CN104221800B - Facility Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the breeding method of Lee's special tree-like " buttress shaft shape " - Google Patents

Facility Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the breeding method of Lee's special tree-like " buttress shaft shape " Download PDF

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CN104221800B
CN104221800B CN201410430008.1A CN201410430008A CN104221800B CN 104221800 B CN104221800 B CN 104221800B CN 201410430008 A CN201410430008 A CN 201410430008A CN 104221800 B CN104221800 B CN 104221800B
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young sprout
trunk
bud
tree
branch
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CN104221800A (en
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高东升
肖伟
李玲
陈修德
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of facility Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the breeding method of Lee's special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", relate to Fruit Protected Cultivation technical field, on trunk directly raw fruitful branch;To fruitful branch weight cutting back to base portion after fruit picking, promote base portion sprouting of lateral bud, cultivate the fruitful branch of next year with the tip of sprouting of lateral bud;Heavily cutting trunk after fruit picking, taking the lead with weak bud promotes that bottom bud is sprouted.The present invention make use of space in facility to greatest extent;And tree-like keep need technology less demanding, difficulty is little;Labor amount is little.

Description

Facility Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the breeding method of Lee's special tree-like " buttress shaft shape "
Technical field
The present invention relates to Fruit Protected Cultivation technical field, be specially a kind of facility Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the breeding method of Lee's special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ".
Background technology
At present facility Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, Lee to produce tree-like most employing of employing outdoor tree-like: the three happy shapes of scaffold limb, Y-shaped, trunk shape.These three is tree-like mainly to be had at tree body mechanism: trunk, center dry (trunk shape without), skeleton branch, fruit-bearing shoot cluster.Trunk, center do give birth to skeleton branch be whole tree-like in core skeleton structure;Skeleton branch is the structure giving birth to fruit-bearing shoot cluster;Fruit-bearing shoot cluster is carpogenic structure.
Trunk, center do tree body carry out producing whole during the most permanent.Skeleton branch typically retains for many years.Fruit-bearing shoot cluster typically retains 1 year.Current production model is to bounce back to fruitful branch base portion after annual fruit-bearing shoot cluster result, fruitful branch basal bud sprout after young sprout as the structure branch of next year.Such pattern necessarily makes skeleton branch constantly stretch out, and fruit-bearing shoot cluster inserted part is constantly outer to be moved.Repeating such operation for many years and necessarily make that the position of result is constantly outer to be moved, tree body inner most branch group is withered no longer possesses bearing capacity, whole tree body constantly increases.
Although current technology proposes to want timely replacement, but its operability is the lowest.Reason is that Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, Li Xianya are the most withered the most withered, so utilizing kryptoblast when updating more, and life-span that the inserted part of kryptoblast does not has regularity and kryptoblast is the shortest, the technology updated is caused to require higher, even if the most manufacturing-oriented expert also is difficult to hold.
Due to the tree the biggest typically no service aisle of body, cause pruning, go and buy Chinese medicine, the work such as fertilising time operation easier greatly so that the amount of labour used is big.Ventilation and penetrating light condition additionally, due to the tree the biggest facility of body is very poor, improves commodity value to improve fruit color, so fruit is mentioned the space that can accept sunlight by the method that orchard worker uses rope to hang branch at present, rope dismemberment is fallen after picking fruit again.Such one hangs a solution, and the amount of labour used is greatly increased.
Comprehensive case above we it appeared that the these three that is currently mainly used tree-like they all there is shortcoming: utilize space in facility the most to greatest extent;The tree-like technology keeping needing requires that height, difficulty are big;Labor amount is big.
Summary of the invention
The present invention solves existing tree-like shortcomings, further investigation Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, Li Zhiya, the relevant habit yielding positive results, sprout, have developed facility Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the breeding method of Lee's special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ".This tree-like feature is: the trunk strong peach tree of difference (dryness hold up dry with pole), does not has skeleton branch, on trunk directly raw fruitful branch;To fruitful branch weight cutting back to base portion after fruit picking, promoting that base portion accessory bud is sprouted, the tip sprouted with accessory bud cultivates the fruitful branch of next year;Heavily cutting trunk after fruit picking, taking the lead with weak bud promotes that bottom bud is sprouted.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of facility Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the breeding method of Lee's special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 30-50cm after planting stock, the characteristic employing poor for peach tree dryness is held up dry with pole, and Fructus Pruni, Li Buyong, after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 15-30cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 15-40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 15-30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15-40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 2500-4000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.0-1.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 15-40cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 15-30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15-40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 4500-6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before May 20, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 15-40cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 5500-8500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 1.6-2.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
Tree-like cultivation complete after about whole tree-like holding height of tree 2.4m, side shoot 25-40, between side shoot, Vertical Square identity distance is less than 60cm from 5-8cm, side shoot length.
