CN102986509A - Dendrobium officinale cultivation technique using stone - Google Patents

Dendrobium officinale cultivation technique using stone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102986509A
CN102986509A CN2012103804157A CN201210380415A CN102986509A CN 102986509 A CN102986509 A CN 102986509A CN 2012103804157 A CN2012103804157 A CN 2012103804157A CN 201210380415 A CN201210380415 A CN 201210380415A CN 102986509 A CN102986509 A CN 102986509A
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stone
dendrobium candidum
root
dendrobium officinale
stem
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CN2012103804157A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102986509B (en
Inventor
杨世安
李鉴
张定聪
张庆武
孙坚政
张大来
陈永龙
韦世宏
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肥西县农业技术推广中心
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The invention discloses a Dendrobium officinale cultivation technique using stone. The technique comprises the steps of host selection, epiphytic seedling selection and treatment, stone-adhering plantation, plantation management, harvest and the like. In the cultivation process, the Dendrobium officinale substantially does not suffer from diseases and pests, and the use of pesticide is not needed, thus greatly improving the edible safety of the Dendrobium officinale. The input-output ratio of the Dendrobium officinale obtained by the cultivation method is 1.24-1.36 times higher than that of the Dendrobium officinale obtained by other Dendrobium officinale cultivation methods, thus realizing safe and high-efficiency cultivation of Dendrobium officinale, being beneficial to protection of the wild Dendrobium officinale resource which is in danger of extinction, but also promoting the development of enterprises of traditional Chinese medicines with Dendrobium officinale as a raw material, and bringing about good ecological effect, economic benefit and social effect.

Description

A kind of stone of dendrobium candidum is planted technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of stone cultivation technology of dendrobium candidum, belong to field of plant growing technology.
Background technology
Dendrobium candidum is traditional rare Chinese medicine, is considered to since ancient times the treasure of enriching yin help.In Shennong's Herbal before more than 1400 years and the ancient books such as Compendium of Material Medica before more than 400 year, just there is dendrobium candidum to have the record of the effects such as Yin-nourishing and body fluid promoting.Utilize modern medical means to confirm that also dendrobium candidum contains alkaloid and the compositions such as methine stem of noble dendrobium element, stem of noble dendrobium quinone, volatile oil and polysaccharide such as dendrobine, the stem of noble dendrobium time alkali.Dendrobium candidum mainly is distributed in the mountain valley of height above sea level 600-2500m and partly sets on upper or the border rock in the dark and damp woods, and the ecotope of requirement is more special, and the dendrobium candidum fruit-setting rate is low, and seed is difficult for germinateing, and the natural propagation rate is extremely low; Yin Senlin wrecks again, and living environment worsens, and adds long-term the excavating of people, and wild dendrobium candidum resource is more and more rare, and provenance has been faced exhaustion, is in endangered condition.In " Chinese Plants Red Data Book " (publishing in 1991), be listed in endangered species.Therefore the artificial cultivation that develops dendrobium candidum becomes the road of protecting and utilizing the certainty of dendrobium candidum resource.
Summary of the invention
The stone cultivation technology that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of dendrobium candidum; both be conducive to the wild dendrobium candidum protection of resources to disappearance in imminent danger; promote again the development with the traditional Chinese medicine enterprise of dendrobium candidum raw material, can bring good ecological effect, economic benefits and social effect.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of stone of dendrobium candidum is planted technology, may further comprise the steps:
(1) selects attached master
Selectively shady and cool, moist, block faces is adhered to humus soil or the stone ground of moss growth is arranged.
