CN108157028A - Agricultural booth and greenhouse gardening method - Google Patents

Agricultural booth and greenhouse gardening method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108157028A
CN108157028A CN201810036323.4A CN201810036323A CN108157028A CN 108157028 A CN108157028 A CN 108157028A CN 201810036323 A CN201810036323 A CN 201810036323A CN 108157028 A CN108157028 A CN 108157028A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
water
feed pipe
agricultural booth
humidity sensor
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810036323.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108157028B (en
Inventor
刘太联
赵友刚
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Publication date
Priority to CN201710030584 priority Critical
Priority to CN2017100305840 priority
Application filed by Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical Qingdao Agricultural University
Publication of CN108157028A publication Critical patent/CN108157028A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108157028B publication Critical patent/CN108157028B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • A01G25/023Dispensing fittings for drip irrigation, e.g. drippers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1476Greenhouse gutters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • A01G9/227Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like rolled up during non-use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • A01M7/0042Field sprayers, e.g. self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0089Regulating or controlling systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/18Self-organising networks, e.g. ad-hoc networks or sensor networks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G2025/006Tubular drip irrigation dispensers mounted coaxially within water feeding tubes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of agricultural booth and greenhouse gardening methods.Agricultural booth, including building greenhouse on the ground, which is characterized in that greenhouse is internally provided with the feed pipe of the subsurface of burial, multiple apopores are offered on feed pipe, atomization medicine spraying tube is additionally provided with inside greenhouse, atomization medicine spraying tube is suspended on the top of greenhouse, and atomization medicine spraying tube has been opened in several mounting holes, atomizer is provided in each mounting hole, the bottom of greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank and medicine-chest, and water tank is connect by water supply pump with feed pipe, and medicine-chest is connect by administration pump with atomization medicine spraying tube;The side wall of greenhouse is provided with vacuum heat-insulation plate, and the lower edges of greenhouse are provided with coaming, and the lower end of coaming is embedded in below ground, and coaming is located at the top of feed pipe.Realizing reduces the labor intensity of peasant household, improves the quality of agricultural product, achievees the purpose that environmentally protective plantation.

Description

Agricultural booth and greenhouse gardening method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Polyhouse technology field more particularly to a kind of agricultural booth and greenhouse gardening methods.
Background technology
At present, agricultural booth planting technology is widely promoted, greenhouse top generally use covering hyaline membrane, hyaline membrane because Being exposed to the sun for a long time leads to the reduction of its translucency, also, also easily covers in crops in influence greenhouse by dust on hyaline membrane Fast-growth, meanwhile, in evening in winter, in order to keep the temperature, peasant household also needs to carry out drawing heat holding curtain, in addition, in greenhouse gardening mistake Cheng Zhong, user need in greenhouse crops carry out periodically supply water and spray, it is generally the case that by manually carry spray case into Pedestrian's work sprays, this can cause the labor intensity of peasant household larger.How a kind of greenhouse of environmentally protective automatic irrigation spray is designed Technology is the technical problems to be solved by the invention to reduce peasant household's labor intensity.
Invention content
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are:A kind of agricultural booth and greenhouse gardening method are provided, realized agricultural big The automatic management of canopy, and reduce the labor intensity of peasant household.
