CN107231974A - Drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method - Google Patents

Drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107231974A
CN107231974A CN201710396307.1A CN201710396307A CN107231974A CN 107231974 A CN107231974 A CN 107231974A CN 201710396307 A CN201710396307 A CN 201710396307A CN 107231974 A CN107231974 A CN 107231974A
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China
Prior art keywords
drip irrigation
greenhouse
water
pipe
silica gel
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Granted
Application number
CN201710396307.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107231974B (en
Inventor
纪晶
李胜多
胡彩旗
吕宝君
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Priority claimed from CN2017100305840 external-priority
Application filed by Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical Qingdao Agricultural University
Publication of CN107231974A publication Critical patent/CN107231974A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • A01G25/023Dispensing fittings for drip irrigation, e.g. drippers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1476Greenhouse gutters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • A01G9/227Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like rolled up during non-use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • A01M7/0042Field sprayers, e.g. self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0089Regulating or controlling systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/18Self-organising networks, e.g. ad-hoc networks or sensor networks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G2025/006Tubular drip irrigation dispensers mounted coaxially within water feeding tubes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method.Agricultural greenhouse system includes greenhouse and the drip irrigation pipe being arranged in greenhouse, drip irrigation pipe includes water pipe and multiple column drippers, helical groove is formed with the middle part of the outer tube wall of column dripper, the inner tubal wall of column dripper one end offers the inlet opening of connection helical groove, annular groove is offered on the outer tube wall of column dripper the other end, silica gel cylinder is provided with annular groove, multiple through holes are offered on silica gel cylinder, pressure regulating cavity body is formed between the inner tube wall and annular groove of silica gel cylinder, column dripper is arranged in water pipe, helical buffer passage is formed between helical groove and the inner tubal wall of water pipe, voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body is formed between the outer tube wall of silica gel cylinder and the inner tubal wall of water pipe, delivery port is connected with corresponding voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body, pressure regulating cavity body is connected with helical buffer passage.Realize the use reliability for improving agricultural greenhouse system.

Description

Drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural greenhouse system irrigation technique field, more particularly to a kind of drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system and Greenhouse gardening method.
Background technology
At present, agricultural greenhouse system planting technology is widely promoted, and agricultural greenhouse system coordinates drip irrigation technique to turn into mesh The trend of preceding environmental protection agricultural development.Drip irrigation pipe is typically laid on the earth's surface of greenhouse, and drip irrigation pipe generally includes water pipe and water dropper, Water dropper is arranged on the inner tubal wall of water pipe, the water formed between water dropper and water pipe in turbulent flow passageway, water pipe by turbulent flow passageway from The delivery port discharge of water pipe.But, in actual use, because drip irrigation pipe contacts ground, silt is easily accessible water outlet In mouthful, and the turbulent flow passageway of water dropper is because size is small and there is more roundabout, turning, dead angle, easily, it is easy to by from delivery port The silt entered blocks and causes the water dropper to fail, and the crops of corresponding section can not obtain the water supply of abundance and influence life It is long, cause the use reliability of drip irrigation pipe relatively low.A kind of high drip irrigation pipe of use reliability how is designed to improve agricultural greenhouse Use reliability be the technical problems to be solved by the invention.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are:A kind of drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening side are provided Method, realizes the use reliability for improving drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system, to obtain product best in quality.