(2) grow nonparasitically upon another plant selection and the processing of seedling
Select life in 1 year or life in 2 years and robust growth, color and luster is light green, sprouting is many, well developed root system, do kind of a strain without the plant of damage by disease and insect, cut off long fibrous root and the old stem more than 3 years, stay 2-3 centimetre, the strain clump is cut, be divided into Xiao Cong, the strain of every Cong Liuyou 3-5 root band base of leaf;
(3) paste the stone plantation
Plantation is chosen in spring, on the stone of choosing, digs out depression by the spacing in the rows of 30-40cm, mix sposh with cow dung and be coated with skim, spray again Chinese herbal medicine fluid one time, immediately plant is filled in stone cave or stone cistern in kind of a root and stem of certain plants place, make every effort to firmly not make to come off get final product, available finger stone is fixed;
(4) Cultivate administration
1. illumination
Generally all under tree shade and shady spot, optimal light intensity is about 5000-10000lux to the dendrobium candidum primitive environment, and planting environment needs appropriate shading, and obscurity is at 60-70%,
2. temperature
The dendrobium candidum optimum growth temperature is 20-32 ℃, and temperature is crossed when hanging down, and should note antifreeze, preferably remain on more than 0 ℃, when temperature was low, bedding one deck straw around was when temperature is too high, take to shade and the measure such as the little spray humidification of lowering the temperature, but will note ventilating in insulation, particularly summer high-temperature weather more will be noted circulation of air, prevent the generation of damage by disease and insect
3. humidity
The humidity of dendrobium candidum plantation should remain on more than 60%, and during rainy weather, humidity reaches more than 90%, should add forced ventilation, prevents that bacillary, fungal disease from occuring,
4. topdress
After new root is sprouted, can begin to spray Liquid Fertilizer, sprayed once in 7-9 days, after 1-2 month, seedling to be grown nonparasitically upon another plant adapts to new environment gradually, when new root has grown 10-12cm, can apply the slow granular fertilizer, helps it to grow up strong and sturdy,
5. water
After the plantation in 1-2 week every day the water of spraying 1-2 time, the maintenance bark is moistening, the dendrobium candidum later stage air humidity of planting is little, the moisturizing of watering of often spraying should be sprayed when watering more, drench less,
6. prune
In conjunction with gather old stem wipe out withered stem clump in when germinateing annual spring, and except preventing or cure a disease stem and the overstocked weak stem of growing, promote the sprouting growth,
7. the extermination of disease and insect pest
The insect pest of dendrobium candidum main diseases is the common anthracnose of orchid, snail, slug etc., and the principle of control is that anti-overweighting controlled, and therefore before also serious damage by disease and insect not occuring, can spray the plant resource biological insecticides per ten days one time;
(5) gather
1-2 can gather after planting, suitable harvest period be after the Beginning of Winter to the Clear and Bright, root stays the long root head of 2-3cm when gathering, and cuts always to stay tenderly, gathers in the crops in order to continue.
Described Chinese herbal medicine fluid is by the raw material of following weight portion: 20-30 part obtusesepal clematis stem and leaf, 10-20 part fruit of a cubeb litsea tree, 20-30 part root of langdu, 20-30 part frutus cnidii, 10-20 part Fructus meliae toosendan, 10-20 part kiss-me, 20-30 part moutan bark, 10-20 part tuber of stemona are made through steps such as pulverizing, soak, filter, be concentrated.
Described Liquid Fertilizer by by the monosodium glutamate waste liquid of the paper-making pulping waste liquid of the ammonium nitrate of the modified phosphate potassium dihydrogen of 40-50%, 20-30%, 10-20% people and animals urine, 5-10%, 5-10%, mix rear dilute with water 300-400 and doubly form, wherein said modified phosphate potassium dihydrogen prepares by the following method: add the nano-sized carbon of 1-2%, the wintergreen of 3-4%, the slag of 5-6%, the silane coupler KH570 of 2-3%, the sldium lauryl sulfate of 0.2-0.3% in potassium dihydrogen phosphate, mix mixing, granulation obtains again again.
Described slow granular fertilizer is the slow released fertilizer that forms with brown coal, attapulgite and humic acid membrane wrapping nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer.
Described plant resource biological insecticides are the raw materials by following weight portion: 10-20 part pull out the black milfoil of chinaroot greenbrier, 10-15 part pepper leaf, 10-15 part Caraway, 10-20 part Celastrus angulatus, 5-10 part China tree, 5-10 part Siberian cocklebur, 10-15 part through decoct, concentrated and make.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
The present invention can greatly reduce the damage by disease and insect of dendrobium candidum by spraying Chinese herbal medicine fluid and plant resource biological insecticides, has purified the growing environment of dendrobium candidum.In the cultivation process of the present invention, dendrobium candidum there is no the generation damage by disease and insect, need not to use agricultural chemicals, has greatly improved the edible safety of dendrobium candidum.The input-output ratio of the inventive method gained dendrobium candidum is compared with the input-output ratio of other officinal dendrobium stem plantation method gained and is exceeded 1.24-1.36 doubly; realized the safe and efficient cultivation of dendrobium candidum; both be conducive to the wild dendrobium candidum protection of resources to disappearance in imminent danger; promote again the development with the traditional Chinese medicine enterprise of dendrobium candidum raw material, can bring good ecological effect, economic benefits and social effect.
