CN103907498B - A kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects the method for pergola system - Google Patents

A kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects the method for pergola system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103907498B
CN103907498B CN201410142567.2A CN201410142567A CN103907498B CN 103907498 B CN103907498 B CN 103907498B CN 201410142567 A CN201410142567 A CN 201410142567A CN 103907498 B CN103907498 B CN 103907498B
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China
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grape
climing
strain
young sprout
master
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CN103907498A (en
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李鹏程
李铭
郭绍杰
苏学德
王晶晶
何延华
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Abstract

The invention discloses the method that a kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects pergola system, when garden built by High-cold regions grape, grape posture is designed to level and connects frame, frame face height is 180cm, except often row first strain grape is vertically added, it is added that other each strain grapes all adopt single trunk to follow to inclination 30 ° of angles, and on frame face, the two master of employing is climing follows to extending to last strain, and the young sprout on each master is climing is tied up in main climing side to drawing perpendicular to row.The present invention accurately can control output, improves fruit quality, and the fructescence is consistent, prevents branch excessive growth, and branch lures and draws conveniently neatly, is convenient to unified management, improves the operating efficiency of the upper and lower frame of grape, conveniently survive the winter cold-proof, have practicality widely.

Description

A kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects the method for pergola system
Technical field
Viticulture technical field, relates generally to the method that a kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects pergola system.
Background technology
Along with China's viticulture develops rapidly, viticulture posture is various, and because China is vast in territory, north and south cultivation mode is different, and the north adopts single wall pergola cultivation, and then there are plane pergola system, single wall pergola cultivation, T-shaped pergola cultivation etc. in south.Japan is the more flourishing country of viticulture, and because how hot and humid summer rainwater is, open country grape and greenhouse controlling all adopt plane pergola system.But plane frame cost is higher, management difficulty is large, and daily management operation exceedes the number of people more, and labour intensity is large.Not yet there is a kind of adaptation grape productive prospecting at present and effectively can utilize space, reaching the cultivation posture of Labor-saving high-efficiency.
At the same summer high temperature high humidity of south China, with heavy rainfall, adopt plane pergola system grape, grape can be made overhead higher, alleviate the propagation of rainwater to soil disease, but prune, flower and fruit management is more complicated, operating difficulties, when operation, both hands are lifted over the top of the head, and labour intensity is high, efficiency is low; Adopt single wall pergola cultivation, T-shaped pergola cultivation grape, ventilation and penetrating light is poor, and frame face is limited, and space availability ratio is low, grape branch amount of growth is not enough, causes leaf area relatively less, has certain influence to output, tree-like disorder does not have rule, and branch intersects straggly, and management is inconvenient.
High-cold regions is cold for winter, and grape wintering needs soil burial winter protection, and the pony set adopted at present and level connect frame, adopt many main climing or single climing vertically added after plant row to bondage perpendicular to grape, branch slightly degree of overlapping is high, illumination condition and nutritional condition inconsistent, cause the grape florescence inconsistent, painted inequality; Cause summer pruning workload large after branch overlap; Main climing vertical-growth or gradient too little, along with the overstriking year by year of branches and tendrils, undercarriage difficulty of surviving the winter increases, and easily causes branches and tendrils to sprain.
" a kind of applicable northern grape horizontal connects the method for pergola system " adopts the dry single climing shaping of Dulong, too concentrates easily cause branch excessive growth due to nutrition, time as uneven in main climing rudiment, can cause frame face hollow, have a strong impact on output.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the method that a kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects pergola system, yields poorly, fruit maturation is inconsistent, pruning is difficult, problem that workload of surviving the winter is large to solve.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, embodiments of the invention provide a kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal to connect the method for pergola system, when garden built by High-cold regions grape, grape posture is designed to level and connects frame, frame face height is 180cm, and except often row first strain grape is vertically added, it is added that other each strain grapes all adopt single trunk to follow to inclination 30 ° of angles, on frame face, the two master of employing is climing follows to extending to last strain, and the young sprout on each master is climing is tied up in main climing side to drawing perpendicular to row.
