CN108307878A - Agricultural greenhouse and greenhouse gardening method - Google Patents

Agricultural greenhouse and greenhouse gardening method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108307878A
CN108307878A CN201810027363.2A CN201810027363A CN108307878A CN 108307878 A CN108307878 A CN 108307878A CN 201810027363 A CN201810027363 A CN 201810027363A CN 108307878 A CN108307878 A CN 108307878A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
water
feed pipe
connect
agricultural
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Granted
Application number
CN201810027363.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108307878B (en
Inventor
李胜多
胡彩旗
纪晶
李建敏
孙元新
刘刚
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201710030584 priority Critical
Priority to CN2017100305840 priority
Application filed by Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical Qingdao Agricultural University
Publication of CN108307878A publication Critical patent/CN108307878A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108307878B publication Critical patent/CN108307878B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • A01G25/023Dispensing fittings for drip irrigation, e.g. drippers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1476Greenhouse gutters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • A01G9/227Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like rolled up during non-use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • A01M7/0042Field sprayers, e.g. self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0089Regulating or controlling systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/18Self-organising networks, e.g. ad-hoc networks or sensor networks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G2025/006Tubular drip irrigation dispensers mounted coaxially within water feeding tubes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of agricultural greenhouse and greenhouse gardening methods.Agricultural greenhouse, including greenhouse, accumulator and controller, polylith hollow plate glass is provided at the top of greenhouse, polylith vacuum glass plate array arranges and form the transparent surface of greenhouse, it is provided with photovoltaic generation film on partial vacuum glass plate, is staggered per two pieces of adjacent photovoltaic generation films;Greenhouse is internally provided with the feed pipe of the subsurface of burial, and multiple apopores are offered on feed pipe, and the bottom of hollow plate glass is provided with catch basin, the bottom of greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank, catch basin is connect with water tank, and water tank is connect by water supply pump with feed pipe, and water pump is connect with controller;The side wall of greenhouse is provided with vacuum heat-insulation plate, and greenhouse is provided with coaming, and the top edge of every piece of hollow plate glass is provided with spray tube, and spray tube is connect by cleaning pump with water tank.Realizing reduces the labor intensity of peasant household, improves the quality of agricultural product, achievees the purpose that environmentally protective plantation.

Description

Agricultural greenhouse and greenhouse gardening method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Polyhouse technology field more particularly to a kind of agricultural greenhouse and greenhouse gardening methods.
Background technology
Currently, agricultural greenhouse planting technology is widely promoted, agricultural greenhouse coordinates photovoltaic power generation technology to become green at present Colour circle protects the trend of agricultural development.Photovoltaic green-house is generally made of heat preservation greenhouse and photovoltaic power generation plate, and photovoltaic power generation plate is usually adopted The top of heat preservation greenhouse is mounted on holder, heat preservation greenhouse is used for Planting Crops, and photovoltaic power generation plate is used to utilize greenhouse Floor space carries out photovoltaic generation.But influenced by current air pollution, haze weather increases, and photovoltaic power generation plate is easy Its generating efficiency is influenced because surface dirt is excessive;And greenhouse top generally use covers hyaline membrane, it is transparent after long-time use Film leads to the reduction of its translucency because being exposed to the sun for a long time, also, is also easy to be covered in by dust on hyaline membrane to influence farming in greenhouse The fast-growth of object, meanwhile, in evening in winter, in order to keep the temperature, peasant household also needs to carry out drawing heat holding curtain, the labor intensity of peasant household It is larger.How designing a kind of environmentally protective, good heat insulating and reducing the Polyhouse technology of peasant household's labor intensity is that the present invention is wanted The technical issues of solution.
Invention content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:A kind of agricultural greenhouse and greenhouse gardening method are provided, realize that agricultural is big The automatic management of canopy, and reduce the labor intensity of peasant household.
