CN105165512B - Four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method is preced with Alnus formosana Plantation control partially - Google Patents

Four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method is preced with Alnus formosana Plantation control partially Download PDF

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CN105165512B
CN105165512B CN201510410718.2A CN201510410718A CN105165512B CN 105165512 B CN105165512 B CN 105165512B CN 201510410718 A CN201510410718 A CN 201510410718A CN 105165512 B CN105165512 B CN 105165512B
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cuttage
cuttings
plantation
alnus formosana
seedling
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CN105165512A (en
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曹艳云
申文辉
彭玉华
朱积余
郝海坤
黄志玲
谭长强
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

Process is managed after being preced with four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method, including fine individual plant selection, seed collecting seeding and seedling raising, maternal plant cultivation, cuttings collection, cuttings cuttage and cuttage partially the invention discloses a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control, it is characterised in that:By selecting the fine individual plant of 10 years raw above standing forests, seed seeding and seedling raising is gathered, excellent healthy and strong super nursery stock is therefrom selected by 80~100 plants/m2Density is transplanted makees maternal plant culture in container bag, maternal plant cutting strunk is being promoted away from ground 10~15cm eminences to sprout, cultivate high-quality coppice shoot and make cuttings, cuttings cuttage after processing is cultivated in the container cup for having installed matrix, covered using totally-enclosed agricultural film, directly capping or the built on stilts sunshade net that sets carries out moisture-keeping shading management on film, setting up a set of time of cuttage root-taking throughout the year foreshortens to 7~22 days, most fast 55 days summers can go out garden afforestation, 20~40 times of maternal plant breeding coefficient, dormant cuttings survival rate 100%, annual cuttage survival rate is up to 95%, positive hat rate is up to more than 98%, so as to obtain the excellent healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation cuttage seeding of high-volume.

Description

Four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method is preced with Alnus formosana Plantation control partially
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of plant growing technology, it is related to a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control and is preced with four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method partially.
Background technology
Alnus formosana Plantation is Betulaceae Alder seeds, originates in TaiWan, China, 20 more than m, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground are up in original producton location 30 cm, are the important pioneer's reproducting tree species in Taiwan.Its wide adaptation range, original producton location 3000 m from low altitude area to height above sea level have NATURAL DISTRIBUTION, light, hygrophilous and moisture-proof is barren-resistant, and has certain Drought resistance.Its dry-shaped straight, tree body is tall and big, wood Material is easily processed into type, is the high-quality timber for producing timber floor, furniture etc., can also make particieboard, paper making raw material.Alnus formosana Plantation is Non -leguminous root nodule nitrogen-fixing plants, can significantly improve soil fertility, be excellent water and soil conservation and water conservation seeds again, and it grows It hurry up, the 4a life height of trees reach 11m, and the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground reaches 12cm.The tree kind in the successive successful introduction in the ground such as South Africa, China Fujian, Sichuan, Hunan, Nowadays it is subject to popularization and application as fast-growing commerical tree species.Guangxi started to introduce a fine variety in 2012, was observed by the growths of 3 years, Alnus formosana Plantation adapts to the weather in Guangxi.During the nearly last ten years, to meet the national wilderness demand to timber, south China each province is special It is not the development eucalyptus of Guangxi province large area, soil fertility exhaustion and severe water and soil erosion, forest structure is single, and Ecological Function is thin It is weak, it can change in the urgent need to finding with eucalyptus crop rotation or mixed friendship, ecological functions and good seeds, Alnus formosana Plantation as south China Kind forest tree species structure, an excellent fast-growing deciduous species for building ecological forestry.
