CN204070044U - A kind of skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system - Google Patents

A kind of skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204070044U
CN204070044U CN201420525118.1U CN201420525118U CN204070044U CN 204070044 U CN204070044 U CN 204070044U CN 201420525118 U CN201420525118 U CN 201420525118U CN 204070044 U CN204070044 U CN 204070044U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
climbing plant
building
skyscraper
holding
net
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420525118.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹大燕
杨仕超
于素英
丁朝华
张贵明
黄汉林
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GUANGDONG ZHONGKE QILIN GARDEN CO., LTD.
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Guangdong Jian Ke Energy-Conserving And Environment-Protective Science And Technology Ltd
GUANGDONG ZHONGKE QILIN GARDEN Co Ltd
GUANGDONG PROV INST OF BUILDING SCIENCE
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Priority to CN201420525118.1U priority Critical patent/CN204070044U/en
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Publication of CN204070044U publication Critical patent/CN204070044U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system, comprise Climbing Plant, cultivation matrix and the planting groove for splendid attire cultivation matrix, planting groove is located on the alien invasion of building body, vertical greening system also comprises support frame and climbs up by holding on to net, the alien invasion that support frame is fixed on building body is positioned at the outside of planting groove, climbs up by holding on to net and lay to make to climb up by holding on to be formed between net and building body alien invasion along support frame outer surface and to grow for Climbing Plant and to safeguard the space of Climbing Plant.The utility model achieves skyscraper alien invasion vertical greening, adds greenery area under not increasing land use situation, and floor construction body height is higher, and the area increase of green belt is larger, and effect of saving the area is more obvious.Climb up by holding on to the space between net and building body alien invasion, efficiently solve the plant of vertical greening periodic replacement in the past, pruning and clear assorted difficult problem, also solve the construction of skyscraper alien invasion greening, the safety problem of maintenance.