Technical solution provided by the invention is:A kind of agricultural booth, including building greenhouse on the ground, feature exists In the greenhouse is internally provided with the feed pipe of the subsurface of burial, and multiple apopores are offered on the feed pipe, described big Atomization medicine spraying tube is additionally provided with inside canopy, the atomization medicine spraying tube is suspended on the top of the greenhouse, and the atomization medicine spraying tube is opened Be located at several mounting holes, be provided with atomizer in each mounting hole, the bottom of the greenhouse be additionally provided with water tank and Medicine-chest, the water tank are connect by water supply pump with the feed pipe, and the medicine-chest is connected by administration pump and the atomization medicine spraying tube It connects;The side wall of the greenhouse is provided with vacuum heat-insulation plate, and the lower edges of the greenhouse are provided with coaming, and the water blocking encloses The lower end of wall is embedded in below ground, and the coaming is located at the top of the feed pipe;
Further, the atomizer includes water box, stud, washer, spring and nut, and the stud sealing is passed through Wear the upper and lower end face of the water box, the one end of the stud, which is opened in, to be connected the water inlet of the water box internal cavity and lead to Road, the lower face of the water box offer the first taper spray orifice, and the edge of the washer is provided with more elastic rods, the elasticity Nozzle is provided on bar, the second taper spray orifice is offered on the nozzle, the washer is sleeved on the stud and is located at The outside of the water box, the nozzle are located in the corresponding first taper spray orifice, and the nut thread is connected to described double The corresponding end of hook bolt, between the corresponding nut and the washer, the stud bolt thread connects the spring It is connected in the corresponding mounting hole.
Further, the water box include box body and cover board, and the cover board is detachably arranged on the box body, described The first taper spray orifice is offered on cover board;Adjustment disk, the adjustment disk setting protrusion are additionally provided on the stud Structure, the adjustment disk are located in the box body, and the bulge-structure of the adjustment disk is inserted in the first taper spray orifice.
Further, the top outer of the greenhouse is provided with polylith hollow plate glass, hollow plate glass battle array described in polylith Row are arranged and form the transparent surface of the greenhouse, photovoltaic generation film are provided on the hollow plate glass of part, per adjacent Two pieces of photovoltaic generation films are staggered, and the top edge of every piece of hollow plate glass is provided with spray tube, the spray Pipe is connect by cleaning pump with the water tank;The bottom of the hollow plate glass is provided with catch basin, the catch basin with it is described Water tank connects,
Further, soil humidity sensor is further included;The soil humidity sensor includes upper humidity sensor and lower humidity Sensor, the upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor are embedded in subsurface, the upper and lower part of the feed pipe It is correspondingly arranged on the upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor.
Further, the feed pipe includes flexible bar type band;In the width direction, the middle part of the flexible bar type band is supplies Pool, the both sides of the flexible bar type band are respectively turbulent region, wherein it is recessed to be provided with a plurality of corrugated in a turbulent region Slot offers the apopore in the ripple groove;The flexible bar type band doubling in the width direction, the contributing region shape Into water channel, two turbulent regions press together to form outlet part, the ripple groove shape in the outlet part Into turbulent flow passageway, the inlet and outlet of the turbulent flow passageway is respectively communicated with the water channel.
Further, Porous sponge is provided in each apopore, the Porous sponge is exposed at the confession The outside of water pipe.
Further, the agricultural booth further includes air pump, the feed pipe by mixing valve respectively with the air pump and The water pump connection.
Further, the greenhouse is internally provided with temperature sensor, and the greenhouse is provided with switchable ventilation opening.
The present invention also provides a kind of greenhouse gardening method, using above-mentioned agricultural booth;The method includes:Greenhouse is built Coaming is set on ground and around greenhouse, and greenhouse inside digging groove buries feed pipe and plants crops, also, farming The Root Distribution of object around feed pipe, wherein, so that the soil in greenhouse is located at earth's surface under the action of the coaming Upper soil layer is in dry exsiccosis;In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting value, Water in water tank is input in feed pipe by control water pump, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting value, then it needs Stop water pump water supply.
Further, when the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting value, gas is first passed through into feed pipe Processing of loosening the soil is carried out, then, is being supplied water by water pump to feed pipe.
