CN104303969A - Chinese rose water planting cutting propagation method - Google Patents

Chinese rose water planting cutting propagation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104303969A
CN104303969A CN201410506415.6A CN201410506415A CN104303969A CN 104303969 A CN104303969 A CN 104303969A CN 201410506415 A CN201410506415 A CN 201410506415A CN 104303969 A CN104303969 A CN 104303969A
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cuttings
cutting
nutrient solution
chinese rose
water
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CN201410506415.6A
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CN104303969B (en
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张桂玲
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临沂大学
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

A Chinese rose water planting cutting propagation method belongs to the field of research on plant propagation and aims to solve the problems that in Chinese rose cutting, the humidity and temperature are hard to control, a cutting base substrate easily carries diseases and insect pests, the cutting nutrition is quickly consumed and the like. The method can realize the cutting propagation annually, is good in environment controllability and has the survival rate of more than 95%. The method comprises the steps of selection and processing of cutting slips, preparation of a nutrient solution, water planting, daily management and seedling hardening and transplanting. The cutting slips are cut by 10-15cm, and are soaked in a 500-diluted 30% carbendazin emulsion for 5-15 minutes, the lower parts of the cutting slips are soaked in a 30-50mg/Kg ABT NO.2 rooting powder solution for 2-4 hours, are placed into a self-made cutting box, and are cultured by a 1/2 Hoagland nutrient solution of which the temperature is 20-25 DEG C, the cutting slips are aerated by 2-3 times every day, the nutrient solution is replaced every 7 days, when cutting seedling roots grow to 1-2cm long, the cutting slips are transplanted into a field, and are watered once every day, the watering frequency is gradually reduced after four days, direct light is avoided, and the cutting slips can survive in 8-10 days.

Description

Chinese rose Water culture propagation method

Technical field

The invention belongs to plant propagation research field, particularly relate to Chinese rose Technique on Cuttage Propagation.

Background technology

Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis) is rose family Rosa fallen leaves or half evergreen shrubs, is one of large famous flower in the world ten, have strong adaptability, florescence long, spend that numerous look gorgeous, ornamental value high, be widely used.The vegetative manner of Chinese rose has the methods such as grafting, cuttage, plant division, press strip and group training, and wherein cottage propagation is the propagation method generally used during Chinese rose produces.

Traditional Chinese rose cottage method mainly matrix cottage propagation, at present research is more, and the research such as Luo Jie shows, with vermiculite and perlite better as cutting medium, the people such as Yan Haixia then think peat: the matrix effect of perlite=2:1 is better; Fruit friend loyalty sets up full light fog system to improve cuttage survival rate, and the research such as Ran Yongjun finds that different modern rose cultivars full exposure spraying cutting plantation is best with Chinese rose imperial court kind effect; The people such as Niu Yanting find 2, it is the highest to red Hybrid Tea cuttage survival rate when 4-D concentration is 25mg/L, Li Lei then thinks IAA, 2, the root system facilitation effect of mixed liquor to Rosa floribunda that 4-D, NAA concentration is 90mg/L is remarkable, more than studying is only that certain link from Chinese rose cuttage is studied, and has certain limitation.Liana rosa indica cuttage breeding method has been invented by Tianjin Binhai International Flower Science & Technology Park Co., Ltd, and the method for quick cultivation of long-stem standard rose using cutting with long shoots has been invented by Flower Research Institute(FRI) of Yunnan, these two kinds of methods are also matrix cuttages, and limit by kind.Can find from above research and patent of invention, traditional Chinese rose matrix cottage method stays the internal factors such as leaf area by the hereditary capacity of Chinese rose, branch age, cuttings, and the such environmental effects such as season, temperature, cutting medium, growth regulator is comparatively large, so often there is the problems such as same cottage method is little to the alternative scope of kind, cutting time is subject to seasonal restrictions, cuttage temperature and humidity controls difficulty, the portable damage by disease and insect of cutting medium, cuttings nutrient consumption are too fast in production application.

In order to solve during Chinese rose cuttage is produced the above problem occurred, my research finds, in room conditions, self-control cuttage case is utilized to carry out Water culture, all cottage propagation can be carried out throughout the year, cuttings survival rate can reach more than 95, possesses the advantages such as Fruit variety scope is wide, take root fast, reproductive efficiency is high, simple to operate, environment controllability is good, convenient management, can realize factorial praluction.

