CN107182621A - Agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method - Google Patents

Agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107182621A
CN107182621A CN201710396320.7A CN201710396320A CN107182621A CN 107182621 A CN107182621 A CN 107182621A CN 201710396320 A CN201710396320 A CN 201710396320A CN 107182621 A CN107182621 A CN 107182621A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
water
drip irrigation
irrigation pipe
round platform
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Granted
Application number
CN201710396320.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107182621B (en
Inventor
纪晶
胡彩旗
刘玉高
李胜多
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Priority claimed from CN2017100305840 external-priority
Application filed by Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical Qingdao Agricultural University
Publication of CN107182621A publication Critical patent/CN107182621A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107182621B publication Critical patent/CN107182621B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • A01G25/023Dispensing fittings for drip irrigation, e.g. drippers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1476Greenhouse gutters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • A01G9/227Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like rolled up during non-use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • A01M7/0042Field sprayers, e.g. self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0089Regulating or controlling systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/18Self-organising networks, e.g. ad-hoc networks or sensor networks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G2025/006Tubular drip irrigation dispensers mounted coaxially within water feeding tubes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method.Agricultural greenhouse system includes building greenhouse on the ground and the drip irrigation pipe being arranged in greenhouse, polylith hollow plate glass is provided with the top of greenhouse, the bottom of hollow plate glass is provided with water leg, and the bottom of greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank, water leg is connected with water tank, and water tank is connected with drip irrigation pipe;Drip irrigation pipe is buried in subsurface, drip irrigation pipe includes water pipe and multiple column drippers, multiple delivery ports are offered on water pipe, helical groove is formed with the inner tubal wall of column dripper, osculum is offered on the outer wall of column dripper, osculum is connected with helical groove, column dripper is enclosed on the outside of water pipe, helical buffer passage is formed between helical groove and the outer tube wall of water pipe, delivery port is connected with helical buffer passage;The lower edges of greenhouse are provided with coaming, and the bottom of coaming is embedded in below ground, and coaming is located at the top of drip irrigation pipe.

Description

Agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural greenhouse system irrigation technique field, more particularly to a kind of agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening Method.
Background technology
At present, agricultural greenhouse system planting technology is widely promoted, and agricultural greenhouse system coordinates drip irrigation technique to turn into mesh The trend of preceding environmental protection agricultural development.Drip irrigation pipe is typically laid on the earth's surface of greenhouse, and drip irrigation pipe generally includes water pipe and water dropper, Water dropper is arranged on the inner tubal wall of water pipe, the water formed between water dropper and water pipe in turbulent flow passageway, water pipe by turbulent flow passageway from The delivery port discharge of water pipe.But, in actual use, because drip irrigation pipe contacts ground, silt is easily accessible water outlet In mouthful, and the turbulent flow passageway of water dropper is because size is small and there is more roundabout, turning, dead angle, easily, it is easy to by from delivery port The silt entered blocks and causes the water dropper to fail, and the crops of corresponding section can not obtain the water supply of abundance and influence life It is long, cause the use reliability of drip irrigation pipe relatively low.A kind of high drip irrigation pipe of use reliability how is designed to improve agricultural greenhouse Use reliability be the technical problems to be solved by the invention.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are:A kind of agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method are provided, realization is carried The use reliability of high agricultural greenhouse system, to obtain product best in quality.
The technical scheme that the present invention is provided is:A kind of agricultural greenhouse system, including build greenhouse on the ground and set Put and polylith hollow plate glass, the bottom of the hollow plate glass are provided with the top of the drip irrigation pipe in the greenhouse, the greenhouse Portion is provided with water leg, and the bottom of the greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank, and the water leg is connected with the water tank, the water tank with The drip irrigation pipe connection;The drip irrigation pipe is buried in subsurface, and the drip irrigation pipe includes water pipe and multiple column drippers, the water Offered on pipe and helical groove is formed with multiple delivery ports, the inner tubal wall of the column dripper, outside the column dripper Osculum is offered on wall, the osculum is connected with the helical groove, the column dripper is enclosed on the outer of the water pipe Helical buffer passage, the delivery port and the spiral are formed between the outer tube wall of portion, the helical groove and the water pipe Buffer channel is connected;The lower edges of the greenhouse are provided with coaming, the bottom of the coaming be embedded in ground with Under, the coaming is located at the top of the drip irrigation pipe.
