CN100381083C - Electronic nonflammable spraying cigarette - Google Patents

Electronic nonflammable spraying cigarette Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100381083C
CN100381083C CNB031115829A CN03111582A CN100381083C CN 100381083 C CN100381083 C CN 100381083C CN B031115829 A CNB031115829 A CN B031115829A CN 03111582 A CN03111582 A CN 03111582A CN 100381083 C CN100381083 C CN 100381083C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cigarette
pump
nicotine
control circuit
valve
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB031115829A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1541577A (en
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韩力
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韩力
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Priority to CNB031115829A priority Critical patent/CN100381083C/en
Publication of CN1541577A publication Critical patent/CN1541577A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K9/00Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form
    • A61K9/0012Galenical forms characterised by the site of application
    • A61K9/007Pulmonary tract; Aromatherapy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F40/00Electrically operated smoking devices; Component parts thereof; Manufacture thereof; Maintenance or testing thereof; Charging means specially adapted therefor
    • A24F40/50Control or monitoring
    • A24F40/51Arrangement of sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes, e.g. in liquid form
    • A24B15/10Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/16Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes of tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/167Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes of tobacco substitutes in liquid or vaporisable form, e.g. liquid compositions for electronic cigarettes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F40/00Electrically operated smoking devices; Component parts thereof; Manufacture thereof; Maintenance or testing thereof; Charging means specially adapted therefor
    • A24F40/10Devices using liquid inhalable precursors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F40/00Electrically operated smoking devices; Component parts thereof; Manufacture thereof; Maintenance or testing thereof; Charging means specially adapted therefor
    • A24F40/40Constructional details, e.g. connection of cartridges and battery parts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F40/00Electrically operated smoking devices; Component parts thereof; Manufacture thereof; Maintenance or testing thereof; Charging means specially adapted therefor
    • A24F40/40Constructional details, e.g. connection of cartridges and battery parts
    • A24F40/42Cartridges or containers for inhalable precursors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F40/00Electrically operated smoking devices; Component parts thereof; Manufacture thereof; Maintenance or testing thereof; Charging means specially adapted therefor
    • A24F40/40Constructional details, e.g. connection of cartridges and battery parts
    • A24F40/48Fluid transfer means, e.g. pumps
    • A24F40/485Valves; Apertures
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F40/00Electrically operated smoking devices; Component parts thereof; Manufacture thereof; Maintenance or testing thereof; Charging means specially adapted therefor
    • A24F40/60Devices with integrated user interfaces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M15/00Inhalators
    • A61M15/0065Inhalators with dosage or measuring devices
    • A61M15/0068Indicating or counting the number of dispensed doses or of remaining doses
    • A61M15/008Electronic counters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M15/00Inhalators
    • A61M15/06Inhaling appliances shaped like cigars, cigarettes or pipes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0042Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries characterised by the mechanical construction
    • H02J7/0045Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries characterised by the mechanical construction concerning the insertion or the connection of the batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B1/00Details of electric heating devices
    • H05B1/02Automatic switching arrangements specially adapted to apparatus ; Control of heating devices
    • H05B1/0202Switches
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B1/00Details of electric heating devices
    • H05B1/02Automatic switching arrangements specially adapted to apparatus ; Control of heating devices
    • H05B1/0227Applications
    • H05B1/023Industrial applications
    • H05B1/0244Heating of fluids
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/0014Devices wherein the heating current flows through particular resistances
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES
    • A24F40/00Electrically operated smoking devices; Component parts thereof; Manufacture thereof; Maintenance or testing thereof; Charging means specially adapted therefor
    • A24F40/90Arrangements or methods specially adapted for charging batteries thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/18General characteristics of the apparatus with alarm
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/82Internal energy supply devices
    • A61M2205/8206Internal energy supply devices battery-operated

Abstract

The present invention relates to an electronic nonflammable spraying cigarette without harmful tar oil, which only contains nicotinamide (nicotine). The cigarette comprises a cigarette holder-shaped whole body composed of a casing body, a battery, a high-frequency generator, nicotine storing liquid, a container, a control circuit, a display screen, an air flow sensor, a touch sensor for a human body, a piezoelectric ultrasonic atomizer, a high-temperature gasifying nozzle and an accessory, wherein an electrothermal gasifying nozzle arranged on the air suction end in the casing body passes through an electric control pump or a valve connected with a metering cavity, and a liquid storing capsule connected with the electric control pump or the valve is filled with nicotine liquid and is provided with a one-way liquid filling valve. Four output ends on a control circuit board are respectively connected with the high frequency generator, an electric heater, a pump or a valve and the display screen, and a body resistance sensor and the air flow sensor are connected to the input end of the control circuit. The present invention has the advantages of no tar during smoking, and the carcinogenesis risk is reduced largely. A user still has the sense and the excitement of smoking, and the cigarette does not need ignition and does not have fire damage.

