CN103120111B - Method suitable for northern grape horizontal connected trellis cultivation - Google Patents

Method suitable for northern grape horizontal connected trellis cultivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103120111B
CN103120111B CN201310090870.8A CN201310090870A CN103120111B CN 103120111 B CN103120111 B CN 103120111B CN 201310090870 A CN201310090870 A CN 201310090870A CN 103120111 B CN103120111 B CN 103120111B
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China
Prior art keywords
grape
climing
trellis
master
northern
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310090870.8A
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CN103120111A (en
Inventor
潘明启
张付春
伍新宇
卢春生
郭春苗
韩守安
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HORTICULTURE INSTITUTE OF XINJIANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
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HORTICULTURE INSTITUTE OF XINJIANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method suitable for northern grape horizontal connected trellis cultivation. When a vineyard in a northern grape region is built, a grape trellis is designed into a horizontal connected trellis, the trellis face height is 200cm +/- 10cm, when the shape of a grape tree is cultivated, a single main vane of each plant of grape tree is chosen and reserved to be horizontally tied along the extension direction after the single main vanes clime to a trellis with inclined angles smaller than or equal to 60 degrees along the extension direction, the whole line of grape main vanes are connected mutually on the trellis face to form a long line along the extension direction, and therefore insertion positions of shoots can be placed in a straight line, the shoots can grow towards the left and the right and perpendicular to the main vanes, and the shoots are paralleled with each other and can grow horizontally. By means of the method suitable for the northern grape horizontal connected trellis cultivation, output can be controlled accurately, fruit quality is improved, fresh eating quality or processing performance is improved, mature time of fruits is uniform, mechanical management is benefited, trimming, climbing on the trellis and climbing off the trellis are convenient, branches and tendrils can be prevented from being twisted in the process of climbing on the trellis and climbing off the trellis, and therefore the method suitable for the northern grape horizontal connected trellis cultivation has wide practicability.

