CN103704100A - Method for quickly culturing stools of asparagus officinalis, promoting germination of tender stems and cultivating same of asparagus officinalis - Google Patents

Method for quickly culturing stools of asparagus officinalis, promoting germination of tender stems and cultivating same of asparagus officinalis Download PDF

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CN103704100A
CN103704100A CN201310596709.8A CN201310596709A CN103704100A CN 103704100 A CN103704100 A CN 103704100A CN 201310596709 A CN201310596709 A CN 201310596709A CN 103704100 A CN103704100 A CN 103704100A
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asparagus
asparagus officinalis
cultivation
film
stem
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卢钢
秦力
陈景丽
邹滔
章钢明
章忠梅
施渭尧
邹宜静
潘长田
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for quickly culturing stools of asparagus officinalis and promoting germination of tender stems and cultivating the same of the asparagus officinalis, and belongs to the technical field of plant cultivation. The method includes selecting asparagus officinalis varieties with short dormant periods, protecting roots of the asparagus officinalis to quickly cultivate seedlings of the asparagus officinalis by the aid of artificial substrates, transplanting the seedlings at the age of 70-90 days into cultivation tanks to cultivate the seedlings by the aid of soilless mixed substrates in a root restriction manner and cultivating healthy and strong underground stems of the annual asparagus officinalis; promoting spouting of the tender stems in greenhouses or sunlight greenhouses by means of artificial warming, producing green asparagus officinalis under natural light conditions in winters and springs or producing white asparagus officinalis in a mulching manner by the aid of sunshade films. The method has the advantages that the method is combined with technologies for storing the stools of the asparagus officinalis by means of low-temperature moisture retention and the like, the asparagus officinalis can be cultivated in a batched manner in different seasons in controllable environments, accordingly, the high-quality asparagus officinalis can be produced industrially and intensively, purposes of producing and supplying the asparagus officinalis throughout the year can be achieved, and the produced asparagus officinalis is excellent in commercial property, good in quality and free of pollution and has an excellent planting benefit.

Description

Asparagus stock fast culture and tender stem inspire cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop cultivating technology field, specifically asparagus stock fast culture and tender stem inspire cultivation method.
Background technology
Asparagus ( asparagus officinalis), have another name called asparagus, Asparagaceae Asparagus herbaceos perennial.Have the well effect such as antitumor, anti-oxidant, because its matter is tender delicious, nutritious, unique flavor, has become the high-grade vegetables of the health-care nutritive that liked by consumer, enjoys the good reputation of one of " kings of vegetables ", " the large famous dish in the world ten ".China's Asparagus Industry development is in recent years swift and violent, has become at present first asparagus producing country and exported country in the world.National asparagus in 2010 produces area and has reached 1,800,000 mu, accounts for the more than 50% of the whole world, and only the gross output value of fresh bamboo shoot just reaches more than 15,000,000,000 yuan.Along with the raising of China's expanding economy and living standards of the people, no matter asparagus product is domestic market or export processing, has huge potentiality.Due to asparagus cultivation high efficiency, asparagus produces the welcome that is deeply subject to peasant, has now become the important sources of a lot of local increasing peasant income and new Rural Economic Growth point.
At present, the main still outdoor cropping of production of China asparagus, there is fraction facility rain shelter cultivation, but due to for soil temperature environment conditioning and less with the research of Yield of Asparagus, quality relation in winter and early spring plastic tunnel, lack scientific quantification index, make the most planting asparagus of current China still in the experience stage.According to investigations, the green bamboo shoot of Spring Festival are higher, thereby the production of green asparagus anniversary still exists larger potentiality.But northern China is mostly outdoor cropping at present, supplies with it and concentrates on the 4-5 month and the 9-10 month, and launch undue concentration affects its economic benefit.The facility cultivation of asparagus utilizes conventional method such as canopy in increasing in booth, reasonably mulching straw, fertilizer, cavings etc. can change the temperature of soil and soil table, but only so still can not guarantee the necessary temp that asparagus spear is unearthed, cause yielding poorly, the death of easily enduring cold after tender stem is unearthed.So winter and early spring asparagus produce in China Yangtze river basin and northern area is a difficult problem always, cause this period of time asparagus to supply with shortage, add at a time when China's tradition holiday, the demand of asparagus rises again, and asparagus commodity bamboo shoot price is skyrocketed.So based on domestic more and more stronger to the anniversary of asparagus fresh bamboo shoot supply requirement with international market, the research tool of its asparagus anniversary production technology is of great significance.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to asparagus and produce climate impact greatly, winter-spring season low temperature season or summer high temperature time are difficult for producing, and the asparagus listing supply phase is short, yields poorly, and the problems such as poor quality, provide asparagus stock fast culture and tender stem to inspire cultivation method.The method can realize the anniversary of asparagus and produce, and extends asparagus and supplies with the phase, and can realize batch production, intensive production, and the object that realize volume increase, increases income, is applicable to green asparagus in all parts of the country or white asparagus production area.