Description

A kind of non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of harmful tar that do not contain, only contain the non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette of nicotine (nicotine).
Background technology
Become under the situation of general knowledge current " Smoking is harmful to your health ", the whole world still has 1,000,000,000 people's smokings at present, and annual this numeral is also enlarging, the international ban on opium-smoking and the opium trade agreement of first that on March 1st, 2003, The World Health Organization (WHO) passed through " Framework Convention on Tobacco Control ", the numeral that provides according to WHO shows, smoking causes 4,900,000 people's death every year, although smoking can cause serious respiratory disease and cancer, the smoker to give up smoking fully is an exceedingly difficult thing.
The effective ingredient of cigarette is nicotine (being nicotine); the a large amount of tar droplets that produce when nicotine is along with cigarette combustion during smoking absorb rapidly after entering alveolar; nicotine acts on the acceptor of central nervous system after being absorbed into blood; cause similar anti-depressant " euphoria ", as having a dizzy spell or smug sensation that the smoker experienced.
Nicotine is little molecular biosciences alkali, harmless substantially to human body under low dose, and the half-life in blood is extremely short. the harmful substance of tobacco mainly is a tar, tobacco tar is made up of hundreds of compositions, and it is carcinogenic substances that tens of kinds of compositions are wherein arranged. confirm that at present secondary smoking is bigger to non-smoker's harm.
In order to seek the cigarette substitute that only contains nicotine and do not conform to harmful tar, it is to make such as " smoking cessation is pasted " with purer nicotine that many inventions are arranged, " nicotine contains the water of coughing ", " be packaged in the high pressure gas holder spray of propellant ", " nicotinamide chewing gum " products such as " nicotine beverages ", though these products do not have the harm of tar, but because of nicotine absorbs slowly, in blood, can not set up effective peak concentration, can not solve the sensation of demand nicotine " enjoyable ", also deprived simultaneously the custom of " taking out " " suctions " that the smoker formed, thereby the conduct that similar products like can not be real give up smoking articles for use or cigarette substitute.
Summary of the invention
The present invention relates to a kind of non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette, avoided above-mentioned shortcoming, more approaching real hommization cigarette with smoking cessation and cigarette substitute effect.
A kind of non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette of the present invention, a kind of non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette, it is characterized in that comprising housing, battery, radio-frequency generator, nicotine storage liquid and container, control circuit board, display screen, pneumatic sensor, the human body feeler, atomizer is formed, described atomizer comprises electric heat and gasification jet pipe and ultrasonic piezoelectric patches, the described electric heat and gasification jet pipe (17) that is installed in the interior suction end of housing (6) is through automatically controlled pump (11) or be connected with the valve of measurement chamber and link to each other with the storage sol capsule (13) that the unidirectional liquid-filling valve of nicotine solution band (12) is housed that links to each other with automatically controlled pump or valve, radio-frequency generator in ultrasonic piezoelectric patches (20) the connection control circuit plate (8) that electric heat and gasification jet pipe (17) outside adheres to, 4 outputs on the control circuit board (8) connect radio-frequency generator, the electric heat and gasification jet pipe, pump or valve and display screen, a human body feeler (19) and a pneumatic sensor (18) are connected the input of control circuit; Front end in the housing (6) also comprises a battery and red light emitting diodes, constitutes the integral body of a cigarette holder shape, tobacco pipe shape or the form of a stroke or a combination of strokes jointly.
