CN104652598B - ecological building and working method thereof - Google Patents

ecological building and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104652598B
CN104652598B CN201510072185.1A CN201510072185A CN104652598B CN 104652598 B CN104652598 B CN 104652598B CN 201510072185 A CN201510072185 A CN 201510072185A CN 104652598 B CN104652598 B CN 104652598B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
cavity
energy storage
storage chamber
drain pipe
Prior art date
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CN201510072185.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104652598A (en
Inventor
裴英
史自锋
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北京星河园林景观工程有限公司
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Priority to CN201210237338.XA priority Critical patent/CN102720267B/en
Priority to CN201510072185.1A priority patent/CN104652598B/en
Publication of CN104652598A publication Critical patent/CN104652598A/en
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Publication of CN104652598B publication Critical patent/CN104652598B/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/34Extraordinary structures, e.g. with suspended or cantilever parts supported by masts or tower-like structures enclosing elevators or stairs; Features relating to the elastic stability

Abstract

The invention relates to an ecological building and a working method thereof. The ecological building comprises an ecological building cavity arranged on the top part of the building, the side face of the building, or the ground, wherein the cavity comprises a planting cavity and an energy storing cavity separated by water penetration materials; water penetration materials for penetrating water into soil in the planting cavity are paved in the energy storing cavity; the energy storing cavity is connected with the tail end of a rainwater and/or remained water collection device and/or a sanitary wastewater drainage pipe; a locating water drainage pipe for draining water downwards is arranged in the energy storing cavity; the inlet of the locating water drainage pipe is lower than the water level in the energy storing cavity, i.e. the height of the water penetration materials, so that excess soil moisture caused by the reason that the planting cavity is directly soaked in water is avoided, and the plant root rot is further avoided. The locating water drainage pipe is suitable for enabling a certain water level to exist in the energy storing cavity, so that the phenomenon that the plants are dried out and died due to water loss in the energy storing cavity can be avoided.

