CN104604462A - Cultivation method for honeysuckle - Google Patents

Cultivation method for honeysuckle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104604462A
CN104604462A CN201310541721.9A CN201310541721A CN104604462A CN 104604462 A CN104604462 A CN 104604462A CN 201310541721 A CN201310541721 A CN 201310541721A CN 104604462 A CN104604462 A CN 104604462A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
honeysuckle
branch
centimetres
management
winter
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Pending
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CN201310541721.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩丽娜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Yicheng Honeysuckle Planting Specialized Cooperative
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Tianjin Yicheng Honeysuckle Planting Specialized Cooperative
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by Tianjin Yicheng Honeysuckle Planting Specialized Cooperative filed Critical Tianjin Yicheng Honeysuckle Planting Specialized Cooperative
Priority to CN201310541721.9A priority Critical patent/CN104604462A/en
Publication of CN104604462A publication Critical patent/CN104604462A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to a cultivation method for honeysuckle. The method is characterized by comprising the following concrete steps: step 1, land selection and preparation: a step of selecting land, then deep turning soil over to more than 30 centimeters, smashing soil blocks, and constructing high ridges with a width of 1.3 meters for sowing seedling or cutting seedling; step 2, transplantation: a step of carrying out transplantation before germination in early spring or in the period of dormancy in autumn and winter, wherein on the prepared planting land, holes with both width and depth of 30 to 40 centimeters are dug according to row spacing of 150 centimeters and plant spacing of 120 centimeters, and 5 kg miscellaneous manure is applied to each hole and uniformly mixed with undersoil; and step 3, field management. According to the cultivation method for the honeysuckle provided by the invention, through shaping, pruning and correct fertilizing management, ventilation, light transmission and nutrient absorption of the honeysuckle are benefited, and nutritious components of honeysuckle plants are allowed to be intensively conveyed to branches and leaves where honeysuckle buds grow, thereby greatly enhancing yield and quality of the honeysuckle; meanwhile, the method is also conductive to production of more honeysuckles, facilitates harvesting of the honeysuckle and greatly increases the numbers of branches and clusters of the honeysuckle, so yield per honeysuckle plant is enhanced and economic benefits of honeysuckle planters are increased.

Description

A kind of honeysuckle implantation methods
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of Chinese herbal medicine technology, relate to honeysuckle, especially a kind of honeysuckle implantation methods.
Background technology
Honeysuckle, has another name called honeysuckle, FLOSLONICERAE etc., since ancient times just with medicinal and famous.Generally be used as medicine with unopened bud and rattan leaf, there is the function of clearing heat and detoxicating, loose wind detumescence.Honeysuckle happiness warm and moist, sun-drenched weather, adaptability is very strong, and cold-resistant, drought-enduring, waterlogging, Plain, mountain area all can be cultivated, and requires not tight, barren hillside can be utilized to plant to soil.
The part that in honeysuckle herb, medical value is the highest is gold and silver bud, and common gold and silver bud is generally early June knot flower bud, flower bud phase 7-10 days, when flower-grower does not also have enough time to pluck complete time, bud has just been bloomed, greatly reduce the medical value of honeysuckle, and greatly reduce the economic benefit at plantation family.
Through retrieval, finds one section of document relevant to present patent application content, publication number is the Chinese invention patent of CN103270884A, and which disclose a kind of honeysuckle and cultivate and collecting method, the method comprises wholely, transplants, applies fertilizer, prunes and gathers; Ground is made the furrow that spacing is 1 meter wholely; Transplant according to a line four strain, a furrow multirow, after pruning, cultivate honeysuckle growth belt; Transplant to enter for the 3rd year honeysuckle and abound with after date, respectively spring young sprout sprout before, budding before, pick flowers after apply fertilizer; Pruning is with behavior unit, overall shaping; In row, heavy pruning between strain, guarantees ventilation and penetrating light, and every furrow form honeysuckle hedge band; Gather and use tea picking machine to gather along honeysuckle hedge band driving machinery, receive and adopt fresh honeysuckle leaf, stem of Flos Lonicerae, honeysuckle mixture, then sorting.The inventive method can make the output of every mu of honeysuckle dried flower reach more than 500kg, improves about 66.7% than conventional method, and the content maintaining honeysuckle chlorogenic acid reaches more than 3.6%, improves the commodity value of honeysuckle.Carry out mechanization by tea picking machine to gather, improve the harvest efficiency of honeysuckle.
