CN107853046A - A kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings - Google Patents

A kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107853046A
CN107853046A CN201711012550.5A CN201711012550A CN107853046A CN 107853046 A CN107853046 A CN 107853046A CN 201711012550 A CN201711012550 A CN 201711012550A CN 107853046 A CN107853046 A CN 107853046A
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China
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cuttage
cuttings
slotting machine
container
wet
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CN201711012550.5A
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Inventor
黄逢龙
刘大椿
李燕山
龚伟
甘青
彭招兰
周日巍
贺珑
吴茂隆
罗亨龙
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JI'AN OF INSTITUTE FORESTRY SCIENCE
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JI'AN OF INSTITUTE FORESTRY SCIENCE
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings, step includes:Build that greenhouse → arrangement slotting machine → making matrix and container for plant growth → puts container for plant growth → slotting machine and cutting medium sterilization → cuttings clip and short shed → final-period management is built in processing → cuttings sterilization → cuttage →:1. sterilize, 2. water and fertilizer management, 3. illumination, humidity, temperature control;It is characterized in that:Slotting machine basal plane is penetrating, and cutting medium includes coconut palm chaff, turf, vermiculite, perlite, and container for plant growth is bottomless uncovered cylinder, and cuttings takes the rudiment bar for giving birth to semi-lignified then;Its advantage is, has cuttage survival rate high, and well developed root system, cuttage management is convenient, and labor intensity is low, and seedling transportation is light during afforestation, and band Light media is transplanted, and the surrival rate of afforestation is high;And its fine quality characteristic is kept, suitable for large-scale industrialized nursery, to meet to realize the good effect of the needs of the improved variety of Slash Pine Plantations.

Description

A kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings
Technical field
The present invention relates to pine seedling growing technical field, more particularly, to the cuttage raise seedling technique of pine tree, specifically one Kind wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings.
Background technology
Wet-land pine tree(pinus elliottii)For fast-growing aiphyllium, the warm low altitude area with humidity of southeastern US is originated in Area.Be not only excellent industrial cut stock seeds, and be in pine tree class seeds pine resin yield highest, top-quality seeds it One.At present, China wet-land pine tree seedling raising mannerses are main or pass through sowing and breeding seedling.Slash pine seed source mainly relies on The Slash pine seed garden established both at home and abroad, seed collection difficulty be present, cost is high, and the nursery stock quality discrepancy that cultivating seeds come out is big The problem of;And breeding garden yield has point of biennial bearing, Slash pine seed yield is unstable, and the slash pine seedlings quantity bred has Limit, it is difficult to meet to plant trees, improve green percentage and optimize the environment, large area establishes forest chemical raw material forest and the need of Timber stands Ask.The high-quality woods such as its high yield material, High yielding is few in the existing Slash Pine in China, and majority also belongs to low production forest.Therefore, cultivate high High-quality slash pine seedlings are produced, the improved variety for realizing Slash Pine Plantations is the technical problem that pendulum is badly in need of solving in the industry.In recent years Come, China has carried out in some provinces for being adapted to wet-land pine tree to plant wet-land pine tree high yield material, the research of High yielding fine-variety breeding in succession.Example: 《Forestry scientific research》Disclose " wet-land pine tree, the research of torch pine Technique on Cuttage Propagation "(The 5th phase of volume 6 in 1993)This article is situated between Continuing, " under conditions of the abundance that supplied water in full sunshine and spray and greenhouse, matrix is preferred with middle husky effect for building, and sand grain is equal in Even venting and water permeable ability is stronger, and source is wide, cheap ".Although this method can lack wet-land pine tree cutting survival, river sand Nutrition, viscosity is poor, and the wet-land pine tree seedling of cutting survival needs to transplant, and so, both adds seedling cost;During transplanting It can cause nursery stock dead and wounded again, reduce survival rate, add grow seedling link, reduce cuttage operating efficiency, so as to be unfavorable for scale Change cuttage and seedling culture.State Patent Office is once with publication No. CN104322226 A)Disclose one kind《Pine tree cuttage and seedling culture method》, should It is primary raw material that text, which discloses cutting medium from perlite, sandy soil and sawdust, and cuttings was grown directly from seeds branch using 2~3 years raw lignifyings Bar makees cuttings.Therefore, there is following deficiency in it:1st, the sandy soil quality weight in cutting medium, it has not been convenient to afforestation transport, and cost Height, sawdust Commercial sources narrow range, materials are inconvenient.2nd, cuttings makees cuttings, cuttings using 2~3 years raw lignifyings branch that grows directly from seeds Youngization degree is low, difficulty of taking root, and cuttage survival rate is low.
