CN2726299Y - Nutrient solution plant cultivator - Google Patents

Nutrient solution plant cultivator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2726299Y
CN2726299Y CNU2004200346567U CN200420034656U CN2726299Y CN 2726299 Y CN2726299 Y CN 2726299Y CN U2004200346567 U CNU2004200346567 U CN U2004200346567U CN 200420034656 U CN200420034656 U CN 200420034656U CN 2726299 Y CN2726299 Y CN 2726299Y
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China
Prior art keywords
nutrient solution
plant cultivation
water
cultivator
pipe
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2004200346567U
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Chinese (zh)
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朱德华
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朱德华
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Priority to CNU2004200346567U priority Critical patent/CN2726299Y/en
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Publication of CN2726299Y publication Critical patent/CN2726299Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to a nutrient solution plant cultivating device which is composed of a cylindrical vessel body, an isolating layer which is arranged in the middle of the inner chamber of the vessel and divides the cultivating device into an upper plant cultivation chamber and a lower nutrient solution chamber, a nutrient fluid feeding pipe which sends the nutrient solution to the soil layer, etc. The utility model is characterized in that a water vapor exhausting component which is composed of a ring form exhaust pipe and a nutrient solution replenishing exhaust pipe is installed below the isolating layer, and a layer of water absorbing pearlite is also filled between the isolating layer and the cultivating soil. The economization of the water and the fertilizer can be realized, the growth of the plants is favorable, and the trouble of often watering and fertilizing is avoided by making use of the utility model. The utility model especially solves the difficulty of the plant cultivation in the water-deficiency environments and areas such as mountain ridges, deserts, etc., and also solves the environmental pollution problem in the flower management of the locations such as families, hotels, conference halls, etc.

Description

The nutrient solution plant cultivation apparatus
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of patent utensil that utilizes nutritional liquid grown plant.
Background technology
How existing plant-culturing tool is cultivated management with floriculture and near the flowers and trees indoor or dwelling house and is designed for purpose, single from using water wisely, free from environmental pollutionly consider for starting point.Thereby do not fit into such plant-culturing tool is generalized to the field, fields such as the mountain ridge or road, park are gone to use.In addition, on the structure,, between two containers, form water container, only solved the effect that a unnecessary water is collected storage no matter be to be provided with water container in the cultivator bottom or to adopt inside and outside two basin bodies or cylindrical shell is nested.What also have is being equipped with water sucting part between the water container at the bottom of cultivating soil and the basin, allows water be drawn onto purpose in the soil to reach, and can solve the trouble of often watering.Just belong to this type of cultivator as application number for " 87105492 " patent application technology.Its weak point is the draining vapour structure that does not have good permeability between separation layer and water container at the bottom of the basin in the cultivator, and the steam of the water generates in the water container is arranged and do not gone out and make plant root whisker be in impregnation state for a long time, causes rotting, and influences the growth of plant.Its two, soil directly is filled in the separation layer upper surface, easily the air-vent of separation layer is stopped up, too much moisture can't be dredged and drop in water container, makes soil compaction, plant rots root, also affects the normal growth of plant.Traditional floriculture utensil as the flowerpot class, is only opened a spout hole in bottom center, has solved unnecessary watery diarrhea and has gone out, but cause liquid manure to run off in a large number, waste water resource, contaminated environment simultaneously, soil hardens easily, to making troubles in the floriculture management, can not cultivate healthy and strong flowers and trees again.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to disclose a kind ofly can avoid the prior art deficiency, guarantee that flowers and trees grow up strong and sturdy in cultivator, good permeability, the water and fertilizer utilization height, water-saving result is good, and can promote the use of on large-scale style in the park, the flower stand, in the middle of the urban road or the greenbelt of both sides and be used for multiple kinds of crops a kind of nutrient solution plant cultivation apparatus of scope such as grow seedlings as the bed formula booth technology of growing seedlings.
The concrete scheme that realizes above-mentioned purpose is as follows:
A kind of nutrient solution plant cultivation apparatus, by columnar container body, separation layer at the container intracavity middle part is divided into cultivator the plant cultivation chamber on top, the nutrition liquid chamber of bottom and nutrient solution attracted to deliver to formation such as edaphic nutrient solution supply pipe, key is equipped with a nutrient solution that is made of annular row tracheae and the additional blast pipe of nutrient solution and replenishes draining vapour parts below separation layer, also be filled with the floating slag that produces in one deck suction perlite or the iron and steel smelting process between separation layer and cultivating soil.
