CN108338046A - Growth of watermelon method - Google Patents

Growth of watermelon method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108338046A
CN108338046A CN201810157748.0A CN201810157748A CN108338046A CN 108338046 A CN108338046 A CN 108338046A CN 201810157748 A CN201810157748 A CN 201810157748A CN 108338046 A CN108338046 A CN 108338046A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
watermelon
greenhouse
growth
water
planting site
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810157748.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦春明
秦晓汉
Original Assignee
秦春明
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Publication date
Priority to CN2017101648369 priority Critical
Priority to CN201710164836 priority
Application filed by 秦春明 filed Critical 秦春明
Publication of CN108338046A publication Critical patent/CN108338046A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • Y02A40/252
    • Y02A40/264

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of growth of watermelon methods, including:Soil treatment process excavates the watermelon root of upper one batch of plantation in planting site from planting site, and clean together with the watermelon complete liquidation not harvested in watermelon seedling, watermelon leaf and planting site;Soil sterilization process excavates addition in the plantation hole that watermelon root is formed on planting site and is fermented the organic fertilizer formed by soya-bean cake and special bacteria;Process is planted, sterilize seedlings and soil in greenhouse, does not graft, transplants crop field in due course, or directly launch watermelon seed into plantation hole in planting site, do not graft, and detains hut or directly utilizes greenhouse;Disease pest process is prevented, after watermelon seed breaks ground and grows into melon seedling, and in growth course, lime sulfur or organic agricultural chemicals periodically is sprayed to planting site under minimum principle, do not play swollen fruit agent, ripener and growth hormone.Realize watermelon can continuous cropping plant and improve the quality of watermelon.

Description

Growth of watermelon method

Technical field

The present invention relates to agricultural engineering technology field more particularly to a kind of growth of watermelon methods.

Background technology

Currently, watermelon is a kind of very favorite fruit of consumers in general, full of nutrition, flavor and hygienic quality are good.West Melon category long-day plant, likes strong light, suitable for dry hot climate, likes water but intolerant to waterlogging, it is desirable that the chiltern earth that draining is good, soil layer is deep Soil, either greenhouse gardening or outdoor plantation in the prior art, and since watermelon has serious criminal's continuous cropping, watermelon Continuous cropping plants the generation that can lead to soil-borne disease, and dead rotten seedling is caused to influence yield;In order to improve yield while improve watermelon Disease resistance ability, the mode of generally use grafting, such as:By the way that Grafting watermelon is planted on cucurbit, still, harvest The taste of watermelon changes significantly, and watermelon taste is thin out, the quality variation of watermelon.How one kind overcome criminal continuous cropping is designed to realize Continuous cropping plantation is the technical problems to be solved by the invention with the implantation methods for improving watermelon quality of agricultural product.

Invention content

The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:A kind of growth of watermelon method is provided, realizes that watermelon being capable of continuous cropping plantation And improve the quality of watermelon.

Technical solution provided by the invention is:A kind of growth of watermelon method, including:

Soil treatment process, by planting site it is upper one batch plantation watermelon root excavated from planting site, and together with watermelon seedling, The watermelon complete liquidation not harvested in watermelon leaf and planting site is clean;

Soil sterilization process is excavated in the plantation hole that watermelon root is formed on planting site and is added by soya-bean cake and fermenting microbe fermentation shape At organic fertilizer, and stirred evenly with the soil in plantation hole;

Process is planted, watermelon is planted in plantation hole;

Disease pest process is prevented, after watermelon seed breaks ground and grows into melon seedling, and in growth course, periodically planting site is sprayed Lime sulfur or organic agricultural chemicals.

Further, watermelon is planted in greenhouse, wherein greenhouse includes braced frame and is arranged in the support frame The lower part of the first canopy film on frame, first canopy film is additionally provided with catch basin, and the lower part mounting surface of the greenhouse is earth's surface base Quasi- face, the greenhouse further include feed pipe and collecting container, and several water outlets, the collection are provided on the tube wall of the feed pipe Sink is connect with the collecting container respectively, and the feed pipe is connect with the collecting container;The lower edge of the braced frame It blocks water enclosing along annular is provided with, the block water top of enclosing of the annular is located on the earth's surface reference plane, and the annular hinders The lower part of water enclosing is located under the earth's surface reference plane, and the feed pipe is located under the earth's surface reference plane and less than described Annular blocks water enclosing, and the upper and lower part of the feed pipe is correspondingly arranged on humidity sensor and lower humidity sensor;It is described Growth of watermelon method further includes:Process is irrigated, by feed pipe during underground progress trickle irrigation, trickle irrigation, if lower humidity passes The humidity value of sensor detection is less than setting value, then controls collecting container and supply water to feed pipe, and when the humidity of upper humidity sensor When value is higher than setting value, then controls and stop collecting container to feed pipe water supply.

Further, the soil treatment process further includes placing the annular in the surrounding ditching of the greenhouse and blocking water and enclose Gear, to make to keep dry water shortage within the scope of the planting site depth D1 in the greenhouse under the action of annular blocks water enclosing State, within the scope of the buried planting site depth D2 in greenhouse of the feed pipe, the root of watermelon reaches around the feed pipe; Wherein, D2>D1.