The present invention is further characterized in that the radio-frequency generator on the described control circuit board is to constitute by bikini electric capacity oscillator, bikini inductor oscillating device or by the transformer type oscillating circuit, frequency has frequency automatic trimming circuit and ultrasonic piezoelectric patches (20) resonance at 35KHz to 3.3MHz in the circuit; Described storage sol capsule (13) is made by silicon rubber; Described unidirectional liquid-filling valve (12) by sphere or taper thing at the spring pressure lower seal; Described pneumatic sensor (18) is made by the integrated thin-film thermistor array; Described human body feeler (19) is resistance or capacitance type transducers, and its electrode is to be made of two metallic films up and down at the cigarette holder end; Described automatically controlled pump (11) is peristaltic pump, plunger displacement pump, eccentric driven pump or screw pump; Described electric heat and gasification jet pipe (17) is to make with the exotic material of lower thermal conductivity, internal diameter is the tubule of 0.05~2mm, effectively active length is 3~20mm, electrical heating elements is housed in the pipe, the electric heat and gasification jet pipe with conventional ceramic, aluminum silicate ceramic, titanium oxide, zirconia, yttrium, dissolve silicon, silica, dissolve aluminium oxide, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), carbon fiber or glass fibre make, and is shaped as straight tube-like or helical form; Electrical heating elements in the described electric heat and gasification jet pipe is made with nichrome wire, Aludirome silk, stainless steel wire, spun gold, platinum filament or tungsten-molybdenum alloy silk, be shaped as linearity, single-screw shape, double helix shape, boundling shape or boundling helical form, or electrical heating elements is to apply heating coating at the electric heat and gasification nozzle wall to constitute, coating is electric ceramic material, semi-conducting material or corrosion resistant metal film, and metal film is golden film, nickel film, chromium film, platinum film or molybdenum film; Described nicotine storage liquid is to be made of nicotine, propane diols, glycerine, organic acid, antioxidant, essence, water, ethanol, wherein the content of nicotine between 0.1%-6%, content of propylene glycol 80%-90%, organic acid content 2%, surplus be glycerine, essence, antioxidant, water and ethanol.
This cigarette can comprise housing, battery, radio-frequency generator, nicotine storage liquid and container, control circuit, display screen, pneumatic sensor, the human body feeler, atomizer, the cigarette holder shape integral body that electric heat and gasification jet pipe and annex are formed, the electric heat and gasification jet pipe that is installed in suction end in the housing through automatically controlled pump or be connected with the valve of measurement chamber and the storage sol capsule that the unidirectional liquid-filling valve of nicotine solution band is housed of linking to each other with automatically controlled pump or valve continuous, radio-frequency generator in the ultrasonic piezoelectric patches connection control circuit plate that the electric heat and gasification jet pipe outside adheres to, 4 outputs on the control circuit board connect radio-frequency generator, electric heater, pump or valve and display screen, human body feeler and pneumatic sensor are connected the input of control circuit; Front end in the housing also comprises a battery and red light emitting diodes, cigarette holder shape of common formation, the integral body of the tobacco pipe shape or the form of a stroke or a combination of strokes. electric heater and the pump of control circuit in the gasification jet pipe provides starting current to make the nicotine solution in sump assemblies pump into the gasification jet pipe, under the high temperature dither ripple condition of liquid in the gasification jet pipe, the gasification ejection is condensed into smoke-like rapidly, the duty of control circuit is started by the human body feeler and the pneumatic sensor that are connected on the control circuit, the LCD by numeral or the figure display working condition and the number of starts.By the battery of control circuit to pump, radio-frequency generator, electrical heating elements power supply, can be disposable, also can be chargeable battery.
The invention also discloses a simple non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette, this device comprises the electrothermal drive pump that a quantitative chamber is arranged that an electrically heated gasification jet pipe is connected with the gasification jet pipe, an also available batcher and magnetic valve or electric heating valve replace having the pump in quantitative chamber, be connected to the storage sol capsule that is filled with nicotine solution, this storage sol capsule is made with high anti-tear silicon rubber, imposing compressed air or super-elasticity element on storage sol capsule can make storage liquid flow out automatically, it is first-selected that Ultimum Ti super-elasticity element should be. and it has comprised that a control circuit is respectively to electrical heating elements, pump or valve provide operating current, the duty of control circuit board is started by the human body feeler that is connected on the control circuit, and the power supply that is connected control circuit is chargeable battery.