Asparagus stock fast culture and tender stem inspire cultivation method, and step is as follows:
1) utilize root-zone limitation type culture technology quickly breeding asparagus robust stock
Select short asparagus kind of precocious, cold-resistant, resting stage, adopt seedling-cultivating tray or nutritive cube mulch seedling-cultivating method to cultivate healthy and strong seedling, grow seedlings spring and in plastic tunnel or greenhouse by solar heat, utilize electric heating or make hot temperature bed and carry out, seedling age 70-90 days; After March, according to field facility condition, by different time, be transplanted to and protect ground or open country to utilize cultivating groove cultivation; In cultivating groove, fill out without native mixed-matrix, spread field planting after dropper and black plastic film; Spacing in the rows 30 cm during field planting, per hectare 4.2 ten thousand strains; After field planting, water in time, to urge its slow seedling; Process of growth is not gathered, and promotes aerial growth, to cultivate healthy and strong subterranean stem; Enter vigorous period and water in time, every about 20 days, topdress once, mend nitrogen fertilizer application and potash fertilizer, before and after the beginning of autumn, per hectare imposes 750 kilograms of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizers, controls liquid manure after late September, avoids new stem pumping, promotes root system to store nutrient;
2) stock takes and storage
Before freezing after frost in autumn when asparagus stem branch starts to take when withered and yellow stock, the strain of uprooting is first all cut off terrestrial stem, connect film and uncover matrix, shake off matrix, do not hinder root or hinder less root, more than keeping long 25 cm of root system, stock is placed on by plastic film wrapped at the temperature of 0 ℃~5 ℃ and stores, to meet its dormancy condition, with stock, be not subject to freeze injury and air-dry being advisable not, according to different cultivars low temperature storage, need 15-20 days time;
3) tender stem inspires cultivation
In booth, build and make hot temperature bed or electric seed bed heater, guarantee that soil temperature reaches 15 ℃-20 ℃; In hotbed, carry out the little furrow that 30 cm are dark, on furrow face, lay after the thick cultivation matrix of 5 cm, the seeding row spacing dense planting that stock is pressed to 20 cm * 20 cm is on cultivation matrix, every furrow are built a little shed, on cover the transparent plastic film of white for the production of green asparagus, after transplanting 20 days, when tender stem reaches 20 cm, can start to gather;
4) white asparagus is produced in sunshade
On little shed, cover the cultivation of black film or black and white double-side membrane lucifuge, after transplanting 20 days, tender stem length reaches 20 cm when above, can start to gather; Open film harvesting every day once, then cover film shading, can continue about 40 days harvest time.
Preferably, the asparagus robust seedling described in step 1), requires to have 4~6 stems, and stem slightly reaches 0.12 cm, and high 30~45 cm of stem also have flourishing root system.
Preferably, pressing different time according to field facility condition and transplant described in step 1), southern greenhouse cultivation can be transplanted at early March, and open country needs late March to upper transplanting in April, covers in early days little shed and mulch film with insulation.
Preferably, cultivation groove width 45 cm described in step 1), dark 30 cm, that separation adopts is wide, narrow row is spaced, narrow row spacing 20 cm, wide line space 40 cm, spread at trench bottom the old canopy film that 0.15 mm is thick, at wall, spread plastic foil or 50 g/m 2the nonwoven of specification to be to completely cut off soil, prevents that asparagus root from growing to surrounding; In groove, fill out the thick soilless culture substrate with 18-20 cm.
Preferably, the soilless culture mixed-matrix described in step 1) can be selected two or more mixed-matrix of mushroom residue, stalk, charring rice husk, sawdust, the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite, cinder.
Preferably, wine hot temperature bed or the electric seed bed heater in the booth described in step 3), built, refer to that organic fermentation product of filling 15 cm at booth or sunlight indoor growing bed is to improve soil temperature, or lay heating wire and heat to guarantee that soil temperature is more than 10 ℃.