It is worthy of note that:The above-mentioned cuttage and seedling culture method about pine tree class, although can solve or solve wet-land pine tree The problem of cuttage and seedling culture can survive is carried out, still, difficult for cuttage rooting during wet-land pine tree cuttage and seedling culture, rootage duration Long, cuttings easily rots not solved preferably.It is improved especially for large-scale industrialized formula cuttage and seedling culture to survive The light and follow-up surrival rate of afforestation of rate, sapling robust growth, well developed root system, and seedling management convenience and high-efficiency, seedling transportation is high Do not solved effectively.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings.This method has Cuttage survival rate is high, well developed root system, and cuttage management is convenient, and labor intensity is low, and seedling transportation is light during afforestation, and band Light media moves Plant, the surrival rate of afforestation is high;And its fine quality characteristic is kept, suitable for large-scale industrialized nursery, to meet to realize wet-land pine tree The good effect of the needs of the improved variety of artificial forest.
The present invention technical solution be:
A kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings, its step include:
A, water power seedling raising environment facility in cuttage greenhouse and installation canopy is built;
B, regular slotting machine substrate and laying slotting machine basal plane;
C, prepare cutting medium and make container for plant growth, and cutting medium is loaded in container for plant growth;
D, container for plant growth is put to slotting machine basal plane:Container for plant growth fitly loads to the nursery inframe of grid bottom, then by nursery frame It is neatly arranged on slotting machine basal plane;
E, slotting machine and cutting medium sterilization:First slotting machine and cutting medium are poured it is permeable, then with 5% liquor potassic permanganate spray Slotting machine and cutting medium are spilt, is carried out disinfection, with diaphragm seal 2~3 days, treats that cuttage uses;
F, cuttings clip and root-growing agent processing;
G, cuttings sterilization:Placed into after cuttage rooting agent processing in 1000 times of thiophanate methyl or carbendazim solution and soak 10 ~20min;
H, cuttage:Matrix in container for plant growth poured before cuttage permeable, carried out drawing hole with spillikin thick 4~6mm of diameter, draw hole depth It is advisable with 3~5cm, then wet-land pine tree cuttings is put into hole, it is not necessary to hole is tamped, atomizing spray again after cuttage is complete, makes to insert The globule is overworked above fringe;
I, short shed is built:After cuttage is complete, cover film builds the high short sheds of 60~80cm, and short shed surrounding is closed, then The sunshade net that shading rate is 75% is covered on short shed;
J, cuttage final-period management;Including:1. sterilize:After cuttage is complete, every 7~10 days rejects long bacterium, rotten cuttings, then use 1000 times of solution of the bactericidal agents such as thiophanate methyl, carbendazim, Bravo are sterilized;2. water and fertilizer management:After cuttage 1 month, After having sterilized every time, the foliar fertilizers such as the potassium dihydrogen phosphate that mass percentage concentration is 0.05% are also sprayed, is changed to pour after taking root and applies matter Measure the instant capacity composite fertilizer liquid manure that percentage concentration is 0.05%~0.2%;3. illumination, humidity, temperature control;
It is characterized in that:
Ith, the slotting machine basal plane in the regular slotting machine substrates of the step B and laying slotting machine basal plane is the good matrix of one layer of permeability of laying Material is as basal plane;
IIth, the cutting medium that the step C prepares cutting medium and made in container for plant growth includes coconut palm chaff, turf, vermiculite, pearl Rock, and press coconut palm chaff accounting 71.6~23.9%, turf accounting 23.9~71.6%, vermiculite accounting 3~3.9%, perlite accounting 1.5% Volume ratio prepared;
IIIth, the container for plant growth that the step C prepares cutting medium and made in container for plant growth is fabricated to bottomless nothing using non-woven fabrics The straight-through body of lid, then cutting medium is filled and led directly in vivo, form it into bottomless uncovered cylinder;
IVth, the cuttings in step F cuttings clip and the root-growing agent processing is time chosen from the high-quality mother plant for cutting of wet-land pine tree The rudiment bar for giving birth to semi-lignified then that raw needle is not sprouted, the nascent needle cluster in top does not open, is cut into 7~9cm length.
