CN103430807A - Method for cultivating cherry seedlings - Google Patents

Method for cultivating cherry seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103430807A
CN103430807A CN201310358112XA CN201310358112A CN103430807A CN 103430807 A CN103430807 A CN 103430807A CN 201310358112X A CN201310358112X A CN 201310358112XA CN 201310358112 A CN201310358112 A CN 201310358112A CN 103430807 A CN103430807 A CN 103430807A
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seedlings
seed
soil
canopy
sowing
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CN103430807B (en
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李帼英
赵新红
周代琴
吴晔
马建芳
杨映红
杨俊霞
王艳芳
王花
杨瑞斌
李海青
陈旭阳
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TIANSHUI CITY INSTITUTE OF FRUIT TREE
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TIANSHUI CITY INSTITUTE OF FRUIT TREE
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Abstract

The invention provides a method for cultivating cherry seedlings. The method includes the following steps of collecting and processing seeds, sowing the seeds in nutrition pots in a plastic tunnel, performing managing after sowing, training the seedlings and transplanting the seedlings into a big field. According to the method, the temperature and the humidity for sprouting of the seeds are improved manually, the problem that the seeds do not sprout because of drought and water loss can be avoided effectively, in addition, the seedlings are prevented from the influences of adverse weather such as low temperature and late frost in spring after seedling emergence, good growing environment is provided for the seedlings, and the seedlings come out about one mouth earlier than seedlings sown in the big field. Hill-seeding is performed in the nutrition pots, the emergence rate reaches above 97%, more than ten thousand seedlings can be obtained from 1kg seeds in a hill-seeding mode, however, more than ten thousand seedlings can be obtained from 3-5kg seeds sown in the big field in a drill seeding mode, and the utilization rate of the seeds can be improved by 3-5 times. The height of the seedlings is 10-15cm during transplanting, the seedlings are higher than the seedlings sown in the big field by 3-5cm, transplanting is performed according the same row spacing, the seedlings are grown evenly in land for tree nursery, management is convenient, the seedlings can grow into high-quality big seedlings, and therefore the emergence rate and the seed utilization rate of seedling cultivation are improved more effectively and the seedling cultivation purpose that the seeds are sown in a high-quality and high-efficiency mode is achieved.

Description

The breeding method of a kind of cherry nursery stock
Technical field
The invention belongs to the seedling growing process field of trees, be specifically related to the breeding method of a kind of cherry nursery stock.
Background technology
Cherry (Prunus pseudocerasus) is rose family fruit trees in plum line, and fruit is less, early ripe, can deserve to be called all kinds of fruits first.By the end of April to maturation mid-May, except eating raw, also can do the stock of large cherry, plum, peach, oriental cherry etc. at In Tianshui Region Gansu Province.Sprout because the seed of cherry is difficult, be difficult to obtain nursery stock while growing seedlings, therefore the saying of " the difficult cultivation of the nice tree of cherry " is arranged.The breeding of cherry seedling, in production, the general method with planting seed, cuttage and group training obtains.Although cuttage and tissue culture method also can obtain the seedling than high-quality, the environmental condition required while producing is higher, all easy and direct not as planting seed.
The inventor utilized autumn sowing and spring sowing in recent years, had also adopted in addition the method for plastic mulching program request in spring, all, because of the reason such as drought in spring, grew seedlings unsuccessfully, had caused larger economic loss.Autumn sowing generally before soil is freeze-up, by the seed gathered the then post-trenching drilling in 1 day that is soaked in water, ditch depth 4-5cm, line width 20-30cm, broadcast rear earthing 4-4.5cm, after the soil moisture conservation of pouring water; Sow generally in mid-April spring, when the seed that will hide through sand ftractures until the shell of 40-50%, and the trench digging drilling, ditch depth is 2.5-3cm, the same autumn sowing of other links.These two kinds of methods are suitable at spring temperature, soil condition not too the arid situation under, emergence rate generally reaches 40-50%.
Summary of the invention
?technical problem to be solved by this invention is the breeding method that provides a kind of employing to use the cherry nursery stock of nutritive cube simple grain program request for shortcoming of the prior art in lagging facility, reaches the purpose of planting early enough, early germination, raising emergence rate.
