergence is done end to end early with root, middle section emergence is slow, because This, plant respectively, be convenient for field management.Female root of lignifying makees planting, and germination is poor, low output, should not use.
Cutting propagation, North China, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces area mostly use cutting propagation.In the 6-7 month, river, Zhejiang take in the 4-5 month in general North China The Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae aerial stem of plant is cut into 10-15 centimetres of segment, wipes out lower blade, and upper blade cuts off 1/2, with cut with insert.It is performing Furrow on, by 20 centimetres of line-spacing, 10 centimetres of spacing in the rows are opened shallow ridges, then by cutting along ditch oblique cutting, cutting bury soil 6 centimetres.After cuttage It watered, shaded.Root long to be regenerated is to 3 centimetres or so, i.e., portable is in field.Also some is straight by the strain item for splitting lower band root Plantation is connect, watering is paid attention to, can also survive.
Numerous plant of seed includes following two: (1) nursery is transplanted: Beijing area carries out drilling March, and 0.3 centimetre of earthing, It waters after broadcasting, covered plastic film keeps ground moistening, emerges within about 15 days or so;It is adopted when seed maturation in June in Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces area It is sowed immediately after receipts, earth backing broadcasts rear cover grass moisturizing to cover seed as degree, transplants in crop field October;(2) it is broadcast live: North China It is sowed mid-April, drilling or bunch planting.The same Split-Root Nutrient Solution Method of bunch planting distance between rows and hills, 5-10, every bunch planting seed;1 centimetre of left side of drilling ditch depth The right side, 0.6-1 centimetres of earthing, 0.5 kilogram of mu application rate or so.Such as arid.It first sprinkles profoundly water before broadcasting and sows again.Broadcasting rear half a month goes out Seedling.Thinning final singling is carried out at 6 centimetres of height of seedling.
Sichuan province mostly uses Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae quality highest after root division, and the natural environment high temperature and humidity area in Sichuan at present Vegetative propagation can be carried out, major part can only pass through seed seedling-raising breeding or root at present by natural environment influence in remaining place After Duan Yumiao breeding, then cuttage plantation is transplanted, it is to lead to Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae yield and matter that such medicinal herb grower's planting technology is simple, extensive management It measures one of the main reason for unstable, and is unfavorable for Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae standardized planting.Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae purposes is wide, curative effect is high, and national demand increases Long some times, supply falls short of demand quickly, therefore Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae is had a sudden rise in social status.The planting technology of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae has only been grasped well, Good product can be produced.
Such as 201410394550.6, the application for a patent for invention of entitled " a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation ", method packet Include: high-quality salvia seeds are chosen in nursery, shine 2-2.5 hours in the sun, by the Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae after immersion filtration sterilization after seed disinfection In 40-50 times of dilution of endogenetic fungus fermentation liquid and distilled water, impregnate 10 hours at normal temperature, using sterile water wash seed, It blots the surface of the seed moisture and is dried, later, seed is fitted into gauze bag, rinsed 2-3 times with clear water, then be placed on room temperature Under sand drift on, the clear water of leaching in each 4 hours, after germination with activated endogenetic fungus co-incubation, with obtain Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae seedling;Cultivation: seedling can be taken out after hardening and is transplanted to crop field;Field management, in due course top dressing;Harvesting.
201310658910.4, the application for a patent for invention of entitled " a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation ", including step (1) propagation material is cultivated, (2) are cultivated, (3) field management and (4) harvest;The step (1) is to educate to salvia seeds Seedling or directly using Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root as provenance;Nursery is carried out the following steps are included: a, seedbed preparation to salvia seeds;B, it sows; C, seedbed management;D, it transplants;Step (2) includes selection of land and site preparation and plantation, and plantation is divided into seedling plantation, root is divided to plant two kinds of sides Formula;Step (3) includes tillage and weeding, top dressing, topping and irrigation and drainage;Step (4) includes seed collecting and material of gathering medicinal herbs, and collecting seed includes harvesting kind Son and adopt root of reserving seed for planting.
The above patented method has that planting density is excessive, and planting density is by influencing single plant root system number and root system Total surface area and influence biological yield.Density is excessive, causes field closing, influences ventilation and penetrating light, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae dysontogenesis from And lead to the underproduction.Seedling raise period is short, and seedling is less than normal, and growth potential is weak, and convalescence is long after cultivation, and being short of seedling, disconnected ridge is serious, and effect is bad;Seedbed Lifting is transplanted to crop field, and seedling hurts root and is completely cured seriously, and convalescence is long after field-transplanting, and survival rate is low, and crop field yield is not high;Nursery Transplant that the used time is longer, and for 18 months, production efficiency is low, the time, photo-thermal, liquid manure, manually using insufficient;Segmentation production work Sequence is more, and management is difficult, and overlapping investment is at high cost, and benefit is low.
