CN104542164B - A kind of interplanting method of Folium Camelliae sinensis - Google Patents

A kind of interplanting method of Folium Camelliae sinensis Download PDF

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CN104542164B
CN104542164B CN201510041725.XA CN201510041725A CN104542164B CN 104542164 B CN104542164 B CN 104542164B CN 201510041725 A CN201510041725 A CN 201510041725A CN 104542164 B CN104542164 B CN 104542164B
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ditch
planting site
folium camelliae
camelliae sinensis
thorn
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CN104542164A (en
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王寿南
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Guangzhou Hehe Chang Tea Industry Technology Co., Ltd.
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Anhui Lanxi Engineering Technology Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention relates to the interplanting method of a kind of Folium Camelliae sinensis, refer to, in hillside interplanting in woodland common vetch dish, Folium Camelliae sinensis, the method for thorn China fir, specifically include the transformation in forest land, hillside, the planting of Folium Camelliae sinensis, apply fertilizer, the interplanting thorn operation such as Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici).Thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. forms a hedge hurdle in the outside in ditch, within it plants bigger tea seedling, Camellia sinensis happiness the moon, it is possible to well growing, many crops are interplanted, and improve whole economic benefit.

Description

A kind of interplanting method of Folium Camelliae sinensis
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural production, be specifically related to the interplanting method of a kind of Folium Camelliae sinensis.
Background technology
Common vetch dish, formal name used at school purple dustpan, belong to perennial pteridophyta, have in mountain area, Dabie Mountain and exist widely. Containing the various trace elements such as rich in protein, vitamin and potassium, calcium, squama, common vetch in common vetch dish Dish not only can be made into the dish of delicious food, have more anticancer, heat clearing away, detoxify, lose weight, the merit such as beauty treatment Effect, has obvious inhibitory action to the virus such as influenza, encephalitis B simultaneously, be long-term outlet, Be in great demand overseas vegetable, is particularly exported to Japan.
At present, common vetch dish is field acquisition mostly, although also have a local experiment artificial growth, but its Yielding poorly, the common vetch dish stem of collection is thin, poor quality, and after plucking one, two years, common vetch dish will be withered Or no longer bract bud.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the interplanting method of a kind of Folium Camelliae sinensis, it can effectively solve above-mentioned asking Topic, the yield of common vetch dish is high, and common vetch dish is sturdy, quality better, can pluck for a long time, will not the underproduction.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs techniques below scheme:
The interplanting method of a kind of Folium Camelliae sinensis, refers in hillside interplanting in woodland common vetch dish, Folium Camelliae sinensis, the side of thorn China fir Method, specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1: become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site behind whole ground respectively along hillside etc. High line is offered, and domatic outside between adjacent planting site uses stone heap to build a dam the ridge, in each planting site Portion offers ditch, ditch along the length direction of planting site offer and in ditch along its length between Every arranging compartment, ditch is separated into each tank by compartment, and the two ends compartment of each tank is respectively provided with First and second flowing water mouth, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth, on same tank the 3rd The height of the height of flowing water mouth and the less flowing water mouth of first and second flowing water mouth camber keeps consistent, Compartment and the 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch are arranged in interleaved shape respectively, the top in forest land, hillside Ditch, portion is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with the sparge pipe that horizontal shape is arranged, Bidirectional spray head it is arranged at intervals with, an oblique sensing in water outlet direction of