Description

Ecotecture and its method of work
The application is division mandate, the invention and created name of original application: ecotecture and its method of work, application number: 201210237338.x, the applying date: 2012-07-11.
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of ecotecture, especially a kind of building (as high residential building, commercial office building, Overhead or viaduct etc.) and arid area plant trees, and the ecology that easy maintenance, cost are relatively low, trees surviving rate is higher Building and its method of work.
Background technology
In the diminishing modern metropolitan cities of city's green areas, how in building (as high residential building or commercial office building etc.) On plant trees, with the green coverage that economizes the land resource, expands, purify air quality, beautifying city landscape, reduce carbon emission, Reduce heat effect, abatement city noise, build Easy Living Envi-ronment, be the trend of urban development.Existing architectural, often adopt Flowerpot, vat or directly on floor structure layer, carry out roof greening plantation, but be all that it has cultivated area based on shrub Less than normal, difficult in maintenance, the problems such as irrigation quantity is difficult to accurate assurance, lead to that trees surviving rate is relatively low, maintenance cost is too high it is impossible to real Now preferable ecotecture and be difficult to carry out effectively, in batches establishing in large scale, popularization.How a kind of easy maintenance, maintenance are provided The ecotecture that cost is relatively low and trees surviving rate is higher, is the technical barrier of this area.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved be provide that a kind of structure is simple, easy construction, maintenance cost are relatively low, trees Survival rate is higher and be easy to promote on a large scale, the ecotecture applied and its method of work.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of ecotecture, it is included located at building top or building Ecotecture cavity on side or ground, this cavity includes: by seepage material by the plantation being separated up and down chamber (soil Layer) and energy storage chamber (energy reserve);
Described seepage material can for infiltration porous brick or all can watering free flow seepage material, and have enough Intensity with support top plantation chamber pressure;Accumulation of energy intracavity is equipped with for oozing to the soil infiltration in described plantation chamber Water material;Described energy storage chamber is connected with a rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device, and/or, the end phase with sanitary wastewater drain pipe Even;It is provided with a positioning drain pipe being used for downward draining, the entrance of this positioning is less than in described energy storage chamber in described energy storage chamber Water level is the height of seepage material, to avoid leading to soil's being over wet because plantation chamber is directly soaked in water, and then avoids plant Rotten.On the other hand, positioning drain pipe is suitable to make there is certain water level in described energy storage chamber, can avoid because energy storage chamber is because of dehydration And lead to plant to thirst.
As the scheme optimizing, described energy storage chamber includes a basement ditch, the water source of described rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device And/or the water outlet of sanitary wastewater drain pipe is suitable to be directly entered this basement ditch and to the circulation of accumulation of energy intracavity;Described positioning drain pipe Entrance (water beyond positioning drain inlet is expelled directly out by this entrance) in this basement ditch.
As a kind of embodiment, this building is tier building or single story building, and described cavity has multiple, and divides up and down Cloth, the described positioning drain pipe of top cavity is connected with the basement ditch in the cavity of adjacent lower section.
Basement in embodiment as optimizing, the effluent pipe mouth in the cavity of upper strata and lower floor's sanitary wastewater pipe and cavity Ditch is connected.
As optimize scheme, described seepage material can for infiltration porous brick or all can watering free flow infiltration Material;Located at the side in described plantation chamber or centre, basement ditch is one or more to described basement ditch, and basement ditch and plantation chamber are using blocking soil Infiltration porous brick separates.
As the scheme optimizing further, described basement ditch is connected with a full-automatic water-supplying blood circulation, with water such as dry seasons Make-up water source when position is not enough.
Described cavity is made up of with parapet the balcony structure layer with body of wall one.
As the scheme optimizing, described balcony structure layer (cavity containing plantation) is less than the height of the floor of same layer.
The method of work of above-mentioned ecotecture, comprising:
Step 1: the water in described rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device and/or the water in sanitary wastewater drain pipe are entered Described energy storage chamber;
Step 2: the water of accumulation of energy intracavity successively through described seepage material, block native net to the soil permeability in described plantation chamber, Conveying moisture content;
Step 3: the water that the positioning drain pipe in described energy storage chamber will be above spacing tube inlet is discharged.
As the scheme optimizing, described building is tier building;Described cavity has multiple, and is distributed up and down by layer;Described The energy storage chamber that the water that step 3 is discharged will be sent into by rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device drain pipe in lower floor's cavity;The bottom The water that the located drain pipe of energy storage chamber is discharged enters the total pond of underground storage, to recycle.
