CN104756738A - Cutting seedling method for twigs of elm of solar greenhouse - Google Patents

Cutting seedling method for twigs of elm of solar greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104756738A
CN104756738A CN201510194215.6A CN201510194215A CN104756738A CN 104756738 A CN104756738 A CN 104756738A CN 201510194215 A CN201510194215 A CN 201510194215A CN 104756738 A CN104756738 A CN 104756738A
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cuttings
cuttage
cutting
spray
water
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李卫华
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Jining Lucky Chance Flowers And Trees Zhong Ye Co Ltd
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Jining Lucky Chance Flowers And Trees Zhong Ye Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a cutting seedling method for twigs of an elm of a solar greenhouse. The cutting seedling method comprises the following specific steps that 1 a cutting site is selected; 2 a cutting medium is selected; 3 shoots for cutting are selected; 4 trimming is carried out on the shoots for cutting; 5 medical liquid treatment is carried out on the shoots for cutting; 6 cutting is conducted; 7 management is carried out on the cutting after the cutting is conducted; 8 transplanting is conducted. The cutting seedling method has the advantages that temperature and illumination intensity for cutting seedling are convenient to control, and humidity for the cutting seedling is easy to control; the cutting medium is formed by mixing turfy soil, perlite and vermiculite, after the cutting medium is mixed, spraying and disinfecting are carried out by 600 times liquid of a 25% cuaminosulfate aqueous solution, then the cutting medium is mixed evenly or properly by an agitator and laid on a slotting bed, when the transplanting is conducted, damage to roots can be greatly reduced; moisture preservation and the medical liquid treatment are conducted before and after the cutting is carried out on the shoots for cutting, and survival rates of cutting and transplanting are greatly improved.

Description

A kind of day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tree cuttage seedling-cultivating method, particularly a kind of day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method.
Background technology
At present, elm breeding mainly adopts several major ways such as seeding and seedling raising, cuttage and seedling culture and graft seedling growth, and above-mentioned several mode all exists all weak points, specific as follows:
Adopt Mode of sowing and seedling propagation, in order to improve seed quality, seed is selected from the raw healthy and strong elite stand of 15-30, collects seed in time, makes it naturally dry in the shade, remove seed wing gently, avoids damaging seed.Open shallow ridges sowing, shallow earthing, soil moisture control, in order to nursery stock lignification.Reproduction rate is high, but seed is not easily stored, and seed seedling-raising segregation phenomenon is serious.
Adopt cuttage and seedling culture mode, after fall foliage, gather the root turion bar on elite stand or 1 year raw seedling dry conduct kind bar, husky Tibetan vernalization, then carry out cuttage, cuttage survival rate can reach more than 90%, transplants afterwards again, transplanting success can reach more than 95%, but this cottage method is larger by seasonal effect.
Adopt graft seedling growth mode, elm scion is 1 year raw fringe bar, and stock is raw elm pile then, and employing bud grafting, cleft grafting and bag such as to connect at the grafting method, during grafting, stock overground part is cut, in soil, claws stock, expose red skin to take root and carry out grafting, time-consuming, not easily breed in enormous quantities.Tissue cultivating technology reproduction rate is high, but cost is too expensive, and tissue culture propagating is taken root and also only had 30%, also cannot satisfy the demand, and differentiation is cultivated and needed the expensive meter Su that stand tall and upright, and cost is high, can not widely apply aborning.
Summary of the invention
The problem to be solved in the present invention is: provide a kind of day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method, the method is by the environmental factor such as control temperature, humidity, illumination and control the envirment factors such as water content of substrate, can the survival rate of spray elm cuttage and seedling culture greatly.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention, comprises following concrete steps:
The first step, chooses cuttage place
Choose greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel as cuttage place, above greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel, take sunshade net, and intermittent spraying device is set in greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel.
Second step, chooses cutting medium
Cutting medium is mixed by turfy soil, perlite and vermiculite, with the 600 times of liquid spray sterilizations thoroughly of 25% network ammonia copper aqua after cutting medium mixing, mixes thoroughly afterwards, is laid on slotting machine, the thick 10cm to 15cm of cutting medium with agitator.
3rd step, the selection of cuttings
From selected elm strengthen age elite stand or the special cutting orchard plant cultivated gather cuttings, cuttings answers 1 year of growth selection stalwartness raw semi-lignified branch, at the cloudy day or adopt bar in the morning, at dusk, or soak with adopting bar pull out with putting into water container, then moisturizing is in the cool put, be strictly on guard against wilting, then take back indoor pruning.
