CN104831873A - Combined intelligent rigid inverted roof with water storage and drainage functions - Google Patents

Combined intelligent rigid inverted roof with water storage and drainage functions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104831873A
CN104831873A CN201510196084.5A CN201510196084A CN104831873A CN 104831873 A CN104831873 A CN 104831873A CN 201510196084 A CN201510196084 A CN 201510196084A CN 104831873 A CN104831873 A CN 104831873A
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layer
drainage
gutter
manhole
roof
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CN201510196084.5A
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CN104831873B (en
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范正根
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Jiangxi Normal University
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Jiangxi Normal University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a combined intelligent rigid inverted roof with water storage and drainage functions. The combined intelligent rigid inverted roof with the water storage and drainage functions is sequentially connected with a planting soil layer, a water filtering layer, a slope layer and a roof floor from top to bottom. The combined intelligent rigid inverted roof disclosed by the invention does not need to use a flexible waterproof material and a root hair-penetrating resistance layer, is simple in structure, low in cost, convenient to maintain, long in service life and convenient to manage, solves the problems to realize water storage and drainage on the roof, roof planting and intelligentized management, has the effects of increasing an urban greening area, alleviating an urban heat island effect, effectively utilizing natural rainwater and easing the pressure of municipal drainage in a city, and makes a certain contribution to energy conservation and emission reduction of the city.

