CN103790381B - A kind of method of construction in aerial greenhouse - Google Patents

A kind of method of construction in aerial greenhouse Download PDF

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CN103790381B
CN103790381B CN201410022677.5A CN201410022677A CN103790381B CN 103790381 B CN103790381 B CN 103790381B CN 201410022677 A CN201410022677 A CN 201410022677A CN 103790381 B CN103790381 B CN 103790381B
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layer
roof
building
greenhouse
root
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CN103790381A (en
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李易阳
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李易阳
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Abstract

The invention discloses the method for construction in a kind of aerial greenhouse, hothouse framework is built the same period at building roof including during building construction, then building roof transformation planting plants are carried out, building roof transformation includes operating as follows: hunt leak building roof, if finding, leak source is repaired, then waterproof layer is laid successively at roof outer surface, the root system of plant is intercepted every root layer, for arranging, the water draining and accumulating layer of water-retention, prevent substrate from entering the filter course of water draining and accumulating layer, for the hypothallus of planting plants.Such scheme can build greenhouse on building top, and this greenhouse can be used for developing service trade, can effectively solve the difficult problem existing for suburb ecological harvesting and surrounding city greenhouse.

Description

A kind of method of construction in aerial greenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to building field, be specifically related to the method for construction in a kind of aerial greenhouse.
Background technology
Suburb ecological harvesting is the most very popular, but due to distance city farther out, is difficult to incorporate daily life, and Cost is high, takies suburb farming land used, and the acquisition of land right to use is the most difficult.The greenhouse of surrounding city is more universal, but existing Nationalization composition in greenhouse is relatively big, lacks the market competitiveness, ageing equipment, and function is single, it is difficult to carry out sight open, puts into remote Much larger than output.Particularly in suburbanization greenhouse, the north, the technological investment that need to overcome frozen soil environment is relatively big, limits greenhouse Development scale.
Along with under the background that the cry of urban ecological grows to even greater heights, government policy is supported energetically, private villa, holiday village The appearance for greenhouse, building top of managing pushing up outdoor garden and Peasants Joy holiday village ecology Deng building provides opportunity.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the method for construction in a kind of aerial greenhouse, it can build greenhouse on building top, This greenhouse can be used for developing service trade, can effectively solve the difficult problem existing for suburb ecological harvesting and surrounding city greenhouse.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that
The method of construction in a kind of aerial greenhouse, builds hothouse framework including during building construction at building roof the same period, Then carrying out building roof transformation planting plants, building roof transformation includes operating as follows:
Hunting leak building roof, if finding, leak source is repaired, and then lays waterproof successively at roof outer surface Layer, the root system of plant is intercepted every root layer, for arranging, the water draining and accumulating layer of water-retention, prevent substrate from entering water draining and accumulating layer Filter course, for the hypothallus of planting plants.
Further scheme is:
Be provided with between waterproof layer and the structure sheaf constituting roof and form domatic sloping layer, the gradient of sloping layer 1~ Between 1.5 °.
After laying filter course, before laying hypothallus, build greenery patches planting bed, garden feature and garden road of mating formation.
Filter course exposed part lays cover layer.
Waterproof layer is flexible waterproof layer, and flexible waterproof layer separates sliding layer with being provided with between root layer.
Being that HDPE material is constituted every root layer, water draining and accumulating layer is that polypropylene, man-made fibre material combine Web materials and constitute, mistake Filtering layer is that polyester fiber non-woven fabric is constituted.
Shading system, wet curtain/fan for cooling system, artificial fog system, illuminator and right it is provided with on hothouse framework The control system that each system is controlled.
Hothouse framework be armored concrete pour/steel construction and glass is combined into.
Presently disclosed techniques scheme has the advantage that
1, on method of construction: hothouse framework is built and carried out with architecture-integral, carries out entirety and set at the beginning of architecture construction Meter, does not separates hothouse framework with building body, saves material and design cost;
2, on material: mainly use due to greenhouse armored concrete add glass structure, the abundant draw heat of glass, Summer dispels the heat in time, saves major part heat dissipation equipment expense;Concrete heat-insulating effect is notable, saves heating cost;
3, resources advantage: the service trade function of ecological greenhouse makes greenhouse market one's own products in the production cycle, gives full play to certainly Body resources advantage;
4, advantage in geography: sufficient opportunity, good district are brought to the development in greenhouse in the position, down town pressing close to crowd Position facilitates consumer groups to experience greenhouse service trade, has extensively expanded market;
5, promoting land use rate: from resource rational utilization angle, skyscraper top greenhouse technology improves city The utilization ratio of construction land, is beneficial to the sustainable development of society;
6, culture embodies: uses gardens and the technique of expression of decoration, greenhouse service trade is combined with mountain-water gardens, build up There is the special Leisure Environment of certain building structure feature;
7, the ability to ward off risks is high: the plant in greenhouse is accomplished that service trade is raw-material and markets one's own products, and improves greenhouse product Added value while to reduce dull and rush season poor, improve the anti-risk ability in greenhouse.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the construction process schematic diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is carried out further Describe in detail.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not used to limit this Bright.
