CN104920090B - Double-layer horizontal arm shaped fruit tree form and tree form shaping method - Google Patents

Double-layer horizontal arm shaped fruit tree form and tree form shaping method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104920090B
CN104920090B CN201510262500.7A CN201510262500A CN104920090B CN 104920090 B CN104920090 B CN 104920090B CN 201510262500 A CN201510262500 A CN 201510262500A CN 104920090 B CN104920090 B CN 104920090B
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branch
fruit tree
layer
bud
tree
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CN104920090A (en
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魏树伟
王少敏
冉昆
王宏伟
张勇
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Shandong Luguo Modern Facility Fruit Tree Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Shandong Institute of Pomology
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

Disclosed are a double-layer horizontal arm shaped fruit tree form and a tree form shaping method. The double-layer horizontal arm shaped fruit tree form comprises a center trunk distributed at the center of a tree body, a first-layer main branch with two twigs and a second-layer main branch with two twigs, the first-layer main branch and the second-layer main branch are distributed horizontally, and the distance between the first-layer main branch and the second-layer main branch is set as 0.8-0.85m. Ventilation and light transmittance performances are improved, operations such as fruit bagging, picking and the like are facilitated, mechanical management in the later period of a fruit tree is facilitated as well, and accordingly yield of the tree fruit and quality of fruit are heightened, and laborsaving and high efficiency purposes are achieved.

Description

Fruit tree shape and tree-like shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape
First, technical field
The present invention relates to a planting fruit-trees shape and tree-like shaping methods, especially a kind of fruit tree shape based on double-layer horizontal arm shape And tree-like shaping methods.
2nd, background technology
Tree-like is the basis of cultivation of fruit tree, therefore tree-like and tree-like shaping methods are a kind of important gardening methods, existing In the tree-like and tree-like shaping methods having, cultivation of fruit tree pattern tree body is tall and big, limits the raising of fruit yield, and tree body is divulged information Printing opacity is poor, influences the yield and quality of fruit, and the management work such as bagging, pollination, laxative, harvesting to waste time and energy, so as to reduce The efficiency of the management of fruit tree, currently there are no a kind of fruit tree shape based on double-layer horizontal arm shape and tree-like shaping methods.
3rd, the content of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned technical disadvantages, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of fruit tree shape based on double-layer horizontal arm shape and Tree-like shaping methods, therefore improve the yield of fruit tree and the quality of fruit.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the present invention is adopted the technical scheme that:A kind of fruit tree shape based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, if Be set to include one the center for being distributed in tree body center do, with the ground floor major branch of two and with the second layer of two Major branch, ground floor major branch and second layer major branch are respectively set to be the level of state distribution and ground floor major branch and second layer major branch Between distance be set to 0.8-0.85 meters.
Because the major branch for devising layering is done, ventilation and penetrating light performance is increased, be also convenient for fruit tree bag cover, pollination, pruning, beat Medicine etc. is operated, and beneficial to the mechanization management of fruit tree, therefore improves the yield of fruit tree and the quality of fruit, has been saved and has been worked into This.
The present invention is devised, a kind of fruit tree shape based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, is set to include the distribution tree body of It is the center limb at center, dry and dry with the second layer major branch of two with the ground floor major branch of two, ground floor major branch it is dry with The height on ground is set to 0.82-0.92 meters and the dry height with ground of second layer major branch is set to 1.62-1.68 meters.
The present invention is devised, and fruit tree species are set to pear tree, peach or apple tree, and the kind of pear tree is set to bar pears Or beautiful dew perfume.
The present invention is devised, a kind of fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, and its step is:
It is colonized using duplicate rows the tree-like fruit tree of the present invention is implemented, spacing in the rows is set to 3.8-4.2 meters and line space 3.7- 4.3 meters, the First Year after fruit tree is colonized at fruit tree plant 80-85cm high prune determining dry-cure, to 3-5 under clip Bud and carry out carve bud treatment;
The Second Year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch is sprouted, strengthens rich water quality management, promotes shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters Long shoot;Three months the 3rd year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues vertical growth, by water The branch that flat tie is tied up, with cloth bondage to ground floor horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud, growth-promoting water to lateral bud Flat branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, and the branch for forming ground floor horizontal arm shape is that ground floor major branch is done, and vertical branch heading height is 1.6 meters More than, selected and remain under clip 3-5 bud and carve bud treatment;
The 4th year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch that vertical branch is done surely is sprouted, strengthen rich water quality management, promote shoot growth into It is more than 1.5 meters long shoots;Three months the 5th year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues straight Vertical growth, by the branch of horizontal bondage, with cloth bondage to second layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch are carried out to lateral bud Bud is carved, growth-promoting horizontal branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, the branch for forming second layer horizontal arm shape is that second layer major branch is done, continue upright raw A branch long forms center limb.
