CN106613712A - High suspension horizontal training method of grapes - Google Patents

High suspension horizontal training method of grapes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106613712A
CN106613712A CN201610875362.4A CN201610875362A CN106613712A CN 106613712 A CN106613712 A CN 106613712A CN 201610875362 A CN201610875362 A CN 201610875362A CN 106613712 A CN106613712 A CN 106613712A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main stem
vines
meters
main
support member
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201610875362.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷世俊
赵兰英
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Weifang Vocational College
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Weifang Vocational College
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Weifang Vocational College filed Critical Weifang Vocational College
Priority to CN201610875362.4A priority Critical patent/CN106613712A/en
Publication of CN106613712A publication Critical patent/CN106613712A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/02Cultivation of hops or vines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a high suspension horizontal training method of grapes. The method comprises the following steps that 1, planting is carried out, planting is carried out in eastern rows and western rows, the row pitch is 3 meters, and the plant pitch is 80 cm; 2, two main vines are cultivated, two of new tips are selected to be cultivated, and pinching is carried out when the new tips grow to 2.5 meters; 3, the 2.3 m positions of the main vines are cut in winter; 4, in next spring, the 1.5 m positions of the main vines are bent to be horizontal, and the horizontal portions of the main vines are suspended on supporting parts of a shed frame; 5, during pruning in next winter, the bearing branches at the first ends are pruned to reserve 70 cm as extending vines of the main vines, and then the extending vines of the main vines are horizontally suspended on the supporting parts of the shed frame; 6, bearing branches growing out of the main vines and the extending vines of the main vines are vertically bound on the supporting parts. According to the high suspension horizontal training mode of the grapes, the defects that a fence frame is low in frame face, ventilation and light transmitting are poor, and plant diseases and insect pests are serious are overcome; the defect that fruit bearing is carried out on a shed frame plane, so that the yield is low is overcome; according to the method, stereoscopic fruit bearing is achieved, ventilation and light transmitting are achieved, optical energy is fully utilized, the yield is high, and the quality is good.