Compared with prior art, the advantages and positive effects of the present invention are:Agricultural booth and greenhouse kind provided by the invention Plant method is made up of the transparent surface in greenhouse using hollow plate glass, and hollow plate glass has good heat preservation and insulation, Coordinate the insulation effect of greenhouse baffle assembly, can realize at night without keeping the temperature cord to plastic house, effectively reduce The labor intensity of peasant household obtains product best in quality.And whole precipitation are collected by greenhouse and are stored in water tank, and feed pipe It is embedded in below ground, the water in water tank is transported to by water pump in feed pipe, is given birth to according to the crop root system planted in greenhouse Long depth, the rational burying depth for designing feed pipe, the apopore of feed pipe can directly supply the root system of crops Water, it is effective to reduce earth's surface water supply and cause what moisture largely evaporated to happen, greatly reduce water consumption;At the same time, greatly The atomization medicine spraying tube of canopy top layout, which can be realized, automatically sprays insecticide to the plant in greenhouse, on the one hand can reduce agriculture On the other hand the amount of labour at family can be realized more uniformly to spray insecticide from top and reduce the pesticide dosage of agricultural booth, reach To the purpose of environmentally protective plantation.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is this hair Some bright embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, can be with Other attached drawings are obtained according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart one of agricultural booth of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure principle chart two of agricultural booth of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of hollow plate glass in agricultural booth of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view one of feed pipe in agricultural booth of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the partial structural diagram of feed pipe in agricultural booth of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the partial sectional view two of feed pipe in agricultural booth of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the partial sectional view three of feed pipe in agricultural booth of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the partial structural diagram of flexible bar type band in agricultural booth of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the sectional view of atomizer in agricultural booth of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the explosive view of atomizer in agricultural booth of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structure diagram of agricultural booth middle washer of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Purpose, technical scheme and advantage to make the embodiment of the present invention are clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is Part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art All other embodiments obtained without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the present embodiment agricultural booth, including greenhouse 1, accumulator(It is not shown)And controller(Do not scheme Show), the top of the greenhouse 1 is provided with polylith hollow plate glass 12, and hollow plate glass 12 described in polylith forms the greenhouse 1 Transparent surface is provided with photovoltaic generation film 10 on the hollow plate glass 12 of part, thin per two pieces of adjacent photovoltaic generations Film 10 is staggered;Greenhouse 1 is internally provided with the feed pipe 2 for being buried in subsurface, and multiple water outlets are offered on the feed pipe 2 Hole 20;The bottom of the hollow plate glass 12 is provided with catch basin 13, and the bottom of the greenhouse 1 is additionally provided with water tank 3, the collection Sink 13 is connect with the water tank 2, and the water tank 3 passes through water supply pump(It is not shown)Connect with the feed pipe 2, the water pump with The controller connection;The side wall of the greenhouse 1 is provided with vacuum heat-insulation plate(It is not shown), the lower edges setting of the greenhouse There is coaming 11, the lower end of the coaming 11 is embedded in below ground, and the coaming 11 is located at the feed pipe 2 Top, the top edge of every piece of hollow plate glass 12 is provided with spray tube 121, and the spray tube 121 passes through cleaning pump(Not Diagram)It is connect with the water tank 3.