Technical solution provided by the invention is:A kind of agricultural greenhouse, including build greenhouse, accumulator and control on the ground The top outer of device processed, the greenhouse is provided with polylith hollow plate glass, and vacuum glass plate array arranges and form described in polylith The transparent surface of the greenhouse is provided with photovoltaic generation film on the hollow plate glass of part, per two pieces of adjacent photovoltaics Power generation film is staggered;The greenhouse is internally provided with the feed pipe of the subsurface of burial, is offered on the feed pipe more The bottom of a apopore, the hollow plate glass is provided with catch basin, and the bottom of the greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank, described to catchment Slot is connect with the water tank, and the water tank is connect by water supply pump with the feed pipe, and the water pump is connect with the controller; The side wall of the greenhouse is provided with vacuum heat-insulation plate, and the lower edges of the greenhouse are provided with coaming, the coaming Lower end be embedded in below ground, the coaming is located at the top of the feed pipe, every piece of hollow plate glass it is upper Edge is provided with spray tube, and the spray tube is connect by cleaning pump with the water tank.
Further, further include supersonic atomizer, the supersonic atomizer includes water pot, ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory With more delivery pipes, the delivery pipe is arranged the inside top in the greenhouse and connects the water pot, opened in the delivery pipe Equipped with multiple openings, the ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory is arranged in the water pot, the ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory also with the controller Connection.
Further, switchable dosing mouth and water supplement port are provided on the water pot.
Further, the automatic water supply system includes feed pipe, water pump and water tank, the water tank by the water pump with The feed pipe connection, the water pump are connect with the controller;The feed pipe is buried under the greenhouse internal ground, institute It states and offers multiple apopores on feed pipe, the lower edges of the greenhouse are provided with coaming, under the coaming End is embedded in below ground, and the coaming is located at the top of the feed pipe;The soil humidity sensor includes upper wet Degree sensor and lower humidity sensor, the upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor are embedded in subsurface, the confession The upper and lower part of water pipe is correspondingly arranged on the upper humidity sensor and the lower humidity sensor.
Further, the feed pipe includes flexible bar type band;In the width direction, the middle part of the flexible bar type band is to supply The both sides in pool, the flexible bar type band are respectively turbulent region, wherein it is recessed to be provided with a plurality of corrugated in a turbulent region Slot offers the apopore in the ripple groove;The flexible bar type band doubling in the width direction, the contributing region shape At water channel, two turbulent regions press together to form outlet part, the ripple groove shape in the outlet part At turbulent flow passageway, the inlet and outlet of the turbulent flow passageway is respectively communicated with the water channel.
Further, it is capped with elastic piece on each apopore, the one end of the elastic piece is fixed on the confession On water pipe, the other end of the elastic piece is bonded in by the hydrosol on the feed pipe.
Further, the agricultural greenhouse further includes air pump, the feed pipe by mixing valve respectively with the air pump and The water pump connection, the air pump and the mixing valve are connect with the controller respectively.
Further, the greenhouse is internally provided with the temperature sensor being connect with the controller, the greenhouse setting There is switchable ventilation opening.
The present invention also provides a kind of greenhouse gardening methods, using above-mentioned agricultural greenhouse;The method includes:Greenhouse is built Coaming is set on ground and around greenhouse, and digging groove buries feed pipe and plants crops, also, farming inside greenhouse The Root Distribution of object is around feed pipe, wherein so that the soil in greenhouse is located at earth's surface under the action of coaming Upper soil layer is in dry exsiccosis;In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting value, Water in water tank is input in feed pipe by control water pump, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting value, then it needs Stop water pump water supply.
Further, when the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting value, gas is first passed through into feed pipe Processing of loosening the soil is carried out, then, is being supplied water to feed pipe by water pump.