Description

A kind of applicable northern grape level connects the method for pergola system
Technical field
The present invention relates to agriculture cultivation technology field.Specifically, in particular, the present invention relates to the technical field that a kind of applicable northern grape level connects pergola system method new model.
Background technology
Grape soil burial winter protection district, the north is cold winter, before winter approached, need grape branches and tendrils from frame face leave behind (being undercarriage), level is put into planting furrow, with slowly drained soil, bury and survive the winter, need dig out grape branches and tendrils (opening pier) spring from soil, shake off earth, grape branches and tendrils are strapped in to (added) on frame face; The north is eaten and is made dry viticulture raw and mainly adopts traditional pony set or common horizontal pergola system pattern, and traditional pony set adopts root post height above ground level to be generally 130-150cm, and tip post height above ground level is generally 140-160cm, and wooden rafter is as crossbeam; And the about 180cm of common horizontal rack frame face height, the about 3.5-4m of line-spacing.These two kinds of patterns be many main climing or single climing added after perpendicular to row to bondage, different main young sprouts on climing intersect, overlapping growth, fruit branch illumination and nutritional condition are inconsistent, cause fruit quality heterogeneity, ripe inconsistent; Summer need be to repeatedly pinching pruning of young sprout, and workload is large; Tradition pony set is difficult to carry out mechanically actuated, and after common horizontal rack grape young sprout result, fruit ear distributes under whole face, and frame face middle part be grape in the ranks without supporter, Action of Gravity Field sinks frame face, affects mechanically actuated; Autumn Mo undercarriage and all need to reverse complicated and confused direction when added spring, very easily sprain branches and tendrils.Existing grape harvest exists many defects and deficiency to need badly by traditional pony set or common horizontal pergola system pattern and solves.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, invent a kind of applicable northern grape level and connected the method for pergola system, overcome that traditional posture output is wayward, fruit quality heterogeneity, the inconsistent problem of maturation time, solve traditional posture and pruned the large problem of workload, also overcome that traditional posture frame face sinks to affecting mechanical work, upper and lower labour intensity of traditional posture is large, easily sprains complicated and confused problem simultaneously.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
The present invention adopts while building garden in northern viny region, posture is designed to level and connects frame, frame face height is 200cm ± 10cm, cultivate to control grape when tree-like, every strain grape is controlled single main climing following after added to inclination certain angle of selecting and remain and is followed to horizontal bondage, and full line grape master is climing to be followed to being interconnected to long queue on frame face, make young sprout adnation position in straight line, perpendicular to the both direction growth to the left and right of main climing difference, each young sprout is parallel to each other, horizontal growth.The method can accurately be controlled vintage, has improved grape fresh food quality or processing characteristics, and fruit maturation time consistency, is conducive to machine management, is convenient to plant grape and prunes and upper and lower, sprains branches and tendrils while having avoided upper and lower.
The present invention specifically provides a kind of applicable northern grape level to connect the method for pergola system, and while building garden in northern viny region, design level connects frame, and frame face height is 200cm ± 10cm, whole the evenly continuous granny rag iron wire of face; When cultivation control grape is tree-like, every strain grape is selected and remain, and single master is climing in control, the climing quantity of selecting and remain of master that is every strain grape is 1 and follows after added to certain angle that tilts and follow to horizontal bondage, full line grape master is climing to be followed to being interconnected to long queue on frame face, make grape young sprout adnation position in straight line, perpendicular to the both direction growth to the left and right of main climing difference, each young sprout is parallel to each other, horizontal growth.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the climing base portion of the master of grape to frame face portion bearing of trend is to consistent with row.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the climing inclination extension of the master of grape and ground angle are less than or equal to 60 °; The climing added rear angle of bend of master of grape is greater than 120 °.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the climing added rear bondage direction of the master of grape is for following to level.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, the young sprout of grape and row to, main climing be vertical relation.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the different young sprout bearing of trend of grape is for respectively to main climing left and right both direction.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the different young sprouts of the grape of cultivation are parallel relation.
By enforcement, the invention provides above-mentioned concrete technical scheme and can reach following technique effect:
(1) the present invention leads climing and young sprout bearing of trend by change, makes young sprout adnation position in straight line, is easy to the young sprout of selecting and remain, and has overcome the uppity problem of traditional posture output of prior art report.
(2) the present invention leads climing and young sprout bearing of trend by change, and each young sprout is parallel to each other, horizontal growth, and nutrition is consistent with illumination level, has overcome traditional posture fruit quality heterogeneity, the inconsistent problem of maturation time of prior art report.
(3) the present invention, by adjusting young sprout bearing of trend, has simplified grape and has pruned program, makes summer pruning position concentrate on middle part in the ranks, and wheat formula single solution for diverse problems pruning is cut in employing, prune position autumn and concentrate on the row top of planting, main climing position, has overcome traditional posture and has pruned the large problem of workload.
