CN104160911B - Crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique - Google Patents

Crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique Download PDF

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CN104160911B
CN104160911B CN201410345828.0A CN201410345828A CN104160911B CN 104160911 B CN104160911 B CN 104160911B CN 201410345828 A CN201410345828 A CN 201410345828A CN 104160911 B CN104160911 B CN 104160911B
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pinching
pruning
shoot
major branch
hillside fields
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蒙祥周
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SANDU SHUI AUTONOMOUS COUNTY GRAPES INSTITUTE
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SANDU SHUI AUTONOMOUS COUNTY GRAPES INSTITUTE
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, definite value then seedling stays cutting back, selecting and remain after rudiment after two young sprouts grow selects 1 vigorous branches as main climing, and inserted link stretches and draws and apply frame, the weak branch of another one is erased, main long rear pinching of overgrowing forms trunk, save cultivation two sublateral shoots after pinching on top two and make major branch, other sublateral shoot is erased, and extract grape tendril, two major branches first grow to both sides along hillside fields horizontal direction separately, rear vertical hillside fields separately horizontal line inclined slope aspect boots up, rear pinching is cultivated in binding, the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, but stay leaf pinching without exception, and bundle.Mountain region crystal grape branches and tendrils after shaping are not overlapping or overlap is extremely slight, prune, tie up branch, pinching, bud picking, bagging, pluck simple, quick, the savings of work and time such as fruit, strong, tree-like stable, the specification of tree vigo(u)r, fruit ear is large, neat, product commodity is high, and output very easily controls.

Description

Crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, belong to grape pruning technique field.
Background technology
The fruit that grape is liked as a kind of people is very much widely cultivated, and in existing planting technology, most planting technology for adapting to T-shaped grape trellis, also has Some Species planting technology to be also show from the basis of this planting technology to become.These planting technologies compare and are adapted at smooth soil, flat area is planted.But this planting technology is at south China, particularly Yun-Gui Plateau is not just well suited for, because the large area smooth fewer majority in soil in Yun-Gui Plateau is hillside fields, when setting up grape trellis, on slope, toe is connected, whole frame face banking, if implement in hillside fields to use existing T-shaped grape trellis planting technology, following point will be there is: 1, if strengthen horizontal gradient line spacing in the rows, the line-spacing reduced between horizontal gradient is planted, after added 3 years, because being subject to grape to the impact of top property habit of growth, result principal deformation down long in T-shaped declines, the fruit bearing shoot that rises growth is too strong, too overlapping with the T-shaped trunk of lastrow, whole orchard is tree-like muddles things up, if 2 strengthen horizontal gradient line spacing in the rows, the line-spacing do not reduced between horizontal gradient is planted, after added 3 years, because being subject to grape to the impact of top property habit of growth, fruit branch change down long in T-shaped declines, and the fruit bearing shoot growth risen is too strong, just progressively develop into existing plantation situation, seriously there is the problem of the covering of branches and leaves juxtaposition, tree-like instability, do not utilize the growth of bearing fruit of grape, be unfavorable for grape industrialization management.If 3 adopt longitudinally whole " T " shaped frame in hillside fields, when result is after several years, down grow "T"-shaped principal arm to die down gradually, finally withered, tree-like thus develop into Dulong form, simultaneously for crystal grape growth habit, longitudinally whole " T " shaped frame is adopted in hillside fields, the density of horizontal ladder band plant distance certainly will be strengthened, the i.e. spacing in the rows of 1m, the farming operations such as unfavorable field climbing slope and dealing pit carrying vineyard countryside tax system product, grape fruit and back of the body explosive barrel spray medicine, it is irregular to add inclined-plane, hillside fields, local also has large rock, builds garden impact greatly on suiting measures to local conditions.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to: a kind of crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique is provided, the growth of this technology mainly in order to make grape adapt to hillside fields, and avoid grape in process of growth, there is the phenomenon of branches and leaves juxtaposition, build standardization tree-like, promote hillside fields grape industrialized development.
Technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, definite value then seedling stays cutting back, selecting and remain after rudiment after two young sprouts grow selects 1 vigorous branches as main climing, and inserted link stretches and draws and apply frame, the weak branch of another one is erased, main long rear pinching of overgrowing forms trunk, save cultivation two sublateral shoots after pinching on top two and make major branch, other sublateral shoot is erased, and extract grape tendril, two major branches first grow to both sides along hillside fields horizontal direction separately, rear vertical hillside fields separately horizontal line inclined slope aspect boots up, rear pinching is cultivated in binding, the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, but stay leaf pinching without exception, and bundle.