And often occur that the disconnected ridge that is short of seedling is serious because seedling poor quality and soil moisture content are bad in Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae transplantation of seedlings production, it produces Measure low problem.It may be said that, although Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae can be transplanted, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae production therebetween slowly, is produced effects low between 2 months November to next year It is micro-.The being completely cured when Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae planted between the October in the first year to the April in next year is because of lifting, water shortage, low temperature have seriously postponed Seedling also reduces emergence rate, and the later period has seriously affected the yield and output value of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae plantation because of the harm of weeds again.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is in order to overcome the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, according to the growth and breeding feature of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, mention It is simple and easy, at low cost for a kind of method, it is not limited by territorial environment, root development is good, high survival rate, it is big that Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae may be implemented Scale plantation, superior in quality, yield significantly improve and the method for stable Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation.
The technical proposal for solving the technical problem of the invention is: a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation, including following Step:
1) it plants root pre-treatment: first selecting suitable red sage root item, red sage root item is cut into root segment, and its lower end is mitered into , will be longitudinally cutting in the end sidewalls of beveling horse ear stubble one end of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment after horse ear stubble, upper end vertical cut are at the root segment of stump, Longitudinal cut is formed in horse ear stubble end sidewalls, the inside depth of longitudinal cut reaches xylem, and Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root just section is made;
2) it kind root post-processing: again with after Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root obtained in kind of root inorganic agent immersion treatment step 1) just section, then dries in the air Dry surface moisture is obtained to kind of a section at the beginning of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root;
3) root sterilization treatment is planted: will be obtained to kind of section at the beginning of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind the root immersion of carbendazim dilution, spray in step 2) After spilling processing, be made sterilization treatment after to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment;
4) cuttage is planted: a cuttage plantation will be carried out to kind of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment after sterilization treatment in step 3), rational close planting, Planting management;
5) it harvests: digging out Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root.
It preferably, is 8-9cm by the length that red sage root item is cut into root segment in step 1);By the beveling horse of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment It is symmetrical longitudinally cutting in the end sidewalls of ear stubble one end, two are formed in horse ear stubble end sidewalls symmetrically and depth is identical vertical To notch, and the inside depth of longitudinal cut is 2-3mm.
Preferably, for low temperature storage should be carried out before not planting after sterilization treatment made from step 3) to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root It deposits, method particularly includes: by kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment, low temperature moisturizing, breathes freely, is interim after sterilization treatment obtained in step 3) It places, obtains to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment.
Preferably, in step 1), in step 2), kind root inorganic agent is Yin fourth methyl α-naphthyl acetate aqueous solution;Carbendazim in step 3) Diluent concentration is that mass fraction is 50% carbendazim solution, 600 times of dilutions.
Preferably, in step 2), kind root inorganic agent immersion treatment is Duan Jinhang first to Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root obtained in step 1) The leaching root processing of Yin fourth methyl α-naphthyl acetate: by Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root obtained in step 1), just section is placed in the Yin fourth naphthalene second that mass fraction is 0.05% It is impregnated 2 hours in aqueous acid.
Preferably, it also needs to carry out the processing of selection of land site preparation to soil before step 4) cuttage plantation:
Select soil layer deep, open-textured loam or sand loam have a moderate climate, illumination is sufficient, with the humid air, Nian Ping Equal temperature is 16-18 DEG C, and average relative humidity is the area of 75-80%, and soil acidity or alkalinity is that neutral, slightly sour, micro- alkali is wherein appointed What is a kind of;
Then it spreads fertilizer over the fields: 1000-2000 kgs/acre of base manure, 88.2 kgs/acre of the ammonium hydrogen carbonate of 17% content, 18% content 50.4 kgs/acre of calcium superphosphate, content 50% 20 kgs/acre of potassium sulfate, after 3 kgs/acre of 3% phoxim particle;
Deep plough 30-40cm again, harrows thin leveling, and ridging covers punching mulch: row spacing 56cm, furrow width 34cm, row spacing 90cm, mulch Drip irrigation pipe is divided into, mulch is placed in the middle by line-spacing 20cm, spacing in the rows 20cm is diagonal, aperture 4.5cm punching, obtains the soil for being suitble to Salvia miltiorrhiza Growth Earth environment.