Further, described further includes Film rolling mechanism, and the Film rolling mechanism includes the volume for winding first canopy film Film axis and the driving mechanism for driving film rolling axis movement are provided on the film rolling axis and are converted to rotation for that will move along a straight line Transhipment is dynamic to drive the rotation section of the film rolling axis rotation, is additionally provided in the braced frame for coordinating with the rotation section To drive the auxiliary section of the rotation section rotation, the lower edge of first canopy film to be arranged on the film rolling axis;The watermelon Implantation methods further include:Ventilation illumination process, in the case where having sunlight irradiation daytime, the Film rolling mechanism has wound first Canopy film, so that the watermelon in the greenhouse is aerated and direct sunlight.

Further, the rotation section is the gear being arranged on the film rolling axis, and the auxiliary section is rack;Alternatively, The rotation section is the sprocket wheel being arranged on the film rolling axis, and the auxiliary section is chain;Exist alternatively, the rotation section is setting Friction pulley on the film rolling axis, the auxiliary section are fricting strip.

Further, the driving mechanism includes motor, shaft, drive chain and closed reel, is arranged on the film rolling axis There are rotatable axle sleeve, the one end of the drive chain to connect the axle sleeve, the other end of the drive chain connects institute Closed reel is stated, the motor is drivingly connected with the shaft, and drive sprocket, the drive sprocket and institute are provided in the shaft State drive chain engagement.

Further, the driving mechanism includes motor, two upper synchronizing wheels and two lower synchronizing wheels, and two described same Be provided with synchronizing bar between step wheel, be provided with lower synchronizing bar between two lower synchronizing wheels, the upper synchronizing wheel with it is corresponding The lower synchronizing wheel between be provided with synchronized links part, mounting base is provided on the synchronized links part, in the mounting base It is provided with axis hole, the film rolling axis is arranged between two mounting bases and is rotatably mounted in the axis hole, described same Step wheel is arranged in the upside at the top of the braced frame, and the lower synchronizing wheel is arranged under the top of the braced frame Side.

Further, the greenhouse further includes controller, is provided in the collecting container and connect with the controller The lower part of level switch, the collecting container is provided with interface, and the interface is connected with water pump, and the feed pipe passes through electromagnetism Valve is connect with the collecting container, the upper humidity sensor, lower humidity sensor and the solenoid valve respectively with the control Device connects;The upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor are respectively positioned under the earth's surface reference plane.

Further, the greenhouse is internally provided with the temperature sensor being connect with the controller, the greenhouse setting There is switchable ventilation opening;And/or it is additionally provided with switchable solar protection devices above the greenhouse, the greenhouse further includes light Line sensor, the solar protection devices and the light sensor are connect with the controller respectively.

Further, the greenhouse includes multiple greenhouses, and each greenhouse is each equipped with the feed pipe, described Collecting container, the water pump and the controller;The greenhouse is also configured with water supply transfer container, the water pump respectively with it is described Water supply transfer container connects.

Compared with prior art, the advantages and positive effects of the present invention are:Growth of watermelon method provided by the invention, passes through After upper one batch of growth of watermelon, planting site is comprehensively cleared up, is rotted in planting site to avoid upper one batch of watermelon seedling root, It is grown to the harmful bacterium of watermelon growing so as to reduce in planting site, meanwhile, before next batch of growth of watermelon, then to plantation It launches soya-bean cake and special bacteria in ground to ferment the organic fertilizer to be formed, so that remaining harmful to watermelon growing thin in planting site Bacterium can not continue to multiply, while planting site by organic fertilizer nourish, and be more advantageous to the growth of next batch of watermelon, realize west Melon can continuous cropping plant and improve the quality of watermelon.

Description of the drawings

In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is this hair Some bright embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with root Other attached drawings are obtained according to these attached drawings.

Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart one of greenhouse of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structure principle chart in the directions M in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the close-up schematic view of n-quadrant in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 be greenhouse of the present invention in film rolling axis, rotation section, auxiliary section and guide rail assembling schematic diagram;

Fig. 5 be greenhouse of the present invention in film rolling axis, rotation section, auxiliary section and guide rail building block principle figure;

Fig. 6 is the building block principle figure of driving mechanism and film rolling axis in greenhouse of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the structure principle chart two of greenhouse of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the layout of feed pipe and humidity sensor in greenhouse of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the partial sectional view of drip irrigation pipe in greenhouse of the present invention;

Figure 10 is the sectional view of column dripper in greenhouse of the present invention;

Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of anti-blocking component in greenhouse of the present invention;

Figure 12 is the sectional view of silica gel cylinder in greenhouse of the present invention.

Specific implementation mode

In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained without creative efforts, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

The present invention provides a kind of growth of watermelon method, including:

Soil treatment process, by planting site it is upper one batch plantation watermelon root excavated from planting site, and together with watermelon seedling, It is clean for the watermelon complete liquidation of harvest in watermelon leaf and planting site.Specifically, after upper one batch of watermelon completes harvest, kind Watermelon seedling and watermelon leaf can also be remained on the ground by planting, and also burial has watermelon root in the soil layer of planting site, next in progress It before stubble growth of watermelon, needs the watermelon seedling that upper one batch remains on planting site connecting root and digs, be connected to the substandard products west in planting site Melon and fruit is real, blade is cleaned out together, carries out planting site, by keeping the watermelon in planting site after harvesting upper one batch of watermelon The complete liquidations such as seedling, root, leaf are clean, can be to avoid upper one batch of watermelon rots in planting site and grows largely to watermelon growing Harmful bacterium;When next batch of growth of watermelon, since the harmful bacteria in planting site is less, it can be felt to avoid watermelon new talent Dye, it is ensured that the survival rate and health status of new talent.