The present invention has positive effect: the ecotecture of (1) present invention, will using the seepage material with water seepage function The water of accumulation of energy intracavity passes through seepage material automatic transport (infiltration) to the soil in described plantation chamber, provides water needed for soil at any time Part simultaneously guarantee certain humidity, it is to avoid rotten of plant or thirst, very big facilitate management;Therefore the present invention has structure letter The feature that list, easy maintenance, maintenance cost are relatively low and trees surviving rate is higher.(2) energy storage chamber in the ecotecture of the present invention Simply by the presence of water, just Soil conservation can be made in suitable humidity constantly to the soil moisturizing in described plantation chamber, until energy storage chamber Middle moisture content a hundred per cent is absorbed or evaporated by plant.And can be according to selected seeds to soil humidity requirement, corresponding regulation ooze The height of water material and energy storage chamber positioning drain pipe height, to ensure suitable water level.When in described energy storage chamber, the water yield is higher than to store When energy chamber positions the maximum capacity that drain pipe height exceeds energy storage chamber setting, redundance will be automatically from described energy storage chamber positioning Drain pipe port is flowed directly in next energy storage chamber, so circulates, thus avoiding rotten of plant, and saving water source, recycling. Therefore, the ecotecture of the present invention have can non-maintaining for a long time, can accordingly adjust for the moisture content needed for plant growing, save water The features such as source.(3) energy storage chamber positions drain pipe and is suitable to make the water level in described energy storage chamber be not higher than described seepage material, to avoid Lead to soil's being over wet because plantation chamber is directly soaked in water, and then avoid rotten of plant.Meanwhile, energy storage chamber positioning drain pipe is fitted There is certain water level in described energy storage chamber in making, can avoid leading to plant to thirst because of energy storage chamber dehydration.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of the ecotecture in embodiment;
Reference: 1-- coupling bar, 2 safety barriers, 3 resist sagging devices, 4-- kind plants chamber, and 5-- blocks native net, 6-- Energy storage chamber, 7 parapets, 8-- seepage material, 9 waterproof layers, 10-- balcony structure layer, 11-- pond, 12 block cob brick, 13-- removable cover, 14-- rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device, 15 bodies of wall, 16-- sanitary wastewater drain pipe, 17 toilets Floor panel structure layer, 18-- toilet warterproof layer, 19-- positions drain pipe, 21-- basement ditch, 22 house floor layers.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
See Fig. 1, the ecotecture of the present embodiment is tier building or skyscraper etc., and it includes the chamber located at body of wall side Body, this cavity has multiple, and is distributed up and down by layer, communicates layer by layer.
This cavity includes: the plantation chamber 4 being separated by seepage material and energy storage chamber 6.
Described seepage material 8, such as infiltration porous brick or all can watering free flow seepage material, and have enough Intensity with support top plantation chamber pressure, by seepage material realize water and soil separate.
Described energy storage chamber 6 is equipped with for the described seepage material 8 to the soil infiltration in described plantation chamber;Described accumulation of energy Chamber 6 is connected with a rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device, and/or, it is connected with the end of sanitary wastewater drain pipe;Described energy storage chamber 6 In be provided with one for downward draining positioning drain pipe 19, being highly suitable for of the entrance of this positioning drain pipe discharge pipe 19 makes described Water level in energy storage chamber is not higher than the height of described seepage material 8, to avoid leading to soil because plantation chamber is directly soaked in water Earth overly moist, and then avoid rotten of plant.Meanwhile, energy storage chamber 6 positioning drain pipe is suitable to make to exist certain water in described energy storage chamber Position, can avoid leading to plant to thirst because of energy storage chamber dehydration.
As selectable prioritization scheme, described energy storage chamber includes a basement ditch 21, described rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device Water and/or the water outlet of sanitary wastewater drain pipe be suitable to be directly entered this basement ditch 21;Described energy storage chamber positioning drain pipe is located at this In basement ditch.
Effluent pipe mouth in the cavity of upper strata is connected with the basement ditch 21 in lower floor cavity.
Described seepage material be infiltration porous brick or all can watering free flow seepage material, and have certain The pressure of soil in plantation chamber above strength support;Described basement ditch 21, located at the side in described plantation chamber 4 or centre, can be many Individual, and basement ditch 21 with plantation chamber 4 using block soil infiltration porous brick separate.
As the scheme optimizing, the cavity of described ecotecture by rely on the body of wall one of agent structure and constitute.Institute State the height that balcony structure layer (cavity containing plantation) should be less than the floor of same layer.
It is suitable in described plantation chamber 4 plant trees, coupling bar 1 is installed between safety barrier 2 and tree mobile jib with fixing tree Wood, prevents strong wind weather from blowing trees, causes root system loose with soil, and impact trees survive and fall and bring to pedestrian Harm it is ensured that plant survival rate and the safety problem of trees in high-altitude.
Meanwhile, in balcony periphery setting safety barrier, pour into a mould in the middle of parapet and safety barrier is installed (it is highly held Row relevant national standard) it is ensured that the safety guarantee to trees maintenance work for the later stage.
In order to ensure the attractive in appearance of exterior wall, solve current external walls of building sewage sagging phenomenon, arrange one in daughter's coping Resist sagging device, sewage is flowed backward in plantation chamber 4, it is to avoid sewage is flowed directly to outer surface of wall and causes metope sagging, pollution; The section of described resist sagging device is triangular in shape, and the inclined-plane of this resist sagging device is arranged inwardly.
Soil in plantation chamber 4 selects to be easy to plant corresponding soil and soil mixture.
Described block native net 5 and be layed on seepage material, play and block soil effect, stop that upper strata soil is leaked out to by seepage material It is ensured that the water source of energy storage chamber is unblocked in the water source of lower section, ensure that soil can pass through simultaneously and block the water that lower section drawn by soil net Source.