The concrete steps of described method are as follows:
S1, seedling planting: raw seedling in the same direction with the 30 ° of field planting of ground angle, when young sprout grows to 50cm, young sprout is drawn along trunk direction rope and ties up on iron wire; Often row first strain grape harvest " the two strain in a cave " field planting, the vertical field planting of one strain grape, vertically draw and tie up on iron wire, when young sprout rugosity grows to 0.8cm, 1.8 meters of At The Height pinching, retain two, top sublateral shoot to continue to extend, all the other sublateral shoots are all extractd, and are drawn by two, top sublateral shoot to tie up and cultivate as elongated shoot on two iron wires connecting column;
S2, summer pruning: when the young sprout on master is climing grows to flowering sequence, interval 15-20 centimetre retains a young sprout and ties up perpendicular to row on frame face to drawing, and the young sprout on left and right master is climing is respectively guided into, and all the other young sprouts are erased totally, the young sprout stayed not bud picking later, length are put, and remove overlapping young sprout if desired
S3, winter pruning: generally carry out in mid or late October, adopt single trunk, spread long shoot length from the 3rd road iron wire master and put." the climing horizontal leaf curtain of the two master " method of employing: main climing more than length 150cm, stays a fruit-bearing shoot cluster every about 20cm, and full tree stays 10 ~ 14 fruit-bearing shoot clusters, hedge frame part 2 ~ 4, frame part 8 ~ 10, arrange in fishbone shape, fruit-bearing shoot cluster can be arranged in frame part 1.8m place foremost; General length more than 1.5 meters, fruit-bearing shoot cluster adopts single renewal.Require that branch is fully ripe, have 2 full buds under clip, clip rugosity more than 0.8 centimetre, wipes out all side shoots.I.e. " on frame face, main climing extending head direction is long puts to edge, frame face, and 2 brachyplasts are stayed as the bearing basal shoot in the coming year in 20 centimetres, interval ".
S4, survive the winter cold-proof: the branches and tendrils pruned are taken advantage of a situation and are placed on planting furrow, on grape branches and tendrils, cover one deck colour bar cloth before burying soil, bury soil thickness and exceed colour bar cloth 10cm.
The present invention accurately can control output, improves fruit quality, and the fructescence is consistent, prevents branch excessive growth, and branch lures and draws conveniently neatly, is convenient to unified management, improves the operating efficiency of the upper and lower frame of grape, conveniently survive the winter cold-proof, have practicality widely.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that the present invention is applicable to High-cold regions grape horizontal and connects pergola system method.
Description of reference numerals:
1, column; 2, bracing wire; 3, trunk; 4, main climing; 5, young sprout; 6, right angle; 7,30 ° of angles;
Embodiment
For making the technical problem to be solved in the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly, be described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the specific embodiments.
The present invention is directed to the method that a kind of applicable High-cold regions of existing deficiency grape horizontal connects pergola system, as shown in Figure 1, when garden built by High-cold regions grape, grape posture is designed to level and connects frame, frame face height is 180cm, and except often row first strain grape is vertically added, it is added that other each strain grapes all adopt single trunk 3 to follow to inclination 30 ° of angles 7, frame face adopts two main climing 4 follow to extending to last strain, the young sprout 5 on each master climing 4 is perpendicular to going to drawing the side tied up main climing 4.
Embodiment 1
The method concrete steps that a kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects pergola system are as follows:
S1, seedling planting: raw seedling in the same direction with the 30 ° of field planting of ground angle, when young sprout grows to 50cm, young sprout is drawn along trunk direction rope and ties up on iron wire; Often row first strain grape harvest " the two strain in a cave " field planting, the vertical field planting of one strain grape, vertically draw and tie up on iron wire, when young sprout rugosity grows to 0.8cm, 1.8 meters of At The Height pinching, retain two, top sublateral shoot to continue to extend, all the other sublateral shoots are all extractd, and are drawn by two, top sublateral shoot to tie up and cultivate as elongated shoot on two iron wires connecting column;