Bidirectional spray head on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe The sidewall of Ba Geng, another water outlet direction of Bidirectional spray head point to the side away from Ba Geng, water obliquely Planting site is divided into the first planting site being positioned at inside ditch and is positioned at second outside ditch by ditch Planting site, the first planting site uses improvement soil to fill out whole forming, and improvement soil is dry land soil, peat Soil and fire loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2~0.8:1:0.4, dry land Soil by do not sow during the paddy soils taken after rice terrace draining dry field 3~June, dry field crop and Digging 2~3 times, fire loam is the fire ash that burns till of straw, tree branches and leaves, weeds and soil (mountain, forest land The native country in forest land, slope) obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2~3;
S2: plant ground at second kind spring then and be spaced the thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting, thorn Preservative treatment is clipped and carried out truncated position to the trunk of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling after surviving by China fir Seedling, stings the tree of China fir At pocket, tufted grows thorn China fir seedling, in autumn in the same year by the common vetch dish Seedling of artificial propagation/wild the Plant interval, place bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam, ground for one kind to plant, and pour water in ditch, in ditch Water surface elevation, less than the ground level 12~17cm of the first planting site, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating and the One layer of leaves of the earth's surface bedding of one planting site;
S3: Second Year start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) irrigate, 4~common vetch dish in May start bract bud, after common vetch dish bract bud Opening Bidirectional spray head night every day and carry out the spray painting of 3~5min, common vetch dish is not carried out by bract bud First Year Plucking, prune thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., retain a major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling carries out plucking top makes it Height, between 1.4~1.6m, is planted at first kind in Second Year autumn and is broadcasted sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) on the ground, purple cloud Bedding is on the earth's surface of the first planting site together with leaves to be cut receipts after Yingcheng is ripe, during JIUYUE, Plant for second kind and dig the deep planting hole of 50cm on the ground, put into 2.0kg green manure in the bottom of planting hole, Then with 1.5kg poultry muck, the compacting of 2.0kg cake fertilizer, covering with plastic film becomes thoroughly decomposed, after becoming thoroughly decomposed Withdraw mulch film, the fertilizer in planting hole is stirred and spreads, during November, plant life in 3~4 years Tea seedling, Camellia sinensis be positioned at thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. inner side and with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. interval-staggered, after the Frost's Descent stop Irrigate;
S4: from the beginning of the 3rd year, is repeated below operation: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate and to Folium Camelliae sinensis every year Applying Tea Industry special fertilizer, the applied amount of Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer is 30kg/ mu, and 3, April is to common vetch dish Applying once to help bud fertile, Folium Camelliae sinensis germinates and after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens Bidirectional spray head and carries out The spray painting of 3~5min, 4~May to common vetch dish pluck 3~4 times, within the 3rd year, Folium Camelliae sinensis is not adopted Plucking and only prune, the 4th year starts to pluck Folium Camelliae sinensis, repaiies the dwarf branch bar of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Cut so that it is height, less than 1.5m, broadcasts sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) at the first planting site, the second planting site autumn Upper sowing Herba Trifolii Pratentis, cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding at the first planting site Earth's surface, is turned in the soil being embedded in the second planting site after Herba Trifolii Pratentis maturation, stop irrigating after the Frost's Descent, Bud fertilizer is helped to obtain for fire loam and people's retention of urine liquid/carbamide mixed preparing.
