CN104620801A - Technical method for cowpea planting - Google Patents

Technical method for cowpea planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104620801A
CN104620801A CN201310569194.2A CN201310569194A CN104620801A CN 104620801 A CN104620801 A CN 104620801A CN 201310569194 A CN201310569194 A CN 201310569194A CN 104620801 A CN104620801 A CN 104620801A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cowpea
planting
furrow
seeding
soil
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Pending
Application number
CN201310569194.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Harbin Paiteng Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Harbin Paiteng Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Harbin Paiteng Agricultural Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Harbin Paiteng Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310569194.2A priority Critical patent/CN104620801A/en
Publication of CN104620801A publication Critical patent/CN104620801A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a technical method for cowpea planting. The technical method for cowpea planting comprises the following steps: 1, planting time of the directing seeding of the cowpea on an open field in spring should be 10 days before the local late frost, in this time, the ground temperature of the soil 10 centimeters underground the earth is stable from 10 DEG C to 12 DEG C, planting time in autumn should be 110 days to 120 days before the local early frost; 2, appropriate improved variety is selected and used; 3, soil preparation and base fertilizer fertilization: large field of the cowpea should be combined with soil preparation and furrowing, enough base fertilizer is fertilized, especially increase the fertilizing amount of phosphate and potash fertilizer, around 5000 kilograms mature compost and miscellaneous fertilizer should be fertilized per acre; 4, seeding and seeding cultivation: direct seeding and seeding transplanting are fine, under normal circumstances the production of the seeding transplanting is increased by 25 percent to 35 percent compared with the production of the direct seeding. According to the technical method for cowpea planting, the labor force are greatly saved, the cost of cowpea planting is reduced, the survival rate of the cowpea is improved, the cowpea planting benefit is improved, the disease resistance of the cowpea and the ability to resist the insert attack of the cowpea are enhanced, the purpose of high yield and high quality is achieved, and the method has a large popularization value.