The present invention is devised, and the vertical branch heading height by the second layer is more than 1.6 meters, 3-5 bud of being selected and remain under clip And bud treatment is carved, after the branch that vertical branch is done surely is sprouted, strengthens rich water quality management, promote shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters Long shoot;Bottom determines two branches as horizontal bondage three months next years after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues vertical growth, and level is tied up The branch tied up, with cloth bondage to third layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud, growth-promoting horizontal branch to lateral bud Fruit-bearing shoot cluster is formed, the branch for forming third layer horizontal arm shape is that third layer major branch is done, the dry height with ground of third layer major branch It is set to 2.28-2.42 meters;When ground floor major branch dry ageing, ground floor major branch can be taken out and done, retained second layer major branch and do It is dry with third layer major branch.
The present invention is devised, a kind of fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, and step is:
It is colonized using duplicate rows the tree-like fruit tree of the present invention is implemented, spacing in the rows is set to 3.85 meters and 4.27 meters of line space, The First Year after fruit tree is colonized, at fruit tree plant 83.5cm high prune determining dry-cure, to 3-5 bud under clip and enters Row carves bud treatment;
The Second Year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch is sprouted, strengthens rich water quality management, promotes shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters Long shoot;Three months the 3rd year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues vertical growth, by water The branch that flat tie is tied up, with cloth bondage to ground floor horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud, growth-promoting water to lateral bud Flat branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, and the branch for forming ground floor horizontal arm shape is that ground floor major branch is done, and vertical branch heading height is 1.6 meters More than, selected and remain under clip 3-5 bud and carve bud treatment;
The 4th year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch that vertical branch is done surely is sprouted, strengthen rich water quality management, promote shoot growth into It is more than 1.5 meters long shoots;Three months the 5th year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues straight Vertical growth, by the branch of horizontal bondage, with cloth bondage to second layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch are carried out to lateral bud Bud is carved, growth-promoting horizontal branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, the branch for forming second layer horizontal arm shape is that second layer major branch is done, continue upright raw A branch long forms center limb.
The present invention is devised, a kind of fruit tree shaping device based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, including column and horizontal wire strand, Column high setting is 1.8-2.2 meters, and the height of ground floor horizontal wire is set to 0.82-0.92 meters and second layer horizontal wire Height be set to 1.62-1.68 meters, the angle between the center line of horizontal wire and the center line of column is set to 90 °.
In the technical program, it is tree-like in the major branch of layering to do be important technical characteristic, based on double-layer horizontal arm shape Fruit tree shape and tree-like shaping methods technical field in, with novelty, creative and practicality, in the technical program Term all can be to be explained and understood with patent document in the art.
4th, illustrate
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing The accompanying drawing to be used needed for having technology description is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 generally does surely for of the invention in 80 or so centimeters from the ground, retains more than 3-5 bud or branch, is carved The schematic diagram of bud:
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram developed by bud or branch in First Year for long shoot of the invention:
Fig. 3 for it is of the invention by two branches it is whole be level, a branch vertically, the schematic diagram that remaining whole is removed:
Fig. 4 is of the invention cutting leader's branch apart from the place of 80-100 centimetres of ground floor branch, and the 3-5 bud selected and remain shows It is intended to:
Fig. 5 be it is of the invention allow bud develop for branch schematic diagram:
Fig. 6 for it is of the invention by two branches it is whole be level, remaining schematic diagram for removing.
