CN112314341A - Photovoltaic greenhouse for cultivating phellinus igniarius and system thereof - Google Patents

Photovoltaic greenhouse for cultivating phellinus igniarius and system thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112314341A
CN112314341A CN202011212097.4A CN202011212097A CN112314341A CN 112314341 A CN112314341 A CN 112314341A CN 202011212097 A CN202011212097 A CN 202011212097A CN 112314341 A CN112314341 A CN 112314341A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
module
solar cell
fixed
photovoltaic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011212097.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋宁
侯立娟
林金盛
柴燕青
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Jiangsu Zhengyuantang Biotechnology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Zhengyuantang Biotechnology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Zhengyuantang Biotechnology Co ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Zhengyuantang Biotechnology Co ltd
Priority to CN202011212097.4A priority Critical patent/CN112314341A/en
Publication of CN112314341A publication Critical patent/CN112314341A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/60Cultivation rooms; Equipment therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/60Cultivation rooms; Equipment therefor
    • A01G18/69Arrangements for managing the environment, e.g. sprinklers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/42Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with only one rotation axis
    • F24S30/425Horizontal axis
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S30/00Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
    • H02S30/20Collapsible or foldable PV modules
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The invention discloses a photovoltaic greenhouse for cultivating phellinus igniarius and a system thereof, which relate to the technical field of fungus cultivation and comprise a photovoltaic greenhouse and a system for adjusting greenhouse environment change, wherein the photovoltaic greenhouse comprises a greenhouse wall, and the top of the greenhouse wall is provided with a fixed solar cell panel and a movable solar cell panel at intervals along the slope direction; a plurality of ventilation fans are arranged on the wall body of the greenhouse along the length direction, and a heating module is fixedly arranged at one end of each ventilation fan, which is positioned on the inner side of the greenhouse; a plurality of atomizing nozzles and fluorescent lamps are arranged in the photovoltaic greenhouse; the system comprises a control box, a programmable PLC, a power module, a temperature control module, a humidity control module, an illumination intensity control module and a ventilation module, wherein the programmable PLC is arranged in the control box, and the power module, the temperature control module, the humidity control module, the illumination intensity control module and the ventilation module are connected with the PLC in a control mode. According to the method, photovoltaic power generation of the phellinus igniarius cultivation greenhouse is guaranteed, automatic control of the environment in the greenhouse is achieved, an uninterrupted cultivation environment for phellinus igniarius is created, and the phellinus igniarius cultivation is facilitated.

Description

Photovoltaic greenhouse for cultivating phellinus igniarius and system thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of fungus cultivation, and particularly relates to a photovoltaic greenhouse for phellinus igniarius cultivation and a system thereof.
Background
Phellinus igniarius is also called Phellinus igniarius, Morus alba L. Parasitizing on poplar, willow, birch, oak, pine and other trees, and widely distributing. Phellinus linteus sporocarp is perennial, hardwood substance, sessile, lateral growth. The pileus is flat and hemispherical, U-shaped or irregular, the long diameter is 3-21 cm, the short diameter is 2-12 cm, and the thickness is 1.5-10 cm. Has a yellow flanging, and the bottom surface is also bright yellow. The mushroom flesh is yolk-colored or light coffee-colored, and is woody. The color of the tea is bright yellow.
The phellinus igniarius has the efficacies of promoting blood circulation, stopping bleeding, resolving fluid retention and stopping diarrhea. It is commonly used for metrorrhagia, stranguria with blood, rectocele, diarrhea, leukorrhagia, amenorrhea, abdominal mass, retained fluid, spleen deficiency and diarrhea. Modern researches show that phellinus igniarius also has the obvious effects of resisting tumors and oxidation, enhancing immunity, protecting the liver, reducing blood fat, inhibiting uric acid, resisting allergy and the like. Has high scientific research value.
Due to environmental restrictions, domestic wild Phellinus linteus concentrated distribution areas are produced in small quantities in the areas between Wusuli river and Xingkai lake in the east of Black Long Jiang province, junctures between Shanxi and Gansu in the northwest, Changbai mountain forest areas in the northeast, and vintage mountains between Harbin and Jilin city. Natural wild phellinus linteus is rare, and phellinus linteus is a temperature-preference fungus and requires higher temperature in the growth and development process. The growth temperature of hypha is the best at 24-28 ℃, the air relative humidity is required to be 50% -60%, the fruiting bodies grow best at 18-26 ℃, the air relative humidity is increased to 90% -95%, good ventilation and proper illumination intensity are required in the growth process, and the traditional planting greenhouse cannot meet the requirement of phellinus igniarius cultivation in order to expand the cultivation of phellinus igniarius. Therefore, the photovoltaic greenhouse for cultivating the phellinus igniarius and the system thereof are provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a photovoltaic greenhouse for cultivating phellinus igniarius and a system thereof, which not only ensure that the phellinus igniarius cultivating greenhouse realizes the purpose of photovoltaic power generation and is energy-saving and environment-friendly, but also realize the automatic control of the environment in the greenhouse to build an uninterrupted cultivating environment for phellinus igniarius, thereby being more beneficial to the cultivation of phellinus igniarius.