Further, the aperture of the osculum is gradually reduced from inside to outside.
Further, automatic control flow controller is additionally provided with the osculum, the automatic control flow controller includes the first trapezoidal circle The side wall of platform, connecting rod, spring and the second trapezoidal round platform, the first trapezoidal round platform and the second trapezoidal round platform is provided with A plurality of current groove, the size of the first trapezoidal round platform is less than the size of second bucking ladder, and the connecting rod is fixed on On the first trapezoidal round platform, the second trapezoidal round platform is slidably disposed in the connecting rod, and the spring is arranged on Between the first trapezoidal round platform and the second trapezoidal round platform;The first trapezoidal round platform is stuck in the osculum, described The current groove on first trapezoidal round platform and form exhalant canal between the hole wall of the osculum.
Further, the cross sectional shape of the helical groove is trapezoidal, triangle, rectangle or semicircle.
Further, the agricultural greenhouse system also includes controller and supply-water pump, and the water tank passes through the supply-water pump It is connected with the drip irrigation pipe, the upper and lower part of the drip irrigation pipe is correspondingly arranged on humidity sensor and lower humidity sensor; The upper humidity sensor, lower humidity sensor and the supply-water pump are connected with the controller respectively;The upper humidity sensor Device and the lower humidity sensor are embedded in subsurface.
Further, in addition to air pump, the drip irrigation pipe is connected with the air pump and the water pump respectively by mixing valve, The air pump and the mixing valve are connected with the controller respectively.
Further, the greenhouse is internally provided with the temperature sensor being connected with the controller, and the greenhouse is set There is switchable ventilating opening.
The present invention also provides a kind of greenhouse gardening method, using above-mentioned agricultural greenhouse system;Methods described includes:It is initial to plant The pattern of kind and conventional cultivation pattern;
The initial cropping pattern, be specially:Greenhouse is built on the ground and set around greenhouse inside coaming, greenhouse Digging groove buries drip irrigation pipe and simultaneously plants crops, also, crops Root Distribution around drip irrigation pipe, wherein, in dash The upper soil layer that the soil in greenhouse is located at earth's surface is caused to be in dry exsiccosis in the presence of enclosure wall;
The conventional cultivation pattern, be specially:In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting Value, then control water pump that the water in water tank is input in drip irrigation pipe, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting value, Then need to stop water pump water supply.
Further, the conventional cultivation pattern also includes:The humidity value detected in lower humidity sensor is less than setting value When, the first gas that is passed through into drip irrigation pipe carries out processing of loosening the soil, then, then is supplied water by water pump to drip irrigation pipe.
Compared with prior art, advantages and positive effects of the present invention are:Agricultural greenhouse system that the present invention is provided and big Canopy implantation methods, by the way that column dripper to be enclosed on to the outside of water pipe, and utilize the helical groove on column dripper and water pipe Helical buffer passage is formed between outer tube wall, helical buffer passage substitutes turbulent flow passageway and realizes that water flow speed reduction is buffered, and due to spiral shell Revolve buffer channel generally helical structure be not present roundabout, turning, dead angle, can effectively avoid bulky grain thing it is roundabout, turn Precipitation and accumulation at angle, dead angle, avoid blocking from flow principles, and reliability is used so as to effective raising.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are this hairs Some bright embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, can be with Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the partial sectional view of drip irrigation pipe in agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of column dripper in agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of automatic control flow controller in agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
As Figure 1-Figure 5, the present embodiment agricultural greenhouse system, including greenhouse 1, battery(It is not shown)And controller (It is not shown), the top of the greenhouse 1 is provided with polylith hollow plate glass 12, and hollow plate glass 12 described in polylith forms described big Photovoltaic generation film 10 is provided with the transparent surface of canopy 1, the part hollow plate glass 12, per two pieces of adjacent photovoltaic hairs Conductive film 10 is staggered;Greenhouse 1 be internally provided with the drip irrigation pipe 2 for being buried in subsurface, the water pipe of drip irrigation pipe 2 offer it is many It is formed with helical groove 213, the outer wall of the column dripper 21 and opens up on individual delivery port 20, the inner tubal wall of column dripper 21 There is osculum 212, the osculum 212 is connected with the helical groove 213, and the column dripper 21 is enclosed on the drip irrigation pipe Helical buffer