Alnus formosana Plantation breeding is mainly sexual and vegetative propagation.It is very different commonly to there is seed in generative propagation, heredity point Change big, the cultivation uneven phenomenon of nursery stock.Vegetative propagation mainly has propagation by grafiting, cutting propagation and tissue culture propagating.Taiwan Alder propagation by grafiting is easily survived, but is preferably used as breeding work, is used as production nursery, reproductive number is restricted, into Ben Taigao.Tissue culture propagating growth coefficient is high, nursery is fast, is the fast numerous best approach of Modern Forestry breeding, but its technology will Ask high, at present, Alnus formosana Plantation tissue cultivating technology also rests on conceptual phase, industrial breeding technique there is not yet report.It is relevant The cuttage and seedling culture of Alnus formosana Plantation, Hunan, Sichuan scholar have carried out certain research.He Xiuwei etc.(2005), Cheng Yong etc.(2005) Research show that different clones cuttings cuttage rooting rate significant difference, the root-growing agent of debita spissitudo is remarkably improved Alnus formosana Plantation Rooting rate;Beam is quite etc.(2009), Liao Dezhi etc.(2010)With Chen Minggao(2012)Research draw, the class of taking root of Alnus formosana Plantation Type is divided into skin zone and callus mixing rooting types, wherein most of is skin zone's rooting types, minority is mixing rooting types; Beam quite waits research also to draw, using the long cuttings of 15~20cm, cutting survival best June, September, highest survival rate are reachable 97.35%.However, the studies above is for Alnus formosana Plantation cuttage, the cuttage root-taking time is still oversize(It is most fast 15~28 days), And can not four seasons cuttage, nursery stock hat rate height partially.The present inventor's Alnus formosana Plantation correlative study since 2012, in the studies above On the basis of, cuttage maternal plant is cultivated using nutrient bag, carries out different cutting lengths, different root-growing agent experiments throughout the year, obtains the autumn Winter survival rate 100%, annual 7~22 days seedling cultivation and rooting time, cuttage seeding just hat rate 98.23%, summer can go out garden in 55 days Efficient cuttage raise seedling technique.
The content of the invention
The present invention is directed to the deficiency of existing reproduction technique, it is desirable to provide a kind of control of quickening breeding Alnus formosana Plantation nursery stock is preced with partially Four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method.
Technical scheme is as follows:
Four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method, including fine individual plant selection, seed collecting seeding and seedling raising, maternal plant are preced with a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control partially Process is managed after cultivation, cuttings collection, cuttings cuttage and cuttage, it is characterised in that:By selecting the excellent of 10 years raw above standing forests Good individual plant, gather seed seeding and seedling raising, therefrom select excellent healthy and strong super nursery stock transplanting to make maternal plant culture in container bag, away from Ground 10~15cm eminences promote to sprout to maternal plant cutting strunk, cultivate high-quality coppice shoot and make cuttings, cuttings after processing cuttage in having installed base The container cup of matter is cultivated, so as to obtain the excellent healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation cuttage seeding of high-volume, concrete operation step is as follows:
(1)Fine individual plant selects:The fine individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation in 10 years raw above standing forests is selected to collect seed;
(2)Seed collecting seeding and seedling raising:11~December in Alnus formosana Plantation fructescence, collection fine individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation Fruit, airing after seed sheds, is dried in the air 1~3 in ventilation frescade depending on dry weather situation, is collected seed and is installed with cloth bag, Preserved 1~10 month under 4~6 DEG C of cryogenic conditions.Taking-up Alnus Formosana Seed clear water edulcoration during sowing, swelling, then The sowing furrow of sowing media are being mixed in the seed sowing of swelling;When seedling height has 2~3cm, Alnus formosana Plantation seedling is moved Plant in container, cultivate seedling;
(3)Cuttage maternal plant is cultivated:The healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation super seedling of semi-annual high-quality is selected as maternal plant, transplant in equipped with In 14~18 cm × 14~18cm of good maternal plant culture medium nutrient bag, be neatly placed in furrow face, planting density up to 80~ 100 plants/m2, root water is drenched after plantation, and keep ground moistening;The Russian import for applying that mass concentration is 0.6% is drenched in plantation for 15 days Composite fertilizer, after plantation 20~30 days, cutting strunk promotees to sprout at maternal plant spacing 10~15cm of ground;Needed further accordance with maternal plant sprout growth Strictly to control liquid manure;Depending on weather condition, every 7~10 days the yellow sodium wettable powder 800 of the enemy of sprinkling 80% according to a conventional method~ 800~1000 times of water of 800~1000 times of aqueous solution of 1000 times of aqueous solution or 85% zineb pulvis or 85% thiophanate methyl pulvis Solution, several medicaments want cross-reference diseases prevention, and broad spectrum disinfestation medicine desinsection is used during damaged by vermin;
(4)Cuttings is gathered:Various Seasonal, clip makees cuttings from the female viviparous different length high-quality coppice shoot of Alnus formosana Plantation, The basin that the cuttings of clip is put into deep 1.8~2.2cm clear water carries out moisturizing, in the shade by cuttings base portion 1~1.5cm length Divested with intra vane, rest blade retains, then erect the basin progress moisturizing for being put into deep 1.8~2.2cm clear water;
(5)Cuttage:The cutting medium prepared is filled with 8~12cm × 12~14cm nutrient bag before cuttage, so The nutrient bag for filling cutting medium is placed in cutting bed afterwards, cuttage the previous day is carried out disinfection processing with 0.5% potassium permanganate; By the Alnus formosana Plantation long positions of 1~1.5cm of cuttings base portion in the taking root liquid that concentration is 200~300 times or 200~300ppm during cuttage Middle leaching 1~3 second, then cuttings is inserted in cutting medium, and cuttage depth is 1~1.5cm, root water of being drenched after cuttage, and uses 80% 1000 times of aqueous solution of carbendazol wettable powder spraying blade faces;
(6)Managed after cuttage:After the cuttings cuttage of Alnus formosana Plantation, cutting bed covered rearing with plastic film moisturizing, according to difference Season Temperature Features, take different modes to cover sunshade net, and it is 85~95% to keep air humidity in cutting bed, is beaten every 7 days Film ventilation, water drenching are opened, cutting medium moistening is kept;And oppose yellow sodium bactericide or 80% carbendazim wettable powder with 1000 times The urea mixed solution of potassium dihydrogen phosphate+0.05% sprinkling of 1000 times of aqueous solution+0.1% of agent, reseal after 0.5h plastic sheeting, on Lid sunshade net;After cuttage rooting is stable, plastic sheeting and shading screen are raised, then by nursery normal management, until growing up to Complete Alnus formosana Plantation seedling.