Description

A kind of skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of vertical greening system, particularly relates to a kind of skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system.
Background technology
Along with modern developing rapidly constantly expands with city size ground, land resources is more and more nervous, in order to solve the problems such as people's inhabitation, office on limited soil, current method greatly develops skyscraper, but, because skyscraper surface area is large, absorb and reflected solar radiation ability strong, become and cause one of urban heat land effect main " arch-criminal ".Closely bound up Urban Ecological Problems of simultaneously living with people also more and more comes into one's own, due to finiteness and the skyscraper space an inch of land is an inch of gold of urban land, large area greening cannot be carried out, improve afforestation coverage in the city, improve The Surroundings in Cities quality, not only need plane greening, also need plane greening and vertical greening organically to combine.
Vertical greening also claims vertical planting: refer to and make full use of different cities land occupation condition, selects Climbing Plant and other plant setting and depends on the greening mode of various structure and other space structure.It can not only make up the deficiency of plane greening, and abundant greening level, contributes to recover the original ecological balance, and can increase the natural art effect of urban architecture, make it and the environment coordinating and unifying more.
But, still there is many technical problems being difficult to break through in skyscraper vertical greening field for a long time, the formulation problems of such as planting groove and plumbing problem, structural safety sex chromosome mosaicism, floristic select permeability, cultivation matrix, problem of maintenance management difficulty etc., these problems all govern further developing of skyscraper vertical greening.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of structural safety, cheap, plant maintaining easy, effectively can improve the skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system of building body green percentage.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model realizes by the following technical solutions: a kind of skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system, comprise Climbing Plant, cultivation matrix and the planting groove for splendid attire cultivation matrix, described planting groove is located on the alien invasion of building body, it is characterized in that: described vertical greening system also comprise support frame and for Climbing Plant growth climbing climb up by holding on to net, the alien invasion that described support frame is fixed on building body is positioned at the outside of planting groove, described net of climbing up by holding on to is laid to make to climb up by holding on to be formed between net and building body alien invasion along the outer surface of support frame and to be grown for Climbing Plant and to safeguard the space of Climbing Plant.
The utility model achieves the vertical greening at skyscraper alien invasion, adds greenery area when not increasing land use, and floor construction body height is higher, and the corresponding increase of area of green belt is larger, and effect of saving the area is more obvious.Of the present utility modelly climb up by holding on to the space left Climbing Plant between net and building body alien invasion and grow and safeguard Climbing Plant, efficiently solve the plant of vertical greening periodic replacement in the past, pruning and clear assorted difficult problem, also solve the construction of skyscraper alien invasion greening, the safety problem of maintenance.
As a kind of embodiment of the present utility model, described support frame assembles primarily of vertical bar and transverse bar member splicing, described vertical bar is set in distance to enclose and draws together described planting groove, described transverse bar member is set in distance and its two ends are connected on vertical bar and form a solid rectangle framework, vertical bar and the transverse bar member of close building body alien invasion are fixedly connected with the alien invasion of building body respectively, space between described solid rectangle framework and building body alien invasion is solid rectangle space, the ecologic niche being beneficial to plant moisturizing is formed in this solid rectangle space, simultaneously in this solid rectangle space, air-flow flows from bottom to top and is beneficial to wall and lowers the temperature outward.Spacing between the vertical bar of support frame and transverse bar member can obtain according to bearing capacity calculation, and at floor level place, vertical bar is all connected by setscrew with building body with transverse bar member, ensure that the fastness of support frame.
The utility model space climbed up by holding on between net and building body alien invasion is solid rectangle space, and this space can effectively prevent Climbing Plant from extending on body of wall, does not affect ventilation of windowing; Along with the growth of plant, blade reaches certain coverage rate, and this space forms an ecologic niche, is conducive to the moisturizing of plant, and this space forms " stack effect ", and its inner air-flow formed from below to up, is conducive to wall and lowers the temperature outward.