By Greenhouse Construction in the top layer of down town building in the present invention, technology is broadly divided into three below aspect:
The construction method in greenhouse: for cost-effective, raising greenhouse self attributes, greenhouse will be built, i.e. with building the same period Designing greenhouse in building entirety as the part of building design building thing when, hothouse framework is reinforcing bar Concreting (or steel construction) and glass are combined into.
Specific construction technique is as follows:
1, architectural top is cleaned: provide basis for ensuing landscape architecture;2, the waterproof experiment of building roof structure layer 10: Yu Zao Carry out before garden, to detect buildings waterproof performance;3, building secondary waterproof: ensure construction quality further;4, lay separation to slide Layer (use full paving): being laid on every root layer 13 times, the effective width of overlapping the slot should reach 10~20cm, and prolongs to building side wall Stretch 15~20cm, to prevent from producing adhesion phenomenon between root layer 13 and waterproof layer 12 material;5, laying (uses full every root layer 13 Paving): being laid on water draining and accumulating layer 14 times, lap width is not less than 100cm, and extends 15~20cm to metal arrowhead side wall, is used for preventing Root system of plant penetrates waterproof layer 12;6, water draining and accumulating layer 14 (using full paving) is laid: being laid on filter course 15 times, the row of generally comprising stores Water plate, the pottery different water draining and accumulating form such as gravel and drain pipe, extend to below stromal surface layer, at 5cm, to be used for building wall Improve the aeration status of substrate, discharge rapidly excessive moisture, effectively degraded up time pressure, and a small amount of moisture can be stored;7, lay Filter course 15 (using full paving): being laid on hypothallus 16 times, lap width should reach 20cm~30cm, and prolongs to building side wall Extend below substrate top layer at 5cm, employing can the material such as the most filtrable permeable polyester fiber non-woven fabric, to stop substrate to be entered Enter drainage blanket;8, planting matrix is laid: meet plant growing needs;9, lay cordierite plate circuit, brick layer (basic) is mated formation, timber structure (basic) mats formation;10 plant growings and maintenance.The most as shown in Figure 1.Arrange between waterproof layer 12 and the structure sheaf constituting roof Having and form domatic sloping layer 11, the gradient of sloping layer 11 is between 1~1.5 °.
Growing area techonosphere and plant construction:
Techonosphere is constructed: growing area techonosphere has vegetable layer, hypothallus 16, isolation filter course 15 the most respectively, claps (storage) water layer, every root layer 13, separate sliding layer, waterproof layer 12 etc. composition.Construction technology and flow process are identical with internal landscape architecture technology.
Plant is constructed: be divided into defence line fixed point, dig cave, play pick nursery stock, fortune Seedling is heeled in construction ground, pruning of planting, plant, plant The basic plant growing step such as rear management.
In the present invention, waterproof layer 12, water draining and accumulating layer 14, filter course 15, hypothallus 16 are specifically implemented according to following scheme:
Waterproof layer 12 is the key constructs layer of building plantation, the most unsuccessfully will be unable to plant, and the cost overhauled Greatly, thus waterproof layer 12 norm for civil defense should meet I and II waterproof guard requirement in " Technical code for roof engineering ", i.e. uses twice Above waterproof guard, and extend the Acceptable life of waterproof layer 12 as far as possible.
The drainage protection board made for HDPE material every root layer 13 is constituted, and HDPE material has pliability height, tensile strength Height, stretching stretching force are big, corrosion-resistant, the performance of resistance to plant-root-pricking, and physical index performance is as shown in table 1.
Table 1HDPE Material Physics index performance
It can extend with crack when settling the cracking that disunity causes, and protects waterproof layer 12 not because of oxidation Aging, make waterproof layer 12 keep long-term pliability, reach the protection steady in a long-term to building;Meanwhile, HDPE drainage protection board There is ventilative, the function of insulation, solve shed deckhead and roof planting and lack ground vapour and cause the withered difficult problem of plant.It addition, Having obvious energy-saving heat preserving and reduce noise function, ground, underground, metope play well ventilation, ventilative, moisture-proof function; Finally, HDPE belongs to environment-friendly type raw material, and water source, ecological environment and health are not caused any pollution and infringement.This material Service life up to more than 100 years, can within the temperature range of 80~60 degree life-time service, be that one is not the most by ectocine Senior durability, draining waterproof material.Make the basic guarantee that this programme is successfully carried out especially.