(4) the present invention leads climing bearing of trend by adjustment, has changed grape result position, makes grape result position only concentrate on main climing both sides, and the fringe of in the ranks having no result in the middle part of frame face, has overcome the problem that traditional posture frame face sinks to affecting mechanical work.
(5) the present invention leads climing bearing of trend by change, has adjusted main climing added angle, has overcome upper and lower labour intensity of traditional posture large, easily sprains complicated and confused problem.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is traditional pony set viticulture ideograph.In figure, 1 be grape the climing inclination extension of master and ground angle, 2 is root post height above ground level, 3 is tip post height above ground level.
Fig. 2 is common horizontal rack viticulture ideograph.4 is the climing added rear angle of bend of master of grape, and 5 spread and stretch and ground angle for the master of grape.
Fig. 3 connects the method schematic diagram of pergola system for being applicable to northern grape level.6 is the climing inclination extension of master and the ground angle of grape, the 7 climing added rear angle of bend of master that are grape.
Embodiment
Below, for embodiment, the present invention is described, still, the present invention is not limited to following embodiment.
embodiment mono-: traditional pony set viticulture pattern
Referring to accompanying drawing 1, the invention provides traditional pony set viticulture pattern.Adopt height above ground level, european grape root post height is 130-150cm, adopts height above ground level, and grape tip post height is 140-160cm, and wooden rafter is as crossbeam, length 4.5-5m, and the distance between root post and tip post is 3.5-4m.
This pattern, because frame face is too low, cannot realize do mechanization operation, and manual operation is inconvenience also; When main climing bearing of trend buries soil with winter, the climing placement direction of master is vertical, therefore, during upper undercarriage, main climing twisting is easily sprained to branches and tendrils; Young sprout is interlaced overlapping on frame face, and illumination, nutrition supply are inconsistent, fruit quality heterogeneity, and maturation time is inconsistent; Summer pruning and autumn, while pruning, need to be pruned at whole face time-consuming taking a lot of work one by one along master is climing.
embodiment bis-: common horizontal rack viticulture pattern
Referring to accompanying drawing 2, the invention provides common horizontal rack viticulture pattern.The about 180cm of cultivating grape frame face height, the about 3.5-4m of line-spacing; The climing added rear angle of bend of master of grape is less than 100 °; The master of grape spreads that to stretch with ground angle be 90 °.
When main climing bearing of trend buries soil with winter, the climing placement direction of master is vertical, therefore, during upper undercarriage, main climing twisting is easily sprained to branches and tendrils; Young sprout is interlaced overlapping on frame face, and illumination, nutrition supply are inconsistent, fruit quality heterogeneity, and maturation time is inconsistent; Summer pruning and autumn, while pruning, need to be pruned at whole face time-consuming taking a lot of work one by one along master is climing; After grape young sprout result, fruit ear distributes under whole face, and frame face middle part be grape in the ranks without supporter, Action of Gravity Field sinks frame face, affects mechanically actuated.
embodiment tri-: be applicable to the method that northern grape level connects pergola system
When garden is built in northern viny region, design level connects frame, and frame face height is 200cm ± 10cm, whole the evenly continuous granny rag iron wire of face; When cultivation control grape is tree-like, every strain grape is selected and remain, and single master is climing in control, the climing quantity of selecting and remain of master that is every strain grape is 1 and follows after added to certain angle that tilts and follow to horizontal bondage, full line grape master is climing to be followed to being interconnected to long queue on frame face, make grape young sprout adnation position in straight line, perpendicular to the both direction growth to the left and right of main climing difference, each young sprout is parallel to each other, horizontal growth.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the climing base portion of the master of grape to frame face portion bearing of trend is to consistent with row.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the climing inclination extension of the master of grape and ground angle are less than or equal to 60 °, and the climing added rear angle of bend of master of grape is greater than 120 °.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the climing added rear bondage direction of the master of grape is for following to level.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, the young sprout of grape and row to, main climing be vertical relation.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the different young sprout bearing of trend of grape is for respectively to main climing left and right both direction.
Applicable northern grape level provided by the invention connects in the method for pergola system, and the different young sprouts of the grape of cultivation are parallel relation.
The present invention leads climing and young sprout bearing of trend by change, makes young sprout adnation position in straight line, is easy to the young sprout of selecting and remain, and has overcome the uppity problem of traditional posture output of prior art report.
The present invention leads climing and young sprout bearing of trend by change, and each young sprout is parallel to each other, horizontal growth, and nutrition is consistent with illumination level, has overcome traditional posture fruit quality heterogeneity, the inconsistent problem of maturation time of prior art report.
The present invention, by adjusting young sprout bearing of trend, has simplified grape and has pruned program, makes summer pruning position concentrate on middle part in the ranks, and wheat formula single solution for diverse problems pruning is cut in employing, prune position autumn and concentrate on the row top of planting, main climing position, has overcome traditional posture and has pruned the large problem of workload.
The present invention leads climing bearing of trend by adjustment, has changed grape result position, makes grape result position only concentrate on main climing both sides, and the fringe of in the ranks having no result in the middle part of frame face, has overcome the problem that traditional posture frame face sinks to affecting mechanical work.
The present invention leads climing bearing of trend by change, has adjusted main climing added angle, has overcome upper and lower labour intensity of traditional posture large, easily sprains complicated and confused problem.

