CN100556276C - Imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root and normalized planting method - Google Patents

Imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root and normalized planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100556276C
CN100556276C CNB2007100240414A CN200710024041A CN100556276C CN 100556276 C CN100556276 C CN 100556276C CN B2007100240414 A CNB2007100240414 A CN B2007100240414A CN 200710024041 A CN200710024041 A CN 200710024041A CN 100556276 C CN100556276 C CN 100556276C
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Prior art keywords
root
purple
seed
soil
flowered peucedanum
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CNB2007100240414A
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CN101091437A (en
Inventor
潘黎
刘守金
方成武
梁盖敏
金传山
俞年军
句继仁
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Qianfang Chinese Medicines Development Co Ltd Ningguo
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Qianfang Chinese Medicines Development Co Ltd Ningguo
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root and normalized planting method, it is characterized in that comprising choosing ground put in order, sow, grow seedlings, field management, irrigation and drainage, pluck flower bud, reserve seed for planting, step such as results, the imitative wild condition of root of purple-flowered peucedanum cultivation of the present invention is bred, not only solved defective that simple seed growing yields poorly but also the appearance character that has kept the wild root of purple-flowered peucedanum, and the output height.Because imitative wild fostering, from the planting site environmental selection, control measures are all simulated wild state, have reduced pollution, have guaranteed quality, and product meets safety, characteristics of high efficiency.