Buttress shaft shape and happy shape, lopsided contrast
Contrast experiment uses in current domestic facility Fructus Persicae main breed oil 4, matched group happy shape cultivation mode (CK1): seeding row spacing 1*2m, 333 plants/acre, highly 1.2m;Predominate cultivation mode (CK2): seeding row spacing 0.75*2,444 plants/acre, highly 2m, process group buttress shaft shape cultivation mode (T): 0.8*1.2cm, 694 plants/acre, highly 2.2m.After tree-like cultivation completes, the fruitful branch of CK1 is maintained at 5000-9000, and the fruitful branch amount of CK2 is maintained at 7000-9000, and the fruitful branch of T is maintained at 9000-15000, and T improves 80% than CK1 branch amount, improves 28.5% than CK2 branch amount.Yield T of First Year reaches 3000kg, improves 100% than CK1, improves 20% than CK2;Yield T of Second Year reaches 5500kg, improves 175% than CK1, improves 120% than CK2;Yield T of the 3rd reaches 6500kg, improves 225% than CK1, improves 160% than CK2.Buttress shaft shape cultivation mode is compared and be can be good at improving per unit area yield with other two kinds of cultivation modes.Obtain improving up to the 80% of stained area due to ventilation and penetrating light condition under T cultivation mode, have obvious height compared to CK1, CK2.Under T cultivation mode the CO2 concentration in environment increase but increase rate little.T cultivation mode is little in aspect differences such as percentage of fertile fruit, early flowering season, period of maturation, mean fruit weight, average boldness, net photosynthesis, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, intercellular gas concentration lwevels compared to CK1, CK2.
The main theoretical basis of the present invention is: it is compound bud (a middle main bud, both sides are two accessory buds) mostly that Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, Lee can carry out the kind of facility forcing culture.If generally suitable two accessory buds of condition carry out bud differentiation and form bud, main bud always typically is leaf bud.Branch is substantially to be sprouted by main bud and is formed, owing to the growth of branch causes the accessory bud on main bud both sides to become aobvious bud or kryptoblast and the physiological status of holding leaf bud.Use operation above: after result, fruitful branch is carried out weight cutting back branch base portion and promotes that accessory bud sprouts the fruitful branch forming next year, so repeatable operation, in making fruit-bearing shoot cluster always to be born in dry on, thus avoid the outer shifting of setting fruit position, control the increase of tree body, improve ventilation and penetrating light condition.Owing to tree body is strictly controlled so that dense planting (plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains) is possibly realized.
Owing to the dryness of peach tree is poor, bamboo pole is used to hold up dry operation.The trunk making peach tree can more preferable vertical growth, so as to carry out dense planting.Due to Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the heterogeneity of bud of Lee, their Secondary Branch typically will when primary tiller grows to more than 40-50cm then bud can sprout into Secondary Branch, but by operation: trunk inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, can promote differentiate on trunk 25-40 side shoot, the amount of enough fruitful branches ensure that acquisition high yield;By operation: side shoot 30cm pinching inspires the side tip, can sprout more side shoot, for forming more buds, ensureing that yield is prepared.Owing to the bud meeting rudiment power on usual plant top that acts on, the one-tenth principal stresses of apical dominance are stronger, by operation: trunk to be carried out weight cutting back, take the lead with weak bud and adopt and before June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing so that the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top after young sprout is sprouted, it is possible to promote bottom sprouting of lateral bud, weaken apical dominance.Owing to we use accessory bud to sprout branch as fruitful branch, and a branch has two accessory buds, if two accessory buds are all sprouted, the amount of branch can be exponentially increased, so by operation: adopt after young sprout is sprouted to young sprout once being dredged choosing before June 5 direct being born on trunk for standard so that young sprout is tried one's best), preferably control side shoot quantity and quality.Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, Flos Li Bud polarization start from the beginning of-7 months by the end of June, and the premise of bud differentiation is the stopping nourished and grown, only before July 25 stop nourish and grow start bud differentiation branch could preferably form bud.And Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the main application region of Lee's facility cultivation are often rain heat same period in summer, 7, August is due to high temperature, high humidity, the weather conditions such as rainy so that shoot vegetative growth is vigorous can not preferably carry out bud differentiation, reduces bud quantity, quality.By operation: time before July first arrival July 15, young sprout top sprays paclobutrazol, it is possible to promote stopping, the beginning of bud differentiation that shoot vegetative grows, to improve the quantity of bud, quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
It it is tree diagram during field planting shown in Fig. 1;
It it is field planting First Year tree diagram in winter shown in Fig. 2;
It it is field planting Second Year result phase tree diagram shown in Fig. 3;
Shown in Fig. 4 be field planting Second Year summer pruning in May complete after tree diagram;
It it is field planting Second Year tree diagram in winter shown in Fig. 5;
It it is field planting the 3rd annual bearing state tree diagram shown in Fig. 6;
Shown in Fig. 7 be field planting in May, the 3rd summer pruning complete after tree diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Describe the present invention with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Embodiment 1