Preferably, cuttage implantation methods in step 4) are as follows: sterilization treatment is made in step 3) by the ground fenestra center on ridge The horse ear stubble to kind of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment afterwards is downward, stump upwards and the upper end apart from earth's surface 1cm straight cutting enters soil, after reality Blinding 2cm seals ground fenestra, and every hole is colonized one plant, and control planting density is no more than 8000 plants per acre.
Preferably, Planting management includes control water fertilising in step 4): soil moisture content is suitably that soil dry humidity is reasonable, in soil Earth humidity is between 30-40%.
Preferably, Planting management further includes bud management in step 4): inflorescence will be plucked early, frequently be plucked, and extract bud by several times, most It is good to be plucked every 1 week once, it is carried out continuously and removes.
Preferably, in step 5), harvesting: when Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae ground plant stalk switched to by green it is withered and yellow, blade aging easily fall and When soil moisture content is suitable for, fine day is selected to deep-cut out Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
(1) method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment of the invention plantation, according to the growth and breeding feature of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, using root segment end sidewalls On be cut longitudinally to form longitudinal cut, processing stimulate the Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root position Nei Qiao cell division growth, lateral root growth is fast and more, So that Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae can form adventitious root before germination, ensure cuttage survival rate, plant strain growth is healthy and strong, the method is simple and easy, at This is low, limit by territorial environment, root development is good, high survival rate, and Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae large-scale plantation, superior in quality, production may be implemented Amount significantly improves and stablizes.
(2) Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae implantation methods of the invention can make red sage root section asexual after carrying out pre-treatment to Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment Breeding is not limited by Regional environment, and not needing high temperature and humidity environment can be carried out root segment vegetative propagation, is effectively solved The unstable characteristic of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae cross-pollination kind, is not controlled by region.
(3) Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae for the method plantation harvest planted using Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment of the invention is high-quality: root item is big and item number is more, slightly And uniformly, a goods commodity rate accounts for 70% or more, and single plant average weight is 8 liang -1.8 jin;Yield is high: yield increases by 100%, i.e., red Ginseng yield can be improved 1 times or more compared with the Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae yield of the implantation methods of the prior art, and big qualification rate increases 2-5 times, with tradition Per acre less than 3000 jin, per acre output 5000-7000 jins now, yield and quality is significantly improved.And it is several through detection red sage root It is remained without chemical pesticide, it is superior in quality and safe to obtain Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, meets and pursues environmentally protective theory now.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further explained in the light of specific embodiments, to help the contents of the present invention are understood.The present invention Used in method unless otherwise required, be conventional production method;Used raw material is unless otherwise required Conventional commercial product.
Embodiment
A kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation, comprising the following steps:
1) root pre-treatment is planted:
Suitable red sage root item is first selected, being cut to length is 8-9cm, and its lower end is mitered into horse ear stubble, upper end , will be longitudinally cutting on the end two sides side wall of beveling horse ear stubble one end of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment after vertical cut is at the root segment of stump, in horse ear Two symmetrical and identical longitudinal cuts of depth are formed in stubble end sidewalls, the inside depth of longitudinal cut is 2-3mm, and deep After degree reaches xylem, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root just section is made.
2) it kind root post-processing: again with after Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root obtained in kind of root inorganic agent immersion treatment step 1) just section, treats Kind Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root carries out the leaching root processing of Yin fourth methyl α-naphthyl acetate: Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root is placed in the Yin fourth methyl α-naphthyl acetate water that mass fraction is 0.05% It is impregnated 2 hours in solution, then dries surface moisture, obtained to kind of a section at the beginning of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root;
It is the stimulation Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root position Nei Qiao cell point that kind of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root, which is treated, using Yin fourth methyl α-naphthyl acetate leaching root processing intent Schizogenesis is long, and lateral root growth is fast and more, so that Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae can form adventitious root before germination, ensures cuttage survival rate, plant strain growth It is healthy and strong.
3) root sterilization treatment is planted: by the bacterium obtained in step 2) for being more than 50% to kind of section mass concentration at the beginning of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root 600 times of dilutions of clever solution, impregnate, sprinkling processing after, be made sterilization treatment after to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment.
4) to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment, kind of a root low temperature will be used before not cuttage plantation after sterilization treatment obtained in step 3) Banking system: low temperature, moisturizing, ventilative, temporarily placement are obtained to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment.