Found by contrast, present patent application has relatively big difference with documents in technical scheme.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of method of planting honeysuckle, the method effectively can increase the quantity of spray and flowers, to improve the single plant yield of honeysuckle.
Technical solution of the present invention is achieved in that
A kind of honeysuckle implantation methods, is characterized in that: concrete steps are:
Step one, selection of land wholely, ploughed deeply more than 30 centimetres, soil after ground choosing, are broken up the clods, and leveling rake is thin, uses sufficient base manure, is then made high furrow seeding and seedling raising or the cuttage and seedling culture of wide 1.3 meters;
Step 2, transplant sprout early spring before or resting stage autumn and winter carry out, on whole good planting-site, dig cave by line-spacing 150 centimetres, spacing in the rows 120 centimetres, wide deeply each 30 ~ 40 centimetres, often spread manuer in holes and to mix thoroughly into farmyard manure 5 kilograms and subsoil;
Step 3, field management
(1) the rationalization of rational close planting honeysuckle group structure is by dense planting in early stage, later stage finishing, makes the competition of plant to light warm water gas fertilizer in colony adjust to overall benefit and maximizes, to improve ventilation and penetrating light and the water and fertilizer utilization of colony;
(2) after intertill and clean tillage transplant survival, annual intertill and clean tillage 3 ~ 4 times;
(3) topdress after sprouting annual early spring and after flower bud of at every turn picking flowers, all should carry out topdressing for 1 time;
(4) after pruning transplant survival, strong strain 1 strain is only stayed in every cave, when being trained the upright undershrub of umbrella room shape if prune (5) the row irrigation florescence meets dry weather or excessive rainfall, all can cause a large amount of fallen flowers, macerate flower, children's flower such as to break at the phenomenon;
(5) overwinter management is before ground is freeze-up, and crouch flat for old branch on the ground, add a cover wormwood 6 ~ 7 cm thick, grass covers earth again, just energy safe overwintering, spring next year removes covering before sprouting.
And, described 3rd step field management (2) intertill and clean tillage, the 1st time when spring, rudiment sent young leaves; 2nd time in June; 3rd time in 7 ~ August; The 4th was carried out in the time of the year when autumn changes into winter; Also should earth up, in order to surviving the winter in plant rhizosphere after intertill and clean tillage.
And during (3) described 3rd step field management topdresses, spring, summer use the people and animals' liquid dung or the nitrogenous fertilizer such as ammonium sulfate, urea that become thoroughly decomposed, in strain other open shallow ridges remove into, execute rear earthing lid fertile; Winter, every pier executed decomposed dung or 5 ~ 10 kilograms, compost, 100 grams, ammonium sulfate, superphosphate 200 grams, and around flower pier, open loop shape ditch applies, and executed rear earth mulch fertilizer and earthed up, thick 5 centimetres.
And described 3rd step field management is (4) in pruning, the method for concrete pruning:
Uprightly sturdy trunk is mainly cultivated in 1 ~ 2 year after cultivation, when trunk height is at 30 ~ 40 centimetres, cut off the top tip, promote that sprouting of lateral bud becomes branch, after green sprouting in the 2nd year, to select and remain on trunk top 4 ~ 5, sturdy branch, as major branch, point two-layer raw, in the winter time, from the one-level branch that major branch grows, retain 5 ~ 6 pairs of buds, cut off top; After, then from the second branch that a fraction skill grows, retain 6 ~ 7 pairs of buds, cut off top, then from the spray that second branch grows, pluck the tender tip hooking shape shape.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect are:
The present invention is by sizing, pruning and correct fertilizing management, be conducive to the ventilation and penetrating light of honeysuckle and absorb nutrition, the nutrient component of honeysuckle plant is made to concentrate the branches and leaves towards growth bud to carry, substantially increase the seed output and quality of honeysuckle like this, also be conducive to fecund flower simultaneously, be easy to flower of gathering, greatly increase the quantity of spray and flowers, to improve the single plant yield of honeysuckle, add the economic benefit at plantation family.
Embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, and following examples are descriptive, is not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
A kind of honeysuckle implantation methods, concrete steps are:
Step one, selection of land wholely, select that the soil is porous, fertile, well-drained sandy loam and irrigate place that is convenient, that have water source.Plough deeply more than 30 centimetres, soil after ground choosing, break up the clods, leveling rake is thin, uses sufficient base manure.Then high furrow seeding and seedling raising or the cuttage and seedling culture of wide 1.3 meters is made.
Step 2, transplant in early spring sprout before or resting stage autumn and winter carry out.On whole good planting-site, dig cave by line-spacing 150 centimetres, spacing in the rows 120 centimetres, wide deeply each 30 ~ 40 centimetres, often spread manuer in holes and to mix thoroughly into farmyard manure 5 kilograms and subsoil.Then, every cave plants strain in strong sprout 1, fills out fine earth compression, having peace of mind, irrigates normal root water.After surviving, by pruning, the rattan that makes to crawl forms the stunted brushwood of upright individual plant.Increase branch, expand tree crown, become 1 year 3 ~ 4 batches from 1 year 1 batch of receipts flower.Output can be increased substantially.
The field management of step 3, reinforcement honeysuckle is the key link of high yield.Field planting management generally comprises reasonable arrangement group structure, intertill and clean tillage, fertilizing, watering and the extermination of disease and insect pest etc.The related content of the aspects such as the intertill and clean tillage of dense planting in early stage, trimming and finishing and routine and fertilizing, watering, applies when field management for the producer.
1. the rationalization of rational close planting honeysuckle group structure is generally by dense planting in early stage, later stage finishing, make the competition of plant to light warm water gas fertilizer in colony adjust to overall benefit to maximize, to improve ventilation and penetrating light and the water and fertilizer utilization of colony, realize Plant population structure and density rationalization.Rational close planting generally refers to the rational close planting in early stage.
2. after intertill and clean tillage transplant survival, annual intertill and clean tillage 3 ~ 4 times.1st time when spring, rudiment sent young leaves; 2nd time in June; 3rd time in 7 ~ August; The 4th was carried out in the time of the year when autumn changes into winter.Also should earth up, in order to surviving the winter in plant rhizosphere after intertill and clean tillage.During intertillage, should be shallow around plant rhizosphere, at a distance can be slightly dark, avoid hindering root, otherwise affect the growth of plant root.After 3rd year, depending on weed growth situation, can suitably reduce intertill and clean tillage number of times.
3. topdress after sprouting annual early spring and after flower bud of at every turn picking flowers, all should carry out topdressing for 1 time.Spring, summer use the people and animals' liquid dung or the nitrogenous fertilizer such as ammonium sulfate, urea that become thoroughly decomposed, in strain other open shallow ridges remove into, execute rear earthing lid fertile; Winter, every pier executed decomposed dung or 5 ~ 10 kilograms, compost, 100 grams, ammonium sulfate, superphosphate 200 grams, and around flower pier, open loop shape ditch applies, and executed rear earth mulch fertilizer and earthed up, thick 5 centimetres.