The invention provides the following technical scheme: a photovoltaic greenhouse and a system for cultivating phellinus igniarius comprise a photovoltaic greenhouse and a system for adjusting greenhouse environment change, wherein the photovoltaic greenhouse comprises a greenhouse wall body, the top of the greenhouse wall body is of a slope structure, a door body is arranged on one side of the greenhouse wall body, and a fixed solar cell panel and a movable solar cell panel are arranged at the top of the greenhouse wall body at intervals along the slope direction;
the bottom of the fixed solar cell panel is fixed on the wall of the greenhouse through a fixing support;
the bottom of the movable solar cell panel is fixed on the wall of the greenhouse through a telescopic bracket;
an electric telescopic rod for lifting the telescopic bracket is fixedly arranged on the wall body of the greenhouse;
the greenhouse wall is provided with a plurality of ventilation fans along the length direction, and one end of each ventilation fan, which is positioned at the inner side of the greenhouse, is fixedly provided with a heating module;
a plurality of atomizing nozzles and fluorescent lamps are arranged on a ceiling keel of the photovoltaic greenhouse along the length direction of the greenhouse;
the system comprises a control box, wherein the control box is arranged on a wall body of the greenhouse, a programmable PLC is arranged in the control box, the programmable PLC is connected with a power module, a temperature control module, a humidity control module, an illumination intensity control module and a ventilation module which are controlled and connected by the PLC, the input end of the power module is connected with a fixed solar cell panel and a movable solar cell panel, the control output end of the temperature control module is connected with a heating module and a ventilation fan, the control output end of the humidity control module is connected with electric control switches on the ventilation fan and an atomizing nozzle, the control output end of the illumination intensity control module is connected with a fluorescent lamp and an electric telescopic rod, and the control output end of the ventilation module is connected with the.
Furthermore, a shading net used for wrapping the telescopic support is arranged on the periphery of the movable solar cell panel.
Furthermore, elastic ropes are woven in the shading net, and the light transmittance is increased after the shading net is unfolded.
Further, telescopic bracket includes fixed frame and movable frame, fixed frame is used for fixing on the big-arch shelter wall body, movable frame is used for fixed movable solar cell panel, movable frame and fixed frame's both sides are equipped with a plurality of connecting rods along its length direction, the top of connecting rod is fixed on movable frame through last swivel mount, and the bottom of connecting rod is fixed on fixed frame through lower swivel mount, is equipped with the pivot on one of them connecting rod, electric telescopic handle's output is equipped with the lift coupling mechanism of a plurality of pivots in the synchronous lift.
Furthermore, the lifting connection mechanism comprises a push-pull rod, the rotating shaft is movably connected to the push-pull rod, a strip-shaped push-pull sliding groove penetrates through the push-pull rod, a push-pull sliding block is connected in the push-pull sliding groove in a sliding connection mode, and the push-pull sliding block is fixed to the output end of the electric telescopic rod.
Furthermore, a sealing rubber ring is arranged on the bottom of the movable frame in the circumferential direction.
Furthermore, the heating module is a resistance wire heating module.
