US20170119046A1 - Apparatus for Heating Smokable Material - Google Patents

Apparatus for Heating Smokable Material Download PDF

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Publication number
US20170119046A1
US20170119046A1 US14/927,529 US201514927529A US2017119046A1 US 20170119046 A1 US20170119046 A1 US 20170119046A1 US 201514927529 A US201514927529 A US 201514927529A US 2017119046 A1 US2017119046 A1 US 2017119046A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
core
heating zone
arms
heating
magnetic field
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US14/927,529
Inventor
Duane A. KAUFMAN
Andrew P. Wilke
Thomas P. Blandino
James J. Frater
Raymond J. Robey
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
British American Tobacco Investments Ltd
Original Assignee
British American Tobacco Investments Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by British American Tobacco Investments Ltd filed Critical British American Tobacco Investments Ltd
Priority to US14/927,529 priority Critical patent/US20170119046A1/en
Assigned to BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO (INVESTMENTS) LIMITED reassignment BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO (INVESTMENTS) LIMITED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BB7, LLC, BLANDINO, THOMAS P., FRATER, JAMES J., KAUFMAN, DUANE A., ROBEY, RAYMOND J., WILKE, ANDREW P.
Priority to HUE16798646A priority patent/HUE048396T2/en
Priority to PL16798646T priority patent/PL3367827T3/en
Priority to KR1020207011681A priority patent/KR20200045008A/en
Priority to EP19216472.1A priority patent/EP3656233B1/en
Priority to PL19216472.1T priority patent/PL3656233T3/en
Priority to RU2018115279A priority patent/RU2682771C1/en
Priority to KR1020187012346A priority patent/KR20180059916A/en
Priority to KR1020237010078A priority patent/KR20230044332A/en
Priority to AU2016344640A priority patent/AU2016344640B2/en
Priority to US15/772,382 priority patent/US11452313B2/en
Priority to CN201680061969.7A priority patent/CN108348005A/en
Priority to BR112018008505-7A priority patent/BR112018008505A2/en
Priority to EP16798646.2A priority patent/EP3367827B1/en
Priority to JP2018519865A priority patent/JP6690862B2/en
Priority to ES16798646T priority patent/ES2770368T3/en
Priority to CA3003514A priority patent/CA3003514A1/en
Priority to RU2019107212A priority patent/RU2019107212A/en
Priority to PCT/EP2016/075734 priority patent/WO2017072144A1/en
Priority to EP23151931.5A priority patent/EP4188035A1/en
Publication of US20170119046A1 publication Critical patent/US20170119046A1/en
Priority to HK18114317.7A priority patent/HK1255194A1/en
Priority to US17/930,474 priority patent/US20230000163A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • A24F47/008
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F47/00Smokers' requisites not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F40/00Electrically operated smoking devices; Component parts thereof; Manufacture thereof; Maintenance or testing thereof; Charging means specially adapted therefor
    • A24F40/40Constructional details, e.g. connection of cartridges and battery parts
    • A24F40/46Shape or structure of electric heating means
    • A24F40/465Shape or structure of electric heating means specially adapted for induction heating
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS FOR ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES, IN GENERAL
    • H05B6/00Heating by electric, magnetic or electromagnetic fields
    • H05B6/02Induction heating
    • H05B6/10Induction heating apparatus, other than furnaces, for specific applications
    • H05B6/105Induction heating apparatus, other than furnaces, for specific applications using a susceptor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS FOR ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES, IN GENERAL
    • H05B6/00Heating by electric, magnetic or electromagnetic fields
    • H05B6/02Induction heating
    • H05B6/10Induction heating apparatus, other than furnaces, for specific applications
    • H05B6/105Induction heating apparatus, other than furnaces, for specific applications using a susceptor
    • H05B6/108Induction heating apparatus, other than furnaces, for specific applications using a susceptor for heating a fluid
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS FOR ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES, IN GENERAL
    • H05B6/00Heating by electric, magnetic or electromagnetic fields
    • H05B6/02Induction heating
    • H05B6/36Coil arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS FOR ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES, IN GENERAL
    • H05B6/00Heating by electric, magnetic or electromagnetic fields
    • H05B6/02Induction heating
    • H05B6/36Coil arrangements
    • H05B6/365Coil arrangements using supplementary conductive or ferromagnetic pieces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D1/00Cigars; Cigarettes
    • A24D1/20Cigarettes specially adapted for simulated smoking devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F40/00Electrically operated smoking devices; Component parts thereof; Manufacture thereof; Maintenance or testing thereof; Charging means specially adapted therefor
    • A24F40/20Devices using solid inhalable precursors