Summary of the invention

In order to overcome the deficiency of current technology, the invention provides Chinese rose Water culture propagation method, concrete technical scheme is as follows:

The selection of 1 cuttings and process

Select that current growth is healthy and strong, bud is good, disease-free spray or semi-lignified branch, clip cutting length 10 ~ 15cm, upper clip distance one, upper end bud is about 1cm, parallel with joint, clip smooth surface, smooth; Bottom clip is 0.5cm under joint, is cut into 45 degree of inclined-planes; Every root cuttings retains 2 ~ 3, top leaf.Cuttings be placed in 30% carbendazim emulsion, 500 times of liquid and soak 10 ~ 15min, then cuttings bottom is immersed in 3 ~ 50mg/Kg ABT2 rooting powder solution, dark 2cm, and the time is 2 ~ 4h, and the cuttings after processing needs moisturizing to place 1 ~ 2d;

?the preparation of 2 nutrient solutions

Inorganic nutrients are provided with the 1/2Hoagland nutrient solution of improvement, formula is: four water-calcium nitrate 473mg/L, potassium nitrate 253mg/L, ammonium nitrate 40mg/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 68mg/L, magnesium sulfate 247mg/L, iron salt solutions 2.5ml, liquid microelement 5ml, iron salt solutions: ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 1.39g, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 1.87g, distilled water 500ml, liquid microelement: potassium iodide 0.42mg/L, boric acid 3.1mg/L, manganese sulphate 11.2mg/L, zinc sulphate 4.3mg/L, sodium molybdate 0.13mg/L, copper sulphate 0.013mg/L, cobalt chloride 0.013mg/L.PH value 6.5 ~ 7.Finally add active carbon (AC) 5.0g/L;

3 water plantings are cultivated

Every 10-15 cuttings is bundled into a branch of, be put into (60cm(long) × 40cm(in the cuttage case made of glass adding culture fluid wide) × 26cm(is high)), cuttage case is by fixed head, gripper shoe is divided into, in, lower three layers, upper level is 5cm, middle layer height is 6cm, lower layer height is 15cm, make often to restraint cuttings through fixing hole (aperture: 5.5cm, pitch-row: 1cm) fixing, gripper shoe below has support and buffer action to cuttings, cuttings is avoided to submerge completely in culture fluid, the nutrient solution added will not have gripper shoe 3 ~ 5cm, and cuttings is tilted 30 ~ 45 degree, average every square meter can put into cuttings about 2500, because cuttings otch is easily taken root under lucifuge condition, so the outside gobo of the middle level of cuttage case and lower floor carries out shading treatment, cuttage case lower floor is placed with Bubbled stone and heating rod, by oxygen pump and heating rod to culture fluid oxygenation, heat,

4 daily managements

Room temperature need remain on 20 ~ 30 DEG C, and solution temperature controls at 20 ~ 25 DEG C, beats oxygen every day 2 ~ 3 times, each 30min, every 7d change a culture fluid, cuttage case be put into direct sunlight less than place, keep well-ventilated, if find that there is aphid, flolimat 1000 times of liquid can be sprayed.The suspension of sulphur more than 50% and 75% tpn wetting powder, 600 times of liquid 1 time are sprayed to prevent powdery mildew in rainy season.Cuttings is taken root for about 17 days, and the kind of not easily taking root is taken root for about 30 days;

5 acclimatization and transplantses

When the cuttings young root of water planting grow to 1 ~ 2cm long time, portable is in furrow, and planting depth is 5cm, and because the young root in early stage grows in water, in order to allow it conform, after transplanting, every day waters 1 water, successively decreases, avoids direct light, within 8 ~ 10 days, can survive after 4 days.

beneficial effect

Often there is the problems such as same cottage method is little to the alternative scope of kind, cutting time is subject to seasonal restrictions, cuttage temperature and humidity controls difficulty, the portable damage by disease and insect of cutting medium, cuttings nutrient consumption are too fast in production application.My research finds, in room conditions, self-control cuttage case is utilized to carry out Water culture, all cottage propagation can be carried out throughout the year, cuttings survival rate can reach more than 95, possess the advantages such as applicable variety is wide, take root fast, reproductive efficiency is high, simple to operate, environment controllability is good, convenient management, can factorial praluction be realized.

accompanying drawing explanation

Figure is Chinese rose cuttage box structure figure

Wherein Reference numeral is: 1. cuttage case; 2. fixed head; 3. gripper shoe; 4. flexible pipe; 5. Bubbled stone; 6. heating rod; 7. permeable hole: aperture 0.3cm; 8. discharging valve; 9. heating rod power line; 10. fixing hole: aperture 5.5cm

embodiment

1 process after cuttings need moisturizing place 1 ~ 2d, promote wound healing, be conducive to taking root;

Add active carbon in 2 nutrient solutions and contribute to cutting BPH resistant rice variety, hestening rooting;

The blade that 3 Chinese rose cuttings retain can synthesize nutrition needed for cutting and hormone, owing to being adopt Solution culture method, so the excessive water evaporation do not existed in cuttings and occur withered phenomenon;