Adopt following technical scheme for solving technical problem of the present invention:
The breeding method of a kind of cherry nursery stock is characterized in that step is as follows:
The collection of a, seed and processing
To the middle ten days, in the fully ripe rear selection robust growth of fruit, without the elite stand of damage by disease and insect, after collecting fruit, rub with the hands and remove pulp immediately the first tenday period of a month in May then, clean with clear water, float not plump core, preserve after place, cool place airing, to Second Year spring, 30% seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally while germinateing, but just program request;
In b, shed, in nutritive cube, sow
B.1 shed construction: after the annual Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), the temperature bottom out, build plastic canopy and prepare sowing;
B.2 prepare sowing soil: sowing soil is divided into sowing media and covers matrix, and sowing media is with organic humus soil of 200-400 times of liquid zineb or carbendazim spray disinfectant or organic sandy loam; The thin river sand that to cover matrix be wash clean or with the expense vermiculite of 200-400 times of liquid zineb or carbendazim spray disinfectant;
B.3 in nutritive cube, sow: the sowing media of the 3.5-4cm that first packs in nutritive cube during sowing, in the middle of the seed simple grain of germination is placed on, upper strata covers the covering matrix of 1.5-2cm again;
B.4 the nutritive cube after program request at shed near putting into furrow, the native ridging of every furrow surrounding, and once fill with sufficient water;
C, broadcast rear management
After planting detain canopy and heat soil moisture conservation, temperature in canopy is remained in 25-30 ℃ daytime, night, the minimum air temperature was more than 15 ℃, seed needs a water of spray in 3-4 days before being unearthed, after 70-80% comes up, take off canopy aeration-cooling, remain on 22 ℃-26 ℃, night daytime and remain on 12 ℃-13 ℃, when direct sunlight, sheltered from heat or light to time on shed, sprayed foliage fertilizer and Fungicidal control germ after emerging grew every 5-10 days, described foliage fertilizer is 1% urea or 1200 times of amino acid boron potassium calcium, and bactericide is 500 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 1000 times of liquid of 75% tpn;
D, hardening
Mid-April, throw off gradually the canopy film after temperature tends towards stability and carry out hardening, adopt large temperature difference management, temperature remains on 20 ℃-24 ℃, night daytime and remains on 8 ℃-10 ℃ in canopy, threw off gradually whole canopy films in 10-15 days, increase illumination, make the environmental condition external environment condition in canopy consistent;
E, field-transplanting
E.1 land for growing field crops is selected: land for growing field crops selects subterranean water level high, and leeward soil layer is deep, the soil is porous fertile, well-drained sand soil, avoid planting at second crop soil on the sunny side, and land for growing field crops is every 667m before planting 2execute the 2000-3000kg farmyard manure, and deep plough and rake, be made into the furrow of wide 3-6m, long 5-8m by landform;
E.2 transplant: in the first tenday period of a month in May or the middle ten days; by the nursery stock balled transplanting to land for growing field crops; open the flat ditch of wide 30-10cm, dark 6-7cm during transplanting; spacing in the rows is pressed 10-15cm duplicate rows or single file plantation; once fill with sufficient water; after moving into land for growing field crops, with reference to the field seedling raising management method, but then high-quality seedling or grafting in spring in next year become the nursery stocks such as large cherry, peach, Lee, oriental cherry.
In described step a, the seed storage method is, first dig the storage canal of dark 50cm, wide 80-100cm, wet sand at storage canal bottom of trench paving 2-3cm, then the seed of mixed wet sand is put to 35-40cm and covered the wet sand that 10cm is thick in the above, the seed of described mixed sand is mixed by 1: 5 by seed and wet sand, last blinding or careless moisturizing, play the low bank of earth between fields on every side.
Organic humus soil described in described step b is that humus soil mixes by 5:1 with the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed, and organic sandy loam is that sandy loam mixes by 5:1 with the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed.
In described step b, nutritive cube is 6cm * 6cm plastic nutritive cube.
In described step b, shed is by 100 m 2putting the amount of growing seedlings of 30,000 nutritive cubes grows seedlings.
In described step e, in field-transplanting, between flat ditch, stay 40-30cm as the operation band.