Above-mentioned crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, field planting is after major branch is formed then, and field planting Second Year, stays stake not stay bud to prune when the winter repaiies on major branch on the pair grown is climing.
Above-mentioned crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, field planting the 3rd year and after, when the annual winter repaiies, select spur pruning or the middle tip to prune or long cane pruning according to the growing space of major branch elongated shoot, the fruit bearing shoot that major branch respectively saves stays 1 bud repeatedly to prune.
The fruit bearing shoot that major branch respectively saves stays 1 bud repeatedly to prune.
Above-mentioned crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, in described pruning technique while carrying out shaping location to major branch part, prune major branch part, this pruning includes summer pruning and winter pruning, and summer pruning includes:
1., bud picking determines the tip: the useless kryptoblast erasing old climing upper sprouting, and twin, treble shoot only stays a main bud; Carry out determining the tip when young sprout grows to and can recognize inflorescence situation, main climing basis is stayed to strengthen and is not stayed weak principle to stay a fruit bearing shoot every 10-15cm;
2., pinching: spending previous week, female climing more than the inflorescence of going up most of result stays the pinching of 5-7 leaf, takes out the sublateral shoot sent out, and go up two joints most and stay the pinching repeatedly of 1-2 leaf, all the other sublateral shoots are all erased;
3., branch is tied up: fruit bearing shoot often long 15cm ties up primary tiller, vertical major branch level binding;
4., whole, flower thinning fringe: strong weak according to fruit bearing shoot, removes hypoplasia, too much colored fringe; Within 5-7 days before spending, remove secondary fringe, and pinch the 1/4-1/5 of sequence of deflorating;
5., tendril is removed: extract all tendrils grown.
Described winter pruning is carried out before should starting to next year bleeding after grape fallen leaves, and the master strong to growth potential spreads long shoot should based on long cane pruning, and last year, fruit bearing shoot should be the extremely short tip, short cane pruning, and the back of the body is all wiped out by undershoot, and back branch stays stake not stay bud to prune.
Above-mentioned crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, described field planting is then in pruning technique, after two major branches first separately grow to phase mutual edge distance 95-105cm along hillside fields horizontal direction to both sides, more vertical hillside fields horizontal line inclined slope aspect boots up, bundlees and be cultured to apart from pinching during a upper strain major branch 95-105cm separately.
Above-mentioned crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, described field planting is then in pruning technique, and 2-3 bud cutting back is stayed in field planting then seedling, selects 1 vigorous branches as main climing after rudiment when 2 young sprouts of selecting and remain grow to 8-12cm, and inserted link stretches and draws and apply frame, the weak branch of another one is erased.
Above-mentioned crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, described field planting is then in pruning technique, and main climing when growing to apart from frame face 10-15cm, pinching forms trunk.
Above-mentioned crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, described field planting is then in pruning technique, the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, but stay the pinching of 3-4 leaf without exception, stay the sublateral shoot of 3-4 leaf pinching, except going up most one and saving the sublateral shoot grown and stay 3 leaf pinching, all the other sublateral shoots grown again are all erased, the sublateral shoot grown after comprising.