Definitions

  • Embodiments relate to apparatus for heating smokable material, such as tobacco, to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, and to systems comprising such apparatus and articles comprising such smokable material and for use with such apparatus.
  • smokable material such as tobacco
  • Smoking articles such as cigarettes, cigars and the like burn tobacco during use to create tobacco smoke. Attempts have been made to provide alternatives to these articles by creating products that release compounds without combusting. Examples of such products are so-called “heat not burn” products or tobacco heating devices or products, which release compounds by heating, but not burning, material.
  • the material may be, for example, tobacco or other non-tobacco products, which may or may not contain nicotine.
  • a first aspect of embodiments provides apparatus for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, the apparatus comprising:
  • a heating zone for receiving an article, the article comprising smokable material and heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material;
  • the magnetic field generator for generating a varying magnetic field that penetrates the heating zone, the magnetic field generator comprising a magnetically permeable core and a coil;
  • the core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, wherein the coil is wound around the first portion of the core, and wherein the first and second arms of the core are on different sides of the heating zone.
  • the first and second arms of the core have respective free ends on different sides of the heating zone.
  • the first and second arms of the core are on opposite sides of the heating zone.
  • first and second arms of the core have respective free ends on opposite sides of the heating zone.
  • the respective free ends of the first and second arms of the core face each other through the heating zone.
  • the heating zone is elongate, and each of the first and second arms of the core is elongate in a direction parallel to a longitudinal axis of the heating zone.
  • first and second arms of the core extend from opposite ends of the first portion of the core.
  • the core comprises third and fourth arms extending from the first portion, and the third and fourth arms of the core are on opposite sides of the heating zone.
  • the first and third arms of the core extend from a first end of the first portion of the core, and the second and fourth arms of the core extend from an opposite second end of the first portion of the core.
  • the first, second, third and fourth arms connect the first portion of the core to a second portion of the core, and wherein the second portion of the core is on an opposite side of the heating zone from the first portion of the core.
  • the magnetic field generator comprises a second coil wound around the second portion of the core.
  • the heating zone has an open first end through which the article is insertable into the heating zone, a second end opposite the first end, and one or more sides connecting the first and second ends; and the first arm of the core is at the side, or one of the sides, of the heating zone, and the second arm of the core is at the second end of the heating zone.
  • first and second arms of the core have respective free ends; and the free end of the first arm of the core is at the side, or one of the sides, of the heating zone, and the free end of the second arm of the core is at the second end of the heating zone.
  • the respective free ends of the first and second arms of the core face the heating zone.
  • the magnetic field generator comprises a magnetically permeable second core
  • the second core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, the second coil is wound around the first portion of the second core, and the first and second arms of the second core have respective free ends that face the heating zone.
  • the core comprises, or is composed of, ferrite.
  • the first portion of the core is unitary with each of the first and second arms of the core.
  • the heating zone is a recess in the apparatus. In an exemplary embodiment, the heating zone is a recess in the core.
  • the core is comprises, or is composed of, ferrite.
  • the core comprises plural layers of electrically-conductive material that are isolated from one another by non-electrically-conductive material.
  • the coil extends along an axis that is perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the heating zone.
  • the coil extends along an axis that is parallel to a longitudinal axis of the heating zone.
  • the apparatus is for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material without burning the smokable material.
  • a second aspect of embodiments provides a system, comprising:
  • an article comprising smokable material and a heater, wherein the heater comprises heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material;
  • apparatus for heating the smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, the apparatus comprising:
  • the magnetic field generator comprises a magnetically permeable second core and a second coil
  • the second core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, the second coil is wound around the first portion of the second core, and the first and second arms of the second core have respective free ends that face the heating zone.
  • the article comprises a second heater comprising heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material, and the respective free ends of the first and second arms of the second core face the second heater when the article is in the heating zone.
  • the smokable material of the article is located between the heater and the second heater.
  • the smokable material comprises tobacco and/or one or more humectants.
  • the heating material comprises one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: an electrically-conductive material, a magnetic material, and a magnetic electrically-conductive material.
  • the heating material comprises a metal or a metal alloy.
  • the heating material comprises one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: aluminum, gold, iron, nickel, cobalt, conductive carbon, graphite, plain-carbon steel, stainless steel, ferritic stainless steel, copper, and bronze.
  • the article of the system is the article of the first aspect of embodiments.
  • the article of the system may have any one or more of the features discussed above as being present in respective exemplary embodiments of the article of the first aspect.
  • FIG. 1 shows a schematic view of an example of a magnetic field generator of apparatus for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material.
  • FIG. 2 shows a schematic perspective view of an example of a system, the system comprising an article comprising smokable material, and apparatus for heating the smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material.
  • FIG. 3 shows a schematic perspective view of an example of another system, the system comprising an article comprising smokable material, and apparatus for heating the smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material.
  • FIG. 4 shows a schematic partial cross-sectional view of an example of another system, the system comprising an article comprising smokable material, and apparatus for heating the smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material.
  • the term “smokable material” includes materials that provide volatilized components upon heating, typically in the form of vapor or an aerosol.
  • “Smokable material” may be a non-tobacco-containing material or a tobacco-containing material.
  • “Smokable material” may, for example, include one or more of tobacco per se, tobacco derivatives, expanded tobacco, reconstituted tobacco, tobacco extract, homogenized tobacco or tobacco substitutes.
  • the smokable material can be in the form of ground tobacco, cut rag tobacco, extruded tobacco, reconstituted tobacco, reconstituted smokable material, liquid, gel, gelled sheet, powder, or agglomerates, or the like.
  • “Smokable material” also may include other, non-tobacco, products, which, depending on the product, may or may not contain nicotine. “Smokable material” may comprise one or more humectants, such as glycerol or propylene glycol.
  • heating material or “heater material” refers to material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field.
  • flavor and “flavorant” refer to materials which, where local regulations permit, may be used to create a desired taste or aroma in a product for adult consumers. They may include extracts (e.g., licorice, hydrangea , Japanese white bark magnolia leaf, chamomile, fenugreek, clove, menthol, Japanese mint, aniseed, cinnamon, herb, wintergreen, cherry, berry, peach, apple, Drambuie, bourbon, scotch, whiskey, spearmint, peppermint, lavender, cardamom, celery, cascarilla, nutmeg, sandalwood, bergamot, geranium, honey essence, rose oil, vanilla, lemon oil, orange oil, cassia , caraway, cognac, jasmine, ylang-ylang, sage, fennel, piment, ginger, anise, coriander, coffee, or a mint oil from any species of the genus Men
  • Induction heating is a process in which an electrically-conductive object is heated by penetrating the object with a varying magnetic field.
  • An induction heater may comprise an electromagnet and a device for passing a varying electrical current, such as an alternating current, through the electromagnet.
  • a varying electrical current such as an alternating current
  • the electromagnet and the object to be heated are suitably relatively positioned so that the resultant varying magnetic field produced by the electromagnet penetrates the object, one or more eddy currents are generated inside the object.
  • the object has a resistance to the flow of electrical currents. Therefore, when such eddy currents are generated in the object, their flow against the electrical resistance of the object causes the object to be heated. This process is called Joule, ohmic, or resistive heating.
  • An object that is capable of being inductively heated is known as a susceptor.
  • Magnetic hysteresis heating is a process in which an object made of a magnetic material is heated by penetrating the object with a varying magnetic field.
  • a magnetic material can be considered to comprise many atomic-scale magnets, or magnetic dipoles. When a magnetic field penetrates such material, the magnetic dipoles align with the magnetic field. Therefore, when a varying magnetic field, such as an alternating magnetic field, for example as produced by an electromagnet, penetrates the magnetic material, the orientation of the magnetic dipoles changes with the varying applied magnetic field. Such magnetic dipole reorientation causes heat to be generated in the magnetic material.
  • FIG. 1 there is shown a schematic view of an example of a magnetic field generator 120 of apparatus for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, in accordance with an embodiment.
  • the magnetic field generator 120 shown in FIG. 1 is included in the respective apparatuses 100 , 200 , 300 described below with reference to FIGS. 2 to 4 , respectively.
  • the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 may comprise a different magnetic field generator to that shown in FIG. 1 .
  • the magnetic field generator 120 comprises an electrical power source 130 , a coil 140 , a magnetically permeable core 150 , a device 160 for passing a varying electrical current, such as an alternating current, through the coil 140 , a controller 170 , a user interface 180 for user-operation of the controller 170 , and a temperature sensor 190 .
  • the electrical power source 130 is a rechargeable battery.
  • the electrical power source 130 may be other than a rechargeable battery, such as a non-rechargeable battery, a capacitor, a battery-capacitor hybrid, or a connection to a mains electricity supply.
  • the coil 140 may take any suitable form.
  • the coil 140 is a helical coil of electrically-conductive material, such as copper.
  • the coil 140 is wound or wrapped around a portion of the magnetically permeable core 150 .
  • the magnetically permeable core 150 concentrates the magnetic flux produced by the coil 140 in use and makes a more powerful magnetic field. Furthermore, the magnetically permeable core 150 helps to direct the magnetic flux to its intended target.
  • the intended target in the embodiments discussed below is a heater 20 , 22 of an article 1, 2, 3.
  • the heater 20 , 22 comprises heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field. Example such heating materials are discussed below.
  • the heater 20 , 22 is for heating smokable material 10 of the article 1, 2, 3.
  • the coil 140 may be wound around only a portion (i.e. not all) of the magnetically permeable core 150 .
  • the magnetically permeable core 150 can have high magnetic permeability and low electrical conductivity in embodiments. The latter helps prevent the generation of eddy currents in the magnetically permeable core 150 in use, which helps to prevent the magnetically permeable core 150 becoming heated in use.
  • the magnetically permeable core 150 comprises, or is composed of, ferrite.
  • the ferrite may, for example, contain iron oxide combined with nickel and/or zinc and/or manganese.
  • the ferrite may have a low coercivity and be considered a “soft ferrite,” or have a high coercivity and be considered a “hard ferrite.”
  • Example usable soft ferrites are manganese-zinc ferrite, with the formula Mn a Zn (1-a) Fe 2 O 4 , and nickel-zinc ferrite, with the formula Ni a Zn (1-a) Fe 2 O 4 .
  • the magnetically permeable core 150 may be made of a different material or materials.
  • the magnetically permeable core 150 may comprise plural layers of electrically-conductive material that are isolated from one another by non-electrically-conductive material.
  • the magnetically permeable core 150 may have dozens, or even hundreds, of layers of electrically-conductive material that are isolated from one another by non-electrically-conductive material.
  • the device 160 for passing a varying current through the coil 140 is electrically connected between the electrical power source 130 and the coil 140 .
  • the controller 170 also is electrically connected to the electrical power source 130 , and is communicatively connected to the device 160 to control the device 160 . More specifically, in this embodiment, the controller 170 is for controlling the device 160 , so as to control the supply of electrical power from the electrical power source 130 to the coil 140 .
  • the controller 170 comprises an integrated circuit (IC), such as an IC on a printed circuit board (PCB). In other embodiments, the controller 170 may take a different form.
  • the apparatus may have a single electrical or electronic component comprising the device 160 and the controller 170 .
  • the controller 170 is operated in this embodiment by user-operation of the user interface 180 .
  • the user interface 180 may be located at the exterior of the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 into which the magnetic field generator 120 is incorporated.
  • the user interface 180 may comprise a push-button, a toggle switch, a dial, a touchscreen, or the like. In other embodiments, the user interface 180 may be remote and connected to the rest of the apparatus wirelessly, such as via Bluetooth.
  • operation of the user interface 180 by a user causes the controller 170 to cause the device 160 to cause an alternating electrical current to pass through the coil 140 , so as to cause the coil 140 to generate an alternating magnetic field.
  • the coil 140 and the heater 20 of the article 1, 2, 3 are suitably relatively positioned so that the alternating magnetic field produced by the coil 140 penetrates the heating material of the heater 20 of the article 1, 2, 3.
  • the magnetically permeable core 150 helps to direct the magnetic field so that the magnetic field penetrates the heating material of the heater 20 of the article 1, 2, 3.
  • the heating material of the heater 20 of the article 1, 2, 3 is an electrically-conductive material, this may cause the generation of one or more eddy currents in the heating material.
  • the flow of eddy currents in the heating material against the electrical resistance of the heating material causes the heating material to be heated by Joule heating.
  • the heating material is made of a magnetic material, the orientation of magnetic dipoles in the heating material changes with the changing applied magnetic field, which causes heat to be generated in the heating material.
  • the temperature sensor 190 is for sensing a temperature of the heating zone 110 in use.
  • the temperature sensor 190 is communicatively connected to the controller 170 , so that the controller 170 is able to monitor the temperature of the heating zone 110 .
  • the temperature sensor 190 may be arranged to take an optical temperature measurement of the heating zone 110 or article 1, 2, 3.