Specifically, photovoltaic generation film 10 is arranged on the transparent surface of greenhouse 1 by the present embodiment agricultural booth, photovoltaic hair Conductive film 10 is arranged by the way of being staggered, and since the direction of illumination of the sun on daytime constantly changes, is staggered Photovoltaic generation film 10 may insure that the crops in different location region in greenhouse 1 can obtain enough illumination, it is preferred that Photovoltaic generation film 10 uses non-crystal thin film solar cell, and non-crystal thin film solar cell has light transmission effect, can be with External feux rouges and blue light are transmitted to inside greenhouse 1, meet the required illumination of plant growth, and since photovoltaic generation is thin Film 10 is directly arranged at the transparent surface of greenhouse 1, can effectively increase the area of photovoltaic generation film 10, improves generated energy.Light The power storage that volt power generation film 10 generates is in accumulator, controller control associated appliance component powered operation.Wherein, greenhouse 1 side wall is kept the temperature using vacuum heat-insulation plate, and vacuum heat-insulation plate has good heat-insulating property, and the top of greenhouse 1 uses Hollow plate glass 12, hollow plate glass 12 may insure that the top of greenhouse 1 has good heat-insulating property, so as to fulfill in winter Night covers heat holding curtain, in addition, being spliced to form the light transmission of greenhouse 1 using polylith hollow plate glass 12 without user on greenhouse 1 Face, the service life of hollow plate glass 12 is longer, can avoid the trouble for being needed to be replaced frequently and being brought using transparent membrane.And The feed pipe of burial below ground 2 in greenhouse 1, and catch basin 13 is additionally provided on the transparent surface of greenhouse 1 and collects rainwater storage In water tank 3, when needing to irrigate, controller control water pump is powered, and the water in water tank 3 is transported in feed pipe 2 by water pump, is supplied Hydraulic pressure increase in water pipe 2 so that the apopore 20 of water is discharged in feed pipe 2, is directly carried out to the crop root system in soil It irrigates, finds in actual use, since depth location of the feed pipe 2 in 100 root system 101 of below ground crops supplies Water, the water exported from feed pipe 2 flows downward under the effect of gravity, and the root system 101 of crops 100 has hydrotropism, deep soil Washiness in earth can attract the root system 101 of crops 100 can be deeper to striking root into the ground so that crops 100 can be with more Vigorous state growth obtains agricultural product best in quality, while the water for also avoiding the output of feed pipe 2 is largely evaporated, and is dropped Low water consumption.And for the earth's surface inside greenhouse 1, due to not having a supply of moisture content, the soil layer of earth's surface is chronically at dry State so that being grown in the weeds of earth's surface can not survive, and reduce the labor intensity of peasant household's weeding.And in order to improve vacuum glass The translucency of plate 12, the top edge of every piece of hollow plate glass 12 are provided with spray tube 121, and the spray tube 121 is by clear Wash pump(It is not shown)It is connect with the water tank 3, in actual use, hollow plate glass 12 can cause because of factors such as dusts Photosensitiveness declines, at this point, the nozzle that high pressure water is injected to spray tube 121 in spray tube 121 by cleaning pump will be to hollow plate glass 12 surface is cleaned, and the water to circulate from hollow plate glass 12 flow back into catch basin 13, is flowed again by catch basin 13 Enter into water tank 3 and reuse, the import of catch basin 13 or water tank 3 as needed is provided with filter screen, and water is entered with filtering Impurity in case 3.Preferably, the present embodiment photovoltaic Ecological Greenhouse system further includes air pump(It is not shown), the feed pipe 2 passes through Mixing valve is connect respectively with the air pump and the water pump, and the air pump and the mixing valve are connect respectively with the controller, Specifically, in actual use, in order to enable the oxygen content at 101 position of root system of crops 100 improves, pass through mixing Valve can cause water pump and air pump to be connect simultaneously with feed pipe 2, while feed pipe 2 supplies water, can generate air pump suitable It measures in air delivery to the soil of lower floor, to be more advantageous to vegetating for the root system 101 of crops 100;It is of course also possible to root According to needing first to ventilate, in conveying water, it is not limited herein.
The transparent surface of greenhouse is formed using hollow plate glass, and hollow plate glass has good heat preservation and insulation, cooperation The insulation effect of greenhouse baffle assembly can be realized at night without keeping the temperature cord to plastic house, effectively reduce peasant household Labor intensity, obtain product best in quality.And whole precipitation are collected by greenhouse and are stored in water tank, and feed pipe is embedded in Below ground, the water in water tank are transported to by water pump in feed pipe, are grown according to the crop root system planted in greenhouse deep Degree, the rational burying depth for designing feed pipe, the apopore of feed pipe can directly supply water to the root system of crops, have The reduction earth's surface water supply of effect causes what moisture largely evaporated to happen, and greatly reduces water consumption;Simultaneously as feed pipe is defeated The water gone out is in the lower section of earth's surface so that the soil layer of earth's surface certain depth keeps the state of drought and water shortage, so that weeds can not It germinates and grows in the soil of Near Ground, so as to fulfill no longer needing to spray herbicide, it is not required that artificial, animal power or machine Tool weeding, at the same time, since the ground in greenhouse keeps the state of arid so that the humidity in greenhouse reduces, and dry In environment, bacterium insects are difficult the growth and breeding on crops, the effect of so as to reach pre- preventing disease and pest, realize and reduce agriculture With the pesticide dosage of greenhouse, achieve the purpose that environmentally protective plantation.