The plantation of common vetch dish, topmost is exactly the control of liquid manure, common vetch dish happiness water happiness the moon, but is also afraid of Waterlogging, and the harshest to soil for growth.The present invention is by the transformation in forest land, above-mentioned hillside, water The irrigation system that ditch is constituted, it is possible to make the forest land, irrigation whole hillside of uniform fluid flow, ditch simultaneously In water lev el control less than the first planting site earth's surface 12~17cm, it is ensured that the happiness water of common vetch dish irrigate and Not havinging waterlogging, common vetch dish is planted bottom the ridge, dam, will get well more than level land planting effect, Common vetch dish is affected by Ba Geng so that the new stem and leaf sent out grows to away from Ba Geng side so that it is interior Phytohormone stimulates root to sprout more spore, improves yield, the simultaneously setting of Ba Geng, can So that first kind is planted ground side's current and does not oozes from its underpart from the trickling of the earth's surface of the first planting site Thoroughly in ditch, prevent common vetch dish waterlogging, it addition, the Ba Geng that stone heap is built, can be in forest land transformation Initial stage plays fixation, and preventing came down during rainy season causes forest land, hillside to be ruined;Bidirectional spray head is at night Evening sprays in short-term, Simulated rainwater sky so that the sparse spray of part rainwater, on common vetch dish bud, promotes common vetch The growth of dish bud so that common vetch dish bud is more sturdy;The improvement soil of the most above-mentioned preparation, in acidity Support, with fertilizer, the optimal demand more grown with common vetch dish to match so that common vetch dish is more sturdy, additionally purple Cloud English can be vegetated in the soil property of the first planting site, and the Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) of harvesting, leaves cover Lid so that common vetch dish can preferably be survived the winter, it is ensured that common vetch dish germinates spore the coming year, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), leaves Rot and help the applying that bud is fertile to can be good at supplementing fertility and the regulation acidity of the first planting site, Common vetch dish can be plucked every year.The low cost of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. breeding, survival rate are high, growth Hurry up, after cutting down its major branch, substantial amounts of new talent can be grown at tree stump, it is possible to quickly at common vetch dish The fence that peripheral formation is sheltered from heat or light, it is ensured that the common vetch dish demand to growing environment, shortens whole forest land simultaneously The cycle of transformation.Certainly, the simplest above-mentioned Main Function illustrating that each factor is individually played, By the mutually coordinated effect of each factor so that common vetch dish can the most all carry out the harvesting of high yield, And the common vetch dish of harvesting is sturdy, quality better.
Detailed scheme is:
The height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and it is 30~35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, improvement Soil is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with sandy soils, and dam extends in sandy soils bottom the ridge.After Second Year Plant plantation Camellia sinensis on the ground at second kind, Camellia sinensis be positioned at thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. inner side and with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. interleaved Arrange.Improvement soil is that dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam mix according to the weight ratio of 0.5:1:0.2 Conjunction preparation obtains, help bud fertilizer be 50kg fire loam and 10L people's retention of urine liquid preparation obtain.Second Year After, the trunk of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is the biggest and dwarf branch bar of at tree stump is the most in great numbers, just as in ditch Outside forms a hedge hurdle, the most within it plants bigger tea seedling, Camellia sinensis happiness the moon, it is possible to very Good growth, due to plantation Camellia sinensis, what the ground level of the second planting site was arranged plants more than first kind Ground ground level 10~15cm, many crops are interplanted, improve whole economic benefit.And, thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., Common vetch dish is all the crop that insect pest will not occur, and by interplanting, can eliminate large stretch of Tea planting easy There is the phenomenon of pest and disease damage, improve the economic benefit of whole agricultural.
Technique scheme can significantly improve after the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and the 3rd year annual the most all Can pluck common vetch dish, the fresh leaf of Folium Camelliae sinensis is stout and strong, does not haves pest and disease damage phenomenon.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation in ditch is offered on Fig. 1 is domatic;
Fig. 2 is domatic sectional schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment to this Bright it is specifically described.Should be appreciated that following word is only in order to describe the one of the present invention or several Planting specific embodiment, the protection domain of not concrete to present invention request carries out considered critical.
Following embodiment 1~2 is in the cool breeze farm of Yuexi County Hong Sheng agricultural science and technology company limited Carrying out, spore refers to send tender white spore on the common vetch dish root and stem of certain plants, and spore is plucked after growing up to common vetch dish, Loose stool water behaviour retention of urine liquid and 2 times of water mixed preparing obtain, urea water be 100~200g carbamide and The preparation of 1L water obtains.The concrete amount of application of fertilizer not clearly stated in following embodiment 1,2, this Skilled person can use in right amount according to the effect of fertilizer and use age, it is ensured that farming Reliably planting of thing, it addition, in whole planting process, be required for every year carrying out weeding, loosen the soil, Parasite killing etc. operate.In the present invention if no special instructions, the percent of component is mass concentration.
