USRE29546E - Drip level irrigation - Google Patents

Drip level irrigation Download PDF

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Publication number
USRE29546E
USRE29546E US05/396,948 US39694873A USRE29546E US RE29546 E USRE29546 E US RE29546E US 39694873 A US39694873 A US 39694873A US RE29546 E USRE29546 E US RE29546E
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
tubular
conduit
unit
members
pipeline
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US05/396,948
Inventor
Symcha Blass
Ishajahu Blass
Original Assignee
Ishajahu Blass
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AU48630/69 priority Critical
Priority to AU48630/69A priority patent/AU443724B2/en
Priority to US86112369A priority
Application filed by Ishajahu Blass filed Critical Ishajahu Blass
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of USRE29546E publication Critical patent/USRE29546E/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L55/00Devices or appurtenances for use in, or in connection with, pipes or pipe systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • A01G25/023Dispensing fittings for drip irrigation, e.g. drippers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K47/00Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member
    • F16K47/08Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member for decreasing pressure or noise level and having a throttling member separate from the closure member, e.g. screens, slots, labyrinths
    • F16K47/12Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member for decreasing pressure or noise level and having a throttling member separate from the closure member, e.g. screens, slots, labyrinths the throttling channel being of helical form
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G2025/006Tubular drip irrigation dispensers mounted coaxially within water feeding tubes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

An irrigation dripper unit for use in irrigation in association with an irrigation supply pipe and also, when combined with a supply pipe, to form together with the supply pipe an integral unit. The dripper unit can be connected in series with the supply pipe or, when constituting a part of the integral unit, is connected in series with the supply pipe and has means to tap off a portion of the water flowing through the unit and to discharge such portion at a low drip rate.

Description

This invention relates to an irrigation dripper unit for use in irrigation in association with an irrigation supply pipe and also to a combined irrigation unit and supply pipe. The invention relates particularly to a dripper unit which can be connected in series with the supply, or, constituting an integral portion of the supply pipe, is connected in series therewith, and has means to tap off a portion of the water flowing through the unit and to discharge such portion at a low drip rate.
It is an object of one aspect of the present invention to provide a new and improved form of irrigation dripper unit.
It is an object of a further aspect of the present invention to provide a new form of combined supply pipe and irrigation dripper unit.
According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided an irrigation dripper unit to connect adjacent pipeline sections comprising an outer tubular member, an inner tubular member fitting within the outer tubular member, one pair of opposite end portions of the inner and outer tubular members projecting beyond the other pair of opposite end portions of the outer and inner tubular members respectively for connection to adjacent pipeline sections, a continuous elongated helical groove formed in the surface of one of the tubular members and defining a continuous conduit with respect to the contiguous surface of the other tubular member, one end of said conduit adjacent the projecting end of the outer tubular member and defining an inlet, at least one port defining an outlet formed in said unit for flexibly connecting said tubular members together.
According to a further aspect of the present invention there is provided a combined pipeline section and irrigation dripper unit comprising a pipeline section an outer tubular member formed integrally with one end of the pipeline section, an inner tubular member fomred integrally with the other end of the pipeline section, the inner tubular member associated with one pipeline section being adapted to fit within the outer tubular member associated with the succeeding pipeline section so as to constitute an irrigation dripper unit, a continuous elongated helical groove formed in the surface of one of the tubular members of the unit and defining a continuous conduit with respect to the contiguous surface of the other tubular member, one end of said conduit communicating with an adjacent pipe section and defining an inlet, at least one part defining an outlet formed in said unit adjacent to and communicating with the opposite end of the conduit and flexible connecting means formed in said unit for flexibly connecting said tubular members together.
The invention will now be described by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of an irrigation dripper unit in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is a side elevation of a detail of the dripper unit shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a side elevation of a combined pipeline section and irrigation dripper unit; and
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a detail of the combination shown in FIG. 3.
In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawings, the dripper unit is formed of an outer tubular casing 1, which is open at one end and whose other end s formed integrally with a connecting portion 2 adapted to be connected to an adjacent portion of the pipeline section. Fitting tightly into this outer tubular casing 1 is an inner tubular member 3 which has formed on its outer surface a spiral groove 4. The end of the inner tubular member 3 opposite that end which is designed to be introduced into the outer tubular casing 1 is formed as a serrated connecting end 5 adapted to be connected to the succeeding pipeline section. Adjacent this end the inner tubular member 3 is provided with a pair of outwardly projecting lugs 6 formed integrally with the outer wall thereof and, spaced apart therefrom, in a direction towards the end of the serrated connecting portion 2, is an integrally formed flange or shoulder 7.
The rim 8 of the open end of the outer tubular casing 1 is provided with a pair of rectangular incisions 9 separated from each other by a pair of elongated slots 10. The two tubular components 1 and 3 of the dripper unit are assembled and held in position with the tubular member 3 being inserted into the outer tubular casing 1 so that its lugs 6 are located within the two slots 10 and in this position the two tubular components are twisted with respect to each other by 45° as a result of which the flexible casing material is sufficiently distorted to allow for the lugs 6 to enter the incisions 9 and so as to form a flexible bayonetlike connection.
Water flowing through the pipeline section provided with such dripper units has a portion thereof diverted so as to pass in the direction of the arrows 11, through the spiral flow duct defined between the spiral groove 4 and the inner wall of the casing 1, so as to emerge as a practically pressureless drip through the incisions 9.
The embodiment just described and shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 is capable of ready disassembly when it is required to be cleaned or replaced.
FIG. 3 shows a combined pipeline section and dripper unit. As seen in the drawing a pipeline section 13 is formed integrally at one end with a tubular casing 14 which is identical in construction with the outer tubular casing 1 described with reference to FIG. 1 of the drawings. The other end of the pipeline section 13 is formed integrally with a spirally grooved tubular member 15 which is of identical construction to that of the tubular member 3 described with reference to FIG. 1 of the drawings. As can be seen in FIG. 3 and in detail in FIG. 4, the tubular member of one unit 13 is inserted into the tubular casing 14 of the adjacent unit 13 and retained by means of the bayonet or other flexible coupling.