The advantage that the present invention has is, smoking does not have tar, reduces carcinogenic risk greatly, and the user still has the feeling and excitement of smoking, need not to light no fire hazard.
Device of the present invention and syndeton can be packed conventional medicine into for the feeding drug into pulmones apparatus after the storage liquid container is changed a little.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure drawing of device in the example 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a circuit structure block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of electric heat and gasification jet pipe of the present invention and electrical heating elements structure.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of memorial alloy valve of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of memorial alloy peristaltic pump of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of peristaltic pump of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the electronic cigarette structure chart in the example 2 of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the pressure type electronic cigarette structure chart in the example 3 of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the reduced form pressure type electronic cigarette structure chart in the example 4 of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the measurement chamber structure chart in the example 4 of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Radio-frequency generator on the control circuit board 8 is by bikini electric capacity oscillator, bikini inductor oscillating device or constitute by the transformer type oscillating circuit, frequency is at 35KHz to 3.3MHz, have frequency automatic trimming circuit and ultrasonic piezoelectric patches 20 resonance in the circuit. nicotine storage sol capsule 13 is made by silicon rubber, and the macromolecular compound that is immersed by nicotine can not use yet. unidirectional liquid-filling valve 12 by sphere or taper thing at the spring pressure lower seal. pneumatic sensor 18 is made by the integrated thin-film thermistor array.The electrode of human body feeler 19 is to be made of two metallic films up and down at the cigarette holder end, contact formation human body contact-making switch in the change input control circuit of back capacitance-resistance parameter with human body.Automatically controlled pump 11 is to be driven by motor or linear electric motors, the decelerator that drives large speed ratio through shaft coupling drives running with the low velocity high pulling torque, pump can be peristaltic pump, plunger displacement pump, eccentric driven pump or screw pump, liquid pump also can use piezoelectric pump and ultra-magnetic telescopic pump and thermal expansion driving pump, thermal contraction driving pump, thermal pump.
Valve can be the thermal contraction valve, this valve is caused to shrink to oppress at electric heating by Ultimum Ti or copper-based memory alloy silk and constitutes on silicone rubber tube. and electric heat and gasification jet pipe 17 is to make with the exotic material of lower thermal conductivity, internal diameter is the tubule of 0.05-2mm, effectively active length is 3-20mm, electrical heating elements is housed in the pipe, and electrical heating elements and lumen shape design help liquid gasification and ejection; Electric heat and gasification jet pipe 17 can be made with conventional ceramic, or aluminum silicate ceramic, titanium oxide, zirconia, yttrium, dissolve silicon, silica, dissolving aluminium oxide makes, be shaped as straight tube-like or helical form, also available polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), carbon fiber, the similar material of glass fibre or performance is made. and the electrical heating elements in the electric heat and gasification jet pipe 17 can be used nichrome wire, the Aludirome silk, stainless steel wire, spun gold, platinum filament, the tungsten-molybdenum alloy silk is made, be shaped as linearity, the single-screw shape, the double helix shape, the boundling shape, spiral boundling shape serves as preferred with linearity and boundling helical form wherein; Electrical heating elements can be the form heating that applies heating coating at the inwall of pipe, and coating can be the electric ceramic material, semi-conducting material, and the corrosion resistant metal film, as gold, nickel, chromium, platinum, molybdenum; Painting method can adopt coating sintering process, chemical deposition sintering process and ion splash; The mode of heating of high-temperature gasification jet pipe can be contained in the tube wall of jet pipe with above-mentioned material and mode, makes jet pipe with high-resistance metal and can not adorn heating wire, feeds heating current directly for the metal jet pipe; Also available above-mentioned material and mode are contained in the outside of jet pipe, also can obtain the suitable response time in the power supply mode of short preheating. and the nicotine solution that is used to atomize is by nicotine, propane diols, glycerine, organic acid, antioxidant, essence, water, ethanol constitutes; Wherein content 0.1%-6%, the content of propylene glycol 80%-90% of nicotine, organic acid content 0.20/0-20%, surplus are glycerine, essence, antioxidant, water and ethanol.