Soil sterilization process is excavated addition in the plantation hole that watermelon root is formed on planting site and is sent out by soya-bean cake and fermenting microbe The organic fertilizer that ferment is formed, and stirred evenly with the soil in plantation hole.Specifically, upper one batch of watermelon seed in having cleared up planting site After planting the materials such as the seedling root left, it is more that residual is easy since upper one batch of watermelon is in planting process, especially in plantation hole Harmful bacteria, then being fermented by addition soya-bean cake in the plantation hole of upward one batch of watermelon root formation and special bacteria, it is organic to be formed Fertilizer so that the harmful bacteria in plantation hole can not survive, and can be next batch of watermelon seed after soya-bean cake and special bacteria fermentation It plants and improves fertile soil environment.Its concrete principle is:The special bacteria hobby added into plantation hole nibbles beans, to Can procreation can rot the bacterium of beans rapidly in plantation hole, this cause to the harmful bacterium of watermelon can not normal growth and Death when the later stage plants next batch of watermelon, can ensure that the strain environment harmless to watermelon that be in of plantation hole, also, add beans The rotten of class is formed by organic fertilizer so that planting environment is excellent to be more advantageous to the quick healthy growth of watermelon new talent.

Process is planted, watermelon is directly planted into plantation hole.Specifically, next batch of growth of watermelon is in processed planting site In, it can guarantee that the planting environment of planting site is more advantageous to the growth of new watermelon seedling, and there are two types of planting patterns:1, culturing and transplanting seedlings, 2, field is broadcast live.For the mode of culturing and transplanting seedlings, then watermelon seed culture watermelon seedling is utilized in sterile soil in the greenhouse, without By the way of grafting, it will be grown in the watermelon transplantation of seedlings to plantation hole of culture again in due course;For field live streaming mode, Watermelon seed is directly then launched into plantation hole in planting site, is not grafted, and hut is detained or directly utilizes greenhouse.

Disease pest process is prevented, specifically, after watermelon seed breaks ground and grows into melon seedling, and in growth course, most Lime sulfur or organic agricultural chemicals periodically are sprayed to planting site under a small amount of principle, do not play swollen fruit agent, ripener and growth hormone, with The pesticide residue of later stage Watermelon Fruit is reduced, realizes the innoxious plantation of green.

Wherein, above-mentioned growth of watermelon method can plant under open-air atmosphere, of course, it is possible to realize that plastic greenhouse is planted, It is as follows for the concrete scheme of plastic greenhouse plantation:

As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the greenhouse 1 for being used for planting habit includes that braced frame 101 and setting are pushed up in the braced frame 101 Portion and/or towards the first canopy film 102 on sunny side, and the in the shade face of braced frame 101 and side wall can be arranged as required to Two canopy films use the modes such as mounting plate, civil engineering wall, are not limited herein.Meanwhile under normal circumstances, when greenhouse is built, branch The top of support frame frame 101 can be wound as needed using ridge structure or the frame mode of inclined surface, the first canopy film 102 Ventilation.Greenhouse 1 plays the first canopy film 102 for the winding of large area, further includes Film rolling mechanism 7, and the Film rolling mechanism 7 includes being used for The driving mechanism for winding the film rolling axis 74 of first canopy film 102 and the film rolling axis 74 being driven to move, the film rolling axis 74 On be provided with and be converted to rotary motion for that will move along a straight line to drive the rotation section 76 of film rolling axis rotation, the support frame Be additionally provided on frame 7 for the rotation section 76 coordinate with drive the rotation section 76 rotate auxiliary section 77, described first The lower edge of canopy film 102 is arranged on the film rolling axis 74.Specifically, the lower edge coiling of the first canopy film 102 in greenhouse 1 is solid It is scheduled on film rolling axis 74, the growth of watermelon method further includes:Ventilation illumination process, has the case where sunlight irradiation on daytime Under, the Film rolling mechanism 7 has wound the first canopy film 102, so that the watermelon in the greenhouse 1 is aerated and direct sunlight, Driving mechanism will drive film rolling axis 74 to be moved in braced frame 101 from the bottom to top, and in 74 moving process of film rolling axis, rotation Portion 76 cooperates with auxiliary section 77 can realize the transform linear motion of film rolling axis 74 to be that rotation section 76 rotates, to pass through Rotation section 76 drives film rolling axis 74 around own axis, to wind the first canopy film 102 while realizing that film rolling axis 74 moves, So as to realize that the top area of all open greenhouses 1 realizes that top is completely open.Wherein, the rotation section 76 is that setting exists Gear on the film rolling axis 74, the auxiliary section 77 are rack;Alternatively, the rotation section 76 is to be arranged in the film rolling axis 74 On sprocket wheel, the auxiliary section 77 be chain;Alternatively, the rotation section 76 is the friction pulley being arranged on the film rolling axis 74, The auxiliary section 77 is fricting strip.And in order to collect rainwater, under 102 unfolded state of the first canopy film, the lower edge of the first canopy film Side be additionally provided with the catch basin 11 for collecting rainwater.