4th step, the pruning of cuttings
Taking back indoor branch will through the moisturizing of conventional sprayer water spray, and cutting the cutting length cut is 15 ~ 20cm, and lower clip drops on semi-lignified position, and retain middle and upper part blade, reserve part accounts for 2/3 to 1/2 of branch, and the blade of cuttings bottom cuts off.
5th step, the liquid process of cuttings
The cuttings of having pruned is put into carbendazim 600 times of liquid to soak 5 minutes, then pull control solid carbon dioxide out to divide, bubble cuttings base portion is invaded 0.5 hour with the solution that ABT1 root-inducing powder content is 200-400 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 0.5 hour with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 400 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 200 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 10 second with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 1000 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 400 mg/litre.
6th step, cuttage
Cuttings inserted in matrix, the cuttage degree of depth is about 2-3cm, and with forefinger and middle finger by matrix compacting, cuttings and matrix are combined closely, and the spacing in the rows of cuttings is 1-1.5cm, and line-spacing is 3cm, in cuttage process, with cuttage with water spray, will not wilt to keep cuttings.
7th step, the management after cuttage
From cuttage to taking root period, answering strict guarantee cuttings not wilt, the initial stage after cuttage, repeatedly will spray to cuttings, 10-16 periods, once, 15 ~ 20 seconds time of each spraying, cuttings bottom and matrix are touched, and there is water membrane on blade face in spray in about 5 ~ 8 minutes; The interval of twice water spray, when also having 1/3 part to have a globule with most of blade, namely starts next time, after producing callus, every spray in 10 ~ 15 minutes once, keeps blade face to have water membrane; After taking root, every spray in 20 ~ 30 minutes once; After taking root in a large number, spray timings can greatly reduce, but will note spraying at noon, and matrix can not lack of water, and increases illumination gradually.
The number of times of spraying and the time interval do not do as degree with seedbed surface matrix, and the amount of spraying is wet and not boiling water with blade face.Overdrying not yet can be formed because of root system, does not inhale water and withered, crosses wetly various bacterium and fungal disease can be caused to spread, and makes cutting rotten.
After cuttage, need spray weekly a bactericide, the 800 times of liquid of the carbendazol wettable powder with 50% spray, or use thiophanate methyl 1000 times of liquid to spray, in not spraying into seedbed when spraying at dusk.
After cuttage rooting, spray weekly a N P and K mixed fertile, or leaf is fertile, spraying concentration is 0.3-0.5%.
After cuttage, the rotten leaf that needs will be sorted out on bed surface in time and fallen leaves.
After cuttage, the temperature in greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel controls below 32 DEG C.
Day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention, also comprise the step of transplanting, this step comprises:
After Miao Sui is taken root, adopt the method hardening controlling water, ventilation, increase illumination gradually, after seedling fringe root system has 2 roots, namely adventive root just can have been transplanted when white becomes brown, transplanting limit, limit is wanted to water during transplanting, finally water permeable, transplanting process will suitably be shaded, or choosing cloudy day, at dusk transplanting.
Day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention, when pruning cuttings, clip should drop on the below of the minor matters in cuttings.
The beneficial effect that the present invention obtains is: (1) chooses greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel as cuttage place, sunshade net is taken above greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel, thus convenient temperature and the intensity of illumination controlling cuttage and seedling culture, in greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel, intermittent spraying device is set, is thus easy to the humidity controlling cuttage and seedling culture; (2) cutting medium is mixed by turfy soil, perlite and vermiculite, with the 600 times of liquid spray sterilizations thoroughly of 25% network ammonia copper aqua after cutting medium mixing, mix thoroughly with agitator afterwards, be laid on slotting machine, when thus transplanting, greatly can reduce the injury to root; (3) by carrying out moisturizing and liquid process before cuttage and after cuttage to cuttings, compared with existing cuttage mode, cuttage survival rate and transplanting survival rate is substantially increased.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Step 1, chooses greenhouse by solar heat as cuttage place, above greenhouse by solar heat, takes sunshade net, and in greenhouse by solar heat, arrange intermittent spraying device.