According to the requirement to soil of the agriculturally plant: plantation soil layer dehydration is overrun, plant hydropenia is easily caused to dry up;Planting soil The aqueous excess of layer can cause again rotten of plant to affect growth.So, arranged drainage blanket is 5cm thickness cobble in the past, cobble One of upper berth drainage layer, repaves 3~5cm thickness bentonite above, to reach storage, the purpose of draining.
In the present invention use ecology bag constitute water draining and accumulating layer 14, ecology bag is the geotechnological cloth of a kind of on-woven, it be by The material that acupuncture High Strength Plane into the net that polypropylene, man-made fibre material are combined into is stable.Gathering of this formulated The propylene anti-ultraviolet erosion of energy, is not affected by chemical substance in soil, will not occur rotten or rot, permanent non-degradable And the erosion of insect pest can be resisted, service life was up to more than 120 years.In addition, ecology bag has filtering function, permeable impermeable Soil, possesses the key characteristic of water and soil conservation, and plant is also had root protective effect admittedly.
Ecology bag specification and performance: thickness is 1.22mm;Quality is 150g/m2;Draining flow velocity 15.4mm/s;CBR bursting Strength 1.9kN;Permeability rate 0.31;Resistance of rainwater washing against 4m/s water speed washes away style 24h × 7d.
Affected by the locational factor of scheme, the selection of planting soil and configuration should meet lightweight, water-holding capacity big, ventilation Aqueous can good, nutrition is moderate, it is nontoxic to clean, material source is wide and the advantage such as low price.Therefore the artificial preparation that we use Planting soil kind has a following two:
1) yellow mud, peat soil, perlite synthetic soil, by volume 6: 2: 2 preparation, it is public that its unit weight reaches 800~1000 Jin/cubic meter.
2) peat soil, microbial organic fertilizer, the soilless culture formula of perlite 6: 3: 1 ratio combination, its dry weight is 200 public affairs Jin/cubic meter, saturated weight in wet base is 450 kilograms/cubic metre.Plantation layer thickness select: the shallow root system plant such as flowers and plants, vegetable 15~ 30cm (also can be ultrathin as thick in ecology bag or shallow embedding soil layer 10cm according to flowers and plants kind different choice);Undershrub 35~50cm (as Ecology bag tree pond is set and can reduce earthing to 20~30cm);Big shrub 40~60cm;Arbor root is deep, hat needs greatly earthing about 1m Or ecology bag tree pond is set can reduce earthing to 30~50cm.
Plumbing described in the present invention refers to arrange at plantation layer when the irrigation feedwater in Cultivate administration and rainwater are bigger than normal Spilling water drainage system.The method that sprinkling irrigation, drip irrigation do not advocate flood irrigation is preferably used at roof planting layer.
Specific embodiments then should set one cloaca, gutter drainage mouth and roofing at plantation layer at parapet 30~40cm Inlet for stom water is connected, in order to drain because of the water of rainwater spilling bigger than normal.
Indoor roof greening refers to that plant cultivating is building a kind of Virescence form on flat roof, roof greening instant effect, becomes This is low, and afforestation effect is good.Design is seated roof can make full use of limited space to expand green coverage, change with Stiff and the gloomy image of the building sides of the hard that past building roof is trifling, not of uniform size, improves urban look.Useful In the benign cycle of urban ecological environment, it it is the effective way improving afforestation coverage in the city.
The horizontal layout of indoor greening roofing is the environmental condition according to building, the size of construction scale, uses function With require to carry out to afforest essay and the plane combination of facility and spatial design.
A, planar design
Roof is to make building avoid by misty rain, the techonosphere of the natural cause unfavorable aspect impacts such as Exposure to Sunlight.Greening roof It is made up of greening overburden layer, surface layer and supporting course three part.It should meet load-bearing, insulation, the wanting of waterproof, attractive in appearance and environmental protection Ask.
The regular formula of form, natural style and the mixing type of horizontal layout.Ladder room is the main entrance of roof garden, is roof flower The starting point in garden, arranges the rest leisure platform of 6~20 square metres, and next is sequentially arranged built on stilts traffic road, planting bed, catchments Pond, small stair and flower stand.Planting bed accounts for the 60~70% of the terrace gross area, hands over channel width 600~800mm.