Compared with prior art, the advantages and positive effects of the present invention are:Agricultural greenhouse and greenhouse kind provided by the invention Plant method, by the way that baffle assembly is arranged in the surrounding of steel structure frame, the vacuum heat-insulation plate in baffle assembly can be carried effectively The heat-insulating property of high greenhouse side wall, meanwhile, the filling-foam material in baffle assembly, one side expanded material formed foaming layer into Interior coaming plate, peripheral board and vacuum heat-insulation plate are connected reliable connection by the raising insulating power of one step, another aspect expanded material Together, the overall construction intensity of greenhouse is improved;And the transparent surface of greenhouse is formed using hollow plate glass, hollow plate glass tool There is good heat preservation and insulation, coordinate the insulation effect of greenhouse baffle assembly, can realize and be not necessarily at night to plastic house Cord is kept the temperature, the labor intensity of peasant household is effectively reduced, obtains product best in quality.And whole precipitation are collected by greenhouse It is stored in water tank, and feed pipe is embedded in below ground, the water in water tank is transported to by water pump in feed pipe, according in greenhouse The crop root system growth depth planted, the rational burying depth for designing feed pipe, the apopore of feed pipe can be direct It supplies water to the root system of crops, it is effective to reduce the case where earth's surface water supply causes moisture largely to evaporate, greatly reduce Water consumption;Simultaneously as the water of feed pipe output is in the lower section of earth's surface so that the soil layer of earth's surface certain depth keeps arid to lack The state of water no longer needs to beat weed eradication so that weeds can not germinate and grow in the soil of Near Ground to realize Agent does not need artificial, animal power or weeding by machine yet, at the same time, since the ground in greenhouse keeps the state of arid so that Humidity in greenhouse reduces, and in dry environment, bacterium insects are difficult the growth and breeding on crops, pre- so as to reach The effect of preventing disease and pest, realizes the pesticide dosage for reducing agricultural greenhouse, achievees the purpose that environmentally protective plantation.
Description of the drawings
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is this hair Some bright embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without having to pay creative labor, can be with Obtain other attached drawings according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart one of agricultural greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure principle chart two of agricultural greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of hollow plate glass in agricultural greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view one of feed pipe in agricultural greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the partial structural diagram of feed pipe in agricultural greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the partial sectional view two of feed pipe in agricultural greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the partial sectional view three of feed pipe in agricultural greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the partial structural diagram of flexible bar type band in agricultural greenhouse of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained without creative efforts, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As Figure 1-Figure 8, the present embodiment agricultural greenhouse, including greenhouse 1, accumulator(It is not shown)And controller(Do not scheme Show), the top of the greenhouse 1 is provided with polylith hollow plate glass 12, and hollow plate glass 12 forms the greenhouse 1 described in polylith Transparent surface is provided with photovoltaic generation film 10 on the part hollow plate glass 12, thin per two pieces of adjacent photovoltaic generations Film 10 is staggered;Greenhouse 1 is internally provided with the feed pipe 2 for being buried in subsurface, and multiple water outlets are offered on the feed pipe 2 Hole 20;The bottom of the hollow plate glass 12 is provided with catch basin 13, and the bottom of the greenhouse 1 is additionally provided with water tank 3, the collection Sink 13 is connect with the water tank 2, and the water tank 3 passes through water supply pump(It is not shown)Connect with the feed pipe 2, the water pump with The controller connection;The side wall of the greenhouse 1 is provided with vacuum heat-insulation plate(It is not shown), the lower edges setting of the greenhouse There are coaming 4, the lower end of the coaming 4 to be embedded in below ground, the coaming 4 is located at the feed pipe 2 The top edge of top, every piece of hollow plate glass 12 is provided with spray tube 121, and the spray tube 121 passes through cleaning pump(Do not scheme Show)It is connect with the water tank 3.