Description

A kind of cowpea planting technology method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of planting technology, particularly a kind of cowpea planting technology method, belongs to agricultural plantation technology field.
Background technology
Cowpea requires high temperature, and warm tolerance is strong, and growth thermophilic is 20 ~ 25 DEG C, summer more than 35 DEG C high temperature still can normally bear pods, also not fallen flowers, but not resistance to frost, long period low temperature below 10 DEG C, grows suppressed.Cowpea belongs to short day crop, but belongs to middle photosensitiveness as the asparagus bean of vegetable growing more, and counterglow requires very strict, as red mouth swallow, the kind such as cowpea 28-2, south spring, summer, autumn all can cultivate.Cowpea is wide to soil suitability, as long as draining is good, the field that the soil is porous all can be planted, and beanpod is tender, and pod bearing period requires that rich water is sufficient.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is based on existing cowpea planting technology, adopt the principles of science of novelty, propose a kind of cowpea planting technology method, it greatly saves labour, reduce cowpea planting cost, improve cowpea survival rate, enhance the benefit of plantation cowpea, the disease resistance of cowpea and insect pest ability are strengthened, reaches the object of high yield and high quality.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the employing of its technical problem is: a kind of cowpea planting technology method, and its planting technology method adopts following steps to realize.
(1) sowing time: the time of cowpea open field live broadcast in spring, should at local late frost first about 10 days, now soil 10 centimetres of ground temperature should be stabilized in 10-12 oc.The planted in fall time should before local early frost arrives 110-120 days.(2) suitable breeding is selected: the basic principle of seed selection is: one will according to the reaction of kind counterglow length, and select the undemanding improved seeds of counterglow requirement, three seasons all can cultivate.Two according to the reaction of kind to temperature, will determine cultivation season, and cold-resistant heat-resisting kind, can cultivate at spring and autumn, heat-resisting frigolabile kind, should at summer culture, and general white pod kind is more heat-resisting than blue or green pod kind.Three will occur and natural calamity situation according to local cowpea damage by disease and insect, select the improved seeds of Resistant, strong stress resistance, could obtain high and stable yields.(3) whole ground basal dressing: furrow should be done in conjunction with whole in cowpea land for growing field crops, use sufficient base manure, especially want increasing application phosphorus potassium fertilizer, generally every mu of heap should executing to become thoroughly decomposed, about 5000 kilograms, miscellaneous fertilizers, with good conditionsily also on furrow face, a small amount of cake fertilizer of ditch spread or chicken manure should make base manure, bar is granted loose executing and is combined.The furrow formula of cowpea plantation, be flat furrow in northern China, furrow are wide about 1.3 meters, and south is high furrow, and furrow wide (bag ditch) 1.2-1.4 rice, ditch depth 25-30 centimetre, is beneficial to draining.Every furrow can plant duplicate rows, so that bay is gathered.(4) sowing and nursery: sow can live also can seedling raising and transplanting, generally, seedling raising and transplanting is than live volume increase 25-35%.During sowing, seed thickness of earth covering is 2-3 centimetre, then covers the insulation of little arch film.After coming up, strengthen aeration-cooling, prevent excessive growth.When first pair of true leaf exposes and do not launch, get final product field planting to land for growing field crops.Density is every mu of 3300-3800 cave, every cave 3 strain.Autumn in summer cowpea, many employings are live, will water vola water before sowing, then hoe pine table soil, and every bunch planting kind 3-4 grain, blinding 3 cm, in order to prevent soil water evaporation, preferably covers a small amount of dogstail.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: a kind of cowpea planting technology method that the present invention proposes, it greatly saves labour, reduce cowpea planting cost, improve cowpea survival rate, enhance the benefit of plantation cowpea, the disease resistance of cowpea and insect pest ability are strengthened, reaches the object of high yield and high quality, there is larger promotional value.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with instantiation, the invention will be further described.
A kind of cowpea planting technology method, its planting technology method adopts following steps to realize.
(1) sowing time: the time of cowpea open field live broadcast in spring, should at local late frost first about 10 days, now soil 10 centimetres of ground temperature should be stabilized in 10-12 oc.The planted in fall time should before local early frost arrives 110-120 days.(2) suitable breeding is selected: the basic principle of seed selection is: one will according to the reaction of kind counterglow length, and select the undemanding improved seeds of counterglow requirement, three seasons all can cultivate.Two according to the reaction of kind to temperature, will determine cultivation season, and cold-resistant heat-resisting kind, can cultivate at spring and autumn, heat-resisting frigolabile kind, should at summer culture, and general white pod kind is more heat-resisting than blue or green pod kind.Three will occur and natural calamity situation according to local cowpea damage by disease and insect, select the improved seeds of Resistant, strong stress resistance, could obtain high and stable yields.(3) whole ground basal dressing: furrow should be done in conjunction with whole in cowpea land for growing field crops, use sufficient base manure, especially want increasing application phosphorus potassium fertilizer, generally every mu of heap should executing to become thoroughly decomposed, about 5000 kilograms, miscellaneous fertilizers, with good conditionsily also on furrow face, a small amount of cake fertilizer of ditch spread or chicken manure should make base manure, bar is granted loose executing and is combined.The furrow formula of cowpea plantation, be flat furrow in northern China, furrow are wide about 1.3 meters, and south is high furrow, and furrow wide (bag ditch) 1.2-1.4 rice, ditch depth 25-30 centimetre, is beneficial to draining.Every furrow can plant duplicate rows, so that bay is gathered.(4) sowing and nursery: sow can live also can seedling raising and transplanting, generally, seedling raising and transplanting is than live volume increase 25-35%.During sowing, seed thickness of earth covering is 2-3 centimetre, then covers the insulation of little arch film.After coming up, strengthen aeration-cooling, prevent excessive growth.When first pair of true leaf exposes and do not launch, get final product field planting to land for growing field crops.Density is every mu of 3300-3800 cave, every cave 3 strain.Autumn in summer cowpea, many employings are live, will water vola water before sowing, then hoe pine table soil, and every bunch planting kind 3-4 grain, blinding 3 cm, in order to prevent soil water evaporation, preferably covers a small amount of dogstail.