Description

A kind of compound drainage intelligence inversion type rigid roofing
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of inversion type rigid roofing, particularly relate to a kind of compound drainage intelligence inversion type rigid roofing.
Background technology
In people's daily life, building roof is divided into inversion type flexible roof and inversion type rigid roofing two kinds, inversion type flexible roof way is on roof structure layer, first spread flexible waterproof layer, repave heat insulation layer (flexible waterproof material is asphalt felt or macromolecule coiled material etc.), insulation layer is positioned on flexible waterproof layer, to flexible waterproof layer, there is protective effect, but there is the problem of aging of organic waterproofing materials in inversion type flexible roof, waterproofing course is limited for application life, and inversion type rigid roofing way directly utilizes cast in place reinforced bar to mix earth roof panel as rigid waterproof layer, repave heat insulation layer (being called compound drainage inversion type rigid roofing of interior paving compound drainage pipe network), save flexible waterproof material layer and anti-root system puncture layer, water proof structure is simple, construction cost is cheap, easy to maintenance, there is not organic waterproofing materials problem of aging, when inverted roof insulation layer surface layer is called planted roof for during plantation layer, be commonly called as roof garden, current existing planted roof mainly inversion type flexible roof, if number of patent application is 201320523795.5, application number is 201320499525.5, application number 201420273276.2 and application number planted roof disclosed in 201320175796.5 all belongs to inversion type flexible roof, just specific practice is different, because planted roof needs manually to manage with delicacy, for busy modern, the planted roof of such environmental protection can not well be popularized.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of compound drainage intelligence inversion type rigid roofing, solve current planted roof mainly inversion type flexible roof, there is the problem of aging of organic waterproofing materials in it, waterproofing course is limited for application life, and planted roof needs manually to manage with delicacy, for busy modern, the problem that the planted roof of such environmental protection can not be popularized very well.
The present invention is achieved in that it comprises roof floor slab, sloping layer, drainage layer, geotechnique's layer of cloth, planting soil layer, manhole one, manhole two, cover plate, gutter one, gutter two, turning gland, soil humidity sensor, mini sprinkler, feed pipe, for water branch, electromagnetic valve, microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller, turning gland, is characterized in that: described compound drainage intelligence inversion type rigid roofing is connected with planting soil layer from top to bottom in turn, drainage layer, sloping layer and roof floor slab, several manholes one and manhole two is provided with between described planting soil layer and the vertical cross section of drainage layer, described manhole one is located at the top of architecture indoor kitchen guarding gutter, described manhole two is near the exterior wall's drainage pipe of building roof, and described manhole one is provided with cover plate from top to bottom successively, gutter one and gutter two, several gutter one one end described are evenly distributed on the borehole wall of manhole one, described gutter one one end connects turning gland, described gutter one other end connects drainage layer, between several gutters one described in same level, bottom described gutter one with drainage layer bottom vertical distance be 50MM, the indoor kitchen guarding's gutter of described gutter two connecting building, described manhole two is provided with cover plate and gutter one from top to bottom successively, several gutters one described are evenly distributed on the borehole wall of manhole two, the gutter one connecting building roof exterior wall's drainage pipe of described manhole two side, soil humidity sensor is provided with in described planting soil layer, described soil humidity sensor connects microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller, described microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller connected electromagnetic valve, described electromagnetic valve is located on feed pipe, described feed pipe connects water supply branched pipe, described water supply branched pipe is evenly distributed in planting soil layer, described water supply branched pipe delivery port is connected with mini sprinkler.
Geotechnological layer of cloth is provided with between described drainage layer and planting soil layer.
Water supply branched pipe on described feed pipe and horizontal plane; The height that described water supply branched pipe gives prominence to planting soil layer is 80-100CM.
The described sloping layer gradient is 5 ‰; Described sloping layer includes φ 4@150 gauze wire cloth.
Described drainage layer is cinder; Described drainage layer average thickness is 80-100MM; Described drainage layer lays cobble as topping in gutter one one end surrounding.
Technique effect of the present invention is: the present invention without flexible waterproof material, need not anti-root system puncture layer, simple structure, with low cost, easy to maintenance, long service life and be convenient to management, solve roof retaining, draining, roof planting and intelligent management problem, there is raising city's green areas, alleviating urban heat island effect, effectively utilize nature rainwater, alleviate the effect of the pressure of Municipal draining, certain contribution has been made in the work that can be the energy-saving and emission-reduction in city.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is roof structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is automatic irrigation structural representation of the present invention.
In the drawings, 1, roof floor slab 2, sloping layer 3, drainage layer 4, geotechnological layer of cloth 5, planting soil layer 6, manhole 1, manhole 28, gutter 1, gutter 2 10, exterior wall's drainage pipe 11, soil humidity sensor 12, mini sprinkler 13, feed pipe 14, electromagnetic valve 15, microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller 16, power supply 17, water supply branched pipe 18, turning gland 19, plant 20, cover plate.
Detailed description of the invention
Composition graphs 1, 2 illustrate the present invention, described compound drainage intelligence inversion type rigid roofing is connected with planting soil layer 5 from top to bottom in turn, drainage layer 3, sloping layer 4 and roof floor slab 1, several manholes 1 and manhole 27 is provided with between described planting soil layer 5 and the vertical cross section of drainage layer 3, described manhole 1 is located at the top of architecture indoor kitchen guarding gutter, described manhole 27 is near the exterior wall's drainage pipe 10 of building roof, described manhole 1 is provided with cover plate 20 from top to bottom successively, gutter 1 and gutter 29, several gutter 1 one end described are evenly distributed on the borehole wall of manhole 1, described gutter 1 one end connects turning gland 18, described gutter 1 other end connects drainage layer 3, between several gutters 1 described in same level, bottom described gutter 1 with drainage layer 3 bottom vertical distance be 50MM, the indoor kitchen guarding's gutter of described gutter 29 connecting building, described manhole 27 is provided with cover plate 20 and gutter 1 from top to bottom successively, several gutters 1 described are evenly distributed on the borehole wall of manhole 27, the gutter 1 connecting building roof exterior wall's drainage pipe 10 of described manhole 27 side, soil humidity sensor 11 is provided with in described planting soil layer 5, described soil humidity sensor 11 connects microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller 15, described microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller 15 connected electromagnetic valve 14, described electromagnetic valve 14 is located on feed pipe 13, described feed pipe 13 connects water supply branched pipe 17, described water supply branched pipe 17 is evenly distributed in planting soil layer 5, described water supply branched pipe 17 delivery port is connected with mini sprinkler 12.
Be provided with geotechnological layer of cloth 4 between described drainage layer 3 and planting soil layer 5, so unnecessary in planting soil layer 5 water can flow in drainage layer 3, and the molecules such as silt can not flow in drainage layer 3.
Water supply branched pipe 17 on described feed pipe 13 and horizontal plane; The height that described water supply branched pipe 17 gives prominence to planting soil layer 5 is 80-100CM.
Described sloping layer 2 gradient is 5 ‰; Described sloping layer 2 includes φ 4@150 gauze wire cloth.
Described drainage layer 3 is cinder; Described drainage layer 3 average thickness is 80-100MM; Described drainage layer 3 lays cobble as topping in gutter 1 one end surrounding.
Described cover plate 20 is evenly distributed with several leaking holes.
In order to improve leisure function of the present invention and landscape effect, the facilities such as gravel trail, landscape pond, installation leisure tables and chairs can be laid on planting soil layer 5.
During use, user to adjust reserve-water-level in drainage layer 3 by regulating turning gland 18 with the angle of gutter 1, when rain, rainwater flows in drainage layer 3 by planting soil layer 5 and geotechnological layer of cloth 4, and unnecessary rainwater flows in gutter 29 and exterior wall's drainage pipe 10 by gutter 1 and turning gland 18, so just remain a part of rainwater in drainage layer 3, humidity in this process soil humidity sensor 11 in real time monitoring soil, when dry weather, when humidity in soil does not reach standard, soil humidity sensor 11 gives microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller 15 signal, then microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller 15 Controlling solenoid valve 14, allow feed pipe 13 path, at this moment mini sprinkler 12 irrigates to plant 19, when the humidity in soil reaches standard, soil humidity sensor 11 gives microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller 15 signal, then microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller 15 Controlling solenoid valve 14, allow feed pipe 13 open circuit, at this moment mini sprinkler 12 stops irrigating to plant 19.
Above-described embodiment is only be described the preferred embodiment of the present invention; not scope of the present invention is limited; under not departing from the present invention and designing the prerequisite of spirit; the various distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art make technical scheme of the present invention and improvement, all should fall in protection domain that claims of the present invention determines.