Claims (1)

1. be applicable to the method that northern grape level connects pergola system, it is characterized in that, while building garden in northern viny region, design level connects frame, and frame face height is 200cm ± 10cm, whole the evenly continuous granny rag iron wire of face; When cultivation control grape is tree-like, every strain grape is selected and remain, and single master is climing in control, the climing quantity of selecting and remain of master that is every strain grape is 1 and follows after added to certain angle that tilts and follow to horizontal bondage, full line grape master is climing to be followed to being interconnected to long queue on frame face, make grape young sprout adnation position in straight line, perpendicular to the both direction growth to the left and right of main climing difference, each young sprout is parallel to each other, horizontal growth; The climing base portion of master of described grape to frame face portion bearing of trend is to consistent with row; The climing added rear bondage direction of master of described grape is for following to level; The young sprout of described grape and row to, main climing be vertical relation;
The climing inclination extension of master of described grape and ground angle adopt 60 °, and main climing added rear angle of bend is greater than 120 °;
Described grape level connects the method for pergola system, and the different young sprout bearing of trend of grape is for respectively to main climing left and right both direction;
The different young sprouts of the grape of described cultivation are parallel relation.
CN201310090870.8A 2013-03-21 2013-03-21 Method suitable for northern grape horizontal connected trellis cultivation Expired - Fee Related CN103120111B (en)

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CN103392554B (en) * 2013-08-14 2015-02-04 镇江万山红遍农业园 Balanced shaping and pruning method for grapevine
CN103404404B (en) * 2013-08-19 2015-06-10 张星敏 Grape culture method
CN103843639B (en) * 2014-03-14 2016-05-25 安徽农业大学 Tree-like and the pruning method of a kind of cross double-T grape
CN103907498B (en) * 2014-04-01 2016-04-27 新疆农垦科学院 A kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects the method for pergola system
CN104115724A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-29 长兴兴源葡萄科技有限公司 Grape shed
CN104221807A (en) * 2014-09-24 2014-12-24 宾川县金牛镇农业综合服务中心 Grape cultivating method for reducing density, improving quality and promoting early maturing through single connected tent
CN104838962A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-08-19 娄志 Grape planting method
US10231388B2 (en) 2015-04-30 2019-03-19 Hibervine Llc Appartus for protecting cold sensitive scions
CN105165369B (en) * 2015-10-03 2017-11-21 山东农业大学 A kind of grape is tree-like and its construction method
CN105557448B (en) * 2016-01-18 2018-12-25 石河子农业科学研究院 A kind of suitable soil burial winter protection area grape double flat frame and viticultural method
CN108684431A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-10-23 宁夏华昊葡萄酒有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of vinifera
CN111264264A (en) * 2018-12-04 2020-06-12 溆浦森鑫特色农业开发有限公司 Trellis type cultivation method for lonicera confusa
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Inventor after: Pan Mingqi

Inventor after: Zhang Fuchun

Inventor after: Wu Xinyu

Inventor after: Lu Chunsheng

Inventor after: Guo Chunmiao

Inventor after: Han Shouan

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Inventor before: Fan Dingyu

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Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: ZHANG FUCHUN GUO CHUNMIAO FAN DINGYU TO: PAN MINGQI ZHANG FUCHUN WU XINYU LU CHUNSHENG GUO CHUNMIAO HAN SHOUAN

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