The breeding method of a kind of facility Fructus Persicae special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
Field planting: plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains.Garden of building uses nursery stock should reach following standard: more than rugosity 1cm, highly more than 1m, fibrous root quantity more than 10.Well developed root system disease-free (particularly root knot), branch disease-free (particularly bleeding disease).
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 30cm after planting stock, the characteristic employing poor for peach tree dryness is held up dry with pole, and after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 15cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 15cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 15cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 2500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.0m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 15cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 15cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 4500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 15cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 5500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 1.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk is carried out weight cutting back (general about the 2m that retains is as trunk) after later annual fruit picking, take the lead with weak bud and promote that bottom bud is sprouted.Young sprout sprout after to branch top once being dredged choosing before June 5 so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard (ensureing that each tree has 25 to 40 fruitful branches), the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top.The young sprout that upper one year, branch was sprouted is grown to pinching coronary dilating during more than 30cm.The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, slows down growth potential.Spraying paclobutrazol (concentration be one thousandth to 3/1000ths) control being long of July first arrival July 15 promotees flower.Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning.
Embodiment 2
The breeding method of a kind of facility Fructus Persicae special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
Field planting: plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains.Garden of building uses nursery stock should reach following standard: more than rugosity 1cm, highly more than 1m, fibrous root quantity more than 10.Well developed root system disease-free (particularly root knot), branch disease-free (particularly bleeding disease).
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 50cm after planting stock, the characteristic employing poor for peach tree dryness is held up dry with pole, and after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 30cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;To July 15, young sprout top is sprayed paclobutrazol control length at the beginning of 7 months and promote flower, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 4000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 40cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 40cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 8500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 2.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk is carried out weight cutting back (general about the 2m that retains is as trunk) after later annual fruit picking, take the lead with weak bud and promote that bottom bud is sprouted.Young sprout sprout after to branch top once being dredged choosing before June 5 so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard (ensureing that each tree has 25 to 40 fruitful branches), the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top.The young sprout that upper one year, branch was sprouted is grown to pinching coronary dilating during more than 30cm.The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, slows down growth potential.Spraying paclobutrazol (concentration be one thousandth to 3/1000ths) control being long of July first arrival July 15 promotees flower.Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning.
Embodiment 3
The breeding method of a kind of facility Fructus Persicae special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
Field planting: plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains.Garden of building uses nursery stock should reach following standard: more than rugosity 1cm, highly more than 1m, fibrous root quantity more than 10.Well developed root system disease-free (particularly root knot), branch disease-free (particularly bleeding disease).
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 40cm after planting stock, the characteristic employing poor for peach tree dryness is held up dry with pole, and after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 30cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 30cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 3200kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.4m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 30cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 30cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 5000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 30cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 7000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 2.0m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk is carried out weight cutting back (general about the 2m that retains is as trunk) after later annual fruit picking, take the lead with weak bud and promote that bottom bud is sprouted.Young sprout sprout after to branch top once being dredged choosing before June 5 so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard (ensureing that each tree has 25 to 40 fruitful branches), the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top.The young sprout that upper one year, branch was sprouted is grown to pinching coronary dilating during more than 30cm.The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, slows down growth potential.Spraying paclobutrazol (concentration be one thousandth to 3/1000ths) control being long of July first arrival July 15 promotees flower.Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning.