Greening roof parapet to be made, the safety of parapet personnel to be protected, and building aspect is played role in decoration, typically Roof parapet height is set to 1300mm, due to height to earth up to be added, therefore greening roof parapet height be generally 1500~ 1300mm。
Planting soil roofing sets special road in length and breadth≤6m along parapet and centre, and 600mm height cover plate 600mm × 600mm × 40mm.C20 concrete twice 115mm brick wall is maked somebody a mere figurehead cover plate and is exceeded 50mm than planting soil, and bottom sets out the mouth of a river, wears from parapet Go out flat roof.
B, the design of growing area
Since roof greening to keep a number of plant, it is necessary on roof building and all kinds of plant can be made to rely life Long growing area.
There are square, rectangle, circle, rhombus, quincunx etc. in colored pond common for Hua Chi (altar, platform), uses which kind of figure, should Select according to roof specific environment and place.Depending on pool wall height is then according to kind of plant variety and roof weight capacity, vegetation is only The planting soil needing 10~20cm can grow;Large-scale arbor needs the planting soil of more than 100cm, the normal growth of guarantee trees Environment.In scheme, selected flower pond (altar, platform) can accomplish to be suitable for the characteristic of various plant.
Natural planting district: in some large-scale roof gardens, the roof garden of particularly Tong Bu with building construction is many Use natural planting pond, provide suitable environment, maneuverability for plant growing, it then follows the growth of various plants is practised Property.
Growing area is the pith in roof garden engineering, it not only floor space big, quantities is big, and is related to The growth of the main scape-plant in roof garden.
C, water body design
Water is indispensable key element in greening.In roof greening, various water bodys are important component parts, and water body is the most normal Reef building coral, the important component part of gardens composition can be become.Therefore in roof load allowed band, it may be considered that Design water body.
Pond: the pond in indoor roof garden, because being limited by place and load-bearing, is built into shallow dwarf-type more and views and admires pond. Its shape can build up free style or various geometric form with landscape architecture keynote, and tank depth is 300~500mm.In order to keep roof water Matter cleans, and pool bottom can use cement plaster, mosaic or decorating surface brick.The water volume in pond, roof is less, for ensureing its water quality Cleaning can in conjunction with fountain, use circulation, both can using water wisely, can often keep water quality limpid again.
Indoor roof is afforested in addition to plant and water body, and road and place quantities of mating formation is the biggest.Due to Shang Yuan road, roof Undertake is based on changing load, be made on roof floor slab, insulating and waterproof layer 12 so mating formation in garden road Surface layer.And its design be also satisfied the requirement on view, view, many rich changes.Structure under surface layer and structure way typically by Architectural design determines.
Indoor roof greening is applicable in easy flights in the flat roof of 3%, and rooftop AC unit is 1~2 grade, the service life It it is more than 25 years.Waterproof layer 12 should be selected corrosion-resistant, the material that puncture-resistant performance is good.Flat roof preferably uses structure to look for slope.
Gutter, eaves gutter head fall are no less than 2%, and bottom of trench drop must not exceed 200mm.Planted roof surrounding should set encloses Revetment and tapping pipe, drain pipe and walkway.Planting medium surrounding on planted roof should set barricade, and barricade bottom should set and let out Water hole.Planting soil thickness: during Turf Culture 100~200mm, during plantation shrub: 300~500mm.
Eaves portion, flat roof way refers to and the way of roofing junction.It is (such as draining, green that this part not only should meet technical elements Change earthing waterproof) requirement, the requirement in terms of the art of architecture to be considered.
Growing area techonosphere have the most respectively vegetable layer, hypothallus 16, isolation filter course 15, clap (storage) water layer, every The compositions such as root layer 13, separation sliding layer.Hypothallus 16 refers to meet plant growing condition, has certain permeance property, water-retention The light material layer of ability and spatial stability.
Indoor landscape architecture due on roof, therefore substrate which kind of should be adjusted according to wet density, be not to be exceeded 1300kg/ m3, conventional mechanism type and preparation table ratio are shown in as shown in table 1, can in the range of built-loading and substrate loading permission, Proportioning is taken the circumstances into consideration according to reality.
Table 2 commonly uses substrate preparation type and configuration proportion reference table
Isolation filter course 15 typically use can the material such as the most filtrable permeable polyester fiber non-woven fabric, be used for stoping base Matter enters drainage blanket.Isolation filter course 15 is laid on hypothallus 16 times, and lap width should reach 20cm~30cm, and to building side Wall and extend to below substrate top layer at 5cm.
Water draining and accumulating layer 14 generally comprises water draining and accumulating plate, pottery gravel (using when load allows) and drain pipe (the roof drainage gradient Use time bigger) etc. different water draining and accumulating forms, for improving the aeration status of substrate, discharge rapidly excessive moisture, effectively drop Solve up time pressure, and a small amount of moisture can be stored.Water draining and accumulating layer 14 is laid on filter course 15 times.Substrate should be extended to building wall Below surface layer at 5cm.