4. after pruning transplant survival, strong strain 1 strain is only stayed in every cave, prunes and is trained the upright undershrub of umbrella room shape.The method of concrete pruning: mainly cultivate uprightly sturdy trunk in 1 ~ 2 year after cultivation.When trunk height is at 30 ~ 40 centimetres, cut off the top tip, promote that sprouting of lateral bud becomes branch.After green sprouting in 2nd year, 4 ~ 5, sturdy branch of selecting and remain on trunk top, as major branch, point two-layer raw.In the winter time, from the one-level branch that major branch grows, retain 5 ~ 6 pairs of buds, cut off top.After, then from the second branch that a fraction skill grows, retain 6 ~ 7 pairs of buds, cut off top.Again from the spray that second branch grows, pluck the tender tip hooking shape shape.As there is no this tender tip, then do not extract.Sprouting the sprout that the joint is close and short, leaf is thin in second branch or on original presbyopic branch after generally spring has set in is all sprays, should retain.By pruning, honeysuckle just from original be wound around growth change into branch thinly scattered, be evenly distributed, the sturdy upright umbrella room shape shrub shape flower pier of ventilation and penetrating light, trunk.Can develop into the characteristic of spray because honeysuckle has newborn branch then, by above-mentioned trimming measure, can promote multiple shoot, multiform becomes bud, thus reaches the object of volume increase.The annual winter cuts and carries out before freeze-up after the Frost's Descent, also should wipe out withered old branch, sick branch, thin and delicate branch, intersect and upset tree-like long shoot etc., makes nutrient concentrate on pumping shoot and form bud.After picking flowers at every batch, carry out summer pruning equally.After each pruning, all should topdress 1 time.
5. phenomenons such as when if the row irrigation florescence meets dry weather or excessive rainfall, all can causing a large amount of fallen flowers, macerate flower, children's flower breaks.Therefore, irrigation and water drainage work to be carried out in time.
6, overwinter management honeysuckle can overwintering in China's most area, but cold district plantation honeysuckle will be noted protecting old branch to survive the winter in Jilin etc.If old branch is freezed to death, next year retransmits shoot, blooms few, yields poorly.Concrete grammar is before ground is freeze-up, and crouch flat for old branch on the ground, add a cover wormwood 6 ~ 7 cm thick, grass covers earth again, just energy safe overwintering, spring next year removes covering before sprouting.
Within 3rd year, receive fresh flower flower bud 7760kg, average every strain per unit area yield 5.8kg, and the honeysuckle adopting conventional method to plant the 3rd year single plant yield only 4.5kg; Within 4th year, receive fresh flower flower bud 17800kg, average single plant yield is 13.8kg, and the honeysuckle adopting conventional method to plant the 4th year every strain output is only 8.5kg, and compared with common species method for planting, the output of honeysuckle improves greatly.
It is emphasized that; embodiment of the present invention is illustrative; instead of it is determinate; therefore the present invention includes the embodiment be not limited to described in embodiment; every other embodiments drawn by those skilled in the art's technical scheme according to the present invention, belong to the scope of protection of the invention equally.

Claims (4)

1. a honeysuckle implantation methods, is characterized in that: concrete steps are:
Step one, selection of land wholely, ploughed deeply more than 30 centimetres, soil after ground choosing, are broken up the clods, and leveling rake is thin, uses sufficient base manure, is then made high furrow seeding and seedling raising or the cuttage and seedling culture of wide 1.3 meters;
Step 2, transplant sprout early spring before or resting stage autumn and winter carry out, on whole good planting-site, dig cave by line-spacing 150 centimetres, spacing in the rows 120 centimetres, wide deeply each 30 ~ 40 centimetres, often spread manuer in holes and to mix thoroughly into farmyard manure 5 kilograms and subsoil;
Step 3, field management
(1) the rationalization of rational close planting honeysuckle group structure is by dense planting in early stage, later stage finishing, makes the competition of plant to light warm water gas fertilizer in colony adjust to overall benefit and maximizes, to improve ventilation and penetrating light and the water and fertilizer utilization of colony;
(2) after intertill and clean tillage transplant survival, annual intertill and clean tillage 3 ~ 4 times;
(3) topdress after sprouting annual early spring and after flower bud of at every turn picking flowers, all should carry out topdressing for 1 time;
(4) after pruning transplant survival, strong strain 1 strain is only stayed in every cave, when being trained the upright undershrub of umbrella room shape if prune (5) the row irrigation florescence meets dry weather or excessive rainfall, all can cause a large amount of fallen flowers, macerate flower, children's flower such as to break at the phenomenon;
(5) overwinter management is before ground is freeze-up, and crouch flat for old branch on the ground, add a cover wormwood 6 ~ 7 cm thick, grass covers earth again, just energy safe overwintering, spring next year removes covering before sprouting.