4 owing to immersing in nutrient solution the bottom of cuttings, and the air humidity on its top can reach 70% ~ 80%, so do not need artificially to increase air humidity;

Permeable hole diameter in gripper shoe in 5 cuttage casees is 0.3cm, and pitch-row is 2cm, can play a supporting role to cuttings, and liquid nutrient flow can be made again smooth and easy;

6 illumination can suppress the growth of Chinese rose root system, so cuttage case middle level and lower floor need carry out shading treatment with gobo, can avoid algal grown simultaneously, only make cuttings upper exposed under natural daylight;

7 nutrient solution liquid levels will keep not having gripper shoe 3 ~ 5cm, and liquid level declines and need supplement in time with distilled water;

8 nutrient solutions can engender nutrient imbalance through the absorption of Chinese rose cuttings, and germ constantly breeds and accumulates, so nutrient solution needs change once for every 7d days, by the discharging valve bottom cuttage case, nutrient solution is bled off, cuttage case is rinsed well, rejoins new nutrient solution;

9 Chinese rose Water culture breedings all can be carried out the whole year, and not by the restriction of the Chinese rose season of growth, and the range of choice of cuttings is comparatively wide, from spray to lignified branch raw then, comprise out the spray of spending;

Otch generation brown stain below 10 cuttings, quinones substance oozes people in nutrient solution, can affect cuttage rooting, so add in nutrient solution, active carbon is adsorbable has inhibiting brown quinones substance to growth;

11 due to the present invention's nutrient solution cuttage, and the cuttage of traditional cottage method matrix, solve the portable damage by disease and insect of matrix, cuttings nutrient consumption is too fast, the problem of nutrient supply deficiency;

12 Chinese rose cottage propagation steps are as follows:

The selection of 12.1 cuttings and process

Select that current growth is healthy and strong, bud is good, disease-free spray or semi-lignified branch, clip cutting length 10 ~ 15cm, upper clip distance one, upper end bud is about 1cm, parallel with joint, clip smooth surface, smooth; Bottom clip is 0.5cm under joint, is cut into 45 degree of inclined-planes; Every root cuttings retains 2 ~ 3, top leaf.Cuttings be placed in 30% carbendazim emulsion, 500 times of liquid and soak 10 ~ 15min, then cuttings bottom is immersed in 30 ~ 50mg/Kg ABT2 rooting powder solution, dark 2cm, and the time is 2 ~ 4h, and the cuttings after processing needs moisturizing to place 1 ~ 2d;

12.2the preparation of nutrient solution

Inorganic nutrients are provided with the 1/2Hoagland nutrient solution of improvement, formula is: filling a prescription is: four water-calcium nitrate 473mg/L, potassium nitrate 253mg/L, ammonium nitrate 40mg/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 68mg/L, magnesium sulfate 247mg/L, iron salt solutions 2.5ml, liquid microelement 5ml, iron salt solutions: ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 1.39g, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 1.87g, distilled water 500ml, liquid microelement: potassium iodide 0.42mg/L, boric acid 3.1mg/L, manganese sulphate 11.2mg/L, zinc sulphate 4.3mg/L, sodium molybdate 0.13mg/L, copper sulphate 0.013mg/L, cobalt chloride 0.013mg/L.PH value 6.5 ~ 7.Finally add active carbon (AC) 5.0g/L;

12.3water planting is cultivated

Every 10-15 cuttings is bundled into a branch of, be put into (60cm(long) × 40cm(in the cuttage case made of glass adding culture fluid wide) × 26cm(is high)), cuttage case is by fixed head, gripper shoe is divided into, in, lower three layers, upper level is 5cm, middle layer height is 6cm, lower layer height is 15cm, make often to restraint cuttings through fixing hole (aperture: 5.5cm, pitch-row: 1cm) fixing, gripper shoe below has support and buffer action to cuttings, cuttings is avoided to submerge completely in culture fluid, the nutrient solution added will not have gripper shoe 3 ~ 5cm, and cuttings is tilted 30 ~ 45 degree, average every square meter can put into cuttings about 2500, because cuttings otch is easily taken root under lucifuge condition, so the outside gobo of the middle level of cuttage case and lower floor carries out shading treatment, cuttage case lower floor is placed with Bubbled stone and heating rod, by oxygen pump and heating rod to culture fluid oxygenation, heat,

12.4daily management

Room temperature need remain on 20 ~ 30 DEG C, and solution temperature controls at 20 ~ 25 DEG C, beats oxygen every day 2 ~ 3 times, each 30min, every 7d change a culture fluid, cuttage case be put into direct sunlight less than place, keep well-ventilated, if find that there is aphid, flolimat 1000 times of liquid can be sprayed.The suspension of sulphur more than 50% and 75% tpn wetting powder, 600 times of liquid 1 time are sprayed to prevent powdery mildew in rainy season.Cuttings is taken root for about 17 days, and the kind of not easily taking root is taken root for about 30 days;

12.5acclimatization and transplants

When the cuttings young root of water planting grow to 1 ~ 2cm long time, portable is in furrow, and planting depth is 5cm, and because the young root in early stage grows in water, in order to allow it conform, after transplanting, every day waters 1 water, successively decreases, avoids direct light, within 8 ~ 10 days, can survive after 4 days.