Wherein, for driving the performance entity of the driving mechanism of the movement of the film rolling axis 74 that various structures shape may be used Formula illustrates as long as can realize that film rolling axis 74 is moved below in conjunction with attached drawing:

As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, driving mechanism includes 71, two upper synchronizing wheels 72 of motor and two lower synchronizing wheels 73, described in two It is provided with synchronizing bar 721 between upper synchronizing wheel 72, lower synchronizing bar 731 is provided between two lower synchronizing wheels 73, it is described It is provided with synchronized links part 75 between upper synchronizing wheel 72 and the corresponding lower synchronizing wheel 73, is arranged on the synchronized links part 75 There is mounting base 751, axis hole is provided in the mounting base 751, the film rolling axis 74 is arranged between two mounting bases 75 and can Being mounted in the axis hole for rotation, is provided on the film rolling axis 74 and is converted to rotary motion for that will move along a straight line to drive The rotation section 76 of the film rolling axis rotation, is additionally provided between the upper synchronizing wheel 72 and the corresponding lower synchronizing wheel 73 and is used for The auxiliary section 77 coordinated with the rotation section 76;The upper synchronizing wheel 72 is located at the top of first canopy film 102, it is described similarly hereinafter Step wheel 73 is located at the lower part of first canopy film 102, and the lower edge of first canopy film 102 is arranged on the film rolling axis 74. Specifically, greenhouse 1 drives upper synchronizing wheel 72 to rotate by motor 71 so that synchronized links part 75 drives film rolling axis 74 to move, separately Outside, the side of the lower synchronizing wheel 73 is additionally provided with catch basin 11, in the rainy day, is collected in the first canopy film 102 by catch basin 11 Rainwater.And the modes such as belt or chain may be used in the synchronized links part 75 that upper synchronizing wheel 72 and lower synchronizing wheel 73 use.

As shown in figure 4, being the gear being arranged on the film rolling axis 74 with the rotation section 76, the auxiliary section 77 is tooth Item, synchronized links part 75 are that chain illustrates for.After the upper synchronizing wheel 72 of the driving of motor 71 rotates, 75 band of synchronized links part Dynamic film rolling axis 74 moves, and the gear on film rolling axis 74 will coordinate with rack so that gear rotates, to realize wound membrane on the move Axis 74 is around own axis, to wind the first canopy film 102 while realizing that film rolling axis 74 moves.Preferably, upper synchronizing wheel The guide rail 78 for being oriented to the movement of the film rolling axis 74, the wound membrane are additionally provided between 72 and the corresponding lower synchronizing wheel 73 The end of axis 74 is slidably arranged on the guide rail 78, specifically, film rolling axis 74 in moving process, is led by guide rail 78 To, it on the one hand may insure the reciprocating movement that film rolling axis 74 can smooth out, another aspect, under the guiding role of guide rail 78, really It protects the rotation section 76 on film rolling axis 74 and auxiliary section 77 is good is engaged, to ensure that film rolling axis 74 carries out in moving process Smoothly rotation.Wherein, the first stripe board 781 and the second stripe board 782 composition, the end of film rolling axis 74 may be used in guide rail 78 It is moved between the first stripe board 781 and the second stripe board 782, guide rail 78 can also be served as only with the second stripe board 782, the Two stripe boards 782 carry out being oriented to the movement of film rolling axis 74 with the cooperation of auxiliary section 77.In addition, as described in Figure 5, in order to avoid being rolled up in the rainy day Excessive rainwater is accumulated at film axis 74, guide rail 78 forms the circular arc guide part bent downward close to the position of the lower synchronizing wheel 73 781, corresponding, guide rail 78 is forming arc orbit portion close to the position of lower synchronizing wheel 73(It is unmarked), the movement of film rolling axis 74 To after lower part, it is oriented to lower section movement downward by arc orbit portion, meanwhile, the rotation section 76 on film rolling axis 74 is oriented to by circular arc The cooperation of portion 781 continues that film rolling axis 74 is driven to rotate, so that film rolling axis 74 is overturn to the downside of the first canopy film 102, to keep away Exempt from due to film rolling axis 74 protrudes from the first canopy film that there is a phenomenon where ponding.

As shown in fig. 6, driving mechanism includes motor, shaft 71, drive chain 72 and closed reel 73, on the film rolling axis 74 It is provided with rotatable axle sleeve 741, the one end of the drive chain 72 connects the axle sleeve 741, the drive chain 72 The other end connects the closed reel 73, and the motor 71 is drivingly connected with the shaft 71, and drive is provided in the shaft 71 Movable sprocket 711, the drive sprocket 711 are engaged with the drive chain 72.Specifically, shaft 71 is located at film rolling axis 74 and winding Between disk 73, motor-driven rotatable shaft 71 rotates so that and drive sprocket 711 pulls film rolling axis 74 to move by drive chain 72, from And coordinated by rotation section 76 and auxiliary section 77, realize that film rolling axis 74 rotates.Wherein, film rolling axis 74 also may be used in moving process To be oriented to by guide rail 78, to ensure that film rolling axis 74 smoothly moves.