Since feed pipe 2 is due to being embedded in soil, blocked in order to avoid the apopore 20 of feed pipe 2 by silt, apopore 20 It is correspondingly improved and is blocked to avoid apopore 20 by silt, concrete structure scheme is as follows:
As shown in figure 4, being provided with Porous sponge 21 in the apopore 20 of feed pipe 2, Porous sponge 21 can stop silt Apopore 20 is blocked, meanwhile, Porous sponge 21 with preferable water permeability, ensures that feed pipe 2 smoothly exports water again.Into One step, for the ease of installing Porous sponge 21, the outer surface of the Porous sponge 21 is formed with card slot(It is unmarked), institute The tube wall for stating feed pipe 2 is stuck in the card slot, specifically, in 2 process of feed pipe, after apopore 20 is formed, then Porous sponge 21 is inserted into apopore 20, the tube wall around apopore 20 is then stuck in card slot, and for the ease of will be more Hole matter sponge 21 is inserted into apopore 20, and the end that the Porous sponge 21 is located inside the feed pipe 2 is taper knot Structure.Preferably, the end set that the Porous sponge 21 is located at outside the feed pipe 2 has annular brace to cover 22, annular branch Support set 22 can maintain the formation that Porous sponge 21 is exposed at 2 outer portion of feed pipe, reduce soil by Porous sponge 21 Squeeze the deflection generated so that Porous sponge 21 can more smoothly outside draining, and annular brace set 22 can To offer through-hole on side wall as needed, further to improve 21 outlet effect of Porous sponge.
Likewise, in order to further improve anti-clogging, as shown in Figure 5-Figure 8, feed pipe 2 includes flexible bar type band 200;In the width direction, the middle part of the flexible bar type band 200 be contributing region 201, the two side portions of the flexible bar type band 200 Not Wei turbulent region 202, wherein being provided with a plurality of ripple groove 203, the ripple groove 203 in a turbulent region 202 In offer apopore 20;The doubling in the width direction of flexible bar type band 200, the contributing region 201 form water channel 21, Two turbulent regions 202 press together to form outlet part 22, and the ripple groove 203 in the outlet part 22 is formed Turbulent flow passageway 23, the inlet and outlet of the turbulent flow passageway 23 are respectively communicated with the water channel 21.Specifically, using flexible strip Shape band 200 carries out doubling and presses to form water channel 21, and flow is entered in water channel 21, the flow stream in water channel 21 Enter into turbulent flow passageway 23 and exported from apopore 20, turbulent flow passageway 23 is made of ripple groove 203, and flow is via ripple Shape groove 203 is oriented to flowing and forms turbulence flow flied, in addition, since ripple groove 203 is whole without detour, dead angle part, thus Turbulent flow passageway 23 can effectively be reduced to be blocked by silt, anti-clogging greatly promotes, and since ripple groove 203 is formed in The surface of flexible bar type band 200, even if occur silt block turbulent flow passageway 23, can also by the way of by increasing hydraulic pressure, So that the size expansion of turbulent flow passageway 23 becomes larger, most silt is discharged from turbulent flow passageway 23 at last;Importantly, turbulent flow passageway 23 water inlet and apopore forms the reflux water route connected with water channel 21, and stifled particle will be caused to drain into water channel 21 It is interior, it prevents from blocking.The import of the turbulent flow passageway 23 tilts the influent side towards the water channel 21, the turbulent flow passageway 23 Outlet-inclined impeller vane towards the water channel 21 water outlet side.Specifically, the import of turbulent flow passageway 23 is bell-mouth structure of air, it is open Bell shape largely smoothly flow therein turbulent flow passageway 23 convenient for fluids within pipes, and the long side of the import of turbulent flow passageway 23 and Short side is distributed to form two angles of α and β respectively with water (flow) direction, and the angular regions that α and β are formed the big more can guarantee big flow It flows into without flowing