Above-mentioned crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, described field planting is then in pruning technique, and the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, and vertical major branch level binding.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: select 1 shape branch master climing in method of the present invention, and inserted link stretches and draws and apply frame, is conducive to nutrient concentrated supply, impels the sturdy growth of trunk, the trunk after growth and being convenient to after field operate; Trunk stays 2 major branch inclined slope aspect growths, one has met the habit of grape to the growth of top property, and the two there will not be a fruit bearing shoot too strong, the situation that another result principal deformation declines; And two major branch parallel interval bindings, the vertical major branch level binding of the secondary sublateral shoot on it, makes tree-like regular, avoid between grape branches and tendrils overlapped, and growth is evenly sturdy; Mountain region crystal grape branches and tendrils after shaping are not overlapping or overlap is extremely slight, prune, tie up branch, pinching, bud picking, bagging, pluck simple, quick, the savings of work and time such as fruit, strong, tree-like stable, the specification of tree vigo(u)r, fruit ear is large, neat, product commodity is high, and output very easily controls.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the tree-like schematic perspective view after grape pruning of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the tree-like schematic front view after grape pruning of the present invention;
Embodiment
A kind of crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, as shown in accompanying drawing 1-2, this pruning technique to definite value then seedling stay cutting back, selecting and remain after rudiment after two young sprouts grow selects 1 vigorous branches as main climing, and inserted link stretches and draws and apply frame, the weak branch of another one is erased, main long rear pinching of overgrowing forms trunk, save cultivation two sublateral shoots after pinching on top two and make major branch, other sublateral shoot is erased, and extract grape tendril, two major branches first grow to both sides along hillside fields horizontal direction separately, now form T-shaped structure between two major branches and trunk, rear vertical hillside fields separately horizontal line inclined slope aspect boots up, rear pinching is cultivated in binding, this time two just becomes 1 U-shaped structure between major branch, the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, but stay leaf pinching without exception, and bundle.Only select a vigorous branches as main climing in this technology, be conducive to nutrient concentrated supply, promote the sturdy growth of trunk, and field operation after being convenient to.Because this county annual is during a young sprout taken out by grape, hail disaster weather happens occasionally, for providing against any misfortune, therefore 2 young sprouts growths of selecting and remain.1 can also continued growth by another one after disaster.In enforcement pruning process of the present invention, following work must be carried out: 1, column draws steel wire to carry out frame immediately before field planting or after field planting; 2, about specification plantation density is 66 strains/and mu, and the spacing in the rows of hillside fields horizontal gradient ensures between 1.9-2.1m, and lengthwise rows is apart from being about 5m; 3, grape High-efficient Production management, just can reach field planting then, be shaped then, Second Year is born fruit, and within the 3rd year, enters the full bearing period of beginning, for the 2-3 year is saved in conventional cultivation management.As long as and before technology be after rudiment, take out that to send out branch healthy and strong, all optional giving over to is main climing drawing apply frame, just forms many dry natural radiation shapes tree-like with the 2-3 year, adopts 3-4 to save pruning later.In the past tree-like sends out trunk multiple owing to taking out from base portion, nutrient disperses, added formation is tree-like time-consuming, and each trunk is different in size, having many bends or curves, and the field operation of grape circle be the most complicated in fruit tree, work system is maximum, many trunks have a strong impact on field and to shuttle operation, especially erase in summer pruning, winter old branch bark, brushing is time-consuming especially takes a lot of work.Use the words of this pruning technique, stay on top after avoiding occurring the grape pinching of conventional cultivation multiple sublateral shoot as major branch or not pinching no matter self-sow, only guided into the frame face binding of having living space, formation frame is many, trunk penetrates shape naturally, though early stage, envelope row was fast, but nutrient disperses, branches and tendrils are thin and delicate, overlapping serious, unstable, later employing 3-4 saves and prunes, move outside grape setting fruit position and be exceedingly fast, wherein each strain walk downward to grape master climing, due to the behavioral effect by crops apical growth advantage after 3-4, growing way progressively weakens, finally withered, the grape branches and tendrils that rise progressively strengthen, seriously overlapped between the grape branch making this tree-like, tree-like unrest, lack of standardization, unstable, orchard is soon aging, institute's result fringe size is uneven, overall commodity is poor, grape is pruned, bud picking, pinching, tie up branch time-consuming, add that the phenomenon that there is the undue overlapping frame space that maybe can not make full use of on frame between each strain is serious, overall productivity is low or wayward.Newly tree-like according to the field investigation of crops to top property habit of growth and my multiple years, the fruit bearing shoot of pumping then, as long as the average length staying the short sharp pinching of 5-7 leaf more than last setting fruit position joint is 1.04m, with regard to this shaping, mountain region crystal grape branches and tendrils are not overlapping or overlap is extremely slight, prune, tie up branch, pinching, bud picking, bagging, pluck fruit etc. easy, quick, saving of work and time, strong tree-like stable, the specification of tree vigo(u)r, fruit ear is large, neat, product commodity is high, and output very easily controls.