  • the article 1, 2, 3 may comprise a temperature detector, such as a resistance temperature detector (RTD), for detecting a temperature of the article 1, 2, 3.
  • RTD resistance temperature detector
  • the article 1, 2, 3 may further comprise one or more terminals connected, such as electrically-connected, to the temperature detector.
  • the terminal(s) may be for making connection, such as electrical connection, with a temperature monitor of the magnetic field generator when the article 1, 2, 3 is in the heating zone 111 .
  • the controller 170 may comprise the temperature monitor.
  • the temperature monitor of the apparatus 100 may thus be able to determine a temperature of the article 1, 2, 3 during use of the article 1, 2, 3 with the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 .
  • the response of the heating material to a change in temperature could be sufficient to give information regarding temperature inside the article 1, 2, 3.
  • the temperature sensor 190 may then comprise a probe for analyzing the heating material.
  • the controller 170 may cause the device 160 to adjust a characteristic of the varying or alternating electrical current passed through the coil 140 as necessary, in order to ensure that the temperature of the heating zone 110 remains within a predetermined temperature range.
  • the characteristic may be, for example, amplitude or frequency.
  • the smokable material 10 within an article 1, 2, 3 located in the heating zone 110 is heated sufficiently to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 without combusting the smokable material 10 .
  • the controller 170 and the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 as a whole, is arranged to heat the smokable material 10 to volatilize the at least one component of the smokable material 10 without combusting the smokable material 10 .
  • the temperature range is about 50° C. to about 300° C., such as between about 50° C. and about 250° C., between about 50° C. and about 150° C., between about 50° C. and about 120° C., between about 50° C. and about 100° C., between about 50° C. and about 80° C., or between about 60° C. and about 70° C.
  • the temperature range is between about 170° C. and about 220° C. In other embodiments, the temperature range may be other than this range.
  • the temperature sensor 190 may be omitted.
  • the system 1000 comprises an article 1 comprising smokable material 10 , and apparatus 100 for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 .
  • the apparatus 100 is for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 without burning the smokable material 10 .
  • the article 1 of the system 1000 comprises a heater 20 comprising heating material.
  • the heating material is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field.
  • the heater 20 is within the smokable material 10 .
  • the smokable material 10 may be on only one side of the heater 20 .
  • the article 1 also comprises a cover 30 that encircles the smokable material 10 and the heater 20 to help maintain the relative positions of the smokable material 10 and the heater 20 .
  • the cover 30 may thermally insulate the interior of the cover 30 from the exterior of the cover 30 .
  • the cover 30 may electrically insulate the heater 20 from the core 150 .
  • the cover 30 may be made of any suitable material, such as paper, card, a plastics material, or the like. In other embodiments, the cover 30 may take a different form or be omitted.
  • the article 1 is elongate and cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to a longitudinal axis of the article 1.
  • the article 1 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical.
  • the article 1 may have proportions approximating those of a cigarette.
  • the apparatus 100 comprises a heating zone 110 for receiving the article 1, and the magnetic field generator 120 shown schematically in FIG. 1 .
  • the heating zone 110 is a recess in the apparatus 100 .
  • the heating zone 110 is a recess in the core 150 .
  • the recess 110 is elongate and has a longitudinal axis A-A.
  • the recess 110 is cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the recess 110 .
  • the heating zone 110 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical.
  • the article 1 and the recess 110 are relatively dimensioned so that the article 1 is a snug fit in the recess 110 .
  • the core 150 of the magnetic field generator 120 comprises a magnetically permeable first portion 155 , a magnetically permeable first arm 151 , and a magnetically permeable second arm 152 .
  • the first arm 151 extends from a first end 155 a of the first portion 155 of the core 150
  • the second arm 152 extends from a second end 155 b of the first portion 155 of the core 150 .
  • the second end 155 b of the first portion 155 is opposite from the first end 155 a of the first portion 155 .
  • the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 are on opposite sides of the heating zone 110 . More specifically, in this embodiment, the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 have respective free ends 151 a , 152 b on opposite sides of the heating zone 110 . The respective free ends 151 a , 152 a of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 face each other through the heating zone 110 . Furthermore, in this embodiment, each of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 is elongate in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 .
  • a cross-sectional shape of each of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially L-shaped.
  • the cross-sectional shape may be other than L-shaped, such as a 45-degree arc or bend.
  • each of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 meets the first portion 155 of the core 150 at substantially ninety degrees. In other embodiments, this angle may be other than ninety degrees, such as between 10 and 170 degrees, between 30 and 150 degrees, between 45 degrees and 135 degrees, or between 60 and 120 degrees.
  • the coil 140 is wound around the first portion 155 of the core 150 .
  • the coil 140 is wound around neither of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 .
  • the coil 140 extends generally along an axis that is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 .
  • the volume encircled by the coil 140 comprises the first portion 155 of the core 150 and is free of the heating zone 110 . That is, the coil 140 does not encircle the heating zone 110 . Accordingly, some portions of the coil 140 are located between the first portion 155 of the core 150 and the heating zone 110 , and the first portion 155 of the core 150 is located between some other portions of the coil 140 and the heating zone 110 .
  • the apparatus 100 and the article 1 are relatively dimensioned so that, when the article 1 located is in the heating zone 110 , as shown in FIG. 2 , the varying magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generator 120 penetrates the heater 20 of the article 1.
  • This penetration of the heater 20 is indicated in FIG. 2 by the arrows M.
  • the arrows M in FIG. 2 represent one instantaneous magnetic field line of the magnetic field.
  • the magnetic field line follows a path that extends through the first portion 155 of the core 150 , through the first arm 151 of the core 150 to the free end 151 a of the first arm 151 , from the free end 151 a of the first arm 151 to the heater 20 , through the heater 20 , from the heater 20 to the free end 152 a of the second arm 152 of the core 150 , and through the second arm 152 to the first portion 155 of the core 150 . If the varying magnetic field is an alternating magnetic field, the direction of the magnetic field line would reverse repeatedly but still substantially lie on this path.
  • the free ends 151 a , 152 a of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 may even contact the article 1 when the article 1 is located in the heating zone 110 .
  • the smaller the surface area of each of the free ends 151 a , 152 a of the first and second arms 151 , 152 the greater the concentration of the magnetic field passing through them in use.
  • the free ends 151 a , 152 a may be convex, may be edges of respective tapered portions of the first and second arms 151 , 152 , or may comprise one or more surface features such as ridges or lumps.
  • the heater 20 , or edges thereof, of the article 1 may be suitably shaped to concentrate the magnetic field passing therethrough.
  • the system 2000 comprises an article 2 comprising smokable material 10 , and apparatus 200 for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 .
  • the apparatus 200 is for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 without burning the smokable material 10 .
  • the article 2 is the same as the article 1 of the system 1000 of FIG. 2 , albeit rotated through ninety degrees in FIG. 3 , and so will not be described again in detail. Any of the herein-described possible variations to the article 1 of FIG. 2 may be made to the article 2 of FIG. 3 to form separate respective embodiments.
  • the apparatus 200 comprises a heating zone 110 for receiving the article 2, and the magnetic field generator 120 shown schematically in FIG. 1 .
  • the heating zone 110 is a recess in the apparatus 200 .
  • the heating zone 110 is a recess in the core 150 .
  • the recess 110 is elongate and has a longitudinal axis A-A.
  • the recess 110 is cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the recess 110 .
  • the heating zone 110 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical.
  • the article 2 and the recess 110 are relatively dimensioned so that the article 2 is a snug fit in the recess 110 .
  • the core 150 of the magnetic field generator 120 comprises a magnetically permeable first portion 155 , a magnetically permeable first arm 151 , a magnetically permeable second arm 152 , a magnetically permeable third arm 153 , and a magnetically permeable fourth arm 154 .
  • the first and third arms 151 , 153 extend from a first end 155 a of the first portion 155 of the core 150
  • the second and fourth arms 152 , 154 extend from a second end 155 b of the first portion 155 of the core 150 .
  • the second end 155 b of the first portion 155 is opposite from the first end 155 a of the first portion 155 .
  • the first and fourth arms 151 , 154 of the core 150 are on a first side of the heating zone 110
  • the second and third arms 152 , 153 are on a second side of the heating zone 110
  • the first side of the heating zone 110 is opposite to the second side of the heating zone 110
  • the first arm 151 faces the third arm 153 through the heating zone 110
  • the fourth arm 154 faces the second arm 152 through the heating zone 110 . Therefore, the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 are on opposite sides of the heating zone 110 , and the third and fourth arms 153 , 154 of the core 150 are on opposite sides of the heating zone 110 .
  • Portions of the heating zone 110 are thus effectively located between the first and third arms 151 , 153 and between the second and fourth arms 152 , 154 .
  • the first portion 155 of the core 150 is elongate in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 .
  • each of the first, second, third and fourth arms 151 , 152 , 153 , 154 of the core 150 is elongate in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 .
  • a cross-sectional shape of the combination of the first and third arms 151 , 153 of the core 150 in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially C-shaped.
  • a cross-sectional shape of the combination of the second and fourth arms 152 , 154 of the core 150 perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially C-shaped.
  • these cross-sectional shapes may be other than C-shaped.
  • each of the first, second, third and fourth arms 151 , 152 , 153 , 154 of the core 150 meets the first portion 155 of the core 150 at substantially ninety degrees. In other embodiments, this angle may be other than ninety degrees, such as between 10 and 170 degrees, between 30 and 150 degrees, between 45 degrees and 135 degrees, or between 60 and 120 degrees.
  • the coil 140 is wound around the first portion 155 of the core 150 .
  • the coil 140 is wound around neither of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the core 150 .
  • the coil 140 extends generally along an axis that is parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 .
  • the volume encircled by the coil 140 comprises the first portion 155 of the core 150 and is free of the heating zone 110 . That is, the coil 140 does not encircle the heating zone 110 . Accordingly, some portions of the coil 140 are located between the first portion 155 of the core 150 and the heating zone 110 , and the first portion 155 of the core 150 is located between some other portions of the coil 140 and the heating zone 110 .
  • the apparatus 200 and the article 2 are relatively dimensioned so that, when the article 2 located is in the heating zone 110 , as shown in FIG. 3 , the varying magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generator 120 penetrates the heater 20 of the article 2.
  • This penetration of the heater 20 is indicated in FIG. 3 by the arrows M.
  • the arrows M in FIG. 3 represent a few instantaneous magnetic field lines of the magnetic field.
  • the magnetic field lines follow paths that extend through the first portion 155 of the core 150 , through the first or third arm 151 , 153 of the core 150 to the heater 20 , through the heater 20 , from the heater 20 to the second or fourth arm 152 , 14 of the core 150 , and through the second or fourth arm 152 , 154 to the first portion 155 of the core 150 . If the varying magnetic field is an alternating magnetic field, the direction of the magnetic field lines would reverse repeatedly but still substantially lie on these paths.
  • the arms 151 , 152 , 153 , 154 of the core 150 may connect the first portion 155 of the core 150 to a second portion of the core 150 .
  • the second portion of the core may be on an opposite side of the heating zone 110 from the first portion 155 of the core 150 . That is, the arms 151 , 152 , 153 , 154 may not have respective free ends as illustrated, but instead may all be joined to one another by a portion of the core 150 similar to the first portion 155 of the core 150 .
  • the core 150 may be symmetrical about a plane that is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the heating zone 110 .
  • the first and second portions of the core 150 and the first and third arms 151 , 153 of the core 150 would define a first window and the first and second portions of the core 150 and the second and fourth arms 152 , 154 of the core 150 would define a second window.
  • the longitudinal axis of the heating zone 110 may extend through one or both of the windows. Moreover, the heating zone 110 would extend through, or be accessible through, each of the windows.
  • the magnetic field generator may comprise a second coil wound around the second portion of the core. In such a construction, a first set of magnetic field lines may follow the paths shown in FIG. 3 , and a second set of magnetic field lines may follow paths that extend through the second portion of the core 150 in place of the first portion 155 , through the arms 151 , 152 , 153 , 154 and through the heater 20 of the article 2.
  • the system 3000 comprises an article 3 comprising smokable material 10 , and apparatus 300 for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 .
  • the apparatus 300 is for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 without burning the smokable material 10 .
  • the article 3 of the system 3000 comprises a mass of smokable material 10 , a first heater 20 , a second heater 22 , and a cover 30 .
  • Each of the first and second heaters 20 , 22 comprises heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field.
  • the first heater 20 is in the form of a rod
  • the second heater 22 is in the form of a tube that surrounds a portion of the first heater 20 .
  • the first heater 20 is within the smokable material 10
  • the second heater 22 surrounds the smokable material 10 .
  • the smokable material 10 is located between the first and second heaters 20 , 22 .
  • the first and second heaters 20 , 22 may take different forms to those illustrated. However, in various embodiments the first heater 20 is out of contact with the second heater 22 , as is the case in this embodiment.
  • the cover 30 of the article 3 encircles the smokable material 10 and the first and second heaters 20 , 22 to help maintain the relative positions of the smokable material 10 and the heaters 20 , 22 .
  • the cover 30 may be made of any suitable material, such as paper, card, a plastics material, or the like. In other embodiments, the cover 30 may take a different form or be omitted.
  • the article 3 is elongate and cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to a longitudinal axis of the article 3.
  • the article 3 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical.
  • the article 3 may have proportions approximating those of a cigarette.