Step 2, make and lay cutting medium, cutting medium is mixed by turfy soil, perlite and vermiculite, and with the 600 times of liquid spray sterilizations thoroughly of 25% network ammonia copper aqua after cutting medium mixing, mix thoroughly with agitator afterwards, be laid on slotting machine, cutting medium thickness is 10cm.
Step 3, from selected elm strengthen age elite stand or the special cutting orchard plant cultivated gather cuttings, cuttings answers 1 year of growth selection stalwartness raw semi-lignified branch, at the cloudy day or adopt bar in the morning, at dusk, or soak with adopting bar pull out with putting into water container, then put moisturizing in the cool, be strictly on guard against wilting, then take back indoor pruning.
Step 4, taking back indoor branch will through the moisturizing of conventional sprayer water spray, cutting the cutting length cut is 15cm, lower clip drops on semi-lignified position, retain middle and upper part blade, reserve part accounts for 2/3 of branch, and the blade of cuttings bottom cuts off, when pruning cuttings, clip should drop on the below of the minor matters in cuttings.
Step 5, the cuttings of having pruned is put into carbendazim 600 times of liquid to soak 5 minutes, then pull control solid carbon dioxide out to divide, bubble cuttings base portion is invaded 0.5 hour with the solution that ABT1 root-inducing powder content is 200 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 0.5 hour with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 400 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 200 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 10 second with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 1000 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 400 mg/litre.
Step 6, inserts cuttings in matrix, and the cuttage degree of depth is about 2cm, and with forefinger and middle finger by matrix compacting, cuttings and matrix are combined closely, and the spacing in the rows of cuttings is 1cm, and line-spacing is 3cm, in cuttage process, with cuttage with water spray, will not wilt to keep cuttings;
Step 7, from cuttage to taking root period, answers strict guarantee cuttings not wilt, the initial stage after cuttage, repeatedly will spray to cuttings, 10-16 periods, spray in about 5 ~ 8 minutes once, 15 ~ 20 seconds time of each spraying, cuttings bottom and matrix are touched, and there is water membrane on blade face; The interval of twice water spray, when also having 1/3 part to have a globule with most of blade, namely starts next time, after producing callus, every spray in 10 ~ 15 minutes once, keeps blade face to have water membrane; After taking root, every spray in 20 ~ 30 minutes once; After taking root in a large number, spray timings can greatly reduce, but will note spraying at noon, and matrix can not lack of water, and increases illumination gradually.
The number of times of spraying and the time interval do not do as degree with seedbed surface matrix, and the amount of spraying is wet and not boiling water with blade face.Overdrying not yet can be formed because of root system, does not inhale water and withered, crosses wetly various bacterium and fungal disease can be caused to spread, and makes cutting rotten.
After cuttage, need spray weekly a bactericide, the 800 times of liquid of the carbendazol wettable powder with 50% spray, or use thiophanate methyl 1000 times of liquid to spray, in not spraying into seedbed when spraying at dusk.
After cuttage rooting, spray weekly a N P and K mixed fertile, spraying concentration is 0.3%.
After cuttage, the rotten leaf that needs will be sorted out on bed surface in time and fallen leaves.
After cuttage, the temperature in greenhouse by solar heat controls below 32 DEG C.
According to above-mentioned steps, cuttage 1000 strain cuttings, survives 995 strains, dead 5 strains, and cuttage survival rate is 99.5%.
After Miao Sui is taken root, adopt the method hardening controlling water, ventilation, increase illumination gradually, after seedling fringe root system has 2 roots, namely adventive root just can have been transplanted when white becomes brown, transplanting limit, limit is wanted to water during transplanting, finally water permeable, transplanting process will suitably be shaded, and transplants during the cloudy day, in transplanting process, transplant survival 993 strain, dead 2 strains, transplanting survival rate is 99.8%.
Embodiment 2
Step 1, chooses plastic tunnel as cuttage place, above plastic tunnel, takes sunshade net, and arrange intermittent spraying device in person's plastic tunnel.
Step 2, make and lay cutting medium, cutting medium is mixed by turfy soil, perlite and vermiculite, and with the 600 times of liquid spray sterilizations thoroughly of 25% network ammonia copper aqua after cutting medium mixing, mix thoroughly with agitator afterwards, be laid on slotting machine, cutting medium is thick is 12cm.
Step 3, from selected elm strengthen age elite stand or the special cutting orchard plant cultivated gather cuttings, cuttings answers 1 year of growth selection stalwartness raw semi-lignified branch, at the cloudy day or adopt bar in the morning, at dusk, or soak with adopting bar pull out with putting into water container, then put moisturizing in the cool, be strictly on guard against wilting, then take back indoor pruning.