The technical scheme that the present invention is provided is:A kind of drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system, including build on the ground big Polylith hollow plate glass, the vacuum glass are provided with the top of canopy and the drip irrigation pipe being arranged in the greenhouse, the greenhouse The bottom of glass plate is provided with water leg, and the bottom of the greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank, and the water leg is connected with the water tank, institute State water tank to be connected with the drip irrigation pipe, the drip irrigation pipe is buried in subsurface;The drip irrigation pipe includes water pipe and multiple cylinders drip Offered on head, the water pipe and be formed with helical groove in the middle part of multiple delivery ports, the outer tube wall of the column dripper, it is described The inner tubal wall of column dripper one end offers the inlet opening for connecting the helical groove, described column dripper the other end Offered on outer tube wall and silica gel cylinder is provided with annular groove, the annular groove, multiple insertions are offered on the silica gel cylinder Hole, forms pressure regulating cavity body, the column dripper is arranged on institute between the inner tube wall and the annular groove of the silica gel cylinder State in water pipe, formed between the inner tubal wall of the helical groove and the water pipe outside helical buffer passage, the silica gel cylinder Voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body, the delivery port and the corresponding voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body are formed between the inner tubal wall of barrel and the water pipe Connection, the pressure regulating cavity body is connected with the helical buffer passage;The lower edges of the greenhouse are provided with coaming, The bottom of the coaming is embedded in below ground, and the coaming is located at the top of the drip irrigation pipe.
Further, be additionally provided with anti-blocking component in the delivery port, the anti-blocking component include umbrella shape flexible lidstock and Connecting rod, the connecting rod is inserted in the delivery port, and the one end of the connecting rod connects the umbrella shape flexible lidstock, another End connects the silica gel cylinder;The outside that the umbrella shape flexible lidstock is located at the water pipe is used to cover in the delivery port.
Further, it is additionally provided with switchable flexible sheet in the through hole.
Further, the other end of the connecting rod is provided with overhead structure, the silica gel cylinder and offers mounting hole, The other end of the connecting rod is inserted in the mounting hole, and the overhead structure is through the mounting hole and is stuck in the silica gel On the inwall of cylinder.
Further, the drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system also includes controller and supply-water pump, and the water tank passes through institute State supply-water pump to be connected with the drip irrigation pipe, the upper and lower part of the drip irrigation pipe is correspondingly arranged on humidity sensor and lower humidity Sensor;The upper humidity sensor, lower humidity sensor and the supply-water pump are connected with the controller respectively;It is described wet Degree sensor and the lower humidity sensor are embedded in subsurface.
Further, in addition to air pump, the drip irrigation pipe is connected with the air pump and the water pump respectively by mixing valve, The air pump and the mixing valve are connected with the controller respectively.
Further, the greenhouse is internally provided with the temperature sensor being connected with the controller, and the greenhouse is set There is switchable ventilating opening.
The present invention also provides a kind of greenhouse gardening method, using above-mentioned drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system;Methods described bag Include:Initial plantation pattern and conventional cultivation pattern;
The initial cropping pattern, be specially:Greenhouse is built on the ground and set around greenhouse inside coaming, greenhouse Digging groove buries drip irrigation pipe and simultaneously plants crops, also, crops Root Distribution around drip irrigation pipe, wherein, in dash The upper soil layer that the soil in greenhouse is located at earth's surface is caused to be in dry exsiccosis in the presence of enclosure wall;
The conventional cultivation pattern, be specially:In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting Value, then control water pump that the water in water tank is input in drip irrigation pipe, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting value, Then need to stop water pump water supply.
Further, the conventional cultivation pattern also includes:The humidity value detected in lower humidity sensor is less than setting value When, the first gas that is passed through into drip irrigation pipe carries out processing of loosening the soil, then, then is supplied water by water pump to drip irrigation pipe.