Preferably, in the hotbed described in step 3), carry out the little furrow that 30 cm are dark, 100 cm are wide, and planting density is 20 * 20 cm, and every furrow are heeled in 6 row asparagus; The ridging ridge between furrow, wide 40 cm in the ridge, high 15 cm, are used when operating and adopting bamboo shoot as field; Each little furrow is built wide 100 cm, and the little shed of high 60 cm, covers white plastic film on little shed, by canopy film surrounding sealing thermal insulation, keeps higher canopy temperature, to accelerate out bamboo shoot as far as possible; Will cover straw mat night, in order to avoid frostbite and freeze injury.
Preferably, lucifuge cultivation described in step 4) refers to, little shed is produced white asparagus coated with black plastic film, little shed width 100 cm, height 60 cm, the black plastic film that upper cover 0.015 mm is thick or black and white double-side membrane lucifuge, shading rate is more than 99.9%, tender stem grows to after 20 cm, opens film harvesting white asparagus every day once, then covers in time black thin film shading.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Above-mentioned asparagus stock fast culture and tender stem inspire cultivation method, and January is seeding and seedling raising in booth or greenhouse by solar heat, seedling age 70-90 days, field planting in March is to booth or open country, utilize the cultivation of soilless substrate slot type to cultivate underground rhizome, growth, after 7-8 month, has been dug underground stock storage November.In booth or greenhouse by solar heat, carry out forcing culture December, in covering, within latter about 20 days, can start the commodity bamboo shoot of gathering, collecting time can continue 40-50 days time.Adopt overlay to be incubated to cover winter or can produce green asparagus early spring.If adopt black plastic film to carry out lucifuge cultivation, can produce white asparagus.Because the Time To Market of forcing culture is just that asparagus produces dull season, asparagus selling price is very high, thereby can obtain considerable income.Simultaneously because stock is to carry out dense planting forcing culture in greenhouse or booth, thereby can greatly reduce and produce the cost of heating winter, save energy resource consumption, improve productivity effect.In addition, utilize soilless culture substrate to cultivate annual rhizome in conjunction with root-zone limitation type culture mode, not only reduced the cost that rhizome takes, and the method can be carried out on saline land, the uncultivated areas such as ground and wasteland that desertify, thereby can greatly expand the region, soil of plantation, the service efficiency that improves soil, has good ecology and social benefit.
Embodiment
Now according to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
One, seeding and seedling raising
Select short good asparagus kind of precocious, cold-resistant, resting stage, for cultivating healthy and strong asparagus stock, adopt the mulch seedling-cultivating method such as seedling-cultivating tray (72 hole) or nutritive cube (8 cm * 8 cm), it is good that seedling raise period is selected spring.In early January, in plastic tunnel or greenhouse by solar heat, utilize electric heating or make hot temperature bed and grow seedlings.Seedling age 70-90 days, at early and middle ten days height of seedling 30 cm~45 cm in March, has 4~6 ground upper branch, and gets final product field planting while having 10 above tuber root.
1, kind is selected.Select precocious, cold-resistant, resting stage green asparagus or white asparagus kind short and that tender stem pumping is more, for reducing planting cost, the white asparagus kinds such as the green asparagus kinds such as ' champion ' that domestic breeding units cultivates, ' green No. 1 of capital ' and ' large rich ' in this patent, have been selected.
2, seedling medium is prepared.By 70% garden mould, 30% fertilizer, prepare Nutrition Soil (adding 2% three element compound fertilizer) or the peat composed of rotten mosses: vermiculite (3:1) adds that sterilization fertilizer is (as 5 kg sterilization chicken manure/m 3matrix) preparation Nutrition Soil.Seed first can be broadcast on 72 hole seedling-cultivating trays, also can directly be broadcast in nutriment earth work (10 cm * 10 cm) or nutritive cube.The diameter of nutritive cube is generally 8 cm, high 10 cm of alms bowl.Every mu of land for growing field crops needs 3500, standby alms bowl.  
3, presoaking and germinating.Asparagus seeds skin depth and have wax, water imbibition is slower.30~35 ℃ of water seed soakings 1~2 day, be placed in 25~30 ℃ of environment vernalization, when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally, seed can sow.  
4, sowing and overlay film.Water vola water sowing, bunch planting, one, every cave, broadcasts rear earthing 1-2 cm, and spreads the anti-soil insect of poison bait.Lower berth, seedbed heating wire, carries out two films and covers, and with heat and moisture preserving, controls seedling bed temperature at 20 ℃-30 ℃, with stratification and growth of seedling.  