Field planting is after major branch is formed then, and field planting Second Year, stays stake not stay bud to prune when the winter repaiies on major branch on the pair grown is climing.Former numerous orchard workers are in field planting winter pruning then, and generally not sprouting when joint hibernaculum after pumping sublateral shoot in summer of all selecting and remain, summer in the first year, pumping sublateral shoot cell was elongated, did not enrich.Internode is long, as the old stake of branch group, after grape germinates and branches out, the old stake of pumping sublateral shoot in summer and the branch of pumping on it, and the major branch of giving birth to it and grow and be out of step, later on it, the branch of branch group raw major branch increasing slightly obviously with it, and cut the old stake stayed then and do not increase thick or increase thick very slow, form a bottleneck, have a strong impact on the nutrient transport between major branch and branch group, institute's result fringe is little, and growth potential is weak; Stay stake not stay bud to prune on the pair grown on major branch when winter repaiies is climing, each joint hibernaculum can be impelled on grape major branch all to sprout, branches out, result.Through me many years of field practical application and confirmation after demonstrating, if when rudiment, its top major branch undercarriage is reduced its top branch height, slow down the long-living advantage in top, after promoting that sprouting is respectively saved in its major branch middle and lower part, again added for major branch top reinstatement is drawn and tie up, inspire top respectively save branch sprout branch out, send out fruit bearing shoot more neat and consistent, stay the pinching of 3-4 sheet leaf without exception because major branch last year respectively saves simultaneously, go up most one to save the sublateral shoot grown and stay 3 leaf pinching, all the other sublateral shoots are all erased, impel this sublateral shoot sturdy, photosynthetic area is large, be accumulated in major branch when joint hibernaculum photosynthetic product many, its flower bud differentiation is comprehensive, after wiping out sublateral shoot, nutrient supply is more concentrated, the fruit ear tied is larger, commodity is good, if the pair grown on major branch when the winter repaiies is climing cut flat major branch, do not stay stake, major branch bottom is not sprouted and to be branched out or irregular, affects newly tree-like formation.
Field planting the 3rd year and after, when the annual winter repaiies, select spur pruning or the middle tip to prune or long cane pruning according to the growing space of major branch elongated shoot, the fruit bearing shoot that major branch respectively saves stays 1 bud repeatedly to prune.Ensure that every strain has about 80 young sprouts.Former numerous orchard workers' winter pruning, all stays 2-4 bud to prune, and moves fast, and cause branch group bottom baldness outside setting fruit position, and local branch is overlapping serious, tree-like instability, and orchard is soon aging; The fruit bearing shoot respectively saved as adopted major branch stays 1 bud repeatedly to prune, each year prunes, setting fruit position is constant or change is little, prune, tie up branch, pinching, bud picking, bagging, to pluck the fields such as fruit easy and simple to handle, quick, saving of work and time, strong tree-like stable, the specification of tree vigo(u)r, not juxtaposition, the not closing of each fruit bearing shoot, output easily controls simultaneously, institute's result fringe is large, neat, and painted good, product commodity is high.
In pruning technique while carrying out shaping location to major branch part, prune major branch part, this pruning includes summer pruning and winter pruning, and summer pruning includes:
1., bud picking determines the tip: the useless kryptoblast erasing old climing upper sprouting, and twin, treble shoot only stays a main bud; Carry out determining the tip when young sprout grows to and can recognize inflorescence situation, main climing basis is stayed to strengthen and is not stayed weak principle to stay a fruit bearing shoot every 10-15cm, and namely the fruit bearing shoot of about 75 is stayed in every strain;
2., pinching: spending previous week, female climing more than the inflorescence of going up most of result stays the pinching of 5-7 leaf, takes out the sublateral shoot sent out, and go up two joints most and stay the pinching repeatedly of 1-2 leaf, all the other sublateral shoots are all erased, and require that each fruit branch has 13-16 sheet leaf;
3., branch is tied up: fruit bearing shoot often long 15cm ties up primary tiller, vertical major branch level binding;
4., whole, flower thinning fringe: strong weak according to fruit bearing shoot, removes hypoplasia, too much colored fringe; Within 5-7 days before spending, remove secondary fringe, and pinch the 1/4-1/5 of sequence of deflorating;
5., remove tendril: the tendril grown is extractd at any time, tendril consumes nutrient, is wound around branches and tendrils, should removes tendril while pinching.
Described winter pruning is carried out before should starting to next year bleeding after grape fallen leaves, and the master strong to growth potential spreads long shoot should based on long cane pruning, and last year, fruit bearing shoot should be the extremely short tip, short cane pruning, and the back of the body is all wiped out by undershoot, and back branch stays stake not stay bud to prune.Pruning stays the length of branch to divide according to branches and tendrils: pole spur pruning (staying 1 bud), spur pruning (staying 2-3 bud), the middle tip prune (staying 4-7 bud), long cane pruning (staying 8-12 bud), special long cane pruning (staying more than 12 buds).The strong master of growth potential spreads long shoot should based on long cane pruning, and branch group should based on the extremely short tip, short cane pruning.Because grape bud has the feature of supplementing differentiation in spring, therefore in order to simplify pruning, prevent setting fruit position extension too fast, branch group is generally stayed 1-2 to save cutting back and is advisable, and undershoot cutting back stays 1 bud, and upper branch retains 2 buds.Must note the renewal of branch group in the pruning process climing to result mother in the full bearing period, update method has single to upgrade and two branch upgrades two kinds.