Based on the above-mentioned technical proposal, optionally, as shown in Figs. 7-8, greenhouse 1 further includes feed pipe 2, the greenhouse 1 Lower part mounting surface is earth's surface reference plane A, further includes collecting container 3;The top of the greenhouse 1 is formed with the catch basin of a plurality of recess 11, the catch basin 11 is connect with the collecting container 3 respectively, and the feed pipe 2 is connect with the collecting container 3;It is described big The lower edges of canopy 1 are provided with annular and block water enclosing 4, the annular block water enclosing 4 top be located at the earth's surface reference plane A it On, the block water lower part of enclosing 4 of the annular is located under the earth's surface reference plane A, and the feed pipe 2 is located at the earth's surface benchmark It blocks water enclosing 4 under the A of face and less than the annular.Specifically, 1 earth's surface reference plane A of greenhouse is the soil table that greenhouse 1 is built in Annular is arranged around greenhouse 1 and blocks water enclosing 4 for face, and in capital construction, can be stopped outside greenhouse 1 using the annular enclosing 4 that blocks water The rainwater in portion is penetrated into from earth's surface in the surface soil layer in greenhouse 1, so that it is guaranteed that the earth's surface inside greenhouse 1 keeps dry arid State in this way in the plant growing process in greenhouse 1, utilizes root system of the feed pipe 2 under earth's surface directly to watermelon 100 1000 supply water, and to ensure that earth's surface is in the state of arid, the weeds of earth's surface are while dry since water shortage is difficult germination or existence Earth's surface makes the humidity of 1 inner space of greenhouse be maintained at lower level, so that bacterium insects are difficult raw on watermelon 100 Long breeding, can substantially reduce the usage amount of pesticide, meanwhile, it can prevent to use herbicide, without a large amount of labours of consuming Artificial weeding is removed, achievees the purpose that environmentally protective plantation;Simultaneously as feed pipe 2 is embedded under earth's surface, what feed pipe 2 supplied Water directly feeds the root system 1000 of watermelon 100, overcomes earth's surface watering in the prior art that large quantity of moisture is caused to be evaporated lost, reduces Water consumption;Root system 1000 can obtain sufficient water supply, and dry earth's surface can dig convenient for peasant household it is ventilative, can be significantly Improve the quality of agricultural product.Catch basin 11 on greenhouse 1 is obliquely installed, and the lower end of the catch basin 11 is provided with water outlet 12, the water outlet 12 connects the collecting container 3, will collect in rainwater catchment to collecting container 3 in the rainy day, waters usually When, the water in collecting container 3 can be utilized to be conveyed to feed pipe 2, and since collecting container 3 is located at 2 height space of feed pipe Top only needs controller to open water supply electromagnetic valve 21, so that it may to be supplied water using flow by gravity, to reduce power consumption.Wherein, During capital construction, the annular blocks water enclosing 4 can be native for ring-shaped splash guard, annular plastics film, annular water blocking belt or annular Waterwall is built, the present embodiment is not limited the performance entity of the annular enclosing 4 that blocks water.In addition, the present embodiment middle ring form drag water encloses The height dimension of gear 4 determines that the depth to ensure earth's surface drying soil layer is discontented according to the growth depth of local weeds type root system Subject to the requirement of sufficient weed growth, and the burying depth of feed pipe 2, the growth depth of crop root system is depended on, and due to agriculture The growth depth of crop root is greater than the growth depth of weeds root system, so that feed pipe 2 can only supply crops Water, ensure always earth's surface certain depth soil layer keep arid state, the present embodiment to annular block water enclosing 4 height dimension, 2 burying depth size of feed pipe is not limited.In greenhouse 1, it is preferred that in order to more accurately control the water supply of feed pipe 2 Amount, the upper and lower part of the feed pipe 2 is correspondingly arranged on humidity sensor 51 and lower humidity sensor 52;The feed pipe 2 are connect by solenoid valve 21 with the collecting container 3, the upper humidity sensor 51, lower humidity sensor 52 and the electromagnetism Valve 21 is connect with the controller respectively;The upper humidity sensor 51 and the lower humidity sensor 52 are respectively positioned on the earth's surface Under reference plane.Specifically, during proportion of crop planting, 1 inside soil digging groove of greenhouse buries feed pipe 2 and lower humidity passes Sensor 52 during being buried, then upper humidity sensor 51 is buried in the soil on upper layer, and growth of watermelon method further includes: Process is irrigated, by the humidity value around the detection of lower humidity sensor 52 to determine whether feed pipe 2 is needed to carry out water supply irrigation, and During irrigation, if the humidity that upper humidity sensor 51 detects is greater than the set value, stops feed pipe 2 and continues to irrigate, To ensure that earth's surface is in drying regime, and the root system 1000 of watermelon 100 can obtain best moisture supply amount, also, farming The root of object has a hydrotropism, washiness in deep soil, can attract watermelon 100 root system 1000 can deeper to striking root into the ground, Enable watermelon 100 with more vigorous state growth, obtains agricultural product best in quality.