Specifically, photovoltaic generation film 10 is arranged on the transparent surface of greenhouse 1 the present embodiment agricultural greenhouse, photovoltaic hair Conductive film 10 is arranged by the way of being staggered, and since the direction of illumination of the sun on daytime constantly changes, is staggered Photovoltaic generation film 10 may insure that the crops in different location region in greenhouse 1 can obtain enough illumination, it is preferred that Photovoltaic generation film 10 uses non-crystal thin film solar cell, non-crystal thin film solar cell to have light transmission effect, can be with External feux rouges and blue light are transmitted to inside greenhouse 1, the required illumination of plant growth is met, and since photovoltaic generation is thin Film 10 is directly arranged at the transparent surface of greenhouse 1, can effectively increase the area of photovoltaic generation film 10, improves generated energy.Light For the power storage that volt power generation film 10 generates in accumulator, controller controls associated appliance component powered operation.Wherein, greenhouse 1 side wall is kept the temperature using vacuum heat-insulation plate, and vacuum heat-insulation plate has good heat-insulating property, and the top of greenhouse 1 uses Hollow plate glass 12, hollow plate glass 12 may insure that 1 top of greenhouse has good heat-insulating property, to realize in winter Night covers heat holding curtain, in addition, being spliced to form the light transmission of greenhouse 1 using polylith hollow plate glass 12 without user on greenhouse 1 Face, the service life is longer for hollow plate glass 12, can avoid needing to be replaced frequently using transparent membrane and the trouble brought.And The feed pipe of burial below ground 2 in greenhouse 1, and be additionally provided with catch basin 13 on the transparent surface of greenhouse 1 and collect rainwater storage In water tank 3, when needing to irrigate, controller controls water pump and is powered, and the water in water tank 3 is transported in feed pipe 2 by water pump, supplies Hydraulic pressure in water pipe 2 increases so that the apopore 20 of water is discharged in feed pipe 2, is directly carried out to the crop root system in soil It irrigates, finds in actual use, the depth location due to feed pipe 2 in 100 root system 101 of below ground crops supplies Water, the water exported from feed pipe 2 flows downward under the effect of gravity, and the root system 101 of crops 100 has hydrotropism, deep soil Washiness in earth can attract the root system 101 of crops 100 can be deeper to striking root into the ground so that crops 100 can be with more Vigorous state growth obtains agricultural product best in quality, while the water for also avoiding the output of feed pipe 2 is largely evaporated, and is dropped Low water consumption.And for the earth's surface inside greenhouse 1, due to the supply of not no moisture content, the soil layer of earth's surface is chronically at dry State so that being grown in the weeds of earth's surface can not survive, and reduce the labor intensity of peasant household's weeding.And in order to improve vacuum glass The top edge of the translucency of plate 12, every piece of hollow plate glass 12 is provided with spray tube 121, and the spray tube 121 is by clear Wash pump(It is not shown)It is connect with the water tank 3, in actual use, hollow plate glass 12 can cause because of factors such as dusts Photosensitiveness declines, at this point, the nozzle that high pressure water is injected to spray tube 121 in spray tube 121 by cleaning pump will be to hollow plate glass 12 surface is cleaned, and the water to circulate from hollow plate glass 12 flow back into catch basin 13, is flowed again by catch basin 13 Enter into water tank 3 and reuse, the import of catch basin 13 or water tank 3 as needed is provided with filter screen, and water is entered with filtering Impurity in case 3.Preferably, the present embodiment photovoltaic Ecological Greenhouse system further includes air pump(It is not shown), the feed pipe 2 passes through Mixing valve is connect with the air pump and the water pump respectively, and the air pump and the mixing valve are connect with the controller respectively, Specifically, in actual use, in order to enable the oxygen content at 101 position of root system of crops 100 improves, passing through mixing Valve can make water pump and air pump be connect simultaneously with feed pipe 2, while feed pipe 2 supplies water, can generate air pump suitable It measures in air delivery to the soil of lower layer, the root system 101 to be more advantageous to crops 100 is vegetated;It is of course also possible to root According to needing first to ventilate, in conveying water, it is not limited herein.
In addition, the present embodiment agricultural greenhouse, further includes supersonic atomizer 6, the supersonic atomizer 6 includes water Tank 61, ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory(It is not shown)With more delivery pipes 62, the inside top in the greenhouse 1 is arranged in the delivery pipe 62 And the water pot 61 is connected, multiple openings are offered in the delivery pipe 62, the ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory is arranged in the water pot In 61, the ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory is also connect with the controller, specifically, under specific circumstances, can pass through ultrasonic fog Makeup, which is set, to be humidified inside 6 pairs of greenhouses 1, is sprayed and cooling processing, and the water in water pot 61 is under the action of ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory The inside that formation atomization gas is discharged into greenhouse 1 from the opening of delivery pipe 62 can in greenhouse 1 when the temperature is excessively high pass through Release water mist cools down to the temperature in greenhouse 1 and is adjusted humidity, likewise, pesticide can be added in water pot 61, profit With the sprinkling for carrying out pesticide to the steam of atomization, to the function of realizing that temperature automatically controlled, control is wet and spray, also, ultrasound is utilized Drug is sent into the form of molecule in environment and realizes that drug is immunized by wave atomizer, and the mode of this spraying immune can improve medicine The utilization rate of object keeps immune effect more preferable.