Step 4, taking back indoor branch will through the moisturizing of conventional sprayer water spray, cutting the cutting length cut is 18cm, lower clip drops on semi-lignified position, retain middle and upper part blade, reserve part accounts for 1/2 of branch, and the blade of cuttings bottom cuts off, when pruning cuttings, clip should drop on the below of the minor matters in cuttings.
Step 5, the cuttings of having pruned is put into carbendazim 600 times of liquid to soak 5 minutes, then pull control solid carbon dioxide out to divide, bubble cuttings base portion is invaded 0.5 hour with the solution that ABT1 root-inducing powder content is 300 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 0.5 hour with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 400 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 200 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 10 second with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 1000 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 400 mg/litre.
Step 6, inserts cuttings in matrix, and the cuttage degree of depth is about 2.5cm, and with forefinger and middle finger by matrix compacting, cuttings and matrix are combined closely, and the spacing in the rows of cuttings is 1.5cm, and line-spacing is 3cm, in cuttage process, with cuttage with water spray, will not wilt to keep cuttings.
Step 7, from cuttage to taking root period, answers strict guarantee cuttings not wilt, the initial stage after cuttage, repeatedly will spray to cuttings, 10-16 periods, spray in about 5 ~ 8 minutes once, 15 ~ 20 seconds time of each spraying, cuttings bottom and matrix are touched, and there is water membrane on blade face; The interval of twice water spray, when also having 1/3 part to have a globule with most of blade, namely starts next time, after producing callus, every spray in 10 ~ 15 minutes once, keeps blade face to have water membrane; After taking root, every spray in 20 ~ 30 minutes once; After taking root in a large number, spray timings can greatly reduce, but will note spraying at noon, and matrix can not lack of water, and increases illumination gradually.
The number of times of spraying and the time interval do not do as degree with seedbed surface matrix, and the amount of spraying is wet and not boiling water with blade face.Overdrying not yet can be formed because of root system, does not inhale water and withered, crosses wetly various bacterium and fungal disease can be caused to spread, and makes cutting rotten.
After cuttage, need spray weekly a bactericide, the 800 times of liquid of the carbendazol wettable powder with 50% spray, or use thiophanate methyl 1000 times of liquid to spray, in not spraying into seedbed when spraying at dusk.
After cuttage rooting, spray weekly a N P and K mixed fertile, spraying concentration is 0.4%.
After cuttage, the rotten leaf that needs will be sorted out on bed surface in time and fallen leaves.
After cuttage, the temperature in plastic tunnel controls below 32 DEG C.
According to above-mentioned steps, cuttage 1000 strain cuttings, survives 994 strains, dead 6 strains, and cuttage survival rate is 99.4%.
After Miao Sui is taken root, adopt the method hardening controlling water, ventilation, increase illumination gradually, after seedling fringe root system has 2 roots, namely adventive root just can have been transplanted when white becomes brown, transplanting limit, limit is wanted to water during transplanting, finally water permeable, transplanting process will suitably be shaded, and transplants during the cloudy day, in transplanting process, transplant survival 991 strain, dead 3 strains, transplanting survival rate is 99.7%.
Embodiment 3
Step 1, chooses greenhouse by solar heat as cuttage place, above greenhouse by solar heat, takes sunshade net, and in greenhouse by solar heat, arrange intermittent spraying device.
Step 2, make and lay cutting medium, cutting medium is mixed by turfy soil, perlite and vermiculite, and with the 600 times of liquid spray sterilizations thoroughly of 25% network ammonia copper aqua after cutting medium mixing, mix thoroughly with agitator afterwards, be laid on slotting machine, cutting medium thickness is 15cm.
Step 3, from selected elm strengthen age elite stand or the special cutting orchard plant cultivated gather cuttings, cuttings answers 1 year of growth selection stalwartness raw semi-lignified branch, at the cloudy day or adopt bar in the morning, at dusk, or soak with adopting bar pull out with putting into water container, then put moisturizing in the cool, be strictly on guard against wilting, then take back indoor pruning.
Step 4, taking back indoor branch will through the moisturizing of conventional sprayer water spray, cutting the cutting length cut is 20cm, lower clip drops on semi-lignified position, retain middle and upper part blade, reserve part accounts for 2/3 of branch, and the blade of cuttings bottom cuts off, when pruning cuttings, clip should drop on the below of the minor matters in cuttings.