2. honeysuckle implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described 3rd step field management (2) intertill and clean tillage, and the 1st time when spring, rudiment sent young leaves; 2nd time in June; 3rd time in 7 ~ August; The 4th was carried out in the time of the year when autumn changes into winter; Also should earth up, in order to surviving the winter in plant rhizosphere after intertill and clean tillage.
3. honeysuckle implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that: during (3) described 3rd step field management topdresses, and spring, summer use the people and animals' liquid dung or the nitrogenous fertilizer such as ammonium sulfate, urea that become thoroughly decomposed, in strain other open shallow ridges remove into, execute rear earthing lid fertile; Winter, every pier executed decomposed dung or 5 ~ 10 kilograms, compost, 100 grams, ammonium sulfate, superphosphate 200 grams, and around flower pier, open loop shape ditch applies, and executed rear earth mulch fertilizer and earthed up, thick 5 centimetres.
4. honeysuckle implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described 3rd step field management is (4) in pruning, the method for concrete pruning:
Uprightly sturdy trunk is mainly cultivated in 1 ~ 2 year after cultivation, when trunk height is at 30 ~ 40 centimetres, cut off the top tip, promote that sprouting of lateral bud becomes branch, after green sprouting in the 2nd year, to select and remain on trunk top 4 ~ 5, sturdy branch, as major branch, point two-layer raw, in the winter time, from the one-level branch that major branch grows, retain 5 ~ 6 pairs of buds, cut off top; After, then from the second branch that a fraction skill grows, retain 6 ~ 7 pairs of buds, cut off top, then from the spray that second branch grows, pluck the tender tip hooking shape shape.
CN201310541721.9A 2013-11-05 2013-11-05 Cultivation method for honeysuckle Pending CN104604462A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105210636A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-06 广西乐业荣丰中药材科技有限责任公司 A kind of wild Flos Lonicerae asexual reproduction method
CN105393890A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-16 贵州省黔康生态科技农业发展有限责任公司 Honeysuckle flower standard cultivation method
CN106069553A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-11-09 贵州省凤冈县洪成金银花茶业有限公司 Flos Lonicerae implantation methods
CN106105716A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-16 全椒县岱山金银花种植专业合作社 Cover a number Flos Lonicerae yield-increasing planting method of gold
CN106550758A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-04-05 绥阳县绥花树型金银花农业发展有限公司 Flos Lonicerae implantation methods
CN106748041A (en) * 2016-12-03 2017-05-31 滁州市剑春园林园艺工程有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of honeysuckle
CN106973687A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-25 阮昌文 A kind of implantation methods of honeysuckle
CN107278602A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-10-24 韦孺聪 A kind of implantation methods of honeysuckle
CN109601371A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-04-12 四川鑫沃康农业有限责任公司 A kind of breed improvement method of honeysuckle
CN110603968A (en) * 2019-09-23 2019-12-24 胥晨 High-yield planting method for bicolor vine

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105210636A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-06 广西乐业荣丰中药材科技有限责任公司 A kind of wild Flos Lonicerae asexual reproduction method
CN105393890A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-16 贵州省黔康生态科技农业发展有限责任公司 Honeysuckle flower standard cultivation method
CN106105716A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-16 全椒县岱山金银花种植专业合作社 Cover a number Flos Lonicerae yield-increasing planting method of gold
CN106069553A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-11-09 贵州省凤冈县洪成金银花茶业有限公司 Flos Lonicerae implantation methods
CN106550758A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-04-05 绥阳县绥花树型金银花农业发展有限公司 Flos Lonicerae implantation methods
CN106748041A (en) * 2016-12-03 2017-05-31 滁州市剑春园林园艺工程有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of honeysuckle
CN106973687A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-25 阮昌文 A kind of implantation methods of honeysuckle
CN107278602A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-10-24 韦孺聪 A kind of implantation methods of honeysuckle
CN109601371A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-04-12 四川鑫沃康农业有限责任公司 A kind of breed improvement method of honeysuckle
CN110603968A (en) * 2019-09-23 2019-12-24 胥晨 High-yield planting method for bicolor vine

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