Description

Imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root and normalized planting method
Technical field
What the invention belongs to a kind of traditional Chinese medicine breeds and plants method for planting, specifically is traditional Chinese medicine imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root and normalized planting method.
Background technology
The root of purple-flowered peucedanum is the dry root of samphire RADIX PEUCEDANI PeucedanumPraeruPtorum Dunn, the tool wind and heat dispersing, and the effect of lowering the adverse-rising QI to resolve phlegm is used for the cough due to wind-heat evil's phlegm tracheae and bronchitic patent medicine components of panting more more, is the conventional Chinese medicine material.Ningguo City is positioned at northern foot, the Wannan mountainous area Tian Mu Shan Mountain, is celebrated for its genunie medicinal materials to abound with RADIX PEUCEDANI, and market is practised and claimed " the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum ".Since nineteen sixties, owing to excavate year after year, wild resource is petered out.The wild peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum can not satisfy the medicinal material market demand.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root and normalized planting method, make imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root, not only solved defective that simple seed growing yields poorly but also the appearance character that has kept the wild root of purple-flowered peucedanum, and the output height, to satisfy the demand in medicinal material market.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root and normalized planting method is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
(1), choosing ground puts in order ground: select deep, loose fertile, the well-drained mountain region of soil layer, the gentle slope of irregular concealment is arranged, every mu of usefulness become thoroughly decomposed cake fertilizer or composite fertilizer 30-50 kilogram are suitably taken out ditch water discharge, and the loss of anti-water and soil;
(2), sowing: the sowing time, begin seeding and seedling raising in early December, the title winter sowing; Or in early March, second is sowed the title spring sowing during the Ching Ming Festival;
The employing method of broadcasting sowing is carried out, and uses water seed soaking 24-30 hour before broadcasting, and takes out the full seed that avales in the water with wet cleaning process, then seed evenly is spread on the furrow face, puts down gently with bamboo broom then, seed is fully combined, seeding quantity 1kg/ mu with soil;
(3), grow seedlings: can grow the long young root of 0.5cm in after planting 40-50 days, young root reached 7-10cm in 90 days; Begin freeze-up this moment, emerges for guaranteeing peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum safety, and the barnyard manure insulation that covers the thick humus soil of 3-5cm or become thoroughly decomposed on the furrow face perhaps covers the hurdle grass, and looks soil moisture content and water the water of once surviving the winter;
After thawing 1 year beginning of spring, should in time throw off and cover grass, in order to coming up; Growth of seedling is wanted frequent uprooting weed, the soil moisture conservation of loosening the soil for a long time;
3-5 executes thin liquid dung between the month, or the cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed 2-3 time, promotes growth of seedlings;
(4) field management:
Peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum rudiment is unearthed and at growing period, is often weeded with a hoe, and especially Harbeth will in time be intertilled the maintenance table soil that loosens the soil and do not harden; During intertillage, must guard against injuring root; Go into the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum root to exposing after the winter, strengthen ridging, prevent frostbite;
After thawing, bloom the annual beginning of spring and went into before the winter each organic fertilizer 1-2 time;
(5), irrigation and drainage: the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum is drought-enduring, does not need to irrigate, and utilizes the nature rainwater get final product, and the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum is afraid of to drag for, the easily mashed root of ponding overlong time, rainy season will the row of carrying out vatman work;
(6), pluck flower bud: in order to promote the growth of peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum root, improve output, the plant that 1 and 2 year peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum of lifes is not reserved seed for planting is pinched in early days emerging, in case bud formation, pinching should be selected in early April and carry out;
(7), reserve seed for planting: select to transplant 4-5, the fruits of no damage by disease and insect, full grains is planted; Seed collecting time since late October plucked when the diachenium surface is puce to December, on moist soil, indoor cool place, made seed ripe in shell the fruit storage taken, will often stir during storage, burnt out in order to avoid pile up heating;
The seed of not sowed then can be put the dry storage of locating in the cool place, uses in order to 1 year; To often stir during seed storage, burn out to avoid piling up heating;
(8), results: carry out in the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum phase of stopping growing of the 11-12 month, take the root pocket, remove earth and acrial part, dry or low temperature drying, dig disconnected radicula palpus, also can sprout new strain in 1 year.
The present invention realizes having the large-scale planting of the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum, because imitative wild fostering, has not only solved defective that simple seed growing yields poorly but also the appearance character that has kept the wild root of purple-flowered peucedanum, and the output height.From the planting site environmental selection, control measures are all simulated wild state, have reduced pollution, have guaranteed medical material quanlity, and product meets safety, characteristics of high efficiency.
Embodiment
One, production environment