Wherein, in order to improve anti-clogging, as shown in Fig. 9-Figure 12, multiple water outlets are offered on the water pipe of drip irrigation pipe 2 20, helical groove 211 is formed on the inner tubal wall of column dripper 21, and the end of the inner tubal wall of column dripper 21 is formed with annular Groove(It is unmarked), silica gel cylinder 23 is provided in the annular groove, and multiple through holes 231 are offered on the silica gel cylinder 23, Voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210 between the outer tube wall and the annular groove of the silica gel cylinder 23, on the outer wall of the column dripper 21 The osculum 212 being connected to the voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210 is offered, the column dripper 21 is sleeved on 2 water pipe of the drip irrigation pipe Outside, form helical buffer channel 200, spiral shell between the outer tube wall of the water pipe of the helical groove 211 and the drip irrigation pipe 2 It revolves buffer channel 200 to be connected to corresponding water outlet 20, the inner tube wall of the silica gel cylinder 23 is outer with the water pipe of the drip irrigation pipe 2 Pressure regulating cavity body 201 is formed between tube wall, the pressure regulating cavity body 201 is connected to the helical buffer channel 200, specifically , it is set in outside the water pipe of drip irrigation pipe 2 outside the column dripper 21 that drip irrigation pipe 2 uses, sweat soldering may be used in column dripper 21 Mode outside be set in outside the water pipe of drip irrigation pipe 2, the pipe outer wall of helical groove 211 and drip irrigation pipe 2 in column dripper 21 Helical buffer channel 200 is formed, helical buffer channel 200 substitutes the turbulent flow passageway that water dropper is formed in the prior art, due to spiral Buffer channel 200 is distributed in the periphery of drip irrigation pipe 2, can effectively increase the length in helical buffer channel 200, be conducive to consume Flow ability simultaneously reduces hydraulic pressure, so that the effect of turbulent flow passageway is realized by helical buffer channel 200, and helical buffer channel 200 increase stream course, and energy consumption is big, so helical groove 211 can be more much bigger than traditional interior edge column dripper size, Importantly, 200 stroke of helical buffer channel avoids large particle at detour, turning, dead angle without detour, turning, dead angle Precipitation and accumulation, blocking is avoided from flow principles.And water is input to pressure regulating cavity body from helical buffer channel 200 In 201 and voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210 is entered by through hole 231 and exports realization trickle irrigation via osculum 212.Preferably, it passes through Switchable flexible sheet 233 is additionally provided in through-hole 231, the outwardly convex under hydraulic pressure effect of silica gel cylinder 23 deforms, while water The flexible sheet 233 to bear down on one out on silica gel cylinder 23, flexible sheet 233 can be of different sizes according to hydraulic pressure and automatically adjust opening angle Degree, when 201 hydraulic pressure of pressure regulating cavity body is small, 233 open degree of flexible sheet is small or is not turned on, to ensure voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210 flows do not flow back, it is ensured that have enough water persistently to go out stream, it can be achieved that adjust automatically hydraulic pressure, voltage stabilizing go out stream from osculum 212. And flexible sheet 233 can be when silica gel cylinder 23 opens up through hole 231, clout not exclusively cuts off and directly forms flexible sheet 233.In addition, in order to improve anti-blocking performance, anti-blocking component 22 is additionally provided in osculum 212, the anti-blocking component 22 includes umbrella Shape flexible lidstock 221 and connecting rod 222, the connecting rod 222 are inserted in the osculum 212, one end of the connecting rod 222 Portion connects the umbrella shape flexible lidstock 221, the other end connects the silica gel cylinder 23;The umbrella shape flexible lidstock 221 is located at institute The outside of column dripper 21 is stated for covering in the osculum 212.Under 21 off working state of column dripper, 23 shape of silica gel cylinder It resets, and connecting rod 222 is driven to be moved into cylinder, so that umbrella shape flexible lidstock 221 is just covered osculum 212, prevent foreign object Block runner.Under silica gel cylinder 23 and 22 mutual cooperation of anti-blocking component effect, drip irrigation pipe 2 has following function:1, pressure is adjusted Chamber:Water flows into pressure regulating cavity body 201 after storage full water in helical buffer channel 200, and silica gel cylinder 23 is outside under hydraulic pressure effect Bulging deformation, and anti-blocking component 22 is driven to be moved to outside pipe, meanwhile, the open-top flexible sheet 233 of hydraulic pressure, flow enters voltage stabilizing and goes out stream Cavity 210, voltage stabilizing outflow lumen body 210 store it is full after flow i.e. via 212 effuser of osculum outside, carry out trickle irrigation operation;In addition, working as 201 hydraulic pressure hour of pressure regulating cavity body, 233 open degree of flexible sheet is small or is not turned on, to ensure that flow is not returned in outflow lumen Stream(There are enough fluids), ensure that liquid outlet persistently goes out stream, it can be achieved that adjust automatically hydraulic pressure, voltage stabilizing go out stream.2, pressure is supplemented:When When hydraulic pressure increases, the fast flow of flow rate of water flow is big, and silica gel cylinder 23 is deformed to circumference outer lug and increased, and osculum 212 is blocked, and drains The rate of outflow in hole 212 reduces;When hydraulic pressure pressure is small, flow velocity is slow, and silica gel cylinder 23 slightly protrudes from cylindrical shape, goes out osculum 212 is small by coverage extent, and the rate of outflow of water outlet is fast;Ensureing water dropper with this, flow is consistent at various pressures.

Further, in order to realize that automatic irrigation is planted, greenhouse 1 further includes controller(It is not shown), the collection water capacity The level switch being connect with the controller is provided in device 3(It is not shown), the lower part of the collecting container 3, which is provided with, to be connect Mouthful, the interface is connected with water pump 31, in the case where rainy season, amount of rainfall was larger, when level switch detects collecting container 3 In water when reaching highest moisture storage capacity, then start water pump 31(Alternatively, if collecting container 3 is higher than water supply transfer container, control Device opens flood discharge solenoid valve in a manner of flowing automatically)Extra rainwater is transported to water supply transfer container(It is not shown), convenient for not same district Adjustment water between the greenhouse in domain automatically turns on discharge outlet after transfer container rises above the warning line, and extra rainwater is discharged To places such as lake, rivers.And for the same area, there is a situation where rainfall distribution unevenness, in order to make full use of rainwater to be filled It irrigates, for multiple greenhouses 1 of areal, multiple water supply transfer containers can be configured(It is not shown), 1 corresponding institute of each greenhouse Water pump 31 is stated to connect with the water supply transfer container respectively, in this way, during actually supplying water irrigation, in water-deficient area The collecting container 3 that greenhouse 1 is configured can fetch water from water supply transfer container, meanwhile, for the greenhouse 1 in the sufficient area of water Part water in collecting container 3 can be transported in water supply transfer container, be unevenly distributed and made with effective solution area rainfall At influence.