Claims (5)

We claim:
1. An irrigation dripper unit to connect adjacent pipeline sections, comprising an outer tubular member and an inner tubular member, each having first and second opposite end portions, said inner tubular member being axially slidable into said outer tubular member, means retaining said inner tubular member within the outer tubular member, the first end portion of the outer tubular member being disposed adjacent and projecting beyond the second end portion of the inner tubular member, the first end portion of the inner tubular member being disposed adjacent and projecting beyond the second end portion of the outer tubular member, said first end portions of said tubular members serving to connect adjacent pipeline sections, a continuous elongated helical groove formed in the surface of one of the tubular members and defining a continuous conduit with respect to the contiguous surface of the other tubular member, one end of said helical conduit being disposed adjacent the second end portion of the inner tubular member and defining an inlet communicating with the interior of said inner tubular member, at least one port defining an outlet formed in said unit adjacent to and communicating with the opposite end of the helical conduit and the exterior of said unit whereby said conduit defines a continuously open path to the exterior of the unit, for flow of a portion of the fluid that may be flowing through the interior of said inner tubular member.
2. An irrigation dripper unit according to claim 1 and furthermore comprising pipeline sections respectively formed integrally with said first end portions of said tubular members.
3. A combined pipeline section and irrigation dripper unit comprising a pipeline section, an outer tubular member, a first end portion of said outer tubular member being formed integrally with one end of the pipeline section, an inner tubular member, a first end portion of the inner tubular member being formed integrally with the other end of the pipeline section, a continuous elongated helical groove formed in the surface of one of the tubular members of the unit, said inner tubular member being axially slidable into said outer tubular member, means retaining the inner tubular member associated with one pipeline section within the outer tubular member associated with a succeeding pipeline section so as to constitute an irrigation dripper unit, contiguous surfaces of the two tubular members defining between them a continuous elongated helical conduit, one end of said conduit communicating with an adjacent pipe section and defining an inlet and at least one port defining an outlet formed in said unit adjacent to and communicating with the opposite end of the conduit and the exterior of said unit whereby said conduit defines a continuously open path to the exterior of the unit, for flow of a portion of the fluid that may be flowing through the interior of said inner tubular member.
4. A combination according to claim 3 wherein said connecting means is formed of alternating recesses and slots formed peripherally in the second end portion of the outer tubular member and projections formed in corresponding positions of the inner tubular members. .Iadd. 5. An irrigation dripper unit to connect adjacent pipeline sections, comprising,
an outer tubular member and
an inner tubular member,
each of said members having first and second opposite end portions, said inner tubular member being axially slidable into said outer tubular member,
means retaining said inner tubular member within the outer tubular member,
the first end portion of the outer tubular member being disposed adjacent and projecting beyond the second end portion of the inner tubular member,
the first end portion of the inner tubular member being disposed adjacent and projecting beyond the second end portion of the outer tubular member,
said first end portions of said tubular members serving to connect adjacent pipeline sections,
a continuous elongated groove formed in the surface of one of the tubular members and defining a continuous conduit with respect to the contiguous surface of the other tubular member,
said conduit being of a substantially lesser cross-sectional area than the cross-sectional area of said inner tubular member and having a substantially greater length than the axial lengths of said inner and outer tubular members,
one end of said conduit opening into the inner tubular member and defining an inlet communicating with the interior of said inner tubular member,
at least one port defining an outlet formed in said unit adjacent to and communicating with the opposite end of the conduit and the exterior of said unit whereby said conduit defines a continuously open path to the exterior of the unit for flow of a portion of the fluid that may be flowing through the interior of said inner tubular member and said portion will emerge from said outlet as a practically pressureless drip.