5, seedbed management.During height of seedling 10 cm, use once thin organic fertilizer, water in time, weed a garden, attention control brown spot, prodenia litura and soil insect.
Two, cultivate healthy and strong asparagus stock
1. prepare cultivating groove.After March, can be transplanted to booth or open country by different time according to field facility condition and utilize cultivating groove cultivation.Cultivation groove width 45 cm, groove depth 30 cm, separation employing is wide, narrow row is spaced.Narrow row spacing 20 cm, wide line space 40 cm, spread at trench bottom the old canopy film that 0.15 mm is thick, at wall, spread plastic foil or 50 g/m 2the nonwoven of specification to be to completely cut off soil, prevents that asparagus root from growing to surrounding.In groove, fill out mixed-matrix, spread field planting after dropper and black plastic film.
2. matrix is prepared.In cultivating groove, fill out the thick soilless culture substrate with 25 cm, can select two or more the mixed-matrix such as mushroom residue, stalk, charring rice husk, sawdust, the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite, cinder.Conventional mixed-matrix has: the peat composed of rotten mosses and slag (volume ratio 1:1); Mushroom residue and slag (volume ratio 3:2); Charring rice husk, the peat composed of rotten mosses and slag (volume ratio 5:2:3); 5 parts of corn straws, 2 parts of sawdusts, 3 parts of perlites etc. (volume ratio 5:2:3).For guaranteeing fertilizer supply, in above-mentioned matrix, first mix and execute decomposed manure (30 t/ha) or composite fertilizer (per hectare 200 kg N, 350 kg P 2o 5, 200 kg K 2o) as base manure.
2. Planting time.After March, can be transplanted to booth or open country by different time according to field facility condition.South greenhouse cultivation can be transplanted at early March, and open country needs late March to upper transplanting in April.Preferably take plastic film mulching cultivation mode.
3. plantation density.By above-mentioned cultivating groove, every groove cultivation a line, the actual line-spacing of wide, narrow row is respectively 65 cm and 85 cm, spacing in the rows 30 cm, per hectare can field planting 4.2 ten thousand young plants.
4. field planting method.From lifting, classification, to field planting, try one's best the shortening time, should accomplish lifting on the same day, field planting on the same day.At bottom of trench, first spread the thick mixed-matrix of 5 cm, the fleshy root of seedling is evenly stretched, be put in ditch, root is stretched naturally.Add matrix, make matrix gross thickness reach 25 cm, a little compacting.Water permeable after, upper berth dropper band and black mulch film.
5. strengthen water and fertilizer management.After field planting, carry out heat insulation work, and note watering in time, to urge its slow seedling.Process of growth is according to the form of plant, and the situation adjustment such as the extraneous weather frequency of watering, to keep rhizosphere matrix moistening.Enter after 5 month temperatures risings, fine day all needs to water 1 time every day, each watering time 15-20 minute.Topdress and can every 20 days, topdress 1-2 time since late May later, Ke Jiang composite fertilizer or sterilization fertilizer evenly spread fertilizer over the fields from root 5 cm places, and Liquid Fertilizer also can apply with dripping irrigation water.Before and after the beginning of autumn, per hectare is executed 750 kilograms of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizers, and the double teeming autumn floods.After late September, to control fertilizer, avoid new stem pumping, promote root system to store nutrient.
5. remove weak branch.Process of growth is removed deformity, meticulous, susceptible tender stem in time, and the autumn is sent out stem tender and all removes, to guarantee underground bulb and root growth.
Three, asparagus stock takes and storage
1. asparagus stock takes.After frost in autumn, when asparagus stem branch is withered and yellow, can take asparagus stock, before freezing, must dig out.Be mid-November to early December, dug healthy and strong, bulbil many and thick stock.While uprooting strain, should try one's best and not hinder root or hinder less root, more than keeping long 25 cm of root system.While uprooting strain, should from one end of asparagus plant, mention two ends plastic film, upwards mention stock, shake off matrix, cut off if necessary root system between strain.
2. stock is preserved.Stock is placed at the temperature of 0 ℃~5 ℃, impels its dormancy, and upper cover guarantees that with straw stock is not subject to freeze injury and not air-dry, and low temperature storage at least needs 15 talentes can carry out tender stem to inspire.
Four, asparagus spear inspires cultivation
1. forcing culture facility.Can in booth or greenhouse by solar heat, carry out.In booth, build and make hot temperature bed or electric seed bed heater, guarantee that soil temperature reaches more than 15 ℃.