  • the apparatus 300 comprises a heating zone 110 for receiving the article 3, and a magnetic field generator.
  • the magnetic field generator comprises all the components of the magnetic field generator 120 shown schematically in FIG. 1 , as well as a second magnetically permeable core 250 and a second coil 240 wound around the second core 250 , as will be described in more detail below.
  • the device 160 is for passing a varying current through the second coil 240 .
  • the device 160 is electrically connected between the electrical power source 130 and the second coil 240 .
  • the electrical connection between the device 160 and the second coil 240 may be in parallel or in series to the electrical connection between the device 160 and the first coil 140 .
  • the device 160 may be controllable by the controller 170 to pass a varying electrical current through one of the first and second coils 140 , 240 independently of passing a varying electrical current through the other of the first and second coils 140 , 240 .
  • the controller 170 may cause an electrical current to be passed through the first coil 140 for a first period of time, and to then cause an electrical current to be passed through the second coil 240 for a second period of time.
  • the second period of time may commence on expiry of the first period of time.
  • Such actions may effect progressive heating of the smokable material 10 of the article 3.
  • the heating zone 110 is a recess in the apparatus 300 . More specifically, in this embodiment, the recess 110 has an open first end 111 through which the article 3 is insertable into the recess 110 , a second end 112 opposite the first end 111 , and one or more sides connecting the first and second ends 111 , 112 .
  • the recess 110 is elongate and has a longitudinal axis A-A. Furthermore, although not expressly shown in FIG. 4 , in this embodiment the recess 110 is cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the recess 110 .
  • the heating zone 110 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical.
  • the article 3 and the recess 110 are relatively dimensioned so that the article 3 is a snug fit in the recess 110 .
  • the first core 150 of the magnetic field generator 120 comprises a magnetically permeable first portion 155 , a magnetically permeable first arm 151 , and a magnetically permeable second arm 152 .
  • the first arm 151 extends from a first end 155 a of the first portion 155 of the first core 150
  • the second arm 152 extends from a second end 155 b of the first portion 155 of the first core 150 .
  • the second end 155 b of the first portion 155 is opposite from the first end 155 a of the first portion 155 .
  • the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the first core 150 are on different sides of the heating zone 110 . More specifically, in this embodiment, the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the first core 150 have respective free ends 151 a , 152 b on different sides of the heating zone 110 . In this embodiment, the first arm 151 of the first core 150 is at the side, or one of the sides, of the recess 110 , and the second arm 152 of the first core 150 is at the second end 112 of the recess 110 .
  • the free end 151 a of the first arm 151 is at the side, or one of the sides, of the recess 110
  • the free end 152 a of the second arm 152 is at the second end 112 of the recess 110 .
  • the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 passes through the free end 152 a of the second arm 152 .
  • the respective free ends 151 a , 152 a of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the first core 150 face the heating zone 110 .
  • This arrangement helps provide that some magnetic field lines M 1 follow a first path that extends from the first core 150 and into the first heater 20 , whereas other magnetic field lines M 2 follow a second path that extends from the second core 250 and into the second heater 22 . That is, by positioning the second arm 152 at the second end 112 of the recess 110 , magnetic flux is encouraged to flow from the first core 150 into the first heater 20 , rather than into the second heater 22 .
  • a cross-sectional shape of the first arm 151 of the first core 150 parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially L-shaped. In other embodiments, the cross-sectional shape may be other than L-shaped, such as a 45-degree arc or bend. Further, in this embodiment, a cross-sectional shape of the second arm 152 of the first core 150 parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially C-shaped. In other embodiments, the cross-sectional shape may be other than C-shaped.
  • the coil 140 is wound around the first portion 155 of the first core 150 .
  • the coil 140 is wound around neither of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of the first core 150 .
  • the coil 140 extends generally along an axis that is parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 .
  • the volume encircled by the coil 140 comprises the first portion 155 of the first core 150 and is free of the heating zone 110 . That is, the coil 140 does not encircle the heating zone 110 . Accordingly, some portions of the coil 140 are located between the first portion 155 of the first core 150 and the heating zone 110 , and the first portion 155 of the first core 150 is located between some other portions of the coil 140 and the heating zone 110 .
  • the apparatus 300 and the article 3 are relatively dimensioned so that, when the article 3 is located is in the heating zone 110 , as shown in FIG. 4 , the varying magnetic field generated by the first coil 140 of the magnetic field generator 120 penetrates the first heater 20 of the article 3.
  • This penetration of the first heater 20 is indicated in FIG. 4 by the arrows M 1 .
  • the arrows M 1 in FIG. 4 represent one instantaneous magnetic field line of the magnetic field.
  • the magnetic field line follows a path that extends through the first portion 155 of the first core 150 , through the first arm 151 of the first core 150 to the first heater 20 , through the first heater 20 , from the first heater 20 to the second arm 152 of the first core 150 , and through the second arm 152 to the first portion 155 of the first core 150 . If the varying magnetic field is an alternating magnetic field, the direction of the magnetic field line would reverse repeatedly but still substantially lie on this path.
  • the magnetically permeable second core 250 comprises a magnetically permeable first portion 255 , a magnetically permeable first arm 251 , and a magnetically permeable second arm 252 .
  • the first arm 251 extends from a first end 255 a of the first portion 255 of the second core 250
  • the second arm 252 extends from a second end 255 b of the first portion 255 of the second core 250 .
  • the second end 255 b of the first portion 255 is opposite from the first end 255 a of the first portion 255 .
  • first and second arms 251 , 252 of the second core 250 are on the same side of the heating zone 110 .
  • the first and second arms 251 , 252 of the second core 250 may be on different sides of the heating zone 110 , such as opposite sides.
  • the first and second arms 251 , 252 of the second core 250 have respective free ends 251 a , 252 a that face the heating zone 110 .
  • a cross-sectional shape of each of the first and second arms 251 , 252 of the second core 250 parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially L-shaped.
  • the cross-sectional shape may be other than L-shaped, such as a 45-degree arc or bend.
  • the second coil 240 is wound around the first portion 255 of the second core 250 .
  • the second coil 240 is wound around neither of the first and second arms 251 , 252 of the second core 250 .
  • the second coil 240 extends generally along an axis that is parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 .
  • the volume encircled by the coil 240 comprises the first portion 255 of the second core 250 and is free of the heating zone 110 . That is, the second coil 240 does not encircle the heating zone 110 . Accordingly, some portions of the second coil 240 are located between the first portion 255 of the second core 250 and the heating zone 110 , and the first portion 255 of the second core 250 is located between some other portions of the second coil 240 and the heating zone 110 .
  • the apparatus 300 and the article 3 are relatively dimensioned so that, when the article 3 is located is in the heating zone 110 , as shown in FIG. 4 , the varying magnetic field generated by the second coil 240 penetrates the second heater 22 of the article 3.
  • This penetration of the second heater 22 is indicated in FIG. 4 by the arrows M 2 .
  • the arrows M 2 in FIG. 4 represent one instantaneous magnetic field line of the magnetic field.
  • the magnetic field line follows a path that extends through the first portion 255 of the second core 250 , through the first arm 251 of the second core 250 to the second heater 22 , through the second heater 22 , from the second heater 22 to the second arm 252 of the second core 250 , and through the second arm 252 to the first portion 255 of the second core 250 . If the varying magnetic field is an alternating magnetic field, the direction of the magnetic field line would reverse repeatedly but still substantially lie on this path.
  • some or all of the arms 151 , 152 , 251 , 252 of the cores 150 , 250 may even contact the article 3 when the article 3 is located in the heating zone 110 .
  • the smaller the surface area of each of the free ends 151 a , 152 a , 251 a , 252 a of the arms 151 , 152 , 251 , 252 the greater the concentration of the magnetic field passing through them in use.
  • the free ends 151 a , 152 a , 251 a , 252 a may take any of the forms discussed above.
  • the first portion 155 , 255 of the first or second core 150 , 250 is unitary or integral with each of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of that core 150 , 250 .
  • the first portion 155 , 255 of the first or second core 150 may be non-unitary with, and fastened to, one or both of the first and second arms 151 , 152 of that core 150 , 250 .
  • first and second coils 140 , 240 are shown as having only a few windings. However, in reality, each of the first and second coils 140 , 240 could comprise tens or hundreds of windings.
  • the heating zone 110 is a recess 110 .
  • the heating zone 110 may be other than a recess, such as a shelf, a surface, or a projection, and may require mechanical mating with the article 1, 2, 3 in order to co-operate with the article 1, 2, 3.
  • the recess 110 may be defined by the combination of the core(s) 150 , 250 and other, less or non-magnetically permeable material, such as a housing of the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 .
  • the housing may be made, for example, from a plastics material.
  • an impedance of the coil 140 , 240 of the magnetic field generator 120 is equal, or substantially equal, to an impedance of the heater 20 , 22 in the article 1, 2, 3. If the impedance of the heater 20 , 22 of the article 1, 2, 3 were instead lower than the impedance of the coil 140 , 240 , then the voltage generated across the heater 20 , 22 in use may be lower than the voltage that may be generated across the heater 20 , 22 when the impedances are matched.
  • the electrical current generated in the heater 20 , 22 in use may be lower than the current that may be generated in the heater 20 , 22 when the impedances are matched. Matching the impedances may help to balance the voltage and current to maximize the heating power generated by the heater 20 , 22 of the article 1, 2, 3 when heated in use.
  • the heating material of the heater 20 , 22 is aluminum.
  • the heating material may comprise one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: an electrically-conductive material, a magnetic material, and a magnetic electrically-conductive material.
  • the heating material may comprise a metal or a metal alloy.
  • the heating material may comprise one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: aluminum, gold, iron, nickel, cobalt, conductive carbon, graphite, plain-carbon steel, stainless steel, ferritic stainless steel, copper, and bronze. Other heating material(s) may be used in other embodiments.
  • the heating material may be magnetic.
  • magnetic electrically-conductive material when used as the heating material, magnetic coupling between the magnetic electrically-conductive material and an electromagnet of the apparatus in use may be enhanced. In addition to potentially enabling magnetic hysteresis heating, this can result in greater or improved Joule heating of the heating material, and thus greater or improved heating of the smokable material 20 .
  • the heating material of the heater 20 , 22 is in contact with the smokable material 10 .
  • the heating material may be kept out of contact with the smokable material 10 .
  • the article 1, 2, 3 may comprise a thermally-conductive barrier that is free of heating material and that spaces the heating material from the smokable material 10 .
  • the thermally-conductive barrier may be a coating on the heating material. The provision of such a barrier may be advantageous to help to dissipate heat to alleviate hot spots in the heating material.
  • the heating material may have a skin depth, which is an exterior zone within which most of an induced electrical current and/or induced reorientation of magnetic dipoles occurs.
  • a skin depth is an exterior zone within which most of an induced electrical current and/or induced reorientation of magnetic dipoles occurs.
  • a component comprising the heating material may comprise discontinuities or holes therein. Such discontinuities or holes may act as thermal breaks to control the degree to which different regions of the smokable material 10 are heated in use. Areas of the heating material with discontinuities or holes therein may be heated to a lesser extent that areas without discontinuities or holes. This may help progressive heating of the smokable material 10 , and thus progressive generation of vapor, to be achieved. Such discontinuities or holes may, on the other hand, be used to optimize the creation of complex eddy currents in use.
  • the smokable material 10 comprises tobacco.
  • the smokable material 10 may consist of tobacco, may consist substantially entirely of tobacco, may comprise tobacco and smokable material other than tobacco, may comprise smokable material other than tobacco, or may be free of tobacco.
  • the smokable material 10 may comprise a vapor or aerosol forming agent or a humectant, such as glycerol, propylene glycol, triacetin, or diethylene glycol.
  • the article 1, 2, 3 is a consumable article. Once all, or substantially all, of the volatilizable component(s) of the smokable material 10 in the article 1, 2, 3 has/have been spent, the user may remove the article 1, 2, 3 from the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 and dispose of the article 1, 2, 3. The user may subsequently re-use the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 with another of the articles 1, 2, 3.
  • the article 1, 2, 3 may be non-consumable, and the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 and the article 1, 2, 3 may be disposed of together once the volatilizable component(s) of the smokable material 20 has/have been spent.
  • the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 is sold, supplied or otherwise provided separately from the articles 1, 2, 3 with which the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 is usable.
  • the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 and one or more of the articles 1, 2, 3 may be provided together as a system 1000 , 2000 , 3000 , such as a kit or an assembly, possibly with additional components, such as cleaning utensils.
  • the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 may comprise a heater comprising heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field.
  • the core(s) may be shaped so as to encourage the flow of magnetic flux through the heater of the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 .
  • Such a heater of the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 may, for example, comprise a tubular heater that defines the heating zone 110 .
  • the article 1, 2, 3 may be free of heating material, and the smokable material may be heated by heat transferred from the heater of the apparatus 100 , 200 , 300 .
  • Embodiments could be implemented in a system comprising any one of the articles discussed herein, and any one of the apparatuses discussed herein, wherein the apparatus itself has heating material, such as in a susceptor, for heating by penetration with the varying magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generator. Heat generated in the heating material of the apparatus could be transferred to the article to heat, or further heat, the smokable material therein when the article is in the heating zone.
  • heating material such as in a susceptor

