CN102948323B - Method for raising seedlings of clematis by cutting - Google Patents

Method for raising seedlings of clematis by cutting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102948323B
CN102948323B CN201210470542.6A CN201210470542A CN102948323B CN 102948323 B CN102948323 B CN 102948323B CN 201210470542 A CN201210470542 A CN 201210470542A CN 102948323 B CN102948323 B CN 102948323B
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China
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cuttage
clematis
cuttings
seedling culture
medium
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CN201210470542.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102948323A (en
Inventor
江胜德
蔡向阳
郭兰
王德哲
王邝佳
陈溪
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杭州虹越花卉有限公司
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention provides a method for raising seedlings of clematis by cutting. Each selected cutting slip has is provided with two nodes; a distance from the upper node to an upper notch is 0.5 cm; the distance from the lower node to a lower notch is 2-3 cm; and 1-2 leaves are reserved at the upper node. A cutting medium comprises loose bract, peat and perlite; a cutting depth is 2-3 cm. A cutting hole tray is placed on a prepared iron stand, and an arch shed is set up on the iron stand. After most of cuttings root, the water containing amount of the medium is kept at 60-70%, and films are uncovered gradually for ventilating. When the roots in the hole tray can wind most of the medium, the cuttings are transplanted to a feeding block for seedling management. By the method disclosed by the invention, the rooting percentage of the cutting slips is high; the rooting amount is large; the roots are full and thick, and are distributed evenly; the survival rate of clematis cutting seedlings is greatly increased; the whole seedling raising time is shortened; a large amount of clematis seedlings can be bred in a short time; the breeding efficiency of clematis is greatly improved; and good basis is provided for implementing industrialization of clematis.

Description

A kind of method of clematis cuttage and seedling culture
Technical field
The invention belongs to plant technology cultivation field, be specifically related to the cuttage and seedling culture method of a kind of clematis.
Background technology
Clematis ( clematis floridathunb.) be Ranunculaceae, Clematis, perennial fallen leaves or evergreen woody climber, it is wound around by petiole, and minority is the upright draft of perennial root.Its flower type, pattern are rich and varied, and flower beauty is in great numbers, and florescence from early spring to late fall, (kind that also has minority to bloom winter), had very high ornamental value.Can plant before wall limit, window, or it is other to depend on Qiao, shrub, plants between artificial hillock, rock, seeks connections with on style, arched door, hedge, fence, its graceful attitude can be rated as vine flowers and plants, thereby enjoy the laudatory title of " liana queen ".
But the clematis on domestic market is actually rare, one of them very large reason is exactly that seedling breeding is backward in technique, cannot carry out large-scale production, therefore cannot complete market supply.Clematis the most effectively and widely propagation method is cottage propagation.In report, the method that adopts single-bud cuttage more and breed as matrix with river sand, but these common methods cannot solve, clematis cottage propagation coefficient is low, the problem of seedling raise period length, causes clematis large-scale production to be hindered.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of method of clematis cuttage and seedling culture, the problem that can solve that clematis cottage propagation coefficient is low, breeding cycle is long, cannot realize industrialization.
For this reason, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
It in the month, carries out cuttage and seedling culture at 4-6 in shed; Cuttage and seedling culture adopts loose squama, peat, perlite as cuttage medium, loose squama: peat: perlitic volume ratio is 4:1-4:2-5; In every cuttings, leave two nodes, upper node retains 1-2 sheet leaf;
Before cuttage, with soil disinfection liquid, irrigate medium and carry out disinfection, after sterilization, cross and re-use for one day;
That cuttings is got is then raw, semi-lignified, stalwartness, without the branch of damage by disease and insect; Branch being carried out disinfection in front 3-5 days and before cuttage, cuttings carried out to the processing of root-growing agent solution impregnation of beta pruning bar;
During cuttage, blade need be gone up in the same direction, and whole cuttage process guarantees that cuttings is moistening;
After cuttage, cave dish is moved in shed, and on shed, be covered with plastic foil, enter the management after cuttage;
Water supply in media and ambient humidity management after cuttage: after cuttage, keeping water content of substrate is that in saturation moisture content 90% left and right, shed, relative air humidity is at 78-88%, and the temperature in shed is controlled at 20-35 ℃; After most fringe bar root of hairs, keep the 60-70% that media water-bearing amount is saturation moisture content, and progressively open film ventilation;
After cuttage, when cuttings root system can coil most of medium in the dish of cave, transplant to nutritive cube, carry out seedling management.