out(With reference to following angular range);Angle β makes an appointment greater than, equal to 90 ° closer to 90 ° of effects, ensures water Stream flows into the maximum slotted density of corrugated channel and flow does not flow back), angle α be acute angle, acute angle is the smaller the better, ensure water stream Enter amount maximization;The outer side edges of the outlet of turbulent flow passageway 23 and the angle of water (flow) direction are obtuse angle θ, ensure the water of turbulent flow passageway 23 Stream passes through in outlet return to water channel 21.Preferably, it is provided with cantilever type elastic catch in apopore 20(It is unmarked), go out Water hole 20 is discharged direction aperture along it and gradually increases, and apopore 20 is the horn mouth that opens outwardly along water outlet direction, in this way can be with Water droplet is facilitated to ooze, and reduces extraneous silt and enters in turbulent flow passageway 23, cantilever type elastic catch is with flexible bar type band 200 Overall structure, the clout that cantilever type elastic catch is formed in 20 Tapping procedures of apopore is hanged to be formed in apopore 20, when Hydraulic pressure increases in turbulent flow passageway 23, and cantilever type elastic catch is opened, beginning trickle irrigation, at the end of trickle irrigation, water source cut-out, and cantilevered bullet Property catch be closed, effectively prevent foreign object block apopore 20.Further, for the ease of accurate doubling flexible bar type band 200 are processed, wherein a turbulent region 202 is provided with positioning convex strip 204, another turbulent region 103 is provided with positioning Groove 205, the positioning convex strip 204 are stuck in the corresponding positioning groove 205.
Further, as Figure 9-Figure 11, it in order to realize automatic spraying pesticide, is additionally provided with inside the greenhouse 1 Medicine spraying tube 6 is atomized, the atomization medicine spraying tube 6 is suspended on the top of the greenhouse 1, and the atomization medicine spraying tube 6 has been opened in several Mounting hole(It is not shown), atomizer 4 each is provided in the mounting hole, and the bottom of greenhouse 1 is additionally provided with medicine-chest 31, medicine Case 31 is connect by auxiliary pump with water tank 3, to be supplied water by water tank 3 to medicine-chest 31, medicine-chest 31 also by administration pump with it is described Atomization medicine spraying tube 6 connects, specifically, when needing to spray insecticide, peasant household puts into quantitative pesticide into medicine-chest 31, and passes through water Case 3 is to 31 water filling mixing of medicine-chest, and then, the liquid in medicine-chest 31 is transported in atomization medicine spraying tube 6 and passes through atomization by administration pump Nozzle 4 carries out atomized spray pesticide.Wherein, atomizer 4 includes stud 41, water box 42, washer 44, spring 45 and nut 46, through the upper and lower end face of the water box 42, the one end of the stud 41 has been opened in for the sealing of stud 41 The intake tunnel 411 of 42 internal cavity of water box is connected, the lower face of the water box 42 offers the first taper spray orifice 421, The edge of the washer 44 is provided with elastic rod 442, and nozzle 441 is provided on the elastic rod 442, is opened on the nozzle 441 Equipped with the second taper spray orifice 4411, the washer 44 is sleeved on the stud 41 and positioned at the outside of the water box 42, spray Mouth 441 is located in the corresponding first taper spray orifice 421, and the nut 46 is threaded in the correspondence of the stud 41 End, for the spring 45 between the nut 46 and the washer 44, stud 41 offers the end of intake tunnel 411 Portion is threaded in the mounting hole of atomization medicine spraying tube, the water that the intake tunnel 411 in stud 41 will be atomized in medicine spraying tube 6 It is introduced into water box 42, in water box 42 under the action of hydraulic pressure, washer 44 overcomes the elastic force of spring 45 to leave the lower ends of water box 42 Face, liquid medicine will be tilted towards outer ejection from the circumferential area formed