passage is formed between the outer tube wall of the water pipe of the outside of 2 water pipes, the helical groove 213 and the drip irrigation pipe 2 200, the delivery port 20 is connected with the helical buffer passage 200;The bottom of the hollow plate glass 12 is provided with water leg 13, the bottom of the greenhouse 1 is additionally provided with water tank 3, and the water leg 13 is connected with the water tank 2, and the water tank 3 is by supplying water Pump(It is not shown)It is connected with the drip irrigation pipe 2, the water pump is connected with the controller;The side wall of the greenhouse 1 is provided with very Empty warming plate(It is not shown), the lower edges of the greenhouse are provided with coaming 4, and the bottom of the coaming 4 is embedded in Below ground, the coaming 4 is located at the top of the drip irrigation pipe 2, and the top edge of every piece of hollow plate glass 12 is set There is shower(It is not shown), the shower passes through cleaning pump(It is not shown)It is connected with the water tank 3.
Specifically, drip irrigation pipe 2 is set in outside the column dripper that the drip irrigation pipe 2 in the present embodiment agricultural greenhouse system is used Outside water pipe, column dripper 21 can by the way of the sweat soldering outside be set in outside the water pipe of drip irrigation pipe 2, in column dripper 21 Helical groove 213 and drip irrigation pipe 2 pipe outer wall formation helical buffer passage 200, helical buffer passage 200 substitutes existing The turbulent flow passageway of water dropper formation, because helical buffer passage 200 is distributed in the periphery of drip irrigation pipe 2, can effectively increase in technology The length of long spire buffer channel 200, is conducive to consumption current ability and reduces hydraulic pressure, so as to pass through helical buffer passage 200 The effect of turbulent flow passageway is realized, and helical buffer passage 200 increases stream course, power consumption is big, so helical groove 213 can With more much bigger than traditional interior edge column dripper size(Conventional size:0.5-1.2mm, the size of column dripper 21 of the present invention:2 ~ 6mm, meanwhile, osculum 212 also can wide-bore), it is often more important that, the stroke of helical buffer passage 200 is without roundabout, turning, dead Angle, it is to avoid precipitation and accumulation of the bulky grain thing at roundabout, turning, dead angle, avoids blocking from flow principles.Wherein, spiral shell The one end of rotation shape groove 213 is set to intake chamber 211, and intake chamber 211 is oppositely arranged with delivery port 20 so that water pipe conveying Water is flowed into the helical buffer passage 200 of the formation of helical groove 213 via delivery port 20 and intake chamber 211, in addition, in order to enter One step improves anti-clogging, and the aperture of the osculum 212 is gradually reduced from inside to outside, also, is additionally provided with osculum 212 Automatic control flow controller 22, it is trapezoidal that the automatic control flow controller 22 includes the first trapezoidal round platform 221, connecting rod 223, spring 224 and second The side wall of round platform 222, the first trapezoidal round platform 221 and the second trapezoidal round platform 222 is provided with a plurality of current groove(Not Diagram), the size of the first trapezoidal round platform 221 is less than the size of second bucking ladder 222, and the connecting rod 223 is fixed On the described first trapezoidal round platform 221, the second trapezoidal round platform 222 is slidably disposed in the connecting rod 223, described Spring 224 is arranged between the described first trapezoidal round platform 221 and the second trapezoidal round platform 222;The first trapezoidal round platform 221 It is stuck in the osculum 212, the hole wall of the current groove on the first trapezoidal round platform 221 and the osculum 212 Between form exhalant canal.Specifically, the hole wall formation water outlet of the current groove and osculum 212 on the first trapezoidal round platform 221 Passage, the water of water pipe conveying is discharged eventually through exhalant canal, and when exhalant canal is blocked by silt, can pass through pressing the One trapezoidal round platform 221 is allowed to loosen, and the silt in exhalant canal just can be discharged along current, thus solve in the prior art certain The problem of can not being repaired after place's emitter clogging;Meanwhile, the second trapezoidal round platform 222 can be under by different size of water pressures again Moved in connecting rod 223, so as to change the water outlet space size between the first trapezoidal bucking ladder 222 of round platform 221 and second, hydraulic pressure During increase, the end face of the second bucking ladder 222 compression spring 224 under hydraulic pressure effect is moved, and makes the first trapezoidal ladder of round platform 221 and second The hydrospace that goes out that shape platform 222 is formed with osculum 212 diminishes, thus outflow diminishes, and realization is automatically adjusted to hydraulic pressure shakiness; Conversely, when hydraulic pressure becomes small, spring will cause the second bucking ladder 222 to move backward, the trapezoidal ladder of round platform 221 and second of increase first Shape platform 222 goes out during hydrospace, whole drip irrigation with the formation of osculum 212, and the automatic control flow controller is set up with water pressure fluctuations Dynamic balance state.