Description

Grape height hangs horizontal training method
Technical field
The present invention relates to crops culture technology field, more particularly to a kind of plant pruning method of grape.
Background technology
In the prior art, the main frame sector of the training type of grape, imperial form, the fan-shaped and horizontal shape of hedge frame.According to Existing training type, frame ventilation and penetrating light is good, and Ground Operation is convenient, but result is planarized, and is yielded poorly.Hedge frame is using three-dimensional knot Really, yield is higher, but near from the ground, and ventilation and penetrating light is poor, and pest and disease damage is serious, and Ground Operation is inconvenient.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of Ground Operation conveniently and the high grape height of yield hangs level Pruning method.
To solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme is that:Grape height hangs horizontal training method, including following steps Suddenly:
Step one, plant, the field planting of thing row, 3 meters of line-spacing, 80 centimetres of spacing in the rows;
Step 2, cultivates two main stems, and from two cultures that growth selection in the young sprout for sending is healthy and strong, long to 2.5 meters are entered Row pinching;
Step 3, winter prunes to main stem, the cutting back at 2.3 meters of main stem;
Step 4, it is in Second Year spring, main stem is curved to level in 1.5 meters of eminences, the horizontal component of main stem is hung in into frame Support member on;
Step 5, during Second Year winter pruning, the bearing basal shoot of tip is cut and stays 70 centimetres to extend climing as main stem, then will Main stem extends climing level and is hung on the support member of frame;
Step 6, fruitful branch is vertically tied up on support member.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme, in the step 2, sublateral shoot is sent in main stem, stay a piece of leaf pinching.
Used as a kind of preferred technical scheme, in the step 4, support member is from main stem 30-40 centimetre, the knot for sending Fruit branch is vertically tied up on support member.
Used as a kind of preferred technical scheme, during winter pruning, bearing basal shoot is using single renewal short cane pruning.
As a result of above-mentioned technical proposal, grape height hangs horizontal training method, comprises the steps:Step one, plant, Thing row is colonized, 3 meters of line-spacing, 80 centimetres of spacing in the rows;Step 2, cultivates two main stems, healthy and strong from growth selection in the young sprout for sending Two cultures, long to 2.5 meters carry out pinching;Step 3, winter prunes to main stem, the cutting back at 2.3 meters of main stem;Step Rapid four, it is in Second Year spring, main stem is curved to level in 1.5 meters of eminences, the horizontal component of main stem is hung on the support member of frame; Step 5, during Second Year winter pruning, the bearing basal shoot of tip is cut and stays 70 centimetres to extend climing as main stem, then extends main stem Climing level is hung on the support member of frame;Step 6, fruitful branch is vertically tied up on support member.Grape height hangs horizontal training side Formula, overcomes that hedge frame frame face is low, ventilation and penetrating light is poor, the shortcoming that pest and disease damage is serious;Frame plane result is overcome, what is yielded poorly lacks Point;Solid result of the invention, ventilation and penetrating light makes full use of luminous energy, and yield is high, quality better.
Description of the drawings
The following drawings is only intended in schematic illustration and explanation is done to the present invention, is not delimit the scope of the invention.Wherein:
Fig. 1 is the distribution map of the embodiment of the present invention;
In figure:1- main stems;2- fruitful branches;3- support members.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, the present invention is expanded on further.In the following detailed description, only by explanation Mode describes some one exemplary embodiments of the present invention.Undoubtedly, one of ordinary skill in the art will recognize, In the case of without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can be being repaiied to described embodiment with a variety of modes Just.Therefore, accompanying drawing and description are inherently illustrative, rather than for limiting scope of the claims.
As shown in figure 1, grape height hangs horizontal training method, comprise the steps:
Step one, plant, the field planting of thing row, 3 meters of line-spacing, 80 centimetres of spacing in the rows;
Step 2, cultivates two main stems 1, and from two cultures that growth selection in the young sprout for sending is healthy and strong, long to 2.5 meters are entered Row pinching, sublateral shoot stays a piece of leaf pinching;
Step 3, winter prunes to main stem 1, the cutting back at 2.3 meters of main stem 1;
Step 4, it is in Second Year spring, main stem 1 is curved to level in 1.5 meters of eminences, the horizontal component of main stem 1 is hung in into canopy On the support member 3 of frame, support member 3 is 30-40 centimetre with a distance from main stem 1, and the fruitful branch 2 for sending vertically is tied up on support member 3; Support member 3 can adopt iron wire.
Step 5, during Second Year winter pruning, the fruitful branch 2 (for the bearing basal shoot of next year) of tip is cut and stays 70 centimetres of works Based on spread length it is climing, then main stem is extended into climing level and is hung on the support member 3 of frame;It is into rear that main stem 1 and main stem extend calyculate The fruitful branch 2 of hair tonic, using single renewal short cane pruning;
Step 6, extends main stem 1 and main stem the climing fruitful branch 2 for sending and vertically ties up on support member 3.