Furthermore, a storage battery for storing the electric energy of the fixed solar cell panel and the movable solar cell panel is arranged in the system, and the storage battery is arranged in the control box and connected with the power supply module.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: guarantee on the one hand that phellinus igniarius cultivates the purpose that the big-arch shelter realized photovoltaic power generation, energy-concerving and environment-protective, on the other hand realizes greenhouse shed internal environment automated control, builds out the incessant environment of cultivating of phellinus igniarius, and more favourable phellinus igniarius is cultivated:
(1) when the solar greenhouse is used, the fixed solar cell panel and the movable solar cell panel arranged at the top of the wall body of the greenhouse generate electricity by using solar energy, so that the supply of electric energy is realized, the solar energy is used as a clean energy source, the solar greenhouse is more economic and environment-friendly, the remote place of the greenhouse is avoided, and the problem of power supply is solved;
(2) the movable solar cell panel and the fluorescent lamp are arranged, the opening degree of the movable solar cell panel can be automatically adjusted according to different sunlight intensities, the adjustment of the sunlight intensity in the greenhouse is realized, when the illumination intensity in the greenhouse is lower than a set threshold value, the opening of the movable solar cell panel is increased, more light rays enter the greenhouse, when the opening of the movable solar cell panel is maximum, the light rays can not meet the requirement, and at the moment, the fluorescent lamp is started to supplement the illumination;
(3) the greenhouse is provided with the ventilating fan and the heating module, so that the interior of the greenhouse can be ventilated and the temperature can be adjusted in the using process, when the temperature is higher than a set threshold value, the ventilating fan is used for ventilating and cooling, and when the temperature in the greenhouse is lower than the set threshold value, the heating module and the ventilating fan are started to heat and raise the temperature in the greenhouse, so that the temperature in the greenhouse is ensured to be constant;
(4) the invention is provided with the atomizing nozzle, can humidify the interior of the greenhouse in the using process, when the humidity in the greenhouse is lower than a set threshold value, the electric control switch on the atomizing nozzle is turned on to humidify the interior of the greenhouse by the atomizing nozzle, and when the humidity in the greenhouse exceeds the set threshold value, the ventilating fan is started to ventilate to reduce the humidity in the greenhouse.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a right side view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the present invention with respect to the expanded configuration of the telescoping support;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the assembly structure of the telescopic bracket and the lifting connection mechanism in the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a system block diagram of the present invention;
labeled as: the greenhouse comprises a greenhouse wall 1, a door body 11, a ventilation fan 12, a fixed solar cell panel 2, a fixed support 21, a movable solar cell panel 3, a telescopic support 31, a fixed frame 311, a movable frame 312, a lower rotary seat 313, an upper rotary seat 314, a connecting rod 315, a rotating shaft 316, an electric telescopic rod 4, a push-pull slider 41, a push-pull rod 42, a push-pull chute 43, a shading net 5, an atomizing nozzle 6, a fluorescent lamp 7, a heating module 8, a control box 9, a humidity sensor 91, a temperature sensor 92 and an illumination intensity sensor 93.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further illustrated with reference to the following specific examples. These examples are intended to illustrate the invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted", "provided" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g. as a fixed connection, a detachable connection or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
The structural features of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, a photovoltaic greenhouse and a system for cultivating phellinus igniarius comprise a photovoltaic greenhouse and a system for adjusting greenhouse environment change, wherein the photovoltaic greenhouse comprises a greenhouse wall 1, the top of the greenhouse wall 1 is of a slope structure, a door body 11 is arranged on one side of the greenhouse wall 1, and a fixed solar cell panel 2 and a movable solar cell panel 3 are arranged at the top of the greenhouse wall 1 at intervals along the slope direction; the fixed solar cell panel 2 and the movable solar cell panel 3 arranged at the top of the greenhouse wall body 1 utilize solar energy to generate electricity, so that the electric energy is supplied, clean energy solar energy is utilized, the greenhouse wall body is more economic and environment-friendly, the greenhouse is prevented from being far away, and the power supply problem is solved.
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, the bottom of the fixed solar cell panel 2 is fixed on the wall 1 of the greenhouse through a fixing bracket 21. The bottom of the movable solar cell panel 3 is fixed on the wall 1 of the greenhouse through a telescopic bracket 31.
Referring to fig. 4-6, an electric telescopic rod 4 for lifting the telescopic bracket 31 is fixedly arranged on the greenhouse wall 1, the telescopic bracket 31 includes a fixed frame 311 and a movable frame 312, the fixed frame 311 is used for being fixed on the greenhouse wall 1, the movable frame 312 is used for fixing the movable solar cell panel 3, a plurality of connecting rods 315 are arranged on both sides of the movable frame 312 and the fixed frame 311 along the length direction thereof, the top ends of the connecting rods 315 are fixed on the movable frame 312 through an upper rotary seat 314, the bottom ends of the connecting rods 315 are fixed on the fixed frame 311 through a lower rotary seat 313, one of the connecting rods 315 is provided with a rotating shaft 316, the output end of the electric telescopic rod 4 is provided with a lifting connection mechanism for synchronously lifting a plurality of rotating shafts 316, the lifting connection mechanism includes a push-pull rod 42, the rotating shaft 316 is movably connected on the push-pull rod 42, a strip-pull chute 43 is arranged on, the push-pull sliding block 41 is fixed at the output end of the electric telescopic rod 4, the push-pull rod 42 is lifted through the electric telescopic rod 4, and the push-pull rod 42 synchronously lifts the plurality of movable solar panels 3.