Last it is noted that above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention, be not intended to limit; Although with reference to previous embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be modified to the technical scheme described in previous embodiment, or carries out equivalent replacement to wherein portion of techniques feature; And these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of embodiment of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (2)

1. a Chinese rose Water culture propagation method, is characterized in that comprising the steps:
The selection of step one cuttings and process
Select that current growth is healthy and strong, bud is good, disease-free spray or semi-lignified branch, clip cutting length 10 ~ 15cm, upper clip distance one, upper end bud is about 1cm, parallel with joint, clip smooth surface, smooth; Bottom clip is 0.5cm under joint, is cut into 45 degree of inclined-planes; Every root cuttings retains 2 ~ 3, top leaf; Cuttings be placed in 30% carbendazim emulsion, 500 times of liquid and soak 10 ~ 15min, then immersed cuttings bottom in 30-50mg/Kg ABT2 rooting powder solution, dark 2cm, the time is 2 ~ 4h, processes rear cuttings moisturizing and places 1 ~ 2 day;
The preparation of step 2 nutrient solution
Inorganic nutrients are provided with the 1/2Hoagland nutrient solution of improvement, formula is: four water-calcium nitrate 473mg/L, potassium nitrate 253mg/L, ammonium nitrate 40mg/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 68mg/L, magnesium sulfate 247mg/L, iron salt solutions 2.5ml, liquid microelement 5ml, iron salt solutions: ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 1.39g, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 1.87g, distilled water 500ml, liquid microelement: potassium iodide 0.42mg/L, boric acid 3.1mg/L, manganese sulphate 11.2mg/L, zinc sulphate 4.3mg/L, sodium molybdate 0.13mg/L, copper sulphate 0.013mg/L, cobalt chloride 0.013mg/L, pH value 6.5 ~ 7, finally add active carbon 5.0g/L,
Step 3 water planting is cultivated
Every 10-15 cuttings is bundled into a branch of, be put into and add in the cuttage case with glass making of culture fluid, cuttage case is by fixed head, gripper shoe is divided into, in, lower three layers, upper level is 5cm, middle layer height is 6cm, lower layer height is 15cm, make often to restraint cuttings to fix through fixing hole, the nutrient solution added did not have gripper shoe 3 ~ 5cm, and cuttings is tilted 30 ~ 45 degree, average every square meter can put into cuttings about 2500, the middle level of cuttage case and the outside gobo of lower floor carry out shading treatment, cuttage case lower floor is placed with Bubbled stone and heating rod, by oxygen pump and heating rod to culture fluid oxygenation, heat,
Step 4 daily management
Room temperature remains on 20 ~ 30 DEG C, solution temperature remains on 20 ~ 25 DEG C, beat oxygen every day 2 ~ 3 times, each 30min, nutrient solution liquid level will keep not having gripper shoe 3 ~ 5cm, and liquid level decline distilled water supplements in time, every 7d changes a culture fluid, cuttage case be put into direct sunlight less than place, keep well-ventilated, spray the suspension of sulphur more than 50% and 75% tpn wetting powder, 600 times of liquid 1 time in rainy season;
Step 5 acclimatization and transplants
When the cuttings young root of water planting grow to 1 ~ 2cm long time, transplant in furrow, planting depth is 5cm, and after transplanting, every day waters 1 water, successively decreases, avoid direct light after 4 days.
2. Chinese rose Water culture propagation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, long 60cm, the wide 40cm of cuttage case, high 26cm, the thick 0.5cm of glass in described step 3, fixing hole aperture 5.5cm on fixed head, pitch-row 1cm, the permeable hole aperture 0.3cm in gripper shoe, pitch-row 2cm.
CN201410506415.6A 2014-09-28 2014-09-28 Chinese rose Water culture propagation method CN104303969B (en)

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CN105123474A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-09 张莘蔓 Cleistocalyx operculatus hydroponic cutting propagation method
CN105104142A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-02 张莘蔓 Eugenia uniflora water culture cutting propagation method
CN105104144A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-02 张莘蔓 Syzygium hancei water culture cutting propagation method
CN105104145A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-02 张莘蔓 Wax apple hydroponic cutting propagation method
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