between 441 and first taper spray orifice 421 of nozzle and forms water mist, In, for the ease of installation, separate structure may be used in water box 42, i.e. water box 42 include box body and cover board 420, the cover board 420 It is detachably arranged on the box body, the first taper spray orifice 421 is offered on the cover board 420.And in order to adjust spray Mist amount, adjustment disk 43 is additionally provided on the stud 41, and adjustment disk 43 sets bulge-structure 431, the adjustment disk 43 In the box body, the bulge-structure 431 of adjustment disk 43 is inserted in the first taper spray orifice 421, by adjusting adjustment disk 43 With the distance of cover board 420 so that the distance between bulge-structure 431 and the first taper spray orifice 421 change, and can adjust The emitted dose of atomizer 4.
The present invention also provides a kind of greenhouse gardening method, using above-mentioned agricultural booth;The method is specially:The method Including:Greenhouse, which is built, sets coaming on the ground and around greenhouse, and digging groove is buried feed pipe and simultaneously planted inside greenhouse Crops, also, the Root Distribution of crops is around feed pipe, wherein, under the action of coaming so that in greenhouse Soil be located at the upper soil layer of earth's surface and be in dry exsiccosis.Specifically, greenhouse is in process of construction, just in the bottom of greenhouse Coaming is formed, after greenhouse is built well, just digging groove is laid with feed pipe humidity sensor and plantation farming inside greenhouse Object.In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection controls water pump by the water in water tank less than setting value It is input in feed pipe, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting value, then it needs to stop water pump water supply.Specifically , after having planted crops in greenhouse, the conventional hydroponics that supplies can be carried out, and specific water supply can be according to difference The requirement of type crops adjusts the trigger value of humidity sensor, more accurately supplies water so as to realize to crops.It is excellent An important factor for selecting, the good gas permeability in soil being kept to be riotous growth for crops, therefore, in the process of water supply In, when the humidity value of humidity sensor detection instantly is less than setting value, the soil around crop root system is in relatively dry State, at this point it is possible to be first passed through gas into feed pipe and carry out processing of loosening the soil, then, then by water pump to feed pipe water supply, to The soil aeration of underground reduces soil hardening, is conducive to water conservation, fertilizer conservation, ventilation and promotes root system development, is provided for crops easypro Suitable growing environment can realize the effect being unable to reach in conventional agriculture plantation, and due to the well developed root system of crops, this makes The fruit for obtaining the growth of crops is more excellent.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of agricultural booth, including building greenhouse on the ground, which is characterized in that the greenhouse is internally provided with burial The feed pipe of subsurface offers multiple apopores on the feed pipe, atomization medicine spraying tube, institute is additionally provided with inside the greenhouse The top that atomization medicine spraying tube is suspended on the greenhouse is stated, the atomization medicine spraying tube has been opened in several mounting holes, each peace Dress is provided with atomizer in hole, and the bottom of the greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank and medicine-chest, and the water tank passes through water supply pump and institute Feed pipe connection is stated, the medicine-chest is connect by administration pump with the atomization medicine spraying tube;The side wall of the greenhouse is provided with vacuum Thermal insulation board, the lower edges of the greenhouse are provided with coaming, and the lower end of the coaming is embedded in below ground, described Coaming is located at the top of the feed pipe.