The following is being explained further for above-mentioned steps:
Above step(1)In fine individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation refer to that the dry-shaped straight, height of tree, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground are averagely set more than standing forest The high, fine individual plant of the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground more than 10%.
Above step(2)Sowing media be by following mass ratio raw material it is well mixed be formulated, wherein:Yellow soil 80%+ fine sands 20%, or remove the mountain soil 80%+ fine sands 20% of 20cm topsoil, or yellow soil 50%+ coconut palm chaffs 50%.
Above step(3)In the healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation super seedling of semi-annual high-quality refer to:+ 1 mark of height of seedling > average height of seedling + 1 standard deviation of the accurate average ground diameter of poor, seedling ground diameter > seedlings, nursery stock is upright, and terminal bud is obvious, the healthy and strong nursery stock of no disease and pests harm.
Above step(3)Described maternal plant culture medium is formulated by following mass ratio is well mixed, wherein:Yellow soil Or remove the mountain soil 85% after 20cm tables soil, pond sludge 10%, chicken manure stack retting material 3%, calcium magnesium phosphate 2%.
Above step(3)Strict control liquid manure refer to:Ensure soil before growing into 2cm length to coppice shoot after maternal plant cutting strunk Moistening, strict control water, promotes coppice shoot semi-lignified afterwards;Autumn and winter dry weather every water drenching in 2~4 days once, spring, many rainy seasons in summer The mobile nutrient bag cut-out maternal plant root system control moisture of section, nutrient bag soil is half-dried, drenches water once;After 4~6 batches of cuttings of clip The Russian import composite fertilizer liquid manure of mass concentration 0.5~0.8% is applied depending on the pouring of maternal plant fertilizer deficiency situation once.
Above step(4)Described in different length high-quality coppice shoot refer to stalwartness without disease pest, autumn and winter 5~8cm of length, spring and summer Season 10~12cm of length, base portion semi-lignified, the one-level coppice shoot sprouted with terminal bud, from maternal plant trunk.
Above step(5)Described in cottage breeding matrix be formulated by following mass ratio is well mixed:True yellow cubsoil Or coconut palm chaff 85%+ peat soils 15% or coconut palm chaff 50%+ yellow soils 50%.
Above step(6)According to Various Seasonal different modes cover sunshade net refer to spring, autumn, winter on the plastic film Directly covering shading rate be 80% sunshade net shading, summer then use shading rate for 90% sunshade net, if overhead height be 1.5 ~2m cool canopy shading.
Relative to prior art, the present invention has advantages below:
(1)Four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method is preced with the Alnus formosana Plantation control of the present invention partially, selects 10 years raw above Alnus formosana Plantation standing forests Fine individual plant collected seed, after planting select super seedling as mother plant for cutting, the nursery stock cultivated be excellent strain offspring.
(2)Four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method is preced with the Alnus formosana Plantation control of the present invention partially, and each cuttings is derived from short maternal plant trunk The one-level coppice shoot is sprouted, it is straight to be respectively provided with terminal bud and fringe bar, does not bend, it is few that the nursery stock cultivated is preced with phenomenon partially, solves Taiwan Alder cuttage seeding is easily preced with problem partially.