Embodiment 4
The breeding method of a kind of facility Fructus Pruni special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
Field planting: plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains.Garden of building uses nursery stock should reach following standard: more than rugosity 1cm, highly more than 1m, fibrous root quantity more than 10.Well developed root system disease-free (particularly root knot), branch disease-free (particularly bleeding disease).
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 30cm after planting stock, after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 15cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 15cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 15cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 2500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.0m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 15cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 15cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 4500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 15cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 5500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 1.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk is carried out weight cutting back (general about the 2m that retains is as trunk) after later annual fruit picking, take the lead with weak bud and promote that bottom bud is sprouted.Young sprout sprout after to branch top once being dredged choosing before June 5 so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard (ensureing that each tree has 25 to 40 fruitful branches), the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top.The young sprout that upper one year, branch was sprouted is grown to pinching coronary dilating during more than 30cm.The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, slows down growth potential.Spraying paclobutrazol (concentration be one thousandth to 3/1000ths) control being long of July first arrival July 15 promotees flower.Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning.
Embodiment 5
The breeding method of a kind of facility Fructus Pruni special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
Field planting: plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains.Garden of building uses nursery stock should reach following standard: more than rugosity 1cm, highly more than 1m, fibrous root quantity more than 10.Well developed root system disease-free (particularly root knot), branch disease-free (particularly bleeding disease).
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 50cm after planting stock, after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 30cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;To July 15, young sprout top is sprayed paclobutrazol control length at the beginning of 7 months and promote flower, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 4000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 40cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 40cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 8500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 2.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk is carried out weight cutting back (general about the 2m that retains is as trunk) after later annual fruit picking, take the lead with weak bud and promote that bottom bud is sprouted.Young sprout sprout after to branch top once being dredged choosing before June 5 so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard (ensureing that each tree has 25 to 40 fruitful branches), the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top.The young sprout that upper one year, branch was sprouted is grown to pinching coronary dilating during more than 30cm.The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, slows down growth potential.Spraying paclobutrazol (concentration be one thousandth to 3/1000ths) control being long of July first arrival July 15 promotees flower.Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning.
Embodiment 6
The breeding method of a kind of facility Fructus Pruni special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
Field planting: plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains.Garden of building uses nursery stock should reach following standard: more than rugosity 1cm, highly more than 1m, fibrous root quantity more than 10.Well developed root system disease-free (particularly root knot), branch disease-free (particularly bleeding disease).
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 40cm after planting stock, after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 30cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 30cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 3200kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.4m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 30cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 30cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 5000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 30cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 7000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 2.0m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk is carried out weight cutting back (general about the 2m that retains is as trunk) after later annual fruit picking, take the lead with weak bud and promote that bottom bud is sprouted.Young sprout sprout after to branch top once being dredged choosing before June 5 so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard (ensureing that each tree has 25 to 40 fruitful branches), the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top.The young sprout that upper one year, branch was sprouted is grown to pinching coronary dilating during more than 30cm.The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, slows down growth potential.Spraying paclobutrazol (concentration be one thousandth to 3/1000ths) control being long of July first arrival July 15 promotees flower.Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning.
Embodiment 7
The breeding method of a kind of facility Lee special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
Field planting: plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains.Garden of building uses nursery stock should reach following standard: more than rugosity 1cm, highly more than 1m, fibrous root quantity more than 10.Well developed root system disease-free (particularly root knot), branch disease-free (particularly bleeding disease).
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 30cm after planting stock, after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 15cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 15cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 15cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 2500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.0m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 15cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 15cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 4500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 15cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 5500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 1.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk is carried out weight cutting back (general about the 2m that retains is as trunk) after later annual fruit picking, take the lead with weak bud and promote that bottom bud is sprouted.Young sprout sprout after to branch top once being dredged choosing before June 5 so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard (ensureing that each tree has 25 to 40 fruitful branches), the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top.The young sprout that upper one year, branch was sprouted is grown to pinching coronary dilating during more than 30cm.The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, slows down growth potential.Spraying paclobutrazol (concentration be one thousandth to 3/1000ths) control being long of July first arrival July 15 promotees flower.Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning.
Embodiment 8
The breeding method of a kind of facility Lee special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
Field planting: plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains.Garden of building uses nursery stock should reach following standard: more than rugosity 1cm, highly more than 1m, fibrous root quantity more than 10.Well developed root system disease-free (particularly root knot), branch disease-free (particularly bleeding disease).