Embodiment 1
Hold fire line successfully to carry out refining mountain in forest land, selected hillside, select fine day to grill thoroughly burned for ground, burn ground After tree root, the grass root and stem of certain plants are rooted out, become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site 11 behind whole ground Equal pitch contour along hillside is offered respectively, and the domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 uses stone heap Building a dam the ridge 12, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along the length of planting site 11 Degree direction offers and ditch 13 is spaced along its length and arranges compartment 131, and compartment 131 is by ditch 13 are separated into each tank, and the two ends compartment 131 of each tank is respectively provided with first and second flowing water mouth 132, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the 3rd flowing water mouth on same tank The height of the height of 133 and the less flowing water mouth of first and second flowing water mouth 132 camber keeps consistent (as the height at the first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, the then height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 Spend consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 and the 3rd flowing water Mouth 133 is arranged in interleaved shape respectively, the ditch, top 13 in forest land, hillside and water supply installation phase Connecting, the upper outside on the ridge, dam 12 is provided with the sparge pipe 14 that horizontal shape is arranged, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe On be arranged at intervals with Bidirectional spray head, the sidewall of the oblique sensing in a water outlet direction Ba Geng of Bidirectional spray head, The side away from Ba Geng is pointed in another water outlet direction of Bidirectional spray head obliquely, and ditch 13 will plantation Ground 11 is divided into the first planting site 111 being positioned at inside ditch 13 and is positioned at outside ditch 13 Second planting site 112, the first planting site 111 uses improvement soil to fill out whole forming, and improvement soil is Dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2, dry land Soil by do not sow during the paddy soils taken after rice terrace draining dry field 3~June, dry field crop and Dig 2~3 times, fire loam be the fire ash that burns till of straw, tree branches and leaves, weeds with forest land soil according to The weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2 obtains;The height on the ridge, dam 12 is 60~80cm, and improvement soil is filled out Whole thickness is 30~35cm, and improvement soil is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with sandy soils 15, Ba Geng Extending in sandy soils 15 bottom 12, the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, second The width of planting site 112 is 1~1.2m;
The thorn China fir 11b seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting it is spaced spring then on the second planting site 112, Spacing in the rows 1.5m, the trunk of thorn China fir 11b seedling is clipped and enters truncated position after surviving by thorn China fir 11b Seedling Row preservative treatment, at the tree stump of thorn China fir 11b, tufted grows thorn China fir 11b seedling, in the autumn in the same year The common vetch dish Seedling 11a of artificial propagation is close on the first planting site 111 interval, place bottom the ridge, dam 12 Planting, the width planting plant hole is 20~25 centimetres, and size is 20 × 20cm, by spacing in the rows 15cm Planting, during transplanting, common vetch dish Seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder root system, waters and determine root water after cultivation, and Pouring water in ditch 13, the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is high less than the earth's surface of the first planting site 111 Degree 12~17cm, stops irrigation the one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding at the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, Can be selected for leaves that miscellaneous tree descends slowly and lightly and Folium Pini carries out bedding;
Second Year start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) irrigate, 4~common vetch dish in May start bract bud, every day after common vetch dish bract bud Open Bidirectional spray head night and carry out the spray painting of 3~5min, before spore and after spore, use loose stool water or urine Element water carries out topdressing and carries Seedling, and common vetch dish is not plucked by bract bud First Year, carries out thorn Shan11bShu Prune, retain a piece major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling carry out plucking top make its highly 1.4~1.6m it Between, plant at first kind in Second Year autumn and broadcast sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) on the ground, cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts and Leaves bedding together is on the earth's surface of the first planting site, during JIUYUE, plants at second kind and digs 50cm on the ground Deep planting hole, the bottom of planting hole put into 2.0kg green manure, then with 1.5kg poultry muck, 2.0kg cake fertilizer is compacted, and covering with plastic film becomes thoroughly decomposed, and become thoroughly decomposed the liftoff film of recession, in planting hole Fertilizer carries out stirring spreading, and plants 3~4 years raw tea seedling 11c during November, and Camellia sinensis is positioned at thorn The inner side of Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. and interval-staggered with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent;
From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate and Folium Camelliae sinensis is applied Tea Industry special fertilizer (production of Fujian Chaoda Modern Agriculture Group Co., Ltd), executing of Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer Dosage is 30kg/ mu, 3, April apply common vetch dish once to help bud fertile, Folium Camelliae sinensis germinates and common vetch After dish bract bud, night every day opens Bidirectional spray head and carries out the spray painting of 3~5min, 4~May to common vetch dish Plucking 3~4 times, the 3rd year Folium Camelliae sinensis does not carries out plucking only pruning, and the 4th year starts Folium Camelliae sinensis Pluck, the dwarf branch bar of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is pruned so that it is height, less than 1.5m, exists autumn First planting site broadcasts sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), plants sowing Herba Trifolii Pratentis on the ground, by it after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation for second kind Cut receipts bedding together with leaves to be turned over behind the earth's surface of the first planting site, Herba Trifolii Pratentis maturation and be embedded in the In the soil of two planting sites, stopping irrigating after the Frost's Descent, helping bud fertilizer is 50kg fire loam and 10L people The preparation of retention of urine liquid obtains.