(3)The Alnus formosana Plantation control of the present invention is preced with four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation method there is provided Alnus formosana Plantation cuttage raise seedling technique partially, Maternal plant is planted using nutrient bag, liquid manure easy to control, prevents the fringe bar excessive growth sprouted, and the cuttings internode of output is short, quality is good;It is different Season cuts carries out cuttage with different length cuttings, from spring to winter, and rootage duration only 7~22 days, one plant of maternal plant can produce for 1 year Effective cuttings 20~40, with reproduction speed is fast, method is simple, operation is easy, crop field cuttage survival rate is up to 95% with first-class Feature.This method has filled up Alnus Formosana Seed breeding, and nursery stock is very different, tissue culture technique not yet can production application, grafting The deficiencies such as breeding and seedling cost height, can be the reproduction technique for greatly developing offer good seed of Alnus formosana Plantation, be south China Adjustment forest constitution provides Alnus formosana Plantation good seed energetically with improvement of the ecological environment, promotes the development of ecological forestry.
Embodiment
By specific examples presented below, the present invention can be further well understood, but they are not to this hair Bright restriction.
Embodiment 1
Select 10 years raw standing forests in the dry-shaped straight, height of tree, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground more than standing forest mean stand height, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground more than 10% it is excellent Individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation is collected seed;November 15~17, gather the fruit of fine individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation, airing in ventilation frescade, After seed sheds, dried in the air 1~3 depending on dry weather situation, collect seed and installed with cloth bag, 1 is preserved under 4 DEG C of cryogenic conditions Individual month.Alnus Formosana Seed clear water edulcoration is taken out when December is sowed, swelling is then sowed the seed of swelling with mass ratio Raw material:Yellow soil 80%, coconut palm chaff 20% have mixed the sowing furrow of sowing media;When seedling height has 2~3cm, Alnus formosana Plantation children Seedling is transplanted in container, cultivates seedling;Select the average ground diameter of+1 standard deviation of semi-annual height of seedling > average height of seedling, seedling ground diameter > seedlings + 1 standard deviation, nursery stock is upright, terminal bud substantially, the healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation super seedling of high-quality of no disease and pests harm as maternal plant, transplant in Equipped with comparing raw material with quality:True yellow cubsoil 85%, pond sludge 10%, chicken manure stack retting material 3%, calcium magnesium phosphate 2% prepare maternal plant culture medium 14cm × 14cm nutrient bag in, be closely placed in furrow face, planting density is up to 100 plants/m2, root water is drenched after plantation, and protect Hold ground moistening;The Russian import composite fertilizer for applying that mass concentration is 0.6% is drenched in plantation for 15 days, after plantation 20 days, in maternal plant seedling Promote to sprout away from cutting strunk at the 10cm of ground;Needed further accordance with maternal plant sprout growth, ensure soil before cutting strunk to coppice shoot grows into 2cm length Earth is moistened, and strict control water, promotes coppice shoot semi-lignified afterwards;Autumn, winter dry weather every water drenching in 2~4 days once, spring, summer Rainy season movement nutrient bag cut-out maternal plant root system control moisture, nutrient bag soil is half-dried, drenches water once;Clip 4~6 batches The pouring of cuttings backsight maternal plant fertilizer deficiency situation applies the Russian import composite fertilizer liquid manure of mass concentration 0.5~0.8% once;Depending on weather feelings Condition, yellow 800~900 times of aqueous solution of sodium wettable powder of the enemy of sprinkling 80% according to a conventional method or 85% zineb every 7~10 days 800~900 times of aqueous solution sprayings of 800~900 times of aqueous solution of pulvis or 85% thiophanate methyl pulvis, several medicaments will intersect and make With diseases prevention, broad spectrum disinfestation medicine desinsection is used during damaged by vermin;
Autumn and winter, clip is healthy and strong without disease pest from the female viviparous different length of Alnus formosana Plantation, long 5~8cm, the wood of base portion half Matter, the one-level coppice shoot sprouted with terminal bud, from maternal plant trunk make cuttings, and the cuttings of clip is put into the water of deep about 2cm clear water Basin carries out moisturizing, in the shade divests cuttings base portion 1~1.5cm length with intra vane, and rest blade retains, then erects and be put into The basin of deep about 2cm clear water carries out moisturizing;By with the raw material of mass ratio before cuttage:The cuttage that 85% coconut palm chaff, 15% peat soil are prepared Matrix is filled with 12cm × 14cm nutrient bag, and the nutrient bag for filling cutting medium then is placed in into cutting bed, cuttage The previous day is carried out disinfection processing with 0.5% potassium permanganate;By the long positions of Alnus formosana Plantation 1~1.5cm of cuttings base portion in concentration during cuttage To be soaked 1~3 second in 300ppm CPD taking root liquids, then cuttings inserted in cutting medium, cuttage depth is 1~1.5cm, cuttage After drench root water, and sprayed blade faces with 80% 1000 times of aqueous solution of carbendazol wettable powder;The cuttings cuttage of Alnus formosana Plantation Afterwards, the sunshade net that shading rate is 80% is capped on cutting bed covered rearing with plastic film moisturizing, film, air humidity in cutting bed is kept For 90%, film ventilation, water drenching were opened every 7~8 days, cutting medium moistening is kept;And with 1000 times of yellow sodium bactericide of enemy or After the urea mixed solution of potassium dihydrogen phosphate+0.05% sprinkling of 80% 1000 times of aqueous solution+0.1% of carbendazol wettable powder, 0.5h Reseal plastic sheeting, upper lid shade net;After cuttage rooting is stable, plastic sheeting and shading screen are raised, seedling is then pressed Garden normal management, until growing up to complete Alnus formosana Plantation seedling.