S2, summer pruning: when the young sprout on master is climing grows to flowering sequence, 17 centimetres, interval retains a young sprout and ties up perpendicular to row on frame face to drawing, and the young sprout on left and right master is climing is respectively guided into, and all the other young sprouts are erased totally, the young sprout stayed not bud picking later, length are put, and remove overlapping young sprout if desired
S3, winter pruning: generally carry out in mid or late October, adopt single trunk, spread long shoot length from the 3rd road iron wire master and put." the climing horizontal leaf curtain of the two master " method of employing: main climing more than length 150cm, stays a fruit-bearing shoot cluster every about 20cm, and full tree stays 12 fruit-bearing shoot clusters, hedge frame part 3, frame part 9, arrange in fishbone shape, fruit-bearing shoot cluster can be arranged in frame part 1.8m place foremost; General length more than 1.5 meters, fruit-bearing shoot cluster adopts single renewal.Require that branch is fully ripe, have 2 full buds under clip, clip rugosity more than 0.8 centimetre, wipes out all side shoots.I.e. " on frame face, main climing extending head direction is long puts to edge, frame face, and 2 brachyplasts are stayed as the bearing basal shoot in the coming year in 20 centimetres, interval ".
S4, survive the winter cold-proof: the branches and tendrils pruned are taken advantage of a situation and are placed on planting furrow, on grape branches and tendrils, cover one deck colour bar cloth before burying soil, bury soil thickness and exceed colour bar cloth 10cm.
The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from principle of the present invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. an applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects the method for pergola system, it is characterized in that, when garden built by High-cold regions grape, grape posture is designed to level and connects frame, frame face height is 180cm, except often row first strain grape is vertically added, it is added that other each strain grapes all adopt single trunk (3) to follow to inclination 30 ° of angles (7), on frame face, employing two main climing (4) follows to extending to last strain, and the young sprout (5) on each two main climing (4) is perpendicular to going to drawing the side tied up in two master climing (4);
The concrete steps of described method are as follows:
S1, seedling planting: raw seedling in the same direction with the 30 ° of field planting of ground angle, when young sprout grows to 50cm, young sprout is drawn along trunk direction rope and ties up on iron wire; Often row first strain grape harvest " the two strain in a cave " field planting, the vertical field planting of one strain grape, vertically draw and tie up on iron wire, when young sprout rugosity grows to 0.8cm, 1.8 meters of At The Height pinching, retain two, top sublateral shoot to continue to extend, all the other sublateral shoots are all extractd, and are drawn by two, top sublateral shoot to tie up and cultivate as elongated shoot on two iron wires connecting column (1);
S2, summer pruning: when the young sprout on master is climing grows to flowering sequence, interval 15-20 centimetre retains a young sprout and ties up perpendicular to row on frame face to drawing, and the young sprout on left and right master is climing is respectively guided into, and all the other young sprouts are erased totally, the young sprout stayed not bud picking later, length are put, and remove overlapping young sprout;
S3, winter pruning: carry out in mid or late October, adopt single trunk, spreads long shoot length put from the 3rd road iron wire master; " the climing horizontal leaf curtain of the two master " method of employing: main climing more than length 150cm, stays a fruit-bearing shoot cluster every about 20cm, and full tree stays 10 ~ 14 fruit-bearing shoot clusters, hedge frame part 2 ~ 4, frame part 8 ~ 10, arrange in fishbone shape, fruit-bearing shoot cluster is arranged in frame part 1.8m place foremost; Length more than 1.5 meters, fruit-bearing shoot cluster adopts single renewal, require that branch is fully ripe, 2 full buds are had under clip, clip rugosity more than 0.8 centimetre, wipe out all side shoots, i.e. " on frame face, main climing extending head direction is long puts to edge, frame face, and 2 brachyplasts are stayed as the bearing basal shoot in the coming year in 20 centimetres, interval ";
S4, survive the winter cold-proof: the branches and tendrils pruned are taken advantage of a situation and are placed on planting furrow, on grape branches and tendrils, cover one deck colour bar cloth before burying soil, bury soil thickness and exceed colour bar cloth 10cm.
CN201410142567.2A 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 A kind of applicable High-cold regions grape horizontal connects the method for pergola system Expired - Fee Related CN103907498B (en)

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CN105028116B (en) * 2015-09-08 2017-08-29 齐鲁工业大学 A kind of grape form culture method suitable for soil burial winter protection
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CN107980469B (en) * 2017-11-13 2020-08-14 徐万荣 High-yield superposition synergistic method for grapes
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CN111642320B (en) * 2020-06-05 2021-11-12 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Method for cultivating grapes in rotation mode

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