Embodiment
Embodiment
A kind of stone of dendrobium candidum is planted technology, may further comprise the steps:
(1) selects attached master
Selectively shady and cool, moist, block faces is adhered to humus soil or the stone ground of moss growth is arranged.
(2) grow nonparasitically upon another plant selection and the processing of seedling
Select life in 2 years and robust growth, color and luster is light green, sprouting is many, well developed root system, do kind of a strain without the plant of damage by disease and insect, cuts off long fibrous root and the old stem more than 3 years, stays 2.5 centimetres, and the strain clump is cut, and is divided into Xiao Cong, the strain of 4 bands of every Cong Liuyou base of leaf;
(3) paste the stone plantation
Plantation is chosen in spring, on the stone of choosing, digs out depression by the spacing in the rows of 30cm, mix sposh with cow dung and be coated with skim, spray again Chinese herbal medicine fluid one time, immediately plant is filled in stone cave or stone cistern in kind of a root and stem of certain plants place, make every effort to firmly not make to come off get final product, available finger stone is fixed;
(4) Cultivate administration
1. illumination
Generally all under tree shade and shady spot, optimal light intensity is about 5000-10000lux to the dendrobium candidum primitive environment, and planting environment needs appropriate shading, and obscurity is at 60-70%,
2. temperature
The dendrobium candidum optimum growth temperature is 20-32 ℃, and temperature is crossed when hanging down, and should note antifreeze, preferably remain on more than 0 ℃, when temperature was low, bedding one deck straw around was when temperature is too high, take to shade and the measure such as the little spray humidification of lowering the temperature, but will note ventilating in insulation, particularly summer high-temperature weather more will be noted circulation of air, prevent the generation of damage by disease and insect
3. humidity
The humidity of dendrobium candidum plantation should remain on more than 60%, and during rainy weather, humidity reaches more than 90%, should add forced ventilation, prevents that bacillary, fungal disease from occuring,
4. topdress
After new root is sprouted, can begin to spray Liquid Fertilizer, sprayed once in 7 days, after 2 months, seedling to be grown nonparasitically upon another plant adapts to new environment gradually, when new root has grown 12cm, can apply the slow granular fertilizer, helps it to grow up strong and sturdy,
5. water
Plant in rear 1 week the water of spraying 2 times every day, keep bark moistening, the dendrobium candidum later stage air humidity of planting is little, and the moisturizing of watering of often spraying should be sprayed when watering more, drench less,
6. prune
In conjunction with gather old stem wipe out withered stem clump in when germinateing annual spring, and except preventing or cure a disease stem and the overstocked weak stem of growing, promote the sprouting growth,
7. the extermination of disease and insect pest
The insect pest of dendrobium candidum main diseases is the common anthracnose of orchid, snail, slug etc., and the principle of control is that anti-overweighting controlled, and therefore before also serious damage by disease and insect not occuring, can spray the plant resource biological insecticides per ten days one time;
(5) gather
Plant and can gather in rear 2 years, suitable harvest period be after the Beginning of Winter to the Clear and Bright, root stays the long root head of 3cm when gathering, cut always stay tender, in order to continue results.
Described Chinese herbal medicine fluid is by the raw material of following weight portion: 24 parts of obtusesepal clematis stem and leafs, 15 portions of fruits of a cubeb litsea tree, 28 parts of roots of langdu, 26 parts of frutus cnidiis, 15 parts of Fructus meliae toosendans, 18 portions of kiss-mes, 20 parts of moutan barks, 15 parts of tubers of stemona are made through steps such as pulverizing, soak, filter, be concentrated.
Described Liquid Fertilizer by by 45% modified phosphate potassium dihydrogen, 25% ammonium nitrate, 15% people and animals urine, 8% paper-making pulping waste liquid, 7% monosodium glutamate waste liquid, mix 300 times of rear dilute with waters and form, wherein, described modified phosphate potassium dihydrogen prepares by the following method: add 1% nano-sized carbon, 3% wintergreen, 5% slag, 2% silane coupler KH570,0.2% sldium lauryl sulfate in potassium dihydrogen phosphate, mix mixing, granulation obtains again again.