5th, specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is further described, following examples are intended to illustrate rather than to this The further restriction of invention.A kind of fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, one embodiment, its step is:
It is colonized using duplicate rows the tree-like fruit tree of the present invention is implemented, spacing in the rows is set to 3.8 meters and 3.7 meters of line space, First Year after fruit tree field planting, at fruit tree plant 80cm high prune determining dry-cure, to 3-5 bud under clip and carves Bud treatment;
The Second Year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch is sprouted, strengthens rich water quality management, promotes shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters Long shoot;Three months the 3rd year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues vertical growth, by water The branch that flat tie is tied up, with cloth bondage to ground floor horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud, growth-promoting water to lateral bud Flat branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, and the branch for forming ground floor horizontal arm shape is that ground floor major branch is done, and vertical branch heading height is 1.6 meters More than, selected and remain under clip 3-5 bud and carve bud treatment;
The 4th year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch that vertical branch is done surely is sprouted, strengthen rich water quality management, promote shoot growth into It is more than 1.5 meters long shoots;Three months the 5th year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues straight Vertical growth, by the branch of horizontal bondage, with cloth bondage to second layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch are carried out to lateral bud Bud is carved, growth-promoting horizontal branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, the branch for forming second layer horizontal arm shape is that second layer major branch is done, continue upright raw A branch long forms center limb.
In the present embodiment, a kind of fruit tree shaping device based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, including column and horizontal wire strand, Column high setting is 1.8 meters, and the height of ground floor horizontal wire is set to 0.82 meter and the height of second layer horizontal wire sets 1.62 meters are set to, the angle between the center line of horizontal wire and the center line of column is set to 90 °.
Column is embedded in underground when using, and along row to every 10 meters of embedded root posts, column can be that steel pipe can also It is concrete column, the branch for forming ground floor horizontal arm shape is set to couple with ground floor horizontal wire by bondage mode, is formed The branch of second layer horizontal arm shape is set to couple with second layer horizontal wire by bondage mode.
In the present embodiment, fruit tree species are set to pear tree and the kind of pear tree is set to bar pears.Due to the life of pear tree Growing way is vigorous, strong into principal stresses, suitably forms the fruit tree shape of double-layer horizontal arm shape.
A kind of fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, second embodiment, its step is:
It is colonized using duplicate rows the tree-like fruit tree of the present invention is implemented, spacing in the rows is set to 4.2 meters and 4.3 meters of line space, First Year after fruit tree field planting, at fruit tree plant 85cm high prune determining dry-cure, to 3-5 bud under clip and carves Bud treatment;
The Second Year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch is sprouted, strengthens rich water quality management, promotes shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters Long shoot;Three months the 3rd year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues vertical growth, by water The branch that flat tie is tied up, with cloth bondage to ground floor horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud, growth-promoting water to lateral bud Flat branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, and the branch for forming ground floor horizontal arm shape is that ground floor major branch is done, and vertical branch heading height is 1.6 meters More than, selected and remain under clip 3-5 bud and carve bud treatment;
The 4th year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch that vertical branch is done surely is sprouted, strengthen rich water quality management, promote shoot growth into It is more than 1.5 meters long shoots;Three months the 5th year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues straight Vertical growth, by the branch of horizontal bondage, with cloth bondage to second layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch are carried out to lateral bud Bud is carved, growth-promoting horizontal branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, the branch for forming second layer horizontal arm shape is that second layer major branch is done, continue upright raw A branch long forms center limb.
In the present embodiment, a kind of fruit tree shaping device based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, including column and horizontal wire strand, Column high setting is 2.2 meters, and the height of ground floor horizontal wire is set to 0.92 meter and the height of second layer horizontal wire sets 1.68 meters are set to, the angle between the center line of horizontal wire and the center line of column is set to 90 °.
In the present embodiment, fruit tree species are set to pear tree and the kind of pear tree is set to beautiful dew perfume.Due to pear tree Growth potential is vigorous, strong into principal stresses, suitably forms the fruit tree shape of double-layer horizontal arm shape.