This example autumn, 11~22 days cuttage root-taking time in winter, survival rate 100%, positive hat rate 98.5%.
Embodiment 2
Select 12 years raw standing forests in the dry-shaped straight, height of tree, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground more than standing forest mean stand height, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground more than 10% it is excellent Individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation is collected seed;December 1~3, the fruit of fine individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation is gathered, airing is treated in ventilation frescade After seed sheds, dried in the air 1~3 depending on dry weather situation, collect seed and installed with cloth bag, 2 are preserved under 5 DEG C of cryogenic conditions Month.Alnus Formosana Seed clear water edulcoration is taken out during Second Year sowing in 2 months, swelling is then sowed the seed of swelling with matter Amount compares raw material:Remove the sowing furrow that 20cm topsoil mountain soil 80%, fine sand 20% have mixed sowing media;Treat that seedling height has 2~3cm When, Alnus formosana Plantation sprigging in container, cultivate seedling;Select+1 standard deviation of semi-annual height of seedling > average height of seedling, seedling Ground diameter > seedlings+1 standard deviation of average ground diameter, nursery stock is upright, and terminal bud is obvious, the healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation super seedling of high-quality of no disease and pests harm As maternal plant, transplant in equipped with the raw material of mass ratio:Remove the mountain soil 85% after 20cm tables soil, pond sludge 10%, chicken manure stack retting material 3%th, in the nutrient bag for 16cm × 16cm that calcium magnesium phosphate 2% prepares maternal plant culture medium, furrow face is closely placed in, planting density reaches 90 plants/m2, root water is drenched after plantation, and keep ground moistening;The Russian import for applying that mass concentration is 0.6% is drenched in plantation for 15 days Composite fertilizer, after plantation 25 days, cutting strunk promotees to sprout at maternal plant spacing ground 12cm;Need, cutting further accordance with maternal plant sprout growth Do and ensure ground moistening before growing into 2cm length to coppice shoot, strict control water, promotes coppice shoot semi-lignified afterwards;Autumn, winter arid Every water drenching in 2~4 days once, spring, summer rainy season movement nutrient bag cut-out maternal plant root system control moisture, nutrient bag soil to weather It is half-dried, drench water once;4~6 batches of cuttings backsight maternal plant fertilizer deficiency situations of clip drench the Russia for applying mass concentration 0.5~0.8% Import composite fertilizer liquid manure is once;Depending on weather condition, the yellow sodium wettable powder of the enemy of sprinkling 80% according to a conventional method every 7~10 days 800~900 times of 800~900 times of aqueous solution of 800~900 times of aqueous solution or 85% zineb pulvis or 85% thiophanate methyl pulvis The aqueous solution, several medicaments want cross-reference diseases prevention, and broad spectrum disinfestation medicine desinsection is used during damaged by vermin;
Summer, clip is healthy and strong without disease pest from the female viviparous different length of Alnus formosana Plantation, and long 10~15cm, base portion half is wooden The one-level coppice shoot change, sprouted with terminal bud, from maternal plant trunk makees cuttings, and the cuttings of clip is put into the water of deep about 2.2cm clear water Basin carries out moisturizing, in the shade divests cuttings base portion 1~1.5cm length with intra vane, and rest blade retains, then erects and be put into The basin of deep 1.8cm clear water carries out moisturizing;True yellow cubsoil is filled with 8cm × 12cm nutrient bag before cuttage, then will The nutrient bag for filling cutting medium has been placed in spraying cooling facility and provided with high 1.8~2.0m shading sheds(Shading rate 90%) Cutting bed, cuttage the previous day carries out matrix with 0.5% potassium permanganate and disinfects;During cuttage by Alnus formosana Plantation cuttings base portion 1~ The long positions of 1.5cm are soaked 1~3 second in concentration is 250 times of state's light taking root liquid, then cuttings is inserted in cutting medium, and cuttage is deep Spend for 1~1.5cm, root water of being drenched after cuttage, and sprayed blade faces with 80% 1000 times of aqueous solution of carbendazol wettable powder; After the cuttings cuttage of Alnus formosana Plantation, cutting bed covered rearing with plastic film moisturizing is daily 11~15 points small every 1~1.5 before taking root The processing of the Shi Jinhang spray coolings of 15~20 minutes, it is 90% to keep air humidity in cutting bed;Film was opened every 7~8 days to change Gas, water drenching, keep cutting medium moistening, and oppose yellow sodium bactericide or 80% 1000 times of carbendazol wettable powder with 1000 times Plastic sheeting, upper lid are resealed after the urea mixed solution of potassium dihydrogen phosphate+0.05% sprinkling of the aqueous solution+0.1%, 0.5h to shelter from heat or light Net;After cuttage rooting is stable, plastic sheeting and shading screen are raised, then by nursery normal management, until growing up to complete Alnus formosana Plantation seedling.
