CN103609416A - Planting method for dendrobium officinale - Google Patents

Planting method for dendrobium officinale Download PDF

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CN103609416A
CN103609416A CN201310623199.9A CN201310623199A CN103609416A CN 103609416 A CN103609416 A CN 103609416A CN 201310623199 A CN201310623199 A CN 201310623199A CN 103609416 A CN103609416 A CN 103609416A
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dendrobium candidum
dendrobium
weight
surfactant
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CN201310623199.9A
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CN103609416B (en
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陈光森
陈远江
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桂平市白石洞天仙山铁皮石斛专业合作社
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Abstract

The invention relates to a planting method for dendrobium officinale. According to the planting method for the dendrobium officinale, raw materials such as peat soil, peanut shells, pine brans, pine bark, a small amount of bat excrement are manufactured into powder and are used as a substrate, high-temperature processing is conducted on the substrate at the temperature from 100 DEG C to 110 DEG C, superior varieties of dendrobium on a mountain are collected, sterilization processing is conducted on the varieties of dendrobium, then the varieties of dendrobium are sowed and transferred to a greenhouse after one year, the sunshine-shielding processing, and proper temperature and moisture control are adopted, a pollution-free bactericide is used for preventing the dendrobium officinale from getting the soft rot disease and the black spot disease, and prepared pure natural plant liquid is used as the insecticide, so that the planted dendrobium officinale which is plump, free of pesticides, hormones and chemical medicine pollution and excellent in quality is obtained, and the market requirements are met.

Description

The implantation methods of dendrobium candidum

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods of dendrobium candidum, particularly a kind of method of full ecological technique plantation high-quality dendrobium candidum.

Background technology

In state-owned sentence old saying be called " there is ginseng in north; Nan Youfeng bucket "; described maple bucket; it is curling group's shape particle that stem of Dendrobium is made; the stem of noble dendrobium; particularly dendrobium candidum (Dendrobium candidum wall.ex Lindl.) is the orchid family (Orchidaeae) Dendrobium (Dendrobium) herbaceos perennial; it is China's rare Chinese medicine; it is Chinese Second Class Key Protected Plant; have the laudatory title of " the celestial grass of China ", " gold in medicine "; first of row " Chinese nine immortal grass ", international medicinal plant circle of ,Bei is called “Yao circle giant panda ".The effect such as there is immunological regulation, delay senility.Be not only the essential raw material of familiar " MAILUONING ZHUSHEYE ", or the necessary raw material of tens of kinds of Chinese patent drugs and health products.

In < < Sheng Nong's herbal classic > >, dendrobium candidum is listed in top grade, have nourishing Yin and moistening lung, nourishing the stomach to improve the production of body fluid, the effect such as moisten the lung and relieve the cough.Modern pharmacological research shows, dendrobium candidum also has enhancing immunity, anti-ageing, anticancer, antifatigue, the effect of hemangiectasis.Dendrobium candidum is mainly distributed in the tropical and subtropical region such as China, Thailand, Burma, Vietnam, domestic with Guangxi, Yunnan, Deng Weiyuan main producing region, Guizhou.Because human lives's scope constantly expands, add long-term transition harvesting, existing wild resource has been on the verge of exhaustion, and purchase volume significantly declines.China has forbidden felling for many years, and the market price is significantly raised up.Dendrobium candidum is difficult to meet the need of market because wild resource is exhausted, therefore needs a large amount of artificial cultivations to meet the market demand of continuous expansion.

That wild Dendrodium is grown in is warm, moistening, in few illumination, suitably ventilative, root system breathe freely, draining is good environment from life, need to adhere to trees, precipice seam is climbed raw or is hung growth, the growth of iron sheet is quite harsh to the requirement of environment.Some scientific research institutions of China and business unit constantly explore and test group training and the artificial cultivation technique of orchid dendrobium candidum, obtained certain achievement, but remained at dendrobium candidum transplanting survival rate lowly, growth rate is slow, the subject matters such as output is not high, and active constituent content is low.

People have studied the growth conditions of dendrobium candidum in recent years, and various places plantation dendrobium candidum is greatly developed,

That wild Dendrodium is grown in is warm, moistening, in few illumination, suitably ventilative, root system breathe freely, draining is good environment from life, need to adhere to trees, precipice seam is climbed raw or is hung growth, the growth of iron sheet is quite harsh to the requirement of environment.Some scientific research institutions of China and business unit constantly explore and test group training and the artificial cultivation technique of orchid dendrobium candidum, obtained certain achievement, but remained at dendrobium candidum transplanting survival rate lowly, growth rate is slow, the subject matters such as output is not high, and active constituent content is low.

Summary of the invention

A kind of method that the object of this invention is to provide full ecological technique plantation high-quality dendrobium candidum.