And be arranged on photovoltaic generation film 10 on the transparent surface of greenhouse 1, photovoltaic generation film 10 uses what is be staggered Mode is arranged, and because the direction of illumination of the sun on daytime constantly changes, the photovoltaic generation film 10 being staggered may insure The crops in diverse location region result in enough illumination in greenhouse 1, it is preferred that photovoltaic generation film 10 uses amorphous Body thin film solar cell, non-crystal thin film solar cell has printing opacity effect, can transmit outside feux rouges and blue light To inside greenhouse 1, the illumination required for plant growth is met, and because photovoltaic generation film 10 is directly arranged at the saturating of greenhouse 1 Smooth surface, can effectively increase the area of photovoltaic generation film 10, improve generated energy.The electric energy that photovoltaic generation film 10 is produced is deposited Storage is in battery, controller control associated appliance part powered operation.Wherein, the side wall of greenhouse 1 is entered using vacuum heat-insulation plate Row insulation, vacuum heat-insulation plate has good heat-insulating property, and the top of greenhouse 1 uses hollow plate glass 12, hollow plate glass 12 may insure that the top of greenhouse 1 has good heat-insulating property, so that night in the winter time is realized, without user on greenhouse 1 Heat holding curtain is covered, in addition, the transparent surface of greenhouse 1 is spliced to form using polylith hollow plate glass 12, the use of hollow plate glass 12 Life-span is longer, can avoid the trouble for being needed often replacing using transparent membrane and being brought.And covering below ground in greenhouse 1 Drip irrigation pipe 2 is buried, and the collection rainwater of water leg 13 is additionally provided with the transparent surface of greenhouse 1 and is stored in water tank 3, is needing to irrigate When, controller control water pump is powered, and the water in water tank 3 is transported in drip irrigation pipe 2 by water pump, directly to the Crop Root in soil It is to be irrigated.Find in actual use, because drip irrigation pipe 2 is in the depth position of the root system 101 of below ground crops 100 Water supply is put, the water exported from drip irrigation pipe 2 flows downward under gravity, and the root system 101 of crops 100 has hydrotropism, it is deep Layer soil moisture is more, can attract the root system 101 of crops 100 can be deeper to striking root into the ground so that crops 100 can With more vigorous state growth, agricultural product best in quality are obtained, while the water that it also avoid the output of drip irrigation pipe 2 is largely steamed Hair, reduces water consumption.And for the earth's surface inside greenhouse 1, due to the supply without moisture, the soil layer of earth's surface is chronically at dry Dry state so that being grown in the weeds of earth's surface can not survive, and reduce the labor intensity of peasant household's weeding.And in order to improve vacuum The translucency of glass plate 12, the top edge of every piece of hollow plate glass 12 is provided with shower, and the shower passes through cleaning Pump(It is not shown)It is connected with the water tank 3, in actual use, hollow plate glass 12 can cause printing opacity because of factors such as dusts Property decline, now, by cleaning pump by water under high pressure inject shower in shower nozzle by the surface of hollow plate glass 12 Cleaned, and the water circulated from hollow plate glass 12 flow back into water leg 13, and water tank 3 is back flowed back into by water leg 13 Middle recycling, the import of water leg 13 or water tank 3 as needed is provided with screen pack, is entered with filtering miscellaneous in water tank 3 Matter.It is preferred that, the present embodiment photovoltaic Ecological Greenhouse system also includes air pump(It is not shown), the drip irrigation pipe 2 passes through mixing valve point It is not connected with the air pump and the water pump, the air pump and the mixing valve are connected with the controller respectively, specifically, In actual use, in order that the oxygen content obtained at the position of root system 101 of crops 100 is improved, it can be made by mixing valve Obtain water pump and air pump is connected with drip irrigation pipe 2 simultaneously, while drip irrigation pipe 2 supplies water, the appropriate air that can produce air pump is defeated In the soil for delivering to lower floor, vegetated with the root system 101 for being more beneficial for crops 100;It is of course also possible to as needed first Ventilation, in conveying water, is not limited herein.