Improve as one of the present utility model, discharge outlet is provided with on the cell wall of described planting groove and near groove bottom, described discharge outlet is connected with the rain pipe of building body by drainpipe, can ensure that ponding can get rid of the just conventional water with plant in time, when rainwater or when watering dilutional hyponatremia, water can flow into rain pipe along drainpipe, imports in city planting ductwork, thus effectively avoid water to overflow metope, keep the clean and attractive in appearance of metope.Also be provided with irrigation device at the top of described planting groove, can ensure the required moisture supplying plant growth, and irrigation device has the ability regulating microclimate, the water droplet of sprinkling is tiny, and water saving efficiency is high.
As further improvement of the utility model, described planting groove and building body integrated construction form or add on the alien invasion of existed building main body and form, described planting groove inner surface is coated with watertight composition, the watertight composition of described planting groove inner bottom surface is equipped with haydite hydrophobic material, and described discharge outlet is embedded in described haydite hydrophobic material.
As a kind of embodiment of the present utility model, described cultivation matrix adopts the solid matrix of high nutrient component and lightweight, preferably adopts organic grow soil.The feature that the utility model is strong for skyscraper alien invasion greening illumination, the temperature difference is large, wind speed is high, moisture loss is fast, the actual conditions according to selected Climbing Plant growth characteristic select cultivation matrix.
Climbing Plant described in the utility model non-ly climbs wall class Climbing Plant.
Described in the utility modelly climb up by holding on to net braiding and form.Owing to there is not pad, the defect decreasing pad is destroyed, and is applicable to bending, can bring up unique aesthetic feeling.
Net of climbing up by holding on to described in the utility model adopts the greening of leaching plastic steel wire to climb up by holding on to net.This climbs up by holding on to the security protection requirement for bearing capacity that net vertical bearing capacity can meet Climbing Plant and high-rise upkeep operation personnel, can double as safety guard net; This climbs up by holding on to anti-aging, the anti-solarization of net, the superior performance such as anticorrosive, and long service life, can reduce the secondary work high above the ground such as maintain and replace; According to the Climbing Plant growth characteristic selected and meet load requirement and select suitable mesh size, and leaching moulding material can reduce burning sun under too high plant is caused of Yin Wendu burn, be more suitable for plant climbing growth.
The utility model can also do following improvement, described in climb up by holding on to Netcom and cross stirrup and be fixed on vertical bar firmly to climb up by holding on to net for work high above the ground.During work high above the ground, only will need climb up by holding on to net by stirrup and support frame is fixing, construct very easy.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has following significant effect:
(1) the utility model achieves the vertical greening at skyscraper alien invasion, adds greenery area when not increasing land use, and floor construction body height is higher, and the corresponding increase of area of green belt is larger, and effect of saving the area is more obvious.
(2) the utility model climbs up by holding on to the space left Climbing Plant between net and building body alien invasion and grow and safeguard Climbing Plant, efficiently solve the plant of vertical greening periodic replacement in the past, pruning and clear assorted difficult problem, also solve the construction of skyscraper alien invasion greening, the safety problem of maintenance.
(3) the utility model climbs up by holding on to the space between net and building body alien invasion is solid rectangle space, and this space effectively prevents Climbing Plant from extending on body of wall, does not affect ventilation of windowing; Along with the growth of plant, blade reaches certain coverage rate, and this space forms an ecologic niche, is conducive to the moisturizing of plant, and this space forms " stack effect ", and its inner air-flow formed from below to up, is conducive to wall and lowers the temperature outward.
(4) the utility model is not only applicable to newly-built building, also the transformation to existing building is applicable to, applied widely, and take to remove existing old building with compared with the method increasing greenery patches, the utility model, can be greatly cost-saving under the condition increasing same green coverage.
The utility model planting groove and new building main body one-body molded time, watertight composition can be set simultaneously, prevent infiltration damage is caused to building body structure, operating period limit for length, build, maintenance cost is low, building course can increase industry industry, tax revenue simultaneously, and economic effect is obvious.
(6) the utility model has effective noise-reducing, falls dust, stops the sun, cooling, can obviously improve microclimate environment and improve the effect of rigid spatial framework of urban architecture, reduce the energy-conservation loss of building, be conducive to the tropical island effect reducing city, be conducive to the physical and mental health of people, environmental benefit clearly.
(7) the utility model adopts organic grow soil as cultivation matrix, solves the problem of skyscraper main body alien invasion planting groove soil layer thin plant difficulty growth; What the utility model adopted climbs up by holding on to net, solves Climbing Plant and climbs up by holding on to burn or boiling hot dead problem in process, effectively can accelerate the growth of Climbing Plant, shorten greening molding time.