Adopting on the basis of technique scheme, the present invention is the following further technical scheme of happy employing also:
Pest management method after cuttage is: after cuttage, within every 5-7 days, will spray 50% carbendazim or 800 times of 75% thiophanate methyl or 600 times of liquid of 50% thiram wettable powder of 600 times of liquid, and clear up in time diseased plant and rotten strain.
Adopting on the basis of technique scheme, the present invention also can adopt following further technical scheme:
In described method, the potassium permanganate of employing 0.5% irrigates matrix and carries out disinfection; It adopts 0.1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 800 times of liquid of 75% thiophanate methyl to spray branch and carries out disinfection before front 3-5 days of beta pruning bar.
In described method, loose squama: peat: perlitic volume ratio is 4:3:3.
In described method, described root-growing agent solution impregnation is treated to cuttings socket is impregnated into 3s in the IBA solution that concentration is 1000PPM.
In described method, in every cuttings, leave two nodes, upper nodal distance upper cut 0.5cm, lower node is apart from lower cut 2-3m; During cuttage, the cuttage degree of depth is 2-3cm, makes the lower node of cuttings touch medium, but does not imbed in medium.
The present invention adopts cave dish cuttage, at shed bottom pad one deck brandreth, then cave dish is put above, makes cave tray bottom ventilation and ventilative.
Of the present invention growing seedlings the stage, seedling culture medium is selected peat, loose squama, float stone, peat: loose squama: the volume ratio of float stone is 3:5:2.In the stage of growing seedlings, the base fertilizer adding in medium can adopt Ai Beishi long-acting controlled release fertilizer and Ai Beishi trace element fertilizer.
The cut-out method, cuttage that the present invention has comprehensively improved cuttings transplanted medium formula, perfect cuttage final-period management method, can meet the industrialization demand that clematis cultivation is produced.The present invention replaces simple bud cuttings in the past with two bud cutting fringes, having broken through traditional clematis grows seedlings and all with river sand, makes the method for cuttage medium, introduce loose squama and, peat, it is mixed by different volumes ratio with perlite, by production test, prove, by cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention, the rooting rate of two bud cutting fringes will be much higher than simple bud cuttings, taking root of branch is more prone to, cuttage of the present invention is measured for 60 days afterwards, the clematis that adopts the method to carry out cuttage, its planting percent, root is long, root amount, the Root Distribution clematis that all ultra-traditional seedling-cultivating method far away carries out cuttage, greatly improved the survival rate of clematis cuttage seeding, and shortened whole seedling raise period, can breed in a short time the clematis seedling of a large amount of high-qualitys,
Greatly improved the reproductive efficiency of clematis, for clematis large-scale production is laid a good foundation.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
(1), the cave dish of choosing 50 caves is as container, by loose squama, Fa Fa get board peat, perlite volume ratio, is 4:1:5 mixing, the medium that pH is adjusted to 6.5-6.8 fills up.Potassium permanganate with 0.5% irrigates medium and carries out disinfection, after put and neatly turn day stand-by.
(2), in the April of clematis vigorous growth, choose then raw, semi-lignified, stalwartness, without the branch of damage by disease and insect, make cuttings.Be cut into two bud cutting fringes, in every cuttings, left two nodes, upper nodal distance upper cut 0.5cm, lower node is apart from lower cut 3cm, and upper node retains 1-2 sheet leaf.It was sprayed to 0.1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 800 times of liquid of 75% thiophanate methyl in front 3-5 days of beta pruning bar.
(3), adopt " adopt and insert " principle, the cuttings socket 2cm place handling well is impregnated in the IBA root-growing agent solution of 1000PPM after 3s, insert during preprepared cave coils.Requiring the cuttage degree of depth is 3cm, and blade need in the same direction, and is advisable with phase non-overlapping copies.Whole process is noted moisturizing, must guarantee that cuttings is moistening.
(4), neat being placed on brandreth checked and regulated in the good cave of cuttage, the height of brandreth is 20cm.After on shed, cover plastic foil, enter the management phase after cuttage.