Abstract

Disclosed is apparatus for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material. The apparatus comprises a heating zone for receiving an article, and a magnetic field generator for generating a varying magnetic field that penetrates the heating zone. The article comprises smokable material and heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material. The magnetic field generator comprises a magnetically permeable core and a coil. The core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion. The coil is wound around the first portion of the core. The first and second arms of the core are on different sides of the heating zone.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • Embodiments relate to apparatus for heating smokable material, such as tobacco, to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, and to systems comprising such apparatus and articles comprising such smokable material and for use with such apparatus.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Smoking articles such as cigarettes, cigars and the like burn tobacco during use to create tobacco smoke. Attempts have been made to provide alternatives to these articles by creating products that release compounds without combusting. Examples of such products are so-called “heat not burn” products or tobacco heating devices or products, which release compounds by heating, but not burning, material. The material may be, for example, tobacco or other non-tobacco products, which may or may not contain nicotine.
  • SUMMARY
  • A first aspect of embodiments provides apparatus for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, the apparatus comprising:
  • a heating zone for receiving an article, the article comprising smokable material and heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material; and
  • a magnetic field generator for generating a varying magnetic field that penetrates the heating zone, the magnetic field generator comprising a magnetically permeable core and a coil;
  • wherein the core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, wherein the coil is wound around the first portion of the core, and wherein the first and second arms of the core are on different sides of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second arms of the core have respective free ends on different sides of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second arms of the core are on opposite sides of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second arms of the core have respective free ends on opposite sides of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the respective free ends of the first and second arms of the core face each other through the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the heating zone is elongate, and each of the first and second arms of the core is elongate in a direction parallel to a longitudinal axis of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second arms of the core extend from opposite ends of the first portion of the core.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the core comprises third and fourth arms extending from the first portion, and the third and fourth arms of the core are on opposite sides of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the first and third arms of the core extend from a first end of the first portion of the core, and the second and fourth arms of the core extend from an opposite second end of the first portion of the core.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the first, second, third and fourth arms connect the first portion of the core to a second portion of the core, and wherein the second portion of the core is on an opposite side of the heating zone from the first portion of the core.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the magnetic field generator comprises a second coil wound around the second portion of the core.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the heating zone has an open first end through which the article is insertable into the heating zone, a second end opposite the first end, and one or more sides connecting the first and second ends; and the first arm of the core is at the side, or one of the sides, of the heating zone, and the second arm of the core is at the second end of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second arms of the core have respective free ends; and the free end of the first arm of the core is at the side, or one of the sides, of the heating zone, and the free end of the second arm of the core is at the second end of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the respective free ends of the first and second arms of the core face the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the magnetic field generator comprises a magnetically permeable second core; and
  • the second core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, the second coil is wound around the first portion of the second core, and the first and second arms of the second core have respective free ends that face the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the core comprises, or is composed of, ferrite.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the first portion of the core is unitary with each of the first and second arms of the core.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the heating zone is a recess in the apparatus. In an exemplary embodiment, the heating zone is a recess in the core.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the core is comprises, or is composed of, ferrite.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the core comprises plural layers of electrically-conductive material that are isolated from one another by non-electrically-conductive material.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the coil extends along an axis that is perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the coil extends along an axis that is parallel to a longitudinal axis of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the apparatus is for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material without burning the smokable material.
  • A second aspect of embodiments provides a system, comprising:
  • an article comprising smokable material and a heater, wherein the heater comprises heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material; and
  • apparatus for heating the smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, the apparatus comprising:
      • a heating zone for receiving the article; and
      • a magnetic field generator for generating a varying magnetic field that penetrates the heater when the article is in the heating zone, the magnetic field generator comprising a magnetically permeable core and a coil;
      • wherein the core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, wherein the coil is wound around the first portion of the core, and wherein the first and second arms of the core are on different sides of the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the magnetic field generator comprises a magnetically permeable second core and a second coil; and
  • the second core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, the second coil is wound around the first portion of the second core, and the first and second arms of the second core have respective free ends that face the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the article comprises a second heater comprising heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material, and the respective free ends of the first and second arms of the second core face the second heater when the article is in the heating zone.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the smokable material of the article is located between the heater and the second heater.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the smokable material comprises tobacco and/or one or more humectants.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the heating material comprises one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: an electrically-conductive material, a magnetic material, and a magnetic electrically-conductive material.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the heating material comprises a metal or a metal alloy.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the heating material comprises one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: aluminum, gold, iron, nickel, cobalt, conductive carbon, graphite, plain-carbon steel, stainless steel, ferritic stainless steel, copper, and bronze.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, the article of the system is the article of the first aspect of embodiments. The article of the system may have any one or more of the features discussed above as being present in respective exemplary embodiments of the article of the first aspect.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • Embodiments will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
  • FIG. 1 shows a schematic view of an example of a magnetic field generator of apparatus for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material.
  • FIG. 2 shows a schematic perspective view of an example of a system, the system comprising an article comprising smokable material, and apparatus for heating the smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material.
  • FIG. 3 shows a schematic perspective view of an example of another system, the system comprising an article comprising smokable material, and apparatus for heating the smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material.
  • FIG. 4 shows a schematic partial cross-sectional view of an example of another system, the system comprising an article comprising smokable material, and apparatus for heating the smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • As used herein, the term “smokable material” includes materials that provide volatilized components upon heating, typically in the form of vapor or an aerosol. “Smokable material” may be a non-tobacco-containing material or a tobacco-containing material. “Smokable material” may, for example, include one or more of tobacco per se, tobacco derivatives, expanded tobacco, reconstituted tobacco, tobacco extract, homogenized tobacco or tobacco substitutes. The smokable material can be in the form of ground tobacco, cut rag tobacco, extruded tobacco, reconstituted tobacco, reconstituted smokable material, liquid, gel, gelled sheet, powder, or agglomerates, or the like. “Smokable material” also may include other, non-tobacco, products, which, depending on the product, may or may not contain nicotine. “Smokable material” may comprise one or more humectants, such as glycerol or propylene glycol.
  • As used herein, the term “heating material” or “heater material” refers to material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field.
  • As used herein, the terms “flavor” and “flavorant” refer to materials which, where local regulations permit, may be used to create a desired taste or aroma in a product for adult consumers. They may include extracts (e.g., licorice, hydrangea, Japanese white bark magnolia leaf, chamomile, fenugreek, clove, menthol, Japanese mint, aniseed, cinnamon, herb, wintergreen, cherry, berry, peach, apple, Drambuie, bourbon, scotch, whiskey, spearmint, peppermint, lavender, cardamom, celery, cascarilla, nutmeg, sandalwood, bergamot, geranium, honey essence, rose oil, vanilla, lemon oil, orange oil, cassia, caraway, cognac, jasmine, ylang-ylang, sage, fennel, piment, ginger, anise, coriander, coffee, or a mint oil from any species of the genus Mentha), flavor enhancers, bitterness receptor site blockers, sensorial receptor site activators or stimulators, sugars and/or sugar substitutes (e.g., sucralose, acesulfame potassium, aspartame, saccharine, cyclamates, lactose, sucrose, glucose, fructose, sorbitol, or mannitol), and other additives such as charcoal, chlorophyll, minerals, botanicals, or breath freshening agents. They may be imitation, synthetic or natural ingredients or blends thereof. They may be in any suitable form, for example, oil, liquid, gel, powder, or the like.
  • Induction heating is a process in which an electrically-conductive object is heated by penetrating the object with a varying magnetic field. The process is described by Faraday's law of induction and Ohm's law. An induction heater may comprise an electromagnet and a device for passing a varying electrical current, such as an alternating current, through the electromagnet. When the electromagnet and the object to be heated are suitably relatively positioned so that the resultant varying magnetic field produced by the electromagnet penetrates the object, one or more eddy currents are generated inside the object. The object has a resistance to the flow of electrical currents. Therefore, when such eddy currents are generated in the object, their flow against the electrical resistance of the object causes the object to be heated. This process is called Joule, ohmic, or resistive heating. An object that is capable of being inductively heated is known as a susceptor.
  • It has been found that, when the susceptor is in the form of a closed circuit, magnetic coupling between the susceptor and the electromagnet in use is enhanced, which results in greater or improved Joule heating.
  • Magnetic hysteresis heating is a process in which an object made of a magnetic material is heated by penetrating the object with a varying magnetic field. A magnetic material can be considered to comprise many atomic-scale magnets, or magnetic dipoles. When a magnetic field penetrates such material, the magnetic dipoles align with the magnetic field. Therefore, when a varying magnetic field, such as an alternating magnetic field, for example as produced by an electromagnet, penetrates the magnetic material, the orientation of the magnetic dipoles changes with the varying applied magnetic field. Such magnetic dipole reorientation causes heat to be generated in the magnetic material.
  • When an object is both electrically-conductive and magnetic, penetrating the object with a varying magnetic field can cause both Joule heating and magnetic hysteresis heating in the object. Moreover, the use of magnetic material can strengthen the magnetic field, which can intensify the Joule heating.
  • In each of the above processes, as heat is generated inside the object itself, rather than by an external heat source by heat conduction, a rapid temperature rise in the object and more uniform heat distribution can be achieved, particularly through selection of suitable object material and geometry, and suitable varying magnetic field magnitude and orientation relative to the object. Moreover, as induction heating and magnetic hysteresis heating do not require a physical connection to be provided between the source of the varying magnetic field and the object, design freedom and control over the heating profile may be greater, and cost may be lower.
  • Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown a schematic view of an example of a magnetic field generator 120 of apparatus for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, in accordance with an embodiment. The magnetic field generator 120 shown in FIG. 1 is included in the respective apparatuses 100, 200, 300 described below with reference to FIGS. 2 to 4, respectively. However, in other embodiments, the apparatus 100, 200, 300 may comprise a different magnetic field generator to that shown in FIG. 1.
  • In this embodiment, the magnetic field generator 120 comprises an electrical power source 130, a coil 140, a magnetically permeable core 150, a device 160 for passing a varying electrical current, such as an alternating current, through the coil 140, a controller 170, a user interface 180 for user-operation of the controller 170, and a temperature sensor 190.
  • In this embodiment, the electrical power source 130 is a rechargeable battery. In other embodiments, the electrical power source 130 may be other than a rechargeable battery, such as a non-rechargeable battery, a capacitor, a battery-capacitor hybrid, or a connection to a mains electricity supply.
  • The coil 140 may take any suitable form. In this embodiment, the coil 140 is a helical coil of electrically-conductive material, such as copper. The coil 140 is wound or wrapped around a portion of the magnetically permeable core 150.
  • The magnetically permeable core 150 concentrates the magnetic flux produced by the coil 140 in use and makes a more powerful magnetic field. Furthermore, the magnetically permeable core 150 helps to direct the magnetic flux to its intended target. The intended target in the embodiments discussed below is a heater 20, 22 of an article 1, 2, 3. The heater 20, 22 comprises heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field. Example such heating materials are discussed below. In the embodiments described below, the heater 20, 22 is for heating smokable material 10 of the article 1, 2, 3. In some embodiments, the coil 140 may be wound around only a portion (i.e. not all) of the magnetically permeable core 150.
  • The magnetically permeable core 150 can have high magnetic permeability and low electrical conductivity in embodiments. The latter helps prevent the generation of eddy currents in the magnetically permeable core 150 in use, which helps to prevent the magnetically permeable core 150 becoming heated in use.
  • In each of the embodiments described herein with reference to FIGS. 1 to 4, the magnetically permeable core 150 comprises, or is composed of, ferrite. The ferrite may, for example, contain iron oxide combined with nickel and/or zinc and/or manganese. The ferrite may have a low coercivity and be considered a “soft ferrite,” or have a high coercivity and be considered a “hard ferrite.” Example usable soft ferrites are manganese-zinc ferrite, with the formula MnaZn(1-a)Fe2O4, and nickel-zinc ferrite, with the formula NiaZn(1-a)Fe2O4. However, in respective variations to these embodiments, the magnetically permeable core 150 may be made of a different material or materials. For example, in some embodiments, the magnetically permeable core 150 may comprise plural layers of electrically-conductive material that are isolated from one another by non-electrically-conductive material. The magnetically permeable core 150 may have dozens, or even hundreds, of layers of electrically-conductive material that are isolated from one another by non-electrically-conductive material.
  • In this embodiment, the device 160 for passing a varying current through the coil 140 is electrically connected between the electrical power source 130 and the coil 140. In this embodiment, the controller 170 also is electrically connected to the electrical power source 130, and is communicatively connected to the device 160 to control the device 160. More specifically, in this embodiment, the controller 170 is for controlling the device 160, so as to control the supply of electrical power from the electrical power source 130 to the coil 140. In this embodiment, the controller 170 comprises an integrated circuit (IC), such as an IC on a printed circuit board (PCB). In other embodiments, the controller 170 may take a different form. In some embodiments, the apparatus may have a single electrical or electronic component comprising the device 160 and the controller 170. The controller 170 is operated in this embodiment by user-operation of the user interface 180. The user interface 180 may be located at the exterior of the apparatus 100, 200, 300 into which the magnetic field generator 120 is incorporated. The user interface 180 may comprise a push-button, a toggle switch, a dial, a touchscreen, or the like. In other embodiments, the user interface 180 may be remote and connected to the rest of the apparatus wirelessly, such as via Bluetooth.
  • In this embodiment, operation of the user interface 180 by a user causes the controller 170 to cause the device 160 to cause an alternating electrical current to pass through the coil 140, so as to cause the coil 140 to generate an alternating magnetic field. In the embodiments described below with reference to FIGS. 2 to 4, when the article 1, 2, 3 is located in the heating zone 110, the coil 140 and the heater 20 of the article 1, 2, 3 are suitably relatively positioned so that the alternating magnetic field produced by the coil 140 penetrates the heating material of the heater 20 of the article 1, 2, 3. As further described herein, the magnetically permeable core 150 helps to direct the magnetic field so that the magnetic field penetrates the heating material of the heater 20 of the article 1, 2, 3. When the heating material of the heater 20 of the article 1, 2, 3 is an electrically-conductive material, this may cause the generation of one or more eddy currents in the heating material. The flow of eddy currents in the heating material against the electrical resistance of the heating material causes the heating material to be heated by Joule heating. As mentioned above, when the heating material is made of a magnetic material, the orientation of magnetic dipoles in the heating material changes with the changing applied magnetic field, which causes heat to be generated in the heating material.