As shown in figure 1, grape height hangs horizontal training mode, comprise the steps:(1) it is tree-like.Without the main stem 1 of trunk two, two The upright high 1.5 meters places of main stem 1, respectively to 1.5 meters of north and south both direction horizontal stretching, the horizontal extending part of two main stem 1 raw knot Fruit branch group or fruitful branch 2, fruitful branch 2 vertically draws ties up result.(2) transplant.Thing row is colonized, 3 meters of line-spacing, 80 centimetres of spacing in the rows.(3) Cultivate two main stems 1.From two cultures that growth selection in the young sprout for sending is healthy and strong, long to 2.5 meters carry out pinching, and sublateral shoot stays 1 Piece leaf pinching.Winter pruning cutting back at 2.3 meters.Second Year spring, main stem 1 is curved to level in 1.5 meters of eminences, is hung in frame On support member 3, support member 3 is 30 to 40 centimetres with a distance from main stem 1, and the fruitful branch 2 for sending vertically is tied up on support member 3.The During winter pruning in 2 years, the fruitful branch 2 of tip is cut and stays 70 centimetres to extend climing as main stem, and spring level is hung in frame within the 3rd year On support member 3.(4) fruitful branch 2 is pruned.Second Year is hung in the fruitful branch 2 that main stem 1 sends on the support member 3 of frame and vertically ties up On support member 3, winter pruning is using single renewal short cane pruning.3rd year main stem extends the climing fruitful branch 2 for sending and processes phase Together.
Grape height hangs horizontal training mode, overcomes that hedge frame frame face is low, ventilation and penetrating light is poor, the shortcoming that pest and disease damage is serious;Gram Canopy plane result, the shortcoming for yielding poorly are taken.The vineyard of horizontal training method acquisition is hung using grape height of the present invention, Three-dimensional result, ventilation and penetrating light makes full use of luminous energy, and yield is high, quality better;Can walk small agricultural machinery below grape trellis, Manage beneficial to mechanization and produce.
General principle, principal character and the advantages of the present invention of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel it should be appreciated that the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, the simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, these changes Change and improvement is both fallen within scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appending claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. grape height hangs horizontal training method, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
Step one, plant, the field planting of thing row, 3 meters of line-spacing, 80 centimetres of spacing in the rows;
Step 2, cultivates two main stems, and from two cultures that growth selection in the young sprout for sending is healthy and strong, long to 2.5 meters are plucked The heart;
Step 3, winter prunes to main stem, the cutting back at 2.3 meters of main stem;
Step 4, it is in Second Year spring, main stem is curved to level in 1.5 meters of eminences, the horizontal component of main stem is hung in into propping up for frame In support member;
Step 5, during Second Year winter pruning, the bearing basal shoot of tip is cut and stays 70 centimetres to extend climing as main stem, then by main stem Extend climing level to be hung on the support member of frame;
Step 6, fruitful branch is vertically tied up on support member.
2. grape height as claimed in claim 1 hangs horizontal training method, it is characterised in that in the step 2, sends out in main stem Go out sublateral shoot, stay a piece of leaf pinching.
3. grape height as claimed in claim 1 hangs horizontal training method, it is characterised in that in the step 4, support member From main stem 30-40 centimetre, the fruitful branch for sending vertically is tied up on support member.
4. the grape height as described in claims 1 to 3 any claim hangs horizontal training method, it is characterised in that winter repaiies When cutting, bearing basal shoot is using single renewal short cane pruning.
CN201610875362.4A 2016-10-08 2016-10-08 High suspension horizontal training method of grapes Pending CN106613712A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107637407A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-01-30 孙考义 Fruit tree fence type implantation methods
CN107810775A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-03-20 孙考义 Just climing wine-growing technology
CN108605643A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-02 李军 A kind of training technique of vinifera plantation
CN109302931A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-02-05 成都本真农业有限责任公司 The suspension type long shoot fruit-bearing shoot cluster and cultural method of one planting fruit-trees single update
CN109429879A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-08 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A kind of Japanese plum pruning cultural method
CN111418433A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-07-17 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 Special tree form for protected cultivation of grape difficult to flower and cultivation method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103238497A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-14 镇江万山红遍农业园 Tail-spreading type shaping planting method for grapes
CN103907498A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-09 新疆农垦科学院 Horizontal contiguous trellis viticulture method suitable for alpine region
CN104160915A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-11-26 镇江万山红遍农业园 High-density labor-saving shaping cultivation method for grape vine

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103238497A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-14 镇江万山红遍农业园 Tail-spreading type shaping planting method for grapes
CN103907498A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-09 新疆农垦科学院 Horizontal contiguous trellis viticulture method suitable for alpine region
CN104160915A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-11-26 镇江万山红遍农业园 High-density labor-saving shaping cultivation method for grape vine

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
自晓秀: "无主干多主蔓葡萄树型修剪技法", 《北京农业》 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107637407A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-01-30 孙考义 Fruit tree fence type implantation methods
CN107810775A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-03-20 孙考义 Just climing wine-growing technology
CN108605643A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-02 李军 A kind of training technique of vinifera plantation
CN109302931A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-02-05 成都本真农业有限责任公司 The suspension type long shoot fruit-bearing shoot cluster and cultural method of one planting fruit-trees single update
CN109429879A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-08 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A kind of Japanese plum pruning cultural method
CN111418433A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-07-17 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 Special tree form for protected cultivation of grape difficult to flower and cultivation method

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Application publication date: 20170510