Supplement and improvement as above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention also have following feature:
It is preferably particulate river sand that described slotting machine basal plane, which lays one layer of good host material of permeability, and laying depth is 5~7cm.
Described root-growing agent processing, using dipping in method soon or soaking method slowly, described dips in method soon, i.e., on the day of the cuttings of same day clip Cuttage immediately, with a kind of leaching cuttings in the root-growing agents such as 1000mg/L IBA (indolebutyric acid), IAA (heteroauxin), ABT1# 5~10min of base portion;The slow leaching method, i.e., on the day of clip cuttings cuttage in second day, with 50mg/L IBA (indolebutyric acid), 14~16h of a kind of leaching cuttings base portion in the root-growing agents such as IAA (heteroauxin), ABT1#.
Illumination, humidity in described cuttage final-period management, temperature control, are covered after cuttage in 1st month on short shed 75% sunshade net, after one month, take the sunshade net on short shed off, retain sealed by film covering up to cuttage rooting, when short shed When interior temperature is higher than 35 DEG C, the film at short shed both ends can be raised cooling;After cuttage is complete, except sterilization and dressing fertilizer need temporarily Raise outside plastic sheeting, remaining time need not raise film, can pour leaching plastic sheeting by atomization sprinkling irrigation and permeability is good Slotting machine basal plane adjusts the temperature in short shed, air humidity and cutting medium humidity;After cuttage seeding is taken root completely, short arch is removed Canopy, the sunshade net on cuttage canopy is packed up, make cuttage seeding illumination sufficient.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has advantages below:
Because the present invention is on the basis of existing cutting seedling raising of nursery stocks technology is absorbed, employs modernization greenhouse and add short shed double Canopy, double sunshade nets and atomization sprinkling irrigation pour the plastic sheeting on the short shed of leaching to adjust temperature, air humidity and the skewer in short shed The advanced technology means of soil humidity are inserted, build more preferable cuttage and seedling culture room climate.Slotting machine substrate is especially created With the cutting bed of slotting machine basal plane two-layer structure, the good material of permselectivity as slotting machine basal plane, while cutting medium with it is penetrating Property fabulous slotting machine basal plane be engaged effect, make cuttage seeding will not make after watering it is stagnant deposit a large amount of moisture content in cuttage bag and slotting machine, Abandoning or reducing makes cuttage seeding easily rot the factor or bar of ring because there being excessive moisture content in cuttage bag and slotting machine Part, preferably solves the perishable rotten technical barrier of wet-land pine tree cuttage and seedling culture cuttings;Cutting medium and air in short shed When drying, directly the short shed of leaching is poured in atomization sprinkling irrigation in the case of without raising short shed film, and high temperature is same in reduction canopy When, moisture can also be entered in short shed by the good slotting machine basal plane of permeability, cutting medium and air is kept suitable humidity. This make it that wetland pine cuttage later stage water management is extremely convenient, more efficient, reduces labor intensity, is advantageous to scale chemical plant Change nursery.Half wood raw then that the present invention is not sprouted from the secondary needle on mother plant for cutting, the nascent needle cluster in top does not open Matter rudiment bar makees cuttings, and youngization degree is high, extremely advantageous to taking root, meanwhile, the cutting medium that the present invention selects is coconut palm chaff, grass The materials such as charcoal, vermiculite, perlite are formulated according to certain volume ratio, and this matrix is both rich in battalion required for wet-land pine tree cuttage seeding Support and internal structure is loose, not hardened, permeability is good, is advantageous to taking root for wet-land