 

The present invention is achieved in that

The implantation methods of dendrobium candidum, with peat soil, peanut shell, pine chaff, the raw materials such as pine bark and a small amount of bat ight soil are beaten powder and are made matrix, carry out high temperature 100-110 ℃ processing, gather the stem of noble dendrobium kind of high-quality on mountain, after sterilization processing, sowing, after 1 year, be transplanted to booth, booth, then take sunshade, control suitable temperature and moisture, soft rot and black spot with harmless Fungicidal control dendrobium candidum, use the pure natural plant liquid of preparation to do insecticide, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite etc., production is without agricultural chemicals, without hormone and the high-quality dendrobium candidum that pollutes without chemicals, meet the needs in market, the dendrobium candidum obtaining with the full ecological technique implantation methods of the present invention, pure natural, best in quality, free from extraneous odour, having yin-nourishing brings down a fever, the cough-relieving of promoting the production of body fluid, coordinating intestines and stomach, can improve the functions such as body's immunity.

The parts by weight of above-described plantation dendrobium officinale substrate: 5~10 parts of 20~40 parts of peat soils, 10~20 parts of peanut shells, pine chaff 13~30, pine bark 10~20 and bat guanos, these matrix need to be used 100~110 ℃ of steam treatment of high temperature, then through the fermentation of banking up, within 20 days~50 days, form, that this matrix has is loose ventilative, fertilizer conservation water conservation, with low cost, survival rate high, can realize dendrobium candidum high-density planting, yield and quality is all better than the dendrobium candidum of other cultivation matrix plantations simultaneously.

The material composition of the described root rot that prevents dendrobium candidum and the harmless bactericide of black spot is the mixture of levogyrate alpha-terpineol, milk of lime and surfactant, milk of lime parts by weight are 10-20 part, levogyrate alpha-terpineol parts by weight are 2-5 part, surfactant parts by weight are 1-2 part, and during use, thin up is 100 times.Described surfactant is the soak really of washing one's hands, 1 kilogram of fruit of washing one's hands adds 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks of water and obtains, with wash one's hands fruit be distributed in East China, in reach southwest in the south, formal name used at school soapberry fruit, Latin plant animal mineral name: SapindusmukorossiGaertn, there is wild and plantation in a lot of places, and the fruit soak of washing one's hands can also play desinsection and anthelmintic action; Levogyrate alpha-terpineol is to extract separated material from rosin, with it, is sprayed on dendrobium candidum, can sterilization also can desinsection, and the extract of dendrobium candidum and pine tree has good dependency, Chemical Industry Inst., Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region produces levogyrate alpha-terpineol.

Material composition and the parts by weight of control dendrobium candidum insect are: 20~30 parts of garlics, 10~15 parts of bitter fruit leafs, cushaw leaf 10-15 part, 20~30 parts of polygonum flaccidums, surfactant 1-2 part, using method is that above-mentioned material is smashed, add 5~10 times of water, boil half an hour, get filtrate sprinkling, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite etc.Surfactant is that soapberry is really pulverized rear per kilogram and added 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak.

In the material of control dendrobium candidum insect, garlic and cushaw leaf are vegetables common on our dining table, need not explain here.

Polygonum flaccidum (Polygonum hydropiper L.) belongs to the annual herb plant of polygonaceae (Polygonaceae) Polygonum (Polygonum L.), it is a kind of Chinese traditional herbs of China, in China most areas, having distribution, is the plant that a kind of resource is very abundant; Polygonum flaccidum is to insect, and such as looper, cutworm etc., has very strong food refusal, deterrent effect, be developed as a kind of novel vegetable insecticide, when using as Chinese medicine, polygonum flaccidum is for dysentery, have loose bowels, acute tonsillitis, malaria, arthralgia due to wind-dampness, treating swelling and pain by traumatic injury, uterine bleeding, the carbuncle furunculosis that swells, scrofula, venomous snake bite, eczema, the ringworm of the foot, traumatism and bleeding.

Bitter fruit leaf, Latin formal name used at school: Melia azedarach L is Meliaceae deciduous tree plant, high 10-20m.Bark crineous, lobe, old branch purple, has most tiny hole skins.Be born in wilderness or roadside, often cultivate after room anterior chamber.This plant grows rapidly on moistening fertile soil, not tight to soil requirement, in acid soil, neutral soil and In Limestone Area, all can grow, and be the good reproducting tree species of Plain and low height above sea level hills area, wing other plantation in village's is more suitable.Margosa is that material is used plant, is also medicinal plant, and its flower, leaf, fruit, root skin all can be used as medicine.Be widely distributed in Tropical Asian and subtropical zone, also there is cultivation Temperate Region in China.Control snout moth's larva, aphid, cabbage caterpillar, insect parasite which hurts rice plant, lice, cicada etc.