Further, the greenhouse 1 is internally provided with the temperature sensor being connect with the controller(It is not shown), institute It states greenhouse 1 and is provided with switchable ventilation opening(It is not shown), specifically, can in real time be monitored in greenhouse 1 by temperature sensor Temperature, when in greenhouse 1 when the temperature is excessively high, will influence crops fast-growth, then have controller control greenhouse 1 open ventilation Mouthful, wherein the mode of switch gate may be used in ventilation opening, alternatively, the insulation film of sliding opening greenhouse 1, insulation quilt may be used Or thermal insulation board.When the temperature in greenhouse 1 is too low, crops fast-growth will be also influenced, then will be closed by controller control greenhouse 1 Ventilation opening is kept the temperature in due course.Preferably, it in order to effectively extend the photosynthesis time of crops, is additionally provided with above greenhouse 1 Switchable solar protection devices 6, solar protection devices 6 will coordinate light sensor(It is not shown), sunlight strength highest period at noon, Crops can be caused to stop photosynthesis instead since intensity of illumination is too strong, be more than in the light intensity of light sensor detection and set After definite value, the controller control opening of solar protection devices 6 covers in greenhouse 1, the light intensity in greenhouse 1 is reduced, so that greenhouse 1 Interior crops continue photosynthesis, reach that the nutrition of crops is more abundant, quality is more preferable.And solar protection devices 6 can be with For sun-shading equipments such as sunshade net, Sunshade film or sunshading boards.