Compared with prior art, advantages and positive effects of the present invention are:The drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse that the present invention is provided System and greenhouse gardening method, delay by using spiral is formed between the helical groove and the inner tubal wall of water pipe on column dripper Passage is rushed, helical buffer passage substitutes turbulent flow passageway and realizes that water flow speed reduction is buffered, and due to helical buffer passage generally spiral Roundabout, turning, dead angle is not present in structure, can effectively avoid precipitation and heap of the bulky grain thing at roundabout, turning, dead angle Product, avoids blocking from flow principles, and reliability is used so as to effective raising;Simultaneously as in column dripper The end face cavity and water pipe inner circumferential of setting silica gel cylinder, silica gel cylinder and column dripper can form voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body and pressure is adjusted Cavity, silica gel cylinder will change profile according to hydraulic pressure difference, so as to adjust the volume hair of pressure regulating cavity body and voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body Changing, when hydraulic pressure increases, pressure regulating cavity body becomes big and voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body diminishes, conversely, then pressure regulating cavity body diminishes And voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body becomes big, water yield held stationary is so may insure, realizes that pressure compensation is automatically adjusted, optimization drip irrigation effect Really.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are this hairs Some bright embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, can be with Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the partial sectional view of drip irrigation pipe in drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of column dripper in drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of anti-blocking component in drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the sectional view of silica gel cylinder in drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system of the present invention.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
As shown in figs 1 to 6, the present embodiment drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system, including greenhouse 1, battery(It is not shown)With Controller(It is not shown), the top of the greenhouse 1 is provided with polylith hollow plate glass 12, and hollow plate glass 12 is formed described in polylith Photovoltaic generation film 10 is provided with the transparent surface of the greenhouse 1, the part hollow plate glass 12, described in per adjacent two pieces Photovoltaic generation film 10 is staggered;Greenhouse 1 is internally provided with the drip irrigation pipe 2 for being buried in subsurface, the water pipe of drip irrigation pipe 2 and opened Provided with multiple delivery ports 20, be formed with helical groove 211 on the outer tube wall of column dripper 21, the one end of column dripper 21 it is interior Tube wall offers the inlet opening 212 for connecting the helical groove 211, the end shape of the outer tube wall of the other end of column dripper 21 Into there is annular groove(It is unmarked), it is provided with the annular groove on silica gel cylinder 23, the silica gel cylinder 23 and offers multiple pass through Through hole 231, the column dripper 21 is arranged in the water pipe of drip irrigation pipe 2, the helical groove 211 and the drip irrigation pipe 2 Water pipe outer tube wall between form helical buffer passage 200, the outer tube wall and the water pipe of the drip irrigation pipe 2 of the silica gel cylinder 23 Voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210 is formed between inwall, forming pressure between the inner tube wall and the annular groove of the silica gel cylinder 23 adjusts Save cavity 201, the pressure regulating cavity body 201 connects with the helical buffer passage 200, delivery port 20 with it is corresponding it is described surely Stream cavity 210 is extruded to connect;The bottom of the hollow plate glass 12 is provided with water leg 13, and the bottom of the greenhouse 1 is also set up There is water tank 3, the water leg 13 is connected with the water tank 3, and the water tank 3 passes through supply-water pump(It is not shown)With the drip irrigation pipe 2 Connection, the water pump is connected with the controller;The side wall of the greenhouse 1 is provided with vacuum heat-insulation plate(It is not shown), it is described big The lower edges of canopy are provided with coaming 4, and the bottom of the coaming 4 is embedded in below ground, the coaming 4 In the top of the drip irrigation pipe 2, the top edge of every piece of hollow plate glass 12 is provided with shower(It is not shown), the spray Pipe passes through cleaning pump(It is not shown)It is connected with the water tank 3.