pine tree cuttings;It is in addition, 1st month short after cuttage Shed covers 75% sunshade net, on the one hand can protect cuttings, make it be not easy to be dehydrated, on the other hand can promote wet-land pine tree cuttings callus The formation of tissue, beneficial to taking root.Therefore, the present invention preferably solves the problems, such as that wet-land pine tree cuttage and seedling culture is taken root difficulty.This hair The bright host material that preferably particulate river sand is laid as slotting machine basal plane, laying depth is 5~7cm, can effectively reduce weed growth And mould grows, and on the one hand makes cuttage environment cleaner, survival rate is improved;On the other hand weeding and degerming labor can also be reduced Business cost.Present invention also offers two kinds of wet-land pine tree cuttage rooting agent processing methods, can select suitable life according to being actually needed Root agent processing method.So during whole cuttage and seedling culture, it is auxiliary in atomizing spray, control luminosity, humidity, temperature and The technological means such as sterilization, water and fertilizer management so that the present invention has cuttage survival rate height, and well developed root system, cuttage management is conveniently Efficiently.In addition, the present invention additionally uses loads grid bottom nursery inframe by cuttage and seedling culture container, and nursery frame is placed in slotting machine On, during afforestation, directly the extraction entrucking of nursery frame is transported to afforestation place, reduces existing cuttage and seedling culture and needs first to transplant and plant again The link of plant, this band Light media transplanting plantation afforestation so that the big raising of the surrival rate of afforestation, and its fine quality characteristic is kept, Suitable for large-scale industrialized nursery, to meet to realize the good effect of the needs of the improved variety of Slash Pine Plantations.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the invention will be further described:
A kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings, its step include:
A, water power seedling raising environment facility in cuttage greenhouse and installation canopy is built:The selection of cuttage canopy is filled at the open flat, water source in place Foot, traffic convenience, draughty place are built, the high 3~5m of cuttage canopy, top and surrounding set up shading rate be 75% can from The sunshade net of dynamic folding and unfolding, canopy is interior to set atomizing sprayer, and atomization rainer can be controlling manually or automatic Control, every slotting machine set an atomizing nozzle, can individually control its switch;Ventilation and temperature and wet are also installed in canopy simultaneously Spend monitor and control facility.
B, regular slotting machine substrate and laying slotting machine basal plane:Slotting machine substrate is flattened, slotting machine base widths are with 120~130cm It is preferred, slotting machine length can be depending on the length of cuttage greenhouse, and slotting machine surrounding is built into the high enclosings of 5~7cm with Water absorption brick, is easy to Lay slotting machine basal plane;Then the good host material of one layer of permeability is laid in slotting machine substrate as slotting machine basal plane, slotting machine basal plane 5~7cm of thickness, the preferred particulate river sand of the good host material of the permeability.
C, prepare cutting medium and make container for plant growth, and cutting medium is loaded in container for plant growth:Cutting medium is preferred Comprising coconut palm chaff, turf, vermiculite, perlite, and coconut palm chaff accounting 71.6~23.9% is pressed, turf accounting 23.9~71.6%, vermiculite accounts for Than 3~3.9%, the volume ratio of perlite accounting 1.5% is prepared, and provides following five specific formulas here:1. coconut palm chaff:Grass Charcoal:Vermiculite:Perlite=71.6:23.9:3:1.5;2. coconut palm chaff:Turf:Vermiculite:Perlite=63.1:31.5:3.9:1.5;3. coconut palm Chaff:Turf:Vermiculite:Perlite=47.8:47.8:3:1.5;4. coconut palm chaff:Turf:Vermiculite:Perlite=31.5:63.1:3.9: 1.5;5. coconut palm chaff:Turf:Vermiculite:Perlite=23.9:71.6:3:1.5.