As the scheme optimizing, described basement ditch 21 is connected with a full-automatic water-supplying blood circulation, with water levels such as dry seasons not Make-up water source when sufficient.Basement ditch 21 also has water storage, draining, observed stage, adjusts the works such as positioning drain pipe height, wiring, stringing With.Full-automatic water-supplying blood circulation includes one for collecting the total pond of underground storage of rainwater and/or remaining water, sanitary wastewater.
Described seepage material (or all can watering free flow seepage material), there is powerful permeability, and examine Consider current and unobstructed, rapid can flow to surrounding, select with poroid seepage material, and there is enough intensity to support top The pressure in plantation chamber, is separated with lower section water source by soil it is ensured that root is not directly immersed in water thus preventing using seepage material Kind plant corruption root bad root phenomenon;Additionally, preventing plant root growth thus destroying waterproof layer and cavity body structure layer.
For preventing water source from penetrating into balcony structure layer 10, save water source simultaneously, and prevent root system of plant and destroy balcony structure layer 10, before construction need to cavity bottom surface and around carry out waterproof.
Additionally, pond 11 of different shapes can be designed on the surface in plantation chamber 4, is available for breeding fish, plants according to personal like Water plant such as Flos Nelumbinises etc..
As the scheme optimizing, described basement ditch 21 is provided with removable cover 13, with observed stage height;Secondly, it is right to facilitate In multi-functional basement ditch, the line of arrangement, pipe are keeped in repair;Again, in order to prevent top debris from falling into multi-functional basement ditch, easy cleaning By the rubbish brought in pipeline, debris.
Water level in described energy storage chamber 6 is usually no more than 8cm, also dependent on the corresponding height of practical situation adjustment.
Water in sanitary wastewater drain pipe 16 is derived from: water for kitchen use, toilet washing basin water, shower water, washing water etc. remove excrement Just with all domestic waters beyond water, unification enters energy storage chamber by this drain pipe.
Embodiment 2
Described building can also be single story building, and the water of described rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device and/or sanitary wastewater are arranged Water in water pipe 16 enters energy storage chamber 6;The water that positioning drain pipe 19 will be above entrance is directly discharged into the total pond of underground storage.
Embodiment 3
Described building can also be overpass or viaduct, and during use, the rainwater on overpass or viaduct passes through Drain pipe enters energy storage chamber;The water that positioning drain pipe will be above described seepage material (or the height of water level setting) enters the next one Energy storage chamber.
Embodiment 4
Described ecotecture can also be placed on the incisal plane of roof or ground etc., and all water sources enter energy storage chamber, high Go out unnecessary water source during peak level height set by energy storage chamber will be automatically drained out.
Embodiment 5
The using method of the ecotecture described in above-described embodiment 1, comprising:
Step 1: by the water row in the water of described rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device 14 and/or sanitary wastewater drain pipe 16 Enter described energy storage chamber 6;
Step 2: the water in energy storage chamber 6 successively through described seepage material 8, to block native net 5 defeated to the soil in described plantation chamber 4 Send moisture content (infiltration);
Step 3: the positioning drain pipe 19 in described energy storage chamber 6 will be above described seepage material 8(or the water level of setting is high Degree) water discharge.
If this building is tier building, described cavity has multiple, is distributed up and down by layer, and communicates layer by layer, then described step 3 The water discharged sends into the energy storage chamber 6 in lower floor's cavity;The water that the located drain pipe 19 of energy storage chamber 6 of the bottom is discharged enters underground The total pond of water-retention.
Obviously, above-described embodiment is only intended to clearly illustrate example of the present invention, and is not to the present invention The restriction of embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also be made it on the basis of the above description The change of its multi-form or variation.There is no need to be exhaustive to all of embodiment.And these belong to this Obvious change that bright spirit is extended out or change among still in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of ecotecture is it is characterised in that include: located at the ecotecture cavity of building side, this cavity includes: by blocking Plantation chamber (4) and energy storage chamber (6) that native net (5) is separated up and down;
Seepage material (8) in described energy storage chamber (6) is used for from energy storage chamber (6) to the soil infiltration described plantation chamber (4);
Described energy storage chamber (6) is connected with a rainwater and/or remaining water collecting device (14), and with sanitary wastewater drain pipe (16) End is connected;
It is provided with a positioning drain pipe being used for downward draining, the entrance of this positioning drain pipe (19) is less than described oozing in described cavity Water material (8);
This building is tier building, and described cavity has multiple, and is distributed up and down, the described positioning drain pipe (19) of top cavity with Basement ditch (21) in the cavity of adjacent lower section is connected;
Described basement ditch (21) is connected with a full-automatic water-supplying, discharge cycle system;
Described cavity is made up of with parapet the balcony structure layer with body of wall one;Described balcony structure floor is less than the building of same layer The height of plate;
Be provided with safety barrier (2) in the middle of parapet, in safety barrier (2) and described plantation chamber (4) the tree trunk of trees it Between install coupling bar (1), to fix trees;
Described energy storage chamber (6) is connected with the basement ditch (21) of same floor, and the water outlet of sanitary wastewater drain pipe (16) is directly entered this basement Ditch (21);
The entrance of described positioning drain pipe (19) is in this basement ditch (21).
CN201510072185.1A 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 ecological building and working method thereof CN104652598B (en)

