CN2826975Y - Soilless, hidden irrigation type culturing device for greenhouse - Google Patents

Soilless, hidden irrigation type culturing device for greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2826975Y
CN2826975Y CNU2005201278415U CN200520127841U CN2826975Y CN 2826975 Y CN2826975 Y CN 2826975Y CN U2005201278415 U CNU2005201278415 U CN U2005201278415U CN 200520127841 U CN200520127841 U CN 200520127841U CN 2826975 Y CN2826975 Y CN 2826975Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
liquid
tank
greenhouse
pool
pond
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2005201278415U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李永康
Original Assignee
李永康
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李永康 filed Critical 李永康
Priority to CNU2005201278415U priority Critical patent/CN2826975Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2826975Y publication Critical patent/CN2826975Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to a soilless hidden irrigation type culturing device for a greenhouse, which belongs to the field of agriculture. A liquid returning pool with same height as a water storage pool and a liquefying pool higher than the water storage pool are built in the water storage pool having an opening aligned with the ground surface. The liquid returning pool is communicated with the liquefying pool through a submersible pump and pipelines. A water inlet and a liquid outlet are arranged on relative walls of the liquefying pool, and a space under the bottom of the pool is empty. The submersible pump is arranged in the water storage pool which is communicated with the liquefying pool through the pipelines. A liquid flowing tank with two walls and a bottom is arranged in a position higher than the ground surface of the greenhouse, wherein one of the walls is provided with an upper row of air venting holes and a lower row of liquid inlet holes which are provided apart with equal distance. The outer wall of the liquid returning pool is provided with a liquid returning hole and is communicated with the end part of the liquid flowing tank. An equidistant U-shaped long culturing tank which is vertical to and connected with the liquid flowing tank is higher than the ground surface of the greenhouse; a plastic film, a pebble layer, a plastic braided tape and a sand layer are orderly laid on the inner wall of the equidistant U-shaped long culturing tank from bottom to top, and crops such as vegetables and fruits are planted in the sand layer. On the connecting part of the two tanks, the pebble layer in the culturing tank is abutted with the liquid inlet holes and outlet holes of the liquid flowing tank, and the sand layer is abutted with the air venting holes. The utility model is suitable for culturing the crops such as the vegetables, the fruits, etc. which are green and pollution-free in contrary seasons.