The transparent surface of greenhouse is formed using hollow plate glass, and hollow plate glass has good heat preservation and insulation, cooperation The insulation effect of greenhouse baffle assembly can be realized and be not necessarily to keep the temperature cord to plastic house at night, effectively reduce peasant household Labor intensity, obtain product best in quality.And whole precipitation are collected by greenhouse and are stored in water tank, and feed pipe is embedded in Below ground, the water in water tank are transported to by water pump in feed pipe, are grown according to the crop root system planted in greenhouse deep Degree, the rational burying depth for designing feed pipe, the apopore of feed pipe can directly supply water to the root system of crops, have The case where reduction earth's surface water supply of effect causes moisture largely to evaporate, greatly reduce water consumption;Simultaneously as feed pipe is defeated The water gone out is in the lower section of earth's surface so that the soil layer of earth's surface certain depth keeps the state of drought and water shortage, so that weeds can not It germinates and grows in the soil of Near Ground, no longer need to spray herbicide to realize, it also need not artificial, animal power or machine Tool weeding, at the same time, since the ground in greenhouse keeps the state of arid so that the humidity in greenhouse reduces, and dry In environment, bacterium insects are difficult the growth and breeding on crops, the effect of so as to reach pre- preventing disease and pest, realize and reduce agriculture The pesticide dosage of sparetime university's canopy achievees the purpose that environmentally protective plantation.
Since feed pipe 2 is due to being embedded in soil, blocked by silt in order to avoid the apopore 20 of feed pipe 2, apopore 20 It is correspondingly improved and is blocked by silt to avoid apopore 20, concrete structure scheme is as follows:
As shown in figure 4, each apopore 20 is capped with elastic piece 21, the one end of the elastic piece 21 is fixed on the feed pipe On 2, the other end of the elastic piece 21 is bonded in by the hydrosol on the feed pipe 2.Specifically, being buried in feed pipe 2 Cheng Zhong can be entered in apopore 20 and shadow since elastic piece 21 is bonded in by the hydrosol on the feed pipe 2 to avoid silt Normal irrigation after ringing;And when first used, in feed pipe 2 after water flowing, water can will be between elastic piece 21 and feed pipe 2 The hydrosol dissolves, so that the other end of elastic piece 21 is opened under the action of hydraulic pressure, to realize in feed pipe 2 Water be discharged from apopore 20, and after cutting off the water, elastic piece 21 can automatically reset under own resilient effect and cover in water outlet Hole 20.
Likewise, in order to further improve anti-clogging, as shown in Figure 5-Figure 8, feed pipe 2 includes flexible bar type band 200;In the width direction, the middle part of the flexible bar type band 200 is contributing region 201, the two side portions of the flexible bar type band 200 Not Wei turbulent region 202, wherein being provided with a plurality of ripple groove 203, the ripple groove 203 in a turbulent region 202 In offer apopore 20;200 doubling in the width direction of the flexible bar type band, the contributing region 201 form water channel 21, Two turbulent regions 202 press together to form outlet part 22, the formation of the ripple groove 203 in the outlet part 22 The inlet and outlet of turbulent flow passageway 23, the turbulent flow passageway 23 is respectively communicated with the water channel 21.Specifically, using flexible strip Shape band 200 carries out doubling and presses to form water channel 21, and flow enters in water channel 21, the flow stream in water channel 21 Enter into turbulent flow passageway 23 and exported from apopore 20, turbulent flow passageway 23 is made of ripple groove 203, and flow is via ripple Shape groove 203 is oriented to flowing and forms turbulence flow flied, in addition, since ripple groove 203 is whole without detour, dead angle place, thus Turbulent flow passageway 23 can effectively be reduced to be blocked by silt, anti-clogging greatly promotes, and since ripple groove 203 is formed in The surface of flexible bar type band 200, even if occur silt block turbulent flow passageway 23, can also use by increase hydraulic pressure by the way of, So that the size expansion of turbulent flow passageway 23 becomes larger, finally silt is discharged from turbulent flow passageway 23;Importantly, turbulent flow passageway 23 water inlet and apopore constitutes the reflux water route being connected to water channel 21, and stifled particle will be caused to drain into water channel 21 It is interior, it prevents from blocking.The import of the turbulent flow passageway 23 tilts the influent side towards the water channel 21, the turbulent flow passageway 23 Outlet-inclined impeller vane towards the water channel 21 water outlet side.Specifically, the import of turbulent flow passageway 23 is bell-mouth structure of air, it is open Bell shape largely smoothly flow therein turbulent flow passageway 23 convenient for fluids within pipes, and the long side of the import of turbulent flow passageway 23 and Short side is distributed to form two angles of α and β respectively with water (flow) direction, and the angular regions that α and β are constituted the big more can guarantee big flow It flows into without flowing out(With