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 50cm after planting stock, after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 30cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;To July 15, young sprout top is sprayed paclobutrazol control length at the beginning of 7 months and promote flower, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 4000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 40cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 40cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 8500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 2.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk is carried out weight cutting back (general about the 2m that retains is as trunk) after later annual fruit picking, take the lead with weak bud and promote that bottom bud is sprouted.Young sprout sprout after to branch top once being dredged choosing before June 5 so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard (ensureing that each tree has 25 to 40 fruitful branches), the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top.The young sprout that upper one year, branch was sprouted is grown to pinching coronary dilating during more than 30cm.The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, slows down growth potential.Spraying paclobutrazol (concentration be one thousandth to 3/1000ths) control being long of July first arrival July 15 promotees flower.Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning.
Embodiment 9
The breeding method of a kind of facility Lee special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", includes following steps:
Field planting: plantation density: 0.6-0.8m*1.2-1.5m, mu plants 550 strains to 925 strains.Garden of building uses nursery stock should reach following standard: more than rugosity 1cm, highly more than 1m, fibrous root quantity more than 10.Well developed root system disease-free (particularly root knot), branch disease-free (particularly bleeding disease).
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 40cm after planting stock, after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 30cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 30cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 3200kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, general about the 1.4m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to more than 30cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 30cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 5000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 30cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 7000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 2.0m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk is carried out weight cutting back (general about the 2m that retains is as trunk) after later annual fruit picking, take the lead with weak bud and promote that bottom bud is sprouted.Young sprout sprout after to branch top once being dredged choosing before June 5 so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard (ensureing that each tree has 25 to 40 fruitful branches), the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top.The young sprout that upper one year, branch was sprouted is grown to pinching coronary dilating during more than 30cm.The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 20cm pinching, slows down growth potential.Spraying paclobutrazol (concentration be one thousandth to 3/1000ths) control being long of July first arrival July 15 promotees flower.Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning.
Certainly, described above is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to the example above, change that those skilled in the art are made in the essential scope of the present invention, retrofits, adds or replaces, and also should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a facility Fructus Persicae, Fructus Pruni, the breeding method of Lee's special tree-like " buttress shaft shape ", it is characterised in that: include following steps:
(1) First Year shaping: surely do away from ground 30-50cm after planting stock, the characteristic employing poor for peach tree dryness is held up dry with pole, and Fructus Pruni, Li Buyong, after field planting, First Year trunk inspires the side tip every 15-30cm pinching;When the side tip grows to 15-40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used be one thousandth to 3/1000ths, the young sprout cultivating trunk does not spray paclobutrazol, and the young sprout cultivating trunk inspires the side tip every 15-30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15-40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 2500-4000kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
(2) to base portion, Second Year shaping: to May 20, tree is carried out summer pruning after Second Year fruit picking, promotes that base portion accessory bud is sprouted to side shoot weight cutting back, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 1.0-1.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;Young sprout to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after sprouting so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, and the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the young sprout sprouting accessory bud grows to 15-40cm, pinching coronary dilating;The young sprout that terminal bud germination is formed inspires the side tip every 15-30cm pinching, when the side tip grows to 15-40cm, carry out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths, overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 4500-6500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;
Shaping in (3) the 3rd years: fruit picking before on May 20th, 3, carries out summer pruning to tree after fruit picking, to base portion, side shoot weight cutting back being promoted, base portion accessory bud is sprouted, sprouts young sprout with accessory bud and cultivate the fruitful branch of next year;Adopting and to June 5, young sprout is once dredged choosing after young sprout is sprouted so that young sprout is tried one's best and direct is born on trunk for standard, the most weak young sprout is stayed right overhead in trunk top;When the side tip grows to 15-40cm, carrying out pinching coronary dilating, July, first arrival sprayed paclobutrazol control length rush flower July 15 to young sprout top, and paclobutrazol concentration used is that one thousandth is to 3/1000ths;Overstocked branch is removed, it is ensured that to long branch cutting back on the premise of 5500-8500kg/ per mu yield during winter pruning;According to tree vigo(u)r, trunk being carried out weight cutting back after fruit picking, the general 1.6-2.6m that retains, as trunk, takes the lead with weak bud and promotes that bottom bud is sprouted;The most tree-like cultivation stage terminates, and enters the tree-like holding stage.
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