Container for plant growth is fabricated to the straight-through body of bottomless uncovered using non-woven fabrics, then the cutting medium prepared is filled and led directly to In vivo, bottomless uncovered cylinder is formed it into;The specification size of described container for plant growth is generally 5.6cm(Cross-sectional diameter)× 8cm(It is high), can be also adjusted according to being actually needed.
D, container for plant growth is put to slotting machine basal plane:Container for plant growth is fitly loaded to the nursery inframe of grid bottom, then will be educated Seedling frame is neatly arranged on slotting machine basal plane as double.
Nursery frame is that specification is 50cm(It is long)×30cm(It is wide)×7cm(It is high)Dilute grid bottom frame of plastic.
E, slotting machine and cutting medium sterilization:First slotting machine and cutting medium are poured it is permeable, then with 5% potassium permanganate spray Sand bed and the container for plant growth made of nonwoven material equipped with cutting medium are spilt, is carried out disinfection, with diaphragm seal 2~3 days, treats that cuttage uses.
F, cuttings clip and root-growing agent processing;The secondary needle chosen from the high-quality mother plant for cutting of wet-land pine tree is not sprouted, pushed up The rudiment bar for giving birth to semi-lignified then that the nascent needle cluster in end does not open, is cut into 7~9cm length, and cuttings base portion is carried out again after flushing Root-growing agent processing;Root-growing agent processing can select different processing modes according to the mode of cuttage:A. on the day of the cuttings of same day clip Cuttage immediately, using method is dipped in soon, soaked and inserted with root-growing agents such as 1000mg/L IBA (indolebutyric acid), IAA (heteroauxin), ABT1# 5~10min of fringe base portion;B. the cuttings cuttage in second day of same day clip, using slow leaching method, i.e., with IBA (the indoles fourths with 50mg/L Acid), IAA (heteroauxin), 14~16h of the root-growing agent such as ABT1# leaching cuttings base portion;
Need to further illustrate herein, in order to take the cuttings of high-quality, the cultivation to mother plant for cutting is strengthened in reply in advance And nursing.Trimming time and number are determined according to the growth characteristic of wet-land pine tree and local climate feature;Before each trimming and cuttage Top dressing is carried out, can ditch spread Common compound fertilizer or Jiao Shi instant capacity composite fertilizer;It is especially sunny, have during clip wet-land pine tree fringe bar The weather of wind, high temperature, it should be noted that moisturizing and sunshade, fringe bar is protected, in case fringe bar is dehydrated.Portable guarantor can be used when cutting bar Incubator deposits fringe bar;The bucket storage fringe bar commonly used in life can also be used, but the fringe bar sheared need to be covered with wet towel.
G, cuttings sterilization:Placed into after cuttage rooting agent processing in 1000 times of thiophanate methyl or carbendazim solution Soak 10~20min.
H, cuttage:Container for plant growth made of nonwoven material poured before cuttage it is permeable, then with spillikin thick 4~6mm of diameter in each nothing Spin in cloth container for plant growth and carry out drawing hole, draw hole depth is advisable with 3~5cm, and then wet-land pine tree cuttings is put into hole, it is not necessary to will Hole is tamped, and atomizing spray again after cuttage is complete, makes to overwork the globule above cuttings.Hole can't not be drawn and cuttings is directly inserted into nonwoven In cloth container for plant growth, in order to avoid cuttings base portion damages, influence cuttage rooting and survive.
I, short shed is built:The high short sheds of 60~80cm, cover film, closed surrounding are taken after cuttage is complete, then covers screening Light rate is 75% sunshade net.