The sealing rubber ring (not shown) is arranged on the bottom of the movable frame 312 in the circumferential direction, when the movable solar cell panel 3 is closed at the top of the greenhouse, the movable frame 312 is in contact with the top of the greenhouse, and the sealing rubber ring at the bottom of the movable frame 312 has a good sealing effect.
Referring to fig. 4-5, a shading net 5 for wrapping the telescopic bracket 31 is circumferentially arranged on the movable solar cell panel 3, elastic ropes are woven in the shading net 5, the light transmittance of the shading net 5 is increased after the shading net 5 is unfolded, and the shading net 5 is used for shading light rays circumferentially of the telescopic bracket 31 to prevent direct sunlight from entering the greenhouse.
Referring to fig. 3 and 5, the greenhouse wall 1 is provided with a plurality of ventilation fans 12 along the length direction, the ventilation fans 12 are fixedly provided with heating modules 8 at one ends located on the inner sides of the greenhouse, the heating modules 8 are resistance wire heating modules, and the heating modules 8 are used for heating in the greenhouse.
Referring to fig. 5, a plurality of atomizing nozzles 6 and fluorescent lamps 7 are arranged on the ceiling keel of the photovoltaic greenhouse along the length direction of the greenhouse, the atomizing nozzles 6 are used for humidifying the greenhouse, and the fluorescent lamps 7 are used for reinforcing illumination in the greenhouse.
Referring to fig. 5, 7, the system includes control box 9, control box 9 sets up on big-arch shelter wall body 1, be equipped with programmable PLC in control box 9, power module with PLC control connection, temperature control module, humidity control module, illumination intensity control module and ventilation module, power module's input and fixed solar cell panel 2, link to each other with movable solar cell panel 3, temperature control module's control output and heating module 8, scavenger fan 12 links to each other, humidity control module's control output links to each other with the automatically controlled switch on scavenger fan 12 and the atomizer 6, illumination intensity control module's control output and fluorescent lamp 7, electric telescopic handle 4 links to each other, ventilation module's control output links to each other with scavenger fan 12.
The system is also internally provided with a storage battery for storing the electric energy of the fixed solar cell panel 2 and the movable solar cell panel 3, the storage battery is arranged in the control box 9 and is connected with the power module, and the storage battery is used for storing redundant electric energy.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse for cultivating phellinus igniarius and the system thereof, the aim of photovoltaic power generation of the phellinus igniarius cultivating greenhouse is achieved, energy is saved, environment is protected, automatic control of the environment in the greenhouse is achieved, an uninterrupted cultivating environment for phellinus igniarius is created, and phellinus igniarius cultivating is facilitated.
When the movable solar panel is used, the movable solar panel 3 and the fluorescent lamp 7 can automatically adjust the opening degree of the movable solar panel 3 according to different sunlight intensities to adjust the sunlight intensity in the greenhouse, when the illumination intensity in the greenhouse is lower than a set threshold value, the illumination intensity control module can control the electric telescopic rod 4 to push the movable solar panel 3 to increase the opening degree, so that more light rays enter the greenhouse, and when the movable solar panel 3 is opened to the maximum, the light rays still cannot meet the requirement, at the moment, the illumination intensity control module starts the fluorescent lamp 7 to supplement the illumination, and the illumination intensity in the greenhouse can be adjusted by controlling the illumination intensity of the fluorescent lamp 7 through the illumination intensity control module; when the temperature is higher than a set threshold value, the temperature control module of the ventilating fan 12 performs ventilation and cooling under the control of the temperature control module, and when the temperature in the greenhouse is lower than the set threshold value, the temperature control module starts the heating module 8 and the ventilating fan 12 to heat and warm the interior of the greenhouse so as to ensure the temperature in the greenhouse to be constant; when the humidity in the greenhouse is lower than a set threshold value, the humidity control module starts an electric control switch on the atomizing nozzle to humidify the interior of the greenhouse by the atomizing nozzle, and when the humidity in the greenhouse exceeds the set threshold value, the humidity control module starts the ventilating fan to ventilate to reduce the humidity in the greenhouse.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes may be made in the embodiments and/or equivalents thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A photovoltaic greenhouse and a system for cultivating phellinus igniarius comprise a photovoltaic greenhouse and a system for adjusting greenhouse environment change, and are characterized in that the photovoltaic greenhouse comprises a greenhouse wall body (1), the top of the greenhouse wall body (1) is of a slope structure, a door body (11) is arranged on one side of the greenhouse wall body (1), and fixed solar cell panels (2) and movable solar cell panels (3) are arranged at the top of the greenhouse wall body (1) along the slope direction at intervals;