Example 1: the structure chart that is this device as shown in Figure 1.
Its basic principle is when being placed on cigarette holder on the mouth, human body feeler 19 start-up control circuit boards 8, control circuit board is exported two driving voltages respectively, one is given the electrical heating elements power supply of electric heat and gasification jet pipe 17, its two startups Micropump 11 (structure is seen Fig. 6), pump into storage liquid by storage sol capsule 13 to jet pipe 17, nicotine solution is gasificated into high-temperature steam and sprays to openend on the electrical heating elements of jet pipe, steam after the ejection expands in atmosphere and is condensed into the mist droplet of cigarette shape. and the effect with ultrasonic piezoelectric patches 20 on the jet pipe is: the one, make the big drop that is in the unstable thermal current of high pressure fully contact gasification with electrical heating elements, the 2nd, to being in the directly broken atomizing of drop in the jet pipe, the 3rd, the bumping problem of solution liquid when being above the boiling point. comprehensive atomizing effect can make the smog fogdrop diameter at 0.2-3 μ m.Easier the entering in the alveolar of Da Xiao droplet absorbs like this, responsive its transducing signal input control circuit of diluent air stream that pneumatic sensor 18 enters air admission hole 16 when " suction " action takes place, after delaying time, ending power supply to Micropump and heater. the time-delay of Micropump and heater is closed and is: behind heater starting, Micropump starts after 0.1-0.5 delays time second, the Micropump control circuit cuts out back time-delay 0.2-0.5 post-heater second and cuts out, its objective is in the noresidue that is gasified totally of quantitative transfusion back liquid. the volume of nicotine storage sol capsule can be designed to different sizes as required, can replenish a nicotine solution every day, also can replenish once a couple of days.But LCDs 10 display working condition parameters, as battery capacity, aspirate number of times every day, use average period, the excessive caution of number of times. red light emitting diodes 3 flashes of light in each suction, flashing signal provides a sawtooth signal of 1.2 seconds by control circuit, and the brightness that makes flash of light be gradually changeable changes, and the brightness of glistening with the burning of simulation smoking changes. and 1 among Fig. 1 is cradle, 2 are the charging hole, 4 is spring, and 6 is housing, and 7 is screw thread, 9 is switch, 14 is pipeline, and 15 is dividing plate. 601 among Fig. 6 is silicone tube, and 602 is pinch roller, 603 is worm screw, and 604 is motor.
Do not get rid of in the design of the present invention with micromechanics (MEMS) principle control circuit and ultrasonic Micropump are produced on a technology path on the silicon chip.
Example 2: reduced form electronic cigarette
Fig. 7 is the structure chart of this reduced form, has wherein saved radio-frequency generator and piezoelectric patches 20.For guaranteeing atomizing effect, use meticulous heating wire to cooperate (structure is seen Fig. 3) with jet pipe, make the aperture of one or more gasification chambers of heating wire and nozzle wall formation, the maximum diameter of hole is between 0.02-0.6mm, the effect of the pneumatic sensor 18 that saves is replaced as end signal after the control circuit board time-delay by the initialize signal of resistive-capacitive sensor 119. and its structure is the heat drive pump 111 (structure is seen Fig. 5) made of electric heat and gasification jet pipe 117 logotype Ultimum Ti silks and the liquid transporting apparatus of forming with the storage sol capsule 113 that heat drive pump joins, 2 outputs on the control circuit board 108 connect electric heater, pump or valve, a human body feeler 119 is connected the input of control circuit; Front end in the housing also comprises a battery 105 and cigarette holder shape of red light emitting diodes 103 common formations, the integral body of the tobacco pipe shape or the form of a stroke or a combination of strokes. heat drive pump is to shrink the sebific duct peristaltic pump by the electric heating that Ultimum Ti or copper-based memory alloy silk are made, causing three points of oppressing silicone tube in the contraction process respectively at electric heating and constitute a pressure chamber that pumps liquid. the quantitative chamber in the heat drive pump determines the solution amount of each smoking atomizing, human body feeler 119 is contacting back start-up control circuit 108 with lip, control circuit starts the back provides operating current to heat drive pump and electric heater, the delay time output of closing control circuit after 2 seconds, restart when treating next smoking. also can select thermal expansion driving pump and thermal pump for use, the thermal expansion driving pump is the miniature hydrogen capsule obstruction inlet when electric heating causes expansion by a built-in heating, open liquid outlet forms the pressure chamber that pumps liquid. and the thermal pump is that liquid gasifies fast and forms the pressure chamber that pumps liquid on electrical-heating film.Among Fig. 7 102 is the charging hole, and 103 is light emitting diode, and 105 is battery, and 109 is switch, and 112 is prefill valve, and 116 is pore.