J, cuttage final-period management;
1. sterilize:After cuttage is complete, pick up within every 7~10 days except long bacterium, rotten cuttings, then with thiophanate methyl, carbendazim, hundred Bacterium waits 1000 times of solution of bactericidal agent to be sterilized clearly, and bactericidal agent is used interchangeably, in case a kind of long-term use of bactericide makes disease Bacterium develops immunity to drugs to the bactericide;
2. water and fertilizer management:After cuttage 1 month, after having sterilized every time, the di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate that mass percentage concentration is 0.05% is also sprayed The foliar fertilizers such as hydrogen potassium;It is changed to pour the instant capacity composite fertilizer liquid manure for applying that mass percentage concentration is 0.05%~0.2% after taking root, before fertilising If matrix is too dry will to be opened atomization sprinkling irrigation and is watered, but unsuitable overly wet, with the growth of wet-land pine tree cuttage seeding, pour apply it is instant Property composite fertilizer liquid manure concentration can gradually increase in above-mentioned concentration range, to promote seedling growth;
3. illumination, humidity, temperature control:75% sunshade net is covered on short shed within 1st month after cuttage, after 1 month, take short arch off Sunshade net on canopy, retain sealed by film covering until cuttage rooting, when short arch temperature of shed is higher than 35 DEG C, can open ventilation Equipment is aerated cooling, and the film at short shed both ends is raised into cooling;When short arch temperature of shed is less than 35 DEG C, except sterilization Need to raise outside plastic sheeting temporarily with dressing fertilizer, remaining time need not raise film, can pour leaching plastics by being atomized sprinkling irrigation Film and the good slotting machine basal plane of permeability adjust the temperature in short shed, air humidity and cutting medium humidity;Cuttage seeding is complete After taking root entirely, short shed is removed, packs up the sunshade net on cuttage canopy, make cuttage seeding illumination sufficient.So do and be on the one hand advantageous to Wet-land pine tree cuttage rooting, be on the other hand advantageous to protect cuttings, make it be not easy to be dehydrated.
When cuttage and seedling culture, which is grown to, to transplant, when suitably planting trees season, will be educated directly out of seedling raising greenhouse The extraction entrucking of seedling frame is transported to afforestation place, reduces the ring transplanted again after the first transplanting breeding shape reality of existing cuttage and seedling culture needs Section, this band Light media transplanting plantation afforestation so that the surrival rate of afforestation greatly improves, and keeps its fine quality characteristic, is applicable In large-scale industrialized nursery, so as to meet the needs of the improved variety of Slash Pine Plantations.
Above content is to combine specific preferred embodiment further description made for the present invention, it is impossible to is assert The specific implementation of the present invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, Some equivalent substitutes or obvious modification are made on the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, and performance or purposes are identical, then should It is considered as belonging to the protection domain that claims that the present invention is submitted determine.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings, its step include:
A, water power seedling raising environment facility in cuttage greenhouse and installation canopy is built;
B, regular slotting machine substrate and laying slotting machine basal plane;
C, prepare cutting medium and make container for plant growth, and cutting medium is loaded in container for plant growth;
D, container for plant growth is put to slotting machine basal plane:Container for plant growth fitly loads to the nursery inframe of grid bottom, then by nursery frame It is neatly arranged on slotting machine basal plane;
E, slotting machine and cutting medium sterilization:First slotting machine and cutting medium are poured it is permeable, then with 5% liquor potassic permanganate spray Slotting machine and cutting medium are spilt, is carried out disinfection, with diaphragm seal 2~3 days, treats that cuttage uses;
F, cuttings clip and root-growing agent processing;
G, cuttings sterilization:Placed into after cuttage rooting agent processing in 1000 times of thiophanate methyl or carbendazim solution and soak 10 ~20min;