7~10 days this example cuttage root-taking time summer, survival rate 98.5%, positive hat rate 97.9%.
Embodiment 3:
Select 13 years raw standing forests in the dry-shaped straight, height of tree, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground more than standing forest mean stand height, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground more than 10% it is excellent Individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation is collected seed;December 15~17, gather the fruit of fine individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation, airing in ventilation frescade, After seed sheds, dried in the air 1~3 depending on dry weather situation, collect seed and installed with cloth bag, 8 are preserved under 6 DEG C of cryogenic conditions Individual month.Take out Alnus Formosana Seed clear water edulcoration when Second Year August is sowed, swelling, then the sowing of the seed of swelling with Quality compares raw material:Yellow soil 50%, coconut palm chaff 50% have mixed the sowing furrow of sowing media;When seedling height has 2~3cm, Taiwan Alder sprigging cultivates seedling in container;+ 1 standard deviation of semi-annual height of seedling > average height of seedling, seedling ground diameter > seedlings is selected to put down Equal+1 standard deviation of ground diameter, nursery stock is upright, terminal bud substantially, the healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation super seedling of high-quality of no disease and pests harm as maternal plant, Transplant in equipped with the raw material of mass ratio:True yellow cubsoil 85%, pond sludge 10%, chicken manure stack retting material 3%, calcium magnesium phosphate 2% prepare maternal plant In 18cm × 18cm of culture medium nutrient bag, furrow face is closely placed in, planting density is up to 80 plants/m2, drenched after plantation and determine root Water, and keep ground moistening;The Russian import composite fertilizer for applying that mass concentration is 0.6% is drenched in plantation for 15 days, after plantation 30 days, Cutting strunk promotees to sprout at maternal plant spacing ground 15cm;Further accordance with maternal plant sprout growth need, cutting strunk to coppice shoot grow into 2cm length it Preceding guarantee ground moistening, strict control water, promotes coppice shoot semi-lignified afterwards;Autumn, winter dry weather were every water drenching one in 2~4 days Secondary, spring, summer rainy season movement nutrient bag cut-out maternal plant root system control moisture, nutrient bag soil are half-dried, drench water once;Cut 4~6 batches of cuttings backsight maternal plant fertilizer deficiency situations pouring are taken to apply the Russian import composite fertilizer liquid manure of mass concentration 0.5~0.8% once; Depending on weather condition, every 7~10 days yellow 800~900 times of aqueous solution of sodium wettable powder of the enemy of sprinkling 80% according to a conventional method or 800~900 times of aqueous solution of 85% 800~900 times of the zineb pulvis aqueous solution or 85% thiophanate methyl pulvis, several medicaments will be handed over Fork uses diseases prevention, and broad spectrum disinfestation medicine desinsection is used during damaged by vermin;
Spring, clip is healthy and strong without disease pest from the female viviparous different length of Alnus formosana Plantation, and long 8~10cm, base portion half is wooden The one-level coppice shoot change, sprouted with terminal bud, from maternal plant trunk makees cuttings, and the basin that the cuttings of clip is put into deep 2cm clear water enters Row moisturizing, is in the shade divested cuttings base portion 1~1.5cm length with intra vane, and rest blade retains, then erect be put into it is deep about The basin of 2cm clear water carries out moisturizing;By with the raw material of mass ratio before cuttage:The cutting medium that 50% coconut palm chaff, 50% yellow soil are prepared Filled with 10cm × 12cm nutrient bag, the nutrient bag for filling cutting medium is then placed in cutting bed, cuttage is previous Its processing that carried out disinfection with 0.5% potassium permanganate;It is in concentration by the long positions of Alnus formosana Plantation 1~1.5cm of cuttings base portion during cuttage Soaked 1~3 second in the taking root liquid of No. 300ppmGGR6, then cuttings is inserted in cutting medium, cuttage depth is 1~1.5cm, cuttage After drench root water, and sprayed blade faces with 80% 1000 times of aqueous solution of carbendazol wettable powder;The cuttings cuttage of Alnus formosana Plantation Afterwards, the sunshade net that shading rate is 80% is capped on cutting bed covered rearing with plastic film moisturizing, film, air humidity in cutting bed is kept For 85%, film ventilation, water drenching were opened every 7~8 days, cutting medium moistening is kept;And with 1000 times of yellow sodium bactericide of enemy or After the urea mixed solution of potassium dihydrogen phosphate+0.05% sprinkling of 80% 1000 times of aqueous solution+0.1% of carbendazol wettable powder, 0.5h Reseal plastic sheeting, upper lid shade net;After cuttage rooting is stable, plastic sheeting and shading screen are raised, seedling is then pressed Garden normal management, until growing up to complete Alnus formosana Plantation seedling.