Described slow granular fertilizer is the slow released fertilizer that forms with brown coal, attapulgite and humic acid membrane wrapping nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer.
Described plant resource biological insecticides are the raw materials by following weight portion: 16 parts pull out chinaroot greenbrier, 12 parts of pepper leaves, 15 parts of Caraways, 12 parts of Celastrus angulatus, 8 portions of China trees, 10 portions of Siberian cockleburs, 12 parts of black milfoils through decoct, concentrated and make.
Compare with traditional planting technology, the input-output ratio information slip of cultivation method of the present invention is as follows:
By reality plantation contrast proof, utilize the dendrobium candidum input-output ratio of cultivation method gained of the present invention to be better than the traditional cultivation method.Output increased is more than 20%.

Claims (5)

1. the stone of a dendrobium candidum is planted technology, it is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
(1) selects attached master
Selectively shady and cool, moist, block faces is adhered to humus soil or the stone ground of moss growth is arranged;
(2) grow nonparasitically upon another plant selection and the processing of seedling
Select life in 1 year or life in 2 years and robust growth, color and luster is light green, sprouting is many, well developed root system, do kind of a strain without the plant of damage by disease and insect, cut off long fibrous root and the old stem more than 3 years, stay 2-3 centimetre, the strain clump is cut, be divided into Xiao Cong, the strain of every Cong Liuyou 3-5 root band base of leaf;
(3) paste the stone plantation
Plantation is chosen in spring, on the stone of choosing, digs out depression by the spacing in the rows of 30-40cm, mix sposh with cow dung, Chinese medicine slag and be coated with skim, spray again Chinese herbal medicine fluid one time, immediately plant is filled in stone cave or stone cistern in kind of a root and stem of certain plants place, make every effort to firmly not make to come off get final product, available finger stone is fixed;
(4) Cultivate administration
1. illumination
Generally all under tree shade and shady spot, optimal light intensity is about 5000-10000lux to the dendrobium candidum primitive environment, and planting environment needs appropriate shading, and obscurity is at 60-70%,
2. temperature
The dendrobium candidum optimum growth temperature is 20-32 ℃, and temperature is crossed when hanging down, and should note antifreeze, preferably remain on more than 0 ℃, when temperature was low, bedding one deck straw around was when temperature is too high, take to shade and the measure such as the little spray humidification of lowering the temperature, but will note ventilating in insulation, particularly summer high-temperature weather more will be noted circulation of air, prevent the generation of damage by disease and insect
3. humidity
The humidity of dendrobium candidum plantation should remain on more than 60%, and during rainy weather, humidity reaches more than 90%, should add forced ventilation, prevents that bacillary, fungal disease from occuring,
4. topdress
After new root is sprouted, can begin to spray Liquid Fertilizer, sprayed once in 7-9 days, after 1-2 month, seedling to be grown nonparasitically upon another plant adapts to new environment gradually, when new root has grown 10-12cm, can apply the slow granular fertilizer, helps it to grow up strong and sturdy,
5. water
After the plantation in 1-2 week every day the water of spraying 1-2 time, the maintenance bark is moistening, the dendrobium candidum later stage air humidity of planting is little, the moisturizing of watering of often spraying should be sprayed when watering more, drench less,
6. prune
In conjunction with gather old stem wipe out withered stem clump in when germinateing annual spring, and except preventing or cure a disease stem and the overstocked weak stem of growing, promote the sprouting growth,
7. the extermination of disease and insect pest
The insect pest of dendrobium candidum main diseases is the common anthracnose of orchid, snail, slug etc., and the principle of control is that anti-overweighting controlled, and therefore before also serious damage by disease and insect not occuring, can spray the plant resource biological insecticides per ten days one time;
(5) gather
1-2 can gather after planting, suitable harvest period be after the Beginning of Winter to the Clear and Bright, root stays the long root head of 2-3cm when gathering, and cuts always to stay tenderly, gathers in the crops in order to continue.
2. the stone of dendrobium candidum according to claim 1 is planted technology, it is characterized in that described Chinese herbal medicine fluid is by the raw material of following weight portion: 20-30 part obtusesepal clematis stem and leaf, 10-20 part fruit of a cubeb litsea tree, 20-30 part root of langdu, 20-30 part frutus cnidii, 10-20 part Fructus meliae toosendan, 10-20 part kiss-me, 20-30 part moutan bark, 10-20 part tuber of stemona are made through steps such as pulverizing, soak, filter, be concentrated.