The breeding method of cherry nursery stock of the present invention, in shed, sow, artificially improved the temperature and humidity of seed sprouting, can effectively avoid seed not germinate because of arid dehydration, also can avoid the impact of the bad climates such as Low Temperature in Spring, late frost after emerging in addition, for seedling provides good growing environment, than the early time of emerging about 1 month of field seeding.Program request in nutritive cube, emergence rate reaches more than 97% in nutritive cube, but 1kg seed program request more than 10,000 young plant just, and land for growing field crops trench digging drilling 0.07 hectare 3-5kg can go out more than 10,000 young plant, so the seed availability can improve 3-5 doubly.Height of seedling 10-15cm during cherry nursery stock field-transplanting, higher than field seeding seedling 3-5cm, transplant by the same strain line-spacing, and in nursery lot, neatly, convenient management, can grow up to the high-quality seedlings then, shortened the seedling raise period of a year in growth.Thereby more effectively raise high-quality emergence rate and the seed availability of growing seedlings, reached the high-quality and efficient purpose of growing seedlings of planting seed.
The experiment of piloting, on March 11st, 2012 the Tianshui fruit tree research in one long * wide be simple grain program request cherry seed 3.1kg in the plastic canopy of 70m * 10m, 35721 ten thousand plastic nutritional alms bowls, emerge 34648 of nutritive cubes, it is the large cherry seedling as stock grafting that emergence rate is about 97%, 2013 year spring.
Embodiment
embodiment 1
A kind of type of seeding of cherry seed, comprise the following steps, management in sowing, canopy in nutritive cube, white silk seedling, field-transplanting in seed collection and processing, shed.
The collection of a, seed and processing
The first tenday period of a month in May are to the middle ten days then, after the abundant maturation of fruit, select robust growth, without the elite stand of damage by disease and insect, after collecting fruit, rub with the hands and remove pulp immediately, with clear water, clean, and float not plump core, and in cool place, rear storage is dried at place.The method of storage be husky the Tibetan, in the shade dry locating, dig dark 50cm, wide be the storage canal of 100cm, length is determined with seed amount.Huskyly evenly mixes 10kg seed and 50kg are wet, husky humidity be take and held agglomerating stretching out one's hand and fall apart as, the first wet sand that spreads 2cm at bottom of trench, then the seed of mixed wet sand is put into to 40cm thick, more separately covers upper the wet sand that 10cm is thick, then the blinding moisturizing, play the low bank of earth between fields on every side, prevent that the rainwater inflow from causing rotten kind.To Second Year spring, 30% seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally while germinateing, but just program request.
In b, shed, in nutritive cube, sow
B.1 shed construction: after the annual Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) on the-7th March 5, the temperature bottom out, build plastic canopy and prepare sowing, and shed is by 100 m 2putting the amount of growing seedlings of 30,000 nutritive cubes builds.
B.2 prepare sowing soil: sowing soil is divided into sowing media and covers matrix, and sowing media is the organic humus soil with 200 times of liquid zineb spray disinfectants, and wherein organic humus soil is that humus soil mixes by 5:1 with the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed.The thin river sand that covering matrix is wash clean.
B.3 in nutritive cube, sow: nutritive cube is selected 6cm * 6cm plastic nutritive cube, the sowing media of the 4cm that first packs in nutritive cube during sowing, and in the middle of the seed simple grain of germination is placed on, upper strata covers the covering matrix of 1.5cm again;
B.4 at shed, near putting into furrow, the native ridging of every furrow surrounding, and once fill with sufficient water, stop management channels to the nutritive cube after program request between furrow and furrow.
C, broadcast management in rear canopy
After planting detain immediately canopy and heat soil moisture conservation, make temperature in canopy remain on 30 ℃ daytime, night the minimum air temperature at 16 ℃, seed needs adequate water before being unearthed, and every a water of spray in 3 days, remains the humidity of matrix in nutritive cube, impels as early as possible and emerges.80% come up after, take off that to take off on a small quantity canopy aeration-cooling, remain on 26 ℃, night daytime and remain on 12 ℃, sheltered from heat or light to time on shed when direct sunlight, after emerging, should suitably be reduced irrigation times, make soil see dry see wet, and sprayed foliage fertilizer and bactericide every 5 days, prevent that germ from growing.Wherein foliage fertilizer is 1% urea, and bactericide is 1000 times of liquid of 75% tpn.
D, hardening
Mid-April, throw off gradually the canopy film after temperature tends towards stability and carry out hardening, strengthen ventilation and time, adopt large temperature difference management, temperature remains on 24 ℃, night daytime and remains on 10 ℃ in canopy, throws off gradually whole canopy films in 10 days, reduces the moisture content supply, increase illumination, make the environmental condition external environment condition in canopy consistent; Aging to promote nursery stock to organize, strengthen its resistance.