In order to ensure the surface soil layer in greenhouse 1 is all the time in dry state, it is to avoid the external world rain etc. factor cause it is outer Boundary's water is flowed into greenhouse 1, and the lower edges of the greenhouse 1 are provided with coaming 4, and the bottom of the coaming 4 is buried In below ground, the coaming 4 is located at the top of the drip irrigation pipe 2.Specifically, coaming 4 is by the ground inside greenhouse 1 The pedosphere of certain depth gets up to be isolated from the outside out under table, in the presence of coaming 4, can stop outside greenhouse 1 Rainwater is from earth's surface penetrates into the surface soil layer in greenhouse 1, so that it is guaranteed that the earth's surface inside greenhouse 1 keeps drying the shape of arid In state, the so plant growing process in greenhouse 1, root system of the drip irrigation pipe 2 under earth's surface directly to crops 100 is utilized 101 supply water, and to ensure that earth's surface is in the state of arid, the weeds of earth's surface are difficult germination or existence due to water shortage, while dry Earth's surface causes the humidity of the inner space of greenhouse 1 to be maintained at relatively low level, so that bacterium insects are difficult on crops 100 Growth and breeding, can substantially reduce the usage amount of agricultural chemicals, meanwhile, it can prevent to use herbicide, largely be worked without expending Power removes artificial weeding, reaches the purpose of environmental protection plantation;Meanwhile, it is ventilative that dry earth's surface can be easy to peasant household to dig, can be with Greatly improve the quality of agricultural product.Coaming 4 is embedded in the depth in soil in the present embodiment, according to local weeds species root system Grow depth to determine, be unsatisfactory for the requirement of weed growth to ensure that earth's surface dries the depth of soil layer and be defined, and the burial of drip irrigation pipe 2 Depth, depending on the growth depth of the root system 101 of crops 100, and because the growth depth of the root system 101 of crops 100 is greater than The growth depth of weeds root system, so that drip irrigation pipe 2 can only supply water to crops 100, ensures the specific depth of earth's surface all the time The state that soil layer keeps arid is spent, the present embodiment is not limited the height dimension of coaming 4, the burying depth size of drip irrigation pipe 2 System.
Further, in order to realize that automatic irrigation is planted, the output for more accurately controlling drip irrigation pipe 2, institute are realized The upper and lower part for stating drip irrigation pipe 2 is correspondingly arranged on humidity sensor 51 and lower humidity sensor 52, the upper humidity sensor Device 51, lower humidity sensor 52 are connected with the controller respectively;The upper humidity sensor 51 and the lower humidity sensor 52 are embedded in subsurface.Specifically, during proportion of crop planting, the inside soil digging groove of greenhouse 1 bury drip irrigation pipe 2, under it is wet The root system 101 of sensor 52 and crops 100 is spent, during being buried, then upper humidity sensor 51 upper strata is buried in In soil, and during actual irrigation, judge whether to need drip irrigation pipe 2 by lower humidity sensor 52 detects the humidity value of surrounding Water supply irrigation is carried out, and during irrigation, if the humidity that upper humidity sensor 51 is detected is more than setting value, stops drop Fill pipe 2 to continue to irrigate, to ensure that earth's surface is in drying regime, and the root system 101 of crops 100 results in optimal moisture and supplied Ying Liang.It is preferred that, the level switch being connected with the controller is provided with water tank 3(It is not shown), rainy season amount of rainfall compared with In the case of big, when the water that level switch is detected in water tank 3 reaches highest moisture storage capacity, then start water pump by unnecessary rain Water is transported in other containers and kept in, and meets the water supply requirement of Various Seasonal rainfall skewness.