10~14 days this example spring cuttage root-taking time, survival rate 99.2%, nursery stock just hat rate 98.3%.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of method that four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation is preced with Alnus formosana Plantation control partially, including fine individual plant selection, seed collecting seeding and seedling raising, maternal plant Process is managed after cultivation, cuttings collection, cuttings cuttage and cuttage, it is characterised in that:By selecting the excellent of 10 years raw above standing forests Good individual plant, gather seed seeding and seedling raising, therefrom select excellent healthy and strong super nursery stock transplanting to make maternal plant culture in nutrient bag, away from Ground 10~15cm eminences promote to sprout to maternal plant cutting strunk, cultivate high-quality coppice shoot and make cuttings, cuttings after processing cuttage in having installed skewer The nutrient bag for inserting matrix is cultivated, so as to obtain the excellent healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation cuttage seeding of high-volume, concrete operation step is as follows:
(1) fine individual plant selects:The fine individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation in 10 years raw above standing forests is selected to collect seed;
(2) seed collecting seeding and seedling raising:11~December in Alnus formosana Plantation fructescence, the fruit of fine individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation is gathered Real, airing after seed sheds, is dried in the air 1~3 in ventilation frescade depending on dry weather situation, is collected seed and is installed with cloth bag, Preserve for 1~October under 4~6 DEG C of cryogenic conditions;
Take out Alnus Formosana Seed clear water edulcoration during sowing, the sowing of the seed of swelling is then sowed base having mixed by swelling The sowing furrow of matter;When seedling height has 2~3cm, Alnus formosana Plantation sprigging in container, seedling is cultivated;
(3) cuttage maternal plant is cultivated:The healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation super seedling of semi-annual high-quality is selected as maternal plant, is transplanted in equipped with preparing In 14~18 cm × 14~18cm of maternal plant culture medium nutrient bag, furrow face is closely placed in, planting density is up to 80~100 Strain/m2, root water is drenched after plantation, and keep ground moistening;Plantation pouring in 15 days is applied the Russian import that mass concentration is 0.6% and answered Hefei, after plantation 20~30 days, cutting strunk promotees to sprout at maternal plant spacing 10~15cm of ground;Needed further accordance with maternal plant sprout growth Strict control liquid manure;Depending on weather condition, every 7~10 days according to a conventional method the fenaminosulf wettable powder 800 of sprinkling 80%~ 800~1000 times of water of 800~1000 times of aqueous solution of 1000 times of aqueous solution or 85% zineb pulvis or 85% thiophanate methyl pulvis Solution, several medicaments want cross-reference diseases prevention, and broad spectrum disinfestation medicine desinsection is used during damaged by vermin;
(4) cuttings is gathered:Various Seasonal, clip makees cuttings from the female viviparous different length high-quality coppice shoot of Alnus formosana Plantation, will cut The basin that the cuttings taken is put into deep 1.8~2.2cm clear water carries out moisturizing, in the shade by within cuttings base portion 1~1.5cm length Blade is divested, and rest blade retains, then erects the basin progress moisturizing for being put into deep 1.8~2.2cm clear water;
(5) cuttage:The cutting medium prepared is filled with 8~12cm × 12~14cm nutrient bag before cuttage, then will The nutrient bag for filling cutting medium is placed in cutting bed, and cuttage the previous day is carried out disinfection processing with 0.5% potassium permanganate;Cuttage When the Alnus formosana Plantation long positions of 1~1.5cm of cuttings base portion are soaked in concentration is 200~300 times or 200~300ppm taking root liquid 1~3 second, then cuttings is inserted in cutting medium, cuttage depth was 1~1.5cm, root water of being drenched after cuttage, and with 80% it is many 1000 times of aqueous solution spraying blade faces of bacterium spirit wettable powder;