(5), after cuttage, the temperature in shed is controlled at 20-35 ℃, in shed, relative air humidity remains on 85% left and right, water content of substrate need remain saturation moisture content 90%, after most fringe bar root of hairs, water content of substrate remains the 60-70% of saturation moisture content, and progressively opens film ventilation.
(6), in the cuttage phase, brown spot and anthracnose can occur, need to periodically prevent and treat, control medicament mainly contains 600 times of liquid of 50% thiram wettable powder, 800 times of liquid of 70% mancozeb, 800 times of liquid of 75% tpn etc.If occur serious diseased plant and rotten strain, clear up timely, prevent spreading of disease.
Insect pest mainly contains the harm of moth class larva, prevents and treats 2000 times of liquid of available 5% r etc.Spray medicine requires between the lights, after cuttage rooting, can within interval 7-10 days, spray medicine 1 time.
(7) when) in the dish of cave, root system can coil most of medium, can transplant to peat is housed: loose squama: in the nutritive cube of the medium that float stone volume ratio is 3:5:2, adding conventional fertilizer is base fertilizer, especially take Ai Beishi long-acting controlled release fertilizer and Ai Beishi trace element fertilizer as good, carry out conventional seedling management.
Embodiment 2-4
In embodiment 2-4, except the formula of matrix changes, all the other steps are identical with embodiment 1, and concrete matrix formulations and growing seedlings the results are shown in Table 1 and table 2.
Embodiment 5, control group
Take river sand as control group, adopt the cuttage and seedling culture method of conventional clematis to test.(asking simple describing method)
(1) take 60cm*40cm kind ball frame is container, and selecting particle diameter is that the river sand of 0.5-0.8mm is made medium, for preventing that river sand from spilling, first with nonwoven, in kind of the bottom of ball frame and surrounding, lays before pouring river sand into.
(2) in the April of clematis vigorous growth, choose then raw, healthy and strong, light brown, without the branch of damage by disease and insect, make cuttings.Be cut into simple bud cuttings, in every cuttings, left a node, nodal distance upper cut 0.5cm, apart from lower cut 3cm, Nodes retains 1-2 sheet leaf.It was sprayed to 0.1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 800 times of liquid of 75% thiophanate methyl in front 3-5 days of beta pruning bar.
(3) adopt " adopt and insert " principle, the cuttings socket 2cm place handling well is impregnated in the IBA root-growing agent solution of 1000PPM after 3s, insert during preprepared cave coils.Requiring the cuttage degree of depth is 4cm, and blade need in the same direction, and is advisable with phase non-overlapping copies.Whole process is noted moisturizing, must guarantee that cuttings is moistening.
(4) after cuttage, kind of a ball frame is put neatly, all the other final-period management methods are with example 1.
Analyze and contrast:
1, the matrix formulations of embodiment 1-4 is in Table 1:
2、????????????????????????????????????????????????
3,, in each embodiment, each formula has all carried out the cuttage and seedling culture test of 120 cuttings.After 50 days, its planting percent, root length, root amount, the Root Distribution uniformity are measured.The experimental result of different embodiment clematis cuttings growing states is asked for an interview table 2:
The matrix formulations of embodiment 3 (loose squama: peat: perlite volume ratio is 4:3:3) rooting efficiency is best as can be seen from Table 2, and the long 6.8cm of average root, on average takes root 9.3, and planting percent can reach 93.4%, is much higher than control group.
According to observing in test, embodiment 1-4, the root system that especially cuttings of embodiment 3 grows is sturdy, full, compares the weak and easily broken phenomenon of control group root matter, and this formula is greatly improved the quality of root.In addition, the distribution of cuttings root system is more even compared with control group, is more conducive to surviving of seedling, for the success of growing seedlings is laid a good foundation.
3, in embodiment 1-5, embodiment 3 cultivates after 55 days and cultivates into finished product seedling, compare embodiment 5, and control group 87.6 talentes can cultivate into finished product seedling, and seedling raise period is shortened greatly, has greatly improved the reproductive efficiency of clematis.