  • In this embodiment, the temperature sensor 190 is for sensing a temperature of the heating zone 110 in use. The temperature sensor 190 is communicatively connected to the controller 170, so that the controller 170 is able to monitor the temperature of the heating zone 110. In some embodiments, the temperature sensor 190 may be arranged to take an optical temperature measurement of the heating zone 110 or article 1, 2, 3. In some embodiments, the article 1, 2, 3 may comprise a temperature detector, such as a resistance temperature detector (RTD), for detecting a temperature of the article 1, 2, 3. The article 1, 2, 3 may further comprise one or more terminals connected, such as electrically-connected, to the temperature detector. The terminal(s) may be for making connection, such as electrical connection, with a temperature monitor of the magnetic field generator when the article 1, 2, 3 is in the heating zone 111. The controller 170 may comprise the temperature monitor. The temperature monitor of the apparatus 100 may thus be able to determine a temperature of the article 1, 2, 3 during use of the article 1, 2, 3 with the apparatus 100, 200, 300.
  • In some embodiments, by providing that the heating material of the heater 20 of the article 1, 2, 3 has a suitable resistance, the response of the heating material to a change in temperature could be sufficient to give information regarding temperature inside the article 1, 2, 3. The temperature sensor 190 may then comprise a probe for analyzing the heating material.
  • On the basis of one or more signals received from the temperature sensor 190 or temperature detector, the controller 170 may cause the device 160 to adjust a characteristic of the varying or alternating electrical current passed through the coil 140 as necessary, in order to ensure that the temperature of the heating zone 110 remains within a predetermined temperature range. The characteristic may be, for example, amplitude or frequency. Within the predetermined temperature range, in use the smokable material 10 within an article 1, 2, 3 located in the heating zone 110 is heated sufficiently to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 without combusting the smokable material 10. Accordingly, the controller 170, and the apparatus 100, 200, 300 as a whole, is arranged to heat the smokable material 10 to volatilize the at least one component of the smokable material 10 without combusting the smokable material 10. In some embodiments, the temperature range is about 50° C. to about 300° C., such as between about 50° C. and about 250° C., between about 50° C. and about 150° C., between about 50° C. and about 120° C., between about 50° C. and about 100° C., between about 50° C. and about 80° C., or between about 60° C. and about 70° C. In some embodiments, the temperature range is between about 170° C. and about 220° C. In other embodiments, the temperature range may be other than this range.
  • In some embodiments, the temperature sensor 190 may be omitted.
  • Referring to FIG. 2, there is shown a schematic perspective view of an example of a system according to an embodiment. The system 1000 comprises an article 1 comprising smokable material 10, and apparatus 100 for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10. In this embodiment, the apparatus 100 is for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 without burning the smokable material 10.
  • In this embodiment, the article 1 of the system 1000 comprises a heater 20 comprising heating material. The heating material is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field. The heater 20 is within the smokable material 10. In other embodiments, the smokable material 10 may be on only one side of the heater 20. The article 1 also comprises a cover 30 that encircles the smokable material 10 and the heater 20 to help maintain the relative positions of the smokable material 10 and the heater 20. The cover 30 may thermally insulate the interior of the cover 30 from the exterior of the cover 30. The cover 30 may electrically insulate the heater 20 from the core 150. The cover 30 may be made of any suitable material, such as paper, card, a plastics material, or the like. In other embodiments, the cover 30 may take a different form or be omitted.
  • In this embodiment, the article 1 is elongate and cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to a longitudinal axis of the article 1. However, in other embodiments, the article 1 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical. The article 1 may have proportions approximating those of a cigarette.
  • In this embodiment, the apparatus 100 comprises a heating zone 110 for receiving the article 1, and the magnetic field generator 120 shown schematically in FIG. 1. In this embodiment, the heating zone 110 is a recess in the apparatus 100. Moreover, in this embodiment, the heating zone 110 is a recess in the core 150. More specifically, in this embodiment, the recess 110 is elongate and has a longitudinal axis A-A. Furthermore, although not expressly shown in FIG. 2, in this embodiment the recess 110 is cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the recess 110. In other embodiments, the heating zone 110 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical. In this embodiment, the article 1 and the recess 110 are relatively dimensioned so that the article 1 is a snug fit in the recess 110.
  • In this embodiment, the core 150 of the magnetic field generator 120 comprises a magnetically permeable first portion 155, a magnetically permeable first arm 151, and a magnetically permeable second arm 152. The first arm 151 extends from a first end 155 a of the first portion 155 of the core 150, and the second arm 152 extends from a second end 155 b of the first portion 155 of the core 150. The second end 155 b of the first portion 155 is opposite from the first end 155 a of the first portion 155.
  • In this embodiment, the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150 are on opposite sides of the heating zone 110. More specifically, in this embodiment, the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150 have respective free ends 151 a, 152 b on opposite sides of the heating zone 110. The respective free ends 151 a, 152 a of the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150 face each other through the heating zone 110. Furthermore, in this embodiment, each of the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150 is elongate in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110.
  • In this embodiment, a cross-sectional shape of each of the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150 in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially L-shaped. In other embodiments, the cross-sectional shape may be other than L-shaped, such as a 45-degree arc or bend. In this embodiment, each of the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150 meets the first portion 155 of the core 150 at substantially ninety degrees. In other embodiments, this angle may be other than ninety degrees, such as between 10 and 170 degrees, between 30 and 150 degrees, between 45 degrees and 135 degrees, or between 60 and 120 degrees.
  • In this embodiment, the coil 140 is wound around the first portion 155 of the core 150. In this embodiment, the coil 140 is wound around neither of the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150. In this embodiment, the coil 140 extends generally along an axis that is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110. The volume encircled by the coil 140 comprises the first portion 155 of the core 150 and is free of the heating zone 110. That is, the coil 140 does not encircle the heating zone 110. Accordingly, some portions of the coil 140 are located between the first portion 155 of the core 150 and the heating zone 110, and the first portion 155 of the core 150 is located between some other portions of the coil 140 and the heating zone 110.
  • The apparatus 100 and the article 1 are relatively dimensioned so that, when the article 1 located is in the heating zone 110, as shown in FIG. 2, the varying magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generator 120 penetrates the heater 20 of the article 1. The geometry of the core 150 and the position of the core 150 relative to the heating zone 110, and the article 1 in use, help to direct the magnetic field so as to effect this penetration of the heater 20. This penetration of the heater 20 is indicated in FIG. 2 by the arrows M. The arrows M in FIG. 2 represent one instantaneous magnetic field line of the magnetic field. It can be seen that the magnetic field line follows a path that extends through the first portion 155 of the core 150, through the first arm 151 of the core 150 to the free end 151 a of the first arm 151, from the free end 151 a of the first arm 151 to the heater 20, through the heater 20, from the heater 20 to the free end 152 a of the second arm 152 of the core 150, and through the second arm 152 to the first portion 155 of the core 150. If the varying magnetic field is an alternating magnetic field, the direction of the magnetic field line would reverse repeatedly but still substantially lie on this path.
  • The closer the free ends 151 a, 152 a of the first and second arms 151, 152 are to the heater 20 of the article 1, the greater the proportion of the magnetic field that will be directed through the heater 20. In some embodiments, the free ends 151 a, 152 a of the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150 may even contact the article 1 when the article 1 is located in the heating zone 110. Moreover, the smaller the surface area of each of the free ends 151 a, 152 a of the first and second arms 151, 152, the greater the concentration of the magnetic field passing through them in use. For example, in some embodiments, the free ends 151 a, 152 a may be convex, may be edges of respective tapered portions of the first and second arms 151, 152, or may comprise one or more surface features such as ridges or lumps. In some embodiments, the heater 20, or edges thereof, of the article 1 may be suitably shaped to concentrate the magnetic field passing therethrough.
  • Referring to FIG. 3, there is shown a schematic perspective view of an example of another system according to an embodiment. The system 2000 comprises an article 2 comprising smokable material 10, and apparatus 200 for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10. In this embodiment, the apparatus 200 is for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 without burning the smokable material 10.
  • In this embodiment, the article 2 is the same as the article 1 of the system 1000 of FIG. 2, albeit rotated through ninety degrees in FIG. 3, and so will not be described again in detail. Any of the herein-described possible variations to the article 1 of FIG. 2 may be made to the article 2 of FIG. 3 to form separate respective embodiments.
  • In this embodiment, the apparatus 200 comprises a heating zone 110 for receiving the article 2, and the magnetic field generator 120 shown schematically in FIG. 1. In this embodiment, the heating zone 110 is a recess in the apparatus 200. Moreover, in this embodiment, the heating zone 110 is a recess in the core 150. More specifically, in this embodiment, the recess 110 is elongate and has a longitudinal axis A-A. Furthermore, although not expressly shown in FIG. 3, in this embodiment the recess 110 is cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the recess 110. In other embodiments, the heating zone 110 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical. In this embodiment, the article 2 and the recess 110 are relatively dimensioned so that the article 2 is a snug fit in the recess 110.
  • In this embodiment, the core 150 of the magnetic field generator 120 comprises a magnetically permeable first portion 155, a magnetically permeable first arm 151, a magnetically permeable second arm 152, a magnetically permeable third arm 153, and a magnetically permeable fourth arm 154. The first and third arms 151, 153 extend from a first end 155 a of the first portion 155 of the core 150, and the second and fourth arms 152, 154 extend from a second end 155 b of the first portion 155 of the core 150. The second end 155 b of the first portion 155 is opposite from the first end 155 a of the first portion 155.
  • In this embodiment, the first and fourth arms 151, 154 of the core 150 are on a first side of the heating zone 110, and the second and third arms 152, 153 are on a second side of the heating zone 110. The first side of the heating zone 110 is opposite to the second side of the heating zone 110. The first arm 151 faces the third arm 153 through the heating zone 110, and the fourth arm 154 faces the second arm 152 through the heating zone 110. Therefore, the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150 are on opposite sides of the heating zone 110, and the third and fourth arms 153, 154 of the core 150 are on opposite sides of the heating zone 110. Portions of the heating zone 110 are thus effectively located between the first and third arms 151, 153 and between the second and fourth arms 152, 154. In this embodiment, the first portion 155 of the core 150 is elongate in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110. Furthermore, in this embodiment, each of the first, second, third and fourth arms 151, 152, 153, 154 of the core 150 is elongate in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110.
  • In this embodiment, a cross-sectional shape of the combination of the first and third arms 151, 153 of the core 150 in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially C-shaped. Similarly, in this embodiment, a cross-sectional shape of the combination of the second and fourth arms 152, 154 of the core 150 perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially C-shaped. In other embodiments, these cross-sectional shapes may be other than C-shaped. In this embodiment, each of the first, second, third and fourth arms 151, 152, 153, 154 of the core 150 meets the first portion 155 of the core 150 at substantially ninety degrees. In other embodiments, this angle may be other than ninety degrees, such as between 10 and 170 degrees, between 30 and 150 degrees, between 45 degrees and 135 degrees, or between 60 and 120 degrees.
  • In this embodiment, the coil 140 is wound around the first portion 155 of the core 150. In this embodiment, the coil 140 is wound around neither of the first and second arms 151, 152 of the core 150. In this embodiment, the coil 140 extends generally along an axis that is parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110. The volume encircled by the coil 140 comprises the first portion 155 of the core 150 and is free of the heating zone 110. That is, the coil 140 does not encircle the heating zone 110. Accordingly, some portions of the coil 140 are located between the first portion 155 of the core 150 and the heating zone 110, and the first portion 155 of the core 150 is located between some other portions of the coil 140 and the heating zone 110.
  • The apparatus 200 and the article 2 are relatively dimensioned so that, when the article 2 located is in the heating zone 110, as shown in FIG. 3, the varying magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generator 120 penetrates the heater 20 of the article 2. The geometry of the core 150 and the position of the core 150 relative to the heating zone 110, and the article 2 in use, help to direct the magnetic field so as to effect this penetration of the heater 20. This penetration of the heater 20 is indicated in FIG. 3 by the arrows M. The arrows M in FIG. 3 represent a few instantaneous magnetic field lines of the magnetic field. It can be seen that the magnetic field lines follow paths that extend through the first portion 155 of the core 150, through the first or third arm 151, 153 of the core 150 to the heater 20, through the heater 20, from the heater 20 to the second or fourth arm 152, 14 of the core 150, and through the second or fourth arm 152, 154 to the first portion 155 of the core 150. If the varying magnetic field is an alternating magnetic field, the direction of the magnetic field lines would reverse repeatedly but still substantially lie on these paths.
  • The closer the arms 151, 152, 153, 154 of the core 150 are to the heater 20 of the article 2, the greater the proportion of the magnetic field that will be directed through the heater 20. In some embodiments, some or all of the arms 151, 152, 153, 154 of the core 150 may even contact the article 2 when the article 2 is located in the heating zone 110.
  • In a variation to the embodiment of FIG. 3, the arms 151, 152, 153, 154 of the core 150 may connect the first portion 155 of the core 150 to a second portion of the core 150. The second portion of the core may be on an opposite side of the heating zone 110 from the first portion 155 of the core 150. That is, the arms 151, 152, 153, 154 may not have respective free ends as illustrated, but instead may all be joined to one another by a portion of the core 150 similar to the first portion 155 of the core 150. The core 150 may be symmetrical about a plane that is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the heating zone 110. In such an embodiment, the first and second portions of the core 150 and the first and third arms 151, 153 of the core 150 would define a first window and the first and second portions of the core 150 and the second and fourth arms 152, 154 of the core 150 would define a second window. The longitudinal axis of the heating zone 110 may extend through one or both of the windows. Moreover, the heating zone 110 would extend through, or be accessible through, each of the windows. The magnetic field generator may comprise a second coil wound around the second portion of the core. In such a construction, a first set of magnetic field lines may follow the paths shown in FIG. 3, and a second set of magnetic field lines may follow paths that extend through the second portion of the core 150 in place of the first portion 155, through the arms 151, 152, 153, 154 and through the heater 20 of the article 2.
  • Referring to FIG. 4, there is shown a schematic perspective view of an example of another system according to an embodiment. The system 3000 comprises an article 3 comprising smokable material 10, and apparatus 300 for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10. In this embodiment, the apparatus 300 is for heating the smokable material 10 to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material 10 without burning the smokable material 10.
  • In this embodiment, the article 3 of the system 3000 comprises a mass of smokable material 10, a first heater 20, a second heater 22, and a cover 30.
  • Each of the first and second heaters 20, 22 comprises heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field. In this embodiment, the first heater 20 is in the form of a rod, and the second heater 22 is in the form of a tube that surrounds a portion of the first heater 20. In this embodiment, the first heater 20 is within the smokable material 10, and the second heater 22 surrounds the smokable material 10. Thus, the smokable material 10 is located between the first and second heaters 20, 22. In other embodiments, the first and second heaters 20, 22 may take different forms to those illustrated. However, in various embodiments the first heater 20 is out of contact with the second heater 22, as is the case in this embodiment.
  • The cover 30 of the article 3 encircles the smokable material 10 and the first and second heaters 20, 22 to help maintain the relative positions of the smokable material 10 and the heaters 20, 22. The cover 30 may be made of any suitable material, such as paper, card, a plastics material, or the like. In other embodiments, the cover 30 may take a different form or be omitted.