Draining should be set according to discharge outlet during construction and observe well, and make regular check on the unobstructed situation of drainage system.The most clear Reason dry branches and fallen leaves, preventing and treating water drainage hole plug causes chokes water refluence.
Typically there are the material types such as alloy, rubber, PE and IDPE every root layer 13, are used for preventing root system of plant from penetrating waterproof layer 12.Being laid on water draining and accumulating layer 14 times every root layer 13, lap width is not less than 100cm, and extends 15cm~20cm to metal arrowhead side wall.
Separate sliding layer and typically use the material such as glass-fiber-fabric or non-woven fabrics, be used for preventing every root layer 13 in waterproof layer 12 material Between produce adhesion phenomenon.Flexible waterproof layer 12 surface should arrange separation sliding layer;Rigid waterproof layer 12 or have rigid waterproofing Flexible waterproof layer 12 surface of layer 12, separation sliding layer can omit and not spread.Separate sliding layer to be laid on every root layer 13 times, overlapping the slot Effective width should reach 10cm~20cm, and extend 15cm~20cm to building side wall.
Waterproof layer 12 should meet DBJ01~93~2004 requirements in indoor roofing landscape architecture waterproofing process, reaches two grades of buildings Water protection standards.Should carry out waterproof detection mending-leakage in time before landscape architecture construction, secondary waterproof to be done processes.The most preferential choosing Select the waterproof material that root system of plant punctures.Lay waterproof material should to building side wall derive, should be higher than that stromal surface 15cm with On.
The construction of planting plants includes operating as follows:
1, defence line fixed point: according to the Planting Design on drawing, setting-out is in ground in proportion, determines the plantation point of each nursery stock. Before fixed point, first removing obstacles, will indicate that the position of border, road, building, then according to position indicated above with instrument tape measure The position of the wood of final singling nearby.
2, dig cave: the quality in cave, planting quality and later growth promoter are had a great impact.Therefore, to digging cave rule Lattice must be strict with.After planting pit (cave) position determines, can be according to seeds root characteristics, the specification in determine to dig pit (cave), Require bigger than native ball, widen amplification about 30cm, deepen about 20cm.Circle is drawn with the footpath, cave of regulation when digging cave, downward along round edge Excavate, table soil and subsoil stacked respectively by Uniform provisions, then in cave, executes certain base manure, in order to the growth that nursery stock is later, More preferably grow up to faster, strengthen the resistance of self.Digging after cave digs, supervisor to be submitted a report asking for carries out an acceptance inspection, underproof and Time do over again.
3, rise pick nursery stock:
Prepare before a, bundle
Select qualified nursery stock to nursery by designing requirement, and make labelling.Selected nursery stock requires that specification size is close, single Strain strong sprout, resistance, disease-free nursery stock.For favourable dredge operation with hinder root system less, the trench draining in advance of nursery stock overly moist, Cross dry pouring water for 2~3 days in advance.
B, seedling-growing method and prescription
Root width picture circle is determined for radius by rising long 1/3, outer around lifting in circle, vertically dig down to certain depth, cut off side root. Seedling institute band soil ball Caulis et Folium Oryzae in cave is bandaged, extracts outside cave.Soil bag is pricked and is wanted tight, to obturage and can not leak at the bottom of soil ball.
4, fortune Seedling is heeled in construction ground
A, fortune Seedling: during a large amount of outplanting, at shipment pronucleus to the quantity of seedling and specification, additionally need to have gone through Seedling quality after pick, should eliminate operating undesirable set of nursery stock, and supply Seedling tree, first pads the things such as upper straw bag in compartment, In case sweep abrasion nursery stock.
Seedling has special messenger to escort with car, notices whether tarpaulin is opened by wind.Short distance fortune Seedling midway does not stop;Long-distance fortune Seedling Stopping in the cool during rest, as higher in season temperature during fortune Seedling, then entrucking nursery stock in 5 PM left and right is transported to and unloads at once, Require when unloading to handle with care.
B, construction ground are heeled in: after nursery stock transports to scene, plant at once, fail to plant in time or do not planted, should regard from Implantation time length takes " heeling in " measure respectively.
Placement interim to bare-root seeding can use straw bag to build, and arid area digs shallow ridges near planting-site, by nursery stock in the most oblique Entering to put, cut the earth and bury root, heel in by row successively, lid shade net, as needed heeling in of long period, choosing is with not affecting the vicinity of construction Point digs one wide 1.5~2cm, and deep 30~50cm, what length depended on the needs heels in ditch, concentrates respectively by seeds and heels in, and carries out Labelling, heels in the most from level to level.During this period, soil overdrying should water in right amount, but also cannot overly moist in case impact in the future Operation.