Specifically, the embedded column dripper that the drip irrigation pipe 2 in the present embodiment drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system is used 21 are arranged in the water pipe of drip irrigation pipe 2, the helical groove 211 in column dripper 21 and the pipe inner wall formation spiral shell of drip irrigation pipe 2 Buffer channel 200 is revolved, helical buffer passage 200 substitutes the turbulent flow passageway of water dropper formation in the prior art, because helical buffer is logical Road 200 is distributed in the periphery of column dripper 21, can effectively increase the length of helical buffer passage 200, is conducive to consuming water Stream ability simultaneously reduces hydraulic pressure, so that the effect of turbulent flow passageway is realized by helical buffer passage 200, and helical buffer passage 200 Stream course is increased, power consumption is big, so helical groove 211 can be more much bigger than traditional interior edge column dripper size(Pass System size:0.5-1.2mm, the size of column dripper 21 of the present invention:2 ~ 6mm, meanwhile, delivery port 20 also can wide-bore), it is heavier Want, the stroke of helical buffer passage 200 is without roundabout, turning, dead angle, it is to avoid bulky grain thing is heavy at roundabout, turning, dead angle Form sediment and accumulate, blocking is avoided from flow principles.And water is input in pressure regulating cavity body 201 from helical buffer passage 200 And by through hole 231 enter voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210 via delivery port 20 output realize drip irrigation.It is preferred that, through hole 231 In be additionally provided with switchable flexible sheet 232, the outwardly convex under hydraulic pressure effect of silica gel cylinder 23 is deformed, while silicon is opened on hydraulic pressure top Flexible sheet 232 on packing element 23, flexible sheet 232 can and self-regulating opening angle of different sizes according to hydraulic pressure, work as pressure Power regulation cavity 201 hydraulic pressure hour, the open degree of flexible sheet 232 is small or is not turned on, so as to ensure the current of voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210 Do not flow back, it is ensured that there is enough water persistently to go out stream from delivery port 20, adjust automatically hydraulic pressure can be achieved, voltage stabilizing goes out stream.And elastic membrane Piece 232 can be when silica gel cylinder 23 opens up through hole 231, and clout not exclusively cuts off and directly forms flexible sheet 232.In addition, Anti- blocking component 22 is additionally provided with anti-blocking performance, delivery port 20 in order to improve, the anti-blocking component 22 includes umbrella shape flexible lidstock 221 and connecting rod 222, the connecting rod 222 is inserted in the delivery port 20, and the one end connection of the connecting rod 222 is described Umbrella shape flexible lidstock 221, the other end connect the silica gel cylinder 23;The umbrella shape flexible lidstock 221 is located at the outer of the water pipe Portion is used to cover in the delivery port 20.Under the off working state of column dripper 21, silica gel 23 shapes of cylinder reset, and drive connecting rod 222 move into cylinder, umbrella shape flexible lidstock 221 is just covered delivery port 20, prevent foreign object from blocking runner.In silica gel cylinder 23 Under the anti-mutual cooperation of blocking component 22 effect, drip irrigation pipe 2 has following function:1st, pressure is adjusted:Water in helical buffer passage 200 Stored in feed pressure regulation cavity 201 after full water, the outwardly convex under hydraulic pressure effect of silica gel cylinder 23 is deformed, and drives anti-blocking component 22 move to outside pipe, meanwhile, flexible sheet 232 is opened on hydraulic pressure top, and current enter voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210, voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210 Store it is full after current i.e. via the effuser of delivery port 20 outside, carry out drip irrigation operation;In addition, when the hydraulic pressure of pressure regulating cavity body 201 is small, The open degree of flexible sheet 232 is small or is not turned on, so as to ensure that current do not flow back in outflow lumen(There are enough fluids), it is ensured that go out liquid Mouth persistently goes out stream, and adjust automatically hydraulic pressure can be achieved, and voltage stabilizing goes out stream.2nd, pressure is supplemented:When hydraulic pressure increases, the fast flow of flow rate of water flow Greatly, silica gel cylinder 23 is deformed to circumference outer lug increases, and delivery port 20 is blocked, the rate of outflow of delivery port 20 reduces;Work as hydraulic pressure Pressure hour, flow velocity is slow, and silica gel cylinder 23 slightly protrudes from cylindrical shape, and delivery port 20 is small by coverage extent, the stream of delivery port 20 Go out speed fast;Ensureing water dropper with this, flow is consistent at various pressures.And for the ease of installing anti-blocking component 22, connecting rod 222 the other end is provided with overhead structure 223, the silica gel cylinder 23 and offers mounting hole(It is unmarked), the connecting rod 222 the other end is inserted in the mounting hole, and the overhead structure 222 is through the mounting hole and is stuck in the silica gel cylinder 23 Inwall on, so, column dripper 21 and water pipe shaping after, operating personnel are only needed connecting rod 222 from delivery port 20 It is inserted into mounting hole, overhead structure 222 just can stop that connecting rod 222 is detached from delivery port 20, facilitates operating personnel Install.