3. the stone of dendrobium candidum according to claim 1 is planted technology, it is characterized in that, described Liquid Fertilizer is by the modified phosphate potassium dihydrogen by 40-50%, the ammonium nitrate of 20-30%, 10-20% people and animals urine, the paper-making pulping waste liquid of 5-10%, the monosodium glutamate waste liquid of 5-10%, mixing rear dilute with water 300-400 doubly forms, described modified phosphate potassium dihydrogen prepares by the following method: the nano-sized carbon that adds 1-2% in the potassium dihydrogen phosphate, the wintergreen of 3-4%, the slag of 5-6%, the silane coupler KH570 of 2-3%, the sldium lauryl sulfate of 0.2-0.3%, mix mixing, granulation obtains again again.
4. the stone of dendrobium candidum according to claim 1 is planted technology, it is characterized in that, described slow granular fertilizer is the slow released fertilizer that forms with brown coal, attapulgite and humic acid membrane wrapping nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer.
5. the stone of dendrobium candidum according to claim 1 is planted technology, it is characterized in that described plant resource biological insecticides are the raw materials by following weight portion: 10-20 part pull out the black milfoil of chinaroot greenbrier, 10-15 part pepper leaf, 10-15 part Caraway, 10-20 part Celastrus angulatus, 5-10 part China tree, 5-10 part Siberian cocklebur, 10-15 part through decoct, concentrated and make.
CN201210380415.7A 2012-10-10 2012-10-10 Dendrobium officinale cultivation technique using stone CN102986509B (en)

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CN103314740A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-25 安徽中升生物科技有限公司 Method for planting dendrobium huoshanense seedlings in cottage mode
CN103314738A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-25 安徽中升生物科技有限公司 Dendrobium huoshanense greenhouse planting method
CN103314739A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-25 安徽中升生物科技有限公司 Outdoor dendrobium huoshanense cultivation method
CN103609416A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-03-05 桂平市白石洞天仙山铁皮石斛专业合作社 Planting method for dendrobium officinale
CN103688832A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-04-02 普洱天磊生物科技有限公司 Wild imitation planting method of dendrobium officinale
CN104012271A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-03 彭贵湖 Method for planting dendrobe
CN104054543A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-24 苏州神元生物科技股份有限公司 Winter anti-freezing method for dendrobium officinale
CN104072305A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-10-01 时科生物科技(上海)有限公司 Special bamboo charcoal bio-organic fertilizer for dendrobe and production method for bamboo charcoal bio-organic fertilizer
CN104115733A (en) * 2014-08-07 2014-10-29 深圳市仙湖植物园管理处 Under-forest three-dimensional cultivation method for Dendrobium officinale
CN104823820A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-08-12 浙江农林大学 Cliff cultivation technique of dendrobium nobile
CN104871785A (en) * 2015-05-30 2015-09-02 钟静海 Method for planting brazilwood and alpinia oxyphylla in stony desertification soil
CN105165584A (en) * 2015-10-27 2015-12-23 河池乐康生态农业科技有限公司 Imitation wild cultivation method of dendrobium candidum
CN105638203A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 安徽霍山县草之灵中药材有限公司 Outdoor planting method for dendrobium
CN105638410A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 安徽霍山县草之灵中药材有限公司 Dendrobium mountain planting method
CN105766593A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-20 开县安德农业科技开发有限公司 Nutrient Soil and method for cultivation of Caulis Dendrobii
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CN106359046A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 柳州市泓吉农业科技有限公司 Domestic planting method of dendrobium officinale
CN106376445A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 柳州市泓吉农业科技有限公司 Dendrobium officinale aerial fog culturing method
CN106508643A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-03-22 蔡凤文 Method for cultivating dendrobium candidum on stone mountains
CN107318620A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-11-07 贵州阳润农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of dendrobium candidum
CN107711465A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-02-23 蒋钦辉 A kind of method for growing dendrobium
CN108782203A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-13 湖南省南岳树木园 A method of imitating the wild plantation stem of noble dendrobium
CN108812267A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-16 霍山五桂峡石斛有限公司 A kind of dendrobium nobile non-polluted planting method
CN109601358A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-04-12 江苏苏台航天农业云科技发展有限公司 A kind of plantation bed cultivation method of dendrobium candidum

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