Ningguo City, production environment Anhui Province is positioned at the southeast, Anhui Province, order mountain range, Western Paradise southeastern edge of wriggling, and immigration is extended on the mountain range, Mount Huang from West to East, is the intersection on mountain range, the Tian Mu Shan Mountain and mountain range, Mount Huang, belongs to Wannan mountainous area red soil hills area, and landforms class shape is various.Ningguo City belongs to the moistening monsoon climate of north subtropical, and weather is warm, makes a clear distinction between the four seasons, and rainfall is abundant, 15.4 degrees centigrade of year-round average temperatures, 226 days frost-free seasons, annual rainfall 1468mm, sunshine duration 1989 hours.The hot mutual aid of rain, light temperature same period.The physical features vertical differentiation is obvious, mountain area microclimate uniqueness, and the well-to-do condition of existing semi-tropical light, heat, water has the big characteristics of amount of radiation height, the temperature difference of warm-temperature zone again, the growth of suitable plant.This district is one of natural distribution center of wild RADIX PEUCEDANI.
Atmosphere cleaning, free of contamination area should be selected in the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum of atmosphere production base.
The water source of peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum production base, water source is rainwater, surface water, is polluted.
Soil Ningguo City soil geologic setting is a yellow soil.Soil types has yellow soil, numb stone red soil flag soil, brown calcareous soil, chicken gizzard soil etc., and the quality pine is dredged light and soft.
The peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum of propagation method adopts the seminal propagation method more.
Two, plant method for planting
(1), choosing ground puts in order ground: select deep, loose fertile, the well-drained mountain region of soil layer, the gentle slope of irregular concealment is arranged, every mu of usefulness become thoroughly decomposed cake fertilizer or composite fertilizer 30-50 kilogram are suitably taken out ditch water discharge, and the loss of anti-water and soil;
(2), sowing: the sowing time, begin seeding and seedling raising in early December, the title winter sowing; Or in early March, second is sowed the title spring sowing during the Ching Ming Festival;
The employing method of broadcasting sowing is carried out, and with 40 ℃ of water seed soaking 24-30 hours, takes out the full seed that avales in the water with wet cleaning process before broadcasting, and then seed evenly is spread on the furrow face, puts down gently with bamboo broom then, seed is fully combined, seeding quantity 1kg/ mu with soil;
(3), grow seedlings:
The measure of surviving the winter: can grow the long young root of 0.5cm in after planting 40-50 days, young root reached 7-10cm in 90 days; Begin freeze-up this moment, emerges for guaranteeing peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum safety, and the barnyard manure insulation that covers the thick humus soil of 3-5cm or become thoroughly decomposed on the furrow face perhaps covers the hurdle grass, and looks soil moisture content and water the water of once surviving the winter;
After thawing 1 year beginning of spring, should in time throw off and cover grass, in order to coming up; Growth of seedling is wanted frequent uprooting weed, the soil moisture conservation of loosening the soil for a long time;
3-5 executes thin liquid dung between the month, or the cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed 2-3 time, promotes growth of seedlings;
(4) field management:
Peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum rudiment is unearthed and at growing period, is often weeded with a hoe, and especially Harbeth will in time be intertilled the maintenance table soil that loosens the soil and do not harden; During intertillage, must guard against injuring root; Go into the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum root to exposing after the winter, strengthen ridging, prevent frostbite;
After thawing, bloom the annual beginning of spring and went into before the winter each organic fertilizer 1-2 time;
Fertilizing amount: every mu of human and animal excreta 1500-2000kg that executes to become thoroughly decomposed, or execute the farmyard manure 3000-4000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, also can execute the cake fertilizer 150-200kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
Fertilizing method: fertilizer all should fully become thoroughly decomposed before using.Fertilizer can be executed in plant shallow ridges in the ranks, executes soil on the bonnet, in time waters.
(5), irrigation and drainage: the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum is drought-enduring, does not need to irrigate, and utilizes the nature rainwater get final product, and the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum is afraid of to drag for, the easily mashed root of ponding overlong time, rainy season will the row of carrying out vatman work;
(6), pluck flower bud: in order to promote the growth of peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum root, improve output, the plant that 1 and 2 year peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum of lifes is not reserved seed for planting is pinched in early days emerging, in case bud formation, pinching should be selected in early April and carry out;
(7), reserve seed for planting: select to transplant 4-5, the fruits of no damage by disease and insect, full grains is planted; Seed collecting time since late October plucked when the diachenium surface is puce to December, on moist soil, indoor cool place, made seed ripe in shell the fruit storage taken, will often stir during storage, burnt out in order to avoid pile up heating;
The seed of not sowed then can be put the dry storage of locating in the cool place, uses in order to 1 year; To often stir during seed storage, burn out to avoid piling up heating; The fruit of taking can not be exposed to the sun, otherwise influences germination rate.
(8), results: carry out in the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum phase of stopping growing of the 11-12 month, take the root pocket, remove earth and acrial part, dry or low temperature drying, during annual results of the peaceful in addition root of purple-flowered peucedanum, digging disconnected radicula must, also can sprout in 1 year new strain and also the growth all sturdy than the seed broadcasting seedling, output is also high.Take the root of purple-flowered peucedanum in when results with the plate hoe, have a mind to fibrous root is dug disconnected staying in the soil, when waiting for the coming year sowing, only need the 0.5-1kg seed just can, reduced sowing quantity again, the per mu yield aquatic foods root of purple-flowered peucedanum all reaches 500-750kg.