  • In this embodiment, the article 3 is elongate and cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to a longitudinal axis of the article 3. However, in other embodiments, the article 3 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical. The article 3 may have proportions approximating those of a cigarette.
  • In this embodiment, the apparatus 300 comprises a heating zone 110 for receiving the article 3, and a magnetic field generator. The magnetic field generator comprises all the components of the magnetic field generator 120 shown schematically in FIG. 1, as well as a second magnetically permeable core 250 and a second coil 240 wound around the second core 250, as will be described in more detail below. The device 160 is for passing a varying current through the second coil 240. The device 160 is electrically connected between the electrical power source 130 and the second coil 240. The electrical connection between the device 160 and the second coil 240 may be in parallel or in series to the electrical connection between the device 160 and the first coil 140.
  • The device 160 may be controllable by the controller 170 to pass a varying electrical current through one of the first and second coils 140, 240 independently of passing a varying electrical current through the other of the first and second coils 140, 240. For example, the controller 170 may cause an electrical current to be passed through the first coil 140 for a first period of time, and to then cause an electrical current to be passed through the second coil 240 for a second period of time. The second period of time may commence on expiry of the first period of time. Such actions may effect progressive heating of the smokable material 10 of the article 3.
  • In this embodiment, the heating zone 110 is a recess in the apparatus 300. More specifically, in this embodiment, the recess 110 has an open first end 111 through which the article 3 is insertable into the recess 110, a second end 112 opposite the first end 111, and one or more sides connecting the first and second ends 111, 112. The recess 110 is elongate and has a longitudinal axis A-A. Furthermore, although not expressly shown in FIG. 4, in this embodiment the recess 110 is cylindrical with a substantially circular cross section in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis A-A of the recess 110. In other embodiments, the heating zone 110 may have a cross section other than circular and/or not be elongate and/or not be cylindrical. In this embodiment, the article 3 and the recess 110 are relatively dimensioned so that the article 3 is a snug fit in the recess 110.
  • In this embodiment, the first core 150 of the magnetic field generator 120 comprises a magnetically permeable first portion 155, a magnetically permeable first arm 151, and a magnetically permeable second arm 152. The first arm 151 extends from a first end 155 a of the first portion 155 of the first core 150, and the second arm 152 extends from a second end 155 b of the first portion 155 of the first core 150. The second end 155 b of the first portion 155 is opposite from the first end 155 a of the first portion 155.
  • In this embodiment, the first and second arms 151, 152 of the first core 150 are on different sides of the heating zone 110. More specifically, in this embodiment, the first and second arms 151, 152 of the first core 150 have respective free ends 151 a, 152 b on different sides of the heating zone 110. In this embodiment, the first arm 151 of the first core 150 is at the side, or one of the sides, of the recess 110, and the second arm 152 of the first core 150 is at the second end 112 of the recess 110. More specifically, the free end 151 a of the first arm 151 is at the side, or one of the sides, of the recess 110, and the free end 152 a of the second arm 152 is at the second end 112 of the recess 110. In this embodiment, the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 passes through the free end 152 a of the second arm 152. The respective free ends 151 a, 152 a of the first and second arms 151, 152 of the first core 150 face the heating zone 110. This arrangement helps provide that some magnetic field lines M1 follow a first path that extends from the first core 150 and into the first heater 20, whereas other magnetic field lines M2 follow a second path that extends from the second core 250 and into the second heater 22. That is, by positioning the second arm 152 at the second end 112 of the recess 110, magnetic flux is encouraged to flow from the first core 150 into the first heater 20, rather than into the second heater 22.
  • In this embodiment, a cross-sectional shape of the first arm 151 of the first core 150 parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially L-shaped. In other embodiments, the cross-sectional shape may be other than L-shaped, such as a 45-degree arc or bend. Further, in this embodiment, a cross-sectional shape of the second arm 152 of the first core 150 parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially C-shaped. In other embodiments, the cross-sectional shape may be other than C-shaped.
  • In this embodiment, the coil 140 is wound around the first portion 155 of the first core 150. In this embodiment, the coil 140 is wound around neither of the first and second arms 151, 152 of the first core 150. In this embodiment, the coil 140 extends generally along an axis that is parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110. The volume encircled by the coil 140 comprises the first portion 155 of the first core 150 and is free of the heating zone 110. That is, the coil 140 does not encircle the heating zone 110. Accordingly, some portions of the coil 140 are located between the first portion 155 of the first core 150 and the heating zone 110, and the first portion 155 of the first core 150 is located between some other portions of the coil 140 and the heating zone 110.
  • The apparatus 300 and the article 3 are relatively dimensioned so that, when the article 3 is located is in the heating zone 110, as shown in FIG. 4, the varying magnetic field generated by the first coil 140 of the magnetic field generator 120 penetrates the first heater 20 of the article 3. The geometry of the first core 150 and the position of the first core 150 relative to the heating zone 110, and the article 3 in use, help to direct the magnetic field so as to effect this penetration of the first heater 20. This penetration of the first heater 20 is indicated in FIG. 4 by the arrows M1. The arrows M1 in FIG. 4 represent one instantaneous magnetic field line of the magnetic field. It can be seen that the magnetic field line follows a path that extends through the first portion 155 of the first core 150, through the first arm 151 of the first core 150 to the first heater 20, through the first heater 20, from the first heater 20 to the second arm 152 of the first core 150, and through the second arm 152 to the first portion 155 of the first core 150. If the varying magnetic field is an alternating magnetic field, the direction of the magnetic field line would reverse repeatedly but still substantially lie on this path.
  • The magnetically permeable second core 250 comprises a magnetically permeable first portion 255, a magnetically permeable first arm 251, and a magnetically permeable second arm 252. The first arm 251 extends from a first end 255 a of the first portion 255 of the second core 250, and the second arm 252 extends from a second end 255 b of the first portion 255 of the second core 250. The second end 255 b of the first portion 255 is opposite from the first end 255 a of the first portion 255.
  • In this embodiment, the first and second arms 251, 252 of the second core 250 are on the same side of the heating zone 110. In other embodiments, the first and second arms 251, 252 of the second core 250 may be on different sides of the heating zone 110, such as opposite sides. Moreover, the first and second arms 251, 252 of the second core 250 have respective free ends 251 a, 252 a that face the heating zone 110.
  • In this embodiment, a cross-sectional shape of each of the first and second arms 251, 252 of the second core 250 parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110 is substantially L-shaped. In other embodiments, the cross-sectional shape may be other than L-shaped, such as a 45-degree arc or bend.
  • In this embodiment, the second coil 240 is wound around the first portion 255 of the second core 250. In this embodiment, the second coil 240 is wound around neither of the first and second arms 251, 252 of the second core 250. In this embodiment, the second coil 240 extends generally along an axis that is parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the heating zone 110. The volume encircled by the coil 240 comprises the first portion 255 of the second core 250 and is free of the heating zone 110. That is, the second coil 240 does not encircle the heating zone 110. Accordingly, some portions of the second coil 240 are located between the first portion 255 of the second core 250 and the heating zone 110, and the first portion 255 of the second core 250 is located between some other portions of the second coil 240 and the heating zone 110.
  • The apparatus 300 and the article 3 are relatively dimensioned so that, when the article 3 is located is in the heating zone 110, as shown in FIG. 4, the varying magnetic field generated by the second coil 240 penetrates the second heater 22 of the article 3. The geometry of the second core 250 and the position of the second core 250 relative to the heating zone 110, and the article 3 in use, help to direct the magnetic field so as to effect this penetration of the second heater 22. This penetration of the second heater 22 is indicated in FIG. 4 by the arrows M2. The arrows M2 in FIG. 4 represent one instantaneous magnetic field line of the magnetic field. It can be seen that the magnetic field line follows a path that extends through the first portion 255 of the second core 250, through the first arm 251 of the second core 250 to the second heater 22, through the second heater 22, from the second heater 22 to the second arm 252 of the second core 250, and through the second arm 252 to the first portion 255 of the second core 250. If the varying magnetic field is an alternating magnetic field, the direction of the magnetic field line would reverse repeatedly but still substantially lie on this path.
  • The closer the arms 151, 152, 251, 252 of the first and second cores 150, 250 are to the first and second heaters 20, 22 of the article 3, the greater the proportion of the magnetic fields that will be directed through the first and second heaters 20, 22. In some embodiments, some or all of the arms 151, 152, 251, 252 of the cores 150, 250 may even contact the article 3 when the article 3 is located in the heating zone 110. Moreover, the smaller the surface area of each of the free ends 151 a, 152 a, 251 a, 252 a of the arms 151, 152, 251, 252, the greater the concentration of the magnetic field passing through them in use. The free ends 151 a, 152 a, 251 a, 252 a may take any of the forms discussed above.
  • In each of the above-described embodiments, the first portion 155, 255 of the first or second core 150, 250 is unitary or integral with each of the first and second arms 151, 152 of that core 150, 250. However, in some embodiments, the first portion 155, 255 of the first or second core 150 may be non-unitary with, and fastened to, one or both of the first and second arms 151, 152 of that core 150, 250.
  • In FIGS. 1 to 4, the first and second coils 140, 240 are shown as having only a few windings. However, in reality, each of the first and second coils 140, 240 could comprise tens or hundreds of windings.
  • In FIGS. 1 to 4, the heating zone 110 is a recess 110. In other embodiments, the heating zone 110 may be other than a recess, such as a shelf, a surface, or a projection, and may require mechanical mating with the article 1, 2, 3 in order to co-operate with the article 1, 2, 3. The recess 110 may be defined by the combination of the core(s) 150, 250 and other, less or non-magnetically permeable material, such as a housing of the apparatus 100, 200, 300. The housing may be made, for example, from a plastics material.
  • In some embodiments, an impedance of the coil 140, 240 of the magnetic field generator 120 is equal, or substantially equal, to an impedance of the heater 20, 22 in the article 1, 2, 3. If the impedance of the heater 20, 22 of the article 1, 2, 3 were instead lower than the impedance of the coil 140, 240, then the voltage generated across the heater 20, 22 in use may be lower than the voltage that may be generated across the heater 20, 22 when the impedances are matched. Alternatively, if the impedance of the heater 20, 22 of the article 1, 2, 3 were instead higher than the impedance of the coil 140, 240, then the electrical current generated in the heater 20, 22 in use may be lower than the current that may be generated in the heater 20, 22 when the impedances are matched. Matching the impedances may help to balance the voltage and current to maximize the heating power generated by the heater 20, 22 of the article 1, 2, 3 when heated in use.
  • In each of the embodiments discussed above, the heating material of the heater 20, 22 is aluminum. However, in other embodiments, the heating material may comprise one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: an electrically-conductive material, a magnetic material, and a magnetic electrically-conductive material. In some embodiments, the heating material may comprise a metal or a metal alloy. In some embodiments, the heating material may comprise one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: aluminum, gold, iron, nickel, cobalt, conductive carbon, graphite, plain-carbon steel, stainless steel, ferritic stainless steel, copper, and bronze. Other heating material(s) may be used in other embodiments. In some embodiments, the heating material may be magnetic. It has also been found that, when magnetic electrically-conductive material is used as the heating material, magnetic coupling between the magnetic electrically-conductive material and an electromagnet of the apparatus in use may be enhanced. In addition to potentially enabling magnetic hysteresis heating, this can result in greater or improved Joule heating of the heating material, and thus greater or improved heating of the smokable material 20.
  • In each of the articles 1, 2, 3 shown in FIGS. 2 to 4, the heating material of the heater 20, 22 is in contact with the smokable material 10. Thus, when the heating material is heated by penetration with a varying magnetic field, heat may be transferred directly from the heating material to the smokable material 10. In other embodiments, the heating material may be kept out of contact with the smokable material 10. For example, in some embodiments, the article 1, 2, 3 may comprise a thermally-conductive barrier that is free of heating material and that spaces the heating material from the smokable material 10. In some embodiments, the thermally-conductive barrier may be a coating on the heating material. The provision of such a barrier may be advantageous to help to dissipate heat to alleviate hot spots in the heating material.
  • In each of the embodiments discussed above, the heating material may have a skin depth, which is an exterior zone within which most of an induced electrical current and/or induced reorientation of magnetic dipoles occurs. By providing that the component comprising the heating material has a relatively small thickness, a greater proportion of the heating material may be heatable by a given varying magnetic field, as compared to heating material in a component having a depth or thickness that is relatively large as compared to the other dimensions of the component. Thus, a more efficient use of material is achieved. In turn, costs are reduced.
  • In some embodiments, a component comprising the heating material may comprise discontinuities or holes therein. Such discontinuities or holes may act as thermal breaks to control the degree to which different regions of the smokable material 10 are heated in use. Areas of the heating material with discontinuities or holes therein may be heated to a lesser extent that areas without discontinuities or holes. This may help progressive heating of the smokable material 10, and thus progressive generation of vapor, to be achieved. Such discontinuities or holes may, on the other hand, be used to optimize the creation of complex eddy currents in use.
  • In each of the above described embodiments, the smokable material 10 comprises tobacco. However, in respective variations to each of these embodiments, the smokable material 10 may consist of tobacco, may consist substantially entirely of tobacco, may comprise tobacco and smokable material other than tobacco, may comprise smokable material other than tobacco, or may be free of tobacco. In some embodiments, the smokable material 10 may comprise a vapor or aerosol forming agent or a humectant, such as glycerol, propylene glycol, triacetin, or diethylene glycol.
  • In each of the above described embodiments, the article 1, 2, 3 is a consumable article. Once all, or substantially all, of the volatilizable component(s) of the smokable material 10 in the article 1, 2, 3 has/have been spent, the user may remove the article 1, 2, 3 from the apparatus 100, 200, 300 and dispose of the article 1, 2, 3. The user may subsequently re-use the apparatus 100, 200, 300 with another of the articles 1, 2, 3. However, in other respective embodiments, the article 1, 2, 3 may be non-consumable, and the apparatus 100, 200, 300 and the article 1, 2, 3 may be disposed of together once the volatilizable component(s) of the smokable material 20 has/have been spent.
  • In some embodiments, the apparatus 100, 200, 300 is sold, supplied or otherwise provided separately from the articles 1, 2, 3 with which the apparatus 100, 200, 300 is usable. However, in some embodiments, the apparatus 100, 200, 300 and one or more of the articles 1, 2, 3 may be provided together as a system 1000, 2000, 3000, such as a kit or an assembly, possibly with additional components, such as cleaning utensils.
  • In some embodiments, the apparatus 100, 200, 300 may comprise a heater comprising heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field. The core(s) may be shaped so as to encourage the flow of magnetic flux through the heater of the apparatus 100, 200, 300. Such a heater of the apparatus 100, 200, 300 may, for example, comprise a tubular heater that defines the heating zone 110. In some such embodiments, the article 1, 2, 3 may be free of heating material, and the smokable material may be heated by heat transferred from the heater of the apparatus 100, 200, 300.
  • Embodiments could be implemented in a system comprising any one of the articles discussed herein, and any one of the apparatuses discussed herein, wherein the apparatus itself has heating material, such as in a susceptor, for heating by penetration with the varying magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generator. Heat generated in the heating material of the apparatus could be transferred to the article to heat, or further heat, the smokable material therein when the article is in the heating zone.
  • In order to address various issues and advance the art, the entirety of this disclosure shows by way of illustration and example various embodiments in which that which is claimed may be practiced and which provide for superior apparatus for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, and superior systems comprising such apparatus and articles for use with such apparatus. The advantages and features of the disclosure are of a representative sample of embodiments only, and are not exhaustive and/or exclusive. They are presented only to assist in understanding and teach the claimed and otherwise disclosed features. It is to be understood that advantages, embodiments, examples, functions, features, structures and/or other aspects of the disclosure are not to be considered limitations on the disclosure as defined by the claims or limitations on equivalents to the claims, and that other embodiments may be utilized and modifications may be made without departing from the scope and/or spirit of the disclosure. Various embodiments may suitably comprise, consist of, or consist in essence of, various combinations of the disclosed elements, components, features, parts, steps, means, etc. The disclosure may include other inventions not presently claimed, but which may be claimed in future.