2. bedding.Every 100 cm are wide is little furrow, dark 30 cm.Between little furrow, by the ridge, ridge, separated, wide 40 cm in the ridge, high 10 cm, are used when operating and adopting bamboo shoot as field.
3. breaking dormancy.With the gibberellin immersion root of 30-50 mg/kg or be sprayed at equably on stock, with breaking dormancy, impel bulbil to sprout.
4. dense planting stock.On seedbed, lay after the thick cultivation matrix of 2-5 cm, by stock dense planting on seedbed.The wide little ridge cultivation 6 row asparagus of each 100 cm, cultivation spacing in the rows is 15-20 cm.During row's root, make stock towards tilting on one side and slightly, but bulbil must be upward.Mixed-matrix or cultivation garden mould are filled out in row limit, limit, after having planted, first water little water, finally again coated with 5-6 cm garden mould or matrix.
5. take shed.Above seedbed, build high 60 cm, the little shed of wide 100 cm.The seedbed that produces green asparagus covers the transparent plastic film of white, and after transplanting approximately 20 days, tender stem reaches 20 cm when above, can gather in the crops.
6. white asparagus is produced in sunshade.On little shed, cover the cultivation of black film or black and white double-side membrane lucifuge, in transplanting latter 20 days, the tender stem length of white asparagus reached 20 cm when above, can start to gather.Open film harvesting every day once, then cover film, can continue about 40 days harvest time.

Claims (8)

1. asparagus stock fast culture and tender stem inspire a cultivation method, it is characterized in that, step is as follows:
1) utilize root-zone limitation type culture technology quickly breeding asparagus robust stock
Select short asparagus kind of precocious, cold-resistant, resting stage, adopt seedling-cultivating tray or nutritive cube mulch seedling-cultivating method to cultivate healthy and strong seedling, grow seedlings spring and in plastic tunnel or greenhouse by solar heat, utilize electric heating or make hot temperature bed and carry out, seedling age 70-90 days; After March, according to field facility condition, by different time, be transplanted to and protect ground or open country to utilize cultivating groove cultivation; In cultivating groove, fill out without native mixed-matrix, spread field planting after dropper and black plastic film; Spacing in the rows 30 cm during field planting, per hectare 4.2 ten thousand strains; After field planting, water in time, to urge its slow seedling; Process of growth is not gathered, and promotes aerial growth, to cultivate healthy and strong subterranean stem; Enter vigorous period and water in time, every about 20 days, topdress once, mend nitrogen fertilizer application and potash fertilizer, before and after the beginning of autumn, per hectare imposes 750 kilograms of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizers, controls liquid manure after late September, avoids new stem pumping, promotes root system to store nutrient;
2) stock takes and storage
Before freezing after frost in autumn when asparagus stem branch starts to take when withered and yellow stock, the strain of uprooting is first all cut off terrestrial stem, connect film and uncover matrix, shake off matrix, do not hinder root or hinder less root, more than keeping long 25 cm of root system, stock is placed on by plastic film wrapped at the temperature of 0 ℃~5 ℃ and stores, to meet its dormancy condition, with stock, be not subject to freeze injury and air-dry being advisable not, according to different cultivars low temperature storage, need 15-20 days time;
3) tender stem inspires cultivation
In booth, build and make hot temperature bed or electric seed bed heater, guarantee that soil temperature reaches 15 ℃-20 ℃; In hotbed, carry out the little furrow that 30 cm are dark, on furrow face, lay after the thick cultivation matrix of 5 cm, the seeding row spacing dense planting that stock is pressed to 20 cm * 20 cm is on cultivation matrix, every furrow are built a little shed, on cover the transparent plastic film of white for the production of green asparagus, after transplanting 20 days, when tender stem reaches 20 cm, can start to gather;
4) white asparagus is produced in sunshade
On little shed, cover the cultivation of black film or black and white double-side membrane lucifuge, after transplanting 20 days, tender stem length reaches 20 cm when above, can start to gather; Open film harvesting every day once, then cover film shading, can continue about 40 days harvest time.
2. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, the asparagus robust seedling described in step 1) requires to have 4~6 stems, and stem slightly reaches 0.12 cm, and high 30~45 cm of stem also have flourishing root system.
3. the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that, pressing different time according to field facility condition and transplant described in step 1), southern greenhouse cultivation can be transplanted at early March, open country needs late March to upper transplanting in April, covers in early days little shed and mulch film with insulation.