Embodiment 2
Hold fire line successfully to carry out refining mountain in forest land, selected hillside, select fine day to grill thoroughly burned for ground, burn ground After tree root, the grass root and stem of certain plants are rooted out, become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site 11 behind whole ground Equal pitch contour along hillside is offered respectively, and the domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 uses stone heap Building a dam the ridge 12, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along the length of planting site 11 Degree direction offers and ditch 13 is spaced along its length and arranges compartment 131, and compartment 131 is by ditch 13 are separated into each tank, and the two ends compartment 131 of each tank is respectively provided with first and second flowing water mouth 132, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the 3rd flowing water mouth on same tank The height of the height of 133 and the less flowing water mouth of first and second flowing water mouth 132 camber keeps consistent (as the height at the first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, the then height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 Spend consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 and the 3rd flowing water Mouth 133 is arranged in interleaved shape respectively, the ditch, top 13 in forest land, hillside and water supply installation phase Connecting, the upper outside on the ridge, dam 12 is provided with the sparge pipe 14 that horizontal shape is arranged, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe On be arranged at intervals with Bidirectional spray head, the sidewall of the oblique sensing in a water outlet direction Ba Geng of Bidirectional spray head, The side away from Ba Geng is pointed in another water outlet direction of Bidirectional spray head obliquely, and ditch 13 will plantation Ground 11 is divided into the first planting site 111 being positioned at inside ditch 13 and is positioned at outside ditch 13 Second planting site 112, the first planting site 111 uses improvement soil to fill out whole forming, and improvement soil is Dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.8:1:0.4, dry land Soil by do not sow during the paddy soils taken after rice terrace draining dry field 3~June, dry field crop and Digging 2~3 times, fire loam is the fire ash that burns till of straw, tree branches and leaves, weeds and soil (mountain, forest land The native country in forest land, slope) obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:3;The height on the ridge, dam 12 be 60~ 80cm, it is 30~35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, and improvement soil is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with Sandy soils, extends to bottom the ridge, dam 12 in sandy soils, the width of the first planting site 111 be 30~ 40cm, the width of the second planting site 112 is 1~1.2m;
The thorn China fir 11b seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting it is spaced spring then on the second planting site 112, Spacing in the rows 1.5m, the trunk of thorn China fir 11b seedling is clipped and enters truncated position after surviving by thorn China fir 11b Seedling Row preservative treatment, at the tree stump of thorn China fir 11b, tufted grows thorn China fir 11b seedling, in the autumn in the same year Wild common vetch dish Seedling 11a is close on the first planting site 111 interval, place bottom the ridge, dam 12 carry out Planting, the width planting plant hole is 20~25 centimetres, and size is 20 × 20cm, plants by spacing in the rows 15cm Planting, during transplanting, common vetch dish Seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder root system, waters and determine root water after cultivation, and Pouring water in ditch 13, the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is less than the ground level of the first planting site 111 12~17cm, stop irrigation the one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding at the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, Can be selected for leaves that miscellaneous tree descends slowly and lightly and Folium Pini carries out bedding;