.Iaddend..Iadd. 6. An irrigation dripper unit according to claim 5 wherein at least one pipeline section is formed integrally with one of said first end portions of at least one of said tubular members. .Iaddend..Iadd. 7. An in-line irrigation dripper unit to connect adjacent pipeline sections comprising:
(a) an outer tubular member having an inner surfce and an inner tubular member having an outer surface;
(b) each member having first and second opposite end portions;
(c) said inner member being axially insertable into said outer member, without simultaneous rotation, into an operative position wherein said outer and inner surfaces are contiguous;
(d) means for retaining said inner and outer members in said operative position;
(e) the first end portion of the outer member being disposed adjacent and projecting beyond the second end portion of the inner member, and the first end portion of the inner member being disposed adjacent and projecting beyond the second end portion of the outer member;
(f) means on the first end portions of said members for connecting said unit to adjacent pipeline sections;
(g) an inlet port connecting the outer surface of the inner member with the interior of the inner member;
(h) an outlet port in the outer member connecting its inner surface with the exterior of the outer member;
(i) a continuous conduit formed in the contiguous surfaces of the members and interconnecting the inlet and outlet ports; and
(j) said conduit having flow restricting means for causing pressurized liquid entering the inlet port and passing through the conduit to emerge from the outlet port as a practically pressureless drip. .Iaddend..Iadd. 8. An irrigation dripper unit according to claim 7 wherein said inlet port is adjacent the second end portion of the inner member and is annular. .Iaddend.9. An in-line irrigation dripper unit according to claim 7 in combination with pipeline sections each of whose internal diameter is substantially the same as the internal diameter of the bore of the inner tubular member. .Iadd.10. An irrigation dripper unit to connect adjacent pipeline sections, comprising an outer tubular member and an inner tubular member, each member having first and second opposite end portions, said inner tubular member being axially slidable relative to said outer tubular member without simultaneous relative rotation to an operative position at which the inner surface of the outer member is contiguous to the outer surface of the inner member, means retaining said inner tubular member in its operative position within the outer tubular member, the first end portion of the outer tubular member being disposed adjacent the second end portion of the inner tubular member, the first end portion of the inner tubular member being disposed adjacent the second end portion of the outer tubular member, said first end portions of said tubular member serving to connect adjacent pipeline sections, a continuous elongated tortuous groove formed in the surface of one of the tubular members and defining a continuous conduit with respect to the contiguous surface of the other tubular member, one end of said conduit communicating with the interior of said inner tubular member and the opposite end of the conduit communicating with the exterior of said unit..Iaddend..Iadd.11. An irrigation dripper unit to connect adjacent pipeline sections comprising:
(a) an outer tubular member having an inner surface and an inner tubular member having an outer surface;
(b) each member having first and second opposite end portions;
(c) said inner member being axially insertable into said outer member, without simultaneous rotation, into an operative position wherein said outer and inner surfaces are contiguous;
(d) means for retaining said inner and outer members in said operative position;
(e) the first end portion of said outer member being formed integrally with one end of a pipeline section;
(f) means on the first end portion of said inner member for connecting to a pipeline section;
(g) an inlet port for connecting the outer surface of the inner member with the interior of the inner member;
(h) an outlet port in the outer member thereof for connecting the inner surface of the outer member with the exterior of the outer member; and
(i) a continuous conduit formed in the contiguous surfaces of the members and interconnecting the inlet and outlet ports;
(j) said conduit having flow restricting means for causing pressurized liquid, entering the inlet port and passing through the conduit, to emerge from the outlet port as a practically pressureless drip.
US05/396,948 1969-01-03 1973-09-12 Drip level irrigation Expired - Lifetime USRE29546E (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU48630/69 1969-01-03
AU48630/69A AU443724B2 (en) 1969-01-03 1969-01-03 Drip level irrigation
US86112369A true 1969-09-25 1969-09-25