What described nutrient solution was supplied with casing pack is sponge suction bar; The inner chamber that annular row tracheae and nutrient solution replenish blast pipe is communicated with; Also have on the following top layer of annular row tracheae and to allow the steam that produces in the nutrition liquid chamber enter a plurality of air admission holes in the pipe.
Further scheme is an automatic temperature-controlled electrothermal tube to be installed constitute the heat-insulating and cold formula plant cultivation apparatus that a northern winter-spring season of adaptation gardens in the nutrition liquid chamber of described cultivator; A nutrient solution is replenished the crooked an angle of 90 degrees of blast pipe replenish dedicated pipe as nutrient solution, another root nutrient solution replenishes upright of blast pipe and makes blast pipe, makes to adapt to the horizontal nutriculture pot of using on large-scale style in park or the flower stand; According to the basic structure of nutriculture pot, the separation layer support of a plurality of cultivators is linked together, constitute the greenhouse cultivation device that an adaptation soilless culture of using as various vegetables class plant requires.A plurality of described cultivators are cooperated formation urban road street tree cultivator with the running water droping irrigating pipe; Make the drip irrigation hole of droping irrigating pipe aim at the flowers and trees of nutriculture pot, pouring water of control arranged, the nutrient solution of unnecessary water and prepackage mix to be stored, using water wisely greatly, and guarantee that flowers and trees water the urban road street tree cultivator that just need rewater every the long period behind water.Sidewall around more than the separation layer of cultivator is made into the gaily decorated basket shape of a series of holes, becomes the single hose cultivator that is adapted to desert afforestation and economic crops growing nursery and culture.
Good effect of the present utility model be below separation layer, install replenish the exhaust component that blast pipe and feet thereof constitute by annular row tracheae and nutrient solution, can effectively directly be discharged to the steam that produces in the nutrition liquid chamber in the air, effectively avoided the dipping harm of the steam that rises in the nutrition liquid chamber to plant root whisker, can join the nutrient solution that need add the nutrition liquid chamber from the additional exhaust pipe mouth of nutrient solution again simultaneously and store, absorb on demand by the absorbent sponge bar by plant.Also play separation layer, suction pearl rock stratum and the edaphic effect of supporting top.Solved the trouble of often watering, applying fertilizer, reached using water wisely again and make full use of the effect of fertilizer.So once replenished enough after the nutrient solution, can keep the long period and not water liquid manure.If added too much liquid manure, can discharge from spout hole again, autotelic being put in the container can not pollute environment.Particularly the management of indoor growing flowers just can be avoided polluting fully.The suction pearl rock stratum of filling above separation layer has effectively solved the hydrophobic and ventilative condition of top soil.Avoid soil compaction, or moisture assembles and too much to cause plant growing not prosperous, even withered problem.Utilize this to be suitable for novel growing seedlings, because be transplanted to land for growing field crops or field together with cultivator, so, it can be used for the greening of desert, drought and water shortage environmental area, plateau, the water and the nutrient solution that add every a period of time are to send into from the nutritional supplementation blast pipe, store in the bottom nutrition liquid chamber, except plant absorbed on demand, moisture can be by the inaction evaporation.The water and fertilizer utilization height.General plant-culturing tool needed 1 year to change soil one time under the normal condition, could guarantee that plant growing is vigorous.And the cultivator that adopts the utility model to provide changed a soil and just can guarantee that plant growing is vigorous in four to five years.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the annular row tracheae of separation layer below installation and shape and the connected mode figure that nutrient solution replenishes blast pipe;
To be the utility model be the horizontal mode schematic diagram of installing and using to Fig. 3 on the large-scale flower stand on park, square, style;
Fig. 4 is extended to a form schematic diagram of formula greenhouse cultivation device by the utility model version;
Fig. 5 has installed automatic temperature-controlled electric heating tube to become heat-preserving anti-freezing formula cultivator schematic diagram in the nutrition liquid chamber;
Fig. 6 is that the utility model is used formation urban road street tree cultivator form schematic diagram at street planting band and drip irrigation pipe.
Fig. 7 is a gaily decorated basket shape single hose cultivator planform schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, scheme is described further as embodiment.
With reference to Fig. 1,2, the utility model is a kind of nutriculture pot, and its profile is a cylindrical shell 10, also can make common flowerpot type, it is to place the soil that cultivated plant is used that there are a separation layer 2, its top in the inner chamber middle part, and the bottom is a nutrition liquid chamber 1 of storing nutrient solution.For soil can not hardened, good permeability, hydrophobic ability is strong, increases one deck suction pearl rock stratum 3 between separation layer 2 and soil horizon, the floating slag that produces during also available iron and steel smelting.By three feets 8 annular blast pipe 7 is installed below separation layer 2, nutrient solution replenishes blast pipe 4 and presses close to barrel, and end opening and 7 affixed connections of annular row tracheae, epimere pass separation layer 2, pearl rock stratum 3 and soil horizon to reach cylindrical shell 10 suitable for reading.Have a plurality of air admission holes 11 on the lower wall of annular row tracheae 7, collection comes from the steam that the indoor natural evaporation of nutrient solution is risen, replenish blast pipe 4 from nutrient solution and be discharged to the air, simultaneously, nutrient solution replenishes blast pipe 4 and ring pipe 7 is again the passage that inwardly adds nutrient solution and moisture.Open spout hole 6 on the barrel of separation layer below, be used for when nutrient solution that adds or excess moisture, the discharge of control being arranged, avoid contaminated environment.The extraction of plant desired nutritional liquid realizes by many nutrient solution feeding pipes 5, nutrient solution feeding pipe 5 passes suction pearl rock stratum 3 from edaphic bottom and separation layer 2 directly stretches in the nutrition liquid chamber 1, be filled with water-absorbing sponge 9 in the nutrient solution supply pipe 5, plant desired nutritional and moisture are drawn from the nutrition liquid chamber by growth requirement nature fully.
With reference to Fig. 1,5, based on this cultivator, a temperature automatically controlled electrothermal tube 12 is installed in its nutrition liquid chamber 1, promptly constitute a kind of plant cultivation apparatus of heat-preserving anti-freezing, can satisfy northern China winter and the floriculture down of environment in season in the early spring is managed.
With reference to Fig. 1,3, a nutrient solution of this cultivator is replenished blast pipe 4 crooked an angle of 90 degrees nutrition dedicated pipe as a supplement, be on the horizontal large-scale style or flower stand that is installed in the park, form a kind of horizontal plant cultivation apparatus, can solve the problem of watering, replenishing fertilising preferably, realize using water wisely to greatest extent and water long requirement blanking time.
With reference to Fig. 1,4, utilize the basic structure form of the disclosed cultivator of the utility model, be made into a bed formula cultivator, promptly cylindrical shell 10 is done rectangularity, the length and width size can reach several meters as required, the shared nutrition liquid chamber 1 of a plurality of cultivators.Be used for the soilless culture of plant, its survival rate height, fast growth, growing way is prosperous.Do not need often to water liquid manure, save the labour, more can make full use of water resource.Thereby reduce production costs, improve the anti-adverse environment ability of crop.Special adaptation island does not have the place of native environment or soil condition difference and uses the cultivation of solution greengrocery crop.
With reference to Fig. 1,6, in road both sides, city or middle greenbelt, generally all plant short trees or flowers, watering also is a frequent and big problem of workload, and is again the engineering of wasting water, adopt this cultivator to cooperate with drip irrigation pipeline 13, make the flowers and trees of drip irrigation hole in this cultivator on the drip irrigation pipe 13, unnecessary seepage is in the nutrition liquid chamber 1 of cultivator bottom, and storage is got up, by the water-absorbing sponge 9 in the nutrient solution feeding pipe 5, when needing, plant uses again.A large amount of current lose or evaporation when just having avoided watering; Do not need again often to water.
With reference to Fig. 1,7, the separation layer 2 of cultivator is made into the gaily decorated basket shape single hose cultivator of a series of holes 14 with the sidewall on top, can be used for the greening under the desert Environment, economic crops, plantation as flue-cured tobacco, from the transplanting of growing seedlings, the overall process of growth is all finished in cultivator, its growth of nutrient supply that plant is provided by bottom nutrition liquid chamber 1 in the seedling district, arrived under the environment of land for growing field crops and progressively grown up, coring passes from hole 14, absorbing the nutrient in the soil when growing under the support of bottom nutrition liquid chamber 1 again, fully independently grows in soil environment in the top of finally bursting cultivator.
Cylindrical shell of the present utility model, separation layer and nutrient solution replenish blast pipe, all can use plastics, Or pottery mud is fired. Annular row tracheae, nutrient solution supply pipe adopt plastic tube more economical usually. Ring Three feets of shape pipe make of wooden, rigid plastics, and the semi-surrounding form is stuck in ring pipe Lower Half plays again simultaneously and supports in whole separation layer and above all cultivator inner chambers thereof The effect of material.
So it is green that the utility model can be widely used in family, hotel, conference hall, park, city Plant culture under change, farmland, the mountain ridge, the various environmental conditions in desert. Relative Common Cultivation device Tool can significantly reduce the use amount of water resource and fertilizer, can not form waste. Can save again simultaneously The labour is used in approximately a large amount of management, and the plant culture that has particularly solved drought mountain or desert area lacks The difficulty of water. As the cultivation of industrial crops, the repeated multiple times use of its energy, cost can not increase yet What add, compare and to ignore with the economic benefit of its generation.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of nutrient solution plant cultivation apparatus, by columnar container body (10), separation layer (2) at the container intracavity middle part is divided into cultivator the plant cultivation chamber on top, the nutrition liquid chamber (1) of bottom and nutrient solution is attracted to deliver to edaphic nutrient solution supply pipe (5) constitute, it is characterized in that in the below of separation layer (2) nutrient solution that is made of annular row tracheae (7) and the additional blast pipe (4) of nutrient solution being installed replenishes draining vapour parts, also is filled with the floating slag that produces in one deck suction perlite (3) or the iron and steel smelting process between separation layer (2) and cultivating soil.
2, a kind of nutrient solution plant cultivation apparatus according to claim 1, what it is characterized in that the interior filling of nutrient solution supply pipe (5) is sponge suction bar (9).
3, a kind of nutrient solution plant cultivation apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that annular row tracheae (7) and nutrient solution replenish the inner chamber connection of blast pipe (4); Also have on the following top layer of annular row tracheae (7) and to allow the steam that produces in the nutrition liquid chamber (1) enter a plurality of air admission holes (11) in the pipe.
4, according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of nutrient solution plant cultivation apparatus, it is characterized in that in the nutrition liquid chamber (1) of described cultivator, an automatic temperature-controlled electrothermal tube (12) being installed.
5,, it is characterized in that a nutrient solution replenishes the crooked an angle of 90 degrees of blast pipe (4) and replenishes dedicated pipe as nutrient solution according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of nutrient solution plant cultivation apparatus.
6,, it is characterized in that the above sidewall on every side of separation layer (2) cultivator is manufactured with the gaily decorated basket shape of a series of holes (14) according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of nutrient solution plant cultivation apparatus.
CNU2004200346567U 2004-05-05 2004-05-05 Nutrient solution plant cultivator Expired - Fee Related CN2726299Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392529A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-11-20 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 Flowerpot with continuous fertilizing function
CN103583332A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Pinellia ternate and eggplant organic composite farm
CN103583327A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Organic-soil-planting composite-type farm
CN103583331A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Composite organic planting farm
CN107232048A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-10-10 深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司 Tubular cultivation device
CN107646435A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-02 王艳平 A kind of bletilla striata device for raising seedlings
CN110337924A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-10-18 内蒙古自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of cuttage and quick-propagation method of small diversiform-leaved poplar breeding
CN111481683A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-08-04 西藏天虹科技股份有限责任公司 Degerming equipment is used in rhodiola rosea processing
CN111512831A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-08-11 浙江省亚热带作物研究所 Preparation method and application of cordyceps sobolifera oligosaccharide and plant cultivation device utilizing cordyceps sobolifera oligosaccharide to resist disease

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392529B (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-05-06 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 Flowerpot with continuous fertilizing function
CN103392529A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-11-20 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 Flowerpot with continuous fertilizing function
CN103583332B (en) * 2013-10-22 2016-06-15 重庆市喜植机械设备有限公司 The Rhizoma Pinelliae and Fructus Solani melongenae organic composite farm
CN103583331A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Composite organic planting farm
CN103583327A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Organic-soil-planting composite-type farm
CN103583327B (en) * 2013-10-22 2016-06-15 重庆市喜植机械设备有限公司 Organic-soil-plantincomposite-type composite-type farm
CN103583332A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-19 重庆市才诗科技发展中心 Pinellia ternate and eggplant organic composite farm
CN107232048A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-10-10 深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司 Tubular cultivation device
CN107232048B (en) * 2017-06-01 2020-06-26 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 Tubular cultivation device
CN107646435A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-02 王艳平 A kind of bletilla striata device for raising seedlings
CN110337924A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-10-18 内蒙古自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of cuttage and quick-propagation method of small diversiform-leaved poplar breeding
CN111512831A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-08-11 浙江省亚热带作物研究所 Preparation method and application of cordyceps sobolifera oligosaccharide and plant cultivation device utilizing cordyceps sobolifera oligosaccharide to resist disease
CN111481683A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-08-04 西藏天虹科技股份有限责任公司 Degerming equipment is used in rhodiola rosea processing

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Granted publication date: 20050921