E, field-transplanting
E.1 land for growing field crops is selected: land for growing field crops selects subterranean water level high, and leeward soil layer is deep, the soil is porous fertile, well-drained sand soil, avoid planting at second crop soil on the sunny side, and land for growing field crops is every 667m before planting 2execute the 3000kg farmyard manure, and deep ploughing rakes, by landform, be made into the furrow that wide 6m, length are 5m;
E.2 transplant: in the first tenday period of a month in May or the middle ten days, the nursery stock balled transplanting, to land for growing field crops, is opened to the flat ditch of wide 10cm, dark 7cm during transplanting, between flat ditch and flat ditch, stay 40cm as the operation band.Flat furrow width take during transplanting as line-spacing, and spacing in the rows is put by the 15cm duplicate rows, and backfill is treaded, and once fills with sufficient water.After moving into land for growing field crops, with reference to the field seedling raising management method, but then high-quality seedling or grafting in spring in next year become the nursery stocks such as large cherry, peach, Lee, oriental cherry.
embodiment 2
A kind of type of seeding of cherry seed, comprise the following steps, management in sowing, canopy in nutritive cube, white silk seedling, field-transplanting in seed collection and processing, shed.
The collection of a, seed and processing
The first tenday period of a month in May are to the middle ten days then, after the abundant maturation of fruit, select robust growth, without the elite stand of damage by disease and insect, after collecting fruit, rub with the hands and remove pulp immediately, with clear water, clean, and float not plump core, and in cool place, rear storage is dried at place.The method of storage be husky the Tibetan, in the shade dry locating, dig dark 50cm, wide be the storage canal of 80cm, length is determined with seed amount.Huskyly evenly mixes 10kg seed and 50kg are wet, husky humidity be take and held agglomerating stretching out one's hand and fall apart as, the first wet sand that spreads 3cm at bottom of trench, then the seed of mixed wet sand is put into to 35cm thick, more separately covers upper the wet sand that 10cm is thick, then the blinding moisturizing, play the low bank of earth between fields on every side, prevent that the rainwater inflow from causing rotten kind.To Second Year spring, 30% seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally while germinateing, but just program request.
In b, shed, in nutritive cube, sow
B.1 shed construction: after the annual Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) on the-7th March 5, the temperature bottom out, build plastic canopy and prepare sowing, and shed is by 100 m 2putting the amount of growing seedlings of 30,000 nutritive cubes builds.
B.2 prepare sowing soil: sowing soil is divided into sowing media and covers matrix, and sowing media is the organic sandy loam with 400 times of liquid zineb spray disinfectants, and wherein organic sandy loam is that sandy loam mixes by 5:1 with the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed.Cover matrix for 200 times of liquid zineb, to take vermiculite.
 
B.3 in nutritive cube, sow, nutritive cube is selected 6cm * 6cm plastic nutritive cube, the sowing media of the 3.5cm that first packs in nutritive cube during sowing, and in the middle of the seed simple grain of germination is placed on, upper strata covers the covering matrix of 2cm again;
B.4 at shed, near putting into furrow, the native ridging of every furrow surrounding, and once fill with sufficient water, stop management channels to the nutritive cube after program request between furrow and furrow.
C, broadcast management in rear canopy
After planting detain immediately canopy and heat soil moisture conservation, make temperature in canopy remain on 25 ℃ daytime, night, the minimum air temperature was 17 ℃, and seed needs adequate water before being unearthed, and every a water of spray in 4 days, remained the humidity of matrix in nutritive cube, impelled as early as possible and emerged.70% come up after, take off that to take off on a small quantity canopy aeration-cooling, remain on 22 ℃, night daytime and remain on 13 ℃, when direct sunlight, sheltered from heat or light to time on shed, should suitably reduce irrigation times after emerging, soil is shown in and dryly sees wetly, and sprayed foliage fertilizer and bactericide every 10 days, prevent that germ from growing.Wherein foliage fertilizer is 1200 times of amino acid boron potassium calcium, and bactericide is 500 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim.
D, hardening
Mid-April, throw off gradually the canopy film after temperature tends towards stability and carry out hardening, strengthen ventilation and time, adopt large temperature difference management, temperature remains on 20 ℃, night daytime and remains on 8 ℃ in canopy, throws off gradually whole canopy films in 15 days, reduces the moisture content supply, increase illumination, make the environmental condition external environment condition in canopy consistent; Aging to promote nursery stock to organize, strengthen its resistance.