2. agricultural booth according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the atomizer includes water box, stud, pad Circle, spring and nut, through the upper and lower end face of the water box, the one end of the stud opens up for the stud sealing There is the intake tunnel that connects the water box internal cavity, the lower face of the water box offers the first taper spray orifice, the pad The edge of circle is provided with more elastic rods, and nozzle is provided on the elastic rod, and the second taper spray orifice is offered on the nozzle, The washer is sleeved on the stud and positioned at the outside of the water box, and the nozzle is located at corresponding first taper In spray orifice, the nut thread is connected to the corresponding end of the stud, the spring be located at the corresponding nut and Between the washer, the stud bolt thread is connected in the corresponding mounting hole.
3. agricultural booth according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the water box include box body and cover board, the cover board It is detachably arranged on the box body, the first taper spray orifice is offered on the cover board;It is also set on the stud Adjustment disk is equipped with, the adjustment disk sets bulge-structure, and the adjustment disk is located in the box body, the protrusion knot of the adjustment disk Structure is inserted in the first taper spray orifice.
4. agricultural booth according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the top outer of the greenhouse is provided with polylith vacuum Glass plate, vacuum glass plate array described in polylith is arranged and forms the transparent surface of the greenhouse, on the hollow plate glass of part Photovoltaic generation film is provided with, is staggered per two pieces of adjacent photovoltaic generation films, every piece of hollow plate glass Top edge is provided with spray tube, and the spray tube is connect by cleaning pump with the water tank;The bottom of the hollow plate glass is set Catch basin is equipped with, the catch basin is connect with the water tank,
Agricultural booth according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include soil humidity sensor;The soil moisture Sensor includes upper humidity sensor and lower humidity sensor, and the upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor are embedded in Subsurface, the upper and lower part of the feed pipe are correspondingly arranged on the upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor.
5. agricultural booth according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the feed pipe includes flexible bar type band;Along width Direction, the middle part of the flexible bar type band is contributing region, and the both sides of the flexible bar type band are respectively turbulent region, wherein an institute It states and a plurality of ripple groove is provided in turbulent region, the apopore is offered in the ripple groove;The flexible bar type Band doubling in the width direction, the contributing region form water channel, and two turbulent regions press together to form outlet part, institute The ripple groove stated in outlet part forms turbulent flow passageway, and the inlet and outlet of the turbulent flow passageway is respectively communicated with the confession Aquaporin.
6. agricultural booth according to claim 1, which is characterized in that Porous sea is provided in each apopore Silk floss, the Porous sponge are exposed at the outside of the feed pipe.
7. agricultural booth according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the agricultural booth further includes air pump, the water supply Pipe is connect by mixing valve with the air pump and the water pump respectively.
8. agricultural booth according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the greenhouse is internally provided with temperature sensor, institute It states greenhouse and is provided with switchable ventilation opening.
A kind of 9. greenhouse gardening method, which is characterized in that using the agricultural booth as described in claim 1-8 is any;The side Method includes:Greenhouse, which is built, sets coaming on the ground and around greenhouse, and digging groove is buried feed pipe and simultaneously planted inside greenhouse Kind of crops, also, the Root Distribution of crops is around feed pipe, wherein, so that greenhouse under the action of coaming The upper soil layer that interior soil is located at earth's surface is in dry exsiccosis;In water supply process, if the detection of lower humidity sensor Humidity value is less than setting value, then controls water pump that the water in water tank is input in feed pipe, and when the humidity of upper humidity sensor When value is higher than setting value, then need to stop water pump water supply.
10. greenhouse gardening method according to claim 9, which is characterized in that in the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection During less than setting value, first gas is passed through into feed pipe carries out processing of loosening the soil, and then, is being supplied water by water pump to feed pipe.
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CN107182621A (en) 2017-09-22
CN107231974A (en) 2017-10-10
CN107182632A (en) 2017-09-22
CN107182620A (en) 2017-09-22
CN107182621B (en) 2020-05-08
CN107750708A (en) 2018-03-06
CN107182632B (en) 2020-05-08
CN108157028B (en) 2020-09-22

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