Field planting is then in pruning technique, and after two major branches first grow to phase mutual edge distance 95-105cm along hillside fields horizontal direction to both sides separately, more vertical hillside fields horizontal line inclined slope aspect boots up, bundlees and be cultured to apart from pinching during a upper strain major branch 95-105 separately.Like this on major branch, longer secondary sublateral shoot carries out growing, bundling with regard to there being enough spaces, thus avoids in a jumble tree-like, and branch is overlapping, and the output of grape easily controls.
Field planting is then in pruning technique, and 2-3 cutting back is stayed in field planting then seedling, selects 1 vigorous branches as main climing after rudiment when 2 young sprouts of selecting and remain grow to 8-12cm, and inserted link stretches to draw and applies frame, and the weak branch of another one is erased.
Field planting is then in pruning technique, and main climing when growing to apart from frame face 10-15cm, pinching forms trunk.Namely mainly climingly grow to pinching after 1.7-1.75m, general frame height is 1.8-1.85 ㎝, conventional flatrack short top pinching, the cause now non-lignification of trunk, still have the habit that certain longitudinal growth extends, when the added branch of tying up of grape branches and tendrils is fixed, major branch branches and tendrils certainly will be caused bending, affect the water of grape root absorption, nutrient upwards and blade synthesize goods and materials and transport downwards; If trunk is apart from horizontal rack 10-15 ㎝ pinching, when its non-lignification still continues longitudinal growth, just grape bifurcation is just in the At The Height of horizontal rack, the upright Gao Ting of trunk, extremely sharp grape nutrient transport, simultaneously more regular again.
Field planting is then in pruning technique, and the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, but stays the pinching of 3-4 leaf without exception, stay the sublateral shoot of 3-4 sheet leaf pinching, except going up most one and saving the sublateral shoot grown and stay 3 leaf pinching, all the other sublateral shoots grown again are all erased, the sublateral shoot grown after comprising.The sublateral shoot that former numerous orchard workers all adopt major branch to grow all is erased, although major branch growth is healthy and strong, but grape branch is not easily germinated in major branch bottom after next year is pruned, simultaneously because major branch respectively saves an only blade, its photosynthesis synthetic product is supplied, storage is few when saving hibernaculum, cause its flower bud differentiation insufficient, the little or not result of institute's result fringe in the coming year; Or each major branch sublateral shoot all retains, and not pinching, confeuse the parimary with secondary, cause nutrient to disperse, major branch prolongation is obstructed, and can not form desirable tree-like.But new tree-like each major branch sublateral shoot all retains, but stay the pinching of 3-4 sheet leaf without exception, break its growing point, impel nutrient to reflux and make sublateral shoot base portion increase slightly, keep the apical growth advantage of major branch elongated shoot simultaneously always, allow newly tree-like skeleton be formed as early as possible, stay the sublateral shoot of 3-4 sheet leaf pinching, except going up most one and saving the sublateral shoot grown and stay 3 leaf pinching, all the other sublateral shoots are all erased, the sublateral shoot grown after comprising.After this time pinching impels pinching point on the one hand, the bud of axil is grown fully, form bud, for Second Year result, on the other hand this time pinching can be avoided secondary sublateral shoot to grow the nutrient caused consuming excessively, promote main climing quick growth, and ensure all can send secondary sublateral shoot between main cissoid armpit, make main climing every 1 joint can turn out bearing basal shoot then in field planting, within the 2nd year, capture high yield period output for field planting and lay the foundation.Substantially all can sprout three grades of sublateral shoots between the axil of 3-4 the blade that the pinching of secondary sublateral shoot stays, base portion 2-3 three grades of sublateral shoots of erasing, the 1st bud of only staying down the three sublateral shoots growths sent out, traction in good time its with main climing vertical-growth, formation bearing basal shoot.Pinching when staying 0.8-1 rice after bearing basal shoot length reaches about 1 meter, after pinching send out level Four sublateral shoot and erase without exception.If thin and delicate, the dysmaturity of trunk branch growth in winter, reliably near the ground cutting again is stayed 2-3 to save again to cultivate shaping.