E, field-transplanting
E.1 land for growing field crops is selected: land for growing field crops selects subterranean water level high, and leeward soil layer is deep, the soil is porous fertile, well-drained sand soil, avoid planting at second crop soil on the sunny side, and land for growing field crops is every 667m before planting 2execute the 2000kg farmyard manure, and deep ploughing rakes, by landform, be made into the furrow that wide 3m, length are 8m;
E.2 transplant: in the first tenday period of a month in May or the middle ten days, the nursery stock balled transplanting, to land for growing field crops, is opened to the flat ditch of wide 30cm, dark 6cm during transplanting, between flat ditch and flat ditch, stay 30cm as the operation band.Flat furrow width take during transplanting as line-spacing, and spacing in the rows is put by the 15cm single file, and backfill is treaded, and once fills with sufficient water.After moving into land for growing field crops, with reference to the field seedling raising management method, but then high-quality seedling or grafting in spring in next year become the nursery stocks such as large cherry, peach, Lee, oriental cherry.
embodiment 3
A kind of type of seeding of cherry seed, comprise the following steps, management in sowing, canopy in nutritive cube, white silk seedling, field-transplanting in seed collection and processing, shed.
The collection of a, seed and processing
The first tenday period of a month in May are to the middle ten days then, after the abundant maturation of fruit, select robust growth, without the elite stand of damage by disease and insect, after collecting fruit, rub with the hands and remove pulp immediately, with clear water, clean, and float not plump core, and in cool place, rear storage is dried at place.The method of storage be husky the Tibetan, in the shade dry locating, dig dark 50cm, wide be the storage canal of 80cm, length is determined with seed amount.Huskyly evenly mixes 10kg seed and 50kg are wet, husky humidity be take and held agglomerating stretching out one's hand and fall apart as, the first wet sand that spreads 3cm at bottom of trench, then the seed of mixed wet sand is put into to 38cm thick, more separately covers upper the wet sand that 10cm is thick, then the blinding moisturizing, play the low bank of earth between fields on every side, prevent that the rainwater inflow from causing rotten kind.To Second Year spring, 30% seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally while germinateing, but just program request.
In b, shed, in nutritive cube, sow
B.1 shed construction: after the annual Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) on the-7th March 5, the temperature bottom out, build plastic canopy and prepare sowing, and shed is by 100 m 2putting the amount of growing seedlings of 30,000 nutritive cubes builds.
B.2 preparation sowing soil, sow soil and be divided into sowing media and cover matrix, and sowing media is that the carbendazim spray disinfectant mixes by 5:1 with the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed with the humus soil of 400 times of liquid zineb sandblast; The expense vermiculite that covering matrix is the carbendazim spray disinfectant.
B.3 in nutritive cube, sow, nutritive cube is selected 6cm * 6cm plastic nutritive cube, the sowing media of the 4cm that first packs in nutritive cube during sowing, and in the middle of the seed simple grain of germination is placed on, upper strata covers the covering matrix of 1.5cm again;
B.4 at shed, near putting into furrow, the native ridging of every furrow surrounding, and once fill with sufficient water, stop management channels to the nutritive cube after program request between furrow and furrow.
C, broadcast management in rear canopy
After planting detain immediately canopy and heat soil moisture conservation, make temperature in canopy remain on 28 ℃ daytime, night, the minimum air temperature was 18 ℃, and seed needs adequate water before being unearthed, and every a water of spray in 3 days, remained the humidity of matrix in nutritive cube, impelled as early as possible and emerged.75% come up after, take off that to take off on a small quantity canopy aeration-cooling, remain on 24 ℃, night daytime and remain on 12 ℃, sheltered from heat or light to time on shed when direct sunlight, after emerging, should suitably be reduced irrigation times, make soil see dry see wet, and sprayed foliage fertilizer and bactericide every 8 days, prevent that germ from growing.Wherein foliage fertilizer is 1200 times of amino acid boron potassium calcium, and bactericide is 500 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim.
D, hardening
Mid-April, throw off gradually the canopy film after temperature tends towards stability and carry out hardening, strengthen ventilation and time, adopt large temperature difference management, temperature remains on 22 ℃, night daytime and remains on 9 ℃ in canopy, throws off gradually whole canopy films in 12 days, reduces the moisture content supply, increase illumination, make the environmental condition external environment condition in canopy consistent; Aging to promote nursery stock to organize, strengthen its resistance.