Step 5, the cuttings of having pruned is put into carbendazim 600 times of liquid to soak 5 minutes, then pull control solid carbon dioxide out to divide, bubble cuttings base portion is invaded 0.5 hour with the solution that ABT1 root-inducing powder content is 400 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 0.5 hour with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 400 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 200 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 10 second with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 1000 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 400 mg/litre.
Step 6, inserts cuttings in matrix, and the cuttage degree of depth is about 3cm, and with forefinger and middle finger by matrix compacting, cuttings and matrix are combined closely, and the spacing in the rows of cuttings is 1.5cm, and line-spacing is 3cm, in cuttage process, with cuttage with water spray, will not wilt to keep cuttings;
Step 7, from cuttage to taking root period, answers strict guarantee cuttings not wilt, the initial stage after cuttage, repeatedly will spray to cuttings, 10-16 periods, spray in about 5 ~ 8 minutes once, 15 ~ 20 seconds time of each water spray, cuttings bottom and matrix are touched, and there is water membrane on blade face; The interval of twice spraying, when also having 1/3 part to have a globule with most of blade, namely starts next time, after producing callus, every spray in 10 ~ 15 minutes once, keeps blade face to have water membrane; After taking root, every spray in 20 ~ 30 minutes once; After taking root in a large number, spray timings can greatly reduce, but will note spraying at noon, and matrix can not lack of water, and increases illumination gradually.
The number of times of spraying and the time interval do not do as degree with seedbed surface matrix, and the amount of spraying is wet and not boiling water with blade face.Overdrying not yet can be formed because of root system, does not inhale water and withered, crosses wetly various bacterium and fungal disease can be caused to spread, and makes cutting rotten.
After cuttage, need spray weekly a bactericide, the 800 times of liquid of the carbendazol wettable powder with 50% spray, or use thiophanate methyl 1000 times of liquid to spray, in not spraying into seedbed when spraying at dusk.
After cuttage rooting, spray a leaf fertilizer weekly, spraying concentration is 0.5%.
After cuttage, the rotten leaf that needs will be sorted out on bed surface in time and fallen leaves.
After cuttage, the temperature in greenhouse by solar heat controls below 32 DEG C.
According to above-mentioned steps, cuttage 1000 strain cuttings, survives 997 strains, dead 3 strains, and cuttage survival rate is 997%.
After Miao Sui is taken root, adopt the method hardening controlling water, ventilation, increase illumination gradually, after seedling fringe root system has 2 roots, namely adventive root just can have been transplanted when white becomes brown, transplanting limit, limit is wanted to water during transplanting, finally water permeable, transplanting process will suitably be shaded, and transplants during the cloudy day, in transplanting process, transplant survival 993 strain, dead 4 strains, transplanting survival rate is 99.6%.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment adopts existing cottage method to carry out cuttage and transplanting, and cuttage 1000 strain cuttings, survives 903 strains, dead 97 strains, cuttage survival rate is 90.3%, and this 903 strain fringe seedling is in transplanting process, transplant survival 859 strain, transplants dead 44 strains, transplanting survival rate 95.1%.
Known by above-mentioned four embodiments, adopt day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method of the present invention, can greatly improve cuttage survival rate and transplanting survival rate.