(8) of the present utility modelly climb up by holding on to the security protection requirement for bearing capacity that net and support frame can meet Climbing Plant and high-rise upkeep operation personnel.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic side view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is support frame of the present utility model and building body alien invasion connection diagram.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, it is a kind of skyscraper Climbing Plant of the utility model vertical greening system, comprise Climbing Plant 1, cultivation matrix 2, planting groove 3 for splendid attire cultivation matrix 2, support frame 6 and grow climbing for Climbing Plant 1 climb up by holding on to net 7, cultivation matrix 2 adopts the solid matrix of high nutrient component and lightweight, and the concrete organic grow that adopts is native.Planting groove 3 is located on the alien invasion 9 of building body, the alien invasion 9 that support frame 6 is fixed on building body is positioned at the outside of planting groove 3, climbing up by holding on to net 7 adopts the greening of leaching plastic steel wire to climb up by holding on to net, and climb up by holding on to net 7 braiding form, climb up by holding on to net 7 and lay the space 8 making to climb up by holding on to and to be formed between net 7 and building body alien invasion and grow and safeguard Climbing Plant for Climbing Plant along the outer surface of support frame 6, Climbing Plant 1 is in growth and safeguard that space 8 grows also finally form greening system along climbing up by holding on to net 7.
Consider the characteristics such as the adaptability of plant, drought-resistant property, wind resistance, recovery capability, consider that climbing wall plant can damage construction wall simultaneously, affect ventilation of windowing, grow uncontrollable, the factor such as difficult in maintenance, the Climbing Plant of the present embodiment selects non-wall class Climbing Plant of climbing, and the plant variety of in height every layer of plantation replaces mutually, guarantee has flower throughout the year, part leaf look with seasonal variation, thus reaches desirable view appreciation effect.
Support frame 6 assembles primarily of vertical bar 61 and transverse bar member 62 splicing, vertical bar 61 is set in distance to enclose and draws together planting groove 3, transverse bar member 62 is set in distance and its two ends are connected on vertical bar 61 and form a solid rectangle framework, spacing between vertical bar 61, spacing between transverse bar member 62 can obtain according to bearing capacity calculation respectively, vertical bar 61 and the transverse bar member 62 of close building body alien invasion 9 are fixedly connected by setscrew 10 with the alien invasion 9 of building body respectively, ensure that the fastness of support frame, space between solid rectangle framework and building body alien invasion 9 is solid rectangle space, this space effectively prevents Climbing Plant from extending on body of wall, do not affect ventilation of windowing, along with the growth of plant, blade reaches certain coverage rate, this space forms an ecologic niche, be conducive to the moisturizing of plant, and this space forms " stack effect ", its inner air-flow formed from below to up, be conducive to wall to lower the temperature outward.Climb up by holding on to net 7 to be fixed on vertical bar by stirrup firmly to climb up by holding on to net for work high above the ground.When work high above the ground, only will need climb up by holding on to net by stirrup and support frame is fixing, construct very easy.
Discharge outlet 4 is provided with on the cell wall of planting groove 3 and near groove bottom, discharge outlet 4 is connected with the rain pipe of building body by drainpipe, when rainwater or when watering dilutional hyponatremia, water can flow into rain pipe along drainpipe, import in city planting ductwork, thus effectively avoid water to overflow metope, keep the clean and attractive in appearance of metope.Also be provided with irrigation device 5 at the top of planting groove 3, irrigation device has the ability regulating microclimate, and the water droplet possessing sprinkling is tiny, the feature that water saving efficiency is high.In the present embodiment, planting groove 3 and building body integrated construction form, and planting groove 3 inner surface is coated with watertight composition, this watertight composition and building body are constructed simultaneously, to prevent infiltration from causing damage to building body structure, during construction, do water-proofing treatment according to general terrace or accomodation ground.The watertight composition of planting groove 3 inner bottom surface is equipped with haydite hydrophobic material, and discharge outlet 4 is embedded in haydite hydrophobic material.
Embodiment of the present utility model is not limited thereto, according to foregoing of the present utility model, according to ordinary technical knowledge and the customary means of this area, do not departing under the utility model above-mentioned basic fundamental thought prerequisite, the utility model support frame etc. also has other embodiment; Planting groove also can be add to form on the alien invasion of existed building main body, and the scope of application is extensive.Therefore the utility model can also make the amendment of other various ways, replacement or change, all drops within the utility model rights protection scope.