E, field-transplanting
E.1 land for growing field crops is selected: land for growing field crops selects subterranean water level high, and leeward soil layer is deep, the soil is porous fertile, well-drained sand soil, avoid planting at second crop soil on the sunny side, and land for growing field crops is every 667m before planting 2execute the 3000kg farmyard manure, and deep ploughing rakes, by landform, be made into the furrow that wide 5m, length are 7m;
E.2 transplant: in the first tenday period of a month in May or the middle ten days, the nursery stock balled transplanting, to land for growing field crops, is opened to the flat ditch of wide 20cm, dark 6cm during transplanting, between flat ditch and flat ditch, stay 35cm as the operation band.Flat furrow width take during transplanting as line-spacing, and spacing in the rows is put by the 15cm duplicate rows, and backfill is treaded, and once fills with sufficient water.After moving into land for growing field crops, with reference to the field seedling raising management method, but then high-quality seedling or grafting in spring in next year become the nursery stocks such as large cherry, peach, Lee, oriental cherry.

Claims (6)

1. the breeding method of a cherry nursery stock is characterized in that step is as follows:
The collection of a, seed and processing
To the middle ten days, in the fully ripe rear selection robust growth of fruit, without the elite stand of damage by disease and insect, after collecting fruit, rub with the hands and remove pulp immediately the first tenday period of a month in May then, clean with clear water, float not plump core, preserve after place, cool place airing, to Second Year spring, 30% seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally while germinateing, but just program request;
In b, shed, in nutritive cube, sow
B.1 shed construction: after the annual Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), the temperature bottom out, build plastic canopy and prepare sowing;
B.2 prepare sowing soil: sowing soil is divided into sowing media and covers matrix, and sowing media is humus soil or the sandy loam with 200-400 times of liquid zineb or carbendazim spray disinfectant; The thin river sand that to cover matrix be wash clean or with the expense vermiculite of 200-400 times of liquid zineb or carbendazim spray disinfectant;
B.3 in nutritive cube, sow: the sowing media of the 3.5-4cm that first packs in nutritive cube during sowing, in the middle of the seed simple grain of germination is placed on, upper strata covers the covering matrix of 1.5-2cm again;
B.4 the nutritive cube after program request at shed near putting into furrow, the native ridging of every furrow surrounding, and once fill with sufficient water;
C, broadcast rear management
After planting detain canopy and heat soil moisture conservation, temperature in canopy is remained in 25-30 ℃ daytime, night, the minimum air temperature was more than 15 ℃, seed needs a water of spray in 3-4 days before being unearthed, after 70-80% comes up, take off canopy aeration-cooling, remain on 22 ℃-26 ℃, night daytime and remain on 12 ℃-13 ℃, when direct sunlight, sheltered from heat or light to time on shed, sprayed foliage fertilizer and Fungicidal control germ after emerging grew every 5-10 days, described foliage fertilizer is 1% urea or 1200 times of amino acid boron potassium calcium, and bactericide is 500 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 1000 times of liquid of 75% tpn;
D, hardening
Mid-April, throw off gradually the canopy film after temperature tends towards stability and carry out hardening, adopt large temperature difference management, temperature remains on 20 ℃-24 ℃, night daytime and remains on 8 ℃-10 ℃ in canopy, threw off gradually whole canopy films in 10-15 days, increase illumination, make the environmental condition external environment condition in canopy consistent;
E, field-transplanting
E.1 land for growing field crops is selected: land for growing field crops selects subterranean water level high, and leeward soil layer is deep, the soil is porous fertile, well-drained sand soil, avoid planting at second crop soil on the sunny side, and land for growing field crops is every 667m before planting 2execute the 2000-3000kg farmyard manure, and deep plough and rake, be made into the furrow of wide 3-6m, long 5-8m by landform;
E.2 transplant: in the first tenday period of a month in May or the middle ten days; by the nursery stock balled transplanting to land for growing field crops; open the flat ditch of wide 30-10cm, dark 6-7cm during transplanting; spacing in the rows is pressed 10-15cm duplicate rows or single file plantation; once fill with sufficient water; after moving into land for growing field crops, with reference to the field seedling raising management method, but then high-quality seedling or grafting in spring in next year become the nursery stocks such as large cherry, peach, Lee, oriental cherry.
2. the breeding method of a kind of cherry nursery stock according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step a, the seed storage method is, first dig the storage canal of dark 50cm, wide 80-100cm, wet sand at storage canal bottom of trench paving 2-3cm, then the seed of mixed wet sand is put to 35-40cm and covered the wet sand that 10cm is thick in the above, the seed of described mixed sand is mixed by 1: 5 by seed and wet sand, and last blinding or careless moisturizing, play the low bank of earth between fields on every side.