A kind of fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, the 3rd embodiment, its step is:
It is colonized using duplicate rows the tree-like fruit tree of the present invention is implemented, spacing in the rows is set to 4.0 meters and 4.0 meters of line space, First Year after fruit tree field planting, at fruit tree plant 82.5cm high prune determining dry-cure, to 3-5 bud under clip and carries out Carve bud treatment;
The Second Year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch is sprouted, strengthens rich water quality management, promotes shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters Long shoot;Three months the 3rd year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues vertical growth, by water The branch that flat tie is tied up, with cloth bondage to ground floor horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud, growth-promoting water to lateral bud Flat branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, and the branch for forming ground floor horizontal arm shape is that ground floor major branch is done, and vertical branch heading height is 1.6 meters More than, selected and remain under clip 3-5 bud and carve bud treatment;
The 4th year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch that vertical branch is done surely is sprouted, strengthen rich water quality management, promote shoot growth into It is more than 1.5 meters long shoots;Three months the 5th year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues straight Vertical growth, by the branch of horizontal bondage, with cloth bondage to second layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch are carried out to lateral bud Bud is carved, growth-promoting horizontal branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, the branch for forming second layer horizontal arm shape is that second layer major branch is done, continue upright raw A branch long forms center limb.
In the present embodiment, a kind of fruit tree shaping device based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, including column and horizontal wire strand, Column high setting is 2.0 meters, and the height of ground floor horizontal wire is set to 0.90 meter and the height of second layer horizontal wire sets 1.65 meters are set to, the angle between the center line of horizontal wire and the center line of column is set to 90 °.
In the present embodiment, fruit tree species are set to peach.Because the growth potential of peach is vigorous, strong into principal stresses, it is adapted to shape Into the fruit tree shape of double-deck horizontal arm shape.
A kind of fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, the 4th embodiment, its step is:
It is colonized using duplicate rows the tree-like fruit tree of the present invention is implemented, spacing in the rows is set to 3.85 meters and 4.27 meters of line space, The First Year after fruit tree is colonized, at fruit tree plant 83.5cm high prune determining dry-cure, to 3-5 bud under clip and enters Row carves bud treatment;
The Second Year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch is sprouted, strengthens rich water quality management, promotes shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters Long shoot;Three months the 3rd year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues vertical growth, by water The branch that flat tie is tied up, with cloth bondage to ground floor horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud, growth-promoting water to lateral bud Flat branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, and the branch for forming ground floor horizontal arm shape is that ground floor major branch is done, and vertical branch heading height is 1.6 meters More than, selected and remain under clip 3-5 bud and carve bud treatment;
The 4th year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch that vertical branch is done surely is sprouted, strengthen rich water quality management, promote shoot growth into It is more than 1.5 meters long shoots;Three months the 5th year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues straight Vertical growth, by the branch of horizontal bondage, with cloth bondage to second layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch are carried out to lateral bud Bud is carved, growth-promoting horizontal branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, the branch for forming second layer horizontal arm shape is that second layer major branch is done, continue upright raw A branch long forms center limb.
In the present embodiment, a kind of fruit tree shaping device based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, including column and horizontal wire strand, Column high setting is 1.8-2.2 meters, and the height of ground floor horizontal wire is set to 0.82-0.92 meters and second layer horizontal wire Height be set to 1.62-1.68 meters, the angle between the center line of horizontal wire and the center line of column is set to 90 °.
In the present embodiment, fruit tree species are set to apple tree.Because the growth potential of apple tree is vigorous, strong into principal stresses, fit Conjunction forms the fruit tree shape of double-layer horizontal arm shape.
By the fruit tree shape that fruit tree shape shaping methods are formed, one embodiment, a kind of fruit based on double-layer horizontal arm shape The tree-like center for being distributed in tree body center for being set to include is done, with the ground floor major branch of two and with two Second layer major branch, ground floor major branch is set to 0.82 meter with the height on ground and second layer major branch is set to the height on ground 1.62 meters.
The present embodiment shaping methods plant pear tree Crown canopy parametre, Fruit yield and quality index and the use planted with conventional method Work amount is shown in Table, and the pear tree coronule of table 1- tables 4 is dredged the tree-like parameter of layer shape, the happy shape of individual layer, double-layer horizontal arm shape, yield and quality and referred to Mark compares with the amount of labour used.