Substantive distinguishing features of the present invention and significant progressive:

1, the implantation methods of dendrobium candidum of the present invention, selects the matrix good to dendrobium candidum adaptability, and dendrobium candidum transplanting survival rate is high, fast growth, and output is high, and active constituent content is high.

2. by soft rot and the black spot of harmless Fungicidal control dendrobium candidum, use the pure natural plant liquid of preparation to do insecticide, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite etc., produce without agricultural chemicals, without hormone and the high-quality dendrobium candidum that pollutes without chemicals, meet the needs in market

3, the dendrobium candidum obtaining with the full ecological technique implantation methods of the present invention, pure natural, best in quality, free from extraneous odour, has yin-nourishing bring down a fever, promote the production of body fluid cough-relieving, coordinating intestines and stomach, can improve the functions such as body's immunity.

4, insect pest is prevented and kill off, material composition and the Content umber of control dendrobium candidum insect are: 20~30 parts of garlics, 10~15 parts of bitter fruit leafs, cushaw leaf 10-15 part, 20~30 parts of polygonum flaccidums, surfactant 1-2 part, using method is that above-mentioned material is smashed, and adds 5~10 times of water, boils half an hour, get filtrate sprinkling, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite etc.

5, use material composition and the Content umber of bactericide to be: the levogyrate alpha-terpineol and the milk of lime that use Chemical Industry Inst., Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to produce, milk of lime parts by weight are 10-20 part, levogyrate alpha-terpineol parts by weight are 2-5 part, and surfactant parts by weight are 1-2 part.

 

Embodiment

The plantation of dendrobium candidum, with peat soil, peanut shell, pine chaff, the raw materials such as pine bark and a small amount of bat ight soil are beaten powder and are made matrix, carry out high temperature 100-110 ℃ processing, gather the stem of noble dendrobium kind of high-quality on mountain, after sterilization processing, sowing, after 1 year, be transplanted to booth, booth, then take sunshade, control suitable temperature and moisture, soft rot and black spot with harmless Fungicidal control dendrobium candidum, use the pure natural plant liquid of preparation to do insecticide, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite etc., production is without agricultural chemicals, without hormone and the high-quality dendrobium candidum that pollutes without chemicals, meet the needs in market,

The parts by weight of described plantation dendrobium officinale substrate: 5~10 parts of 20~40 parts of peat soils, 10~20 parts of peanut shells, pine chaff 13~30, pine bark 10~20 and bat guanos, these matrix need to be used 100~110 ℃ of steam treatment of high temperature, then through the fermentation of banking up, within 20 days~50 days, form, that this matrix has is loose ventilative, fertilizer conservation water conservation, with low cost, survival rate high, can realize dendrobium candidum high-density planting, yield and quality is all better than the dendrobium candidum of other cultivation matrix plantations simultaneously.

300 kilograms of the highest per mu yields of the above-mentioned implantation methods dendrobium candidum of the present invention, 25 centimetres of every strain dendrobium candidum average lengths, rhizome is full, leaf color jade green.

dendrobium candidum soft rot and black spot control:

Embodiment 1

Soapberry is really pulverized to rear per kilogram adds 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak, choose 10 kilograms of the clean milk of limes of weight content 40-50%, levogyrate alpha-terpineol weight is 2 kilograms, soapberry fruit soak weight is 1 kilogram, mix, during use, thin up 100-300 doubly, gets on the rhizome that filtrate is sprayed onto dendrobium candidum, be used for preventing and treating soft rot, control rate reaches 80%.

Embodiment 2

Soapberry is really pulverized to rear per kilogram adds 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak, choose 7 kilograms of the clean milk of limes of weight content 40-50%, levogyrate alpha-terpineol weight is 2 kilograms, soapberry fruit soak weight is 1 kilogram, mix, during use, thin up 100-300 doubly, gets filtrate and is sprayed onto on dendrobium candidum leaf and rhizome, be used for preventing and treating soft rot, control rate reaches 85%.

Embodiment 3

Soapberry is really pulverized to rear per kilogram adds 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak, choose 12 kilograms of the clean milk of limes of weight content 40-50%, levogyrate alpha-terpineol weight is 3 kilograms, soapberry fruit soak weight is 1 kilogram, mix, during use, thin up 100-300 doubly, gets filtrate and is sprayed onto on dendrobium candidum leaf and rhizome, be used for preventing and treating soft rot, control rate reaches 90%.

Embodiment 4

Soapberry is really pulverized to rear per kilogram adds 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak, choose 13 kilograms of the clean milk of limes of weight content 40-50%, levogyrate alpha-terpineol weight is 4 kilograms, soapberry fruit soak weight is 1 kilogram, mix, during use, thin up 100-300 doubly, gets filtrate and is sprayed onto on dendrobium candidum leaf and rhizome, be used for preventing and treating soft rot, control rate reaches 85%.