Claims (3)

1. a day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method, is characterized in that, comprises following concrete steps:
1) cuttage place is chosen
Choose greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel as cuttage place, above greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel, take sunshade net, and Intermittence mist device is set in greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel;
2) cutting medium is chosen
Cutting medium is mixed by turfy soil, perlite and vermiculite, with the 600 times of liquid spray sterilizations thoroughly of 25% network ammonia copper aqua after cutting medium mixing, mixes thoroughly afterwards, is laid on slotting machine, the thick 10cm to 15cm of cutting medium with agitator;
3) selection of cuttings
From selected elm strengthen age elite stand or the special cutting orchard plant cultivated gather cuttings, cuttings answers 1 year of growth selection stalwartness raw semi-lignified branch, at the cloudy day or adopt bar in the morning, at dusk, or soak with adopting bar pull out with putting into water container, then moisturizing is in the cool put, be strictly on guard against wilting, then take back indoor pruning;
4) pruning of cuttings
Taking back indoor branch will through the moisturizing of conventional sprayer water spray, and cutting the cutting length cut is 15 ~ 20cm, and lower clip drops on semi-lignified position, and retain middle and upper part blade, reserve part accounts for 2/3 to 1/2 of branch, and the blade of cuttings bottom cuts off;
5) the liquid process of cuttings
The cuttings of having pruned is put into carbendazim 600 times of liquid to soak 5 minutes, then pull control solid carbon dioxide out to divide, bubble cuttings base portion is invaded 0.5 hour with the solution that ABT1 root-inducing powder content is 200-400 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 0.5 hour with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 400 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 200 mg/litre, soak cuttings base portion 10 second with the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid content to be 1000 mg/litre and methyl α-naphthyl acetate content be 400 mg/litre;
6) cuttage
Cuttings inserted in matrix, the cuttage degree of depth is about 2-3cm, and with forefinger and middle finger by matrix compacting, cuttings and matrix are combined closely, and the spacing in the rows of cuttings is 1-1.5cm, and line-spacing is 3cm, in cuttage process, with cuttage with water spray, will not wilt to keep cuttings;
7) management after cuttage
From cuttage to taking root period, answering strict guarantee cuttings not wilt, the initial stage after cuttage, repeatedly will spray to cuttings, 10-16 periods, once, 15 ~ 20 seconds time of each water spray, cuttings bottom and matrix are touched, and there is water membrane on blade face in spray in about 5 ~ 8 minutes; The interval of twice spraying, when also having 1/3 part to have a globule with most of blade, namely starts next time, after producing callus, every spray in 10 ~ 15 minutes once, keeps blade face to have water membrane; After taking root, every spray in 20 ~ 30 minutes once; After taking root in a large number, spray timings can greatly reduce, but will note spraying at noon, and matrix can not lack of water, and increases illumination gradually;
The number of times of spraying and the time interval do not do as degree with seedbed surface matrix, and the amount of spraying is wet and not boiling water with blade face.Overdrying not yet can be formed because of root system, does not inhale water and withered, crosses wetly various bacterium and fungal disease can be caused to spread, and makes cutting rotten;
After cuttage, need spray weekly a bactericide, the 800 times of liquid of the carbendazol wettable powder with 50% spray, or use thiophanate methyl 1000 times of liquid to spray, in not spraying into seedbed when spraying at dusk;
After cuttage rooting, spray weekly a N P and K mixed fertile, or leaf is fertile, spraying concentration is 0.3-0.5%;
After cuttage, the rotten leaf that needs will be sorted out on bed surface in time and fallen leaves;
After cuttage, the temperature in greenhouse by solar heat or plastic tunnel controls below 32 DEG C.
2. day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise the step of transplanting, this step specifically comprises:
After Miao Sui is taken root, adopt the method hardening controlling water, ventilation, increase illumination gradually, after seedling fringe root system has 2 roots, namely adventive root just can have been transplanted when white becomes brown, transplanting limit, limit is wanted to water during transplanting, finally water permeable, transplanting process will suitably be shaded, or choosing cloudy day, at dusk transplanting.
3. day-light greenhouse spray elm cuttage and seedling culture method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: when pruning cuttings, clip drops on the below of the minor matters in cuttings.
CN201510194215.6A 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Cutting seedling method for twigs of elm of solar greenhouse Pending CN104756738A (en)

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Cited By (8)

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CN105052657A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-18 泗县美丽园艺农民专业合作社 Method for cutting twigs of fast-growing elms in greenhouses
CN106376390A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 泗县美丽园艺农民专业合作社 Method of root cuttage of fast-growing locust trees in greenhouse
CN106856945A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-06-20 四川森迪科技发展股份有限公司 A kind of Idesia polycarpa cottage method
CN107251797A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-10-17 四川森迪科技发展股份有限公司 A kind of fig tree method for fast asexual propagation
CN108990570A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-14 四川格睿园林科技有限公司 A kind of Cotinus coggygria cottage method
CN109121771A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-01-04 山东省林木种质资源中心 Hemiplelea davidii stiff wood rapid cuttage mating system
CN109220452A (en) * 2018-09-06 2019-01-18 安徽省林业科学研究院 A kind of method of ulmus elongata shoot cutting container nursery
CN110558130A (en) * 2019-09-23 2019-12-13 台州学院 Cutting method of cauliflower

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Application publication date: 20150708