4. the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that, cultivation groove width 45 cm described in step 1), dark 30 cm, separation employing is wide, narrow row is spaced, narrow row spacing 20 cm, wide line space 40 cm, at trench bottom, spread the old canopy film that 0.15 mm is thick, at wall, spread plastic foil or 50 g/m 2the nonwoven of specification to be to completely cut off soil, prevents that asparagus root from growing to surrounding; In groove, fill out the thick soilless culture substrate with 18-20 cm.
5. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, the soilless culture mixed-matrix described in step 1) can be selected two or more mixed-matrix of mushroom residue, stalk, charring rice husk, sawdust, the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite, cinder.
6. the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that, wine hot temperature bed or the electric seed bed heater in booth described in step 3), built, refer to that organic fermentation product of filling 15 cm at booth or sunlight indoor growing bed is to improve soil temperature, or lay heating wire and heat to guarantee that soil temperature is more than 10 ℃.
7. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in the hotbed described in step 3), carries out the little furrow that 30 cm are dark, and 100 cm are wide, and planting density is 20 * 20 cm, and every furrow are heeled in 6 row asparagus; The ridging ridge between furrow, wide 40 cm in the ridge, high 15 cm, are used when operating and adopting bamboo shoot as field; Each little furrow is built wide 100 cm, and the little shed of high 60 cm, covers white plastic film on little shed, by canopy film surrounding sealing thermal insulation, keeps higher canopy temperature, to accelerate out bamboo shoot as far as possible; Will cover straw mat night, in order to avoid frostbite and freeze injury.
8. the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that, lucifuge cultivation described in step 4) refers to, and little shed is produced white asparagus, little shed width 100 cm coated with black plastic film, height 60 cm, the black plastic film that upper cover 0.015 mm is thick or black and white double-side membrane lucifuge, shading rate is more than 99.9%, and tender stem grows to after 20 cm, open film harvesting white asparagus every day once, then cover in time black thin film shading.
CN201310596709.8A 2013-11-25 2013-11-25 Method for quickly culturing stools of asparagus officinalis, promoting germination of tender stems and cultivating same of asparagus officinalis Pending CN103704100A (en)

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CN103975756A (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-08-13 河北省农林科学院经济作物研究所 Green asparagus close planting dwarfing high-yield cultivation method
CN104381005A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-04 黄德元 Harvest management method for asparagus in southern Anhui region
CN104604813A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-13 付道坤 Method for breeding golden cicada in asparagus field
CN104756657A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-07-08 杭州佳惠农业开发有限公司 Fertilization method for two-time stalk reservation and three-time harvesting for asparagus
CN105210588A (en) * 2014-06-18 2016-01-06 镇江市丹徒区澳源食用菌专业合作社 Asparagus yield-increasing cultivation method
CN106305381A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-11 安庆市宝风农业发展有限公司 Chinese ash seedling cultivation substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106342666A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-25 安庆市宝风农业发展有限公司 Seedling culture medium for Sinojackia xylocarpa Hu and preparation method thereof
CN106472055A (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-03-08 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A kind of quick-growing cultivation method of no native turf
CN108283106A (en) * 2017-07-13 2018-07-17 四川农业大学 A kind of method of winter production folding basal part of the ear bamboo shoot
CN109769446A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-05-21 杭州佳惠农业开发有限公司 Management method asparagus seed farm fertilising and irrigated

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CN103975756B (en) * 2014-06-05 2016-03-30 河北省农林科学院经济作物研究所 High-yield cultivating method is downgraded in a kind of green asparagus dense planting
CN105210588A (en) * 2014-06-18 2016-01-06 镇江市丹徒区澳源食用菌专业合作社 Asparagus yield-increasing cultivation method
CN104381005A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-04 黄德元 Harvest management method for asparagus in southern Anhui region
CN104604813A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-13 付道坤 Method for breeding golden cicada in asparagus field
CN104756657A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-07-08 杭州佳惠农业开发有限公司 Fertilization method for two-time stalk reservation and three-time harvesting for asparagus
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CN106472055A (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-03-08 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A kind of quick-growing cultivation method of no native turf
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CN108283106A (en) * 2017-07-13 2018-07-17 四川农业大学 A kind of method of winter production folding basal part of the ear bamboo shoot
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CN109769446B (en) * 2019-03-22 2021-06-01 杭州佳惠农业开发有限公司 Management method for fertilization and irrigation of asparagus seed production field

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