5) cuttage is planted: by after sterilization treatment obtained in step 3) to storage in kind of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment or step 4) That deposits carries out cuttage plantation, rational close planting, Planting management to kind of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment;
It also needs to carry out the processing of selection of land site preparation to soil before step 5) cuttage plantation, provides optimum for Salvia miltiorrhiza Growth Growing environment, guarantee entire planting process, make Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae that there is suitable growing environment, further lunge Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root development Good, yield is high, and quality is good:
Select soil layer deep, open-textured loam has a moderate climate, illumination is sufficient, with the humid air, and average temperature of the whole year is 17.1 DEG C, the area that average relative humidity is 77%, soil acidity or alkalinity is neutrality;
Then spread fertilizer over the fields 1500 kgs/acre of base manure, 88.2 kgs/acre of the ammonium hydrogen carbonate of 17% content, 18% content cross phosphorus 20 kgs/acre of potassium sulfate, 3 kgs/acre of the 3% phoxim particle of 50.4 kgs/acre of sour calcium, content 50% are Salvia miltiorrhiza Growth Basic N, P, K fertilizer of offer crosses the content that calcium phosphide increases P and Ca, is conducive to nutrient and transmits to crop, and can improve Soil texture is conducive to the growth of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae;
Deep plough 30-40cm, harrows thin leveling, and ridging covers punching mulch: row spacing 56cm, furrow width 34cm, row spacing 90cm;Under mulch If drip irrigation pipe, mulch is placed in the middle by line-spacing 20cm;Spacing in the rows 20cm is diagonal, and 4.5cm punching in aperture obtains the soil for being suitble to Salvia miltiorrhiza Growth Environment.
Planting management: at ridge Shangdi fenestra center that root segment horse ear stubble is downward, stump is upward, and upper end is straight apart from earth's surface 1cm Insertion soil seals fenestra by blinding 2cm after reality, and every hole is colonized one plant, per acre 7404 plants.
It controls water fertilising: carrying out rationally control water using drip irrigation pipe facility according to factors such as weather, soil fertilities and apply fertilizer, soil moisture content is suitable Preferably soil dry humidity is reasonable, in soil moisture between 30-40%.
Bud management: inflorescence will be plucked early, frequently be plucked, and extract bud by several times, preferably plucked every 1 week once, be carried out continuously and remove; Especially late May starts to be carried out plucking flower bud in time according to flower bud growth situation, to promote to increase leaf growth area and red sage root Growth population guarantees the scale of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae plantation and plantation of guaranteeing the quality.
6) harvest: when Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae ground plant stalk switched to by green it is withered and yellow, when blade aging is easily fallen and soil moisture content is suitable for, Selection fine day deep-cuts out Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root.
The method of the Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation of the present embodiment can utilize illumination, soil and liquid manure as far as possible, more steadily plant The excellent Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae of mass is planted, guarantees the scale of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae plantation and plantation of guaranteeing the quality.Through known to farmland planting testing result: using this The Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae of the method plantation harvest of the Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation of invention is high-quality: root item is big and item number is more, slightly and uniformly, goods commodity rate 70% or more is accounted for, single plant average weight is 8 liang -1.8 jin;Yield is high: yield increases by 100%, i.e. Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae yield is compared with the prior art The Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae yield of implantation methods can be improved 1 times or more, big qualification rate increases 2-5 times, with tradition per acre less than 3000 jin, shows At output 5000-7000 jins per acre, yield and quality is significantly improved.And remained through detection red sage root almost without chemical pesticide, It is superior in quality and safe to obtain Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, meets and pursues environmentally protective theory now.
To sum up, the method for Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment of the invention plantation, according to the growth and breeding feature of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, using root segment end side Be cut longitudinally to form longitudinal cut on wall, stimulate the Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root position Nei Qiao cell division growth in processing, lateral root growth it is fast and It is more so that Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae can form adventitious root before germination, ensure cuttage survival rate, plant strain growth is healthy and strong, method is simple and easy, at This is low, limit by territorial environment, root development is good, high survival rate, and Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae large-scale plantation, superior in quality, production may be implemented Amount significantly improves and stablizes.
The above is only in the embodiment of the present invention, such as step (1) by beveling horse ear stubble one end of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment The number that longitudinal cut is cut longitudinally to form in end sidewalls can need to select according to the actual situation;Before 5) cuttage plantation also Soil need to be carried out in selection of land site preparation processing step, select soil layer deep, open-textured loam or sand loam, annual gas Temperature is 16-18 DEG C, and average relative humidity is the area of 75-80%, and soil acidity or alkalinity is neutral, slightly sour, micro- alkali any of them one Kind;Spread fertilizer over the fields 1000-2000 kgs/acre of base manure;In Planting management step, control planting density is no more than 8000 plants per acre, Method to realize Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation of the invention.