In addition, the greenhouse 1 is internally provided with the temperature sensor being connected with the controller(It is not shown), the greenhouse 1 is provided with switchable ventilating opening 14, specifically, can monitor the temperature in greenhouse 1 in real time by temperature sensor, works as greenhouse When temperature in 1 is too high, crops fast-growth will be influenceed, then there is controller to control greenhouse 1 to open ventilating opening.When in greenhouse 1 Temperature it is too low when, also will influence crops fast-growth, then by controller control greenhouse 1 close ventilating opening, in good time insulation.It is excellent Choosing, in order to effectively extend the photosynthesis time of crops, switchable solar protection devices is additionally provided with the top of greenhouse 1 (It is not shown), solar protection devices will coordinate light sensor(It is not shown), sunlight strength highest period at noon, because illumination is strong Spending can cause crops to stop photosynthesis on the contrary by force, after the light intensity that light sensor is detected is more than setting value, control Device control solar protection devices processed, which is opened, covers in greenhouse 1, the light intensity in reduction greenhouse 1, so that the crops in greenhouse 1 Proceed photosynthesis, reach that the nutrition of crops is more enriched, quality is more preferable.And solar protection devices can be sunshade net, screening The sun-shading equipment such as anode membrane or sunshading board.
The present invention also provides a kind of greenhouse gardening method, using above-mentioned agricultural greenhouse system;Methods described includes:It is initial to plant The pattern of kind and conventional cultivation pattern;
The initial cropping pattern, be specially:Greenhouse is built on the ground and set around greenhouse inside coaming, greenhouse Digging groove buries drip irrigation pipe and simultaneously plants crops, also, crops Root Distribution around drip irrigation pipe, wherein, in dash The upper soil layer that the soil in greenhouse is located at earth's surface is caused to be in dry exsiccosis in the presence of enclosure wall.Specifically, greenhouse is being built If during, coaming just is formed in the bottom of greenhouse, after greenhouse is built well, just digging groove lays drip irrigation pipe inside greenhouse Humidity sensor and plantation crops.
The conventional cultivation pattern, be specially:In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than Setting value, then control water pump that the water in water tank is input in drip irrigation pipe, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting During value, then need to stop water pump water supply.Specifically, having been planted in greenhouse after crops, it just can carry out conventional water supply and plant Training, and specific output can adjust the trigger value of humidity sensor according to the requirements of variety classes crops, so as to Realize and more accurately crops are supplied water.It is preferred that, the gas permeability for keeping soil good for crops is growth cyclopentadienyl The key factor of Sheng, therefore, during water supply, when the humidity value of humidity sensor detection instantly is less than setting value, farming Soil around thing root system is in the state of relatively dry, at this point it is possible to gas is first passed through into drip irrigation pipe carries out processing of loosening the soil, Then, then by water pump supplied water to drip irrigation pipe, to the soil aeration of underground, reduce soil hardening, be conducive to water conservation, fertilizer conservation, lead to Gas and promotion root system development, provide comfortable growing environment, it is possible to achieve be unable to reach in conventional agriculture plantation for crops Effect, and due to the well developed root system of crops, this make it that the fruit of the growth of crops is more excellent.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of agricultural greenhouse system, including greenhouse on the ground and the drip irrigation pipe being arranged in the greenhouse are built, its It is characterised by, polylith hollow plate glass is provided with the top of the greenhouse, and the bottom of the hollow plate glass is provided with water leg, The bottom of the greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank, and the water leg is connected with the water tank, and the water tank is connected with the drip irrigation pipe; The drip irrigation pipe is buried in subsurface, and the drip irrigation pipe includes offering on water pipe and multiple column drippers, the water pipe multiple It is formed with delivery port, the inner tubal wall of the column dripper on helical groove, the outer wall of the column dripper and offers draining Hole, the osculum is connected with the helical groove, and the column dripper is enclosed on the outside of the water pipe, and the helical form is recessed Helical buffer passage is formed between the outer tube wall of groove and the water pipe, the delivery port is connected with the helical buffer passage;Institute The lower edges for stating greenhouse are provided with coaming, and the bottom of the coaming is embedded in below ground, the coaming Positioned at the top of the drip irrigation pipe.