Description

The greenhouse does not have the dark culturing device of irritating of soil
1, technical field: greenhouse of the present utility model does not have the dark culturing device of irritating of soil and belongs to the horticultural gardening field.
2, background technology: crops such as green house planting vegetable melon and fruit are very universal, but mostly adopt the bright water mode of pouring, and cause indoor air humidity big, and the crop root oxygen content is few, is unfavorable for the growth of vegetable melon and fruit.
3, summary of the invention: the purpose of this utility model is to propose a kind of greenhouse that is beneficial to crop root absorption nutriment in a fertilizer and oxygen does not have the dark culturing device of irritating of soil.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that builds the opening tank concordant with ground by laying bricks or stones in the greenhouse, cover is built a liquid return tank and the liquefaction pond that exceed tank contour with tank in the pond, and two ponds are by immersible pump and pipeline connection.Have water inlet and liquid outlet on the pool wall of liquefaction pond, following unsettled at the bottom of the pond.Establish immersible pump in the tank, be communicated with the liquefaction pond by pipeline.Exceed ground, greenhouse installing two and help the logical liquid bath at an end, one is helped the equidistantly row's of having air-vent and row's liquid inlet/outlet down.The liquid return tank outer wall is opened return port and is communicated with logical liquid bath end.Exceed ground, greenhouse and build by laying bricks or stones and lead to the vertical and long cultivating groove of equidistant U-shaped that is connected of liquid bath, lay plastic film, gravel pebbles layer, plastic knitting band, layer of sand from bottom to top successively, plant crops such as vegetable melon and fruit in the layer of sand from the groove inwall.Boulder bed in the two groove junctions, cultivating groove is communicated with the liquid inlet/outlet of logical liquid bath, and layer of sand is communicated with air-vent.
Owing to adopt technique scheme, this device can make crop and damage by disease and insect completely cut off, and the crop blade face need not to spray insecticide, no salinity accumulation in the matrix, but temperature, humidity in Artificial Control greenhouse and the cultivating groove are suitable for the cultivating and growing of crop such as green non-pollution vegetables in improper season melon and fruit.
4, description of drawings: concrete structure of the present utility model is provided by following drawings and Examples
Fig. 1 is that the greenhouse does not have the dark culturing device structural representation of irritating of soil
Fig. 2 is that the greenhouse when removing cultivating groove does not have the dark culturing device structural representation of irritating of soil
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cultivating groove
Fig. 4 is the side diagrammatic sketch of cultivating groove
5, embodiment:
Legend: 1, ground 2, logical liquid bath 3, cultivating groove 4, return port 5, liquefaction pond 6, liquid outlet 7, water inlet 8, liquid return tank 9, tank 10, liquid inlet/outlet 11, air-vent 12, crop 13, layer of sand 14, braid over braid 15, gravel pebbles layer 16, film
Embodiment: shown in Fig. 1-4, the greenhouse do not have soil dark irritate culturing device by tank 9, liquefaction pond 5, liquid return tank 8, logical liquid bath 2, cultivating groove 3, immersible pump and pipeline for mainly to form.In the greenhouse, build the cuboid tank 9 of the opening brick mix structure concordant by laying bricks or stones with ground, the less cuboid pond of volume of in the pond, building two brick mix structures near pond one minor face cover, one pond and tank 9 are contour, as liquid return tank 8, another pond exceeds tank 9 conduct liquefaction 5, two ponds, pond by immersible pump and pipeline connection.Have two holes on the relative pool wall in liquefaction pond 5, one be that water inlet 7 one is liquid outlet 6, all is equiped with switch, unsettled below at the bottom of the pond.In the tank 9 immersible pump is set, is communicated with by the water inlet 7 of pipeline with liquefaction pond 5.Exceed ground, greenhouse installing two and help the logical liquid bath 2 at an end, liquid outlet 6 pipeline connections in itself and liquefaction pond 5 have the two rows through hole in a gang of equal intervals of logical liquid bath 2, and last row is an air-vent 11, and following row is a liquid inlet/outlet 10.Liquid return tank 8 outer walls are that tank 9 outer walls top has return port 4, are provided with switch, and these Kong Yutong liquid bath 2 ends are communicated with, and the position, hole is a little less than the liquid inlet/outlet 10 of this groove.Exceeding ground, greenhouse 15cm builds by laying bricks or stones and leads to the long cultivating grooves 3 of equidistant brick mix structure U-shaped cavity that liquid bath 2 is vertical and be connected, be close to the groove inwall and be covered with plastic film 16, lay gravel pebbles layer 15, plastic knitting band 14, layer of sand 13 on the film from bottom to top successively, plant crops 12 such as vegetable melon and fruit in the layer of sand 13.Logical liquid bath 2 and cultivating groove 3 junctions, dock with the liquid inlet/outlet 10 of logical liquid bath 2 gravel pebbles layer 15 bottom in the cultivating groove 3, and layer of sand 13 docks with air-vent 11.Vented cap has port lid on the greenhouse exterior wall, and the aperture leads directly to indoor stove furnace bottom.