5, plant pruning: when no matter going out garden, whether nursery stock was carried out pruning, and all must prune when planting.Parthenocissus quinquefolia bar Retaining 20cm length, remaining cuts off, and cuts off long root system.
6, plant
7, manage after planting: trees plant after management include pouring water, earth bank and other.Must be watered within the same day in time after cultivation A time water.Second time water to be carried out continuously at second day, and water must irrigate, and makes soil suction moisture, and contribute to root system in Soil touches, and side protects and surviving, should be every 3~~within 5 days, irrigate a water.To prevent from when watering washing away mill weir, infiltration of every time watering After, crooked nursery stock is held up directly, and to the filled soil that subsides, after water is penetrated into by first pass, preferably covers one layer of thin dry ground, can Earth bank is scalped, soil is pushed in butt, slightly higher go out original ground, can beneficially preserve soil moisture and protect root system.
Plant growing is being had the growing area of impairment, the warning such as mark or pillar brace or interim hedge, protection are being set Measure, to protect surviving and normal growth of plant.Growing area planted agent keeps clean and tidy, must not stack foreign material or make beta site. It is replaced supplementing to dead plant.
To be used for greenhouse building ecological park dining room, the agent structure in aerial greenhouse is described in detail below:
One, basis
Deep 1.5 meters of basis, ecological park dining room, C20 concrete cast-in-site (suitably can adjust according to when way address situation). More than ecological harvesting surrounding ground using 0.8 meter of high brick wall, cement mortar wipes one's face, and outer tiling or decoration process, play insulation, Attractive in appearance and prevent wind action of sweeping the floor winter.The outer surrounding of ecological harvesting makees thick 8 centimetres an of circle, wide 80 centimetres, the 150# of gradient 4% Aproll, prevents basis from directly being washed away.
Two, main body framework
The major-minor Room uses multiple rows of sink main body skeleton of lightweight steel construction, Stability Analysis of Structures, has roofing row's dew structure of uniqueness.
Selected steel:
Central post: square shaped pipe 100 × 100mm
Edge column: square shaped pipe 100 × 50mm;
Composite welding combination crossbeam: 50 × 50mm;
Truss: a few word steel 50mm;
Tank: clod wash hot-dip galvanizing sheet steel B=2.0mm, for draining;
Column base plate: at the bottom of secondary Room edge column base plate δ=8mm steel plate, secondary Room central post base plate δ=12mm steel plate, main Room column Plate δ=20mm steel plate;
Structural connection: use the processing of B=3mm steel plate;
With galvanized bolt with from boring nail connection between ecological harvesting structural member.
Three, cover outside ecological harvesting
1, sunlight board
Ecological park top, back elevation, western facade position cover: using 8mm hollow transparent sunlight board to cover, outside is played anti- Ultraviolet, the effect of anti-condensation is played in inner side.
Important technological parameters: heat transfer coefficient 3.0W/m2.c;Light transmittance > 80% (new plate);Shock resistance experiment crack-free, nothing Crackle;Softening temperature 150 DEG C;Artificial weathering test 4000 hours, xanthic degree is 2, and light transmittance reduces by 0.6%;Producer carries For 10 year quality guarantee period, service life was more than 15 years
2, glass curtain
The positive facade in the major-minor Room, east elevation use 12mm thickness point type tempered glass curtain wall (using sunlight board to cover at pinnacle), Single sheet breadth 2.0m × 1.7m (concrete size is as the criterion with field measurement).
3, sunlight board Special aluminum alloy profile
Produced by Central Asia aluminium company limited;Surface processes through peroxidating, frosted, Special aluminium profile, independent development, aluminium profiles Material thickness 1mm~2mm.
4, sealing strip
Technical parameter: (by GB12002~89)
100% stretching strength: >=3.0Mpa
Breaking strength: >=8.0Mpa
Heat shrink rate (70 DEG C × 24h) :≤2.0%
Hot air aging (100 DEG C × 72h): without significant change
Compression set (70 DEG C × 24h compression ratio 30%) :≤55%
Four, Anti-dripping system
Practice constantly improves raising, Design of Main Structure with unique special Anti-dripping system of ecological harvesting, by The condensed water covering material inner surface formation flows into collecting tank discharge by water conservancy diversion collector groove, and complete dewing-proof measures can be effective Ground solves the condensation trouble in dining room.