Among Fig. 3 401 is contact conductor, and 402 is heating wire, and 403 is screw thread, and 404 is pedestal, and 405 is jet pipe.Among Fig. 5 501 is support, and 502 are extension spring, and 503 for pumping pressing plate, and 504 is silicone tube, and 505 for ending pressing plate, and 506 is the top spring, and 507 is memory alloy wire, and 508 is electrode A, and 509 is electrode B, and 510 is electrode C.
Example 3: Ultimum Ti electronic spraying cigarette
Fig. 8 is its structure chart, the electric heat and gasification jet pipe 217 of this device is connected to storage sol capsule 213 through operated pneumatic valve 220, super-elasticity element 210 is connected to and stores the pressing plate 211 that the sol bag pressure leans on, operated pneumatic valve is by air bladder 214, magnet steel ring 218, steel needle 220 and back-moving spring 221 constitute. and use Ultimum Ti super-elasticity element 210 to impose constant voltage by 211 pairs of storages of pressing plate sol capsule, the liquid that contains nicotine when operated pneumatic valve is opened flows into the electric heat and gasification jet pipe from reservoir through pneumatic operated valve, gasification at high temperature is condensed into " cigarette ", human body feeler start-up control circuit board behind the contact lip is powered to electrical heating elements, when being used as aspiratory action, the pneumatic operated valve diaphragm is subjected to suction function to drive the moving valve needle movements of nd-fe-b permanent magnetic alloy ring suction, needle is opened feed flow, pneumatic operated valve resets after the control circuit time-delay stopped electric heater being powered after 0.5 second, among Fig. 8 203 is light emitting diode, 202 are the charging hole, 205 is battery, 208 is control circuit, 209 is switch, 212 is prefill valve, 215 is dividing plate, 216 is pore, and 219 is electric resistance sensor.
Example 4: the electronic atomized cigarette that uses the air bag pressurization
The electrically-controlled valve 311 (structure see Fig. 4) of the electric heat and gasification jet pipe 317 of this device (see figure 9) through being connected with measurement chamber 320 constitutes liquid supplying passage with storage sol capsule 313, storage sol capsule periphery has a gas container that charges into high pressure nitrogen that storage sol capsule is exerted pressure to impel liquid to carry, when control signal acts on electrically-controlled valve, electrically-controlled valve is opened, the solution that contains nicotine is flowing into measurement chamber and promotes constant volume liquid that piston makes the piston opposite side and enter the gasification of gasification jet pipe through electrically-controlled valve and be condensed into vaporific from storing the sol capsule under the effect of pressure. and the measurement chamber that is connected with on the valve of measurement chamber is the cylinder body with liquid-inlet and outlet, form by piston that has micropore and the back-moving spring that is connected on the piston in the cylinder body, regulate and control the duty of electrically-controlled valve and electrical heating elements respectively by the control circuit of human body feeler 319 startups, after primary atomization finishes, resetting at 5--8 inner carrier second under the effect of oozing phenomenon and back-moving spring slowly of the micropore in the piston in the measurement chamber. 305 among Fig. 9 is battery, 321 is pressure bottle, 322 is the balancing gate pit, 323 is that mouth is revolved in sealing, 308 is control circuit board, and 316 is pore.
Among Fig. 4 406 is silicone tube, and 407 for ending pressing plate, and 408 is memory alloy wire, and 409 is support, 410 is contact conductor, and 411 is compression spring. 701 among Figure 10 is inlet, and 702 is piston, and 703 is the piston micropore, 704 is measurement chamber, and 705 is back-moving spring, and 706 are outlet.