Claims (25)

1. An apparatus for heating smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, the apparatus comprising:
a heating zone for receiving an article, the article comprising smokable material and heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material; and
a magnetic field generator for generating a varying magnetic field that penetrates the heating zone, the magnetic field generator comprising a magnetically permeable core and a coil;
wherein the core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, wherein the coil is wound around the first portion of the core, and wherein the first and second arms of the core are on different sides of the heating zone.
2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the first and second arms of the core have respective free ends on different sides of the heating zone.
3. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the first and second arms of the core are on opposite sides of the heating zone.
4. The apparatus of claim 3, wherein the first and second arms of the core have respective free ends on opposite sides of the heating zone.
5. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein the respective free ends of the first and second arms of the core face each other through the heating zone.
6. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the heating zone is elongate, and wherein each of the first and second arms of the core is elongate in a direction parallel to a longitudinal axis of the heating zone.
7. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the first and second arms of the core extend from opposite ends of the first portion of the core.
8. The apparatus of claim 3, wherein the core comprises third and fourth arms extending from the first portion, and wherein the third and fourth arms of the core are on opposite sides of the heating zone
9. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the first and third arms of the core extend from a first end of the first portion of the core, and the second and fourth arms of the core extend from an opposite second end of the first portion of the core.
10. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the first, second, third and fourth arms connect the first portion of the core to a second portion of the core, and wherein the second portion of the core is on an opposite side of the heating zone from the first portion of the core.
11. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the heating zone has an open first end through which the article is insertable into the heating zone, a second end opposite the first end, and one or more sides connecting the first and second ends; and
wherein the first arm of the core is at the side, or one of the sides, of the heating zone, and the second arm of the core is at the second end of the heating zone.
12. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the first and second arms of the core have respective free ends; and
wherein the free end of the first arm of the core is at the side, or one of the sides, of the heating zone, and the free end of the second arm of the core is at the second end of the heating zone.
13. The apparatus of claim 12, wherein the respective free ends of the first and second arms of the core face the heating zone.
14. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the magnetic field generator comprises a magnetically permeable second core and a second coil; and
wherein the second core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, wherein the second coil is wound around the first portion of the second core, and wherein the first and second arms of the second core have respective free ends that face the heating zone.
15. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the core comprises, or is composed of, ferrite.
16. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the first portion of the core is unitary with each of the first and second arms of the core.
17. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the heating zone is a recess in the apparatus or a recess in the core.
18. A system, comprising:
an article comprising smokable material and a heater, wherein the heater comprises heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material; and
apparatus for heating the smokable material to volatilize at least one component of the smokable material, the apparatus comprising:
a heating zone for receiving the article, and
a magnetic field generator for generating a varying magnetic field that penetrates the heater when the article is in the heating zone, the magnetic field generator comprising a magnetically permeable core and a coil;
wherein the core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, wherein the coil is wound around the first portion of the core, and wherein the first and second arms of the core are on different sides of the heating zone.
19. The system of claim 18, wherein the magnetic field generator comprises a magnetically permeable second core and a second coil; and
wherein the second core comprises a magnetically permeable first portion and magnetically permeable first and second arms extending from the first portion, wherein the second coil is wound around the first portion of the second core, and wherein the first and second arms of the second core have respective free ends that face the heating zone.
20. The system of claim 19, wherein the article comprises a second heater comprising heating material that is heatable by penetration with a varying magnetic field to heat the smokable material, wherein the respective free ends of the first and second arms of the second core face the second heater when the article is in the heating zone.
21. The system of claim 20, wherein the smokable material of the article is located between the heater and the second heater.
22. The system of claim 18, wherein the smokable material comprises tobacco and/or one or more humectants.
23. The system of claim 18, wherein the heating material comprises one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: an electrically-conductive material, a magnetic material, and a magnetic electrically-conductive material.
24. The system of claim 18, wherein the heating material comprises a metal or a metal alloy.
25. The system of claim 18, wherein the heating material comprises one or more materials selected from the group consisting of: aluminum, gold, iron, nickel, cobalt, conductive carbon, graphite, plain-carbon steel, stainless steel, ferritic stainless steel, copper, and bronze.
US14/927,529 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Apparatus for Heating Smokable Material Abandoned US20170119046A1 (en)

Priority Applications (22)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14/927,529 US20170119046A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Apparatus for Heating Smokable Material
EP23151931.5A EP4188035A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
US15/772,382 US11452313B2 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
BR112018008505-7A BR112018008505A2 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 apparatus for heating smokable material and system
KR1020207011681A KR20200045008A (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
EP19216472.1A EP3656233B1 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
PL19216472.1T PL3656233T3 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
RU2018115279A RU2682771C1 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Device for heating of smoking material
KR1020187012346A KR20180059916A (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smoking materials
KR1020237010078A KR20230044332A (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
AU2016344640A AU2016344640B2 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
HUE16798646A HUE048396T2 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
CN201680061969.7A CN108348005A (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 For heating the equipment that can light sucked material
PL16798646T PL3367827T3 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
EP16798646.2A EP3367827B1 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
JP2018519865A JP6690862B2 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Equipment for heating smoking material
ES16798646T ES2770368T3 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
CA3003514A CA3003514A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
RU2019107212A RU2019107212A (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 DEVICE FOR HEATING SMOKING MATERIAL
PCT/EP2016/075734 WO2017072144A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
HK18114317.7A HK1255194A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2018-11-08 Apparatus for heating smokable material
US17/930,474 US20230000163A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2022-09-08 Apparatus for heating smokable material

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14/927,529 US20170119046A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Apparatus for Heating Smokable Material

Related Child Applications (2)

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PCT/EP2016/075734 Continuation WO2017072144A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
US15/772,382 Continuation US11452313B2 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material

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US14/927,529 Abandoned US20170119046A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Apparatus for Heating Smokable Material
US15/772,382 Active 2037-01-21 US11452313B2 (en) 2015-10-30 2016-10-26 Apparatus for heating smokable material
US17/930,474 Pending US20230000163A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2022-09-08 Apparatus for heating smokable material

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US17/930,474 Pending US20230000163A1 (en) 2015-10-30 2022-09-08 Apparatus for heating smokable material

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US (3) US20170119046A1 (en)
EP (3) EP3656233B1 (en)
JP (1) JP6690862B2 (en)
KR (3) KR20230044332A (en)
CN (1) CN108348005A (en)
AU (1) AU2016344640B2 (en)
BR (1) BR112018008505A2 (en)
CA (1) CA3003514A1 (en)
ES (1) ES2770368T3 (en)
HK (1) HK1255194A1 (en)
HU (1) HUE048396T2 (en)
PL (2) PL3367827T3 (en)
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US11576424B2 (en) * 2017-04-05 2023-02-14 Altria Client Services Llc Susceptor for use with an inductively heated aerosol-generating device or system
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