Claims (5)

1. a compound drainage intelligence inversion type rigid roofing, it comprises roof floor slab, sloping layer, drainage layer, geotechnique's layer of cloth, planting soil layer, manhole one, manhole two, cover plate, gutter one, gutter two, turning gland, soil humidity sensor, mini sprinkler, feed pipe, for water branch, electromagnetic valve, microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller, turning gland, is characterized in that: described compound drainage intelligence inversion type rigid roofing is connected with planting soil layer from top to bottom in turn, drainage layer, sloping layer and roof floor slab, several manholes one and manhole two is provided with between described planting soil layer and the vertical cross section of drainage layer, described manhole one is located at the top of architecture indoor kitchen guarding gutter, described manhole two is near the exterior wall's drainage pipe of building roof, and described manhole one is provided with cover plate from top to bottom successively, gutter one and gutter two, several gutter one one end described are evenly distributed on the borehole wall of manhole one, described gutter one one end connects turning gland, described gutter one other end connects drainage layer, between several gutters one described in same level, bottom described gutter one with drainage layer bottom vertical distance be 50MM, the indoor kitchen guarding's gutter of described gutter two connecting building, described manhole two is provided with cover plate and gutter one from top to bottom successively, several gutters one described are evenly distributed on the borehole wall of manhole two, the gutter one connecting building roof exterior wall's drainage pipe of described manhole two side, soil humidity sensor is provided with in described planting soil layer, described soil humidity sensor connects microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller, described microcomputer-recognized intelligent controller connected electromagnetic valve, described electromagnetic valve is located on feed pipe, described feed pipe connects water supply branched pipe, described water supply branched pipe is evenly distributed in planting soil layer, described water supply branched pipe delivery port is connected with mini sprinkler.
2. a kind of compound drainage intelligence Implant inversion type rigid roofing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with geotechnological layer of cloth between described drainage layer and planting soil layer.
3. a kind of compound drainage intelligence Implant inversion type rigid roofing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the water supply branched pipe on described feed pipe and horizontal plane; The height that described water supply branched pipe gives prominence to planting soil layer is 80-100CM.
4. a kind of compound drainage intelligence Implant inversion type rigid roofing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described sloping layer gradient is 5 ‰; Described sloping layer includes φ 4@150 gauze wire cloth.
5. a kind of compound drainage intelligence Implant inversion type rigid roofing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described drainage layer is cinder; Described drainage layer average thickness is 80-100MM; Described drainage layer lays cobble as topping in gutter one one end surrounding.
CN201510196084.5A 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 Combined intelligent rigid inverted roof with water storage and drainage functions Active CN104831873B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105297831A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-03 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Roof greening rainwater utilization system and method based on plant transpiration
CN105625646A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-06-01 北京东方雨虹防水工程有限公司 Double-layered water drainage type roof water drainage hole assembly and installation method of double-layered water drainage type roof water drainage hole assembly
CN108307856A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-07-24 江苏省建筑工程集团有限公司 It plants exterior wall and sprays regulating system
CN108755343A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-06 江西师范大学 A kind of pavement with compound drainage function
CN111379308A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-07-07 广东现代建筑设计与顾问有限公司 Building basement top roof drainage french drain structure
CN112042484A (en) * 2020-09-17 2020-12-08 广东海洋大学寸金学院 Roof system controlled by intensive intelligent module and capable of collecting and utilizing clean energy
CN112360065A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-12 上海市政工程设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 Ecological roof system capable of automatically regulating and utilizing rainwater