Second Year start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) irrigate, 4~common vetch dish in May start bract bud, every day after common vetch dish bract bud Open Bidirectional spray head night and carry out the spray painting of 3~5min, before spore and after spore, use loose stool water or urine Element water carries out topdressing and carries Seedling, and common vetch dish is not plucked by bract bud First Year, carries out thorn Shan11bShu Prune, retain a piece major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling carry out plucking top make its highly 1.4~1.6m it Between, plant at first kind in Second Year autumn and broadcast sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) on the ground, cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts and Leaves bedding together is on the earth's surface of the first planting site, during JIUYUE, plants at second kind and digs 50cm on the ground Deep planting hole, the bottom of planting hole put into 2.0kg green manure, then with 1.5kg poultry muck, 2.0kg cake fertilizer is compacted, and covering with plastic film becomes thoroughly decomposed, and become thoroughly decomposed the liftoff film of recession, in planting hole Fertilizer carries out stirring spreading, and plants 3~4 years raw tea seedling 11c during November, and Camellia sinensis is positioned at thorn The inner side of Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. and interval-staggered with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent;
From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate and Folium Camelliae sinensis is applied Tea Industry special fertilizer, the applied amount of Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer is 30kg/ mu, and 3, common vetch dish applies by April Once help bud fertile, Folium Camelliae sinensis germinate and after common vetch dish bract bud night every day open Bidirectional spray head carry out 3~ The spray painting of 5min, 4~May common vetch dish is plucked 3~4 times, the 3rd year Folium Camelliae sinensis does not carry out only plucking Pruning, the 4th year starts to pluck Folium Camelliae sinensis, prunes the dwarf branch bar of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., Make its height less than 1.5m, broadcast sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) at the first planting site autumn, plant for second kind and broadcast on the ground Kind of Herba Trifolii Pratentis, cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding on the ground of the first planting site Table, is turned in the soil being embedded in the second planting site after Herba Trifolii Pratentis maturation, stop irrigating after the Frost's Descent, Help bud fertilizer be 50kg fire loam and 10L people's retention of urine liquid preparation obtain.
In above-described embodiment 1,2, the plantation amount of every mu of common vetch dish is 2000~2500 strains, every mu of year Produce 350 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes, pluck a length of the 15~20cm of fresh common vetch dish, the root of fresh common vetch dish root A diameter of 0.8~1.2cm, the fibrosis of fresh common vetch dish is low.
The plantation of tradition level land, the plantation amount of mu common vetch dish is 4500~6000 strains, produces 300 per year for every mu Kilogram fresh common vetch dish, plucks a length of the 15~20cm of fresh common vetch dish, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.3~0.6cm, the fibrosis on fresh common vetch dish surface is high.