The prescription of sub-atomized cigarette is used to power:
1. nicotine 6% propane diols 85% glycerine 2% essence 2% organic acid 1% antioxidant 1%
2. nicotine 4% propane diols 80% glycerine 5% valeric acid fourth fat 1%
Sour isoamyl fat 1% cinnamyl cinnamate 0.6% Ergol 0.4%
Methyl 2-octynoate 0.5% cognac oil 0.2% caproic acid is ester 0.3%
Geranyl butyrate 2% menthol 0.5% citric acid 0.5% tobacco essence 4%
3. nicotine 2% propane diols 90% citric acid 2.5% essence 1% tobacco essence 4.5%
4. nicotine 0.1% propane diols 80% glycerine 5% ethanol 8% water 2.9%
Smart 1% organic acid 2% of essence 1% tobacco

Claims (10)

1. non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette, it is characterized in that comprising housing, battery, radio-frequency generator, nicotine storage liquid and container, control circuit board, display screen, pneumatic sensor, the human body feeler, atomizer is formed, described atomizer comprises electric heat and gasification jet pipe and ultrasonic piezoelectric patches, the described electric heat and gasification jet pipe (17) that is installed in the interior suction end of housing (6) is through automatically controlled pump (11) or be connected with the valve of measurement chamber and link to each other with the storage sol capsule (13) that the unidirectional liquid-filling valve of nicotine solution band (12) is housed that links to each other with automatically controlled pump or valve, radio-frequency generator in ultrasonic piezoelectric patches (20) the connection control circuit plate (8) that electric heat and gasification jet pipe (17) outside adheres to, 4 outputs on the control circuit board (8) connect radio-frequency generator, the electric heat and gasification jet pipe, pump or valve and display screen, a human body feeler (19) and a pneumatic sensor (18) are connected the input of control circuit; Front end in the housing (6) also comprises a battery and red light emitting diodes, constitutes the integral body of a cigarette holder shape, tobacco pipe shape or the form of a stroke or a combination of strokes jointly.
2. according to the described non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette of claim 1, it is characterized in that radio-frequency generator on the described control circuit board is to constitute by bikini electric capacity oscillator, bikini inductor oscillating device or by the transformer type oscillating circuit, frequency has frequency automatic trimming circuit and ultrasonic piezoelectric patches (20) resonance at 35KHz to 3.3MHz in the circuit.
3. non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette according to claim 1 is characterized in that described storage sol capsule (13) made by silicon rubber.
4. non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described unidirectional liquid-filling valve (12) by sphere or taper thing at the spring pressure lower seal.
5. non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette according to claim 1 is characterized in that described pneumatic sensor (18) made by the integrated thin-film thermistor array.
6. non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette according to claim 1 is characterized in that described human body feeler (19) is resistance or capacitance type transducers, and its electrode is to be made of two metallic films up and down at the cigarette holder end.
7. according to the described non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette of claim 1, it is characterized in that described automatically controlled pump (11) is peristaltic pump, plunger displacement pump, eccentric driven pump or screw pump.
8. non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described electric heat and gasification jet pipe (17) is to make with the exotic material of lower thermal conductivity, internal diameter is the tubule of 0.05~2mm, effectively active length is 3~20mm, electrical heating elements is housed in the pipe, the electric heat and gasification jet pipe with conventional ceramic, aluminum silicate ceramic, titanium oxide, zirconia, yttrium, dissolve silicon, silica, dissolve aluminium oxide, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), carbon fiber or glass fibre make, and is shaped as straight tube-like or helical form.
9. non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette according to claim 8, it is characterized in that the electrical heating elements in the described electric heat and gasification jet pipe makes with nichrome wire, Aludirome silk, stainless steel wire, spun gold, platinum filament or tungsten-molybdenum alloy silk, be shaped as linearity, single-screw shape, double helix shape, boundling shape or boundling helical form, or electrical heating elements is to apply heating coating at the electric heat and gasification nozzle wall to constitute, coating is electric ceramic material, semi-conducting material or corrosion resistant metal film, and metal film is golden film, nickel film, chromium film, platinum film or molybdenum film.