Claims (8)

1. a method for clematis cuttage and seedling culture, is characterized in that it carries out cuttage and seedling culture in shed in the month at 4-6; Cuttage and seedling culture adopts loose squama, peat, perlite as cuttage medium, loose squama: peat: perlitic volume ratio is 4:1-4:2-5; In every cuttings, leave two nodes, upper node retains 1-2 sheet leaf;
Before cuttage, with soil disinfection liquid, irrigate medium and carry out disinfection, after sterilization, cross and re-use for one day;
During cuttage, blade needs in the same direction, and whole cuttage process guarantees that cuttings is moistening; That cuttings is got is then raw, semi-lignified, stalwartness, without the branch of damage by disease and insect, branch being carried out disinfection in front 3-5 days and before cuttage, cuttings carried out to the processing of root-growing agent solution impregnation of beta pruning bar;
After cuttage, on shed, cover plastic foil, enter the management after cuttage;
Water supply in media and ambient humidity management after cuttage: after cuttage, keeping water content of substrate is that in saturation moisture content 90% left and right, shed, relative air humidity is at 78-88%, and the temperature in shed is controlled at 20-35 ℃; After most fringe bars are taken root, keep the 60-70% that media water-bearing amount is saturation moisture content, and progressively open film ventilation;
After cuttage, when cuttings root system can coil most of medium in the dish of cave, transplant to nutritive cube, carry out seedling management.
2. the method for a kind of clematis cuttage and seedling culture as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the potassium permanganate of its employing 0.5% irrigates matrix and carries out disinfection; It adopts 0.1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 800 times of liquid of 75% thiophanate methyl to spray branch and carries out disinfection before front 3-5 days of beta pruning bar.
3. the method for a kind of clematis cuttage and seedling culture as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: loose squama: peat: perlitic volume ratio is 4:3:3.
4. the method for a kind of clematis cuttage and seedling culture as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described root-growing agent solution impregnation is treated to cuttings socket is impregnated into 3s in the IBA solution that concentration is 1000PPM.
5. the method for a kind of clematis cuttage and seedling culture as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: in every cuttings, leave two nodes, and upper nodal distance upper cut 0.5cm, lower node is apart from lower cut 2-3cm; During cuttage, the cuttage degree of depth is 2-3cm, and the lower node of cuttings need touch medium, but does not imbed in medium.
6. the method for a kind of clematis cuttage and seedling culture as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the pest management method after cuttage is: after cuttage, within every 5-7 days, will spray 50% carbendazim or 800 times of 75% thiophanate methyl or 600 times of liquid of 50% thiram wettable powder of 600 times of liquid, and clear up in time diseased plant and rotten strain.
7. as the method for a kind of clematis cuttage and seedling culture as described in arbitrary in claim 1,2,3,4,5,6, it is characterized in that: its adopts cave dish cuttage, at shed bottom pad one deck brandreth, then cave dish is put above, cave tray bottom is ventilated and ventilative.
8. as the method for a kind of clematis cuttage and seedling culture as described in arbitrary in claim 1,2,3,4,5,6, it is characterized in that: seedling culture medium is selected peat, loose squama, float stone, peat: loose squama: the volume ratio of float stone is 3:5:2.
CN201210470542.6A 2012-11-20 2012-11-20 Method for raising seedlings of clematis by cutting CN102948323B (en)

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CN104823678B (en) * 2015-05-27 2017-08-01 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 A kind of ford dutchmanspipe root or herb cuttage breeding method
CN105028151B (en) * 2015-06-19 2018-01-23 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 A kind of method of mapler leaf clematis introduction and acclimatization breeding
CN106134836A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-23 广西南宁十分园生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of Radix Clematidis cuttage vegetative propagation method
CN106376327A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 河北省林业科学研究院 Artificial cultivation method for Clematis brevicaudata
CN106613241A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-10 江苏农林职业技术学院 Method for increasing survival rate of cut clematis florida strain contessa and promoting growth of seedlings
CN106613240A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-10 江苏农林职业技术学院 Method of improving cutting survival rate of clematis variety Henry
CN107646602A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-02 江苏农林职业技术学院 Clematis Henry cultural method
CN108719031B (en) * 2018-06-05 2020-12-22 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Clematis water culture cutting rooting method
CN109089575A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-12-28 江苏农林职业技术学院 The cottage method of clematis Poland spirit
CN109328679A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-02-15 江苏农林职业技术学院 The cottage method of clematis clematis armandi Francs
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