Starting to pluck Folium Camelliae sinensis from the 4th year in above-described embodiment 1,2, the Folium Camelliae sinensis fertilizer of harvesting is tender, tea Leaf does not haves pest and disease damage, per mu yield dry tea about 100kg.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the art Those of ordinary skill for, after knowing content described in the present invention, former without departing from the present invention On the premise of reason, it is also possible to it is made some equal conversion and replacement, these convert on an equal basis and replace In generation, also should be regarded as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. an interplanting method for Folium Camelliae sinensis, refers in hillside interplanting in woodland common vetch dish, Folium Camelliae sinensis, the method for thorn China fir, specifically includes following operating procedure:
nullS1: become staged by whole for forest land, hillside,Each planting site behind whole ground is offered along the equal pitch contour on hillside respectively,Domatic outside between adjacent planting site uses stone heap to build a dam the ridge,Ditch is offered in the middle part of each planting site,Ditch offers along the length direction of planting site and in ditch, interval arranges compartment along its length,Ditch is separated into each tank by compartment,It is respectively provided with first on the two ends compartment of each tank、The second-rate mouth of a river,The 3rd flowing water mouth is offered on cell wall outside tank,The height and first of the 3rd flowing water mouth on same tank、The height of the flowing water mouth that second-rate mouth of a river camber is less keeps consistent,Compartment and the 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch are arranged in interleaved shape respectively,The ditch, top in forest land, hillside is connected with water supply installation,The upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with the sparge pipe that horizontal shape is arranged,It is arranged at intervals with Bidirectional spray head on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe,The sidewall of the one oblique sensing in water outlet direction Ba Geng of Bidirectional spray head、The side away from Ba Geng is pointed in another water outlet direction of Bidirectional spray head obliquely,Planting site is divided into the first planting site being positioned at inside ditch and is positioned at the second planting site outside ditch by ditch,First planting site uses improvement soil to fill out whole forming,Improvement soil is dry land soil、Peat soil and fire loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2~0.8:1:0.4,Dry land soil is the paddy soils taken after rice terrace draining dry field 3~June,Do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2~3 times,Fire loam is straw、Tree branches and leaves、The fire ash that weeds burn till obtains according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2~3 with forest land soil;
S2: plant ground at second kind spring then and be spaced the thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting, the trunk of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling is clipped and truncated position is carried out preservative treatment after surviving by thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling, at the tree stump of thorn China fir, tufted grows thorn China fir seedling, in the autumn in the same year, at first kind, artificial propagation or wild common vetch dish Seedling are planted interval, place bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam, ground to plant, and pour water in ditch, water surface elevation in ditch, less than the ground level 12~17cm of the first planting site, stops irrigation the one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding at the first planting site after the Frost's Descent;
nullS3: Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate,4~common vetch dish in May start bract bud,After common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens Bidirectional spray head and carries out the spray painting of 3~5min,Common vetch dish is not plucked by bract bud First Year,Thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is pruned,Retain a major branch,Remaining thorn China fir seedling carries out plucking top makes its height between 1.4~1.6m,Plant at first kind in Second Year autumn and broadcast sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) on the ground,Cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site,During JIUYUE,Plant at second kind and dig the deep planting hole of 50cm on the ground,2.0kg green manure is put in the bottom of planting hole,Then with 1.5kg poultry muck、2.0kg cake fertilizer is compacted,Covering with plastic film becomes thoroughly decomposed,Become thoroughly decomposed the liftoff film of recession,Fertilizer in planting hole is stirred and spreads,3~4 years raw tea seedlings are planted during November,Camellia sinensis be positioned at thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. inner side and with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. interval-staggered,Stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating;
nullS4: from the beginning of the 3rd year,It is repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate and Folium Camelliae sinensis is applied Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer,The applied amount of Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer is 30kg/ mu,3、Apply common vetch dish April once to help bud fertile,Folium Camelliae sinensis germinates and after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens Bidirectional spray head and carries out the spray painting of 3~5min,4~May to common vetch dish pluck 3~4 times,3rd year Folium Camelliae sinensis does not carries out plucking only pruning,4th year starts to pluck Folium Camelliae sinensis,The dwarf branch bar of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is pruned,Make its height less than 1.5m,Autumn broadcasts sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) at the first planting site,Plant sowing Herba Trifolii Pratentis on the ground for second kind,Cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site,Turned over after Herba Trifolii Pratentis maturation in the soil being embedded in the second planting site,Stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating,Bud fertilizer is helped to obtain for fire loam and people and animals' urine mixed preparing.
The interplanting method of Folium Camelliae sinensis the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and it is 30~35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, and improvement soil is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with sandy soils, and dam extends in sandy soils bottom the ridge.
The interplanting method of Folium Camelliae sinensis the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: improvement soil is that dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2.
The interplanting method of Folium Camelliae sinensis the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: help bud fertilizer be 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urine preparation obtain.
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