Claims (10)

1. a skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system, comprise Climbing Plant, cultivation matrix and the planting groove for splendid attire cultivation matrix, described planting groove is located on the alien invasion of building body, it is characterized in that: described vertical greening system also comprise support frame and for Climbing Plant growth climbing climb up by holding on to net, the alien invasion that described support frame is fixed on building body is positioned at the outside of planting groove, described net of climbing up by holding on to is laid to make to climb up by holding on to be formed between net and building body alien invasion along the outer surface of support frame and to be grown for Climbing Plant and to safeguard the space of Climbing Plant.
2. skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described support frame assembles primarily of vertical bar and transverse bar member splicing, described vertical bar is set in distance to enclose and draws together described planting groove, described transverse bar member is set in distance and its two ends are connected on vertical bar and form a solid rectangle framework, vertical bar and the transverse bar member of close building body alien invasion are fixedly connected with the alien invasion of building body respectively, space between described solid rectangle framework and building body alien invasion is solid rectangle space, the ecologic niche being beneficial to plant moisturizing is formed in this solid rectangle space, simultaneously in this solid rectangle space, air-flow flows from bottom to top and is beneficial to wall and lowers the temperature outward.
3. skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described in climb up by holding on to Netcom and cross stirrup and be fixed on vertical bar firmly to climb up by holding on to net for work high above the ground.
4. the skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system according to any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: on the cell wall of described planting groove and near groove bottom, be provided with discharge outlet, described discharge outlet is connected with the rain pipe of building body by drainpipe, is provided with irrigation device at the top of described planting groove.
5. skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described planting groove and building body integrated construction form or add on the alien invasion of existed building main body and form, described planting groove inner surface is coated with watertight composition, the watertight composition of described planting groove inner bottom surface is equipped with haydite hydrophobic material, and described discharge outlet is embedded in described haydite hydrophobic material.
6. skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described cultivation matrix adopts the solid matrix of high nutrient component and lightweight.
7. skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described cultivation matrix adopts organic grow soil.
8. skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described Climbing Plant non-ly climbs wall class Climbing Plant.
9. skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described in climb up by holding on to net braiding and form.
10. skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system according to claim 9, is characterized in that: described in climb up by holding on to net adopt leaching plastic steel wire greening climb up by holding on to net.
CN201420525118.1U 2014-09-12 2014-09-12 A kind of skyscraper Climbing Plant vertical greening system Expired - Fee Related CN204070044U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104285774A (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-01-21 广东省建筑科学研究院 High-rise building climbing plant vertical greening system
CN107447853A (en) * 2017-09-16 2017-12-08 何景洲 A kind of green building structure
CN108605573A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-10-02 宁波城市职业技术学院 A kind of bridge cylinder afforestation equipment
CN108633545A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-10-12 中国冶集团有限公司 Vertical bank revetment vertical planting system and preparation method thereof
CN110924574A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-03-27 天津大学 Productive organic building surface
CN111910807A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-11-10 金刚幕墙集团有限公司 Plant rack structure, installation method and greening curtain wall thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104285774A (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-01-21 广东省建筑科学研究院 High-rise building climbing plant vertical greening system
CN107447853A (en) * 2017-09-16 2017-12-08 何景洲 A kind of green building structure
CN108605573A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-10-02 宁波城市职业技术学院 A kind of bridge cylinder afforestation equipment
CN108633545A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-10-12 中国冶集团有限公司 Vertical bank revetment vertical planting system and preparation method thereof
CN110924574A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-03-27 天津大学 Productive organic building surface
CN110924574B (en) * 2019-10-28 2021-04-06 天津大学 Productive organic building surface
CN111910807A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-11-10 金刚幕墙集团有限公司 Plant rack structure, installation method and greening curtain wall thereof

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Address after: 510500 No. 121 martyrs East Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Tianhe District

Patentee after: Guangdong Construction Academy Group Plc

Patentee after: GUANGDONG ZHONGKE QILIN GARDEN CO., LTD.

Patentee after: Guangdong Jian Ke energy-conserving and environment-protective Science and Technology Ltd.

Address before: 510500 martyrs East Road, Guangdong, Guangzhou No. 121

Patentee before: Guangdong Prov. Inst. of Building Science

Patentee before: GUANGDONG ZHONGKE QILIN GARDEN CO., LTD.

Patentee before: Guangdong Jian Ke energy-conserving and environment-protective Science and Technology Ltd.

Address after: 510500 No. 121 martyrs East Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Tianhe District

Patentee after: Guangdong Construction Academy Group Plc

Patentee after: GUANGDONG ZHONGKE QILIN GARDEN CO., LTD.

Patentee after: Guangdong Jian Ke energy-conserving and environment-protective Science and Technology Ltd.

Address before: 510500 martyrs East Road, Guangdong, Guangzhou No. 121

Patentee before: Guangdong Prov. Inst. of Building Science

Patentee before: GUANGDONG ZHONGKE QILIN GARDEN CO., LTD.

Patentee before: Guangdong Jian Ke energy-conserving and environment-protective Science and Technology Ltd.

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