Growth of watermelon method provided by the invention is blocked water enclosing by the way that annular is arranged in the lower part of greenhouse, is received in conjunction with greenhouse The whole precipitation of collection so that the ground surrounded inside greenhouse can not directly obtain water supply outside greenhouse, and feed pipe is embedded in ground Below face, depth is grown according to the crop root system planted in greenhouse, reasonably designs the burying depth of feed pipe, so that The water of feed pipe conveying is in the case where meeting the growth requirement of crops, it is ensured that the soil layer near the depth of ground keeps arid State, so that weeds can not germinate or grow in the soil of Near Ground, it is same with this to realize the purpose without grass When, since the ground in greenhouse keeps the state of arid so that the humidity in greenhouse reduces, and in dry environment, bacterium worm Class is difficult the growth and breeding on crops, the effect of so as to reach pre- preventing disease and pest, realizes the pesticide dosage for reducing greenhouse, Achieve the purpose that environmentally protective plantation;In addition, since collecting container collects the water that greenhouse catch basin collects in the rainy day, collecting container Positioned at the top of feed pipe, so as to supply water to feed pipe using gravity, the consumption of electric energy is reduced, in addition, due to Feed pipe is embedded in soil layer, and the evaporation capacity of ground moisture is less, is reduced water consumption, is improved quality of agricultural product.Greenhouse can be real Do not have to herbicide now and not manually with animal power weeding, without weeding by machine, can be achieved with the purpose without grass, not only significantly Labour cost and machinery expenses are reduced, and avoid herbicide Pesticide Residue caused by crops, fundamentally realize agriculture Product and food security are protected consumer health, innoxious greenhouse to effectively reduce the pest and disease damage of crops simultaneously, are reduced for preventing It cures the disease the pesticide dosage of insect pest, achievees the purpose that environmentally protective plantation.Innoxious greenhouse can effectively reduce water consumption, automatic to adjust With the unbalanced of each interregional rainfall, the contradiction between each period rainfall and the demand of crops is automatically adjusted, is realized Best match can greatly save water resource, solve the problems, such as that the rivers and lakes caused by underground water is excessively developed are dry, reappear green The Amenities of mountain clear water;Innoxious greenhouse can according to crops optimize climate-index needed for moisture, illumination, temperature into Row intelligent control, to realize the optimization of quality of agricultural product.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of growth of watermelon method, which is characterized in that including:
Soil treatment process, by planting site it is upper one batch plantation watermelon root excavated from planting site, and together with watermelon seedling, The watermelon complete liquidation not harvested in watermelon leaf and planting site is clean;
Soil sterilization process is excavated in the plantation hole that watermelon root is formed on planting site and is added by soya-bean cake and fermenting microbe fermentation shape At organic fertilizer, and stirred evenly with the soil in plantation hole;
Process is planted, watermelon is planted in plantation hole;
Disease pest process is prevented, after watermelon seed breaks ground and grows into melon seedling, and in growth course, periodically planting site is sprayed Lime sulfur or organic agricultural chemicals.
2. growth of watermelon method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that watermelon is planted in greenhouse, wherein institute It includes braced frame and the first canopy film for being arranged in the braced frame to state greenhouse, and the lower part of first canopy film is additionally provided with The lower part mounting surface of catch basin, the greenhouse is earth's surface reference plane, and the greenhouse further includes feed pipe and collecting container, the confession Several water outlets are provided on the tube wall of water pipe, the catch basin is connect with the collecting container respectively, the feed pipe and institute State collecting container connection;The lower edges of the braced frame are provided with annular and block water enclosing, and the annular blocks water the upper of enclosing Portion is located on the earth's surface reference plane, and the block water lower part of enclosing of the annular is located under the earth's surface reference plane, the confession Water pipe is located under the earth's surface reference plane and blocks water enclosing less than the annular, and the upper and lower part of the feed pipe, which corresponds to, to be set It is equipped with humidity sensor and lower humidity sensor;
The growth of watermelon method further includes:Process is irrigated, by feed pipe during underground progress trickle irrigation, trickle irrigation, if The humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting value, then controls collecting container and supply water to feed pipe, and works as upper humidity sensor When the humidity value of device is higher than setting value, then controls and stop collecting container to feed pipe water supply.
3. growth of watermelon method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the soil treatment process further includes described The surrounding ditching of greenhouse places the annular and blocks water enclosing, under the action of the annular blocks water enclosing so that in the greenhouse Planting site depth D1 within the scope of keep dry exsiccosis, the buried planting site depth D2 ranges in greenhouse of the feed pipe Interior, the root of watermelon reaches around the feed pipe;Wherein, D2>D1.
4. growth of watermelon method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that described further includes Film rolling mechanism, the wound membrane Mechanism includes the driving mechanism of the film rolling axis and the drive film rolling axis movement for winding first canopy film, the wound membrane It is provided on axis and is converted to rotary motion for that will move along a straight line to drive the rotation section of the film rolling axis rotation, the support frame It is additionally provided on frame for coordinating with the rotation section to drive the auxiliary section of rotation section rotation, under first canopy film Edge is arranged on the film rolling axis;
The growth of watermelon method further includes:Ventilation illumination process, in the case where having sunlight irradiation daytime, the wound membrane machine Structure has wound the first canopy film, so that the watermelon in the greenhouse is aerated and direct sunlight.
5. growth of watermelon method according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the rotation section is to be arranged in the film rolling axis On gear, the auxiliary section be rack;Alternatively, the rotation section is the sprocket wheel being arranged on the film rolling axis, the cooperation Portion is chain;Alternatively, the rotation section is the friction pulley being arranged on the film rolling axis, the auxiliary section is fricting strip.
6. growth of watermelon method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the driving mechanism includes motor, shaft, drive Chain and closed reel are moved, rotatable axle sleeve is provided on the film rolling axis, the one end of the drive chain connects the axis The other end of set, the drive chain connects the closed reel, and the motor is drivingly connected with the shaft, in the shaft It is provided with drive sprocket, the drive sprocket is engaged with the drive chain.
7. growth of watermelon method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the driving mechanism includes motor, on two Synchronizing wheel and two lower synchronizing wheels, are provided with synchronizing bar between two upper synchronizing wheels, between two lower synchronizing wheels It is provided with lower synchronizing bar, synchronized links part, the synchronization are provided between the upper synchronizing wheel and the corresponding lower synchronizing wheel It is provided with mounting base on connector, axis hole is provided in the mounting base, the film rolling axis is arranged between two mounting bases simultaneously Rotatably be mounted in the axis hole, the upper synchronizing wheel is arranged in the upside at the top of the braced frame, it is described similarly hereinafter Step wheel is arranged in the downside at the top of the braced frame.
8. growth of watermelon method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the greenhouse further includes controller, the collection The level switch being connect with the controller is provided in water container, the lower part of the collecting container is provided with interface, described Interface is connected with water pump, and the feed pipe is connect by solenoid valve with the collecting container, the upper humidity sensor, lower humidity Sensor and the solenoid valve are connect with the controller respectively;The upper humidity sensor and the equal position of lower humidity sensor Under the earth's surface reference plane.
9. growth of watermelon method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the greenhouse is internally provided with and the control The temperature sensor of device connection, the greenhouse are provided with switchable ventilation opening;And/or be additionally provided with above the greenhouse can The solar protection devices of switch, the greenhouse further include light sensor, the solar protection devices and the light sensor respectively with institute State controller connection.
10. growth of watermelon method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the greenhouse includes multiple greenhouses, often A greenhouse is each equipped with the feed pipe, the collecting container, the water pump and the controller;The greenhouse also configures There are water supply transfer container, the water pump to be connect respectively with the water supply transfer container.
CN201810157748.0A 2017-03-12 2018-02-24 Growth of watermelon method CN108338046A (en)

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CN206744046U (en) * 2017-03-12 2017-12-15 秦春明 Tilting greenhouse system
CN107593177A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-01-19 顾广石 A kind of preparation method of temperature control green house
CN107926650A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-20 山东永盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of heliogreenhouse color green pepper watering
CN108094152A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-06-01 山东省寿光蔬菜产业集团有限公司 A kind of method of cucumber in solar-greenhouse watering
CN108029514A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-05-15 山东永盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of summer squash in greenhouse watering
CN108076921A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-05-29 山东永盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of Temperature Depression of Eggplant in Solar Greenhouse watering
CN108094132A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-06-01 山东永盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of heliogreenhouse kidney bean watering
CN107896743A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-13 山东省寿光蔬菜产业集团有限公司 A kind of method of Tomato in Greenhouse watering
CN107711219A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-02-23 青岛绿色硅谷科技有限公司 A kind of method of heliogreenhouse muskmelon watering
CN108643470A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-10-12 枞阳县黄公山清涧家庭农场 A kind of awning convenient for rainwater-collecting and irrigation
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