And be arranged on photovoltaic generation film 10 on the transparent surface of greenhouse 1, photovoltaic generation film 10 uses what is be staggered Mode is arranged, and because the direction of illumination of the sun on daytime constantly changes, the photovoltaic generation film 10 being staggered may insure The crops in diverse location region result in enough illumination in greenhouse 1, it is preferred that photovoltaic generation film 10 uses amorphous Body thin film solar cell, non-crystal thin film solar cell has printing opacity effect, can transmit outside feux rouges and blue light To inside greenhouse 1, the illumination required for plant growth is met, and because photovoltaic generation film 10 is directly arranged at the saturating of greenhouse 1 Smooth surface, can effectively increase the area of photovoltaic generation film 10, improve generated energy.The electric energy that photovoltaic generation film 10 is produced is deposited Storage is in battery, controller control associated appliance part powered operation.Wherein, the side wall of greenhouse 1 is entered using vacuum heat-insulation plate Row insulation, vacuum heat-insulation plate has good heat-insulating property, and the top of greenhouse 1 uses hollow plate glass 12, hollow plate glass 12 may insure that the top of greenhouse 1 has good heat-insulating property, so that night in the winter time is realized, without user on greenhouse 1 Heat holding curtain is covered, in addition, the transparent surface of greenhouse 1 is spliced to form using polylith hollow plate glass 12, the use of hollow plate glass 12 Life-span is longer, can avoid the trouble for being needed often replacing using transparent membrane and being brought.And covering below ground in greenhouse 1 Drip irrigation pipe 2 is buried, and the collection rainwater of water leg 13 is additionally provided with the transparent surface of greenhouse 1 and is stored in water tank 3, is needing to irrigate When, controller control water pump is powered, and the water in water tank 3 is transported in drip irrigation pipe 2 by water pump, directly to the Crop Root in soil It is to be irrigated.Find in actual use, because drip irrigation pipe 2 is in the depth position of the root system 101 of below ground crops 100 Water supply is put, the water exported from drip irrigation pipe 2 flows downward under gravity, and the root system 101 of crops 100 has hydrotropism, it is deep Layer soil moisture is more, can attract the root system 101 of crops 100 can be deeper to striking root into the ground so that crops 100 can With more vigorous state growth, agricultural product best in quality are obtained, while the water that it also avoid the output of drip irrigation pipe 2 is largely steamed Hair, reduces water consumption.And for the earth's surface inside greenhouse 1, due to the supply without moisture, the soil layer of earth's surface is chronically at dry Dry state so that being grown in the weeds of earth's surface can not survive, and reduce the labor intensity of peasant household's weeding.And in order to improve vacuum The translucency of glass plate 12, the top edge of every piece of hollow plate glass 12 is provided with shower, and the shower passes through cleaning Pump(It is not shown)It is connected with the water tank 3, in actual use, hollow plate glass 12 can cause printing opacity because of factors such as dusts Property decline, now, by cleaning pump by water under high pressure inject shower in shower nozzle by the surface of hollow plate glass 12 Cleaned, and the water circulated from hollow plate glass 12 flow back into water leg 13, and water tank 3 is back flowed back into by water leg 13 Middle recycling, the import of water leg 13 or water tank 3 as needed is provided with screen pack, is entered with filtering miscellaneous in water tank 3 Matter.It is preferred that, the present embodiment photovoltaic Ecological Greenhouse system also includes air pump(It is not shown), the drip irrigation pipe 2 passes through mixing valve point It is not connected with the air pump and the water pump, the air pump and the mixing valve are connected with the controller respectively, specifically, In actual use, in order that the oxygen content obtained at the position of root system 101 of crops 100 is improved, it can be made by mixing valve Obtain water pump and air pump is connected with drip irrigation pipe 2 simultaneously, while drip irrigation pipe 2 supplies water, the appropriate air that can produce air pump is defeated In the soil for delivering to lower floor, vegetated with the root system 101 for being more beneficial for crops 100;It is of course also possible to as needed first Ventilation, in conveying water, is not limited herein.