3. the breeding method of a kind of cherry nursery stock according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: organic humus soil described in described step b is that humus soil mixes by 5:1 with the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed, and organic sandy loam is that sandy loam mixes by 5:1 with the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed.
4. the breeding method of a kind of cherry nursery stock according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: in described step b, nutritive cube is 6cm * 6cm plastic nutritive cube.
5. the breeding method of a kind of cherry nursery stock according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: in described step b, shed is by 100 m 2putting the amount of growing seedlings of 30,000 nutritive cubes grows seedlings.
6. the breeding method of a kind of cherry nursery stock according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step e, in field-transplanting, between flat ditch, stay 40-30cm as the operation band.
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CN104115720A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-10-29 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Fruit seedling growing method for mirabelle prune trees
CN104126403A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-05 天水市果树研究所 Method for cultivating deodar seedlings
CN104170557A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-03 四川农业大学 Method for promoting rapid and efficient germination of Chinese cherry seeds
CN104186264A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-10 昆明金厘子农业科技有限公司 Cherry dwarf dense planting technology
CN104221729A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-24 昆明金厘子农业科技有限公司 Chinese Cherry seedling breeding cultivation method
CN104521579A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-22 大连岭前农业专业合作社 Cherry dense and dwarf planting method
CN104542160A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-04-29 山东省烟台市农业科学研究院 Comprehensive management method for improving survival rate of sweet cherry nursery plants and quality of nursery plants
CN104871679A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-02 福建省林业科学研究院 Balance dormancy breaking and seedling cultivation method of cerasus campanulata seeds
CN104885793A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-09 普定县富民种养殖专业合作社 Cultivation method of black pearl cherries
CN105230425A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-13 安庆市毕架山林业有限公司 Tree cultivation method
CN105409603A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-23 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Potted plant in combination with sakura and cherries and manufacturing method thereof
CN105523809A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-27 天津百利种苗培育有限公司 Method for rapid breeding of cherry seedling
CN106069471A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 安徽菲扬农业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding method of nursery stock
CN106187371A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 福建省亚热带植物研究所 A kind of Brazil Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi seedling medium
CN106171559A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-07 天水市果树研究所 A kind of breeding method of Semen Juglandis nursery stock
CN106234038A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 太仓市新滨农场专业合作社 A kind of engrafting method of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi
CN106258749A (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-01-04 安庆市龙泉生态农林开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi seedling
CN106258772A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-01-04 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 A kind of prevention and controls of cherry tree root knot
CN106416903A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-22 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 Modified wild peach hybrid seedling method
CN106688632A (en) * 2017-02-03 2017-05-24 北京皕富园生态农业有限公司 Cultivation method of cherry nursery stock
CN106718568A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 李玉龙 A kind of cherry method for culturing seedlings
CN106804365A (en) * 2017-02-18 2017-06-09 天长市圣丰生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of winter resistance is strong, downgrade the car li seedling propagation breeding method of precocity fruiting
CN106879388A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-06-23 苏州梦龙文化旅游发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for reducing the harm of cherry florescence late frost
CN106962093A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-07-21 焦杰彪 A kind of breeding method of maple seedling
CN107173145A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-19 安徽梅兰园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for improving cherry yield
CN107182485A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-22 安徽德昌苗木有限公司 A kind of small hook catechu seeding cultivating method
CN107223511A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-03 明光市泰丰新材料有限公司 A kind of cultural method of promotion cherry high yield
CN107242094A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-10-13 遵义康安农业科技有限公司 A kind of black skin cherry implantation methods
CN107258450A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-10-20 遵义康安农业科技有限公司 A kind of black skin cherry plantation method for culturing seedlings
CN107439297A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-08 遵义康安农业科技有限公司 A kind of cherry interplanting method
CN107548867A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-09 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A kind of breeding method planted the potted plant limit root of Lee
CN107646485A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-02 昆明金厘子农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of car li
CN107969303A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-05-01 田林县群英农业有限公司 A kind of method in Karst Mountains Desertification Area plantation rhizoma et Radix Baphicacanthis Cusiae
CN108781970A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-13 广西浪伏茶业股份有限公司 A kind of method of Ling Yaoxing and cherry interplanting