2. agricultural greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the aperture of the osculum is from inside to outside gradually Reduce.
3. agricultural greenhouse system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that automatic control throttling is additionally provided with the osculum Device, the automatic control flow controller includes the first trapezoidal round platform, connecting rod, spring and the second trapezoidal round platform, the first trapezoidal round platform A plurality of current groove is provided with the side wall of the described second trapezoidal round platform, and the size of the first trapezoidal round platform is less than described the The size of two bucking ladders, the connecting rod is fixed on the described first trapezoidal round platform, and the second trapezoidal round platform is slidably set Put in the connecting rod, the spring is arranged between the described first trapezoidal round platform and the second trapezoidal round platform;Described One trapezoidal round platform is stuck in the osculum, the hole wall of the current groove on the first trapezoidal round platform and the osculum Between form exhalant canal.
4. agricultural greenhouse system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the cross sectional shape of the helical groove is ladder Shape, triangle, rectangle or semicircle.
5. the agricultural greenhouse system stated according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the agricultural greenhouse system also include controller and Supply-water pump, the water tank is connected by the supply-water pump with the drip irrigation pipe, and the upper and lower part of the drip irrigation pipe is correspondingly arranged There are upper humidity sensor and lower humidity sensor;The upper humidity sensor, lower humidity sensor and the supply-water pump respectively with The controller connection;The upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor are embedded in subsurface.
6. the agricultural greenhouse system stated according to claim 5, it is characterised in that also including air pump, the drip irrigation pipe passes through mixing Valve is connected with the air pump and the water pump respectively, and the air pump and the mixing valve are connected with the controller respectively.
7. the agricultural greenhouse system stated according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the greenhouse is internally provided with and the controller The temperature sensor of connection, the greenhouse is provided with switchable ventilating opening.
8. a kind of greenhouse gardening method, it is characterised in that using the agricultural greenhouse system as described in claim 1-7 is any;Institute The method of stating includes:Initial plantation pattern and conventional cultivation pattern;
The initial cropping pattern, be specially:Greenhouse is built on the ground and set around greenhouse inside coaming, greenhouse Digging groove buries drip irrigation pipe and simultaneously plants crops, also, crops Root Distribution around drip irrigation pipe, wherein, in dash The upper soil layer that the soil in greenhouse is located at earth's surface is caused to be in dry exsiccosis in the presence of enclosure wall;
The conventional cultivation pattern, be specially:In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting Value, then control water pump that the water in water tank is input in drip irrigation pipe, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting value, Then need to stop water pump water supply.
9. greenhouse gardening method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the conventional cultivation pattern also includes:Under When the humidity value of humidity sensor detection is less than setting value, gas is first passed through into drip irrigation pipe and carries out processing of loosening the soil, then, logical Water pump is crossed to supply water to drip irrigation pipe.
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CN201710396312.2A Active CN107182632B (en) 2017-01-17 2017-05-31 Drip irrigation pipe buried agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse planting method
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CN201711114615.7A Pending CN107750708A (en) 2017-01-17 2017-11-13 Intelligent agricultural greenhouse and greenhouse gardening method
CN201820045119.4U Expired - Fee Related CN208863238U (en) 2017-01-17 2018-01-11 Agricultural greenhouse
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CN201710396307.1A Active CN107231974B (en) 2017-01-17 2017-05-31 Drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse planting method
CN201711114615.7A Pending CN107750708A (en) 2017-01-17 2017-11-13 Intelligent agricultural greenhouse and greenhouse gardening method
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