The running of this device is as follows: the switch of closing the return port 4 of liquid return tank 8, the liquid fertilizer in liquefaction pond 5 dilutes through the water that immersible pump extracts in the tank 9, flow into logical liquid bath 2 through liquid outlet 6 again, and then flow into the gravel pebbles layer 15 of each cultivating groove 3 via liquid inlet/outlet 10, upwards appear infiltration layer of sand 13 by braid over braid 14, supply with vegetables root nutrient.Air-vent 11 by row on the logical liquid bath 2 is supplied with layer of sand 13 air.When humidity is excessive in the cultivating groove 3, close the switch of the liquid outlet 6 in liquefaction pond 5, open the switch of the return port 4 of liquid return tank 8, the liquid inlet/outlet 10 of liquid fertilizer on logical liquid bath 2 blows back into logical liquid bath 2 in the cultivating groove 3, enters liquid return tank 8 through this groove return port 4.The liquid fertilizer of collecting in the liquid return tank 8 pumps into liquefaction pond 5 through immersible pump and pipeline.Winter, when oxygen in the greenhouse is not enough, open the perforate on the exterior wall, fresh cold air heats up through the stove bottom heating, has avoided crop such as vegetable melon and fruit to catch a cold and " sudden strain of a muscle seedling " suddenly.In the time of need watering, get final product to logical liquid bath 2 pump water from tank 9.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of greenhouse does not have the dark culturing device of irritating of soil, by tank, the liquefaction pond, liquid return tank, logical liquid bath, cultivating groove, immersible pump and pipeline are main the composition, it is characterized in that: in the greenhouse, be provided with the opening tank concordant with ground, be with the liquid return tank and the liquefaction pond that exceed tank contour in the pond with tank, two ponds are by immersible pump and pipeline connection, have water inlet and liquid outlet on the relative pool wall in liquefaction pond, following unsettled at the bottom of the pond, be provided with immersible pump in the tank, be communicated with the liquefaction pond by pipeline, exceed ground, greenhouse and be equiped with the two logical liquid baths of helping an end, itself and liquefaction the pond the liquid outlet pipeline connection, a gang of equal intervals at logical liquid bath has row's air-vent and arranges liquid inlet/outlet down, the liquid return tank outer wall has return port and is communicated with logical liquid bath end, the position, hole is a little less than the liquid inlet/outlet of this groove, vertical with logical liquid bath and be connected with the long cultivating groove of equidistant U-shaped that exceeds ground, greenhouse, lay plastic film from bottom to top successively from the groove inwall, the gravel pebbles layer, the plastic knitting band, layer of sand, plantation vegetable melon and fruit crop in the layer of sand, two groove junctions, dock with the liquid inlet/outlet of logical liquid bath boulder bed bottom in the cultivating groove, and layer of sand docks with air-vent.
2, greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 does not have the dark culturing device of irritating of soil, and it is characterized in that: the water inlet and the liquid outlet place in liquefaction pond are provided with switch.
3, greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 does not have the dark culturing device of irritating of soil, and it is characterized in that: liquid return tank outer wall return port place is provided with switch.
CNU2005201278415U 2005-11-07 2005-11-07 Soilless, hidden irrigation type culturing device for greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN2826975Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2005201278415U CN2826975Y (en) 2005-11-07 2005-11-07 Soilless, hidden irrigation type culturing device for greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2005201278415U CN2826975Y (en) 2005-11-07 2005-11-07 Soilless, hidden irrigation type culturing device for greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2826975Y true CN2826975Y (en) 2006-10-18

Family

ID=37078530

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2005201278415U Expired - Fee Related CN2826975Y (en) 2005-11-07 2005-11-07 Soilless, hidden irrigation type culturing device for greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2826975Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783403A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-21 天津市农业资源与环境研究所 Cultivation trough suitable for cultivation of solanaceous fruit vegetables
CN103477959A (en) * 2012-06-14 2014-01-01 李泳康 Humidity and oxygen regulating device for soilless subsurface irrigation plant roots
CN104186240A (en) * 2014-09-19 2014-12-10 丹阳市云阳镇田园圣树专业合作社 Novel vegetable plantation

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103477959A (en) * 2012-06-14 2014-01-01 李泳康 Humidity and oxygen regulating device for soilless subsurface irrigation plant roots
CN102783403A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-21 天津市农业资源与环境研究所 Cultivation trough suitable for cultivation of solanaceous fruit vegetables
CN104186240A (en) * 2014-09-19 2014-12-10 丹阳市云阳镇田园圣树专业合作社 Novel vegetable plantation
CN104186240B (en) * 2014-09-19 2016-08-17 丹阳市云阳镇田园圣树专业合作社 A kind of novel vegetable plantation

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GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee