CN206744046U - Tilting greenhouse system - Google Patents

Tilting greenhouse system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206744046U
CN206744046U CN201720620619.1U CN201720620619U CN206744046U CN 206744046 U CN206744046 U CN 206744046U CN 201720620619 U CN201720620619 U CN 201720620619U CN 206744046 U CN206744046 U CN 206744046U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
framework
upper end
motor
greenhouse system
film rolling
Prior art date
Application number
CN201720620619.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦春明
秦晓汉
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秦春明
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Priority to CN2017101648369 priority
Application filed by 秦春明 filed Critical 秦春明
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Publication of CN206744046U publication Critical patent/CN206744046U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/10Relating to general water supply, e.g. municipal or domestic water supply
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/252Constructional details of greenhouses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/264Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, or watering

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of tilting greenhouse system, including upper end framework, bottom framework and middle link, middle link is connected between upper end framework and bottom framework and forms support frame, upper end framework is located at the oblique upper of bottom framework, and canopy film is provided between upper end framework and bottom framework;Greenhouse system also includes Film rolling mechanism, and Film rolling mechanism includes motor, film rolling axis and universal driving device, and motor is set by universal driving device and wound membrane axis connection, the axis of the rotating shaft of motor and the Axis Cross of film rolling axis;Film rolling axis are inclined between upper end framework and bottom framework, and canopy film is provided for the guiding mechanism of guide support motor movement on film rolling axis on upper end framework or bottom framework.Realize and build greenhouse in inclined foundation surface, reduce construction cost caused by level land, improve the use reliability of tilting greenhouse system.

Description

Tilting greenhouse system

Technical field

It the utility model is related to agricultural engineering technology field, more particularly to a kind of tilting greenhouse system.

Background technology

At present, greenhouse gardening technology is widely promoted, wherein, used greenhouse is typically by support frame and canopy film group Into canopy film is supported to form warmhouse booth by support frame.And greenhouse is in actual build process, it usually needs smooth Ground on build, for building greenhouse on massif, it usually needs leveling processing is first carried out to massif to obtain horizontal build If plane, then, building for greenhouse can be carried out, only build mode using above-mentioned, can meet that canopy film is received in greenhouse The requirement of ventilation is rolled up, specifically, being rotated using the motor driving film rolling axis in wound membrane machine, canopy film is wound or deployed by film rolling axis. But because, it is necessary to be flattened to massif, this will cause greenhouse construction cost to increase under the geographical environmental conditions such as massif, Influence the popularization of Polyhouse technology.How to design the greenhouse that a kind of construction cost is low and use reliability is high is that the utility model is wanted The technical problem of solution.

Utility model content

Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is:A kind of tilting greenhouse system is provided, realized inclined Primary surface builds greenhouse, reduces construction cost caused by level land, improves the use reliability of tilting greenhouse system.

Technical scheme provided by the utility model is:A kind of tilting greenhouse system, including upper end framework, bottom frame Frame and middle link, the middle link, which is connected between the upper end framework and the bottom framework, forms support Framework, it is characterised in that the upper end framework is located at the oblique upper of the bottom framework, the upper end framework and described Canopy film is provided between the framework of bottom;The greenhouse system also includes Film rolling mechanism, and the Film rolling mechanism includes motor, wound membrane Axle and universal driving device, the motor pass through the universal driving device and the wound membrane axis connection, the rotating shaft of the motor The Axis Cross of axis and the film rolling axis set;The film rolling axis are inclined at the upper end framework and the lower end Between portion's framework, the canopy film sets on the film rolling axis, on the upper end framework or the bottom framework and used In the guiding mechanism that motor described in guide support moves.

Further, the guiding mechanism includes swinging mounting, and the swinging mounting can be relative to the upper end Framework or the bottom frame member, the motor are fixed on the swinging mounting.

Further, the guiding mechanism includes swing arm and sliding seat, and the swing arm can be relative to the upper end Framework or the bottom frame member, the sliding seat are slidably arranged in the swing arm, and the motor is fixed on the cunning On dynamic seat.

Further, the guiding mechanism includes upright guide rail and sliding seat, and the upright guide rail is fixed on described On upper end framework or the bottom framework, the sliding seat is slidably arranged on the upright guide rail, and the motor is fixed On the sliding seat.

Further, the universal driving device is Hooks coupling universal coupling, universal joint or universal connection rod.

Further, the two side of the support frame is respectively arranged with the canopy film, and the canopy film per side is correspondingly matched somebody with somebody It is equipped with the Film rolling mechanism.

Further, arc support is formed on the top of the support frame, is equipped with the arc support described Canopy film.

Further, the mounting surface of the support frame bottom is inclined earth's surface reference plane;In the support frame also The water leg for collecting the rainwater flowed down from the canopy film is provided with, the greenhouse system also includes feed pipe and the collection water capacity Device, some delivery ports is provided with the tube wall of the feed pipe, the water leg is connected with the collecting container respectively, the confession Water pipe is connected with the collecting container;The lower edges of the support frame are provided with annular and blocked water enclosing, and the annular blocks water The top of enclosing is located on the earth's surface reference plane, the annular block water enclosing bottom be located at the earth's surface reference plane it Under, the feed pipe is located under the earth's surface reference plane and blocked water enclosing less than the annular.

Further, the greenhouse system also includes controller, and the upper and lower part of the feed pipe is correspondingly arranged on Humidity sensor and lower humidity sensor, the feed pipe are connected by magnetic valve with the collecting container, and the upper humidity passes Sensor, lower humidity sensor and the magnetic valve are connected with the controller respectively;The upper humidity sensor and it is described under it is wet Degree sensor is respectively positioned under the earth's surface reference plane.

Compared with prior art, the advantages of the utility model and good effect is:Tilting provided by the utility model is big Canopy system, by using the upper end framework and bottom framework of high low setting, it can meet that greenhouse is enterprising in inclined ground Row is built, and can so efficiently reduce the construction cost spent required for smooth mountain region, meanwhile, motor is filled by Universal drive Put driving film rolling axis to rotate, the rotating shaft of motor and film rolling axis are arranged in a crossed manner, on the one hand ensure that motor can be according to the level of routine Mounting means is installed, it is ensured that motor is capable of the operation of steady and smooth, and another aspect film rolling axis can be according to greenhouse inclination side To being in tilted layout, preferably to carry out winding or the opening of canopy film, in the presence of universal driving device, can avoid inclining Rotating shaft of the oblique film rolling axis to motor produces inclined resistance, it is ensured that motor can reliably be run for a long time, reduce motor Rotating shaft is damaged because by deflecting force, improves the use reliability of tilting greenhouse system.

Brief description of the drawings

, below will be to embodiment in order to illustrate more clearly of the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art Or the required accompanying drawing used is briefly described in description of the prior art, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are Some embodiments of the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, do not paying the premise of creative labor Under, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart one of the utility model tilting greenhouse system embodiment one;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation one of the utility model tilting greenhouse system embodiment one;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation two of the utility model tilting greenhouse system embodiment one;

Fig. 4 is the structure principle chart of the utility model tilting greenhouse system embodiment two;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the utility model tilting greenhouse system embodiment two;

Fig. 6 is the structure principle chart of the utility model tilting greenhouse system embodiment three;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the utility model tilting greenhouse system embodiment three;

Fig. 8 is the structure principle chart two of the utility model greenhouse system;

Fig. 9 is the layout of feed pipe and humidity sensor in the utility model greenhouse system.

Embodiment

It is new below in conjunction with this practicality to make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the utility model embodiment clearer Accompanying drawing in type embodiment, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model is clearly and completely described, it is clear that is retouched The embodiment stated is the utility model part of the embodiment, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the implementation in the utility model Example, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, is belonged to The scope of the utility model protection.

As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the present embodiment tilting greenhouse system, including upper end framework 1, bottom framework 2 and in Between link 3, the middle link 3 is connected between the upper end framework 1 and the bottom framework 2 and forms carriage Frame, the upper end framework 1 are located at the oblique upper of the bottom framework 2, the upper end framework 1 and the bottom framework Canopy film 4 is provided between 2;The greenhouse system also includes Film rolling mechanism 5, and the Film rolling mechanism 5 includes motor 51, film rolling axis 52 With universal driving device 53, the motor 51 is connected by the universal driving device 53 with the film rolling axis 52, the motor The Axis Cross of the axis of 51 rotating shaft and the film rolling axis 52 is set;The film rolling axis 52 are inclined at the upper end frame Between frame 1 and the bottom framework 2, the canopy film 4 is on the film rolling axis 52, the upper end framework 1 or described The guiding mechanism 54 that motor 51 described in guide support moves is provided on bottom framework 2.

Specifically, have one between the upper end framework 1 and bottom framework 2 in the present embodiment tilting greenhouse system Fixed difference in height, here enable greenhouse is inclined to be arranged under the isoclinal foundation condition of massif, wherein, upper end framework 1 and bottom framework 2 using perpendicular to horizontal plane direction erect be arranged on ground on, upper end framework 1 and bottom Framework 2 is connected to form support frame by middle link 3, and canopy film 4 is laid on the support frame as needed.Tilting Ground where greenhouse system will form angle α between horizontal plane, and in actual build process, it is only necessary to the table of massif Face carries out slight finishing operations, and construction cost can will be so substantially reduced to build greenhouse to obtain smooth inclined ground, Simultaneously as level levelling ground need not be carried out, just the soil of height need not be transported to lower, the soil of such eminence Rock or the raw-soil will not be exposed, still keeps being easy to the mellow soil of plant growth, just may insure the balanced growth of crops, solution With certainly mountain ridge mound in the prior art etc. entirely occurred afterwards under environmental condition eminence crop growth it is poor the problem of.Its In, it is aerated to open canopy film 4, for canopy film 4 also on film rolling axis 52, motor 51 drives film rolling axis 52 to rotate, To realize the winding of canopy film 4 ventilation or expansion insulation, and motor 51 is supported by guiding mechanism 54 and guide motor 51 move, it is generally the case that the Installation posture of motor 51 is identical with the Installation posture of motor in conventional greenhouse, so can be with The difficulty of installation and debugging motor 51 is reduced, so, motor 51 will move in the vertical plane perpendicular to horizontal plane, with lower end Exemplified by setting guiding mechanism 54 on portion's framework 2, in the rotation process of film rolling axis 52 is driven, film rolling axis 52 will be wound motor 51 Or open canopy film 4 and height and position change occurs, motor 51 follows film rolling axis under the support of guiding mechanism 54 and guiding 52 movements.Wherein, universal driving device 53 can be the mechanisms such as Hooks coupling universal coupling, universal joint or universal connection rod.

Wherein, canopy film 4 can be arranged on the different parts of support frame, also, the canopy film 4 at diverse location as needed Configuration Film rolling mechanism 5 carries out wound membrane ventilation operation as needed.Require to carry out below in conjunction with different open of the accompanying drawing for canopy film 4 Explanation.

As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, arc support is formed on the top of the support frame, is equipped with the arc support The canopy film 4, and in order to carry out winding processing for the canopy film 4 at the top of support frame, guiding mechanism 54 is swinging mounting, The swinging mounting can rotate relative to the upper end framework 1 or the bottom framework 2, and the motor 51 is fixed on described On swinging mounting.Specifically, so that swinging mounting is spindle rotationally arranged on bottom framework 2 as an example, swinging mounting passes through rotation Axle is arranged on bottom framework 2, and motor 51 is driven in the rotation process of film rolling axis 52, and swinging mounting will be rotated to drive support electricity Machine 51 is rotated relative to bottom framework 2.

As shown in fig. 4-5, the guiding mechanism 54 includes swing arm 541 and sliding seat 542, and the swing arm 541 can Rotated relative to the upper end framework 1 or the bottom framework 2, the sliding seat 542 is slidably arranged in the swing arm 541 On, the motor 51 is fixed on the sliding seat 542.Specifically, bottom framework is arranged on by rotary shaft with swing arm 541 Exemplified by 2, motor 51 is driven in the rotation process of film rolling axis 52, and swing arm 541 will be swung, meanwhile, sliding seat 542 is in swing arm Slided on 541 so that support motor 51 moves relative to bottom framework 2, as film rolling axis 52 persistently wind canopy film 4, motor With moving up on 51, part as depicted in dashed lines.

As Figure 6-Figure 7, the guiding mechanism 54 includes upright guide rail 541 and sliding seat 542, described to lead vertically Rail 541 is fixed on the upper end framework 1 or the bottom framework 2, and the sliding seat 542 is slidably arranged in described vertical On guide rail 541, the motor 51 is fixed on the sliding seat 542, and lower end is fixed on by fixed support with upright guide rail 541 Exemplified by portion's framework 2, motor 51 is driven in the rotation process of film rolling axis 52, and sliding seat 542 moves up and down along upright guide rail 541, So that support motor 51 moves relative to bottom framework 2.Wherein, can be set respectively in the two side of support frame as needed The canopy film 4 is equipped with, the canopy film 4 per side is corresponding to be configured with the Film rolling mechanism 5.

Tilting greenhouse system provided by the utility model, by using the upper end framework and bottom frame of high low setting Frame, can meet that greenhouse is built on inclined ground, cost required for can so efficiently reducing smooth mountain region Construction cost, meanwhile, motor drives film rolling axis to rotate by universal driving device, and the rotating shaft of motor and film rolling axis are arranged in a crossed manner, On the one hand ensuring that motor can be installed according to the mode that is horizontally mounted of routine, it is ensured that motor is capable of the operation of steady and smooth, Another aspect film rolling axis can be in tilted layout according to greenhouse incline direction, preferably to carry out winding or the opening of canopy film, In the presence of universal driving device, rotating shaft of the inclined film rolling axis to motor can be avoided to produce inclined resistance, it is ensured that electricity Machine can reliably be run for a long time, and the rotating shaft for reducing motor is damaged because by deflecting force, improve tilting greenhouse system Use reliability.

Based on above-mentioned technical proposal, optionally, as illustrated in figs. 8-9, the carriage of the present embodiment tilting greenhouse system Frame bottom mounting surface is declined ground reference plane A, is additionally provided with support frame for collecting what is flow down from the canopy film 4 The water leg 11 of rainwater, the present embodiment tilting greenhouse system also feed pipe 6 and collecting container 7;The water leg 11 with it is described Collecting container 7 is connected, and the feed pipe 6 is connected with the collecting container 7;The lower edges of the support frame are provided with annular Block water enclosing 8, and the block water top of enclosing 8 of the annular is located on the earth's surface reference plane A, and the annular blocks water enclosing 8 Bottom is located under the earth's surface reference plane A, and the feed pipe 6 is located under the earth's surface reference plane A and is less than the annular Block water enclosing 8.

Specifically, the present embodiment tilting greenhouse system earth's surface reference plane A is the soil surface that greenhouse is built in, and In capital construction, set annular to block water enclosing 8 around greenhouse, can stop rain outside greenhouse using the annular enclosing 8 that blocks water Water is penetrated into the surface soil layer in greenhouse from earth's surface, so that it is guaranteed that the earth's surface inside greenhouse keeps drying the state of arid, this In plant growing process of the sample in greenhouse, directly the root system 101 of crops 100 is supplied water under earth's surface using feed pipe 6, To ensure that earth's surface is in the state of arid, the weeds of earth's surface are because water shortage is difficult germination or existence, while the earth's surface dried causes The humidity of greenhouse inner space is maintained at relatively low level, so that bacterium insects are difficult the growth and breeding on crops 100, The usage amount of agricultural chemicals can be substantially reduced, meanwhile, it can prevent to use herbicide, go manually to remove without a large amount of labours are expended Grass, reach the purpose of green plantation;Simultaneously as feed pipe 6 is embedded under earth's surface, the water that feed pipe 6 supplies directly supplies To the root system 101 of crops 100, overcome earth's surface watering in the prior art to cause large quantity of moisture to be scattered and disappeared by evaporation, reduce water consumption; Root system 101 can obtain the output of abundance, and that peasant household can be easy to dig is ventilative for the earth's surface dried, and can greatly improve agricultural production The quality of product.Wherein, water leg 11 can be arranged between upper end framework 1 and bottom framework 2, and water leg 11 is tilted and set Put, and multiple collecting containers 7 can be set according to physical features difference in height for collecting container 7, the subsection setup of water leg 11 is with respectively The rainwater that the conveying of collecting container 7 to different height opening position is collected, and the collecting container 7 at different height and positions is to its underpart The feed pipe 6 of corresponding region supplies water, it is ensured that and the feed pipe 6 being connected with the collecting container 7 is located at the lower section of the collecting container 7, from And it can meet to utilize the unpowered water supply of gravity.Water leg 11 is provided with delivery port 12, and the delivery port 12 connects described catchment Container 7, rainwater catchment is collected into collecting container 7 in the rainy day, when usually watering, the water in collecting container 7 can be utilized Feed pipe 6 is conveyed to, and because collecting container 7 is located at the top of the corresponding height space of feed pipe 6, only need controller to open and supply Water solenoid valve 61, it is possible to supplied water using flow by gravity, so as to reduce power consumption.Wherein, during capital construction, the annular The enclosing 8 that blocks water can be ring-shaped splash guard, annular plastics film, annular water blocking belt or annular civil engineering waterwall, and the present embodiment is to ring The performance entity of form drag water enclosing 8 is not limited.In addition, the height dimension of the present embodiment middle ring form drag water enclosing 8, according to locality The growth depth of weeds species root system determines that the requirement that the depth to ensure earth's surface drying soil layer is unsatisfactory for weed growth is defined, And the burying depth of feed pipe 6, depending on the growth depth of crop root system, and because the growth depth of crop root system is big In the growth depth of weeds root system, so that feed pipe 6 can only supply water to crops, earth's surface certain depth is ensured all the time Soil layer keeps the state of arid, and the present embodiment is not done to annular the block water height dimension of enclosing 8, the burying depth size of feed pipe 6 Limitation.

Further, in order to realize that automatic irrigation is planted, the present embodiment tilting greenhouse system also includes controller(Not Diagram), the level switch being connected with the controller is provided with the collecting container 7(It is not shown), the collecting container 7 Bottom be provided with interface, the interface is connected with water pump 71, in the case that in rainy season, amount of rainfall is larger, when level switch examine When measuring the water in collecting container 7 and reaching highest moisture storage capacity, then start water pump 71(Or if collecting container 7 than water supply transfer Container is high, then controller opens flood discharge magnetic valve in a manner of flowing automatically)Unnecessary rainwater is transported to water supply transfer container(Do not scheme Show), it is easy to adjustment water between the greenhouse of different zones, after transfer container rises above the warning line, automatically turns on discharge outlet, will Unnecessary rainwater is discharged into the places such as lake, river.And for same area, rainfall distribution inequality be present, in order to abundant Irrigated using rainwater, for multiple greenhouses of areal, multiple water supply transfer containers can be configured(It is not shown), each The water pump 71 is connected with the water supply transfer container respectively corresponding to greenhouse, so, during irrigation of actually supplying water, for The collecting container 7 that greenhouse in water-deficient area is configured can fetch water from water supply transfer container, meanwhile, for water sufficiently Part water in collecting container 7 can be transported in water supply transfer container by the greenhouse in area, effectively to solve regional rainfall Influence caused by skewness.

Preferably, in order to more accurately control the output of feed pipe 6, the upper and lower part of the feed pipe 6 corresponds to It is provided with humidity sensor 91 and lower humidity sensor 92;The feed pipe 6 is connected by magnetic valve 61 and the collecting container 7 Connect, upper humidity sensor 91, lower humidity sensor 92 and the magnetic valve 61 are connected with the controller respectively;On described Humidity sensor 91 and the lower humidity sensor 92 are respectively positioned under the earth's surface reference plane.Specifically, in proportion of crop planting During, soil digging groove buries the root system 101 of feed pipe 6, lower humidity sensor 92 and crops 100 inside greenhouse, carries out During burial, then upper humidity sensor 91 is buried in the soil on upper strata, and during actual irrigation, by lower humidity sensor Device 92 detects humidity value around to judge whether to need feed pipe 6 to carry out water supply irrigation, and during irrigation, if upper wet The humidity that degree sensor 91 detects is more than setting value, then stops feed pipe 6 and continue to irrigate, and shape is dried to ensure that earth's surface is in State, and the root system 101 of crops 100 can obtain optimal moisture supply amount, also, the root of crops has hydrotropism, deep layer Soil moisture is more, can attract the root system 101 of crops 100 can be deeper to striking root into the ground so that crops 100 can be with More vigorous state growth, obtain agricultural product best in quality.

Preferably, in order to effectively extend the photosynthesis time of crops, it is additionally provided with above greenhouse switchable Solar protection devices 10, solar protection devices 10 will coordinate light sensor(It is not shown), sunlight strength highest period at noon, due to light According to intensity is too strong crops can be caused to stop photosynthesis on the contrary, be more than setting value in the light intensity of light sensor detection Afterwards, controller control solar protection devices 10, which is opened, covers in greenhouse, the light intensity in greenhouse is reduced, so that the agriculture in greenhouse Crop continues photosynthesis, reaches that the nutrition of crops is more abundant, quality is more preferable.And solar protection devices 10 can be sunshade The sun-shading equipments such as net, Sunshade film or sunshading board.

Crops 100 in the utility model can be that vegetables, fruit tree etc. are any can plant the root system hair grown in greenhouse The plant reached, so that crops 100 are grape as an example, in grape sapling(Root system reaches below ground 30CM or more)Plantation process In, or vine growth more than 1 year, when root system viny reaches below ground 40CM depth, on the ground in greenhouse Digging groove, in the range of the depth D2 of groove is 30CM-60CM, feed pipe 6 is embedded at depth 45CM, lower humidity sensor 92 It is embedded at depth 60CM, and can is being 30CM's from surface distance by the way of successively burying in actual mechanical process Depth places upper humidity sensor 91, so as to form dry section in the surface soil layer in the range of earth's surface 0CM-20CM, Middle soil layer apart from earth's surface 20CM-30CM is buffering area, and the deep soil layer in the range of earth's surface 30CM-60CM is moistening Area, to ensure that earth's surface 0CM-20CM soil layer keeps the state of drought and water shortage;And during irrigating grape, control Device carries out the water supply of dynamic control feed pipe 6 and irrigated, together according to upper humidity sensor 91 and the detected value of lower humidity sensor 92 When, adaptability regulation can also be carried out to soil moisture content according to grape different growth phases needs, coordinate to temperature and The regulation of intensity of illumination, can be taking human as optimal growing environment be provided to grape, and the grape that thus mode obtains is good for except green Outside health, also have the characteristics that rich in sugar, fruity is dense, fruit juice is strong, obtain the grape of high-quality.

By setting annular to block water enclosing in the bottom of greenhouse, whole precipitation are collected with reference to greenhouse so that institute inside greenhouse The ground of encirclement can not directly obtain water supply outside greenhouse, and feed pipe is embedded in below ground, according to what is planted in greenhouse Crop root system grows depth, the rational burying depth for designing feed pipe, is meeting farming with the water for causing feed pipe to convey In the case of the growth requirement of thing, it is ensured that soil layer near the depth of ground keeps the state of arid, so that weeds can not be Germinate or grow in the soil of Near Ground, so as to realize the purpose without grass, at the same time, because the ground in greenhouse keeps dry The state of drought so that the humidity in greenhouse reduces, and in the environment dried, bacterium insects are difficult the growth and breeding on crops, The effect of so as to reach pre- preventing disease and pest, the pesticide dosage for reducing greenhouse system is realized, reach the mesh of green plantation 's;Further, since collecting container collects the water that greenhouse water leg collects in the rainy day, collecting container is located at the top of feed pipe, from And feed pipe can be supplied water using gravity, the consumption of electric energy is reduced, further, since feed pipe is embedded in soil layer, ground The evaporation capacity of face moisture is less, reduces water consumption, improves quality of agricultural product.Greenhouse system can realize without herbicide and Manually the purpose without grass is not can be achieved with, not only greatly reduces labour cost and machinery with animal power weeding, without weeding by machine Expense, and herbicide Pesticide Residue to caused by crops is avoided, agricultural product and food security are fundamentally realized, are protected Consumer health is protected, innoxious greenhouse effectively reduces the pest and disease damage of crops simultaneously, reduces the agricultural chemicals for preventing and treating pest and disease damage and uses Amount, reach the purpose of green plantation.Innoxious greenhouse can effectively reduce water consumption, each interregional rainfall of automatic governing It is unbalanced, the contradiction between each period rainfall and the demand of crops is automatically adjusted, realizes best match, can be significantly Saving water resource, solve the dry problem in the rivers and lakes caused by underground water is excessively developed, reappear the Amenities of blue mountains and green waters; Innoxious greenhouse can carry out intelligent control according to the moisture needed for crops optimization climate-index, illumination, temperature, so as to real The optimization of existing quality of agricultural product.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of tilting greenhouse system, including upper end framework, bottom framework and middle link, the middle link It is connected between the upper end framework and the bottom framework and forms support frame, it is characterised in that the upper end frame Frame is located at the oblique upper of the bottom framework, and canopy film is provided between the upper end framework and the bottom framework;Institute Stating greenhouse system also includes Film rolling mechanism, and the Film rolling mechanism includes motor, film rolling axis and universal driving device, and the motor leads to Cross the universal driving device and the wound membrane axis connection, the Axis Cross of the axis of the rotating shaft of the motor and the film rolling axis Set;The film rolling axis are inclined between the upper end framework and the bottom framework, and the canopy film is wound on institute State on film rolling axis, the guiding that motor described in guide support moves is provided on the upper end framework or the bottom framework Supporting mechanism.
2. tilting greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the guiding mechanism includes rotating branch Frame, the swinging mounting can be relative to the upper end framework or the bottom frame members, and the motor is fixed on described On swinging mounting.
3. tilting greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the guiding mechanism include swing arm and Sliding seat, the swing arm can be relative to the upper end framework or the bottom frame members, and the sliding seat, which slides, to be set In the swing arm, the motor is fixed on the sliding seat.
4. tilting greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the guiding mechanism includes leading vertically Rail and sliding seat, the upright guide rail are fixed on the upper end framework or the bottom framework, and the sliding seat slides It is arranged on the upright guide rail, the motor is fixed on the sliding seat.
5. tilting greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the universal driving device is universal joint shaft Device, universal joint or universal connection rod.
6. tilting greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the two side of the support frame is set respectively The canopy film is equipped with, the canopy film per side is correspondingly configured with the Film rolling mechanism.
7. tilting greenhouse system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that arc is formed on the top of the support frame Supporting part, the canopy film is equipped with the arc support.
8. according to any described tilting greenhouse systems of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that the peace of the support frame bottom Dress face is inclined earth's surface reference plane;It is additionally provided with the support frame for collecting the rainwater flowed down from the canopy film Water leg, the greenhouse system also include feed pipe and collecting container, some delivery ports are provided with the tube wall of the feed pipe, The water leg is connected with the collecting container respectively, and the feed pipe is connected with the collecting container;The support frame Lower edges are provided with annular and blocked water enclosing, and the block water top of enclosing of the annular is located on the earth's surface reference plane, described The block water bottom of enclosing of annular is located under the earth's surface reference plane, and the feed pipe is located under the earth's surface reference plane and low Blocked water enclosing in the annular.
9. tilting greenhouse system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the greenhouse system also includes controller, The upper and lower part of the feed pipe is correspondingly arranged on humidity sensor and lower humidity sensor, and the feed pipe passes through electromagnetism Valve is connected with the collecting container, the upper humidity sensor, lower humidity sensor and the magnetic valve respectively with the control Device connects;The upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor are respectively positioned under the earth's surface reference plane.
CN201720620619.1U 2017-03-12 2017-05-31 Tilting greenhouse system CN206744046U (en)

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CN201710164836 2017-03-12
CN2017101648369 2017-03-12

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CN206744046U true CN206744046U (en) 2017-12-15

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Family Applications (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710399500.0A CN107041260A (en) 2017-03-12 2017-05-31 Greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method
CN201720620619.1U CN206744046U (en) 2017-03-12 2017-05-31 Tilting greenhouse system
CN201720619868.9U CN206776251U (en) 2017-03-12 2017-05-31 Greenhouse system
CN201710399498.7A CN107223484A (en) 2017-03-12 2017-05-31 Tilting greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method
CN201810157748.0A CN108338046A (en) 2017-03-12 2018-02-24 Growth of watermelon method

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CN107041260A (en) * 2017-03-12 2017-08-15 秦春明 Greenhouse system and greenhouse gardening method
CN107593177A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-01-19 顾广石 A kind of preparation method of temperature control green house
CN107711219A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-02-23 青岛绿色硅谷科技有限公司 A kind of method of heliogreenhouse muskmelon watering
CN108076921A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-05-29 山东永盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of Temperature Depression of Eggplant in Solar Greenhouse watering
CN108029514A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-05-15 山东永盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of summer squash in greenhouse watering
CN107926650A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-20 山东永盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of heliogreenhouse color green pepper watering
CN108094132A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-06-01 山东永盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of heliogreenhouse kidney bean watering
CN107896743A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-13 山东省寿光蔬菜产业集团有限公司 A kind of method of Tomato in Greenhouse watering
CN108094152A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-06-01 山东省寿光蔬菜产业集团有限公司 A kind of method of cucumber in solar-greenhouse watering
CN108643470A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-10-12 枞阳县黄公山清涧家庭农场 A kind of awning convenient for rainwater-collecting and irrigation
CN108668704A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-10-19 台州创投环保科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent greenhouse system of agricultural

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CN100396172C (en) * 2006-02-11 2008-06-25 张文俞 Cultivation of water melon of crops by cultivating once
CN101946610A (en) * 2010-08-13 2011-01-19 宋吉昌 Cultivation technology and prevention and control method of watermelons
CN102860211B (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-06-18 国兴农现代农业发展股份有限公司 Pollution-free greenhouse watermelon growing method
CN102972189A (en) * 2012-12-07 2013-03-20 北海市种子管理站 Greenhouse cultivation method for small-size watermelons
CN106258304A (en) * 2016-07-26 2017-01-04 宣威市霖森农业科技开发有限公司 Nuisanceless greenhouse watermelon cultivation method
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