Double-layer horizontal arm shape trunk highest, trunk diameter rugosity is maximum, shoot length and increases into branch number, with fruit spur result Based on.Coronule dredges layer shape and does high minimum, and Shoot number is more, and shoot length is maximum, based on fruit spur result.Happy shape trunk Height is placed in the middle, and trunk diameter rugosity is minimum, and, growth is more balanced, based on fruit spur result, supplemented by medium fruit branch result into branch number at most.
The output distribotion of the thin layer shape of coronule is concentrated mainly on the vertical canopy of 1.0 ~ 2.0 m, the canopy yield of 2.0 more than m Seldom.Output distribotion of the double-layer horizontal arm shape on vertical canopy all concentrates on height of tree crown 0.8 ~ 1.0m's and 1.6 ~ 1.8m Position.
The single fruit weight difference of different tree form different canopy layers fruit reaches the level of signifiance, with double-layer horizontal arm shape>The happy shape of individual layer> Coronule dredges layer shape.There was no significant difference for three kinds of tree-like hardnesses of fruit, fruit shape indexs, and fruit soluble solids content is double Layer horizontal arm shape>The happy shape of individual layer>Coronule dredges layer shape.The fruit quality uniformity of double-layer horizontal arm shape is best.
As can be seen from Table 4, the happy shape theatre items production management measure of short hat relatively control saving of labor, wherein fruit thinning recruitment 54% for control is measured, the pollination amount of labour used is the 50% of control, and the laxative amount of labour used is only the 48% of control, it is control to prune the amount of labour used 41.5%, the bagging amount of labour used be control 35%, harvesting the amount of labour used be only the 33.33% of control.
The tree-like parameter of the different tree form water-rich areas of table 1
Distribution of the tree-like pear tree single plant yield of 2 three kinds of table on vertical canopy
Influence of the different tree form of table 3 to pear fruit quality
The double-layer horizontal arm shape of table 4 dredges the average every mu of ground amount of labour used of layer shape Demonstration Garden with coronule
(Unit:It is individual)
By the fruit tree shape that fruit tree shape shaping methods are formed, second embodiment, a kind of fruit based on double-layer horizontal arm shape The tree-like center for being distributed in tree body center for being set to include is done, with the ground floor major branch of two and with two Second layer major branch, ground floor major branch is set to 0.92 meter with the height on ground and second layer major branch is set to the height on ground 1.68 meters.
By the fruit tree shape that fruit tree shape shaping methods are formed, the 3rd embodiment, a kind of fruit based on double-layer horizontal arm shape The tree-like center for being distributed in tree body center for being set to include is done, with the ground floor major branch of two and with two Second layer major branch, ground floor major branch is set to 0.90 meter with the height on ground and second layer major branch is set to the height on ground 1.65 meters.
By the fruit tree shape that fruit tree shape shaping methods are formed, the 4th embodiment, a kind of fruit based on double-layer horizontal arm shape The tree-like center for being distributed in tree body center for being set to include is done, with the ground floor major branch of two and with two Second layer major branch, ground floor major branch is set to 0.83 meter with the height on ground and second layer major branch is set to the height on ground 1.65 meters.
Second embodiment, the vertical branch heading height by the second layer is more than 1.6 meters, 3-5 bud of being selected and remain under clip And bud treatment is carved, after the branch that vertical branch is done surely is sprouted, strengthens rich water quality management, promote shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters Long shoot;Bottom determines two branches as horizontal bondage three months next years after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues vertical growth, and level is tied up The branch tied up, with cloth bondage to third layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud, growth-promoting horizontal branch to lateral bud Fruit-bearing shoot cluster is formed, the branch for forming third layer horizontal arm shape is that third layer major branch is done, the dry height with ground of third layer major branch It is set to 2.28-2.42 meters;When ground floor major branch dry ageing, ground floor major branch can be taken out and done, retained second layer major branch and do It is dry with third layer major branch.
The present invention has lower feature:
1st, done due to devising the major branch of layering, increased ventilation and penetrating light performance, be also convenient for the mechanization pipe in fruit tree later stage Reason, no longer other are tree-like, therefore improve the yield of fruit tree and the quality of fruit.
2nd, done due to devising the major branch of layering, arm one and arm two are respectively 0.8 meter and 1.6 meters apart from ground level, just In the operation such as fruit bagging, harvesting.
3rd, done due to devising the major branch of layering, tree body fruit-bearing shoot cluster directly raw on arm one and arm two, ventilation and penetrating light, Pest and disease damage is reduced, fruit quality is good.Reduce simultaneously and pluck shedding phenomenon, upgrading synergy caused by preceding strong wind.
5th, done due to devising the major branch of layering, fruit result is horizontally arranged, is easy to mechanized operation.
6th, done due to devising the major branch of layering, it is convenient it is dry to aging major branch reject, keep fruit tree yield and The stabilization of the quality of fruit.
7th, due to devising technical characteristic of the invention, the effect of set in the independent of technical characteristic and each other, Shown by experiment, property indices of the invention are at least 1.7 times of existing property indices, are had by assessing There is good market value.
Above-described embodiment is the fruit tree shape based on double-layer horizontal arm shape provided by the present invention and tree-like shaping methods A kind of way of realization, according to other deformations of scheme provided by the present invention, increases or reduces composition therein or step, or The present invention for other technical fields close with the present invention, is belonged to protection scope of the present invention by person.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, it is characterized in that:Its step is:
Vertical branch heading height by the second layer is more than 1.6 meters, and 3-5 bud of being selected and remain under clip carries out carving bud treatment, uprightly After the fixed dry branch of branch is sprouted, strengthen rich water quality management, the long shoot for promoting shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters;After fruit tree is colonized Three months next years, bottom determined two branches as horizontal bondage, and a branch continues vertical growth, by the branch of horizontal bondage, uses cloth bondage Onto third layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud to lateral bud, and growth-promoting horizontal branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, is formed The branch of third layer horizontal arm shape is that third layer major branch is done, and the dry height with ground of third layer major branch is set to 2.28-2.42 meters; When ground floor major branch dry ageing, take out ground floor major branch and do, reservation second layer major branch is dry and third layer major branch is done.
2. a kind of fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape, it is characterized in that:Its step is:
It is colonized using duplicate rows the tree-like fruit tree of the present invention is implemented, spacing in the rows is set to 3.8-4.2 meters and line space 3.7-4.3 Rice, the First Year after fruit tree is colonized, at fruit tree plant 80-85cm high prune determining dry-cure, and 3-5 bud under clip is entered Row carves bud treatment;
The Second Year after fruit tree is colonized, after branch is sprouted, strengthens rich water quality management, the length for promoting shoot growth to turn into more than 1.5 meters Branch;Three months the 3rd year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues vertical growth, level is tied up The branch tied up, with cloth bondage to ground floor horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch carry out quarter bud, growth-promoting horizontal branch to lateral bud Formed fruit-bearing shoot cluster, formed ground floor horizontal arm shape branch be ground floor major branch do, vertical branch heading height be 1.6 meters with On, selected and remain under clip 3-5 bud and carve bud treatment;
The 4th year after fruit tree is colonized, after the branch that vertical branch is done surely is sprouted, strengthen rich water quality management, promote shoot growth to turn into More than 1.5 meters of long shoot;Three months the 5th year bottoms determine two branches as horizontal bondage after fruit tree is colonized, and a branch continues upright Growth, by the branch of horizontal bondage, with cloth bondage to second layer horizontal wire, erase back bud and branch are carved to lateral bud Bud, growth-promoting horizontal branch forms fruit-bearing shoot cluster, and the branch for forming second layer horizontal arm shape is that second layer major branch is done, and continues vertical growth A branch formed center limb.
3. fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape according to claim 2, it is characterized in that:Spacing in the rows is set to 3.85 meters and 4.27 meters of line space, at fruit tree plant 83.5cm high prune determining dry-cure.
4. fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape according to claim 2, it is characterized in that:Fruit tree species set Pear tree, peach or apple tree are set to, and the kind of pear tree is set to bar pears or beautiful dew perfume.
5. the fruit tree shaping dress that a kind of fruit tree shape shaping methods based on double-layer horizontal arm shape according to claim 2 are used Put, it is characterized in that:Including column and horizontal wire strand, column high setting is 1.8-2.2 meters, and the height of ground floor horizontal wire sets The height for being set to 0.82-0.92 meters and second layer horizontal wire is set to 1.62-1.68 meters, the center line of horizontal wire with it is vertical Angle between the center line of post is set to 90 °.
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