Embodiment 5

Soapberry is really pulverized to rear per kilogram adds 7 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak, choose 15 kilograms of the clean milk of limes of weight content 40-50%, levogyrate alpha-terpineol weight is 5 kilograms, soapberry fruit soak weight is 2 kilograms, mix, during use, thin up 100-300 doubly, gets filtrate and is sprayed onto on dendrobium candidum leaf and rhizome, be used for preventing and treating soft rot, control rate reaches 88%.

dendrobium candidum snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite control embodiment:

Embodiment 1

Material composition and the parts by weight of control dendrobium candidum insect are: 20 parts of garlics, 10 parts of bitter fruit leafs, 10 parts of cushaw leafs, 20 parts of polygonum flaccidums, 1 part, surfactant, using method is that above-mentioned material is smashed, add 5~10 times of water, boil half an hour, get filtrate and be sprayed onto plant and around, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite etc.Surfactant is that soapberry is really pulverized rear per kilogram and added 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak.

Embodiment 2

Material composition and the parts by weight of control dendrobium candidum insect are: 25 parts of garlics, 12 parts of bitter fruit leafs, 12 parts of cushaw leafs, 25 parts of polygonum flaccidums, 2 parts, surfactant, using method is that above-mentioned material is smashed, add 5~10 times of water, boil half an hour, get filtrate and be sprayed onto plant and around, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite etc.Surfactant is that soapberry is really pulverized rear per kilogram and added 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak.

Embodiment 3

Material composition and the parts by weight of control dendrobium candidum insect are: 30 parts of garlics, 15 parts of bitter fruit leafs, 5 parts of cushaw leafs, 30 parts of polygonum flaccidums, 2 parts, surfactant, using method is that above-mentioned material is smashed, add 5~10 times of water, boil half an hour, get filtrate and be sprayed onto plant and around, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite etc.Surfactant is that soapberry is really pulverized rear per kilogram and added 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak.

Claims (3)

1. the implantation methods of a dendrobium candidum, it is characterized in that: with raw materials such as peat soil, peanut shell, pine chaff, pine bark and a small amount of bat ight soil, beat powder and make matrix, carry out high temperature 100-110 ℃ processing, gather the stem of noble dendrobium kind of high-quality on mountain, after sterilization processing, sowing, after 1 year, be transplanted to booth, booth, then takes sunshade, controls suitable temperature and moisture, prevent soft rot and the black spot of dendrobium candidum, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite;
The parts by weight of described matrix: 5~10 parts of 20~40 parts of peat soils, 10~20 parts of peanut shells, pine chaff 13~30, pine bark 10~20 and bat guanos, these matrix need to be used 100~110 ℃ of steam treatment of high temperature, then through the fermentation of banking up, within 20 days~50 days, form.
2. plantation dendrobium candidum method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the mixture that the material composition that the described soft rot that prevents dendrobium candidum and black spot are used harmless bactericide is levogyrate alpha-terpineol, milk of lime and surfactant, milk of lime parts by weight are 10-20 part, levogyrate alpha-terpineol parts by weight are 2-5 part, surfactant parts by weight are 1-2 part, and during use, thin up is 100 times; Described surfactant is the soak really of washing one's hands, and 1 kilogram of fruit of washing one's hands adds 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks of water and obtains.
3. plantation dendrobium candidum method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: material composition and the parts by weight of control dendrobium candidum snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite are: 20~30 parts of garlics, 10~15 parts of bitter fruit leafs, cushaw leaf 10-15 part, 20~30 parts of polygonum flaccidums, surfactant 1-2 part, using method is that above-mentioned material is smashed, and adds 5~10 times of water, boils half an hour, get filtrate sprinkling, control snail, Jie's acarid, luxuriant and rich with fragrance armored scale worm and two spotted spider mite etc.; Surfactant is that soapberry is really pulverized rear per kilogram and added 10 kilograms of hot-water soaks to obtain soapberry fruit soak.
CN201310623199.9A 2013-11-30 2013-11-30 The implantation methods of dendrobium candidum CN103609416B (en)

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CN105052668A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-18 广西最鲜农业科技有限公司 Planting method for organic double-season grapes
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CN107950342A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-04-24 莫玉艳 A kind of stem of noble dendrobium greenhouse gardening method
CN108077329A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-29 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of lemon nutritive insecticidal injection drying agent and preparation method thereof
CN108522213A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-14 江苏圣福来生态农业有限公司 It is a kind of prevention dendrobium candidum black spot planting matrix and its application
CN109937812A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-06-28 四川辅正药业股份有限公司 The cultural method of water polygonum flaccidum

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