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999020402A1 (en) * 1997-10-19 1999-04-29 Peretz Rosenberg Drip irrigation devices and method of making same
WO2008052275A1 (en) * 2006-11-02 2008-05-08 Blue Diesel Pty Ltd A flow throttling apparatus
US20150313100A1 (en) * 2012-06-28 2015-11-05 Jain Irrigation Systems Limited On and off tube weight for drip irrigation
US20170164568A1 (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-06-15 Chi-Sung Tsai Drip irrigation emitter
CN107182621A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-09-22 青岛农业大学 Agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US484764A (en) * 1892-10-18 Apparatus for boring artesian wells
US1128634A (en) * 1913-12-11 1915-02-16 James A Talbot Casing-coupling.
US1802403A (en) * 1928-03-24 1931-04-28 New York Air Brake Co Angle cock
US1975495A (en) * 1933-01-17 1934-10-02 Superheater Co Ltd Method of making pipe joints
US2024901A (en) * 1933-03-15 1935-12-17 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Angle cock device
US2660457A (en) * 1950-04-14 1953-11-24 Adelaide H Mallon Telescopic handle
DE951799C (en) * 1953-06-13 1956-10-31 Adolf Wolf Device for quickly and completely emptying the drainage part of taps or preventing the dripping of liquid after the taps have been closed, in particular water taps
US2981072A (en) * 1957-02-21 1961-04-25 Philip J Brewington Drain pipe joint
CA711138A (en) * 1965-06-08 Hard Metals (Canada) Limited Extension drill rods
US3359013A (en) * 1965-09-03 1967-12-19 Hydril Co Deep well casing jont
FR1514437A (en) * 1966-02-17 1968-02-23 Drip irrigation device

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US484764A (en) * 1892-10-18 Apparatus for boring artesian wells
CA711138A (en) * 1965-06-08 Hard Metals (Canada) Limited Extension drill rods
US1128634A (en) * 1913-12-11 1915-02-16 James A Talbot Casing-coupling.
US1802403A (en) * 1928-03-24 1931-04-28 New York Air Brake Co Angle cock
US1975495A (en) * 1933-01-17 1934-10-02 Superheater Co Ltd Method of making pipe joints
US2024901A (en) * 1933-03-15 1935-12-17 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Angle cock device
US2660457A (en) * 1950-04-14 1953-11-24 Adelaide H Mallon Telescopic handle
DE951799C (en) * 1953-06-13 1956-10-31 Adolf Wolf Device for quickly and completely emptying the drainage part of taps or preventing the dripping of liquid after the taps have been closed, in particular water taps
US2981072A (en) * 1957-02-21 1961-04-25 Philip J Brewington Drain pipe joint
US3359013A (en) * 1965-09-03 1967-12-19 Hydril Co Deep well casing jont
FR1514437A (en) * 1966-02-17 1968-02-23 Drip irrigation device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999020402A1 (en) * 1997-10-19 1999-04-29 Peretz Rosenberg Drip irrigation devices and method of making same
WO2008052275A1 (en) * 2006-11-02 2008-05-08 Blue Diesel Pty Ltd A flow throttling apparatus
US20150313100A1 (en) * 2012-06-28 2015-11-05 Jain Irrigation Systems Limited On and off tube weight for drip irrigation
US10342187B2 (en) * 2012-06-28 2019-07-09 Jain Irrigation Systems Limited On and off tube weight for drip irrigation
US20170164568A1 (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-06-15 Chi-Sung Tsai Drip irrigation emitter
CN107182621A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-09-22 青岛农业大学 Agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method
CN107182632A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-09-22 青岛农业大学 The buried agricultural greenhouse system of drip irrigation pipe and greenhouse gardening method
CN107231974B (en) * 2017-01-17 2020-05-08 青岛农业大学 Drip irrigation water supply agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse planting method
CN107182632B (en) * 2017-01-17 2020-05-08 青岛农业大学 Drip irrigation pipe buried agricultural greenhouse system and greenhouse planting method

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