H, cuttage:Matrix in container for plant growth poured before cuttage permeable, carried out drawing hole with spillikin thick 4~6mm of diameter, draw hole depth It is advisable with 3~5cm, then wet-land pine tree cuttings is put into hole, it is not necessary to hole is tamped, atomizing spray again after cuttage is complete, makes to insert The globule is overworked above fringe;
I, short shed is built:After cuttage is complete, cover film builds the high short sheds of 60~80cm, and short shed surrounding is closed, then The sunshade net that shading rate is 75% is covered on short shed;
J, cuttage final-period management:Including:1. sterilize:After cuttage is complete, every 7~10 days rejects long bacterium, rotten cuttings, then use 1000 times of solution of the bactericidal agents such as thiophanate methyl, carbendazim, Bravo are sterilized;2. water and fertilizer management:After cuttage 1 month, After having sterilized every time, the foliar fertilizers such as the potassium dihydrogen phosphate that mass percentage concentration is 0.05% are also sprayed, is changed to pour after taking root and applies matter Measure the instant capacity composite fertilizer liquid manure that percentage concentration is 0.05%~0.2%;3. illumination, humidity, temperature control;
It is characterized in that:
Ith, the slotting machine basal plane in the regular slotting machine substrates of the step B and laying slotting machine basal plane is the good matrix of one layer of permeability of laying Material is as basal plane;
IIth, the cutting medium that the step C prepares cutting medium and made in container for plant growth includes coconut palm chaff, turf, vermiculite, pearl Rock, and press coconut palm chaff accounting 71.6~23.9%, turf accounting 23.9~71.6%, vermiculite accounting 3~3.9%, perlite accounting 1.5% Volume ratio prepared;
IIIth, the container for plant growth that the step C prepares cutting medium and made in container for plant growth is fabricated to bottomless nothing using non-woven fabrics The straight-through body of lid, then cutting medium is filled and led directly in vivo, form it into bottomless uncovered cylinder;
IVth, the cuttings in step F cuttings clip and the root-growing agent processing is time chosen from the high-quality mother plant for cutting of wet-land pine tree The rudiment bar for giving birth to semi-lignified then that raw needle is not sprouted, the nascent needle cluster in top does not open, is cut into 7~9cm length.
A kind of 2. wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described slotting machine basal plane It is preferably particulate river sand to lay one layer of good host material of permeability, and laying depth is 5~7cm.
3. a kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that at described root-growing agent Reason, using dipping in method soon or soaking method slowly, described dips in method, i.e. cuttage immediately on the day of the cuttings of same day clip soon, with 1000mg/L's 5~10min of a kind of leaching cuttings base portion in the root-growing agents such as IBA (indolebutyric acid), IAA (heteroauxin), ABT1#;The slow leaching The cuttings cuttage in second day of method, i.e. same day clip, it is raw with 50mg/L IBA (indolebutyric acid), IAA (heteroauxin), ABT1# etc. 14~16h of a kind of leaching cuttings base portion in root agent.
A kind of 4. wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described cuttage later stage Illumination, humidity in management, temperature control:Cover 75% sunshade net after cuttage in 1st month on short shed, after one month, take off Sunshade net on short shed, retain sealed by film covering until cuttage rooting, can will be short when short arch temperature of shed is higher than 35 DEG C The film at shed both ends raises cooling;After cuttage is complete, in addition to sterilizing and dressing fertilizer needs to raise plastic sheeting temporarily, remaining time Film need not be raised, leaching plastic sheeting and the good slotting machine basal plane of permeability can be poured by being atomized sprinkling irrigation to adjust in short shed Temperature, air humidity and cutting medium humidity;After cuttage seeding is taken root completely, short shed is removed, packs up the sunshade net on cuttage canopy, Make cuttage seeding illumination sufficient.
CN201711012550.5A 2017-10-26 2017-10-26 A kind of wet-land pine tree industrial cuttage method for culturing seedlings Pending CN107853046A (en)

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CN108966881A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-11 昆明市濒危动植物收容拯救中心 Endangered species Poncirus polyandra cuttage breeding method
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CN110122085A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-16 山东省林业科学研究院 A kind of tilia amurensis shoot cutting fast breeding method

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