the bottom of the fixed solar cell panel (2) is fixed on the greenhouse wall (1) through a fixing support (21);
the bottom of the movable solar cell panel (3) is fixed on the wall body (1) of the greenhouse through a telescopic bracket (31);
an electric telescopic rod (4) for lifting the telescopic bracket (31) is fixedly arranged on the greenhouse wall body (1);
the greenhouse wall (1) is provided with a plurality of ventilation fans (12) along the length direction, and one end of each ventilation fan (12) positioned on the inner side of the greenhouse is fixedly provided with a heating module (8);
a plurality of atomizing nozzles (6) and fluorescent lamps (7) are arranged on a shed roof keel of the photovoltaic greenhouse along the length direction of the greenhouse;
the system comprises a control box (9), the control box (9) is arranged on the wall body (1) of the greenhouse, a programmable PLC is arranged in the control box (9), a power supply module, a temperature control module, a humidity control module, an illumination intensity control module and a ventilation module which are connected with the PLC control, the input end of the power supply module is connected with the fixed solar cell panel (2) and the movable solar cell panel (3), the control output end of the temperature control module is connected with the heating module (8) and the ventilation fan (12), the control output end of the humidity control module is connected with an electric control switch on the ventilation fan (12) and the atomizing spray head (6), the control output end of the illumination intensity control module is connected with the fluorescent lamp (7) and the electric telescopic rod (4), and the control output end of the ventilation module is connected with the ventilation fan (12).
2. The photovoltaic greenhouse and the system thereof for Phellinus igniarius cultivation as claimed in claim 1, wherein the movable solar cell panel (3) is provided with a shading net (5) for wrapping the telescopic bracket (31) on the circumference.
3. The photovoltaic greenhouse and the system thereof for Phellinus igniarius cultivation as claimed in claim 1, wherein elastic ropes are woven in the shading net (5), and the light transmittance of the shading net (5) is increased after the shading net is unfolded.
4. The photovoltaic greenhouse as claimed in claim 2 and the system thereof, characterized in that the telescopic bracket (31) comprises a fixed frame (311) and a movable frame (312), the fixed frame (311) is used for being fixed on the wall body (1) of the greenhouse, the movable frame (312) is used for fixing the movable solar cell panel (3), a plurality of connecting rods (315) are arranged at the two sides of the movable frame (312) and the fixed frame (311) along the length direction, the top end of the connecting rod (315) is fixed on the movable frame (312) through an upper swivel mount (314), the bottom end of the connecting rod (315) is fixed on the fixed frame (311) through a lower swivel mount (313), one of the connecting rods (315) is provided with a rotating shaft (316), and the output end of the electric telescopic rod (4) is provided with a lifting connecting mechanism for synchronously lifting the plurality of rotating shafts (316).
5. The photovoltaic greenhouse and the system thereof for Phellinus igniarius cultivation as claimed in claim 3, wherein the lifting connection mechanism comprises a push-pull rod (42), the rotating shaft (316) is movably connected to the push-pull rod (42), an elongated push-pull sliding groove (43) is formed in the push-pull rod (42) in a penetrating manner, a push-pull sliding block (41) is connected in the push-pull sliding groove (43) in a sliding manner, and the push-pull sliding block (41) is fixed at the output end of the electric telescopic rod (4).
6. The photovoltaic greenhouse and the system thereof for Phellinus igniarius cultivation as claimed in claim 4, wherein the bottom of the movable frame (312) is provided with a sealing rubber ring circumferentially.
7. The photovoltaic greenhouse and the system thereof for Phellinus igniarius cultivation as claimed in claim 3, wherein the heating module (8) is a resistance wire heating module.
8. The photovoltaic greenhouse and the system thereof for Phellinus igniarius cultivation as claimed in claim 1, wherein the system is further provided with a storage battery for storing electric energy of the fixed solar cell panel (2) and the movable solar cell panel (3), the storage battery is arranged in the control box (9) and connected with the power module.
CN202011212097.4A 2020-11-03 2020-11-03 Photovoltaic greenhouse for cultivating phellinus igniarius and system thereof Pending CN112314341A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113446559A (en) * 2021-06-24 2021-09-28 江苏万家耀电气集团有限公司 Intelligent telescopic solar LED street lamp

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