Field planting is then in pruning technique, and the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, and vertical major branch level binding.Former numerous orchard workers all take its self-sow laissez-faire, do not remove tendril again, and multiple sublateral shoot is got together together, and overlapping serious, complicated and confused regularity is poor; Newly tree-like timely removing grape tendril, vertical major branch level binding, slows down each sublateral shoot growth potential, avoid between grape branches and tendrils overlapped, and growth is evenly sturdy.

Claims (8)

1. a crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique, it is characterized in that: bud cutting back is stayed in field planting then seedling, selecting and remain after rudiment after two young sprouts grow selects 1 vigorous branches as main climing, and inserted link stretches and draws and apply frame, the weak branch of another one is erased, main long rear pinching of overgrowing forms trunk, save cultivation two sublateral shoots after pinching on top two and make major branch, other sublateral shoot is erased, and extract grape tendril, two major branches first grow to both sides along hillside fields horizontal direction separately, rear vertical hillside fields separately horizontal line inclined slope aspect boots up, rear pinching is cultivated in binding, the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, but stay leaf pinching without exception, and bundle, field planting after major branch is formed then, the secondary sublateral shoot grown stays stake do not stay bud to prune when the field planting Second Year winter repaiies on major branch.
2. crystal grape hillside fields according to claim 1 TU shape pruning technique, it is characterized in that: when field planting the 3rd year and later annual winter repair, select spur pruning or the middle tip to prune or long cane pruning according to the growing space of major branch elongated shoot, the fruit bearing shoot that major branch respectively saves stays 1 bud repeatedly to prune.
3. the crystal grape hillside fields TU shape pruning technique according to any one of claim 1-2, it is characterized in that: in described pruning technique while shaping location is carried out to major branch part, major branch part is pruned, this pruning includes summer pruning and winter pruning, and summer pruning includes:
1., bud picking determines the tip: the useless kryptoblast erasing old climing upper sprouting, and twin, treble shoot only stays a main bud; Carry out determining the tip when young sprout grows to and can recognize inflorescence situation, major branch does not stay weak principle to stay a fruit bearing shoot every 10-15cm according to staying to strengthen;
2., pinching: spending previous week, female climing more than the inflorescence of going up most of result stays the pinching of 5-7 leaf, and take out the sublateral shoot sent out and go up two joints most and stay the pinching repeatedly of 1-2 leaf, all the other sublateral shoots are all erased;
3., branch is tied up: fruit bearing shoot often long 15cm ties up primary tiller, vertical major branch level binding;
4., whole, flower thinning fringe: strong weak according to fruit bearing shoot, removes hypoplasia, too much colored fringe; Within 5-7 days before spending, remove secondary fringe, and pinch the 1/4-1/5 of sequence of deflorating;
5., tendril is removed: extract all tendrils grown;
Described winter pruning is carried out before should starting to next year bleeding after grape fallen leaves, and the major branch elongated shoot strong to growth potential should based on long cane pruning, and last year, fruit bearing shoot should be the extremely short tip, short cane pruning, and the back of the body is all wiped out by undershoot, and back branch stays stake not stay bud to prune.
4. crystal grape hillside fields according to claim 1 TU shape pruning technique, it is characterized in that: field planting is then in pruning technique, after two major branches first separately grow to phase mutual edge distance 95-105cm along hillside fields horizontal direction to both sides, more vertical hillside fields horizontal line inclined slope aspect boots up, bundlees and be cultured to apart from pinching during a upper strain major branch 95-105cm separately.
5. crystal grape hillside fields according to claim 1 TU shape pruning technique, it is characterized in that: field planting is then in pruning technique, 2-3 bud cutting back is stayed in field planting then seedling, selecting and remain after rudiment when 2 young sprouts grow to 8-12cm selects 1 vigorous branches as main climing, and inserted link stretches and draws and apply frame, the weak branch of another one is erased.
6. crystal grape hillside fields according to claim 1 TU shape pruning technique, is characterized in that: field planting is then in pruning technique, and main climing when growing to apart from frame face 10-15cm, pinching forms trunk.
7. crystal grape hillside fields according to claim 1 TU shape pruning technique, it is characterized in that: field planting is then in pruning technique, the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, but stay the pinching of 3-4 leaf without exception, stay the sublateral shoot of 3-4 leaf pinching, except going up most one and saving the sublateral shoot grown and stay 3 leaf pinching, all the other are all erased at the sublateral shoot of growth, the sublateral shoot grown after comprising.
8. crystal grape hillside fields according to claim 1 TU shape pruning technique, is characterized in that: field planting is then in pruning technique, and the secondary sublateral shoot that each major branch joint axil grows all retains, and vertical major branch level binding.
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