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CN201210237338.XA CN102720267B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Ecological building and working method thereof
CN201510072185.1A CN104652598B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 ecological building and working method thereof

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CN104652598A CN104652598A (en) 2015-05-27
CN104652598B true CN104652598B (en) 2017-02-01

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CN201510070632.XA CN104695546B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 The relatively low ecotecture of maintenance cost
CN201510070671.XA CN104695547B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Ecological building
CN201510069749.6A CN104652597B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 The method of work of the relatively low ecotecture of maintenance cost
CN201510072185.1A CN104652598B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 ecological building and working method thereof
CN201210237338.XA CN102720267B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Ecological building and working method thereof
CN201510070329.XA CN104695545B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Conveniently-constructed ecological building construction method

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CN201510070632.XA CN104695546B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 The relatively low ecotecture of maintenance cost
CN201510070671.XA CN104695547B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Ecological building
CN201510069749.6A CN104652597B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 The method of work of the relatively low ecotecture of maintenance cost

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CN201210237338.XA CN102720267B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Ecological building and working method thereof
CN201510070329.XA CN104695545B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Conveniently-constructed ecological building construction method

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CN105706717B (en) * 2016-03-08 2018-08-17 王子琛 The ecological planting system for exempting to irrigate can be drained
CN105766453B (en) * 2016-05-23 2019-01-29 江苏绿之源生态建设有限公司 Packaging cultivation box
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CN104695546A (en) 2015-06-10
CN104652597A (en) 2015-05-27
CN104695547B (en) 2017-01-11
CN102720267B (en) 2015-01-07
CN104695547A (en) 2015-06-10
CN104695545B (en) 2017-01-11
CN104652597B (en) 2017-03-01
CN104652598A (en) 2015-05-27
CN102720267A (en) 2012-10-10
CN104695545A (en) 2015-06-10
WO2014008807A1 (en) 2014-01-16
CN104695546B (en) 2017-03-08

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