Claims (1)

1. a cowpea planting technology method, is characterized in that: described planting technology method adopts following steps to realize:
(1) sowing time: the time of cowpea open field live broadcast in spring, should at local late frost first about 10 days, now soil 10 centimetres of ground temperature should be stabilized in 10-12 oc, the planted in fall time should before local early frost arrives 110-120 days, (2) suitable breeding is selected: the basic principle of seed selection is: one will according to the reaction of kind counterglow length, and select the undemanding improved seeds of counterglow requirement, three seasons all can cultivate, two according to the reaction of kind to temperature, will determine cultivation season, and cold-resistant heat-resisting kind, can cultivate at spring and autumn, heat-resisting frigolabile kind, should at summer culture, and general white pod kind is more heat-resisting than blue or green pod kind, three will occur and natural calamity situation according to local cowpea damage by disease and insect, select the improved seeds of Resistant, strong stress resistance, could obtain high and stable yields, (3) whole ground basal dressing: furrow should be done in conjunction with whole in cowpea land for growing field crops, use sufficient base manure, especially want increasing application phosphorus potassium fertilizer, generally every mu of heap should executing to become thoroughly decomposed, about 5000 kilograms, miscellaneous fertilizers, with good conditionsily also on furrow face, a small amount of cake fertilizer of ditch spread or chicken manure should make base manure, bar is granted loose executing and is combined, the furrow formula of cowpea plantation, be flat furrow in northern China, furrow are wide about 1.3 meters, and south is high furrow, furrow wide (bag ditch) 1.2-1.4 rice, ditch depth 25-30 centimetre, is beneficial to draining, (4) sowing and nursery: sow can live also can seedling raising and transplanting, generally, seedling raising and transplanting is than live volume increase 25-35%, during sowing, seed thickness of earth covering is 2-3 centimetre, then the insulation of little arch film is covered, after coming up, strengthen aeration-cooling, prevent excessive growth, when first pair of true leaf exposes and does not launch, get final product field planting to land for growing field crops, density is every mu of 3300-3800 cave, every cave 3 strain, autumn in summer cowpea, many employings are live, vola water to be watered before sowing, then hoe pine table soil, every bunch planting kind 3-4 grain, blinding 3 cm, in order to prevent soil water evaporation, preferably cover a small amount of dogstail 1.
CN201310569194.2A 2013-11-15 2013-11-15 Technical method for cowpea planting Pending CN104620801A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310569194.2A CN104620801A (en) 2013-11-15 2013-11-15 Technical method for cowpea planting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310569194.2A CN104620801A (en) 2013-11-15 2013-11-15 Technical method for cowpea planting

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104620801A true CN104620801A (en) 2015-05-20

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CN201310569194.2A Pending CN104620801A (en) 2013-11-15 2013-11-15 Technical method for cowpea planting

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CN (1) CN104620801A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248119A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-20 和县聂兴圩蔬菜种植有限责任公司 Method for preventing cowpea seedlings from overgrowing
CN105265156A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-27 和县利民蔬菜种植专业合作社 Cowpea strong seedling cultivation method
CN106688532A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-24 蚌埠市宗洼草鸡养殖农民专业合作社 Cowpea planting method
CN109006276A (en) * 2018-09-08 2018-12-18 云南洒基农业科技有限公司 A kind of method that can promote crop selenium-rich

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105265156A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-27 和县利民蔬菜种植专业合作社 Cowpea strong seedling cultivation method
CN105248119A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-20 和县聂兴圩蔬菜种植有限责任公司 Method for preventing cowpea seedlings from overgrowing
CN106688532A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-24 蚌埠市宗洼草鸡养殖农民专业合作社 Cowpea planting method
CN109006276A (en) * 2018-09-08 2018-12-18 云南洒基农业科技有限公司 A kind of method that can promote crop selenium-rich

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Application publication date: 20150520

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