(6) managed after cuttage:After the cuttings cuttage of Alnus formosana Plantation, cutting bed covered rearing with plastic film moisturizing, according to Various Seasonal Temperature Features, take different modes to cover sunshade net, and it is 85~95% to keep air humidity in cutting bed, and modeling was opened every 7 days Expect film ventilation, water drenching, keep cutting medium moistening;And with 1000 times of fenaminosulf bactericide or 80% carbendazim wettable powder The urea mixed solution of potassium dihydrogen phosphate+0.05% sprinkling of 1000 times of aqueous solution+0.1% of agent, reseal after 0.5h plastic sheeting, on Lid sunshade net;After cuttage rooting is stable, plastic sheeting and sunshade net are raised, then by nursery normal management, until growing up to Complete Alnus formosana Plantation seedling.
2. the method that four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation is preced with a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control according to claim 1 partially, it is characterised in that:Step (1)Described in fine individual plant Alnus formosana Plantation refer to the dry-shaped straight, height of tree, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground exceed standing forest mean stand height, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground more than 10% Fine individual plant.
3. the method that four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation is preced with a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control according to claim 1 partially, it is characterised in that:Step (2)Described sowing media is to be well mixed to be formulated by the raw material of following mass ratio, wherein:Yellow soil 80%+ fine sands 20%, Or remove the mountain soil 80%+ fine sands 20% of 20cm topsoil, or yellow soil 50%+ coconut palm chaffs 50%.
4. the method that four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation is preced with a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control according to claim 1 partially, it is characterised in that:Step (3)Described in the healthy and strong Alnus formosana Plantation super seedling of semi-annual high-quality refer to:+ 1 standard deviation of height of seedling > average height of seedling, seedling ground diameter > Seedling+1 standard deviation of average ground diameter, nursery stock is upright, and terminal bud is obvious, the healthy and strong nursery stock of no disease and pests harm.
5. the method that four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation is preced with a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control according to claim 1 partially, it is characterised in that:Step (3)Described in maternal plant culture medium be formulated by following mass ratio is well mixed, wherein:Yellow soil removes 20cm tables soil Mountain soil 85% afterwards, pond sludge 10%, chicken manure stack retting material 3%, calcium magnesium phosphate 2%.
6. the method that four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation is preced with a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control according to claim 1 partially, it is characterised in that:Step (3)Described in strict control liquid manure refer to:Ensure ground moistening before growing into 2cm length to coppice shoot after cutting strunk, afterwards strictly Water is controlled, promotes coppice shoot semi-lignified;Every water drenching in 2~4 days once, spring, rainy season in summer move nutrient bag to autumn and winter dry weather Maternal plant root system control moisture is cut off, nutrient bag soil is half-dried, drenches water once;4~6 batches of cuttings backsight maternal plant fertilizer deficiency feelings of clip Condition pouring applies the Russian import composite fertilizer liquid manure of mass concentration 0.5~0.8% once.
7. the method that four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation is preced with a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control according to claim 1 partially, it is characterised in that:Step (4)Described in different length high-quality coppice shoot refer to stalwartness without disease pest, autumn and winter 5~8cm of length, spring and summer 10~12cm of length, base Portion's semi-lignified, the one-level coppice shoot sprouted with terminal bud, from maternal plant trunk.
8. the method that four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation is preced with a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control according to claim 1 partially, it is characterised in that:Step (5)Described in cutting medium be formulated by following mass ratio is well mixed, wherein:True yellow cubsoil or coconut palm chaff 85%+ peat soils 15%。
9. the method that four seasons cuttage and quick-propagation is preced with a kind of Alnus formosana Plantation control according to claim 1 partially, it is characterised in that:Step (6)Described in cover that sunshade net refers to spring, autumn, directly covering shading rate is on winter plastic sheeting according to Various Seasonal mode 80% sunshade net, summer use shading rate for 90% sunshade net, if overhead height is 1.5~2 meters of cool canopy shading.
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