Five, external sunshade system
1, sunshade net
Selection Yang Ke company high-quality external sunshade curtain: sunshade rate: 90%, fractional energy savings: 60%, specification: 4.2m, life-span: producer Quality guarantee in 5 years, more than 8 years actual life are provided
2, shade supporting wire
Selecting high-quality polyester screen-supporting wire, color: black, diameter: 2.0 × 2.5mm, tensile strength: 250kg/f, fracture is stretched Long rate 8%, 8 years quality assurances, more than 10 years service life.
3, drive mechanism
Using pinion and-rack transmission, power supply: 380V, 50HZ, power of motor: 0.55KW, speed reducing ratio: 1: 700, output turns Speed: 2rpm.
Six, forced ventilation system
1, system principle:
Wet curtain/fan for cooling system utilizes evaporation of water cool principle to realize cooling purpose.System selects Meng Te company Wet curtain, water pump system and Wind Volume import low-noise fan.The core of cooling system is that to can ensure that water drenches uniformly whole Wet curtain wall.When air is through wet curtain medium, the temperature of air is reduced by the water_air exchange carried out with wet curtain dielectric surface.
2, system composition:
It is made up of wet curtain wall, circulation, axial fan and control system four part.It is special public that wet curtain uses Sweden to cover Department's product, this product advantage is that the wet structure that it is bigger completely attaches to the air flow through so that air and water have sufficiently Time contacts, and makes the humidity of air reach the suitable humidity that human body is sensed.Match with wet curtain is blower fan, when blower fan is opened Time foot can ensure that the flowing of ecological harvesting inner air and outer air, indoor hot and humid gas is discharged, and supplements enough fresh skies Gas, effectively regulates indoor temperature.
3, basic configuration:
1) configuration Wind Volume import low-noise fan 12
2) specification 1400 × 1400 × 400mm, flabellum diameter 1250mm, exhaust air rate 44000m3/ h/ platform, power consumption 0.75KW/ Platform.
Feature: aluminium alloy compression casting forming belt wheel, overall punch forming air-ducting ring, the big shutter of balance bar rod-type, air quantity Greatly, noise is low, good airproof performance
3) the outer aluminum alloy opening window of wet curtain.
Seven, artificial fog system
1. system principle
Taiwan essence bore artificial fog system, natural fog system principle based on natural phenomena, such as steam, cloud and mist.Mist It it is exactly the cloud touching ground.Essence bores artificial fog system, natural fog system can allow you generate such environment whenever and wherever possible.Essence Brill is made mist system and is used international high-grade, precision and advanced scientific equipment, by common water through the process of filtration system, it is ensured that whole system exists Operating smoothly under optimum condition, after high pressure unit pressurizes (pressure up to 30~220kg), completion system transmits, via essence Boring shower nozzle, make water form the natural particle of 1~about 15mm, atomization to whole space, these small artificial fog granules can be grown Time is floating, suspend in atmosphere, and the mist length that single shower nozzle produces is up to 3~5 meters.Water smoke absorbs heat in atmosphere, from liquid State becomes gaseous state, makes space humidity be increased, and reduces the purpose of air themperature, and whole process is constant-enthalpy process.
Essence bores the major function of artificial fog: make scape, lower the temperature, humidification etc..
2. system explanation:
Essence bores artificial fog system, and to be made mist unit, high pressure line, control system, filtration system, ultra-fine spray painting by high pressure first-class Assembly is constituted:
1) all pipeline uses high pressure copper tube.Weatherability is good, acid and alkali-resistance, high pressure resistant;
2) Novel connection eliminant high-pressure fog unit (pumping formula), model PA~P5050;
3) control system (Mechanical course);
4) filtration system;
5) hyperfine atomizing nozzle, selects PA18 high-pressure nozzle.According to the difference of place function, use 2# shower nozzle, operation pressure Power reaches 30~~220kg, mist length 3.5 meters, droplet 1~~15 microns (0.01mm), mist wide 1~~1.5 meters.
3. configuration instruction
Sprinkler spacing 2 meters, pipe is away from 9.6 meters.(layout need to be adjusted according to landscape architecture at any time)
The features such as energy-conservation, noise is low, efficiency is high, structure is simple and clear, easy to maintenance, strong adaptability.Fully meet cooling, go The requirements such as wet, heating.
Eight, lighting
Ecological park room lighting uses Philips light fixture, and this light fixture maximum feature uses fine aluminium rotary press modelling and through anodic oxygen The lampshade that change processes, corrosion-resistant service life is long, and fluorescent tube uses energy-saving bulb, energy-efficient;This light fixture is applicable to room lighting, The electric ballast of electricity-saving lamp and the integrated installation of fluorescent tube, it is possible to split is directly mounted in electric appliance box, and O&M is equal Extremely convenient.This light fixture can use the method installations such as chain sling, suspension rod, hook.