reference to following angular range);Angle β makes an appointment greater than, equal to 90 ° closer to 90 ° of effects, ensures water Stream flows into the maximum slotted density of corrugated channel and flow does not flow back), angle α be acute angle, acute angle is the smaller the better, ensure water stream Enter amount maximization;The outer side edges of the outlet of turbulent flow passageway 23 and the angle of water (flow) direction are obtuse angle θ, ensure the water of turbulent flow passageway 23 Stream passes through in outlet return to water channel 21.Preferably, it is provided with cantilever type elastic catch in apopore 20(It is unmarked), go out Water hole 20 is discharged direction aperture along it and gradually increases, and apopore 20 is the horn mouth opened outwardly along water outlet direction, in this way can be with Facilitate water droplet to ooze, and reduce extraneous silt and enter in turbulent flow passageway 23, cantilever type elastic catch is with flexible bar type band 200 Overall structure, outstanding be embedded in apopore 20 of clout that cantilever type elastic catch is formed in 20 Tapping procedures of apopore are formed, when Hydraulic pressure increases in turbulent flow passageway 23, and cantilever type elastic catch is opened, beginning trickle irrigation, at the end of trickle irrigation, water source cut-out, and cantilevered bullet Property catch be closed, effectively prevent foreign object block apopore 20.Further, for the ease of accurate doubling flexible bar type band 200 are processed, wherein a turbulent region 202 is provided with positioning convex strip 204, another turbulent region 103 is provided with positioning Groove 205, the positioning convex strip 204 are stuck in the corresponding positioning groove 205.
The present invention also provides a kind of greenhouse gardening methods, using above-mentioned agricultural greenhouse;The method is specially:The method Including:Greenhouse is built, and coaming is arranged on the ground and around greenhouse, and digging groove is buried feed pipe and simultaneously planted inside greenhouse Crops, also, the Root Distribution of crops is around feed pipe, wherein under the action of coaming so that in greenhouse Soil be located at the upper soil layer of earth's surface and be in dry exsiccosis.Specifically, greenhouse is in process of construction, just in the bottom of greenhouse Coaming is formed, after greenhouse is built well, just digging groove is laid with feed pipe humidity sensor and plantation farming inside greenhouse Object.In water supply process, if the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection is less than setting value, water pump is controlled by the water in water tank It is input in feed pipe, and when the humidity value of upper humidity sensor is higher than setting value, then it needs to stop water pump water supply.Specifically , it after having planted crops in greenhouse, can carry out conventional for hydroponics, and specific water supply can be according to difference The requirement of type crops adjusts the trigger value of humidity sensor, more accurately supplies water to crops so as to realize.It is excellent An important factor for selecting, keeping the good gas permeability in soil to be riotous growth for crops, therefore, in the process of water supply In, when the humidity value of humidity sensor detection instantly is less than setting value, the soil around crop root system is in relatively dry State, at this point it is possible to be first passed through gas into feed pipe and carry out processing of loosening the soil, then, then by water pump to feed pipe water supply, to The soil aeration of underground reduces soil hardening, is conducive to water conservation, fertilizer conservation, ventilation and promotes root system development, is provided for crops easypro The effect being unable to reach in conventional agriculture plantation may be implemented in suitable growing environment, and due to the well developed root system of crops, this makes The fruit for obtaining the growth of crops is more excellent.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of agricultural greenhouse, including build greenhouse, accumulator and controller on the ground, which is characterized in that the greenhouse Top outer be provided with polylith hollow plate glass, vacuum glass plate array described in polylith arranges and form the light transmission of the greenhouse Face is provided with photovoltaic generation film on the hollow plate glass of part, is staggeredly set per two pieces of adjacent photovoltaic generation films It sets;The greenhouse is internally provided with the feed pipe of the subsurface of burial, and multiple apopores are offered on the feed pipe, described true The bottom of empty glass plate is provided with catch basin, and the bottom of the greenhouse is additionally provided with water tank, and the catch basin connects with the water tank It connects, the water tank is connect by water supply pump with the feed pipe, and the water pump is connect with the controller;The side wall of the greenhouse It is provided with vacuum heat-insulation plate, the lower edges of the greenhouse are provided with coaming, and the lower end of the coaming is embedded in ground Hereinafter, the coaming is located at the top of the feed pipe, the top edge of every piece of hollow plate glass is provided with spray in face Pipe, the spray tube are connect by cleaning pump with the water tank.
2. agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include supersonic atomizer, the ultrasonic wave Atomising device includes water pot, ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory and Duo Gen delivery pipes, and the inside top in the greenhouse is arranged in the delivery pipe And the water pot is connected, multiple openings are offered in the delivery pipe, the ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory is arranged in the water pot, institute Ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory is stated also to connect with the controller.
3. agricultural greenhouse according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be provided on the water pot switchable dosing mouth and Water supplement port.
4. agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the automatic water supply system includes feed pipe, water pump And water tank, the water tank are connect by the water pump with the feed pipe, the water pump is connect with the controller;The water supply Pipe is buried under the greenhouse internal ground, and multiple apopores are offered on the feed pipe, and the lower edges of the greenhouse are set It is equipped with coaming, the lower end of the coaming is embedded in below ground, and the coaming is located at the upper of the feed pipe Side;The soil humidity sensor includes upper humidity sensor and lower humidity sensor, the upper humidity sensor and it is described under Humidity sensor is embedded in subsurface, and the upper and lower part of the feed pipe is correspondingly arranged on the upper humidity sensor and described Lower humidity sensor.
5. agricultural greenhouse according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the feed pipe includes flexible bar type band;Along width The middle part in direction, the flexible bar type band is contributing region, and the both sides of the flexible bar type band are respectively turbulent region, wherein an institute It states and is provided with a plurality of ripple groove in turbulent region, the apopore is offered in the ripple groove;The flexible bar type Band doubling in the width direction, the contributing region form water channel, and two turbulent regions press together to form outlet part, institute The ripple groove stated in outlet part forms turbulent flow passageway, and the inlet and outlet of the turbulent flow passageway is respectively communicated with the confession Aquaporin.
6. agricultural greenhouse according to claim 4, which is characterized in that be capped with elastic piece on each apopore, institute The one end for stating elastic piece is fixed on the feed pipe, and the other end of the elastic piece is bonded in the water supply by the hydrosol Guan Shang.
7. agricultural greenhouse according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the agricultural greenhouse further includes air pump, the water supply Pipe is connect with the air pump and the water pump respectively by mixing valve, the air pump and the mixing valve respectively with the controller Connection.
8. agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the greenhouse is internally provided with to be connected with the controller The temperature sensor connect, the greenhouse are provided with switchable ventilation opening.
9. a kind of greenhouse gardening method, which is characterized in that using the agricultural greenhouse as described in claim 1-8 is any;The side Method includes:Greenhouse is built, and coaming is arranged on the ground and around greenhouse, and digging groove is buried feed pipe and simultaneously planted inside greenhouse Kind crops, also, the Root Distribution of crops is around feed pipe, wherein so that greenhouse under the action of coaming The upper soil layer that interior soil is located at earth's surface is in dry exsiccosis;In water supply process, if the detection of lower humidity sensor Humidity value is less than setting value, then controls water pump and the water in water tank is input in feed pipe, and when the humidity of upper humidity sensor When value is higher than setting value, then need to stop water pump water supply.
10. greenhouse gardening method according to claim 9, which is characterized in that in the humidity value of lower humidity sensor detection When less than setting value, first gas is passed through into feed pipe carries out processing of loosening the soil, and then, is being supplied water to feed pipe by water pump.
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