Only as described above, only specific embodiments of the present invention, when the model that cannot be limited the present invention with this and implement It encloses, it is all according to equivalent changes and modifications within the scope of the patent application of the present invention, it is all covered by the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation, comprising the following steps:
1) it plants root pre-treatment: first selecting suitable red sage root item, the red sage root item is cut into root segment, and its lower end is mitered into It, will be longitudinal in the end sidewalls of beveling horse ear stubble one end of the Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment after horse ear stubble, upper end vertical cut are at the root segment of stump Cutting, forms longitudinal cut in the horse ear stubble end sidewalls, and the inside depth of the longitudinal cut reaches xylem, is made The first section of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root;
2) kind root post-processing: again with after Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root obtained in kind of root inorganic agent immersion treatment step 1) just section, then table is dried Face moisture is obtained to kind of a section at the beginning of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root;
3) it plants root sterilization treatment: being impregnated obtained in step 2), at sprinkling to kind of section at the beginning of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root carbendazim dilution After reason, be made sterilization treatment after to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment;
4) cuttage is planted: will carry out cuttage plantation, rational close planting, plant to kind of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment after sterilization treatment in step 3) Management;
5) it harvests: digging out Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root.
2. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step 1), by the pellet The length that ginseng root item is cut into root segment is 8-9cm;It will be symmetrical in the end sidewalls of beveling horse ear stubble one end of the Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment It is longitudinally cutting, two symmetrical and identical longitudinal cuts of depth are formed in the horse ear stubble end sidewalls, and the longitudinal direction is cut The inside depth of mouth is 2-3mm.
3. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that obtained for step 3) to go out Treated for bacterium to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root, and low tempertaure storage should be carried out before not planting, method particularly includes: it goes out obtained in step 3) Treated for bacterium to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment, and low temperature, moisturizing, ventilative, temporarily placement are obtained to kind of a Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment.
4. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step 1), in step 2), Described kind of root inorganic agent is Yin fourth methyl α-naphthyl acetate aqueous solution;Carbendazim diluent concentration described in step 3) is that mass fraction is 50% 600 times of dilutions of carbendazim solution.
5. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation according to claim 4, which is characterized in that in step 2), described kind of root Inorganic agent immersion treatment is that Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root obtained in step 1), just section carries out the leaching root processing of Yin fourth methyl α-naphthyl acetate: by step 1) In Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root obtained just section is placed in the Yin fourth methyl α-naphthyl acetate aqueous solution that mass fraction is 0.05% and impregnates 2 hours.
6. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that plant it in step 4) cuttage It is preceding also to need to carry out the processing of selection of land site preparation to soil:
Select soil layer deep, open-textured loam or sand loam have a moderate climate, illumination is sufficient, with the humid air, annual gas Temperature is 16-18 DEG C, and average relative humidity is the area of 75-80%, and soil acidity or alkalinity is neutral, slightly sour, micro- alkali any of them one Kind;
Then spread fertilizer over the fields: 1000-2000 kgs/acre of base manure, 88.2 kgs/acre of the ammonium hydrogen carbonate of 17% content, 18% content mistake 50.4 kgs/acre of calcium phosphate, content 50% 20 kgs/acre of potassium sulfate, after 3 kgs/acre of 3% phoxim particle;
Deep plough 30-40cm again, harrows thin leveling, and ridging covers punching mulch: row spacing 56cm, furrow width 34cm, row spacing 90cm, the mulch Drip irrigation pipe is divided into, the mulch is placed in the middle by line-spacing 20cm, spacing in the rows 20cm is diagonal, aperture 4.5cm punching, obtains being suitble to Salvia miltiorrhiza Growth Soil environment.
7. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation according to claim 6, which is characterized in that cuttage kind described in step 4) Plant method are as follows: the horse ear stubble to kind of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae kind root segment after sterilization treatment is made in step 3) by the ground fenestra center on the ridge Downwards, stump is upwards and the upper end apart from earth's surface 1cm straight cutting enters soil, seals described ground fenestra, every hole by blinding 2cm after reality One plant of field planting, control planting density are no more than 8000 plants per acre.
8. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation according to claim 6, which is characterized in that transplant pipe described in step 4) Reason includes control water fertilising: soil moisture content is suitably that soil dry humidity is reasonable, in soil moisture between 30-40%.
9. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that transplant pipe described in step 4) Reason further includes bud management: inflorescence will be plucked early, frequently be plucked, and extract bud by several times, preferably plucked every 1 week once, be carried out continuously and remove.
10. a kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to adopt in step 5) It receives: when Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae ground plant stalk is switched to by green withered and yellow, when blade aging is easily fallen and soil moisture content is suitable for, fine day being selected to deep-cut Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root out.
CN201910129580.7A 2019-02-21 2019-02-21 A kind of method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae root segment plantation Pending CN109644805A (en)

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