In order to ensure the surface soil layer in greenhouse 1 is all the time in dry state, it is to avoid the external world rain etc. factor cause it is outer Boundary's water is flowed into greenhouse 1, and the lower edges of the greenhouse 1 are provided with coaming 4, and the bottom of the coaming 4 is buried In below ground, the coaming 4 is located at the top of the drip irrigation pipe 2.Specifically, coaming 4 is by the ground inside greenhouse 1 The pedosphere of certain depth gets up to be isolated from the outside out under table, in the presence of coaming 4, can stop outside greenhouse 1 Rainwater is from earth's surface penetrates into the surface soil layer in greenhouse 1, so that it is guaranteed that the earth's surface inside greenhouse 1 keeps drying the shape of arid In state, the so plant growing process in greenhouse 1, root system of the drip irrigation pipe 2 under earth's surface directly to crops 100 is utilized 101 supply water, and to ensure that earth's surface is in the state of arid, the weeds of earth's surface are difficult germination or existence due to water shortage, while dry Earth's surface causes the humidity of the inner space of greenhouse 1 to be maintained at relatively low level, so that bacterium insects are difficult on crops 100 Growth and breeding, can substantially reduce the usage amount of agricultural chemicals, meanwhile, it can prevent to use herbicide, largely be worked without expending Power removes artificial weeding, reaches the purpose of environmental protection plantation;Meanwhile, it is ventilative that dry earth's surface can be easy to peasant household to dig, can be with Greatly improve the quality of agricultural product.Coaming 4 is embedded in the depth in soil in the present embodiment, according to local weeds species root system Grow depth to determine, be unsatisfactory for the requirement of weed growth to ensure that earth's surface dries the depth of soil layer and be defined, and the burial of drip irrigation pipe 2 Depth, depending on the growth depth of the root system 101 of crops 100, and because the growth depth of the root system 101 of crops 100 is greater than The growth depth of weeds root system, so that drip irrigation pipe 2 can only supply water to crops 100, ensures the specific depth of earth's surface all the time The state that soil layer keeps arid is spent, the present embodiment is not limited the height dimension of coaming 4, the burying depth size of drip irrigation pipe 2 System.
Further, in order to realize that automatic irrigation is planted, the output for more accurately controlling drip irrigation pipe 2, institute are realized The upper and lower part for stating drip irrigation pipe 2 is correspondingly arranged on humidity sensor 51 and lower humidity sensor 52, the upper humidity sensor Device 51, lower humidity sensor 52 are connected with the controller respectively;The upper humidity sensor 51 and the lower humidity sensor 52 are embedded in subsurface.Specifically, during proportion of crop planting, the inside soil digging groove of greenhouse 1 bury drip irrigation pipe 2, under it is wet The root system 101 of sensor 52 and crops 100 is spent, during being buried, then upper humidity sensor 51 upper strata is buried in In soil, and during actual irrigation, judge whether to need drip irrigation pipe 2 by lower humidity sensor 52 detects the humidity value of surrounding Water supply irrigation is carried out, and during irrigation, if the humidity that upper humidity sensor 51 is detected is more than setting value, stops drop Fill pipe 2 to continue to irrigate, to ensure that earth's surface is in drying regime, and the root system 101 of crops 100 results in optimal moisture and supplied Ying Liang.It is preferred that, the level switch being connected with the controller is provided with water tank 3(It is not shown), rainy season amount of rainfall compared with In the case of big, when the water that level switch is detected in water tank 3 reaches highest moisture storage capacity, then start water pump by unnecessary rain Water is transported in other containers and kept in, and meets the water supply requirement of Various Seasonal rainfall skewness.