Controlling illumination: coordinate with landscape architecture Landscape Lamp, indoor average illumination is not less than 150Lux.
Nine, control system
1, system object: the system being suitable to large-scale ecological dining room controls, and can upgrade to computer according to customer requirement automatic Control.
2, systemic-function: external sunshade system controls;The control of forced cooling (wet curtain/blower fan) system;Artificial fog system Control;Lighting controls.
Ten, distribution system
1 stock:
Ecological harvesting inside conductor uses damp-proof RVV plastic sheath line, and holding wire is RVVP shielded conductor.Socket uses waterproof Damp-proof.For attractive in appearance in making ecological harvesting, wiring uses poling mode.Set earthing pole on demand, and earth lead is caused required Position.Comprise all power lines in ecological harvesting, control line and dressing is electrically installed.
2 system explanations:
The outsides such as ecological harvesting needs electricity consumption to be not less than 200KW (not including the outside electricity consumption such as kitchen and neon light), transformator Component is responsible for by user, and needs are received main power line in the electric cabinet of ecological harvesting.Internals and circuit are responsible for by us.
3 carry calculation, as shown in table 3:
Table 3 requires design according to ecological harvesting
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For Yuan, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, it is also possible to make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the method for construction in aerial greenhouse, builds hothouse framework including during building construction at building roof, so the same period After carry out building roof transformation and planting plants, building roof transformation include operating as follows:
Hunting leak building roof, if finding, leak source is repaired, and then lays waterproof layer successively at roof outer surface, right The root system of plant carry out intercepting every root layer, for arranging, the water draining and accumulating layer of water-retention, prevent substrate from entering the filtration of water draining and accumulating layer Layer, forms domatic sloping layer for being provided with between the hypothallus of planting plants, waterproof layer and the structure sheaf constituting roof, looks for The gradient of slope layer between 1~1.5 °, lay after filter course, lay hypothallus before build greenery patches planting bed, garden feature and Mating formation garden road, filter course exposed part lays cover layer, and waterproof layer is flexible waterproof layer, flexible waterproof layer and setting between root layer Being equipped with separation sliding layer, be that HDPE material is constituted every root layer, water draining and accumulating layer is that polypropylene, man-made fibre material combine Web materials Constituting, filter course is that polyester fiber non-woven fabric is constituted, and is provided with shading system, wet curtain/fan for cooling system, people in hothouse framework Making mist system, illuminator and the control system being controlled each system, hothouse framework is that armored concrete pours/steel knot Structure and glass are combined into.
CN201410022677.5A 2014-01-11 2014-01-11 A kind of method of construction in aerial greenhouse Active CN103790381B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105638295A (en) * 2014-11-12 2016-06-08 福州古树景观工程有限公司 Plant habitat restriction ecological technology for roof greening and three-dimensional greening
CN107035076A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-08-11 杭州安居市政园林工程有限公司 Roof greening construction method

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JPH04228760A (en) * 1991-04-18 1992-08-18 Tsugio Abe Method 0f constructing water-proof layer in structure
CN2763399Y (en) * 2004-09-06 2006-03-08 苏日图 Light body assembling residence building with solar energy and gas heating
KR100659039B1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2006-12-21 중앙방수기업주식회사 Root isolation sheet for roof, roof complex waterproof and root isolation layer structure using root isolation sheet, embossing polyvinyl sheet and rubber-asphalt membrane waterproofing material and method thereof
CN202338072U (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-07-18 四川省瑞云环境绿化工程有限公司 Building structure for greening top surface of building
CN202577790U (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-12-05 江苏山水建设集团有限公司 Roof greening structure
CN202787713U (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-03-13 安徽朗凯奇建材有限公司 Roof greening system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04228760A (en) * 1991-04-18 1992-08-18 Tsugio Abe Method 0f constructing water-proof layer in structure
CN2763399Y (en) * 2004-09-06 2006-03-08 苏日图 Light body assembling residence building with solar energy and gas heating
KR100659039B1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2006-12-21 중앙방수기업주식회사 Root isolation sheet for roof, roof complex waterproof and root isolation layer structure using root isolation sheet, embossing polyvinyl sheet and rubber-asphalt membrane waterproofing material and method thereof
CN202338072U (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-07-18 四川省瑞云环境绿化工程有限公司 Building structure for greening top surface of building
CN202577790U (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-12-05 江苏山水建设集团有限公司 Roof greening structure
CN202787713U (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-03-13 安徽朗凯奇建材有限公司 Roof greening system

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