Claims (1)

1, imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root and normalized planting method is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
(1), choosing ground puts in order ground: select deep, loose fertile, the well-drained mountain region of soil layer, the gentle slope of irregular concealment is arranged, every mu of usefulness become thoroughly decomposed cake fertilizer or composite fertilizer 30-50 kilogram are suitably taken out ditch water discharge, and the loss of anti-water and soil;
(2), sowing: the sowing time, begin seeding and seedling raising in early December, the title winter sowing;
The employing method of broadcasting sowing is carried out, and uses water seed soaking 24-30 hour before broadcasting, and takes out the full seed that avales in the water with wet cleaning process, then seed evenly is spread on the furrow face, puts down gently with bamboo broom then, seed is fully combined, seeding quantity 1kg/ mu with soil;
(3), grow seedlings: can grow the long young root of 0.5cm in after planting 40-50 days, young root reached 7-10cm in 90 days; Begin freeze-up this moment, emerges for guaranteeing peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum safety, and the barnyard manure insulation that covers the thick humus soil of 3-5cm or become thoroughly decomposed on the furrow face perhaps covers the hurdle grass, and looks soil moisture content and water the water of once surviving the winter;
After thawing 1 year beginning of spring, should in time throw off and cover grass, in order to coming up; Growth of seedling is wanted frequent uprooting weed, the soil moisture conservation of loosening the soil for a long time;
3-5 executes thin liquid dung between the month, or the cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed 2-3 time, promotes growth of seedlings;
(4) field management:
Peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum rudiment is unearthed and at growing period, is often weeded with a hoe, and especially Harbeth will in time be intertilled the maintenance table soil that loosens the soil and do not harden; During intertillage, must guard against injuring root; Go into the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum root to exposing after the winter, strengthen ridging, prevent frostbite;
After thawing, bloom the annual beginning of spring and went into before the winter each organic fertilizer 1-2 time;
(5), irrigation and drainage: the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum is drought-enduring, does not need to irrigate, and utilizes the nature rainwater get final product, and the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum is afraid of to drag for, and the ponding overlong time is easily rotted root, and will carry out water drainage work rainy season;
(6), pluck flower bud: in order to promote the growth of peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum root, improve output, the plant that 1 and 2 year peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum of lifes is not reserved seed for planting is pinched in early days emerging, in case bud formation, pinching should be selected in early April and carry out;
(7), reserve seed for planting: select to transplant 4-5, the fruits of no damage by disease and insect, full grains is planted; Seed collecting time since late October plucked when the diachenium surface is puce to December, on moist soil, indoor cool place, made seed ripe in shell the fruit storage taken, will often stir during storage, burnt out in order to avoid pile up heating;
The seed of not sowed then can be put the dry storage of locating in the cool place, uses in order to 1 year; To often stir during seed storage, burn out to avoid piling up heating;
(8), results: carry out in the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum phase of stopping growing of the 11-12 month, take the root pocket, remove earth and acrial part, dry or low temperature drying, dig disconnected radicula palpus, also can sprout new strain in 1 year.
CNB2007100240414A 2007-07-14 2007-07-14 Imitated wild breeding Ning hogfennel root and normalized planting method Expired - Fee Related CN100556276C (en)

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Cited By (1)

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CN104285661A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-01-21 贵州省现代中药材研究所 High-yield cultivation method for peucedanum praeruptorum dunn
CN104604486A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-05-13 旺堆 Peucedanum praeruptorum dunn cultivation method
CN106068855B (en) * 2016-06-03 2019-05-17 忠县湘芝中药材种植专业合作社 A kind of root of purple-flowered peucedanum fertilizing method
CN106069083B (en) * 2016-06-27 2019-07-26 四川新绿色药业科技发展有限公司 A kind of method of no-tillage breeding root of purple-flowered peucedanum seedling
CN107251737A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-10-17 宁国市仙之居家庭农场 A kind of implantation methods of the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum
CN107241996A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-10-13 宁国市仙之居家庭农场 A kind of cultural method of the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum
CN107094487A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-08-29 宁国市仙之居家庭农场 Peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum pseudo-wild cultivating method
CN107173021A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-19 宁国市仙之居家庭农场 Mulberry tree woods interplants the cultural method of the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum
CN107211698A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-29 宁国市仙之居家庭农场 Mao bamboo woods interplant the cultural method of the peaceful root of purple-flowered peucedanum
CN109496710A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-22 四川省新禾成中药材有限公司 RADIX PEUCEDANI imitated wild breeding and cultural method

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106212017A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-14 四川新绿色药业科技发展有限公司 A kind of imitative wild Radix Peucedani implantation methods
CN106212017B (en) * 2016-08-08 2020-02-11 四川新绿色药业科技发展有限公司 Planting method of imitated wild peucedanum praeruptorum

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