CN108901575A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-11-30 四川农业大学 A kind of three step cultivating methods improving cherry hybrid planting percent and precocity fruiting

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CN104170557B (en) * 2014-07-24 2016-06-29 四川农业大学 A kind of method promoting cherry seed rapidly and efficiently Germination And Seedling
CN104170557A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-03 四川农业大学 Method for promoting rapid and efficient germination of Chinese cherry seeds
CN104126403A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-05 天水市果树研究所 Method for cultivating deodar seedlings
CN104115720A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-10-29 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Fruit seedling growing method for mirabelle prune trees
CN104186264A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-10 昆明金厘子农业科技有限公司 Cherry dwarf dense planting technology
CN104221729A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-24 昆明金厘子农业科技有限公司 Chinese Cherry seedling breeding cultivation method
CN104521579A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-22 大连岭前农业专业合作社 Cherry dense and dwarf planting method
CN104521579B (en) * 2014-12-30 2017-01-18 大连岭前农业专业合作社 Cherry dense and dwarf planting method
CN104542160A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-04-29 山东省烟台市农业科学研究院 Comprehensive management method for improving survival rate of sweet cherry nursery plants and quality of nursery plants
CN104542160B (en) * 2015-01-21 2016-10-19 山东省烟台市农业科学研究院 A kind of integrated management approach improving Prunus avium plant percent and seedling quality
CN104871679A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-02 福建省林业科学研究院 Balance dormancy breaking and seedling cultivation method of cerasus campanulata seeds
CN104885793A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-09 普定县富民种养殖专业合作社 Cultivation method of black pearl cherries
CN105230425A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-13 安庆市毕架山林业有限公司 Tree cultivation method
CN105409603B (en) * 2015-12-02 2018-03-06 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 A kind of oriental cherry is combined potted plant and preparation method thereof with cherry
CN105409603A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-23 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Potted plant in combination with sakura and cherries and manufacturing method thereof
CN105523809A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-27 天津百利种苗培育有限公司 Method for rapid breeding of cherry seedling
CN106069471A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 安徽菲扬农业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding method of nursery stock
CN106187371A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 福建省亚热带植物研究所 A kind of Brazil Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi seedling medium
CN106234038A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 太仓市新滨农场专业合作社 A kind of engrafting method of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi
CN106171559A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-07 天水市果树研究所 A kind of breeding method of Semen Juglandis nursery stock
CN106258749A (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-01-04 安庆市龙泉生态农林开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi seedling
CN106258772A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-01-04 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 A kind of prevention and controls of cherry tree root knot
CN106416903A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-22 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 Modified wild peach hybrid seedling method
CN106718568A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 李玉龙 A kind of cherry method for culturing seedlings
CN106718568B (en) * 2016-12-15 2018-07-10 李玉龙 A kind of cherry method for culturing seedlings
CN106688632A (en) * 2017-02-03 2017-05-24 北京皕富园生态农业有限公司 Cultivation method of cherry nursery stock
CN106804365A (en) * 2017-02-18 2017-06-09 天长市圣丰生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of winter resistance is strong, downgrade the car li seedling propagation breeding method of precocity fruiting
CN106962093A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-07-21 焦杰彪 A kind of breeding method of maple seedling
CN106879388A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-06-23 苏州梦龙文化旅游发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for reducing the harm of cherry florescence late frost
CN107173145A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-19 安徽梅兰园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for improving cherry yield
CN107182485A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-22 安徽德昌苗木有限公司 A kind of small hook catechu seeding cultivating method
CN107223511A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-03 明光市泰丰新材料有限公司 A kind of cultural method of promotion cherry high yield
CN107242094A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-10-13 遵义康安农业科技有限公司 A kind of black skin cherry implantation methods
CN107258450A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-10-20 遵义康安农业科技有限公司 A kind of black skin cherry plantation method for culturing seedlings
CN107439297A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-08 遵义康安农业科技有限公司 A kind of cherry interplanting method
CN107969303A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-05-01 田林县群英农业有限公司 A kind of method in Karst Mountains Desertification Area plantation rhizoma et Radix Baphicacanthis Cusiae
CN107548867A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-09 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A kind of breeding method planted the potted plant limit root of Lee
CN107646485A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-02 昆明金厘子农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of car li
CN108781970A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-13 广西浪伏茶业股份有限公司 A kind of method of Ling Yaoxing and cherry interplanting
CN108901575A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-11-30 四川农业大学 A kind of three step cultivating methods improving cherry hybrid planting percent and precocity fruiting

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