In addition, the greenhouse 1 is internally provided with the temperature sensor being connected with the controller(It is not shown), the greenhouse 1 is provided with switchable ventilating opening 14, specifically, can monitor the temperature in greenhouse 1 in real time by temperature sensor, works as greenhouse When temperature in 1 is too high, crops fast-growth will be influenceed, then there is controller to control greenhouse 1 to open ventilating opening.When in greenhouse 1 Temperature it is too low when, also will influence crops fast-growth, then by controller control greenhouse 1 close ventilating opening, in good time insulation.It is excellent Choosing, in order to effectively extend the photosynthesis time of crops, switchable solar protection devices is additionally provided with the top of greenhouse 1 (It is not shown), solar protection devices will coordinate light sensor(It is not shown), sunlight strength highest period at noon, because illumination is strong Spending can cause crops to stop photosynthesis on the contrary by force, after the light intensity that light sensor is detected is more than setting value, control Device control solar protection devices processed, which is opened, covers in greenhouse 1, the light intensity in reduction greenhouse 1, so that the crops in greenhouse 1 Proceed photosynthesis, reach that the nutrition of crops is more enriched, quality is more preferable.And solar protection devices can be sunshade net, screening The sun-shading equipment such as anode membrane or sunshading board.
The present invention also provides a kind of greenhouse gardening method, using above-mentioned drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system;Methods described bag Include:Initial plantation pattern and conventional cultivation pattern;
The initial cropping pattern, be specially:Greenhouse is built on the ground and set around greenhouse inside coaming, greenhouse Digging groove buries drip irrigation pipe and simultaneously plants crops, also, crops Root Distribution around drip irrigation pipe, wherein, in dash The upper soil layer that the soil in greenhouse is located at earth's surface is caused to be in dry exsiccosis in the presence of enclosure wall.Specifically, greenhouse is being built If during, coaming just is formed in the bottom of greenhouse, after greenhouse is built well, just digging groove lays drip irrigation pipe inside greenhouse Humidity sensor and plantation crops.
The conventional cultivation pattern, be specially:In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than Setting value, then control water pump that the water in water tank is input in drip irrigation pipe, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting During value, then need to stop water pump water supply.Specifically, having been planted in greenhouse after crops, it just can carry out conventional water supply and plant Training, and specific output can adjust the trigger value of humidity sensor according to the requirements of variety classes crops, so as to Realize and more accurately crops are supplied water.It is preferred that, the gas permeability for keeping soil good for crops is growth cyclopentadienyl The key factor of Sheng, therefore, during water supply, when the humidity value of humidity sensor detection instantly is less than setting value, farming Soil around thing root system is in the state of relatively dry, at this point it is possible to gas is first passed through into drip irrigation pipe carries out processing of loosening the soil, Then, then by water pump supplied water to drip irrigation pipe, to the soil aeration of underground, reduce soil hardening, be conducive to water conservation, fertilizer conservation, lead to Gas and promotion root system development, provide comfortable growing environment, it is possible to achieve be unable to reach in conventional agriculture plantation for crops Effect, and due to the well developed root system of crops, this make it that the fruit of the growth of crops is more excellent.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system, including build greenhouse on the ground and the drop being arranged in the greenhouse Fill pipe, it is characterised in that polylith hollow plate glass is provided with the top of the greenhouse, the bottom of the hollow plate glass is provided with Water leg, the bottom of the greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank, and the water leg is connected with the water tank, the water tank and the drip irrigation Pipe is connected, and the drip irrigation pipe is buried in subsurface;The drip irrigation pipe includes opening up on water pipe and multiple column drippers, the water pipe Have and helical groove is formed with the middle part of multiple delivery ports, the outer tube wall of the column dripper, the column dripper one end Inner tubal wall offers and offers ring on the inlet opening for connecting the helical groove, the outer tube wall of described column dripper the other end Be provided with connected in star, the annular groove on silica gel cylinder, silica gel cylinder and offer multiple through holes, the silica gel cylinder it is interior Pressure regulating cavity body is formed between barrel and the annular groove, the column dripper is arranged in the water pipe, the spiral Form helical buffer passage between the inner tubal wall of shape groove and the water pipe, the outer tube wall of silica gel cylinder is interior with the water pipe Voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body is formed between tube wall, the delivery port is connected with the corresponding voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body, the pressure regulation Cavity is connected with the helical buffer passage;The lower edges of the greenhouse are provided with coaming, the coaming End is embedded in below ground, and the coaming is located at the top of the drip irrigation pipe.
2. drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be additionally provided with the delivery port Anti- blocking component, the anti-blocking component includes umbrella shape flexible lidstock and connecting rod, and the connecting rod is inserted in the delivery port, described The one end of connecting rod connects the umbrella shape flexible lidstock, the other end and connects the silica gel cylinder;The umbrella shape flexible lidstock position It is used to cover in the delivery port in the outside of the water pipe.
3. drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be additionally provided with the through hole Switchable flexible sheet.
4. drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the other end of the connecting rod It is provided with overhead structure, the silica gel cylinder and offers mounting hole, the other end of the connecting rod is inserted in the mounting hole, The overhead structure is through the mounting hole and is stuck on the inwall of the silica gel cylinder.
5. the drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system stated according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system System also includes controller and supply-water pump, and the water tank is connected by the supply-water pump with the drip irrigation pipe, the drip irrigation pipe it is upper Portion and bottom are correspondingly arranged on humidity sensor and lower humidity sensor;The upper humidity sensor, lower humidity sensor and The supply-water pump is connected with the controller respectively;The upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor are embedded in ground Under.
6. the drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system stated according to claim 5, it is characterised in that also including air pump, the drip irrigation pipe It is connected respectively with the air pump and the water pump by mixing valve, the air pump and the mixing valve connect with the controller respectively Connect.
7. the drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system stated according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the greenhouse is internally provided with and institute The temperature sensor of controller connection is stated, the greenhouse is provided with switchable ventilating opening.
8. a kind of greenhouse gardening method, it is characterised in that using the drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse as described in claim 1-7 is any System;Methods described includes:Initial plantation pattern and conventional cultivation pattern;
The initial cropping pattern, be specially:Greenhouse is built on the ground and set around greenhouse inside coaming, greenhouse Digging groove buries drip irrigation pipe and simultaneously plants crops, also, crops Root Distribution around drip irrigation pipe, wherein, in dash The upper soil layer that the soil in greenhouse is located at earth's surface is caused to be in dry exsiccosis in the presence of enclosure wall;
The conventional cultivation pattern, be specially:In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting Value, then control water pump that the water in water tank is input in drip irrigation pipe, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting value, Then need to stop water pump water supply.
9. greenhouse gardening method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the conventional cultivation pattern also includes:Under When the humidity value of humidity sensor detection is less than setting value, gas is first passed through into drip irrigation pipe and carries out processing of loosening the soil, then, logical Water pump is crossed to supply water to drip irrigation pipe.
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CN108307878B (en) 2020-08-25
CN107182620A (en) 2017-09-22
CN107182621A (en) 2017-09-22
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CN107231974B (en) 2020-05-08
CN107750708A (en) 2018-03-06
CN208863238U (en) 2019-05-17
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CN108307878A (en) 2018-07-24
CN107182632B (en) 2020-05-08

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