10. non-combustible electronic spraying cigarette according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described nicotine storage liquid is to be made of nicotine, propane diols, glycerine, organic acid, antioxidant, essence, water, ethanol, wherein the content of nicotine between 0.1%-6%, content of propylene glycol 80%-90%, organic acid content 2%, surplus be glycerine, essence, antioxidant, water and ethanol.
CNB031115829A 2003-04-29 2003-04-29 Electronic nonflammable spraying cigarette Expired - Fee Related CN100381083C (en)

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CNB031115829A CN100381083C (en) 2003-04-29 2003-04-29 Electronic nonflammable spraying cigarette
EA200501704A EA009532B1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A non-smokable electronic spray cigarette
CA2874924A CA2874924C (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 An electronic cigarette light source with a gradual changing luminance
JP2006504199A JP2006524494A (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 Non-flammable electronic spray cigarette
BRPI0407944-2B1A BRPI0407944B1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 electronic cigarette
DK04718242T DK1618803T3 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 Flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
AU2004234199A AU2004234199B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
RU2005115958/12A RU2336001C2 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 Flameless electronic spray cigarette
DE602004018125T DE602004018125D1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 FLAMELLESS, ELECTRONICALLY DESTROYING CIGARETTE
SI200431011T SI1618803T1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
US10/547,244 US20060196518A1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 Flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
CA3040282A CA3040282A1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 An electronic cigarette light source with a gradual changing luminance
CA2518174A CA2518174C (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A non-smokable electronic spray cigarette
CA2752134A CA2752134C (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A non-smokable electronic spray cigarette
AT04718242T AT415831T (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 FLAMELLESS, ELECTRONICALLY DESTROYING CIGARETTE
EP04718242A EP1618803B1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
PL379020A PL213491B1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
ES04718242T ES2316969T3 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 NON-SMOKING ELECTRONIC SPRAYING CIGARETTE.
PT04718242T PT1618803E (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
CA3060495A CA3060495A1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 Electronic cigarette
KR1020057009767A KR100971178B1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
PL04718242T PL1618803T3 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
MXPA05009191A MXPA05009191A (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A flameless electronic atomizing cigarette.
PCT/CN2004/000182 WO2004095955A1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 A flameless electronic atomizing cigarette
UAA200511258A UA89752C2 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-03-08 Non-smokable electronic spray cigarette
MYPI20041407A MY138404A (en) 2003-04-29 2004-04-16 A non-smokable electronic spray cigarette
TW093111573A TWI320698B (en) 2003-04-29 2004-04-26
HK05103745.7A HK1070791A1 (en) 2003-04-29 2005-05-03 A fameless electronic atomizing cigarette
CY20081101507T CY1108677T1 (en) 2003-04-29 2008-12-30 ELECTRONIC SPRAY CIGAR NOISE
US13/088,276 US8511318B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2011-04-15 Electronic cigarette
US13/548,659 US20120273589A1 (en) 2003-04-29 2012-07-13 Electronic cigarette
US13/921,582 US8910641B2 (en) 2003-04-20 2013-06-19 Electronic cigarette
US14/289,366 US8899239B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2014-05-28 Electronic cigarette
US14/328,561 US9364027B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2014-07-10 Electronic cigarette
US15/080,341 USRE47573E1 (en) 2003-04-29 2016-03-24 Electronic cigarette
US15/091,296 US9713346B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2016-04-05 Electronic cigarette
US15/169,929 US9717279B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2016-06-01 Electronic cigarette
US15/632,030 US10123569B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2017-06-23 Electronic cigarette
US15/895,147 US10327478B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2018-02-13 Electronic cigarette
US15/914,940 US10856580B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2018-03-07 Vaporizing device
US16/002,230 US10342264B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2018-06-07 Electronic cigarette
US16/794,210 US11039649B2 (en) 2003-04-29 2020-02-18 Electronic cigarette
US17/120,026 US20210093000A1 (en) 2003-04-29 2020-12-11 Electronic cigarette

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EP (1) EP1618803B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2006524494A (en)
KR (1) KR100971178B1 (en)
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CA (5) CA2518174C (en)
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DE (1) DE602004018125D1 (en)
DK (1) DK1618803T3 (en)
EA (1) EA009532B1 (en)
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