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002364130A (en) * 2001-06-06 2002-12-18 Kajima Corp Lightweight water-retentive heat insulating roof
CN203188498U (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-09-11 深圳市建筑设计研究总院有限公司 Planted roof drainage structure
CN203201034U (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-09-18 项谱成 Planted roof
CN203429913U (en) * 2013-08-13 2014-02-12 章吉浦 Planted roof
CN203531260U (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-04-09 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Inverted planting roofing structure
CN104088410A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-10-08 广东莲田金属工程建筑有限公司 Roof biological energy-saving and heat-insulating system
CN203924509U (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-11-05 北京中建建筑设计院有限公司 A kind of roof planting soil defence structure
CN204691095U (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-10-07 江西师范大学 A kind of compound drainage intelligence inversion type rigid roofing

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002364130A (en) * 2001-06-06 2002-12-18 Kajima Corp Lightweight water-retentive heat insulating roof
CN203201034U (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-09-18 项谱成 Planted roof
CN203188498U (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-09-11 深圳市建筑设计研究总院有限公司 Planted roof drainage structure
CN203429913U (en) * 2013-08-13 2014-02-12 章吉浦 Planted roof
CN203531260U (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-04-09 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Inverted planting roofing structure
CN203924509U (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-11-05 北京中建建筑设计院有限公司 A kind of roof planting soil defence structure
CN104088410A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-10-08 广东莲田金属工程建筑有限公司 Roof biological energy-saving and heat-insulating system
CN204691095U (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-10-07 江西师范大学 A kind of compound drainage intelligence inversion type rigid roofing

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105297831A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-03 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Roof greening rainwater utilization system and method based on plant transpiration
CN105625646A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-06-01 北京东方雨虹防水工程有限公司 Double-layered water drainage type roof water drainage hole assembly and installation method of double-layered water drainage type roof water drainage hole assembly
CN108307856A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-07-24 江苏省建筑工程集团有限公司 It plants exterior wall and sprays regulating system
CN108755343A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-06 江西师范大学 A kind of pavement with compound drainage function
CN111379308A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-07-07 广东现代建筑设计与顾问有限公司 Building basement top roof drainage french drain structure
CN112042484A (en) * 2020-09-17 2020-12-08 广东海洋大学寸金学院 Roof system controlled by intensive intelligent module and capable of collecting and utilizing clean energy
CN112360065A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-12 上海市政工程设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 Ecological roof system capable of automatically regulating and utilizing rainwater

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